Abstract

We have demonstrated a polarization-interleaved wavelength-division multiplexed system with a two-orthogonal-pump optical parametric amplifier. The sensitivity has been improved by about 2dB compared to its counterpart with all channels co-polarized, with the same signal gain, which itself dramatically improved over the conventional two-parallel-pump OPA.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. K. K. Y. Wong, K. Shimizu, K. Uesaka, G. Kalogerakis, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, "Continuous-wave fiber optical parametric amplifier with 60 dB gain using a novel two-segment design," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  15, 1707−1709 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. E. Marhic, K. K. Y. Wong, and L. G. Kazovsky, "Wideband Tuning of the Gain Spectra of One-Pump Fiber Optical Parametric Amplifiers," IEEE J. on Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, 10, 1133−1141 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. K. Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, K. Uesaka, and L. G. Kazovsky, "Polarization-Independent Two-Pump Fiber Optical Parametric Amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  14, 911−913 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  4. R. Jopson and R. E. Tench, "Polarisation-independent phase conjugation of lightwave signals," IEE Elect. Lett.,  29, 2216-2217 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  5. K. Inoue, "Polarization independent wavelength conversion using fiber four-wave mixing with two orthogonal pump lights of different frequencies," J. Lightwave Technol.,  12, 1916-1920 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  6. M. E. Marhic, G. Kalogerakis, K. K. Y. Wong, and L. G. Kazovsky, "Pump-to-signal transfer of low-frequency intensity modulation in fiber optical parametric amplifiers," J. Lightwave Technol.,  23,1049−1055 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. <conf>. G. Kalogerakis, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, "Signal-Signal Cross-Phase Modulation in Fiber OPAs," 15D1-3 in Optoelectronics and Comm. Conf., Kanagawa, Japan, Jul. 2004.</conf>
  8. T. H. Torounidis, H. Sunnerud, P. O. Hedekvist, and P. A. Andrekson, "Amplification of WDM signals in fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  15, 1061-1063 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  9. F. Forghieri, R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, and D. Marcuse, "Reduction of four-wave mixing crosstalk in WDM systems using unequally spaced channels," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  6, 754-756 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. E. Marhic, Y. Park, F. S. Yang, and L. G. Kazovsky, "Broadband fiber-optical parametric amplifiers and wavelength converters with low-ripple Chebyshev gain spectra," Opt. Lett.,  21, 1354-1356 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. S. Radic, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, J. C. Centanni, Q. Lin, and G. P. Agrawal, "Record performance of parametric amplifier constructed with highly nonlinear fibre," IEE Elect. Lett.,  39, 838-839 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. M. Chavez Boggio, J. D. Marconi, and H. L. Fragnito, "Double-Pumped Fiber Optical Parametric Amplifier With Flat Gain Over 47-nm Bandwidth Using a Conventional Dispersion-Shifted Fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  17, 1842-1844 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  13. F. A. Callegari, J. M. Chavez Boggio, and H. L. Fragnito, "Spurious Four-Wave Mixing in Two-Pump Fiber-Optic Parametric Amplfiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  16, 434-436 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. D. Marconi, J. M. Chavez Boggio, and H. L. Fragnito, "Crosstalk in double-pumped fiber optic parametric amplifiers for wavelength division multiplexing systems," Opt. Comm., 259, 94−103 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  16. J. L. Blows, "Design strategy for controlling four-wave mixing-induced crosstalk between channels in a fibre optical parametric amplifier," Opt. Comm., 236, 115−122 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  17. S. Radic, R. Jopson, C. McKinstrie, A. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, and J. C. Centanni, "Wavelength division multiplexed transmission over standard single mode fiber using polarization insensitive signal conjugation in highly nonlinear optical fiber," in Proc. Optical Fiber Communications Conf., vol. 3, Mar. 2003, PD12.
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    [CrossRef]
  19. K. K. Y. Wong, G.-W. Lu, M. E. Marhic, and L.-K. Chen, "Experimental reduction of WDM signal crosstalk in fiber optical parametric amplifiers by using orthogonal pumps," in Proc. European Conf. on Opt. Comm., vol. 3, Sept. 2005, paper We4.P.136.
  20. S. G. EvangelidesJr., L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, N. S. Bergano, "Polarization multiplexing with solitons," J. Lightwave Technol.,  10, pp. 28-35 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  21. K. Inoue, "Polarization effect on four-wave mixing efficiency in a single-mode fiber," IEEE J. of Quantum. Elect., 28, 883-894 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  22. OptSim, distributed by RSoft (http://www.rsoftdesign.com). A. Carena, V. Curri, R. Gaudino, P. Poggiolini, and S. Benedetto, "Time-domain optical transmission system simulation package accounting for nonlinear and polarization-related effects in fiber," IEEE J. Sel. Areas in Comm., 15, 751-765 (1997).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (1)

