T. Tarvainen, M. Vauhkonen, V. Kolehmainen, and J. Kaipio, "Finite element model for the coupled radiative transfer equation and diffusion approximation," Int. J. Numer. Methods Eng., 65,383-405 (2006).

[CrossRef]

D. A. Boas, D. H. Brooks, E. L. Miller, C. A. Dimarzio, M. Kilmer, R. J. Gaudette, and Q. Zhang, "Imaging the body with diffuse optical tomography," IEEE Signal Process Mag.57-75 (2001).

[CrossRef]

B. Q. Chen, K. Stamnes, and J. J. Stamnes, "Validity of the diffusion approximation in bio-optical imaging", Appl. Opt. 40,6356-6366 (2001).

[CrossRef]

S. R. Arridge, "Optical tomography in medical imaging," Inv. Probl. 15,R41-R93 (1999).

[CrossRef]

A. H. Hielscher, R. E. Alcouffe, and R. L. Barbour, "Comparison of finite difference transport and diffusion calculations for photon migration in homogeneous and heterogeneous tissues," Phys. Med. Biol. 43, 1285-1302 (1998).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

K. T. Moesta, S. Fantini, H. Jess, S. Totkas, M. A. Franceschini, M. Kaschke, and P. M. Schlag, "Constrast features of breast cancer in frequency-domain laser scanning mammography," J. Biomed. Opt. 3,129-136 (1998)

[CrossRef]

A. Villringer and B. Chance, "Non-invasive optical spectroscopy and imaging of human brain function," Trends Neurosci. 20,435-442 (1997).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

T. Durduran, A. G. Yodh, B. Chance, and D. A. Boas, "Does the photon-diffusion coefficient depend on absorption," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14,3358-3365 (1997).

[CrossRef]

D. Contini, F. Martelli, and G. Zaccanti, "Photon migration through a turbid slab described by a model based on diffusion approximation. I. Theory," Appl. Opt. 36,4587-4599 (1997).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. Yodh and B. Chance, "Spectroscopy and imaging with diffusing light," Phys. Today 48,34-40 (1995).

[CrossRef]

L. Wang, S. L. Jacques, and L. Zhen, "MCML - Monte Carlo modeling of light transport in multi-layered tissues," Comput. Methods Programs Biomed. 47,131-146 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. C. Wilson and G. Adam, "A Monte Carlo model for the absorption and flux distributions of light in tissue," Med. Phys. 10, 824-830 (1983).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. H. Hielscher, R. E. Alcouffe, and R. L. Barbour, "Comparison of finite difference transport and diffusion calculations for photon migration in homogeneous and heterogeneous tissues," Phys. Med. Biol. 43, 1285-1302 (1998).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

S. R. Arridge, "Optical tomography in medical imaging," Inv. Probl. 15,R41-R93 (1999).

[CrossRef]

G. Bal and Y. Maday, "Coupling of transport and diffusion models in linear transport theory," Math. Model Numer. Anal. 36,69-86 (2002).

[CrossRef]

A. H. Hielscher, R. E. Alcouffe, and R. L. Barbour, "Comparison of finite difference transport and diffusion calculations for photon migration in homogeneous and heterogeneous tissues," Phys. Med. Biol. 43, 1285-1302 (1998).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. A. Boas, J. P. Culver, J. J. Stott, and A. K. Dunn, "Three dimensional Monte Carlo code for photon migration through complex heterogeneous media including the adult human head," Opt. Express 10,159-170 (2002).

[PubMed]

D. A. Boas, D. H. Brooks, E. L. Miller, C. A. Dimarzio, M. Kilmer, R. J. Gaudette, and Q. Zhang, "Imaging the body with diffuse optical tomography," IEEE Signal Process Mag.57-75 (2001).

[CrossRef]

T. Durduran, A. G. Yodh, B. Chance, and D. A. Boas, "Does the photon-diffusion coefficient depend on absorption," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14,3358-3365 (1997).

[CrossRef]

D. A. Boas, D. H. Brooks, E. L. Miller, C. A. Dimarzio, M. Kilmer, R. J. Gaudette, and Q. Zhang, "Imaging the body with diffuse optical tomography," IEEE Signal Process Mag.57-75 (2001).

[CrossRef]

T. Durduran, A. G. Yodh, B. Chance, and D. A. Boas, "Does the photon-diffusion coefficient depend on absorption," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14,3358-3365 (1997).

[CrossRef]

A. Villringer and B. Chance, "Non-invasive optical spectroscopy and imaging of human brain function," Trends Neurosci. 20,435-442 (1997).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. Yodh and B. Chance, "Spectroscopy and imaging with diffusing light," Phys. Today 48,34-40 (1995).

[CrossRef]

D. A. Boas, D. H. Brooks, E. L. Miller, C. A. Dimarzio, M. Kilmer, R. J. Gaudette, and Q. Zhang, "Imaging the body with diffuse optical tomography," IEEE Signal Process Mag.57-75 (2001).

