Abstract

We demonstrate a new scheme for measuring different tensor elements of the optical Kerr effect response. A dual-ring, polarization-dependent Sagnac interferometer is used to create two copropagating probe pulses that arrive at the sample at different times but that reach the detector simultaneously and collinearly. The tensor element of the response that is measured is determined by the polarization of the pump pulse. By controlling the relative timing of the probe pulses it is also possible to perform optical subtraction of two different tensor elements of the response at two different times, a strategy that can be used to enhance or suppress particular contributions to the OKE response.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. Righini, "Ultrafast Optical Kerr Effect in Liquids and Solids," Science 262, 1386-1390 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. J. T. Fourkas, "Nonresonant Intermolecular Spectroscopy of Liquids," in Ultrafast Infrared and Raman Spectroscopy, M. D. Fayer, ed. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 2001), pp. 473-512.
  3. N. A. Smith, and S. R. Meech, "Optically-Heterodyne-Detected Optical Kerr Effect (OHD-OKE): Applications in Condensed Phase Dynamics," Int. Rev. Phys. Chem. 21, 75-100 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  4. S. Kinoshita, Y. Kai, T. Ariyoshi, and Y. Shimada, "Low Frequency Modes Probed by Time-Domain Optical Kerr Effect Spectroscopy," Int. J. Mod. Phys. B 10, 1229-1272 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  5. B. J. Loughnane, A. Scodinu, R. A. Farrer, J. T. Fourkas, and U. Mohanty, "Exponential Intermolecular Dynamics in Optical Kerr Effect Spectroscopy of Small-Molecule Liquids," J. Chem. Phys. 111, 2686-2694 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. McMorrow, and W. T. Lotshaw, "Intermolecular Dynamics in Acetonitrile Probed with Femtosecond Fourier Transform Raman Spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem. 95, 10395-10406 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  7. E. W. CastnerJr., and M. Maroncelli, "Solvent Dynamics Derived from Optical Kerr Effect, Dielectric Dispersion, and Time-Resolved Stokes Shift Measurements: An Empirical Comparison," J. Mol. Liq. 77, 1-36 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  8. C. Kalpouzos, D. McMorrow, W. T. Lotshaw, and G. A. Kenney-Wallace, "Femtosecond Laser-Induced Optical Kerr Dynamics in CS2/Alkane Binary Solutions," Chem. Phys. Lett. 150, 138-146 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  9. T. Steffen, N. A. C. M. Meinders, and K. Duppen, "Microscopic Origin of the Optical Kerr Effect Response of CS2-Pentane Binary Mixtures," J. Phys. Chem. A 102, 4213-4221 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. Scodinu, and J. T. Fourkas, "Intermolecular Dynamics and Structure of Carbon Disulfide in Isoviscous Alkane Solutions: An Optical Kerr Effect Study," J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 44-51 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. Neelakandan, D. Pant, and E. L. Quitevis, "Reorientational and Intermolecular Dynamics in Binary Liquid Mixtures of Hexafluorobenzene and Benzene: Femtosecond Optical Kerr Effect Measurements," Chem. Phys. Lett. 265, 283-292 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  12. H. Shirota, and E. W. Castner, "Ultrafast Dynamics in Aqueous Polyacrylamide Solutions," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 123, 12877-12885 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. N. T. Hunt, A. A. Jaye, A. Hellman, and S. R. Meech, "Ultrafast Dynamics of Styrene Microemulsions, Polystyrene Nanolatexes, and Structural Analogues of Polystyrene," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 100-108 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  14. B. J. Loughnane, R. A. Farrer, A. Scodinu, T. Reilly, and J. T. Fourkas, "Ultrafast Spectroscopic Studies of the Dynamics of Liquids Confined in Nanoporous Glasses," J. Phys. Chem. B 104, 5421-5429 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  15. R. A. Farrer, and J. T. Fourkas, "Orientational Dynamics of Liquids Confined in Nanoporous Sol-Gel Glasses Studied by Optical Kerr Effect Spectroscopy," Acc. Chem. Res. 36, 605-612 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. N. T. Hunt, A. A. Jaye, and S. R. Meech, "Ultrafast Dynamics in Microemulsions: Optical Kerr Effect Study of the Dispersed Oil Phase in a Carbon Disulfide-Dodecyltrimethylammonium Bromide-Water Microemulsion," J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 3405-3418 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  17. N. T. Hunt, and S. R. Meech, "Orientational and Interaction Induced Dynamics in the Isotropic Phase of a Liquid Crystal: Polarization Resolved Ultrafast Optical Kerr Effect Spectroscopy," J. Chem. Phys. 120, 10828-10836 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. R. L. Murry, and J. T. Fourkas, "Polarization Selectivity of Nonresonant Spectroscopies in Isotropic Media," J. Chem. Phys. 107, 9726-9740 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  19. J. D. Eaves, C. J. Fecko, A. L. Stevens, P. Peng, and A. Tokmakoff, "Polarization-Selective Femtosecond Raman Spectroscopy of Low-Frequency Motions in Hydrated Protein Films," Chem. Phys. Lett. 376, 20-25 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  20. C. J. Fecko, J. D. Eaves, and A. Tokmakoff, "Isotropic and Anisotropic Raman Scattering from Molecular Liquids Measured by Spatially Masked Optical Kerr Effect Spectroscopy," J. Chem. Phys. 117, 1139-1154 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  21. Y. J. Chang, P. Cong, and J. D. Simon, "Isotropic and Anisotropic Intermolecular Dynamics of Liquids Studied by Femtosecond Position-Sensitive Kerr Lens Spectroscopy," J. Chem. Phys. 106, 8639-8649 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  22. P. Cong, Y. J. Chang, and J. D. Simon, "Complete Determination of Intermolecular Spectral Densities of Liquids Using Position-Sensitive Kerr Lens Spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem. 100, 8613-8616 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  23. R. Trebino, and C. C. Hayden, "Antiresonant-Ring Transient Spectroscopy," Opt. Lett. 16, 493-495 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. D. McMorrow, "Separation of Nuclear and Electronic Contributions to Femtosecond Four-Wave Mixing Data," Opt. Commun. 86, 236-244 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  25. R. A. Farrer, B. J. Loughnane, L. A. Deschenes, and J. T. Fourkas, "Level-Dependent Damping in Intermolecular Vibrations: Linear Spectroscopy," J. Chem. Phys. 106, 6901-6915 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  26. R. L. Murry, J. T. Fourkas, and T. Keyes, "Nonresonant Intermolecular Spectroscopy Beyond the Placzek Approximation. I. Third-Order Spectroscopy," J. Chem. Phys. 109, 2814-2825 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  27. X. Zhu, R. A. Farrer, E. Gershgoren, H. C. Kapteyn, and J. T. Fourkas, "Mode-Selective Optical Kerr Effect Spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 3384-3386 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  28. S. G. Frankiss, "Vibrational Spectra and Structures of S2Cl2, S2Br2, Se2Cl2, and Se2Br2," J. Mol. Struct. 2, 271-279 (1968).
    [CrossRef]
  29. E. B. Bradley, M. S. Mathur, and C. A. Frenzel, "New Measurements of the Infrared and the Raman Spectrum of S2Cl2," J. Chem. Phys. 47, 4325-4329 (1967).
    [CrossRef]
  30. X. Zhu, R. A. Farrer, and J. T. Fourkas, "Optical Kerr Effect Spectroscopy Using Time-Delayed Pairs of Pump Pulses with Orthogonal Polarizations," J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 8481-8488 (2005).
    [CrossRef]