J. D. Marconi, J. M. Chavez Boggio, and H. L. Fragnito, "Crosstalk in double-pumped fiber optic parametric amplifiers for wavelength division multiplexing systems," Opt. Comm., 259, 94−103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (3)

J. M. Chavez Boggio, J. D. Marconi, and H. L. Fragnito, "Double-Pumped Fiber Optical Parametric Amplifier With Flat Gain Over 47-nm Bandwidth Using a Conventional Dispersion-Shifted Fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  17, 1842-1844 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. -F. Hu and J. L. Blows, "Four-wave mixing crosstalk in optical fibre parametric amplifiers with orthogonal pumps," Opt. Comm., 250, 421−427 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Marhic, G. Kalogerakis, K. K. Y. Wong, and L. G. Kazovsky, "Pump-to-signal transfer of low-frequency intensity modulation in fiber optical parametric amplifiers," J. Lightwave Technol.,  23,1049−1055 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (4)

M. E. Marhic, K. K. Y. Wong, and L. G. Kazovsky, "Wideband Tuning of the Gain Spectra of One-Pump Fiber Optical Parametric Amplifiers," IEEE J. on Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, 10, 1133−1141 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. A. Callegari, J. M. Chavez Boggio, and H. L. Fragnito, "Spurious Four-Wave Mixing in Two-Pump Fiber-Optic Parametric Amplfiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  16, 434-436 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Blows and P. -F. Hu, "Cross-talk-induced limitations of two-pump optical fiber parametric amplifiers," J. of Opt. Soc. Of Amer. B., 21, 989−995 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Blows, "Design strategy for controlling four-wave mixing-induced crosstalk between channels in a fibre optical parametric amplifier," Opt. Comm., 236, 115−122 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

K. K. Y. Wong, K. Shimizu, K. Uesaka, G. Kalogerakis, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, "Continuous-wave fiber optical parametric amplifier with 60 dB gain using a novel two-segment design," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  15, 1707−1709 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. H. Torounidis, H. Sunnerud, P. O. Hedekvist, and P. A. Andrekson, "Amplification of WDM signals in fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  15, 1061-1063 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. Radic, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, J. C. Centanni, Q. Lin, and G. P. Agrawal, "Record performance of parametric amplifier constructed with highly nonlinear fibre," IEE Elect. Lett.,  39, 838-839 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

K. K. Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, K. Uesaka, and L. G. Kazovsky, "Polarization-Independent Two-Pump Fiber Optical Parametric Amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  14, 911−913 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1994 (2)

F. Forghieri, R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, and D. Marcuse, "Reduction of four-wave mixing crosstalk in WDM systems using unequally spaced channels," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  6, 754-756 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. Inoue, "Polarization independent wavelength conversion using fiber four-wave mixing with two orthogonal pump lights of different frequencies," J. Lightwave Technol.,  12, 1916-1920 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

R. Jopson and R. E. Tench, "Polarisation-independent phase conjugation of lightwave signals," IEE Elect. Lett.,  29, 2216-2217 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (2)

S. G. EvangelidesJr., L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, N. S. Bergano, "Polarization multiplexing with solitons," J. Lightwave Technol.,  10, pp. 28-35 (1992).
[CrossRef]

K. Inoue, "Polarization effect on four-wave mixing efficiency in a single-mode fiber," IEEE J. of Quantum. Elect., 28, 883-894 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Agrawal, G. P.

S. Radic, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, J. C. Centanni, Q. Lin, and G. P. Agrawal, "Record performance of parametric amplifier constructed with highly nonlinear fibre," IEE Elect. Lett.,  39, 838-839 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Andrekson, P. A.

T. H. Torounidis, H. Sunnerud, P. O. Hedekvist, and P. A. Andrekson, "Amplification of WDM signals in fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  15, 1061-1063 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bergano, N. S.

