Abstract

A compact, electrically driven light source integrated on silicon is a key component for large-scale integration of electronic and photonic integrated circuits. Here we demonstrate electrically injected continuous-wave lasing in InP-based microdisk lasers coupled to a sub-micron silicon wire waveguide, fabricated through heterogeneous integration of InP on silicon-on-insulator (SOI). The InP-based microdisk has a diameter of 7.5 μm and a thickness of 1 μm. A tunnel junction was incorporated to efficiently contact the p-side of the pn-junction. The laser emits at 1.6 μm, with a threshold current as low as 0.5 mA under continuous-wave operation at room temperature, and a threshold voltage of 1.65 V. The SOI-coupled laser slope efficiency was estimated to be 30 μW/mA, with a maximum unidirectional output power of 10 μW.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, P. Dumon, V. Wiaux, S. Beckx, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, J. Van Campenhout, P. Bienstman, and D. Van Thourhout, "Nanophotonic waveguides in silicon-on-insulator fabricated with CMOS technology," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 401-412 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. Soref, "The past, present and future of silicon photonics," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1687-1687 (2006).
  3. H. S. Rong, R. Jones, A. S. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. J. Paniccia, "A continuous-wave Raman silicon laser," Nature 433, 725-728 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  4. O. Boyraz and B. Jalali, "Demonstration of a silicon Raman laser," Opt. Express 12, 5269 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. L. Pavesi, L. Dal Negro, C. Mazzoleni, G. Franzò, and F. Priolo, "Optical gain in silicon nanocrystals," Nature 408, 440-444 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Lombardo, S. Campisano, G. Vandenhoven, A. Cacciato, and A. Polman "A room-temperature Luminescence from Er3+-implanted semi-insulating polycrystalline silicon," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1942-1944 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  7. G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, R. Notzel, and M. Smit, "Laser emission and photodetection in an InP/InGaAsP layer integrated on and coupled to a silicon-on-insulator waveguide circuit," Opt. Express  14, 8154-8159 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. W. Fang, H. Park, O. Cohen, R. Jones, M. J. Paniccia, J. E. Bowers, "Electrically pumped hybrid AlGaInAs-silicon evanescent laser," Opt. Express 14, 9203-9210 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. W. Fang, R. Jones, H. Park, O. Cohen, O. Raday, M. J. Paniccia, and J. E. Bowers, "Integrated AlGaInAs-silicon evanescent racetrack laser and photodetector," Opt. Express 14, 9203-9210 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  12. C. J. Seung, K. Djordjev, S. J. Choi, and P. D. Dapkus," Microdisk lasers coupled to output waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1330-1332 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  13. P. Rojo Romeo, J. Van Campenhout, P. Regreny, A. Kazmierczak, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, G. Hollinger, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, J. M. Fedeli, and L. Di Cioccio, "Heterogeneous integration of electrically driven microdisk based laser sources for optical interconnects and photonic ICs," Opt Express 14, 3864-3871 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
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  15. H. T. Hattori, C. Seassal, E. Touraille, P. Rojo Romeo, X. Letartre, G. Hollinger, P. Viktorovitch, L. Di Cioccio, M. Zussy, L. El Melhaoui, and J. M. Fedeli, "Heterogeneous integration of microdisk lasers on silicon strip waveguides for optical interconnects," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 223-225 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  17. M. T. Hill, E. Frietman, H. de Waardt, G. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, "All fiber-optic neural network using coupled SOA based ring lasers," IEEE Trans. Neural Networks 13, 1504-1513 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  18. J. Boucart, C. Starck, F Gaborit, A. Plais, N. Bouche, E. Derouin, J. C. Remy, J. Bonnet-Gamard, L. Goldstein, C. Fortin, D. Carpentier, P. Salet, F. Brillouet, and J. Jacquet, "Metamorphic DBR and Tunnel-Junction Injection: A CW RT Monolithic Long-Wavelength VCSEL", IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 5, 520-529 (1999).
  19. M. Kostrzewa, L. Di Cioccio, M. Zussy, J. C. Roussin, J. M. Fedeli, N. Kernevez, P. Regreny, C. Lagahe-Blanchard, and B. Aspar, "InP dies transferred onto silicon substrate for optical interconnects application," Sensors and Actuators A: Physical 125, 411-414 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  20. D. Taillaert, F. Van Laere, M. Ayre, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, "Grating couplers for coupling between optical fibers and nanophotonic waveguides," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.  45, 6071-6077 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  21. M. Sorel, G. Giuliani, A. Scire, R. Miglierina, S. Donati, and P. J. R. Laybourn, "Operating regimes of GaAs-AlGaAs semiconductor ring lasers: experiment and model," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1187-1195 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  22. B. E. Little, J.-P Laine and S. T. Chu, "Surface-roughness-induced contradirectional coupling in ring and disk resonators," Opt Lett.  22, 4-6 (1997).
  23. I. Christiaens, "Vertically coupled microring resonators fabricated with wafer bonding," PhD thesis, Ghent University, 2005.

