Abstract

Two-dimensional photonic crystal defect lasers in InGaAsP membranes directly bonded to a SiO2/Si substrate have been demonstrated. Lasing at wavelengths near 1550 nm was obtained with incident threshold pump powers as low as 1.5 mW. Good agreement between experimental data and three-dimensional finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) simulation was achieved. The thermal impedance of this laser is also characterized.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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  1. A. W. Fang, H. Park, R. Jones, O. Cohen, M. J. Paniccia and J. E. Bowers, "A Continuous-Wave Hybrid AlGaInAs-Silicon Evanescent Laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1143 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. H. Shih, M. Bagheri, A. Mock, N.-K. Suh, S. Farrell, S.-J. Choi, J. D. O'Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, "Photonic Photonic Crystal Lasers in InGaAsP on a SiO2/Si Substrate," The 11th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC 2006), July 2006, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.
  3. C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M.L.V. d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, J.P. Albert, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "Modal analysis and engineering on InP-based two-dimensional photonic-crystal microlasers on a Si wafer," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 419 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  4. O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Yariv, A. Scherer, J. D. O'Brien and P. D. Dapkus, I. Kim, "Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystal Defect Laser," Science,  284, 1819 (1999).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. P.-T. Lee, J. R. Cao, S.-J. Choi, Z.-J. Wei, J. D. O’Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, "Operation of photonic crystal membrane lasers above room temperature," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3311 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  6. H.-G. Park, S.-H. Kim, S.-H. Kwon, Y.-G. Ju, J.-K. Yang, J.-H. Baek, S.-B. Kim and Y.-H. Lee, "Electrically Driven Single-Cell Photonic Crystal Laser," Science 305, 1444 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. J. R. Cao, W. Kuang, Z.-J. Wei, S.J. Choi, H. Yu, M. Bagheri, J.D. O’Brien and P.D. Dapkus, "Sapphire-bonded photonic crystal microcavity lasers and their far-field radiation patterns," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 4 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. M. H. Shih, W. Kuang, T. Yang, M. Bagheri, Z. -J. Wei, S. -J. Choi, L. Lu, J. D. O’Brien and P. D. Dapkus, "Experimental Characterization of the Optical Loss of Sapphire-Bonded Photonic Crystal Laser Cavities," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 535 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. K. Hwang, H.Y. Ryu, D.S. Song, I.Y. Han, H.K. Park, D.H. Jang, and Y.H. Lee, "Continuous room-temperature operation of optically pumped two-dimensional photonic crystal lasers at 1.6 µm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1295 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  10. H. Rong, R. Jones, A. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. J. Paniccia, "A continuous-wave Raman silicon laser," Nature,  433, 725 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  11. Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan and M Lipson, "Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator," Nature,  435, 325 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. S. J. McNab, N. Moll and Y. A. Vlasov, "Ultra-low loss photonic integrated circuit with membrane-type photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express 11, 2927 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. D. L. Mathine, H. Nejad, D. R. Allee, R. Droopad and G. N. Maracas, "Reduction of the thermal impedance of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers after integration with copper substrates," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 463 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. V. Krishnamoorthy, K. W. Goossen, L. M. F. Chirovsky, R. G. Rozier, P. Chandramani, W. S. Hobson, S. P. Hui, J. Lopata, J. A. Walker and L. A. D’Asaro, "A Continuous-Wave Hybrid AlGaInAs-Silicon Evanescent Laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1143 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (4)

A. W. Fang, H. Park, R. Jones, O. Cohen, M. J. Paniccia and J. E. Bowers, "A Continuous-Wave Hybrid AlGaInAs-Silicon Evanescent Laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1143 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Rong, R. Jones, A. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. J. Paniccia, "A continuous-wave Raman silicon laser," Nature,  433, 725 (2006).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Shih, W. Kuang, T. Yang, M. Bagheri, Z. -J. Wei, S. -J. Choi, L. Lu, J. D. O’Brien and P. D. Dapkus, "Experimental Characterization of the Optical Loss of Sapphire-Bonded Photonic Crystal Laser Cavities," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 535 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, K. W. Goossen, L. M. F. Chirovsky, R. G. Rozier, P. Chandramani, W. S. Hobson, S. P. Hui, J. Lopata, J. A. Walker and L. A. D’Asaro, "A Continuous-Wave Hybrid AlGaInAs-Silicon Evanescent Laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1143 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2005 (2)

