Abstract

Gold nanoparticles functionalized with antibodies can specifically bind to molecular biomarkers such as epithelial growth factor receptor (EGFR). The molecule specific nature of the antibody-functionalized gold nanoparticles forms the basis for the developed optoacoustic imaging technique to detect cancer at an asymptotic stage. Optoacoustic imaging was performed with 532 nm and 680 nm pulsed laser irradiation on three-dimensional tissue phantoms prepared using a human keratinocyte cell line. The results of our study demonstrate that the combination of anti-EGFR gold bioconjugates and optoacoustic imaging can allow highly sensitive and selective detection of human epithelial cancer cells.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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2007

S. Kumar, N. Harrison, R. Richards-Kortum, and K. Sokolov, "Plasmonic nanosensors for imaging intracellular biomarkers in live cells," Nano Lett.10.1021/nl070365i (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004

J. A. Copland, M. Eghtedari, V. L. Popov, N. Kotov, N. Mamedova, M. Motamedi, and A. A. Oraevsky, "Bioconjugated gold nanoparticles as a molecular based contrast agent: Implications for imaging of deep tumors using optoacoustic tomography," Mol. Imaging Biol. 6, 341-349 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Sokolov, L. T. Nieman, A. Myakov, and A. Gillenwater, "Polarized reflectance spectroscopy for pre-cancer detection," Technol. Cancer Res. Treat. 3, 1-14 (2004).
[PubMed]

2003

L. R. Hirsch, R. J. Stafford, J. A. Bankson, S. R. Sershen, B. Rivera, R. E. Price, J. D. Hazle, N. J. Halas, and J. L. West, "Nanoshell-mediated near-infrared thermal therapy of tumors under magnetic resonance guidance," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U S A. 100, 13549-13554 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. M. Pitsillides, E. K. Joe, X. Wei, R. R. Anderson, and C. P. Lin, "Selective cell targeting with light-absorbing microparticles and nanoparticles," Biophys. J. 84, 4023-4032 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Sokolov, M. Follen, J. Aaron, I. Pavlova, A. Malpica, R. Lotan, and R. Richards-Kortum, "Real-time vital optical imaging of precancer using anti-epidermal growth factor receptor antibodies conjugated to gold nanoparticles," Cancer Res. 63, 1999-2004 (2003).
[PubMed]

K. Sokolov, J. Aaron, B. Hsu, D. Nida, A. Gillenwater, M. Follen, C. MacAulay, K. Adler-Storthz, B. Korgel, M. Descour, R. Pasqualini, W. Arap, W. Lam, and R. Richards-Kortum, "Optical systems for in vivo molecular imaging of cancer," Technol. Cancer Res. Treat. 2, 491-504 (2003).
[PubMed]

1999

S. J. Oldenburg, J. B. Jackson, S. L. Westcott, and N. J. Halas, "Infrared extinction properties of gold nanoshells," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2897-2899 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. Todd and D. T. W. Wong, "Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) biology and human oral cancer," Histol. Histopathol. 14, 491-500 (1999).
[PubMed]

1993

H. Masui, L. Castro, and J. Mendelsohn, "Consumption of EGF by A431 cells: evidence for receptor recycling," J. Cell. Biol. 120, 85-93 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1981

M. Horisberger, "Colloidal gold: a cytochemical marker for light and fluorescent microscopy and for transmission and scanning electron microscopy," Scan. Electron Microsc. 2, 9-31 (1981).

1977

W. D. Geoghegan and G. A. Ackerman, "Adsorption of horseradish peroxidase, ovomucoid and antiimmunoglobulin to colloidal gold for the indirect detection of concanavalin A, wheat germ agglutinin and goat antihuman immunoglobulin G on cell surfaces at the electron microscopic level: a new method, theory and application," J. Histochem. Cytochem. 25, 1187-1200 (1977).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Aaron, J.