2006

P. Rojo Romeo, J. Van Campenhout, P. Regreny, A. Kazmierczak, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, G. Hollinger, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, J. M. Fedeli, and L. Di Cioccio, "Heterogeneous integration of electrically driven microdisk based laser sources for optical interconnects and photonic ICs," Opt Express 14, 3864-3871 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. T. Hattori, C. Seassal, E. Touraille, P. Rojo Romeo, X. Letartre, G. Hollinger, P. Viktorovitch, L. Di Cioccio, M. Zussy, L. El Melhaoui, and J. M. Fedeli, "Heterogeneous integration of microdisk lasers on silicon strip waveguides for optical interconnects," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 223-225 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Kostrzewa, L. Di Cioccio, M. Zussy, J. C. Roussin, J. M. Fedeli, N. Kernevez, P. Regreny, C. Lagahe-Blanchard, and B. Aspar, "InP dies transferred onto silicon substrate for optical interconnects application," Sensors and Actuators A: Physical 125, 411-414 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Taillaert, F. Van Laere, M. Ayre, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, "Grating couplers for coupling between optical fibers and nanophotonic waveguides," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.  45, 6071-6077 (2006).
[CrossRef]

R. Soref, "The past, present and future of silicon photonics," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1687-1687 (2006).

G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, R. Notzel, and M. Smit, "Laser emission and photodetection in an InP/InGaAsP layer integrated on and coupled to a silicon-on-insulator waveguide circuit," Opt. Express  14, 8154-8159 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. W. Fang, H. Park, O. Cohen, R. Jones, M. J. Paniccia, J. E. Bowers, "Electrically pumped hybrid AlGaInAs-silicon evanescent laser," Opt. Express 14, 9203-9210 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. W. Fang, R. Jones, H. Park, O. Cohen, O. Raday, M. J. Paniccia, and J. E. Bowers, "Integrated AlGaInAs-silicon evanescent racetrack laser and photodetector," Opt. Express 14, 9203-9210 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005

2004

O. Boyraz and B. Jalali, "Demonstration of a silicon Raman laser," Opt. Express 12, 5269 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. De Vries, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. H. den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, "A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers," Nature 432, 206-209 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

M. Sorel, G. Giuliani, A. Scire, R. Miglierina, S. Donati, and P. J. R. Laybourn, "Operating regimes of GaAs-AlGaAs semiconductor ring lasers: experiment and model," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1187-1195 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Seung, K. Djordjev, S. J. Choi, and P. D. Dapkus," Microdisk lasers coupled to output waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1330-1332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

M. T. Hill, E. Frietman, H. de Waardt, G. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, "All fiber-optic neural network using coupled SOA based ring lasers," IEEE Trans. Neural Networks 13, 1504-1513 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000

D. A. B. Miller, "Optical interconnects to silicon," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1312?1317 (2000).

L. Pavesi, L. Dal Negro, C. Mazzoleni, G. Franzò, and F. Priolo, "Optical gain in silicon nanocrystals," Nature 408, 440-444 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

J. Boucart, C. Starck, F Gaborit, A. Plais, N. Bouche, E. Derouin, J. C. Remy, J. Bonnet-Gamard, L. Goldstein, C. Fortin, D. Carpentier, P. Salet, F. Brillouet, and J. Jacquet, "Metamorphic DBR and Tunnel-Junction Injection: A CW RT Monolithic Long-Wavelength VCSEL", IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 5, 520-529 (1999).

1997

B. E. Little, J.-P Laine and S. T. Chu, "Surface-roughness-induced contradirectional coupling in ring and disk resonators," Opt Lett.  22, 4-6 (1997).

T. Baba, M. Fujita, A. Sakai, M. Kihara, and R. Watanabe, "Lasing characteristics of GaInAsP-InP strained quantum-well microdisk injection lasers with diameter of 2-10µm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 878-880 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1993

S. Lombardo, S. Campisano, G. Vandenhoven, A. Cacciato, and A. Polman "A room-temperature Luminescence from Er3+-implanted semi-insulating polycrystalline silicon," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1942-1944 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Aspar, B.

M. Kostrzewa, L. Di Cioccio, M. Zussy, J. C. Roussin, J. M. Fedeli, N. Kernevez, P. Regreny, C. Lagahe-Blanchard, and B. Aspar, "InP dies transferred onto silicon substrate for optical interconnects application," Sensors and Actuators A: Physical 125, 411-414 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ayre, M.

D. Taillaert, F. Van Laere, M. Ayre, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, "Grating couplers for coupling between optical fibers and nanophotonic waveguides," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.  45, 6071-6077 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Baba, T.

