Abstract

Surface plasmon resonance (SPR) sensors represent a suitable method for broadband acoustic pulse detection. The reflectivity and phase of a p-polarized laser beam incident on an optical device under SPR conditions are strongly dependent on ambient conditions that are changed by an acoustic wave. Depending on the order of layers, SPR sensors can be arranged in the Kretschmann or in the Otto configuration acting as a pressure or as a displacement sensor. The aim of this study was to compare both configurations and to find linear and sensitive conditions for the application. Numerical calculations were carried out varying the layer dimensions and the angle of incidence. The results of the experimental investigation on both configurations confirm the working principle.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. H. P. Ho and W. W. Lam, "Application of differential phase measurement technique to Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensors," Sens. Actuators B 96,554-559 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  5. C. M. Wu and M. C. Pao, "Sensitivity-tunable optical sensors based on Surface Plasmon Resonance and Phase Detection," Opt. Express 12,3509-3514 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Y. Xinglong, W. Dingxin, and Y. Zibo, "Simulation and analysis of surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on phase detection," Sens. Actuators B 91,285-290 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  14. A. A. Oraevsky, S. L. Jacques, and F. K. Tittel, "Measurement of tissue optical properties by time-resolved detection of laser-induced transient stress," Appl. Opt. 36,402-415 (1997).
  15. A. A. Karabutov, N. B. Podymova, and V. S. Letokhov, "Time-resolved laser optoacoustic tomography of inhomogeneous media," Appl. Phys. B 63,545-563 (1996).

2005

2004

2003

Y. Xinglong, W. Dingxin, and Y. Zibo, "Simulation and analysis of surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on phase detection," Sens. Actuators B 91,285-290 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. P. Ho and W. W. Lam, "Application of differential phase measurement technique to Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensors," Sens. Actuators B 96,554-559 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002

H. P. Ho, W. W. Lam, and S. Y. Wu, "Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensor based on the measurement of differential phase," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73,3534-3539 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. D. Alcock and D. C. Emmony, "Sensitivity of Reflection Transducers," J. Appl. Phys. 92,1630-1642 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999

J. Boneberg, S. Briaudeau, Z. Demirplak, V. Dobler, and P. Leiderer, "Two-dimensional pressure measurements with nanosecond time resolution," Appl. Phys. A 69[Suppl.],S557-S560 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

A.V. Kabashin, V. E. Kochergin, A. A. Beloglazov, and P. I. Nikitin, "Phase-polaristion contrast for surface plasmon resonance biosensors," Biosens. Bioelectron. 13,1263-1269 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997

G. Paltauf and H. Schmidt-Kloiber, "Measurement of laser-induced acoustic waves with a calibrated optical transducer," J. Appl. Phys. 82,1525-1531 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Oraevsky, S. L. Jacques, and F. K. Tittel, "Measurement of tissue optical properties by time-resolved detection of laser-induced transient stress," Appl. Opt. 36,402-415 (1997).

1996

A. Schilling, O. Yavas, J. Bischof, J. Boneberg, and P. Leiderer, "Absolute pressure measurements on a nanosecond time scale using surface plasmons," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69,4159-4161 (1996).
[CrossRef]

G. Paltauf, H. Schmidt-Kloiber, and H. Guss, "Light distribution measurements in absorbing materials by optical detection of laser-induced stress waves," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69,1526-1528 (1996).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Karabutov, N. B. Podymova, and V. S. Letokhov, "Time-resolved laser optoacoustic tomography of inhomogeneous media," Appl. Phys. B 63,545-563 (1996).

Alcock, R. D.

R. D. Alcock and D. C. Emmony, "Sensitivity of Reflection Transducers," J. Appl. Phys. 92,1630-1642 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Beloglazov, A. A.

A.V. Kabashin, V. E. Kochergin, A. A. Beloglazov, and P. I. Nikitin, "Phase-polaristion contrast for surface plasmon resonance biosensors," Biosens. Bioelectron. 13,1263-1269 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bischof, J.

A. Schilling, O. Yavas, J. Bischof, J. Boneberg, and P. Leiderer, "Absolute pressure measurements on a nanosecond time scale using surface plasmons," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69,4159-4161 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Boneberg, J.