J. R. Cao, W. Kuang, Z.-J. Wei, S.J. Choi, H. Yu, M. Bagheri, J.D. O’Brien and P.D. Dapkus, "Sapphire-bonded photonic crystal microcavity lasers and their far-field radiation patterns," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 4 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan and M Lipson, "Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator," Nature,  435, 325 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (1)

H.-G. Park, S.-H. Kim, S.-H. Kwon, Y.-G. Ju, J.-K. Yang, J.-H. Baek, S.-B. Kim and Y.-H. Lee, "Electrically Driven Single-Cell Photonic Crystal Laser," Science 305, 1444 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M.L.V. d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, J.P. Albert, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "Modal analysis and engineering on InP-based two-dimensional photonic-crystal microlasers on a Si wafer," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 419 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. J. McNab, N. Moll and Y. A. Vlasov, "Ultra-low loss photonic integrated circuit with membrane-type photonic crystal waveguides," Opt. Express 11, 2927 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

P.-T. Lee, J. R. Cao, S.-J. Choi, Z.-J. Wei, J. D. O’Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, "Operation of photonic crystal membrane lasers above room temperature," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3311 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

J. K. Hwang, H.Y. Ryu, D.S. Song, I.Y. Han, H.K. Park, D.H. Jang, and Y.H. Lee, "Continuous room-temperature operation of optically pumped two-dimensional photonic crystal lasers at 1.6 µm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1295 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Yariv, A. Scherer, J. D. O'Brien and P. D. Dapkus, I. Kim, "Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystal Defect Laser," Science,  284, 1819 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1996 (1)

D. L. Mathine, H. Nejad, D. R. Allee, R. Droopad and G. N. Maracas, "Reduction of the thermal impedance of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers after integration with copper substrates," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 463 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Albert, J.P.

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M.L.V. d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, J.P. Albert, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "Modal analysis and engineering on InP-based two-dimensional photonic-crystal microlasers on a Si wafer," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 419 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Allee, D. R.

D. L. Mathine, H. Nejad, D. R. Allee, R. Droopad and G. N. Maracas, "Reduction of the thermal impedance of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers after integration with copper substrates," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 463 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Aspar, B.

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M.L.V. d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, J.P. Albert, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "Modal analysis and engineering on InP-based two-dimensional photonic-crystal microlasers on a Si wafer," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 419 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Baek, J.-H.

H.-G. Park, S.-H. Kim, S.-H. Kwon, Y.-G. Ju, J.-K. Yang, J.-H. Baek, S.-B. Kim and Y.-H. Lee, "Electrically Driven Single-Cell Photonic Crystal Laser," Science 305, 1444 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bagheri, M.

M. H. Shih, W. Kuang, T. Yang, M. Bagheri, Z. -J. Wei, S. -J. Choi, L. Lu, J. D. O’Brien and P. D. Dapkus, "Experimental Characterization of the Optical Loss of Sapphire-Bonded Photonic Crystal Laser Cavities," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 535 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Cao, W. Kuang, Z.-J. Wei, S.J. Choi, H. Yu, M. Bagheri, J.D. O’Brien and P.D. Dapkus, "Sapphire-bonded photonic crystal microcavity lasers and their far-field radiation patterns," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 4 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Bowers, J. E.

A. W. Fang, H. Park, R. Jones, O. Cohen, M. J. Paniccia and J. E. Bowers, "A Continuous-Wave Hybrid AlGaInAs-Silicon Evanescent Laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1143 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Cao, J. R.

J. R. Cao, W. Kuang, Z.-J. Wei, S.J. Choi, H. Yu, M. Bagheri, J.D. O’Brien and P.D. Dapkus, "Sapphire-bonded photonic crystal microcavity lasers and their far-field radiation patterns," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 4 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P.-T. Lee, J. R. Cao, S.-J. Choi, Z.-J. Wei, J. D. O’Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, "Operation of photonic crystal membrane lasers above room temperature," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3311 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cassagne, D.

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M.L.V. d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, J.P. Albert, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "Modal analysis and engineering on InP-based two-dimensional photonic-crystal microlasers on a Si wafer," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 419 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chandramani, P.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, K. W. Goossen, L. M. F. Chirovsky, R. G. Rozier, P. Chandramani, W. S. Hobson, S. P. Hui, J. Lopata, J. A. Walker and L. A. D’Asaro, "A Continuous-Wave Hybrid AlGaInAs-Silicon Evanescent Laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1143 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chirovsky, L. M. F.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, K. W. Goossen, L. M. F. Chirovsky, R. G. Rozier, P. Chandramani, W. S. Hobson, S. P. Hui, J. Lopata, J. A. Walker and L. A. D’Asaro, "A Continuous-Wave Hybrid AlGaInAs-Silicon Evanescent Laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1143 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Choi, S. -J.