T. Baba, M. Fujita, A. Sakai, M. Kihara, and R. Watanabe, "Lasing characteristics of GaInAsP-InP strained quantum-well microdisk injection lasers with diameter of 2-10µm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 878-880 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Baets, R.

P. Rojo Romeo, J. Van Campenhout, P. Regreny, A. Kazmierczak, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, G. Hollinger, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, J. M. Fedeli, and L. Di Cioccio, "Heterogeneous integration of electrically driven microdisk based laser sources for optical interconnects and photonic ICs," Opt Express 14, 3864-3871 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Taillaert, F. Van Laere, M. Ayre, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, "Grating couplers for coupling between optical fibers and nanophotonic waveguides," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.  45, 6071-6077 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. Roelkens, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, R. Notzel, and M. Smit, "Laser emission and photodetection in an InP/InGaAsP layer integrated on and coupled to a silicon-on-insulator waveguide circuit," Opt. Express  14, 8154-8159 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, P. Dumon, V. Wiaux, S. Beckx, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, J. Van Campenhout, P. Bienstman, and D. Van Thourhout, "Nanophotonic waveguides in silicon-on-insulator fabricated with CMOS technology," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 401-412 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Van Campenhout, P. Rojo Romeo, D. Van Thourhout, C. Seassal, P. Regreny, L. Di Cioccio, J. M. Fedeli, and R. Baets, "Thermal characterisation of electrically injected thin-film InGaAsP microdisk lasers on Si," J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

Beckx, S.

Bienstman, P.

D. Taillaert, F. Van Laere, M. Ayre, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, "Grating couplers for coupling between optical fibers and nanophotonic waveguides," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.  45, 6071-6077 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, P. Dumon, V. Wiaux, S. Beckx, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, J. Van Campenhout, P. Bienstman, and D. Van Thourhout, "Nanophotonic waveguides in silicon-on-insulator fabricated with CMOS technology," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 401-412 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Binsma, H.

M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. De Vries, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. H. den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, "A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers," Nature 432, 206-209 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bogaerts, W.

D. Taillaert, F. Van Laere, M. Ayre, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, "Grating couplers for coupling between optical fibers and nanophotonic waveguides," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.  45, 6071-6077 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, P. Dumon, V. Wiaux, S. Beckx, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, J. Van Campenhout, P. Bienstman, and D. Van Thourhout, "Nanophotonic waveguides in silicon-on-insulator fabricated with CMOS technology," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 401-412 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bonnet-Gamard, J.

J. Boucart, C. Starck, F Gaborit, A. Plais, N. Bouche, E. Derouin, J. C. Remy, J. Bonnet-Gamard, L. Goldstein, C. Fortin, D. Carpentier, P. Salet, F. Brillouet, and J. Jacquet, "Metamorphic DBR and Tunnel-Junction Injection: A CW RT Monolithic Long-Wavelength VCSEL", IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 5, 520-529 (1999).

Boucart, J.

J. Boucart, C. Starck, F Gaborit, A. Plais, N. Bouche, E. Derouin, J. C. Remy, J. Bonnet-Gamard, L. Goldstein, C. Fortin, D. Carpentier, P. Salet, F. Brillouet, and J. Jacquet, "Metamorphic DBR and Tunnel-Junction Injection: A CW RT Monolithic Long-Wavelength VCSEL", IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 5, 520-529 (1999).

Bouche, N.

J. Boucart, C. Starck, F Gaborit, A. Plais, N. Bouche, E. Derouin, J. C. Remy, J. Bonnet-Gamard, L. Goldstein, C. Fortin, D. Carpentier, P. Salet, F. Brillouet, and J. Jacquet, "Metamorphic DBR and Tunnel-Junction Injection: A CW RT Monolithic Long-Wavelength VCSEL", IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 5, 520-529 (1999).

Bowers, J. E.

Boyraz, O.

Brillouet, F.

J. Boucart, C. Starck, F Gaborit, A. Plais, N. Bouche, E. Derouin, J. C. Remy, J. Bonnet-Gamard, L. Goldstein, C. Fortin, D. Carpentier, P. Salet, F. Brillouet, and J. Jacquet, "Metamorphic DBR and Tunnel-Junction Injection: A CW RT Monolithic Long-Wavelength VCSEL", IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 5, 520-529 (1999).

Cacciato, A.

S. Lombardo, S. Campisano, G. Vandenhoven, A. Cacciato, and A. Polman "A room-temperature Luminescence from Er3+-implanted semi-insulating polycrystalline silicon," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1942-1944 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Campisano, S.

S. Lombardo, S. Campisano, G. Vandenhoven, A. Cacciato, and A. Polman "A room-temperature Luminescence from Er3+-implanted semi-insulating polycrystalline silicon," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1942-1944 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Carpentier, D.

