Abstract

Using four-wave mixing in a 35-cm highly nonlinear bismuth-oxide fiber incorporated in an erbium-doped fiber laser, a stable dual-wavelength output is obtained. The spectral spacing has been tuned from 1.3 to 7.2 nm with a tunable fiber Bragg grating. Simultaneous tuning of the two wavelengths over 20 nm is also demonstrated using a tunable bandpass filter together with a birefringent filter defining a 100-GHz frequency comb. The output stability has been experimentally analyzed. An abrupt reduction in the intensity fluctuation is observed when the amplifier output power reaches 22.0 dBm. At 22.3 dBm, the fluctuation attains a lower limit of ~1 dB.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. M. Tadakuma, O. Aso, and S. Namiki, "A 104 GHz 328 fs soliton pulse train generation through a comb-like dispersion profiled fiber using short high nonlinearity dispersion fibers," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 3 of 2000 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper ThL3-1.
  2. A. J. Ruggiero, M. W. Bowers, and R. A. Young, "Mini-AM DIAL System," in Laser and Electro-Optics 1999, Summary of Papers (Optical Society of America, 1999), paper CFE6.
  3. L. Xia, P. Shum, and T. H. Cheng, "Photonic generation of microwave signals using a dual-transmission-band FBG filter with controllable wavelength spacing," Appl. Phys. B 86, 61-64 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. D. Liu, N. Q. Ngo, G. Ning, P. Shum, S. C. Tjin, "Tunable microwave photonic notch filter using a dual-wavelength fiber laser with phase modulation," Opt. Commun. 266, 240-248 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. Chow, G. Town, B. Eggleton, M. Ibsen, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, "Multiwavelength generation in an erbium-doped fiber laser using in-fiber comb filters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 60-62 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Bellemare, M. Karasek, M. Rochette, S. LaRochelle, and M. Tetu, "Room temperature multifrequency erbium-doped fiber lasers anchored on the ITU frequency grid," J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 825- 831 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Y.-G. Han, G. Kim, J. H. Lee, S. H. Kim, and S. B. Lee, "Lasing wavelength and spacing switchable multiwavelength fiber laser from 1510 to 1620 nm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 989-991 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. Y. Liu, X. Feng, S. Yuan, G. Kai, and X. Dong, "Simultaneous four-wavelength lasing oscillations in an erbium-doped fiber laser with two high birefringence fiber Bragg gratings," Opt. Express 12, 2056-2061 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Y. Dai, X. Chen, J. Sun, Y. Yao, and S. Xie, "Dual-wavelength DFB fiber laser based on a chirped structure and the equivalent phase shift method," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1964-1966 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Y. J. Song, L. Zhan, J. H. Ji, Y. Su, Q. H. Ye, and Y. X. Xia, "Self-seeded multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 30, 486-488 (2005), and references therein.
    [CrossRef]
  11. X. Liu, X. Yang, F. Lu, J. Ng, X. Zhou, and C. Lu, "Stable and uniform dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on fiber Bragg gratings and photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Express 13, 142-147 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  12. X. Yang, X. Dong, S. Zhang, F. Lu, X. Zhou, and C. Lu, "Multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with 0.8-nm spacing using sampled Bragg grating and photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2538-2540 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  13. A. Zhang, H. Liu, M. S. Demokan, and H. Y. Tam, "Stable and broad bandwidth multiwavelength fiber ring laser incorporating a highly nonlinear photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2535-2537 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  14. N. Sugimoto, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, K. Taira, and K. Kikuchi, "Bismuth-based optical fiber with nonlinear coefficient of 1360 W-1km-1," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 2004 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper PDP26.
  15. Y.-G. Han, T. V. A. Tran, and S. B. Lee, "Wavelength-spacing tunable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on four-wave mixing of dispersion shifted fiber," Opt. Lett. 31, 697-699 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  16. R. M. Sova, C. S. Kim, and J. U. Kang, "Tunable all-fiber birefringence comb filters," Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit 2002, pp. 698 - 699, 2002.
  17. M. P. Fok, K. L. Lee, and C. Shu, "Waveband-switchable SOA ring laser constructed with a phase modulator loop mirror filter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1393-1395 (2005).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (4)

L. Xia, P. Shum, and T. H. Cheng, "Photonic generation of microwave signals using a dual-transmission-band FBG filter with controllable wavelength spacing," Appl. Phys. B 86, 61-64 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D. Liu, N. Q. Ngo, G. Ning, P. Shum, S. C. Tjin, "Tunable microwave photonic notch filter using a dual-wavelength fiber laser with phase modulation," Opt. Commun. 266, 240-248 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y. Dai, X. Chen, J. Sun, Y. Yao, and S. Xie, "Dual-wavelength DFB fiber laser based on a chirped structure and the equivalent phase shift method," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1964-1966 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y.-G. Han, T. V. A. Tran, and S. B. Lee, "Wavelength-spacing tunable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on four-wave mixing of dispersion shifted fiber," Opt. Lett. 31, 697-699 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (6)