2005 (1)

X. Zhu, R. A. Farrer, and J. T. Fourkas, "Optical Kerr Effect Spectroscopy Using Time-Delayed Pairs of Pump Pulses with Orthogonal Polarizations," J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 8481-8488 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

X. Zhu, R. A. Farrer, E. Gershgoren, H. C. Kapteyn, and J. T. Fourkas, "Mode-Selective Optical Kerr Effect Spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 3384-3386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. T. Hunt, A. A. Jaye, A. Hellman, and S. R. Meech, "Ultrafast Dynamics of Styrene Microemulsions, Polystyrene Nanolatexes, and Structural Analogues of Polystyrene," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 100-108 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. T. Hunt, and S. R. Meech, "Orientational and Interaction Induced Dynamics in the Isotropic Phase of a Liquid Crystal: Polarization Resolved Ultrafast Optical Kerr Effect Spectroscopy," J. Chem. Phys. 120, 10828-10836 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (4)

R. A. Farrer, and J. T. Fourkas, "Orientational Dynamics of Liquids Confined in Nanoporous Sol-Gel Glasses Studied by Optical Kerr Effect Spectroscopy," Acc. Chem. Res. 36, 605-612 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. T. Hunt, A. A. Jaye, and S. R. Meech, "Ultrafast Dynamics in Microemulsions: Optical Kerr Effect Study of the Dispersed Oil Phase in a Carbon Disulfide-Dodecyltrimethylammonium Bromide-Water Microemulsion," J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 3405-3418 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Scodinu, and J. T. Fourkas, "Intermolecular Dynamics and Structure of Carbon Disulfide in Isoviscous Alkane Solutions: An Optical Kerr Effect Study," J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 44-51 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Eaves, C. J. Fecko, A. L. Stevens, P. Peng, and A. Tokmakoff, "Polarization-Selective Femtosecond Raman Spectroscopy of Low-Frequency Motions in Hydrated Protein Films," Chem. Phys. Lett. 376, 20-25 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

C. J. Fecko, J. D. Eaves, and A. Tokmakoff, "Isotropic and Anisotropic Raman Scattering from Molecular Liquids Measured by Spatially Masked Optical Kerr Effect Spectroscopy," J. Chem. Phys. 117, 1139-1154 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. A. Smith, and S. R. Meech, "Optically-Heterodyne-Detected Optical Kerr Effect (OHD-OKE): Applications in Condensed Phase Dynamics," Int. Rev. Phys. Chem. 21, 75-100 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

H. Shirota, and E. W. Castner, "Ultrafast Dynamics in Aqueous Polyacrylamide Solutions," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 123, 12877-12885 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2000 (1)

B. J. Loughnane, R. A. Farrer, A. Scodinu, T. Reilly, and J. T. Fourkas, "Ultrafast Spectroscopic Studies of the Dynamics of Liquids Confined in Nanoporous Glasses," J. Phys. Chem. B 104, 5421-5429 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

B. J. Loughnane, A. Scodinu, R. A. Farrer, J. T. Fourkas, and U. Mohanty, "Exponential Intermolecular Dynamics in Optical Kerr Effect Spectroscopy of Small-Molecule Liquids," J. Chem. Phys. 111, 2686-2694 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (3)