J. Boneberg, S. Briaudeau, Z. Demirplak, V. Dobler, and P. Leiderer, "Two-dimensional pressure measurements with nanosecond time resolution," Appl. Phys. A 69[Suppl.],S557-S560 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Schilling, O. Yavas, J. Bischof, J. Boneberg, and P. Leiderer, "Absolute pressure measurements on a nanosecond time scale using surface plasmons," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69,4159-4161 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Briaudeau, S.

J. Boneberg, S. Briaudeau, Z. Demirplak, V. Dobler, and P. Leiderer, "Two-dimensional pressure measurements with nanosecond time resolution," Appl. Phys. A 69[Suppl.],S557-S560 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chen, S. J.

Demirplak, Z.

J. Boneberg, S. Briaudeau, Z. Demirplak, V. Dobler, and P. Leiderer, "Two-dimensional pressure measurements with nanosecond time resolution," Appl. Phys. A 69[Suppl.],S557-S560 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dingxin, W.

Y. Xinglong, W. Dingxin, and Y. Zibo, "Simulation and analysis of surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on phase detection," Sens. Actuators B 91,285-290 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dobler, V.

J. Boneberg, S. Briaudeau, Z. Demirplak, V. Dobler, and P. Leiderer, "Two-dimensional pressure measurements with nanosecond time resolution," Appl. Phys. A 69[Suppl.],S557-S560 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Emmony, D. C.

R. D. Alcock and D. C. Emmony, "Sensitivity of Reflection Transducers," J. Appl. Phys. 92,1630-1642 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Guss, H.

G. Paltauf, H. Schmidt-Kloiber, and H. Guss, "Light distribution measurements in absorbing materials by optical detection of laser-induced stress waves," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69,1526-1528 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ho, H. P.

S. Y. Wu, H. P. Ho, W. C. Law, C. L. Lin, and S. K. Kong, "Highly sensitive differential phase-sensitive Surface Plasmon Resonance Biosensor based on the Mach-Zehnder configuration," Opt. Lett. 29,2378-2380 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. P. Ho and W. W. Lam, "Application of differential phase measurement technique to Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensors," Sens. Actuators B 96,554-559 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. P. Ho, W. W. Lam, and S. Y. Wu, "Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensor based on the measurement of differential phase," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73,3534-3539 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jacques, S. L.

Kabashin, A.V.

A.V. Kabashin, V. E. Kochergin, A. A. Beloglazov, and P. I. Nikitin, "Phase-polaristion contrast for surface plasmon resonance biosensors," Biosens. Bioelectron. 13,1263-1269 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Karabutov, A. A.

A. A. Karabutov, N. B. Podymova, and V. S. Letokhov, "Time-resolved laser optoacoustic tomography of inhomogeneous media," Appl. Phys. B 63,545-563 (1996).

Kochergin, V. E.

A.V. Kabashin, V. E. Kochergin, A. A. Beloglazov, and P. I. Nikitin, "Phase-polaristion contrast for surface plasmon resonance biosensors," Biosens. Bioelectron. 13,1263-1269 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kong, S. K.

Lam, W. W.

H. P. Ho and W. W. Lam, "Application of differential phase measurement technique to Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensors," Sens. Actuators B 96,554-559 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. P. Ho, W. W. Lam, and S. Y. Wu, "Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensor based on the measurement of differential phase," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73,3534-3539 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Law, W. C.

Leiderer, P.

J. Boneberg, S. Briaudeau, Z. Demirplak, V. Dobler, and P. Leiderer, "Two-dimensional pressure measurements with nanosecond time resolution," Appl. Phys. A 69[Suppl.],S557-S560 (1999).
[CrossRef]

A. Schilling, O. Yavas, J. Bischof, J. Boneberg, and P. Leiderer, "Absolute pressure measurements on a nanosecond time scale using surface plasmons," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69,4159-4161 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Letokhov, V. S.

A. A. Karabutov, N. B. Podymova, and V. S. Letokhov, "Time-resolved laser optoacoustic tomography of inhomogeneous media," Appl. Phys. B 63,545-563 (1996).

Lin, C. L.

Nikitin, P. I.

A.V. Kabashin, V. E. Kochergin, A. A. Beloglazov, and P. I. Nikitin, "Phase-polaristion contrast for surface plasmon resonance biosensors," Biosens. Bioelectron. 13,1263-1269 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Oraevsky, A. A.

Paltauf, G.