M. P. Fok, K. L. Lee, and C. Shu, "Waveband-switchable SOA ring laser constructed with a phase modulator loop mirror filter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1393-1395 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. J. Song, L. Zhan, J. H. Ji, Y. Su, Q. H. Ye, and Y. X. Xia, "Self-seeded multiwavelength Brillouin-erbium fiber laser," Opt. Lett. 30, 486-488 (2005), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, X. Yang, F. Lu, J. Ng, X. Zhou, and C. Lu, "Stable and uniform dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on fiber Bragg gratings and photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Express 13, 142-147 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. Yang, X. Dong, S. Zhang, F. Lu, X. Zhou, and C. Lu, "Multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with 0.8-nm spacing using sampled Bragg grating and photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2538-2540 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Zhang, H. Liu, M. S. Demokan, and H. Y. Tam, "Stable and broad bandwidth multiwavelength fiber ring laser incorporating a highly nonlinear photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2535-2537 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y.-G. Han, G. Kim, J. H. Lee, S. H. Kim, and S. B. Lee, "Lasing wavelength and spacing switchable multiwavelength fiber laser from 1510 to 1620 nm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 989-991 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

2000 (1)

1996 (1)

J. Chow, G. Town, B. Eggleton, M. Ibsen, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, "Multiwavelength generation in an erbium-doped fiber laser using in-fiber comb filters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 60-62 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bellemare, A.

Bennion, I.

J. Chow, G. Town, B. Eggleton, M. Ibsen, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, "Multiwavelength generation in an erbium-doped fiber laser using in-fiber comb filters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 60-62 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Chen, X.

Y. Dai, X. Chen, J. Sun, Y. Yao, and S. Xie, "Dual-wavelength DFB fiber laser based on a chirped structure and the equivalent phase shift method," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1964-1966 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, T. H.

L. Xia, P. Shum, and T. H. Cheng, "Photonic generation of microwave signals using a dual-transmission-band FBG filter with controllable wavelength spacing," Appl. Phys. B 86, 61-64 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chow, J.

J. Chow, G. Town, B. Eggleton, M. Ibsen, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, "Multiwavelength generation in an erbium-doped fiber laser using in-fiber comb filters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 60-62 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dai, Y.

Y. Dai, X. Chen, J. Sun, Y. Yao, and S. Xie, "Dual-wavelength DFB fiber laser based on a chirped structure and the equivalent phase shift method," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1964-1966 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Demokan, M. S.

A. Zhang, H. Liu, M. S. Demokan, and H. Y. Tam, "Stable and broad bandwidth multiwavelength fiber ring laser incorporating a highly nonlinear photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2535-2537 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dong, X.

X. Yang, X. Dong, S. Zhang, F. Lu, X. Zhou, and C. Lu, "Multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with 0.8-nm spacing using sampled Bragg grating and photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2538-2540 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, X. Feng, S. Yuan, G. Kai, and X. Dong, "Simultaneous four-wavelength lasing oscillations in an erbium-doped fiber laser with two high birefringence fiber Bragg gratings," Opt. Express 12, 2056-2061 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B.

J. Chow, G. Town, B. Eggleton, M. Ibsen, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, "Multiwavelength generation in an erbium-doped fiber laser using in-fiber comb filters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 60-62 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Feng, X.

Fok, M. P.

M. P. Fok, K. L. Lee, and C. Shu, "Waveband-switchable SOA ring laser constructed with a phase modulator loop mirror filter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1393-1395 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Han, Y.-G.

Y.-G. Han, T. V. A. Tran, and S. B. Lee, "Wavelength-spacing tunable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on four-wave mixing of dispersion shifted fiber," Opt. Lett. 31, 697-699 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y.-G. Han, G. Kim, J. H. Lee, S. H. Kim, and S. B. Lee, "Lasing wavelength and spacing switchable multiwavelength fiber laser from 1510 to 1620 nm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 989-991 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ibsen, M.

J. Chow, G. Town, B. Eggleton, M. Ibsen, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, "Multiwavelength generation in an erbium-doped fiber laser using in-fiber comb filters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 60-62 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ji, J. H.

Kai, G.

Karasek, M.

Kim, G.

Y.-G. Han, G. Kim, J. H. Lee, S. H. Kim, and S. B. Lee, "Lasing wavelength and spacing switchable multiwavelength fiber laser from 1510 to 1620 nm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 989-991 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kim, S. H.