E. W. CastnerJr., and M. Maroncelli, "Solvent Dynamics Derived from Optical Kerr Effect, Dielectric Dispersion, and Time-Resolved Stokes Shift Measurements: An Empirical Comparison," J. Mol. Liq. 77, 1-36 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. Steffen, N. A. C. M. Meinders, and K. Duppen, "Microscopic Origin of the Optical Kerr Effect Response of CS2-Pentane Binary Mixtures," J. Phys. Chem. A 102, 4213-4221 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Murry, J. T. Fourkas, and T. Keyes, "Nonresonant Intermolecular Spectroscopy Beyond the Placzek Approximation. I. Third-Order Spectroscopy," J. Chem. Phys. 109, 2814-2825 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (4)

R. A. Farrer, B. J. Loughnane, L. A. Deschenes, and J. T. Fourkas, "Level-Dependent Damping in Intermolecular Vibrations: Linear Spectroscopy," J. Chem. Phys. 106, 6901-6915 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Chang, P. Cong, and J. D. Simon, "Isotropic and Anisotropic Intermolecular Dynamics of Liquids Studied by Femtosecond Position-Sensitive Kerr Lens Spectroscopy," J. Chem. Phys. 106, 8639-8649 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Neelakandan, D. Pant, and E. L. Quitevis, "Reorientational and Intermolecular Dynamics in Binary Liquid Mixtures of Hexafluorobenzene and Benzene: Femtosecond Optical Kerr Effect Measurements," Chem. Phys. Lett. 265, 283-292 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Murry, and J. T. Fourkas, "Polarization Selectivity of Nonresonant Spectroscopies in Isotropic Media," J. Chem. Phys. 107, 9726-9740 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

S. Kinoshita, Y. Kai, T. Ariyoshi, and Y. Shimada, "Low Frequency Modes Probed by Time-Domain Optical Kerr Effect Spectroscopy," Int. J. Mod. Phys. B 10, 1229-1272 (1996).
[CrossRef]

P. Cong, Y. J. Chang, and J. D. Simon, "Complete Determination of Intermolecular Spectral Densities of Liquids Using Position-Sensitive Kerr Lens Spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem. 100, 8613-8616 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

R. Righini, "Ultrafast Optical Kerr Effect in Liquids and Solids," Science 262, 1386-1390 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1991 (3)

D. McMorrow, and W. T. Lotshaw, "Intermolecular Dynamics in Acetonitrile Probed with Femtosecond Fourier Transform Raman Spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem. 95, 10395-10406 (1991).
[CrossRef]

D. McMorrow, "Separation of Nuclear and Electronic Contributions to Femtosecond Four-Wave Mixing Data," Opt. Commun. 86, 236-244 (1991).
[CrossRef]

R. Trebino, and C. C. Hayden, "Antiresonant-Ring Transient Spectroscopy," Opt. Lett. 16, 493-495 (1991).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1988 (1)

C. Kalpouzos, D. McMorrow, W. T. Lotshaw, and G. A. Kenney-Wallace, "Femtosecond Laser-Induced Optical Kerr Dynamics in CS2/Alkane Binary Solutions," Chem. Phys. Lett. 150, 138-146 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1968 (1)

S. G. Frankiss, "Vibrational Spectra and Structures of S2Cl2, S2Br2, Se2Cl2, and Se2Br2," J. Mol. Struct. 2, 271-279 (1968).
[CrossRef]

1967 (1)

E. B. Bradley, M. S. Mathur, and C. A. Frenzel, "New Measurements of the Infrared and the Raman Spectrum of S2Cl2," J. Chem. Phys. 47, 4325-4329 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Ariyoshi, T.

S. Kinoshita, Y. Kai, T. Ariyoshi, and Y. Shimada, "Low Frequency Modes Probed by Time-Domain Optical Kerr Effect Spectroscopy," Int. J. Mod. Phys. B 10, 1229-1272 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bradley, E. B.

E. B. Bradley, M. S. Mathur, and C. A. Frenzel, "New Measurements of the Infrared and the Raman Spectrum of S2Cl2," J. Chem. Phys. 47, 4325-4329 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Castner, E. W.

H. Shirota, and E. W. Castner, "Ultrafast Dynamics in Aqueous Polyacrylamide Solutions," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 123, 12877-12885 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. W. CastnerJr., and M. Maroncelli, "Solvent Dynamics Derived from Optical Kerr Effect, Dielectric Dispersion, and Time-Resolved Stokes Shift Measurements: An Empirical Comparison," J. Mol. Liq. 77, 1-36 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Chang, Y. J.

Y. J. Chang, P. Cong, and J. D. Simon, "Isotropic and Anisotropic Intermolecular Dynamics of Liquids Studied by Femtosecond Position-Sensitive Kerr Lens Spectroscopy," J. Chem. Phys. 106, 8639-8649 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Cong, Y. J. Chang, and J. D. Simon, "Complete Determination of Intermolecular Spectral Densities of Liquids Using Position-Sensitive Kerr Lens Spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem. 100, 8613-8616 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Cong, P.

Y. J. Chang, P. Cong, and J. D. Simon, "Isotropic and Anisotropic Intermolecular Dynamics of Liquids Studied by Femtosecond Position-Sensitive Kerr Lens Spectroscopy," J. Chem. Phys. 106, 8639-8649 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Cong, Y. J. Chang, and J. D. Simon, "Complete Determination of Intermolecular Spectral Densities of Liquids Using Position-Sensitive Kerr Lens Spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem. 100, 8613-8616 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Deschenes, L. A.