J. Boucart, C. Starck, F Gaborit, A. Plais, N. Bouche, E. Derouin, J. C. Remy, J. Bonnet-Gamard, L. Goldstein, C. Fortin, D. Carpentier, P. Salet, F. Brillouet, and J. Jacquet, "Metamorphic DBR and Tunnel-Junction Injection: A CW RT Monolithic Long-Wavelength VCSEL", IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 5, 520-529 (1999).

Choi, S. J.

C. J. Seung, K. Djordjev, S. J. Choi, and P. D. Dapkus," Microdisk lasers coupled to output waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1330-1332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chu, S. T.

B. E. Little, J.-P Laine and S. T. Chu, "Surface-roughness-induced contradirectional coupling in ring and disk resonators," Opt Lett.  22, 4-6 (1997).

Cohen, O.

Dal Negro, L.

L. Pavesi, L. Dal Negro, C. Mazzoleni, G. Franzò, and F. Priolo, "Optical gain in silicon nanocrystals," Nature 408, 440-444 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dapkus, P. D.

C. J. Seung, K. Djordjev, S. J. Choi, and P. D. Dapkus," Microdisk lasers coupled to output waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1330-1332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

De Vries, T.

M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. De Vries, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. H. den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, "A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers," Nature 432, 206-209 (2004).
[CrossRef]

de Waardt, H.

M. T. Hill, E. Frietman, H. de Waardt, G. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, "All fiber-optic neural network using coupled SOA based ring lasers," IEEE Trans. Neural Networks 13, 1504-1513 (2002).
[CrossRef]

den Besten, J. H.

M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. De Vries, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. H. den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, "A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers," Nature 432, 206-209 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Derouin, E.

J. Boucart, C. Starck, F Gaborit, A. Plais, N. Bouche, E. Derouin, J. C. Remy, J. Bonnet-Gamard, L. Goldstein, C. Fortin, D. Carpentier, P. Salet, F. Brillouet, and J. Jacquet, "Metamorphic DBR and Tunnel-Junction Injection: A CW RT Monolithic Long-Wavelength VCSEL", IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 5, 520-529 (1999).

Di Cioccio, L.

H. T. Hattori, C. Seassal, E. Touraille, P. Rojo Romeo, X. Letartre, G. Hollinger, P. Viktorovitch, L. Di Cioccio, M. Zussy, L. El Melhaoui, and J. M. Fedeli, "Heterogeneous integration of microdisk lasers on silicon strip waveguides for optical interconnects," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 223-225 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Rojo Romeo, J. Van Campenhout, P. Regreny, A. Kazmierczak, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, G. Hollinger, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, J. M. Fedeli, and L. Di Cioccio, "Heterogeneous integration of electrically driven microdisk based laser sources for optical interconnects and photonic ICs," Opt Express 14, 3864-3871 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. Kostrzewa, L. Di Cioccio, M. Zussy, J. C. Roussin, J. M. Fedeli, N. Kernevez, P. Regreny, C. Lagahe-Blanchard, and B. Aspar, "InP dies transferred onto silicon substrate for optical interconnects application," Sensors and Actuators A: Physical 125, 411-414 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Van Campenhout, P. Rojo Romeo, D. Van Thourhout, C. Seassal, P. Regreny, L. Di Cioccio, J. M. Fedeli, and R. Baets, "Thermal characterisation of electrically injected thin-film InGaAsP microdisk lasers on Si," J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

Djordjev, K.

C. J. Seung, K. Djordjev, S. J. Choi, and P. D. Dapkus," Microdisk lasers coupled to output waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1330-1332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Donati, S.

M. Sorel, G. Giuliani, A. Scire, R. Miglierina, S. Donati, and P. J. R. Laybourn, "Operating regimes of GaAs-AlGaAs semiconductor ring lasers: experiment and model," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1187-1195 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dorren, H. J. S.

M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. De Vries, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. H. den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, "A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers," Nature 432, 206-209 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. T. Hill, E. Frietman, H. de Waardt, G. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, "All fiber-optic neural network using coupled SOA based ring lasers," IEEE Trans. Neural Networks 13, 1504-1513 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dumon, P.

El Melhaoui, L.

H. T. Hattori, C. Seassal, E. Touraille, P. Rojo Romeo, X. Letartre, G. Hollinger, P. Viktorovitch, L. Di Cioccio, M. Zussy, L. El Melhaoui, and J. M. Fedeli, "Heterogeneous integration of microdisk lasers on silicon strip waveguides for optical interconnects," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 223-225 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fang, A.

H. S. Rong, R. Jones, A. S. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. J. Paniccia, "A continuous-wave Raman silicon laser," Nature 433, 725-728 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fang, A. W.

Fedeli, J. M.