K. Sokolov, M. Follen, J. Aaron, I. Pavlova, A. Malpica, R. Lotan, and R. Richards-Kortum, "Real-time vital optical imaging of precancer using anti-epidermal growth factor receptor antibodies conjugated to gold nanoparticles," Cancer Res. 63, 1999-2004 (2003).
[PubMed]

K. Sokolov, J. Aaron, B. Hsu, D. Nida, A. Gillenwater, M. Follen, C. MacAulay, K. Adler-Storthz, B. Korgel, M. Descour, R. Pasqualini, W. Arap, W. Lam, and R. Richards-Kortum, "Optical systems for in vivo molecular imaging of cancer," Technol. Cancer Res. Treat. 2, 491-504 (2003).
[PubMed]

Aaron, J. S.

J. S. Aaron, N. Nitin, K. Travis, S. Kumar, T. Collier, S. Y. Park, M. José-Yacamán, L. Coghlan, M. Follen, R. Richards-Kortum, and K. V. Sokolov, "Plasmon resonance coupling of metal nanoparticles for molecular imaging of carcinogenesis in vivo," J. Biomed. Opt. (to be published).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ackerman, G. A.

W. D. Geoghegan and G. A. Ackerman, "Adsorption of horseradish peroxidase, ovomucoid and antiimmunoglobulin to colloidal gold for the indirect detection of concanavalin A, wheat germ agglutinin and goat antihuman immunoglobulin G on cell surfaces at the electron microscopic level: a new method, theory and application," J. Histochem. Cytochem. 25, 1187-1200 (1977).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Adler-Storthz, K.

K. Sokolov, J. Aaron, B. Hsu, D. Nida, A. Gillenwater, M. Follen, C. MacAulay, K. Adler-Storthz, B. Korgel, M. Descour, R. Pasqualini, W. Arap, W. Lam, and R. Richards-Kortum, "Optical systems for in vivo molecular imaging of cancer," Technol. Cancer Res. Treat. 2, 491-504 (2003).
[PubMed]

Anderson, R. R.

C. M. Pitsillides, E. K. Joe, X. Wei, R. R. Anderson, and C. P. Lin, "Selective cell targeting with light-absorbing microparticles and nanoparticles," Biophys. J. 84, 4023-4032 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arap, W.

K. Sokolov, J. Aaron, B. Hsu, D. Nida, A. Gillenwater, M. Follen, C. MacAulay, K. Adler-Storthz, B. Korgel, M. Descour, R. Pasqualini, W. Arap, W. Lam, and R. Richards-Kortum, "Optical systems for in vivo molecular imaging of cancer," Technol. Cancer Res. Treat. 2, 491-504 (2003).
[PubMed]

Bankson, J. A.

L. R. Hirsch, R. J. Stafford, J. A. Bankson, S. R. Sershen, B. Rivera, R. E. Price, J. D. Hazle, N. J. Halas, and J. L. West, "Nanoshell-mediated near-infrared thermal therapy of tumors under magnetic resonance guidance," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U S A. 100, 13549-13554 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Castro, L.

H. Masui, L. Castro, and J. Mendelsohn, "Consumption of EGF by A431 cells: evidence for receptor recycling," J. Cell. Biol. 120, 85-93 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Coghlan, L.

J. S. Aaron, N. Nitin, K. Travis, S. Kumar, T. Collier, S. Y. Park, M. José-Yacamán, L. Coghlan, M. Follen, R. Richards-Kortum, and K. V. Sokolov, "Plasmon resonance coupling of metal nanoparticles for molecular imaging of carcinogenesis in vivo," J. Biomed. Opt. (to be published).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Collier, T.

J. S. Aaron, N. Nitin, K. Travis, S. Kumar, T. Collier, S. Y. Park, M. José-Yacamán, L. Coghlan, M. Follen, R. Richards-Kortum, and K. V. Sokolov, "Plasmon resonance coupling of metal nanoparticles for molecular imaging of carcinogenesis in vivo," J. Biomed. Opt. (to be published).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Copland, J. A.

J. A. Copland, M. Eghtedari, V. L. Popov, N. Kotov, N. Mamedova, M. Motamedi, and A. A. Oraevsky, "Bioconjugated gold nanoparticles as a molecular based contrast agent: Implications for imaging of deep tumors using optoacoustic tomography," Mol. Imaging Biol. 6, 341-349 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Descour, M.