S. G. EvangelidesJr., L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, N. S. Bergano, "Polarization multiplexing with solitons," J. Lightwave Technol.,  10, pp. 28-35 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Blows, J. L.

P. -F. Hu and J. L. Blows, "Four-wave mixing crosstalk in optical fibre parametric amplifiers with orthogonal pumps," Opt. Comm., 250, 421−427 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Blows, "Design strategy for controlling four-wave mixing-induced crosstalk between channels in a fibre optical parametric amplifier," Opt. Comm., 236, 115−122 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Blows and P. -F. Hu, "Cross-talk-induced limitations of two-pump optical fiber parametric amplifiers," J. of Opt. Soc. Of Amer. B., 21, 989−995 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Callegari, F. A.

F. A. Callegari, J. M. Chavez Boggio, and H. L. Fragnito, "Spurious Four-Wave Mixing in Two-Pump Fiber-Optic Parametric Amplfiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  16, 434-436 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Centanni, J. C.

S. Radic, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, J. C. Centanni, Q. Lin, and G. P. Agrawal, "Record performance of parametric amplifier constructed with highly nonlinear fibre," IEE Elect. Lett.,  39, 838-839 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chavez Boggio, J. M.

J. D. Marconi, J. M. Chavez Boggio, and H. L. Fragnito, "Crosstalk in double-pumped fiber optic parametric amplifiers for wavelength division multiplexing systems," Opt. Comm., 259, 94−103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Chavez Boggio, J. D. Marconi, and H. L. Fragnito, "Double-Pumped Fiber Optical Parametric Amplifier With Flat Gain Over 47-nm Bandwidth Using a Conventional Dispersion-Shifted Fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  17, 1842-1844 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. A. Callegari, J. M. Chavez Boggio, and H. L. Fragnito, "Spurious Four-Wave Mixing in Two-Pump Fiber-Optic Parametric Amplfiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  16, 434-436 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chraplyvy, A. R.

F. Forghieri, R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, and D. Marcuse, "Reduction of four-wave mixing crosstalk in WDM systems using unequally spaced channels," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  6, 754-756 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Evangelides, S. G.

S. G. EvangelidesJr., L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, N. S. Bergano, "Polarization multiplexing with solitons," J. Lightwave Technol.,  10, pp. 28-35 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Forghieri, F.

F. Forghieri, R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, and D. Marcuse, "Reduction of four-wave mixing crosstalk in WDM systems using unequally spaced channels," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  6, 754-756 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Fragnito, H. L.

J. D. Marconi, J. M. Chavez Boggio, and H. L. Fragnito, "Crosstalk in double-pumped fiber optic parametric amplifiers for wavelength division multiplexing systems," Opt. Comm., 259, 94−103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Chavez Boggio, J. D. Marconi, and H. L. Fragnito, "Double-Pumped Fiber Optical Parametric Amplifier With Flat Gain Over 47-nm Bandwidth Using a Conventional Dispersion-Shifted Fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  17, 1842-1844 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. A. Callegari, J. M. Chavez Boggio, and H. L. Fragnito, "Spurious Four-Wave Mixing in Two-Pump Fiber-Optic Parametric Amplfiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  16, 434-436 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, J. P.

S. G. EvangelidesJr., L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, N. S. Bergano, "Polarization multiplexing with solitons," J. Lightwave Technol.,  10, pp. 28-35 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Hedekvist, P. O.

T. H. Torounidis, H. Sunnerud, P. O. Hedekvist, and P. A. Andrekson, "Amplification of WDM signals in fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  15, 1061-1063 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hu, P. -F.

P. -F. Hu and J. L. Blows, "Four-wave mixing crosstalk in optical fibre parametric amplifiers with orthogonal pumps," Opt. Comm., 250, 421−427 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. L. Blows and P. -F. Hu, "Cross-talk-induced limitations of two-pump optical fiber parametric amplifiers," J. of Opt. Soc. Of Amer. B., 21, 989−995 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, K.

K. Inoue, "Polarization independent wavelength conversion using fiber four-wave mixing with two orthogonal pump lights of different frequencies," J. Lightwave Technol.,  12, 1916-1920 (1994).
[CrossRef]

K. Inoue, "Polarization effect on four-wave mixing efficiency in a single-mode fiber," IEEE J. of Quantum. Elect., 28, 883-894 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Jopson, R.

R. Jopson and R. E. Tench, "Polarisation-independent phase conjugation of lightwave signals," IEE Elect. Lett.,  29, 2216-2217 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Jopson, R. M.