M. Kostrzewa, L. Di Cioccio, M. Zussy, J. C. Roussin, J. M. Fedeli, N. Kernevez, P. Regreny, C. Lagahe-Blanchard, and B. Aspar, "InP dies transferred onto silicon substrate for optical interconnects application," Sensors and Actuators A: Physical 125, 411-414 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. T. Hattori, C. Seassal, E. Touraille, P. Rojo Romeo, X. Letartre, G. Hollinger, P. Viktorovitch, L. Di Cioccio, M. Zussy, L. El Melhaoui, and J. M. Fedeli, "Heterogeneous integration of microdisk lasers on silicon strip waveguides for optical interconnects," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 223-225 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Rojo Romeo, J. Van Campenhout, P. Regreny, A. Kazmierczak, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, G. Hollinger, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, J. M. Fedeli, and L. Di Cioccio, "Heterogeneous integration of electrically driven microdisk based laser sources for optical interconnects and photonic ICs," Opt Express 14, 3864-3871 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Van Campenhout, P. Rojo Romeo, D. Van Thourhout, C. Seassal, P. Regreny, L. Di Cioccio, J. M. Fedeli, and R. Baets, "Thermal characterisation of electrically injected thin-film InGaAsP microdisk lasers on Si," J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

Fortin, C.

J. Boucart, C. Starck, F Gaborit, A. Plais, N. Bouche, E. Derouin, J. C. Remy, J. Bonnet-Gamard, L. Goldstein, C. Fortin, D. Carpentier, P. Salet, F. Brillouet, and J. Jacquet, "Metamorphic DBR and Tunnel-Junction Injection: A CW RT Monolithic Long-Wavelength VCSEL", IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 5, 520-529 (1999).

Franzò, G.

L. Pavesi, L. Dal Negro, C. Mazzoleni, G. Franzò, and F. Priolo, "Optical gain in silicon nanocrystals," Nature 408, 440-444 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Frietman, E.

M. T. Hill, E. Frietman, H. de Waardt, G. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, "All fiber-optic neural network using coupled SOA based ring lasers," IEEE Trans. Neural Networks 13, 1504-1513 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fujita, M.

T. Baba, M. Fujita, A. Sakai, M. Kihara, and R. Watanabe, "Lasing characteristics of GaInAsP-InP strained quantum-well microdisk injection lasers with diameter of 2-10µm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 878-880 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Gaborit, F

J. Boucart, C. Starck, F Gaborit, A. Plais, N. Bouche, E. Derouin, J. C. Remy, J. Bonnet-Gamard, L. Goldstein, C. Fortin, D. Carpentier, P. Salet, F. Brillouet, and J. Jacquet, "Metamorphic DBR and Tunnel-Junction Injection: A CW RT Monolithic Long-Wavelength VCSEL", IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 5, 520-529 (1999).

Giuliani, G.

M. Sorel, G. Giuliani, A. Scire, R. Miglierina, S. Donati, and P. J. R. Laybourn, "Operating regimes of GaAs-AlGaAs semiconductor ring lasers: experiment and model," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1187-1195 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Goldstein, L.

J. Boucart, C. Starck, F Gaborit, A. Plais, N. Bouche, E. Derouin, J. C. Remy, J. Bonnet-Gamard, L. Goldstein, C. Fortin, D. Carpentier, P. Salet, F. Brillouet, and J. Jacquet, "Metamorphic DBR and Tunnel-Junction Injection: A CW RT Monolithic Long-Wavelength VCSEL", IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 5, 520-529 (1999).

Hak, D.

H. S. Rong, R. Jones, A. S. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. J. Paniccia, "A continuous-wave Raman silicon laser," Nature 433, 725-728 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hattori, H. T.

H. T. Hattori, C. Seassal, E. Touraille, P. Rojo Romeo, X. Letartre, G. Hollinger, P. Viktorovitch, L. Di Cioccio, M. Zussy, L. El Melhaoui, and J. M. Fedeli, "Heterogeneous integration of microdisk lasers on silicon strip waveguides for optical interconnects," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 223-225 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hill, M. T.

M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. De Vries, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. H. den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, "A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers," Nature 432, 206-209 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. T. Hill, E. Frietman, H. de Waardt, G. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, "All fiber-optic neural network using coupled SOA based ring lasers," IEEE Trans. Neural Networks 13, 1504-1513 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hollinger, G.

H. T. Hattori, C. Seassal, E. Touraille, P. Rojo Romeo, X. Letartre, G. Hollinger, P. Viktorovitch, L. Di Cioccio, M. Zussy, L. El Melhaoui, and J. M. Fedeli, "Heterogeneous integration of microdisk lasers on silicon strip waveguides for optical interconnects," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 223-225 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Rojo Romeo, J. Van Campenhout, P. Regreny, A. Kazmierczak, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, G. Hollinger, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, J. M. Fedeli, and L. Di Cioccio, "Heterogeneous integration of electrically driven microdisk based laser sources for optical interconnects and photonic ICs," Opt Express 14, 3864-3871 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Jacquet, J.