Y.-G. Han, G. Kim, J. H. Lee, S. H. Kim, and S. B. Lee, "Lasing wavelength and spacing switchable multiwavelength fiber laser from 1510 to 1620 nm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 989-991 (2005).
[CrossRef]

LaRochelle, S.

Lee, J. H.

Y.-G. Han, G. Kim, J. H. Lee, S. H. Kim, and S. B. Lee, "Lasing wavelength and spacing switchable multiwavelength fiber laser from 1510 to 1620 nm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 989-991 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, K. L.

M. P. Fok, K. L. Lee, and C. Shu, "Waveband-switchable SOA ring laser constructed with a phase modulator loop mirror filter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1393-1395 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S. B.

Y.-G. Han, T. V. A. Tran, and S. B. Lee, "Wavelength-spacing tunable multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on four-wave mixing of dispersion shifted fiber," Opt. Lett. 31, 697-699 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Y.-G. Han, G. Kim, J. H. Lee, S. H. Kim, and S. B. Lee, "Lasing wavelength and spacing switchable multiwavelength fiber laser from 1510 to 1620 nm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 989-991 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, D.

D. Liu, N. Q. Ngo, G. Ning, P. Shum, S. C. Tjin, "Tunable microwave photonic notch filter using a dual-wavelength fiber laser with phase modulation," Opt. Commun. 266, 240-248 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Liu, H.

A. Zhang, H. Liu, M. S. Demokan, and H. Y. Tam, "Stable and broad bandwidth multiwavelength fiber ring laser incorporating a highly nonlinear photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2535-2537 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

Liu, Y.

Lu, C.

X. Liu, X. Yang, F. Lu, J. Ng, X. Zhou, and C. Lu, "Stable and uniform dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on fiber Bragg gratings and photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Express 13, 142-147 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. Yang, X. Dong, S. Zhang, F. Lu, X. Zhou, and C. Lu, "Multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with 0.8-nm spacing using sampled Bragg grating and photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2538-2540 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lu, F.

X. Yang, X. Dong, S. Zhang, F. Lu, X. Zhou, and C. Lu, "Multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with 0.8-nm spacing using sampled Bragg grating and photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2538-2540 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, X. Yang, F. Lu, J. Ng, X. Zhou, and C. Lu, "Stable and uniform dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on fiber Bragg gratings and photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Express 13, 142-147 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ng, J.

Ngo, N. Q.

D. Liu, N. Q. Ngo, G. Ning, P. Shum, S. C. Tjin, "Tunable microwave photonic notch filter using a dual-wavelength fiber laser with phase modulation," Opt. Commun. 266, 240-248 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ning, G.

D. Liu, N. Q. Ngo, G. Ning, P. Shum, S. C. Tjin, "Tunable microwave photonic notch filter using a dual-wavelength fiber laser with phase modulation," Opt. Commun. 266, 240-248 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rochette, M.

Shu, C.

M. P. Fok, K. L. Lee, and C. Shu, "Waveband-switchable SOA ring laser constructed with a phase modulator loop mirror filter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1393-1395 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shum, P.

D. Liu, N. Q. Ngo, G. Ning, P. Shum, S. C. Tjin, "Tunable microwave photonic notch filter using a dual-wavelength fiber laser with phase modulation," Opt. Commun. 266, 240-248 (2006).
[CrossRef]

L. Xia, P. Shum, and T. H. Cheng, "Photonic generation of microwave signals using a dual-transmission-band FBG filter with controllable wavelength spacing," Appl. Phys. B 86, 61-64 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Song, Y. J.

Su, Y.

Sugden, K.

J. Chow, G. Town, B. Eggleton, M. Ibsen, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, "Multiwavelength generation in an erbium-doped fiber laser using in-fiber comb filters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 60-62 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sun, J.

Y. Dai, X. Chen, J. Sun, Y. Yao, and S. Xie, "Dual-wavelength DFB fiber laser based on a chirped structure and the equivalent phase shift method," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1964-1966 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Tam, H. Y.

A. Zhang, H. Liu, M. S. Demokan, and H. Y. Tam, "Stable and broad bandwidth multiwavelength fiber ring laser incorporating a highly nonlinear photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2535-2537 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tetu, M.

Tjin, S. C.

D. Liu, N. Q. Ngo, G. Ning, P. Shum, S. C. Tjin, "Tunable microwave photonic notch filter using a dual-wavelength fiber laser with phase modulation," Opt. Commun. 266, 240-248 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Town, G.