K. Sokolov, J. Aaron, B. Hsu, D. Nida, A. Gillenwater, M. Follen, C. MacAulay, K. Adler-Storthz, B. Korgel, M. Descour, R. Pasqualini, W. Arap, W. Lam, and R. Richards-Kortum, "Optical systems for in vivo molecular imaging of cancer," Technol. Cancer Res. Treat. 2, 491-504 (2003).
[PubMed]

Eghtedari, M.

J. A. Copland, M. Eghtedari, V. L. Popov, N. Kotov, N. Mamedova, M. Motamedi, and A. A. Oraevsky, "Bioconjugated gold nanoparticles as a molecular based contrast agent: Implications for imaging of deep tumors using optoacoustic tomography," Mol. Imaging Biol. 6, 341-349 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Follen, M.

K. Sokolov, M. Follen, J. Aaron, I. Pavlova, A. Malpica, R. Lotan, and R. Richards-Kortum, "Real-time vital optical imaging of precancer using anti-epidermal growth factor receptor antibodies conjugated to gold nanoparticles," Cancer Res. 63, 1999-2004 (2003).
[PubMed]

K. Sokolov, J. Aaron, B. Hsu, D. Nida, A. Gillenwater, M. Follen, C. MacAulay, K. Adler-Storthz, B. Korgel, M. Descour, R. Pasqualini, W. Arap, W. Lam, and R. Richards-Kortum, "Optical systems for in vivo molecular imaging of cancer," Technol. Cancer Res. Treat. 2, 491-504 (2003).
[PubMed]

J. S. Aaron, N. Nitin, K. Travis, S. Kumar, T. Collier, S. Y. Park, M. José-Yacamán, L. Coghlan, M. Follen, R. Richards-Kortum, and K. V. Sokolov, "Plasmon resonance coupling of metal nanoparticles for molecular imaging of carcinogenesis in vivo," J. Biomed. Opt. (to be published).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Geoghegan, W. D.

W. D. Geoghegan and G. A. Ackerman, "Adsorption of horseradish peroxidase, ovomucoid and antiimmunoglobulin to colloidal gold for the indirect detection of concanavalin A, wheat germ agglutinin and goat antihuman immunoglobulin G on cell surfaces at the electron microscopic level: a new method, theory and application," J. Histochem. Cytochem. 25, 1187-1200 (1977).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gillenwater, A.

K. Sokolov, L. T. Nieman, A. Myakov, and A. Gillenwater, "Polarized reflectance spectroscopy for pre-cancer detection," Technol. Cancer Res. Treat. 3, 1-14 (2004).
[PubMed]

K. Sokolov, J. Aaron, B. Hsu, D. Nida, A. Gillenwater, M. Follen, C. MacAulay, K. Adler-Storthz, B. Korgel, M. Descour, R. Pasqualini, W. Arap, W. Lam, and R. Richards-Kortum, "Optical systems for in vivo molecular imaging of cancer," Technol. Cancer Res. Treat. 2, 491-504 (2003).
[PubMed]

Halas, N. J.

L. R. Hirsch, R. J. Stafford, J. A. Bankson, S. R. Sershen, B. Rivera, R. E. Price, J. D. Hazle, N. J. Halas, and J. L. West, "Nanoshell-mediated near-infrared thermal therapy of tumors under magnetic resonance guidance," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U S A. 100, 13549-13554 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. J. Oldenburg, J. B. Jackson, S. L. Westcott, and N. J. Halas, "Infrared extinction properties of gold nanoshells," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2897-2899 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Harrison, N.

S. Kumar, N. Harrison, R. Richards-Kortum, and K. Sokolov, "Plasmonic nanosensors for imaging intracellular biomarkers in live cells," Nano Lett.10.1021/nl070365i (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hazle, J. D.

L. R. Hirsch, R. J. Stafford, J. A. Bankson, S. R. Sershen, B. Rivera, R. E. Price, J. D. Hazle, N. J. Halas, and J. L. West, "Nanoshell-mediated near-infrared thermal therapy of tumors under magnetic resonance guidance," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U S A. 100, 13549-13554 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hirsch, L. R.

L. R. Hirsch, R. J. Stafford, J. A. Bankson, S. R. Sershen, B. Rivera, R. E. Price, J. D. Hazle, N. J. Halas, and J. L. West, "Nanoshell-mediated near-infrared thermal therapy of tumors under magnetic resonance guidance," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U S A. 100, 13549-13554 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Horisberger, M.