J. Boucart, C. Starck, F Gaborit, A. Plais, N. Bouche, E. Derouin, J. C. Remy, J. Bonnet-Gamard, L. Goldstein, C. Fortin, D. Carpentier, P. Salet, F. Brillouet, and J. Jacquet, "Metamorphic DBR and Tunnel-Junction Injection: A CW RT Monolithic Long-Wavelength VCSEL", IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 5, 520-529 (1999).

Jalali, B.

Jones, R.

Kazmierczak, A.

P. Rojo Romeo, J. Van Campenhout, P. Regreny, A. Kazmierczak, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, G. Hollinger, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, J. M. Fedeli, and L. Di Cioccio, "Heterogeneous integration of electrically driven microdisk based laser sources for optical interconnects and photonic ICs," Opt Express 14, 3864-3871 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kernevez, N.

M. Kostrzewa, L. Di Cioccio, M. Zussy, J. C. Roussin, J. M. Fedeli, N. Kernevez, P. Regreny, C. Lagahe-Blanchard, and B. Aspar, "InP dies transferred onto silicon substrate for optical interconnects application," Sensors and Actuators A: Physical 125, 411-414 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Khoe, G.

M. T. Hill, E. Frietman, H. de Waardt, G. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, "All fiber-optic neural network using coupled SOA based ring lasers," IEEE Trans. Neural Networks 13, 1504-1513 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Khoe, G. D.

M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. De Vries, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. H. den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, "A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers," Nature 432, 206-209 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kihara, M.

T. Baba, M. Fujita, A. Sakai, M. Kihara, and R. Watanabe, "Lasing characteristics of GaInAsP-InP strained quantum-well microdisk injection lasers with diameter of 2-10µm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 878-880 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kostrzewa, M.

M. Kostrzewa, L. Di Cioccio, M. Zussy, J. C. Roussin, J. M. Fedeli, N. Kernevez, P. Regreny, C. Lagahe-Blanchard, and B. Aspar, "InP dies transferred onto silicon substrate for optical interconnects application," Sensors and Actuators A: Physical 125, 411-414 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lagahe-Blanchard, C.

M. Kostrzewa, L. Di Cioccio, M. Zussy, J. C. Roussin, J. M. Fedeli, N. Kernevez, P. Regreny, C. Lagahe-Blanchard, and B. Aspar, "InP dies transferred onto silicon substrate for optical interconnects application," Sensors and Actuators A: Physical 125, 411-414 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Laine, J.-P

B. E. Little, J.-P Laine and S. T. Chu, "Surface-roughness-induced contradirectional coupling in ring and disk resonators," Opt Lett.  22, 4-6 (1997).

Laybourn, P. J. R.

M. Sorel, G. Giuliani, A. Scire, R. Miglierina, S. Donati, and P. J. R. Laybourn, "Operating regimes of GaAs-AlGaAs semiconductor ring lasers: experiment and model," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1187-1195 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Leijtens, X. J. M.

M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. De Vries, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. H. den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, "A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers," Nature 432, 206-209 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Letartre, X.

H. T. Hattori, C. Seassal, E. Touraille, P. Rojo Romeo, X. Letartre, G. Hollinger, P. Viktorovitch, L. Di Cioccio, M. Zussy, L. El Melhaoui, and J. M. Fedeli, "Heterogeneous integration of microdisk lasers on silicon strip waveguides for optical interconnects," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 223-225 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Rojo Romeo, J. Van Campenhout, P. Regreny, A. Kazmierczak, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, G. Hollinger, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, J. M. Fedeli, and L. Di Cioccio, "Heterogeneous integration of electrically driven microdisk based laser sources for optical interconnects and photonic ICs," Opt Express 14, 3864-3871 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Little, B. E.

B. E. Little, J.-P Laine and S. T. Chu, "Surface-roughness-induced contradirectional coupling in ring and disk resonators," Opt Lett.  22, 4-6 (1997).

Liu, A. S.

H. S. Rong, R. Jones, A. S. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. J. Paniccia, "A continuous-wave Raman silicon laser," Nature 433, 725-728 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lombardo, S.

S. Lombardo, S. Campisano, G. Vandenhoven, A. Cacciato, and A. Polman "A room-temperature Luminescence from Er3+-implanted semi-insulating polycrystalline silicon," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1942-1944 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Luyssaert, B.

Mazzoleni, C.

L. Pavesi, L. Dal Negro, C. Mazzoleni, G. Franzò, and F. Priolo, "Optical gain in silicon nanocrystals," Nature 408, 440-444 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Miglierina, R.

M. Sorel, G. Giuliani, A. Scire, R. Miglierina, S. Donati, and P. J. R. Laybourn, "Operating regimes of GaAs-AlGaAs semiconductor ring lasers: experiment and model," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1187-1195 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Miller, D. A. B.

D. A. B. Miller, "Optical interconnects to silicon," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1312?1317 (2000).

Notzel, R.

Oei, Y. S.

M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. De Vries, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. H. den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, "A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers," Nature 432, 206-209 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Paniccia, M. J.