R. A. Farrer, B. J. Loughnane, L. A. Deschenes, and J. T. Fourkas, "Level-Dependent Damping in Intermolecular Vibrations: Linear Spectroscopy," J. Chem. Phys. 106, 6901-6915 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Duppen, K.

T. Steffen, N. A. C. M. Meinders, and K. Duppen, "Microscopic Origin of the Optical Kerr Effect Response of CS2-Pentane Binary Mixtures," J. Phys. Chem. A 102, 4213-4221 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Eaves, J. D.

J. D. Eaves, C. J. Fecko, A. L. Stevens, P. Peng, and A. Tokmakoff, "Polarization-Selective Femtosecond Raman Spectroscopy of Low-Frequency Motions in Hydrated Protein Films," Chem. Phys. Lett. 376, 20-25 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Fecko, J. D. Eaves, and A. Tokmakoff, "Isotropic and Anisotropic Raman Scattering from Molecular Liquids Measured by Spatially Masked Optical Kerr Effect Spectroscopy," J. Chem. Phys. 117, 1139-1154 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Farrer, R. A.

X. Zhu, R. A. Farrer, and J. T. Fourkas, "Optical Kerr Effect Spectroscopy Using Time-Delayed Pairs of Pump Pulses with Orthogonal Polarizations," J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 8481-8488 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhu, R. A. Farrer, E. Gershgoren, H. C. Kapteyn, and J. T. Fourkas, "Mode-Selective Optical Kerr Effect Spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 3384-3386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Farrer, and J. T. Fourkas, "Orientational Dynamics of Liquids Confined in Nanoporous Sol-Gel Glasses Studied by Optical Kerr Effect Spectroscopy," Acc. Chem. Res. 36, 605-612 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. J. Loughnane, R. A. Farrer, A. Scodinu, T. Reilly, and J. T. Fourkas, "Ultrafast Spectroscopic Studies of the Dynamics of Liquids Confined in Nanoporous Glasses," J. Phys. Chem. B 104, 5421-5429 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Loughnane, A. Scodinu, R. A. Farrer, J. T. Fourkas, and U. Mohanty, "Exponential Intermolecular Dynamics in Optical Kerr Effect Spectroscopy of Small-Molecule Liquids," J. Chem. Phys. 111, 2686-2694 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Farrer, B. J. Loughnane, L. A. Deschenes, and J. T. Fourkas, "Level-Dependent Damping in Intermolecular Vibrations: Linear Spectroscopy," J. Chem. Phys. 106, 6901-6915 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fecko, C. J.

J. D. Eaves, C. J. Fecko, A. L. Stevens, P. Peng, and A. Tokmakoff, "Polarization-Selective Femtosecond Raman Spectroscopy of Low-Frequency Motions in Hydrated Protein Films," Chem. Phys. Lett. 376, 20-25 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Fecko, J. D. Eaves, and A. Tokmakoff, "Isotropic and Anisotropic Raman Scattering from Molecular Liquids Measured by Spatially Masked Optical Kerr Effect Spectroscopy," J. Chem. Phys. 117, 1139-1154 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fourkas, J. T.

X. Zhu, R. A. Farrer, and J. T. Fourkas, "Optical Kerr Effect Spectroscopy Using Time-Delayed Pairs of Pump Pulses with Orthogonal Polarizations," J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 8481-8488 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhu, R. A. Farrer, E. Gershgoren, H. C. Kapteyn, and J. T. Fourkas, "Mode-Selective Optical Kerr Effect Spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 3384-3386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Scodinu, and J. T. Fourkas, "Intermolecular Dynamics and Structure of Carbon Disulfide in Isoviscous Alkane Solutions: An Optical Kerr Effect Study," J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 44-51 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Farrer, and J. T. Fourkas, "Orientational Dynamics of Liquids Confined in Nanoporous Sol-Gel Glasses Studied by Optical Kerr Effect Spectroscopy," Acc. Chem. Res. 36, 605-612 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. J. Loughnane, R. A. Farrer, A. Scodinu, T. Reilly, and J. T. Fourkas, "Ultrafast Spectroscopic Studies of the Dynamics of Liquids Confined in Nanoporous Glasses," J. Phys. Chem. B 104, 5421-5429 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Loughnane, A. Scodinu, R. A. Farrer, J. T. Fourkas, and U. Mohanty, "Exponential Intermolecular Dynamics in Optical Kerr Effect Spectroscopy of Small-Molecule Liquids," J. Chem. Phys. 111, 2686-2694 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Murry, J. T. Fourkas, and T. Keyes, "Nonresonant Intermolecular Spectroscopy Beyond the Placzek Approximation. I. Third-Order Spectroscopy," J. Chem. Phys. 109, 2814-2825 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Murry, and J. T. Fourkas, "Polarization Selectivity of Nonresonant Spectroscopies in Isotropic Media," J. Chem. Phys. 107, 9726-9740 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Farrer, B. J. Loughnane, L. A. Deschenes, and J. T. Fourkas, "Level-Dependent Damping in Intermolecular Vibrations: Linear Spectroscopy," J. Chem. Phys. 106, 6901-6915 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Frankiss, S. G.

S. G. Frankiss, "Vibrational Spectra and Structures of S2Cl2, S2Br2, Se2Cl2, and Se2Br2," J. Mol. Struct. 2, 271-279 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Frenzel, C. A.