M. Horisberger, "Colloidal gold: a cytochemical marker for light and fluorescent microscopy and for transmission and scanning electron microscopy," Scan. Electron Microsc. 2, 9-31 (1981).

Hsu, B.

K. Sokolov, J. Aaron, B. Hsu, D. Nida, A. Gillenwater, M. Follen, C. MacAulay, K. Adler-Storthz, B. Korgel, M. Descour, R. Pasqualini, W. Arap, W. Lam, and R. Richards-Kortum, "Optical systems for in vivo molecular imaging of cancer," Technol. Cancer Res. Treat. 2, 491-504 (2003).
[PubMed]

Jackson, J. B.

S. J. Oldenburg, J. B. Jackson, S. L. Westcott, and N. J. Halas, "Infrared extinction properties of gold nanoshells," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2897-2899 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Joe, E. K.

C. M. Pitsillides, E. K. Joe, X. Wei, R. R. Anderson, and C. P. Lin, "Selective cell targeting with light-absorbing microparticles and nanoparticles," Biophys. J. 84, 4023-4032 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

José-Yacamán, M.

J. S. Aaron, N. Nitin, K. Travis, S. Kumar, T. Collier, S. Y. Park, M. José-Yacamán, L. Coghlan, M. Follen, R. Richards-Kortum, and K. V. Sokolov, "Plasmon resonance coupling of metal nanoparticles for molecular imaging of carcinogenesis in vivo," J. Biomed. Opt. (to be published).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Korgel, B.

K. Sokolov, J. Aaron, B. Hsu, D. Nida, A. Gillenwater, M. Follen, C. MacAulay, K. Adler-Storthz, B. Korgel, M. Descour, R. Pasqualini, W. Arap, W. Lam, and R. Richards-Kortum, "Optical systems for in vivo molecular imaging of cancer," Technol. Cancer Res. Treat. 2, 491-504 (2003).
[PubMed]

Kotov, N.

J. A. Copland, M. Eghtedari, V. L. Popov, N. Kotov, N. Mamedova, M. Motamedi, and A. A. Oraevsky, "Bioconjugated gold nanoparticles as a molecular based contrast agent: Implications for imaging of deep tumors using optoacoustic tomography," Mol. Imaging Biol. 6, 341-349 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kumar, S.

S. Kumar, N. Harrison, R. Richards-Kortum, and K. Sokolov, "Plasmonic nanosensors for imaging intracellular biomarkers in live cells," Nano Lett.10.1021/nl070365i (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. S. Aaron, N. Nitin, K. Travis, S. Kumar, T. Collier, S. Y. Park, M. José-Yacamán, L. Coghlan, M. Follen, R. Richards-Kortum, and K. V. Sokolov, "Plasmon resonance coupling of metal nanoparticles for molecular imaging of carcinogenesis in vivo," J. Biomed. Opt. (to be published).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lam, W.

K. Sokolov, J. Aaron, B. Hsu, D. Nida, A. Gillenwater, M. Follen, C. MacAulay, K. Adler-Storthz, B. Korgel, M. Descour, R. Pasqualini, W. Arap, W. Lam, and R. Richards-Kortum, "Optical systems for in vivo molecular imaging of cancer," Technol. Cancer Res. Treat. 2, 491-504 (2003).
[PubMed]

Lin, C. P.

C. M. Pitsillides, E. K. Joe, X. Wei, R. R. Anderson, and C. P. Lin, "Selective cell targeting with light-absorbing microparticles and nanoparticles," Biophys. J. 84, 4023-4032 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lotan, R.

K. Sokolov, M. Follen, J. Aaron, I. Pavlova, A. Malpica, R. Lotan, and R. Richards-Kortum, "Real-time vital optical imaging of precancer using anti-epidermal growth factor receptor antibodies conjugated to gold nanoparticles," Cancer Res. 63, 1999-2004 (2003).
[PubMed]

MacAulay, C.