Park, H.

Pavesi, L.

L. Pavesi, L. Dal Negro, C. Mazzoleni, G. Franzò, and F. Priolo, "Optical gain in silicon nanocrystals," Nature 408, 440-444 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Plais, A.

J. Boucart, C. Starck, F Gaborit, A. Plais, N. Bouche, E. Derouin, J. C. Remy, J. Bonnet-Gamard, L. Goldstein, C. Fortin, D. Carpentier, P. Salet, F. Brillouet, and J. Jacquet, "Metamorphic DBR and Tunnel-Junction Injection: A CW RT Monolithic Long-Wavelength VCSEL", IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 5, 520-529 (1999).

Polman, A.

S. Lombardo, S. Campisano, G. Vandenhoven, A. Cacciato, and A. Polman "A room-temperature Luminescence from Er3+-implanted semi-insulating polycrystalline silicon," Appl. Phys. Lett. 63, 1942-1944 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Priolo, F.

L. Pavesi, L. Dal Negro, C. Mazzoleni, G. Franzò, and F. Priolo, "Optical gain in silicon nanocrystals," Nature 408, 440-444 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Raday, O.

Regreny, P.

M. Kostrzewa, L. Di Cioccio, M. Zussy, J. C. Roussin, J. M. Fedeli, N. Kernevez, P. Regreny, C. Lagahe-Blanchard, and B. Aspar, "InP dies transferred onto silicon substrate for optical interconnects application," Sensors and Actuators A: Physical 125, 411-414 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Rojo Romeo, J. Van Campenhout, P. Regreny, A. Kazmierczak, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, G. Hollinger, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, J. M. Fedeli, and L. Di Cioccio, "Heterogeneous integration of electrically driven microdisk based laser sources for optical interconnects and photonic ICs," Opt Express 14, 3864-3871 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Van Campenhout, P. Rojo Romeo, D. Van Thourhout, C. Seassal, P. Regreny, L. Di Cioccio, J. M. Fedeli, and R. Baets, "Thermal characterisation of electrically injected thin-film InGaAsP microdisk lasers on Si," J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

Remy, J. C.

J. Boucart, C. Starck, F Gaborit, A. Plais, N. Bouche, E. Derouin, J. C. Remy, J. Bonnet-Gamard, L. Goldstein, C. Fortin, D. Carpentier, P. Salet, F. Brillouet, and J. Jacquet, "Metamorphic DBR and Tunnel-Junction Injection: A CW RT Monolithic Long-Wavelength VCSEL", IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 5, 520-529 (1999).

Roelkens, G.

Rojo Romeo, P.

H. T. Hattori, C. Seassal, E. Touraille, P. Rojo Romeo, X. Letartre, G. Hollinger, P. Viktorovitch, L. Di Cioccio, M. Zussy, L. El Melhaoui, and J. M. Fedeli, "Heterogeneous integration of microdisk lasers on silicon strip waveguides for optical interconnects," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 223-225 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P. Rojo Romeo, J. Van Campenhout, P. Regreny, A. Kazmierczak, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, G. Hollinger, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, J. M. Fedeli, and L. Di Cioccio, "Heterogeneous integration of electrically driven microdisk based laser sources for optical interconnects and photonic ICs," Opt Express 14, 3864-3871 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Van Campenhout, P. Rojo Romeo, D. Van Thourhout, C. Seassal, P. Regreny, L. Di Cioccio, J. M. Fedeli, and R. Baets, "Thermal characterisation of electrically injected thin-film InGaAsP microdisk lasers on Si," J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

Rong, H. S.

H. S. Rong, R. Jones, A. S. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. J. Paniccia, "A continuous-wave Raman silicon laser," Nature 433, 725-728 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Roussin, J. C.

M. Kostrzewa, L. Di Cioccio, M. Zussy, J. C. Roussin, J. M. Fedeli, N. Kernevez, P. Regreny, C. Lagahe-Blanchard, and B. Aspar, "InP dies transferred onto silicon substrate for optical interconnects application," Sensors and Actuators A: Physical 125, 411-414 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Sakai, A.

T. Baba, M. Fujita, A. Sakai, M. Kihara, and R. Watanabe, "Lasing characteristics of GaInAsP-InP strained quantum-well microdisk injection lasers with diameter of 2-10µm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 878-880 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Salet, P.

J. Boucart, C. Starck, F Gaborit, A. Plais, N. Bouche, E. Derouin, J. C. Remy, J. Bonnet-Gamard, L. Goldstein, C. Fortin, D. Carpentier, P. Salet, F. Brillouet, and J. Jacquet, "Metamorphic DBR and Tunnel-Junction Injection: A CW RT Monolithic Long-Wavelength VCSEL", IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 5, 520-529 (1999).

Scire, A.