J. Chow, G. Town, B. Eggleton, M. Ibsen, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, "Multiwavelength generation in an erbium-doped fiber laser using in-fiber comb filters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 60-62 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Tran, T. V. A.

Xia, L.

L. Xia, P. Shum, and T. H. Cheng, "Photonic generation of microwave signals using a dual-transmission-band FBG filter with controllable wavelength spacing," Appl. Phys. B 86, 61-64 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Xia, Y. X.

Xie, S.

Y. Dai, X. Chen, J. Sun, Y. Yao, and S. Xie, "Dual-wavelength DFB fiber laser based on a chirped structure and the equivalent phase shift method," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1964-1966 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yang, X.

X. Liu, X. Yang, F. Lu, J. Ng, X. Zhou, and C. Lu, "Stable and uniform dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on fiber Bragg gratings and photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Express 13, 142-147 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. Yang, X. Dong, S. Zhang, F. Lu, X. Zhou, and C. Lu, "Multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with 0.8-nm spacing using sampled Bragg grating and photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2538-2540 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yao, Y.

Y. Dai, X. Chen, J. Sun, Y. Yao, and S. Xie, "Dual-wavelength DFB fiber laser based on a chirped structure and the equivalent phase shift method," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1964-1966 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ye, Q. H.

Yuan, S.

Zhan, L.

Zhang, A.

A. Zhang, H. Liu, M. S. Demokan, and H. Y. Tam, "Stable and broad bandwidth multiwavelength fiber ring laser incorporating a highly nonlinear photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2535-2537 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, S.

X. Yang, X. Dong, S. Zhang, F. Lu, X. Zhou, and C. Lu, "Multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with 0.8-nm spacing using sampled Bragg grating and photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2538-2540 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, X.

X. Liu, X. Yang, F. Lu, J. Ng, X. Zhou, and C. Lu, "Stable and uniform dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on fiber Bragg gratings and photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Express 13, 142-147 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. Yang, X. Dong, S. Zhang, F. Lu, X. Zhou, and C. Lu, "Multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with 0.8-nm spacing using sampled Bragg grating and photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2538-2540 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

L. Xia, P. Shum, and T. H. Cheng, "Photonic generation of microwave signals using a dual-transmission-band FBG filter with controllable wavelength spacing," Appl. Phys. B 86, 61-64 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (6)

J. Chow, G. Town, B. Eggleton, M. Ibsen, K. Sugden, and I. Bennion, "Multiwavelength generation in an erbium-doped fiber laser using in-fiber comb filters," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 60-62 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Y.-G. Han, G. Kim, J. H. Lee, S. H. Kim, and S. B. Lee, "Lasing wavelength and spacing switchable multiwavelength fiber laser from 1510 to 1620 nm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 989-991 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Dai, X. Chen, J. Sun, Y. Yao, and S. Xie, "Dual-wavelength DFB fiber laser based on a chirped structure and the equivalent phase shift method," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1964-1966 (2006).
[CrossRef]

X. Yang, X. Dong, S. Zhang, F. Lu, X. Zhou, and C. Lu, "Multiwavelength erbium-doped fiber laser with 0.8-nm spacing using sampled Bragg grating and photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2538-2540 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Zhang, H. Liu, M. S. Demokan, and H. Y. Tam, "Stable and broad bandwidth multiwavelength fiber ring laser incorporating a highly nonlinear photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2535-2537 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. P. Fok, K. L. Lee, and C. Shu, "Waveband-switchable SOA ring laser constructed with a phase modulator loop mirror filter," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1393-1395 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

D. Liu, N. Q. Ngo, G. Ning, P. Shum, S. C. Tjin, "Tunable microwave photonic notch filter using a dual-wavelength fiber laser with phase modulation," Opt. Commun. 266, 240-248 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (4)

N. Sugimoto, T. Nagashima, T. Hasegawa, S. Ohara, K. Taira, and K. Kikuchi, "Bismuth-based optical fiber with nonlinear coefficient of 1360 W-1km-1," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 2 of 2004 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper PDP26.

R. M. Sova, C. S. Kim, and J. U. Kang, "Tunable all-fiber birefringence comb filters," Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exhibit 2002, pp. 698 - 699, 2002.

M. Tadakuma, O. Aso, and S. Namiki, "A 104 GHz 328 fs soliton pulse train generation through a comb-like dispersion profiled fiber using short high nonlinearity dispersion fibers," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Vol. 3 of 2000 OSA Technical Digest Series (Optical Society of America, 2000), paper ThL3-1.

A. J. Ruggiero, M. W. Bowers, and R. A. Young, "Mini-AM DIAL System," in Laser and Electro-Optics 1999, Summary of Papers (Optical Society of America, 1999), paper CFE6.

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