[CrossRef]

K. T. Moesta, S. Fantini, H. Jess, S. Totkas, M. A. Franceschini, M. Kaschke, and P. M. Schlag, "Constrast features of breast cancer in frequency-domain laser scanning mammography," J. Biomed. Opt. 3,129-136 (1998)

[CrossRef]

K. T. Moesta, S. Fantini, H. Jess, S. Totkas, M. A. Franceschini, M. Kaschke, and P. M. Schlag, "Constrast features of breast cancer in frequency-domain laser scanning mammography," J. Biomed. Opt. 3,129-136 (1998)

[CrossRef]

D. A. Boas, D. H. Brooks, E. L. Miller, C. A. Dimarzio, M. Kilmer, R. J. Gaudette, and Q. Zhang, "Imaging the body with diffuse optical tomography," IEEE Signal Process Mag.57-75 (2001).

[CrossRef]

A. H. Hielscher, R. E. Alcouffe, and R. L. Barbour, "Comparison of finite difference transport and diffusion calculations for photon migration in homogeneous and heterogeneous tissues," Phys. Med. Biol. 43, 1285-1302 (1998).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

K. T. Moesta, S. Fantini, H. Jess, S. Totkas, M. A. Franceschini, M. Kaschke, and P. M. Schlag, "Constrast features of breast cancer in frequency-domain laser scanning mammography," J. Biomed. Opt. 3,129-136 (1998)

[CrossRef]

T. Tarvainen, M. Vauhkonen, V. Kolehmainen, and J. Kaipio, "Finite element model for the coupled radiative transfer equation and diffusion approximation," Int. J. Numer. Methods Eng., 65,383-405 (2006).

[CrossRef]

K. T. Moesta, S. Fantini, H. Jess, S. Totkas, M. A. Franceschini, M. Kaschke, and P. M. Schlag, "Constrast features of breast cancer in frequency-domain laser scanning mammography," J. Biomed. Opt. 3,129-136 (1998)

[CrossRef]

D. A. Boas, D. H. Brooks, E. L. Miller, C. A. Dimarzio, M. Kilmer, R. J. Gaudette, and Q. Zhang, "Imaging the body with diffuse optical tomography," IEEE Signal Process Mag.57-75 (2001).

[CrossRef]

T. Tarvainen, M. Vauhkonen, V. Kolehmainen, and J. Kaipio, "Finite element model for the coupled radiative transfer equation and diffusion approximation," Int. J. Numer. Methods Eng., 65,383-405 (2006).

[CrossRef]

G. Bal and Y. Maday, "Coupling of transport and diffusion models in linear transport theory," Math. Model Numer. Anal. 36,69-86 (2002).

[CrossRef]

D. A. Boas, D. H. Brooks, E. L. Miller, C. A. Dimarzio, M. Kilmer, R. J. Gaudette, and Q. Zhang, "Imaging the body with diffuse optical tomography," IEEE Signal Process Mag.57-75 (2001).

[CrossRef]

K. T. Moesta, S. Fantini, H. Jess, S. Totkas, M. A. Franceschini, M. Kaschke, and P. M. Schlag, "Constrast features of breast cancer in frequency-domain laser scanning mammography," J. Biomed. Opt. 3,129-136 (1998)

[CrossRef]

K. T. Moesta, S. Fantini, H. Jess, S. Totkas, M. A. Franceschini, M. Kaschke, and P. M. Schlag, "Constrast features of breast cancer in frequency-domain laser scanning mammography," J. Biomed. Opt. 3,129-136 (1998)

[CrossRef]

T. Spott and L. O. Svaasand, "Collimated light sources in the diffusion approximation," Appl. Opt. 39,6453-6465 (2000).

[CrossRef]

R. C. Haskell, L. O. Svaasand, T. T. Tsay, T. C. Feng, M. S. McAdams, and B. J. Tromberg, "Boundary conditions for the diffusion equation in radiative transfer", J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 11,2727-2741 (1994).

[CrossRef]

T. Tarvainen, M. Vauhkonen, V. Kolehmainen, and J. Kaipio, "Finite element model for the coupled radiative transfer equation and diffusion approximation," Int. J. Numer. Methods Eng., 65,383-405 (2006).

[CrossRef]

K. T. Moesta, S. Fantini, H. Jess, S. Totkas, M. A. Franceschini, M. Kaschke, and P. M. Schlag, "Constrast features of breast cancer in frequency-domain laser scanning mammography," J. Biomed. Opt. 3,129-136 (1998)

[CrossRef]

T. Tarvainen, M. Vauhkonen, V. Kolehmainen, and J. Kaipio, "Finite element model for the coupled radiative transfer equation and diffusion approximation," Int. J. Numer. Methods Eng., 65,383-405 (2006).

[CrossRef]

A. Villringer and B. Chance, "Non-invasive optical spectroscopy and imaging of human brain function," Trends Neurosci. 20,435-442 (1997).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

B. C. Wilson and G. Adam, "A Monte Carlo model for the absorption and flux distributions of light in tissue," Med. Phys. 10, 824-830 (1983).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. Yodh and B. Chance, "Spectroscopy and imaging with diffusing light," Phys. Today 48,34-40 (1995).