M. Sorel, G. Giuliani, A. Scire, R. Miglierina, S. Donati, and P. J. R. Laybourn, "Operating regimes of GaAs-AlGaAs semiconductor ring lasers: experiment and model," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1187-1195 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Seassal, C.

P. Rojo Romeo, J. Van Campenhout, P. Regreny, A. Kazmierczak, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, G. Hollinger, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, J. M. Fedeli, and L. Di Cioccio, "Heterogeneous integration of electrically driven microdisk based laser sources for optical interconnects and photonic ICs," Opt Express 14, 3864-3871 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. T. Hattori, C. Seassal, E. Touraille, P. Rojo Romeo, X. Letartre, G. Hollinger, P. Viktorovitch, L. Di Cioccio, M. Zussy, L. El Melhaoui, and J. M. Fedeli, "Heterogeneous integration of microdisk lasers on silicon strip waveguides for optical interconnects," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 223-225 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Van Campenhout, P. Rojo Romeo, D. Van Thourhout, C. Seassal, P. Regreny, L. Di Cioccio, J. M. Fedeli, and R. Baets, "Thermal characterisation of electrically injected thin-film InGaAsP microdisk lasers on Si," J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

Seung, C. J.

C. J. Seung, K. Djordjev, S. J. Choi, and P. D. Dapkus," Microdisk lasers coupled to output waveguides," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1330-1332 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Smalbrugge, B.

M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. De Vries, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. H. den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, "A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers," Nature 432, 206-209 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Smit, M.

Smit, M. K.

M. T. Hill, H. J. S. Dorren, T. De Vries, X. J. M. Leijtens, J. H. den Besten, B. Smalbrugge, Y. S. Oei, H. Binsma, G. D. Khoe, and M. K. Smit, "A fast low-power optical memory based on coupled micro-ring lasers," Nature 432, 206-209 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Soref, R.

R. Soref, "The past, present and future of silicon photonics," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 12, 1687-1687 (2006).

Sorel, M.

M. Sorel, G. Giuliani, A. Scire, R. Miglierina, S. Donati, and P. J. R. Laybourn, "Operating regimes of GaAs-AlGaAs semiconductor ring lasers: experiment and model," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 1187-1195 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Starck, C.

J. Boucart, C. Starck, F Gaborit, A. Plais, N. Bouche, E. Derouin, J. C. Remy, J. Bonnet-Gamard, L. Goldstein, C. Fortin, D. Carpentier, P. Salet, F. Brillouet, and J. Jacquet, "Metamorphic DBR and Tunnel-Junction Injection: A CW RT Monolithic Long-Wavelength VCSEL", IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron 5, 520-529 (1999).

Taillaert, D.

D. Taillaert, F. Van Laere, M. Ayre, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, "Grating couplers for coupling between optical fibers and nanophotonic waveguides," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.  45, 6071-6077 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, P. Dumon, V. Wiaux, S. Beckx, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, J. Van Campenhout, P. Bienstman, and D. Van Thourhout, "Nanophotonic waveguides in silicon-on-insulator fabricated with CMOS technology," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 401-412 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Touraille, E.

H. T. Hattori, C. Seassal, E. Touraille, P. Rojo Romeo, X. Letartre, G. Hollinger, P. Viktorovitch, L. Di Cioccio, M. Zussy, L. El Melhaoui, and J. M. Fedeli, "Heterogeneous integration of microdisk lasers on silicon strip waveguides for optical interconnects," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 223-225 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Van Campenhout, J.

P. Rojo Romeo, J. Van Campenhout, P. Regreny, A. Kazmierczak, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, G. Hollinger, D. Van Thourhout, R. Baets, J. M. Fedeli, and L. Di Cioccio, "Heterogeneous integration of electrically driven microdisk based laser sources for optical interconnects and photonic ICs," Opt Express 14, 3864-3871 (2006).
[CrossRef]

W. Bogaerts, R. Baets, P. Dumon, V. Wiaux, S. Beckx, D. Taillaert, B. Luyssaert, J. Van Campenhout, P. Bienstman, and D. Van Thourhout, "Nanophotonic waveguides in silicon-on-insulator fabricated with CMOS technology," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 401-412 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Van Campenhout, P. Rojo Romeo, D. Van Thourhout, C. Seassal, P. Regreny, L. Di Cioccio, J. M. Fedeli, and R. Baets, "Thermal characterisation of electrically injected thin-film InGaAsP microdisk lasers on Si," J. Lightwave Technol. (to be published).

Van Laere, F.

D. Taillaert, F. Van Laere, M. Ayre, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, "Grating couplers for coupling between optical fibers and nanophotonic waveguides," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.  45, 6071-6077 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Van Thourhout, D.

D. Taillaert, F. Van Laere, M. Ayre, W. Bogaerts, D. Van Thourhout, P. Bienstman, and R. Baets, "Grating couplers for coupling between optical fibers and nanophotonic waveguides," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.  45, 6071-6077 (2006).
[CrossRef]

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