E. B. Bradley, M. S. Mathur, and C. A. Frenzel, "New Measurements of the Infrared and the Raman Spectrum of S2Cl2," J. Chem. Phys. 47, 4325-4329 (1967).
[CrossRef]

Gershgoren, E.

X. Zhu, R. A. Farrer, E. Gershgoren, H. C. Kapteyn, and J. T. Fourkas, "Mode-Selective Optical Kerr Effect Spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 3384-3386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hayden, C. C.

Hellman, A.

N. T. Hunt, A. A. Jaye, A. Hellman, and S. R. Meech, "Ultrafast Dynamics of Styrene Microemulsions, Polystyrene Nanolatexes, and Structural Analogues of Polystyrene," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 100-108 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hunt, N. T.

N. T. Hunt, A. A. Jaye, A. Hellman, and S. R. Meech, "Ultrafast Dynamics of Styrene Microemulsions, Polystyrene Nanolatexes, and Structural Analogues of Polystyrene," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 100-108 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. T. Hunt, and S. R. Meech, "Orientational and Interaction Induced Dynamics in the Isotropic Phase of a Liquid Crystal: Polarization Resolved Ultrafast Optical Kerr Effect Spectroscopy," J. Chem. Phys. 120, 10828-10836 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. T. Hunt, A. A. Jaye, and S. R. Meech, "Ultrafast Dynamics in Microemulsions: Optical Kerr Effect Study of the Dispersed Oil Phase in a Carbon Disulfide-Dodecyltrimethylammonium Bromide-Water Microemulsion," J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 3405-3418 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jaye, A. A.

N. T. Hunt, A. A. Jaye, A. Hellman, and S. R. Meech, "Ultrafast Dynamics of Styrene Microemulsions, Polystyrene Nanolatexes, and Structural Analogues of Polystyrene," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 100-108 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. T. Hunt, A. A. Jaye, and S. R. Meech, "Ultrafast Dynamics in Microemulsions: Optical Kerr Effect Study of the Dispersed Oil Phase in a Carbon Disulfide-Dodecyltrimethylammonium Bromide-Water Microemulsion," J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 3405-3418 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kai, Y.

S. Kinoshita, Y. Kai, T. Ariyoshi, and Y. Shimada, "Low Frequency Modes Probed by Time-Domain Optical Kerr Effect Spectroscopy," Int. J. Mod. Phys. B 10, 1229-1272 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kalpouzos, C.

C. Kalpouzos, D. McMorrow, W. T. Lotshaw, and G. A. Kenney-Wallace, "Femtosecond Laser-Induced Optical Kerr Dynamics in CS2/Alkane Binary Solutions," Chem. Phys. Lett. 150, 138-146 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H. C.

X. Zhu, R. A. Farrer, E. Gershgoren, H. C. Kapteyn, and J. T. Fourkas, "Mode-Selective Optical Kerr Effect Spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 3384-3386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kenney-Wallace, G. A.

C. Kalpouzos, D. McMorrow, W. T. Lotshaw, and G. A. Kenney-Wallace, "Femtosecond Laser-Induced Optical Kerr Dynamics in CS2/Alkane Binary Solutions," Chem. Phys. Lett. 150, 138-146 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Keyes, T.

R. L. Murry, J. T. Fourkas, and T. Keyes, "Nonresonant Intermolecular Spectroscopy Beyond the Placzek Approximation. I. Third-Order Spectroscopy," J. Chem. Phys. 109, 2814-2825 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kinoshita, S.

S. Kinoshita, Y. Kai, T. Ariyoshi, and Y. Shimada, "Low Frequency Modes Probed by Time-Domain Optical Kerr Effect Spectroscopy," Int. J. Mod. Phys. B 10, 1229-1272 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lotshaw, W. T.

D. McMorrow, and W. T. Lotshaw, "Intermolecular Dynamics in Acetonitrile Probed with Femtosecond Fourier Transform Raman Spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem. 95, 10395-10406 (1991).
[CrossRef]

C. Kalpouzos, D. McMorrow, W. T. Lotshaw, and G. A. Kenney-Wallace, "Femtosecond Laser-Induced Optical Kerr Dynamics in CS2/Alkane Binary Solutions," Chem. Phys. Lett. 150, 138-146 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Loughnane, B. J.

B. J. Loughnane, R. A. Farrer, A. Scodinu, T. Reilly, and J. T. Fourkas, "Ultrafast Spectroscopic Studies of the Dynamics of Liquids Confined in Nanoporous Glasses," J. Phys. Chem. B 104, 5421-5429 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Loughnane, A. Scodinu, R. A. Farrer, J. T. Fourkas, and U. Mohanty, "Exponential Intermolecular Dynamics in Optical Kerr Effect Spectroscopy of Small-Molecule Liquids," J. Chem. Phys. 111, 2686-2694 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Farrer, B. J. Loughnane, L. A. Deschenes, and J. T. Fourkas, "Level-Dependent Damping in Intermolecular Vibrations: Linear Spectroscopy," J. Chem. Phys. 106, 6901-6915 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Maroncelli, M.

E. W. CastnerJr., and M. Maroncelli, "Solvent Dynamics Derived from Optical Kerr Effect, Dielectric Dispersion, and Time-Resolved Stokes Shift Measurements: An Empirical Comparison," J. Mol. Liq. 77, 1-36 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mathur, M. S.