M. H. Shih, W. Kuang, T. Yang, M. Bagheri, Z. -J. Wei, S. -J. Choi, L. Lu, J. D. O’Brien and P. D. Dapkus, "Experimental Characterization of the Optical Loss of Sapphire-Bonded Photonic Crystal Laser Cavities," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 535 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Choi, S.J.

J. R. Cao, W. Kuang, Z.-J. Wei, S.J. Choi, H. Yu, M. Bagheri, J.D. O’Brien and P.D. Dapkus, "Sapphire-bonded photonic crystal microcavity lasers and their far-field radiation patterns," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 4 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Choi, S.-J.

P.-T. Lee, J. R. Cao, S.-J. Choi, Z.-J. Wei, J. D. O’Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, "Operation of photonic crystal membrane lasers above room temperature," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3311 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Cohen, O.

A. W. Fang, H. Park, R. Jones, O. Cohen, M. J. Paniccia and J. E. Bowers, "A Continuous-Wave Hybrid AlGaInAs-Silicon Evanescent Laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1143 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Rong, R. Jones, A. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. J. Paniccia, "A continuous-wave Raman silicon laser," Nature,  433, 725 (2006).
[CrossRef]

D’Asaro, L. A.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, K. W. Goossen, L. M. F. Chirovsky, R. G. Rozier, P. Chandramani, W. S. Hobson, S. P. Hui, J. Lopata, J. A. Walker and L. A. D’Asaro, "A Continuous-Wave Hybrid AlGaInAs-Silicon Evanescent Laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1143 (2006).
[CrossRef]

d’Yerville, M.L.V.

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M.L.V. d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, J.P. Albert, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "Modal analysis and engineering on InP-based two-dimensional photonic-crystal microlasers on a Si wafer," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 419 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dapkus, P. D.

M. H. Shih, W. Kuang, T. Yang, M. Bagheri, Z. -J. Wei, S. -J. Choi, L. Lu, J. D. O’Brien and P. D. Dapkus, "Experimental Characterization of the Optical Loss of Sapphire-Bonded Photonic Crystal Laser Cavities," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 535 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P.-T. Lee, J. R. Cao, S.-J. Choi, Z.-J. Wei, J. D. O’Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, "Operation of photonic crystal membrane lasers above room temperature," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3311 (2002).
[CrossRef]

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Yariv, A. Scherer, J. D. O'Brien and P. D. Dapkus, I. Kim, "Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystal Defect Laser," Science,  284, 1819 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Dapkus, P.D.

J. R. Cao, W. Kuang, Z.-J. Wei, S.J. Choi, H. Yu, M. Bagheri, J.D. O’Brien and P.D. Dapkus, "Sapphire-bonded photonic crystal microcavity lasers and their far-field radiation patterns," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 4 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Droopad, R.

D. L. Mathine, H. Nejad, D. R. Allee, R. Droopad and G. N. Maracas, "Reduction of the thermal impedance of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers after integration with copper substrates," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 463 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Fang, A.

H. Rong, R. Jones, A. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. J. Paniccia, "A continuous-wave Raman silicon laser," Nature,  433, 725 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Fang, A. W.

A. W. Fang, H. Park, R. Jones, O. Cohen, M. J. Paniccia and J. E. Bowers, "A Continuous-Wave Hybrid AlGaInAs-Silicon Evanescent Laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1143 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Goossen, K. W.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, K. W. Goossen, L. M. F. Chirovsky, R. G. Rozier, P. Chandramani, W. S. Hobson, S. P. Hui, J. Lopata, J. A. Walker and L. A. D’Asaro, "A Continuous-Wave Hybrid AlGaInAs-Silicon Evanescent Laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1143 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hak, D.

H. Rong, R. Jones, A. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. J. Paniccia, "A continuous-wave Raman silicon laser," Nature,  433, 725 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Han, I.Y.