S. Radic, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, J. C. Centanni, Q. Lin, and G. P. Agrawal, "Record performance of parametric amplifier constructed with highly nonlinear fibre," IEE Elect. Lett.,  39, 838-839 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kalogerakis, G.

M. E. Marhic, G. Kalogerakis, K. K. Y. Wong, and L. G. Kazovsky, "Pump-to-signal transfer of low-frequency intensity modulation in fiber optical parametric amplifiers," J. Lightwave Technol.,  23,1049−1055 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. K. Y. Wong, K. Shimizu, K. Uesaka, G. Kalogerakis, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, "Continuous-wave fiber optical parametric amplifier with 60 dB gain using a novel two-segment design," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  15, 1707−1709 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kazovsky, L. G.

M. E. Marhic, G. Kalogerakis, K. K. Y. Wong, and L. G. Kazovsky, "Pump-to-signal transfer of low-frequency intensity modulation in fiber optical parametric amplifiers," J. Lightwave Technol.,  23,1049−1055 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Marhic, K. K. Y. Wong, and L. G. Kazovsky, "Wideband Tuning of the Gain Spectra of One-Pump Fiber Optical Parametric Amplifiers," IEEE J. on Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, 10, 1133−1141 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. K. Y. Wong, K. Shimizu, K. Uesaka, G. Kalogerakis, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, "Continuous-wave fiber optical parametric amplifier with 60 dB gain using a novel two-segment design," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  15, 1707−1709 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. K. Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, K. Uesaka, and L. G. Kazovsky, "Polarization-Independent Two-Pump Fiber Optical Parametric Amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  14, 911−913 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Marhic, Y. Park, F. S. Yang, and L. G. Kazovsky, "Broadband fiber-optical parametric amplifiers and wavelength converters with low-ripple Chebyshev gain spectra," Opt. Lett.,  21, 1354-1356 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lin, Q.

S. Radic, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, J. C. Centanni, Q. Lin, and G. P. Agrawal, "Record performance of parametric amplifier constructed with highly nonlinear fibre," IEE Elect. Lett.,  39, 838-839 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Marconi, J. D.

J. D. Marconi, J. M. Chavez Boggio, and H. L. Fragnito, "Crosstalk in double-pumped fiber optic parametric amplifiers for wavelength division multiplexing systems," Opt. Comm., 259, 94−103 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Chavez Boggio, J. D. Marconi, and H. L. Fragnito, "Double-Pumped Fiber Optical Parametric Amplifier With Flat Gain Over 47-nm Bandwidth Using a Conventional Dispersion-Shifted Fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  17, 1842-1844 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Marcuse, D.

F. Forghieri, R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, and D. Marcuse, "Reduction of four-wave mixing crosstalk in WDM systems using unequally spaced channels," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  6, 754-756 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Marhic, M. E.

M. E. Marhic, G. Kalogerakis, K. K. Y. Wong, and L. G. Kazovsky, "Pump-to-signal transfer of low-frequency intensity modulation in fiber optical parametric amplifiers," J. Lightwave Technol.,  23,1049−1055 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Marhic, K. K. Y. Wong, and L. G. Kazovsky, "Wideband Tuning of the Gain Spectra of One-Pump Fiber Optical Parametric Amplifiers," IEEE J. on Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, 10, 1133−1141 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. K. Y. Wong, K. Shimizu, K. Uesaka, G. Kalogerakis, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, "Continuous-wave fiber optical parametric amplifier with 60 dB gain using a novel two-segment design," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  15, 1707−1709 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. K. Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, K. Uesaka, and L. G. Kazovsky, "Polarization-Independent Two-Pump Fiber Optical Parametric Amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  14, 911−913 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Marhic, Y. Park, F. S. Yang, and L. G. Kazovsky, "Broadband fiber-optical parametric amplifiers and wavelength converters with low-ripple Chebyshev gain spectra," Opt. Lett.,  21, 1354-1356 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McKinstrie, C. J.

S. Radic, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, J. C. Centanni, Q. Lin, and G. P. Agrawal, "Record performance of parametric amplifier constructed with highly nonlinear fibre," IEE Elect. Lett.,  39, 838-839 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mollenauer, L. F.

S. G. EvangelidesJr., L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, N. S. Bergano, "Polarization multiplexing with solitons," J. Lightwave Technol.,  10, pp. 28-35 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Park, Y.