E. B. Bradley, M. S. Mathur, and C. A. Frenzel, "New Measurements of the Infrared and the Raman Spectrum of S2Cl2," J. Chem. Phys. 47, 4325-4329 (1967).
[CrossRef]

McMorrow, D.

D. McMorrow, "Separation of Nuclear and Electronic Contributions to Femtosecond Four-Wave Mixing Data," Opt. Commun. 86, 236-244 (1991).
[CrossRef]

D. McMorrow, and W. T. Lotshaw, "Intermolecular Dynamics in Acetonitrile Probed with Femtosecond Fourier Transform Raman Spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem. 95, 10395-10406 (1991).
[CrossRef]

C. Kalpouzos, D. McMorrow, W. T. Lotshaw, and G. A. Kenney-Wallace, "Femtosecond Laser-Induced Optical Kerr Dynamics in CS2/Alkane Binary Solutions," Chem. Phys. Lett. 150, 138-146 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Meech, S. R.

N. T. Hunt, A. A. Jaye, A. Hellman, and S. R. Meech, "Ultrafast Dynamics of Styrene Microemulsions, Polystyrene Nanolatexes, and Structural Analogues of Polystyrene," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 100-108 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. T. Hunt, and S. R. Meech, "Orientational and Interaction Induced Dynamics in the Isotropic Phase of a Liquid Crystal: Polarization Resolved Ultrafast Optical Kerr Effect Spectroscopy," J. Chem. Phys. 120, 10828-10836 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. T. Hunt, A. A. Jaye, and S. R. Meech, "Ultrafast Dynamics in Microemulsions: Optical Kerr Effect Study of the Dispersed Oil Phase in a Carbon Disulfide-Dodecyltrimethylammonium Bromide-Water Microemulsion," J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 3405-3418 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. A. Smith, and S. R. Meech, "Optically-Heterodyne-Detected Optical Kerr Effect (OHD-OKE): Applications in Condensed Phase Dynamics," Int. Rev. Phys. Chem. 21, 75-100 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Meinders, N. A. C. M.

T. Steffen, N. A. C. M. Meinders, and K. Duppen, "Microscopic Origin of the Optical Kerr Effect Response of CS2-Pentane Binary Mixtures," J. Phys. Chem. A 102, 4213-4221 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Mohanty, U.

B. J. Loughnane, A. Scodinu, R. A. Farrer, J. T. Fourkas, and U. Mohanty, "Exponential Intermolecular Dynamics in Optical Kerr Effect Spectroscopy of Small-Molecule Liquids," J. Chem. Phys. 111, 2686-2694 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Murry, R. L.

R. L. Murry, J. T. Fourkas, and T. Keyes, "Nonresonant Intermolecular Spectroscopy Beyond the Placzek Approximation. I. Third-Order Spectroscopy," J. Chem. Phys. 109, 2814-2825 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Murry, and J. T. Fourkas, "Polarization Selectivity of Nonresonant Spectroscopies in Isotropic Media," J. Chem. Phys. 107, 9726-9740 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Neelakandan, M.

M. Neelakandan, D. Pant, and E. L. Quitevis, "Reorientational and Intermolecular Dynamics in Binary Liquid Mixtures of Hexafluorobenzene and Benzene: Femtosecond Optical Kerr Effect Measurements," Chem. Phys. Lett. 265, 283-292 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Pant, D.

M. Neelakandan, D. Pant, and E. L. Quitevis, "Reorientational and Intermolecular Dynamics in Binary Liquid Mixtures of Hexafluorobenzene and Benzene: Femtosecond Optical Kerr Effect Measurements," Chem. Phys. Lett. 265, 283-292 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Peng, P.

J. D. Eaves, C. J. Fecko, A. L. Stevens, P. Peng, and A. Tokmakoff, "Polarization-Selective Femtosecond Raman Spectroscopy of Low-Frequency Motions in Hydrated Protein Films," Chem. Phys. Lett. 376, 20-25 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Quitevis, E. L.

M. Neelakandan, D. Pant, and E. L. Quitevis, "Reorientational and Intermolecular Dynamics in Binary Liquid Mixtures of Hexafluorobenzene and Benzene: Femtosecond Optical Kerr Effect Measurements," Chem. Phys. Lett. 265, 283-292 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Reilly, T.

B. J. Loughnane, R. A. Farrer, A. Scodinu, T. Reilly, and J. T. Fourkas, "Ultrafast Spectroscopic Studies of the Dynamics of Liquids Confined in Nanoporous Glasses," J. Phys. Chem. B 104, 5421-5429 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Righini, R.

R. Righini, "Ultrafast Optical Kerr Effect in Liquids and Solids," Science 262, 1386-1390 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Scodinu, A.

A. Scodinu, and J. T. Fourkas, "Intermolecular Dynamics and Structure of Carbon Disulfide in Isoviscous Alkane Solutions: An Optical Kerr Effect Study," J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 44-51 (2003).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Loughnane, R. A. Farrer, A. Scodinu, T. Reilly, and J. T. Fourkas, "Ultrafast Spectroscopic Studies of the Dynamics of Liquids Confined in Nanoporous Glasses," J. Phys. Chem. B 104, 5421-5429 (2000).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Loughnane, A. Scodinu, R. A. Farrer, J. T. Fourkas, and U. Mohanty, "Exponential Intermolecular Dynamics in Optical Kerr Effect Spectroscopy of Small-Molecule Liquids," J. Chem. Phys. 111, 2686-2694 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shimada, Y.