K. Sokolov, J. Aaron, B. Hsu, D. Nida, A. Gillenwater, M. Follen, C. MacAulay, K. Adler-Storthz, B. Korgel, M. Descour, R. Pasqualini, W. Arap, W. Lam, and R. Richards-Kortum, "Optical systems for in vivo molecular imaging of cancer," Technol. Cancer Res. Treat. 2, 491-504 (2003).
[PubMed]

Malpica, A.

K. Sokolov, M. Follen, J. Aaron, I. Pavlova, A. Malpica, R. Lotan, and R. Richards-Kortum, "Real-time vital optical imaging of precancer using anti-epidermal growth factor receptor antibodies conjugated to gold nanoparticles," Cancer Res. 63, 1999-2004 (2003).
[PubMed]

Mamedova, N.

J. A. Copland, M. Eghtedari, V. L. Popov, N. Kotov, N. Mamedova, M. Motamedi, and A. A. Oraevsky, "Bioconjugated gold nanoparticles as a molecular based contrast agent: Implications for imaging of deep tumors using optoacoustic tomography," Mol. Imaging Biol. 6, 341-349 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Masui, H.

H. Masui, L. Castro, and J. Mendelsohn, "Consumption of EGF by A431 cells: evidence for receptor recycling," J. Cell. Biol. 120, 85-93 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mendelsohn, J.

H. Masui, L. Castro, and J. Mendelsohn, "Consumption of EGF by A431 cells: evidence for receptor recycling," J. Cell. Biol. 120, 85-93 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Motamedi, M.

J. A. Copland, M. Eghtedari, V. L. Popov, N. Kotov, N. Mamedova, M. Motamedi, and A. A. Oraevsky, "Bioconjugated gold nanoparticles as a molecular based contrast agent: Implications for imaging of deep tumors using optoacoustic tomography," Mol. Imaging Biol. 6, 341-349 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Myakov, A.

K. Sokolov, L. T. Nieman, A. Myakov, and A. Gillenwater, "Polarized reflectance spectroscopy for pre-cancer detection," Technol. Cancer Res. Treat. 3, 1-14 (2004).
[PubMed]

Nida, D.

K. Sokolov, J. Aaron, B. Hsu, D. Nida, A. Gillenwater, M. Follen, C. MacAulay, K. Adler-Storthz, B. Korgel, M. Descour, R. Pasqualini, W. Arap, W. Lam, and R. Richards-Kortum, "Optical systems for in vivo molecular imaging of cancer," Technol. Cancer Res. Treat. 2, 491-504 (2003).
[PubMed]

Nieman, L. T.

K. Sokolov, L. T. Nieman, A. Myakov, and A. Gillenwater, "Polarized reflectance spectroscopy for pre-cancer detection," Technol. Cancer Res. Treat. 3, 1-14 (2004).
[PubMed]

Nitin, N.

J. S. Aaron, N. Nitin, K. Travis, S. Kumar, T. Collier, S. Y. Park, M. José-Yacamán, L. Coghlan, M. Follen, R. Richards-Kortum, and K. V. Sokolov, "Plasmon resonance coupling of metal nanoparticles for molecular imaging of carcinogenesis in vivo," J. Biomed. Opt. (to be published).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oldenburg, S. J.

S. J. Oldenburg, J. B. Jackson, S. L. Westcott, and N. J. Halas, "Infrared extinction properties of gold nanoshells," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2897-2899 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Oraevsky, A. A.

J. A. Copland, M. Eghtedari, V. L. Popov, N. Kotov, N. Mamedova, M. Motamedi, and A. A. Oraevsky, "Bioconjugated gold nanoparticles as a molecular based contrast agent: Implications for imaging of deep tumors using optoacoustic tomography," Mol. Imaging Biol. 6, 341-349 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Park, S. Y.

J. S. Aaron, N. Nitin, K. Travis, S. Kumar, T. Collier, S. Y. Park, M. José-Yacamán, L. Coghlan, M. Follen, R. Richards-Kortum, and K. V. Sokolov, "Plasmon resonance coupling of metal nanoparticles for molecular imaging of carcinogenesis in vivo," J. Biomed. Opt. (to be published).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Pasqualini, R.