Radic, S.

S. Radic, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, J. C. Centanni, Q. Lin, and G. P. Agrawal, "Record performance of parametric amplifier constructed with highly nonlinear fibre," IEE Elect. Lett.,  39, 838-839 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shimizu, K.

K. K. Y. Wong, K. Shimizu, K. Uesaka, G. Kalogerakis, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, "Continuous-wave fiber optical parametric amplifier with 60 dB gain using a novel two-segment design," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  15, 1707−1709 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sunnerud, H.

T. H. Torounidis, H. Sunnerud, P. O. Hedekvist, and P. A. Andrekson, "Amplification of WDM signals in fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  15, 1061-1063 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tench, R. E.

R. Jopson and R. E. Tench, "Polarisation-independent phase conjugation of lightwave signals," IEE Elect. Lett.,  29, 2216-2217 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Tkach, R. W.

F. Forghieri, R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, and D. Marcuse, "Reduction of four-wave mixing crosstalk in WDM systems using unequally spaced channels," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  6, 754-756 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Torounidis, T. H.

T. H. Torounidis, H. Sunnerud, P. O. Hedekvist, and P. A. Andrekson, "Amplification of WDM signals in fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  15, 1061-1063 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Uesaka, K.

K. K. Y. Wong, K. Shimizu, K. Uesaka, G. Kalogerakis, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, "Continuous-wave fiber optical parametric amplifier with 60 dB gain using a novel two-segment design," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  15, 1707−1709 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. K. Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, K. Uesaka, and L. G. Kazovsky, "Polarization-Independent Two-Pump Fiber Optical Parametric Amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  14, 911−913 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Wong, K. K. Y.

M. E. Marhic, G. Kalogerakis, K. K. Y. Wong, and L. G. Kazovsky, "Pump-to-signal transfer of low-frequency intensity modulation in fiber optical parametric amplifiers," J. Lightwave Technol.,  23,1049−1055 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Marhic, K. K. Y. Wong, and L. G. Kazovsky, "Wideband Tuning of the Gain Spectra of One-Pump Fiber Optical Parametric Amplifiers," IEEE J. on Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, 10, 1133−1141 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. K. Y. Wong, K. Shimizu, K. Uesaka, G. Kalogerakis, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, "Continuous-wave fiber optical parametric amplifier with 60 dB gain using a novel two-segment design," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  15, 1707−1709 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. K. Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, K. Uesaka, and L. G. Kazovsky, "Polarization-Independent Two-Pump Fiber Optical Parametric Amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  14, 911−913 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yang, F. S.

IEE Elect. Lett. (2)

R. Jopson and R. E. Tench, "Polarisation-independent phase conjugation of lightwave signals," IEE Elect. Lett.,  29, 2216-2217 (1993).
[CrossRef]

S. Radic, C. J. McKinstrie, R. M. Jopson, J. C. Centanni, Q. Lin, and G. P. Agrawal, "Record performance of parametric amplifier constructed with highly nonlinear fibre," IEE Elect. Lett.,  39, 838-839 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. of Quantum. Elect. (1)

K. Inoue, "Polarization effect on four-wave mixing efficiency in a single-mode fiber," IEEE J. of Quantum. Elect., 28, 883-894 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. on Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics (1)

M. E. Marhic, K. K. Y. Wong, and L. G. Kazovsky, "Wideband Tuning of the Gain Spectra of One-Pump Fiber Optical Parametric Amplifiers," IEEE J. on Selected Topics in Quantum Electronics, 10, 1133−1141 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett (2)

K. K. Y. Wong, M. E. Marhic, K. Uesaka, and L. G. Kazovsky, "Polarization-Independent Two-Pump Fiber Optical Parametric Amplifier," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  14, 911−913 (2002).
[CrossRef]

K. K. Y. Wong, K. Shimizu, K. Uesaka, G. Kalogerakis, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, "Continuous-wave fiber optical parametric amplifier with 60 dB gain using a novel two-segment design," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  15, 1707−1709 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

T. H. Torounidis, H. Sunnerud, P. O. Hedekvist, and P. A. Andrekson, "Amplification of WDM signals in fiber-based optical parametric amplifiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  15, 1061-1063 (2003).
[CrossRef]