S. Kinoshita, Y. Kai, T. Ariyoshi, and Y. Shimada, "Low Frequency Modes Probed by Time-Domain Optical Kerr Effect Spectroscopy," Int. J. Mod. Phys. B 10, 1229-1272 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Shirota, H.

H. Shirota, and E. W. Castner, "Ultrafast Dynamics in Aqueous Polyacrylamide Solutions," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 123, 12877-12885 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Simon, J. D.

Y. J. Chang, P. Cong, and J. D. Simon, "Isotropic and Anisotropic Intermolecular Dynamics of Liquids Studied by Femtosecond Position-Sensitive Kerr Lens Spectroscopy," J. Chem. Phys. 106, 8639-8649 (1997).
[CrossRef]

P. Cong, Y. J. Chang, and J. D. Simon, "Complete Determination of Intermolecular Spectral Densities of Liquids Using Position-Sensitive Kerr Lens Spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem. 100, 8613-8616 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Smith, N. A.

N. A. Smith, and S. R. Meech, "Optically-Heterodyne-Detected Optical Kerr Effect (OHD-OKE): Applications in Condensed Phase Dynamics," Int. Rev. Phys. Chem. 21, 75-100 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Steffen, T.

T. Steffen, N. A. C. M. Meinders, and K. Duppen, "Microscopic Origin of the Optical Kerr Effect Response of CS2-Pentane Binary Mixtures," J. Phys. Chem. A 102, 4213-4221 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Stevens, A. L.

J. D. Eaves, C. J. Fecko, A. L. Stevens, P. Peng, and A. Tokmakoff, "Polarization-Selective Femtosecond Raman Spectroscopy of Low-Frequency Motions in Hydrated Protein Films," Chem. Phys. Lett. 376, 20-25 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tokmakoff, A.

J. D. Eaves, C. J. Fecko, A. L. Stevens, P. Peng, and A. Tokmakoff, "Polarization-Selective Femtosecond Raman Spectroscopy of Low-Frequency Motions in Hydrated Protein Films," Chem. Phys. Lett. 376, 20-25 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Fecko, J. D. Eaves, and A. Tokmakoff, "Isotropic and Anisotropic Raman Scattering from Molecular Liquids Measured by Spatially Masked Optical Kerr Effect Spectroscopy," J. Chem. Phys. 117, 1139-1154 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Trebino, R.

Zhu, X.

X. Zhu, R. A. Farrer, and J. T. Fourkas, "Optical Kerr Effect Spectroscopy Using Time-Delayed Pairs of Pump Pulses with Orthogonal Polarizations," J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 8481-8488 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhu, R. A. Farrer, E. Gershgoren, H. C. Kapteyn, and J. T. Fourkas, "Mode-Selective Optical Kerr Effect Spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 3384-3386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Acc. Chem. Res. (1)

R. A. Farrer, and J. T. Fourkas, "Orientational Dynamics of Liquids Confined in Nanoporous Sol-Gel Glasses Studied by Optical Kerr Effect Spectroscopy," Acc. Chem. Res. 36, 605-612 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (3)

M. Neelakandan, D. Pant, and E. L. Quitevis, "Reorientational and Intermolecular Dynamics in Binary Liquid Mixtures of Hexafluorobenzene and Benzene: Femtosecond Optical Kerr Effect Measurements," Chem. Phys. Lett. 265, 283-292 (1997).
[CrossRef]

C. Kalpouzos, D. McMorrow, W. T. Lotshaw, and G. A. Kenney-Wallace, "Femtosecond Laser-Induced Optical Kerr Dynamics in CS2/Alkane Binary Solutions," Chem. Phys. Lett. 150, 138-146 (1988).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Eaves, C. J. Fecko, A. L. Stevens, P. Peng, and A. Tokmakoff, "Polarization-Selective Femtosecond Raman Spectroscopy of Low-Frequency Motions in Hydrated Protein Films," Chem. Phys. Lett. 376, 20-25 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Int. J. Mod. Phys. B (1)

S. Kinoshita, Y. Kai, T. Ariyoshi, and Y. Shimada, "Low Frequency Modes Probed by Time-Domain Optical Kerr Effect Spectroscopy," Int. J. Mod. Phys. B 10, 1229-1272 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Int. Rev. Phys. Chem. (1)

N. A. Smith, and S. R. Meech, "Optically-Heterodyne-Detected Optical Kerr Effect (OHD-OKE): Applications in Condensed Phase Dynamics," Int. Rev. Phys. Chem. 21, 75-100 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (1)

H. Shirota, and E. W. Castner, "Ultrafast Dynamics in Aqueous Polyacrylamide Solutions," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 123, 12877-12885 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Chem. Phys. (8)