K. Sokolov, J. Aaron, B. Hsu, D. Nida, A. Gillenwater, M. Follen, C. MacAulay, K. Adler-Storthz, B. Korgel, M. Descour, R. Pasqualini, W. Arap, W. Lam, and R. Richards-Kortum, "Optical systems for in vivo molecular imaging of cancer," Technol. Cancer Res. Treat. 2, 491-504 (2003).
[PubMed]

Pavlova, I.

K. Sokolov, M. Follen, J. Aaron, I. Pavlova, A. Malpica, R. Lotan, and R. Richards-Kortum, "Real-time vital optical imaging of precancer using anti-epidermal growth factor receptor antibodies conjugated to gold nanoparticles," Cancer Res. 63, 1999-2004 (2003).
[PubMed]

Pitsillides, C. M.

C. M. Pitsillides, E. K. Joe, X. Wei, R. R. Anderson, and C. P. Lin, "Selective cell targeting with light-absorbing microparticles and nanoparticles," Biophys. J. 84, 4023-4032 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Popov, V. L.

J. A. Copland, M. Eghtedari, V. L. Popov, N. Kotov, N. Mamedova, M. Motamedi, and A. A. Oraevsky, "Bioconjugated gold nanoparticles as a molecular based contrast agent: Implications for imaging of deep tumors using optoacoustic tomography," Mol. Imaging Biol. 6, 341-349 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Price, R. E.

L. R. Hirsch, R. J. Stafford, J. A. Bankson, S. R. Sershen, B. Rivera, R. E. Price, J. D. Hazle, N. J. Halas, and J. L. West, "Nanoshell-mediated near-infrared thermal therapy of tumors under magnetic resonance guidance," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U S A. 100, 13549-13554 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Richards-Kortum, R.

S. Kumar, N. Harrison, R. Richards-Kortum, and K. Sokolov, "Plasmonic nanosensors for imaging intracellular biomarkers in live cells," Nano Lett.10.1021/nl070365i (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Sokolov, M. Follen, J. Aaron, I. Pavlova, A. Malpica, R. Lotan, and R. Richards-Kortum, "Real-time vital optical imaging of precancer using anti-epidermal growth factor receptor antibodies conjugated to gold nanoparticles," Cancer Res. 63, 1999-2004 (2003).
[PubMed]

K. Sokolov, J. Aaron, B. Hsu, D. Nida, A. Gillenwater, M. Follen, C. MacAulay, K. Adler-Storthz, B. Korgel, M. Descour, R. Pasqualini, W. Arap, W. Lam, and R. Richards-Kortum, "Optical systems for in vivo molecular imaging of cancer," Technol. Cancer Res. Treat. 2, 491-504 (2003).
[PubMed]

J. S. Aaron, N. Nitin, K. Travis, S. Kumar, T. Collier, S. Y. Park, M. José-Yacamán, L. Coghlan, M. Follen, R. Richards-Kortum, and K. V. Sokolov, "Plasmon resonance coupling of metal nanoparticles for molecular imaging of carcinogenesis in vivo," J. Biomed. Opt. (to be published).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rivera, B.

L. R. Hirsch, R. J. Stafford, J. A. Bankson, S. R. Sershen, B. Rivera, R. E. Price, J. D. Hazle, N. J. Halas, and J. L. West, "Nanoshell-mediated near-infrared thermal therapy of tumors under magnetic resonance guidance," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U S A. 100, 13549-13554 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sershen, S. R.

L. R. Hirsch, R. J. Stafford, J. A. Bankson, S. R. Sershen, B. Rivera, R. E. Price, J. D. Hazle, N. J. Halas, and J. L. West, "Nanoshell-mediated near-infrared thermal therapy of tumors under magnetic resonance guidance," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U S A. 100, 13549-13554 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sokolov, K.