G. Paltauf and H. Schmidt-Kloiber, "Measurement of laser-induced acoustic waves with a calibrated optical transducer," J. Appl. Phys. 82,1525-1531 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. Paltauf, H. Schmidt-Kloiber, and H. Guss, "Light distribution measurements in absorbing materials by optical detection of laser-induced stress waves," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69,1526-1528 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Pao, M. C.

Podymova, N. B.

A. A. Karabutov, N. B. Podymova, and V. S. Letokhov, "Time-resolved laser optoacoustic tomography of inhomogeneous media," Appl. Phys. B 63,545-563 (1996).

Schilling, A.

A. Schilling, O. Yavas, J. Bischof, J. Boneberg, and P. Leiderer, "Absolute pressure measurements on a nanosecond time scale using surface plasmons," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69,4159-4161 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt-Kloiber, H.

G. Paltauf and H. Schmidt-Kloiber, "Measurement of laser-induced acoustic waves with a calibrated optical transducer," J. Appl. Phys. 82,1525-1531 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. Paltauf, H. Schmidt-Kloiber, and H. Guss, "Light distribution measurements in absorbing materials by optical detection of laser-induced stress waves," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69,1526-1528 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Su, Y. D.

Tittel, F. K.

Wu, C. M.

Wu, S. Y.

S. Y. Wu, H. P. Ho, W. C. Law, C. L. Lin, and S. K. Kong, "Highly sensitive differential phase-sensitive Surface Plasmon Resonance Biosensor based on the Mach-Zehnder configuration," Opt. Lett. 29,2378-2380 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. P. Ho, W. W. Lam, and S. Y. Wu, "Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensor based on the measurement of differential phase," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73,3534-3539 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Xinglong, Y.

Y. Xinglong, W. Dingxin, and Y. Zibo, "Simulation and analysis of surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on phase detection," Sens. Actuators B 91,285-290 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yavas, O.

A. Schilling, O. Yavas, J. Bischof, J. Boneberg, and P. Leiderer, "Absolute pressure measurements on a nanosecond time scale using surface plasmons," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69,4159-4161 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, T. L.

Zibo, Y.

Y. Xinglong, W. Dingxin, and Y. Zibo, "Simulation and analysis of surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on phase detection," Sens. Actuators B 91,285-290 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Appl. Phys. A

J. Boneberg, S. Briaudeau, Z. Demirplak, V. Dobler, and P. Leiderer, "Two-dimensional pressure measurements with nanosecond time resolution," Appl. Phys. A 69[Suppl.],S557-S560 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B

A. A. Karabutov, N. B. Podymova, and V. S. Letokhov, "Time-resolved laser optoacoustic tomography of inhomogeneous media," Appl. Phys. B 63,545-563 (1996).

Appl. Phys. Lett.

A. Schilling, O. Yavas, J. Bischof, J. Boneberg, and P. Leiderer, "Absolute pressure measurements on a nanosecond time scale using surface plasmons," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69,4159-4161 (1996).
[CrossRef]

G. Paltauf, H. Schmidt-Kloiber, and H. Guss, "Light distribution measurements in absorbing materials by optical detection of laser-induced stress waves," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69,1526-1528 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Biosens. Bioelectron.

A.V. Kabashin, V. E. Kochergin, A. A. Beloglazov, and P. I. Nikitin, "Phase-polaristion contrast for surface plasmon resonance biosensors," Biosens. Bioelectron. 13,1263-1269 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys.

R. D. Alcock and D. C. Emmony, "Sensitivity of Reflection Transducers," J. Appl. Phys. 92,1630-1642 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. Paltauf and H. Schmidt-Kloiber, "Measurement of laser-induced acoustic waves with a calibrated optical transducer," J. Appl. Phys. 82,1525-1531 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Rev. Sci. Instrum.

H. P. Ho, W. W. Lam, and S. Y. Wu, "Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensor based on the measurement of differential phase," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 73,3534-3539 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sens. Actuators B

H. P. Ho and W. W. Lam, "Application of differential phase measurement technique to Surface Plasmon Resonance Sensors," Sens. Actuators B 96,554-559 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. Xinglong, W. Dingxin, and Y. Zibo, "Simulation and analysis of surface plasmon resonance biosensor based on phase detection," Sens. Actuators B 91,285-290 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other

H. Raether, Surface Plasmons on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings, (Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg 1988).

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