N. T. Hunt, and S. R. Meech, "Orientational and Interaction Induced Dynamics in the Isotropic Phase of a Liquid Crystal: Polarization Resolved Ultrafast Optical Kerr Effect Spectroscopy," J. Chem. Phys. 120, 10828-10836 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. L. Murry, and J. T. Fourkas, "Polarization Selectivity of Nonresonant Spectroscopies in Isotropic Media," J. Chem. Phys. 107, 9726-9740 (1997).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Loughnane, A. Scodinu, R. A. Farrer, J. T. Fourkas, and U. Mohanty, "Exponential Intermolecular Dynamics in Optical Kerr Effect Spectroscopy of Small-Molecule Liquids," J. Chem. Phys. 111, 2686-2694 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. J. Fecko, J. D. Eaves, and A. Tokmakoff, "Isotropic and Anisotropic Raman Scattering from Molecular Liquids Measured by Spatially Masked Optical Kerr Effect Spectroscopy," J. Chem. Phys. 117, 1139-1154 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Chang, P. Cong, and J. D. Simon, "Isotropic and Anisotropic Intermolecular Dynamics of Liquids Studied by Femtosecond Position-Sensitive Kerr Lens Spectroscopy," J. Chem. Phys. 106, 8639-8649 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. A. Farrer, B. J. Loughnane, L. A. Deschenes, and J. T. Fourkas, "Level-Dependent Damping in Intermolecular Vibrations: Linear Spectroscopy," J. Chem. Phys. 106, 6901-6915 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. L. Murry, J. T. Fourkas, and T. Keyes, "Nonresonant Intermolecular Spectroscopy Beyond the Placzek Approximation. I. Third-Order Spectroscopy," J. Chem. Phys. 109, 2814-2825 (1998).
[CrossRef]

E. B. Bradley, M. S. Mathur, and C. A. Frenzel, "New Measurements of the Infrared and the Raman Spectrum of S2Cl2," J. Chem. Phys. 47, 4325-4329 (1967).
[CrossRef]

J. Mol. Liq. (1)

E. W. CastnerJr., and M. Maroncelli, "Solvent Dynamics Derived from Optical Kerr Effect, Dielectric Dispersion, and Time-Resolved Stokes Shift Measurements: An Empirical Comparison," J. Mol. Liq. 77, 1-36 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Mol. Struct. (1)

S. G. Frankiss, "Vibrational Spectra and Structures of S2Cl2, S2Br2, Se2Cl2, and Se2Br2," J. Mol. Struct. 2, 271-279 (1968).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. (2)

P. Cong, Y. J. Chang, and J. D. Simon, "Complete Determination of Intermolecular Spectral Densities of Liquids Using Position-Sensitive Kerr Lens Spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem. 100, 8613-8616 (1996).
[CrossRef]

D. McMorrow, and W. T. Lotshaw, "Intermolecular Dynamics in Acetonitrile Probed with Femtosecond Fourier Transform Raman Spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem. 95, 10395-10406 (1991).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. A (1)

T. Steffen, N. A. C. M. Meinders, and K. Duppen, "Microscopic Origin of the Optical Kerr Effect Response of CS2-Pentane Binary Mixtures," J. Phys. Chem. A 102, 4213-4221 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. B (6)

A. Scodinu, and J. T. Fourkas, "Intermolecular Dynamics and Structure of Carbon Disulfide in Isoviscous Alkane Solutions: An Optical Kerr Effect Study," J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 44-51 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. T. Hunt, A. A. Jaye, and S. R. Meech, "Ultrafast Dynamics in Microemulsions: Optical Kerr Effect Study of the Dispersed Oil Phase in a Carbon Disulfide-Dodecyltrimethylammonium Bromide-Water Microemulsion," J. Phys. Chem. B 107, 3405-3418 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. T. Hunt, A. A. Jaye, A. Hellman, and S. R. Meech, "Ultrafast Dynamics of Styrene Microemulsions, Polystyrene Nanolatexes, and Structural Analogues of Polystyrene," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 100-108 (2004).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Loughnane, R. A. Farrer, A. Scodinu, T. Reilly, and J. T. Fourkas, "Ultrafast Spectroscopic Studies of the Dynamics of Liquids Confined in Nanoporous Glasses," J. Phys. Chem. B 104, 5421-5429 (2000).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhu, R. A. Farrer, and J. T. Fourkas, "Optical Kerr Effect Spectroscopy Using Time-Delayed Pairs of Pump Pulses with Orthogonal Polarizations," J. Phys. Chem. B 109, 8481-8488 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhu, R. A. Farrer, E. Gershgoren, H. C. Kapteyn, and J. T. Fourkas, "Mode-Selective Optical Kerr Effect Spectroscopy," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 3384-3386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

D. McMorrow, "Separation of Nuclear and Electronic Contributions to Femtosecond Four-Wave Mixing Data," Opt. Commun. 86, 236-244 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Science (1)

R. Righini, "Ultrafast Optical Kerr Effect in Liquids and Solids," Science 262, 1386-1390 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

J. T. Fourkas, "Nonresonant Intermolecular Spectroscopy of Liquids," in Ultrafast Infrared and Raman Spectroscopy, M. D. Fayer, ed. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 2001), pp. 473-512.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup for ARKS. HWP = half-wave plate, Pol = polarizer, QWP = quarter-wave plate, PBC = polarizing beam cube, oe-15-11-6561-i001 = vertical polarization, ↔ = horizontal polarization. Blue denotes polarizations before the sample and red polarizations after the sample. The mirror in the green block can be removed to measure the depolarized OKE response.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Pathways through which horizontally-polarized light that enters the ARKS apparatus can exit in the direction in which the signal is detected. Reflections of the predominantly transmitted horizontal polarization are indicated with red arrows.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Normalized ARKS data for CS2 under difference polarization conditions. The data have been offset vertically for clarity.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Normalized ARKS data for S2Cl2 under difference polarization conditions. The data have been offset vertically for clarity.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Depolarized and isotropic OKE power spectra for S2Cl2. The two spectra are not to scale.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Normalized S2Cl2 ARKS data for the xxxx and yyxx tensor elements, as well as scans in which these tesnor elements are optically subtracted with different time shifts to enhance or suppress the contribution of the v 3 mode.

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