S. Kumar, N. Harrison, R. Richards-Kortum, and K. Sokolov, "Plasmonic nanosensors for imaging intracellular biomarkers in live cells," Nano Lett.10.1021/nl070365i (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Sokolov, L. T. Nieman, A. Myakov, and A. Gillenwater, "Polarized reflectance spectroscopy for pre-cancer detection," Technol. Cancer Res. Treat. 3, 1-14 (2004).
[PubMed]

K. Sokolov, J. Aaron, B. Hsu, D. Nida, A. Gillenwater, M. Follen, C. MacAulay, K. Adler-Storthz, B. Korgel, M. Descour, R. Pasqualini, W. Arap, W. Lam, and R. Richards-Kortum, "Optical systems for in vivo molecular imaging of cancer," Technol. Cancer Res. Treat. 2, 491-504 (2003).
[PubMed]

K. Sokolov, M. Follen, J. Aaron, I. Pavlova, A. Malpica, R. Lotan, and R. Richards-Kortum, "Real-time vital optical imaging of precancer using anti-epidermal growth factor receptor antibodies conjugated to gold nanoparticles," Cancer Res. 63, 1999-2004 (2003).
[PubMed]

Sokolov, K. V.

J. S. Aaron, N. Nitin, K. Travis, S. Kumar, T. Collier, S. Y. Park, M. José-Yacamán, L. Coghlan, M. Follen, R. Richards-Kortum, and K. V. Sokolov, "Plasmon resonance coupling of metal nanoparticles for molecular imaging of carcinogenesis in vivo," J. Biomed. Opt. (to be published).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stafford, R. J.

L. R. Hirsch, R. J. Stafford, J. A. Bankson, S. R. Sershen, B. Rivera, R. E. Price, J. D. Hazle, N. J. Halas, and J. L. West, "Nanoshell-mediated near-infrared thermal therapy of tumors under magnetic resonance guidance," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U S A. 100, 13549-13554 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Todd, R.

R. Todd and D. T. W. Wong, "Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) biology and human oral cancer," Histol. Histopathol. 14, 491-500 (1999).
[PubMed]

Travis, K.

J. S. Aaron, N. Nitin, K. Travis, S. Kumar, T. Collier, S. Y. Park, M. José-Yacamán, L. Coghlan, M. Follen, R. Richards-Kortum, and K. V. Sokolov, "Plasmon resonance coupling of metal nanoparticles for molecular imaging of carcinogenesis in vivo," J. Biomed. Opt. (to be published).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wei, X.

C. M. Pitsillides, E. K. Joe, X. Wei, R. R. Anderson, and C. P. Lin, "Selective cell targeting with light-absorbing microparticles and nanoparticles," Biophys. J. 84, 4023-4032 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

West, J. L.

L. R. Hirsch, R. J. Stafford, J. A. Bankson, S. R. Sershen, B. Rivera, R. E. Price, J. D. Hazle, N. J. Halas, and J. L. West, "Nanoshell-mediated near-infrared thermal therapy of tumors under magnetic resonance guidance," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U S A. 100, 13549-13554 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Westcott, S. L.

S. J. Oldenburg, J. B. Jackson, S. L. Westcott, and N. J. Halas, "Infrared extinction properties of gold nanoshells," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2897-2899 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wong, D. T. W.

R. Todd and D. T. W. Wong, "Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) biology and human oral cancer," Histol. Histopathol. 14, 491-500 (1999).
[PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

S. J. Oldenburg, J. B. Jackson, S. L. Westcott, and N. J. Halas, "Infrared extinction properties of gold nanoshells," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75, 2897-2899 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Biophys. J.

C. M. Pitsillides, E. K. Joe, X. Wei, R. R. Anderson, and C. P. Lin, "Selective cell targeting with light-absorbing microparticles and nanoparticles," Biophys. J. 84, 4023-4032 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cancer Res.

K. Sokolov, M. Follen, J. Aaron, I. Pavlova, A. Malpica, R. Lotan, and R. Richards-Kortum, "Real-time vital optical imaging of precancer using anti-epidermal growth factor receptor antibodies conjugated to gold nanoparticles," Cancer Res. 63, 1999-2004 (2003).
[PubMed]

Histol. Histopathol.

R. Todd and D. T. W. Wong, "Epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) biology and human oral cancer," Histol. Histopathol. 14, 491-500 (1999).
[PubMed]

J. Biomed. Opt.

J. S. Aaron, N. Nitin, K. Travis, S. Kumar, T. Collier, S. Y. Park, M. José-Yacamán, L. Coghlan, M. Follen, R. Richards-Kortum, and K. V. Sokolov, "Plasmon resonance coupling of metal nanoparticles for molecular imaging of carcinogenesis in vivo," J. Biomed. Opt. (to be published).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Cell. Biol.