[CrossRef]

D. A. Boas, D. H. Brooks, E. L. Miller, C. A. Dimarzio, M. Kilmer, R. J. Gaudette, and Q. Zhang, "Imaging the body with diffuse optical tomography," IEEE Signal Process Mag.57-75 (2001).

[CrossRef]

L. Wang, S. L. Jacques, and L. Zhen, "MCML - Monte Carlo modeling of light transport in multi-layered tissues," Comput. Methods Programs Biomed. 47,131-146 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

R. A. J. Groenhuis, H. A. Ferwerda, and J. J. Ten Bosch, "Scattering and absorption of turbid materials determined from reflection measurements. 1. Theory," Appl. Opt. 22, 2456-2462 (1983).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

M. Keijzer, W. M. Star, and P. R. M. Storchi, "Optical diffusion in layered media," Appl. Opt. 27,1820-1824 (1988).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. Contini, F. Martelli, and G. Zaccanti, "Photon migration through a turbid slab described by a model based on diffusion approximation. I. Theory," Appl. Opt. 36,4587-4599 (1997).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

G. Alexandrakis, T. J. Farrrell, and M. S. Patterson, "Monte Carlo diffusion hybrid model for photon migration in a two-layer turbid medium in the frequency domain," Appl. Opt. 39,2235-2244 (2000).

[CrossRef]

T. Spott and L. O. Svaasand, "Collimated light sources in the diffusion approximation," Appl. Opt. 39,6453-6465 (2000).

[CrossRef]

B. Q. Chen, K. Stamnes, and J. J. Stamnes, "Validity of the diffusion approximation in bio-optical imaging", Appl. Opt. 40,6356-6366 (2001).

[CrossRef]

T. Hayashi, Y. Kashio, and E. Okada, "Hybrid Monte Carlo-diffusion method for light propagation in tissue with a low-scattering region," Appl. Opt. 42,2888-2896 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

E. Okada and D. T. Delpy, "Near-infrared light propagation in an adult head model. II," Appl. Opt. 42, 2915-2922 (2003).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

L. Wang, S. L. Jacques, and L. Zhen, "MCML - Monte Carlo modeling of light transport in multi-layered tissues," Comput. Methods Programs Biomed. 47,131-146 (1995).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

D. A. Boas, D. H. Brooks, E. L. Miller, C. A. Dimarzio, M. Kilmer, R. J. Gaudette, and Q. Zhang, "Imaging the body with diffuse optical tomography," IEEE Signal Process Mag.57-75 (2001).

[CrossRef]

T. Tarvainen, M. Vauhkonen, V. Kolehmainen, and J. Kaipio, "Finite element model for the coupled radiative transfer equation and diffusion approximation," Int. J. Numer. Methods Eng., 65,383-405 (2006).

[CrossRef]

S. R. Arridge, "Optical tomography in medical imaging," Inv. Probl. 15,R41-R93 (1999).

[CrossRef]

K. T. Moesta, S. Fantini, H. Jess, S. Totkas, M. A. Franceschini, M. Kaschke, and P. M. Schlag, "Constrast features of breast cancer in frequency-domain laser scanning mammography," J. Biomed. Opt. 3,129-136 (1998)

[CrossRef]

R. C. Haskell, L. O. Svaasand, T. T. Tsay, T. C. Feng, M. S. McAdams, and B. J. Tromberg, "Boundary conditions for the diffusion equation in radiative transfer", J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 11,2727-2741 (1994).

[CrossRef]

T. Durduran, A. G. Yodh, B. Chance, and D. A. Boas, "Does the photon-diffusion coefficient depend on absorption," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 14,3358-3365 (1997).

[CrossRef]

L. Wang and S. L. Jacques, "Hybrid model of Monte Carlo simulation and diffusion theory for light reflectance by turbid media," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 10,1746-1752 (1993).

[CrossRef]

G. Bal and Y. Maday, "Coupling of transport and diffusion models in linear transport theory," Math. Model Numer. Anal. 36,69-86 (2002).

[CrossRef]

B. C. Wilson and G. Adam, "A Monte Carlo model for the absorption and flux distributions of light in tissue," Med. Phys. 10, 824-830 (1983).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. H. Hielscher, R. E. Alcouffe, and R. L. Barbour, "Comparison of finite difference transport and diffusion calculations for photon migration in homogeneous and heterogeneous tissues," Phys. Med. Biol. 43, 1285-1302 (1998).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. Yodh and B. Chance, "Spectroscopy and imaging with diffusing light," Phys. Today 48,34-40 (1995).

[CrossRef]

A. Villringer and B. Chance, "Non-invasive optical spectroscopy and imaging of human brain function," Trends Neurosci. 20,435-442 (1997).

[CrossRef]
[PubMed]

A. Ishimaru, Wave propagation and scattering in random media, (Academic Press, New York 1978).

S. C. Brenner and L. R. Scott, Mathematical Theory of Finite Element Methods, Texts in Appl. Math. 15, (New York, Springer-Verlag 1994).

P. G. Cialet, Finite Element Method for Elliptic Problems, (North-Holland 1978).

J. M. Jin, Finite Element Method in Electromagnetics, 2nd ed. (New York, John Wiley & Sons 2002).