F. Forghieri, R. W. Tkach, A. R. Chraplyvy, and D. Marcuse, "Reduction of four-wave mixing crosstalk in WDM systems using unequally spaced channels," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  6, 754-756 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. M. Chavez Boggio, J. D. Marconi, and H. L. Fragnito, "Double-Pumped Fiber Optical Parametric Amplifier With Flat Gain Over 47-nm Bandwidth Using a Conventional Dispersion-Shifted Fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  17, 1842-1844 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. A. Callegari, J. M. Chavez Boggio, and H. L. Fragnito, "Spurious Four-Wave Mixing in Two-Pump Fiber-Optic Parametric Amplfiers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett.,  16, 434-436 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol (1)

M. E. Marhic, G. Kalogerakis, K. K. Y. Wong, and L. G. Kazovsky, "Pump-to-signal transfer of low-frequency intensity modulation in fiber optical parametric amplifiers," J. Lightwave Technol.,  23,1049−1055 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

K. Inoue, "Polarization independent wavelength conversion using fiber four-wave mixing with two orthogonal pump lights of different frequencies," J. Lightwave Technol.,  12, 1916-1920 (1994).
[CrossRef]

S. G. EvangelidesJr., L. F. Mollenauer, J. P. Gordon, N. S. Bergano, "Polarization multiplexing with solitons," J. Lightwave Technol.,  10, pp. 28-35 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. of Opt. Soc. Of Amer. B. (1)

J. L. Blows and P. -F. Hu, "Cross-talk-induced limitations of two-pump optical fiber parametric amplifiers," J. of Opt. Soc. Of Amer. B., 21, 989−995 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Comm. (3)

J. L. Blows, "Design strategy for controlling four-wave mixing-induced crosstalk between channels in a fibre optical parametric amplifier," Opt. Comm., 236, 115−122 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. -F. Hu and J. L. Blows, "Four-wave mixing crosstalk in optical fibre parametric amplifiers with orthogonal pumps," Opt. Comm., 250, 421−427 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. D. Marconi, J. M. Chavez Boggio, and H. L. Fragnito, "Crosstalk in double-pumped fiber optic parametric amplifiers for wavelength division multiplexing systems," Opt. Comm., 259, 94−103 (2006).
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Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (4)

<conf>. G. Kalogerakis, M. E. Marhic, and L. G. Kazovsky, "Signal-Signal Cross-Phase Modulation in Fiber OPAs," 15D1-3 in Optoelectronics and Comm. Conf., Kanagawa, Japan, Jul. 2004.</conf>

K. K. Y. Wong, G.-W. Lu, M. E. Marhic, and L.-K. Chen, "Experimental reduction of WDM signal crosstalk in fiber optical parametric amplifiers by using orthogonal pumps," in Proc. European Conf. on Opt. Comm., vol. 3, Sept. 2005, paper We4.P.136.

S. Radic, R. Jopson, C. McKinstrie, A. Gnauck, S. Chandrasekhar, and J. C. Centanni, "Wavelength division multiplexed transmission over standard single mode fiber using polarization insensitive signal conjugation in highly nonlinear optical fiber," in Proc. Optical Fiber Communications Conf., vol. 3, Mar. 2003, PD12.

OptSim, distributed by RSoft (http://www.rsoftdesign.com). A. Carena, V. Curri, R. Gaudino, P. Poggiolini, and S. Benedetto, "Time-domain optical transmission system simulation package accounting for nonlinear and polarization-related effects in fiber," IEEE J. Sel. Areas in Comm., 15, 751-765 (1997).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Illustration of the signal quality degradation of WDM system due to XGM and FWM effects in a 2P-OPA configuration. Refer to the text for details.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

2OP-OPA system with WDM channels that are: (a) Co-polarized (COPO); (b) Polarization-interleaved (POIN).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

2OP-OPA with POIN configuration. TLS: Tunable laser source. PC: Polarization controller. PM: Phase modulator. VOA: variable optical attenuator. MZ-IM: Mach-Zehner intensity modulator. ISO: Isolator.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Optical spectra for 2OP-OPA with three POIN WDM channels.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Eye diagrams (with Q factors) for 2OP-OPA with COPO signals at different λs (nm): (a) 1551.1; (b) 1551.9; (c) 1552.7; (d) 1553.5. The corresponding eye diagrams with POIN signals (e) – (h).

Fig. 6
Fig. 6

BER curves for all four channels with POIN and COPO signals.

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