H. Masui, L. Castro, and J. Mendelsohn, "Consumption of EGF by A431 cells: evidence for receptor recycling," J. Cell. Biol. 120, 85-93 (1993).
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W. D. Geoghegan and G. A. Ackerman, "Adsorption of horseradish peroxidase, ovomucoid and antiimmunoglobulin to colloidal gold for the indirect detection of concanavalin A, wheat germ agglutinin and goat antihuman immunoglobulin G on cell surfaces at the electron microscopic level: a new method, theory and application," J. Histochem. Cytochem. 25, 1187-1200 (1977).
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J. A. Copland, M. Eghtedari, V. L. Popov, N. Kotov, N. Mamedova, M. Motamedi, and A. A. Oraevsky, "Bioconjugated gold nanoparticles as a molecular based contrast agent: Implications for imaging of deep tumors using optoacoustic tomography," Mol. Imaging Biol. 6, 341-349 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nano Lett.

S. Kumar, N. Harrison, R. Richards-Kortum, and K. Sokolov, "Plasmonic nanosensors for imaging intracellular biomarkers in live cells," Nano Lett.10.1021/nl070365i (2007).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U S A.

L. R. Hirsch, R. J. Stafford, J. A. Bankson, S. R. Sershen, B. Rivera, R. E. Price, J. D. Hazle, N. J. Halas, and J. L. West, "Nanoshell-mediated near-infrared thermal therapy of tumors under magnetic resonance guidance," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U S A. 100, 13549-13554 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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M. Horisberger, "Colloidal gold: a cytochemical marker for light and fluorescent microscopy and for transmission and scanning electron microscopy," Scan. Electron Microsc. 2, 9-31 (1981).

Technol. Cancer Res. Treat.

K. Sokolov, L. T. Nieman, A. Myakov, and A. Gillenwater, "Polarized reflectance spectroscopy for pre-cancer detection," Technol. Cancer Res. Treat. 3, 1-14 (2004).
[PubMed]

K. Sokolov, J. Aaron, B. Hsu, D. Nida, A. Gillenwater, M. Follen, C. MacAulay, K. Adler-Storthz, B. Korgel, M. Descour, R. Pasqualini, W. Arap, W. Lam, and R. Richards-Kortum, "Optical systems for in vivo molecular imaging of cancer," Technol. Cancer Res. Treat. 2, 491-504 (2003).
[PubMed]

Other

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S. Y. Emelianov, S. R. Aglyamov, A. B. Karpiouk, S. Mallidi, S. Park, S. Sethuraman, J. Shah, R. W. Smalling, J. M. Rubin, and W. G. Scott, "Synergy and applications of combined ultrasound, elasticity, and photoacoustic imaging," in Proceedings of the IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, Vancouver, Canada, 3-6 Oct. 2006, pp. 405-415.

S. Mallidi, S. R. Aglyamov, A. B. Karpiouk, S. Park, and S. Y. Emelianov, "Functional and morphological ultrasonic biomicroscopy for tissue engineers," Proc. SPIE 6147, pp. 61470Y1-7 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Shah, S. R. Aglyamov, K. Sokolov, T. E. Milner, and S. Y. Emelianov, "Ultrasound-based thermal and elasticity imaging to assist photothermal cancer therapy - Preliminary study," in Proceedings of the IEEE International Ultrasonics Symposium, Vancouver, Canada, 3-6 Oct. 2006, pp. 1029-1032.

M. Hayat, Colloidal gold: Principles, methods and aapplications, (Academic, San Diego, CA. 1989).

G. T. Hermanson, Bioconjugate techniques, (Academic, San Diego, CA. 1996).

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Block diagram of the combined ultrasound and optoacoustic imaging system.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Absorbance spectra of control, targeted and non-targeted tissue samples normalized to the illumination lamp spectrum.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Darkfield, ultrasound and optoacoustic images (λ = 532 nm and 680 nm) of control, targeted and non-targeted tissue phantoms. The darkfield images measure 440 μm by 340 μm field of view. The ultrasound and optoacoustic images measure 2 mm by 1.67 mm.

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