J. K. Hwang, H.Y. Ryu, D.S. Song, I.Y. Han, H.K. Park, D.H. Jang, and Y.H. Lee, "Continuous room-temperature operation of optically pumped two-dimensional photonic crystal lasers at 1.6 µm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1295 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Hobson, W. S.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, K. W. Goossen, L. M. F. Chirovsky, R. G. Rozier, P. Chandramani, W. S. Hobson, S. P. Hui, J. Lopata, J. A. Walker and L. A. D’Asaro, "A Continuous-Wave Hybrid AlGaInAs-Silicon Evanescent Laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1143 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hui, S. P.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, K. W. Goossen, L. M. F. Chirovsky, R. G. Rozier, P. Chandramani, W. S. Hobson, S. P. Hui, J. Lopata, J. A. Walker and L. A. D’Asaro, "A Continuous-Wave Hybrid AlGaInAs-Silicon Evanescent Laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1143 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Hwang, J. K.

J. K. Hwang, H.Y. Ryu, D.S. Song, I.Y. Han, H.K. Park, D.H. Jang, and Y.H. Lee, "Continuous room-temperature operation of optically pumped two-dimensional photonic crystal lasers at 1.6 µm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1295 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jalaguier, E.

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M.L.V. d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, J.P. Albert, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "Modal analysis and engineering on InP-based two-dimensional photonic-crystal microlasers on a Si wafer," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 419 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jang, D.H.

J. K. Hwang, H.Y. Ryu, D.S. Song, I.Y. Han, H.K. Park, D.H. Jang, and Y.H. Lee, "Continuous room-temperature operation of optically pumped two-dimensional photonic crystal lasers at 1.6 µm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1295 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Jones, R.

H. Rong, R. Jones, A. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. J. Paniccia, "A continuous-wave Raman silicon laser," Nature,  433, 725 (2006).
[CrossRef]

A. W. Fang, H. Park, R. Jones, O. Cohen, M. J. Paniccia and J. E. Bowers, "A Continuous-Wave Hybrid AlGaInAs-Silicon Evanescent Laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1143 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ju, Y.-G.

H.-G. Park, S.-H. Kim, S.-H. Kwon, Y.-G. Ju, J.-K. Yang, J.-H. Baek, S.-B. Kim and Y.-H. Lee, "Electrically Driven Single-Cell Photonic Crystal Laser," Science 305, 1444 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, I.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Yariv, A. Scherer, J. D. O'Brien and P. D. Dapkus, I. Kim, "Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystal Defect Laser," Science,  284, 1819 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, S.-B.

H.-G. Park, S.-H. Kim, S.-H. Kwon, Y.-G. Ju, J.-K. Yang, J.-H. Baek, S.-B. Kim and Y.-H. Lee, "Electrically Driven Single-Cell Photonic Crystal Laser," Science 305, 1444 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kim, S.-H.

H.-G. Park, S.-H. Kim, S.-H. Kwon, Y.-G. Ju, J.-K. Yang, J.-H. Baek, S.-B. Kim and Y.-H. Lee, "Electrically Driven Single-Cell Photonic Crystal Laser," Science 305, 1444 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krishnamoorthy, A. V.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, K. W. Goossen, L. M. F. Chirovsky, R. G. Rozier, P. Chandramani, W. S. Hobson, S. P. Hui, J. Lopata, J. A. Walker and L. A. D’Asaro, "A Continuous-Wave Hybrid AlGaInAs-Silicon Evanescent Laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1143 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Kuang, W.

M. H. Shih, W. Kuang, T. Yang, M. Bagheri, Z. -J. Wei, S. -J. Choi, L. Lu, J. D. O’Brien and P. D. Dapkus, "Experimental Characterization of the Optical Loss of Sapphire-Bonded Photonic Crystal Laser Cavities," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 535 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Cao, W. Kuang, Z.-J. Wei, S.J. Choi, H. Yu, M. Bagheri, J.D. O’Brien and P.D. Dapkus, "Sapphire-bonded photonic crystal microcavity lasers and their far-field radiation patterns," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 4 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kwon, S.-H.

H.-G. Park, S.-H. Kim, S.-H. Kwon, Y.-G. Ju, J.-K. Yang, J.-H. Baek, S.-B. Kim and Y.-H. Lee, "Electrically Driven Single-Cell Photonic Crystal Laser," Science 305, 1444 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, P.-T.

P.-T. Lee, J. R. Cao, S.-J. Choi, Z.-J. Wei, J. D. O’Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, "Operation of photonic crystal membrane lasers above room temperature," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3311 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lee, R. K.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Yariv, A. Scherer, J. D. O'Brien and P. D. Dapkus, I. Kim, "Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystal Defect Laser," Science,  284, 1819 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lee, Y.H.

J. K. Hwang, H.Y. Ryu, D.S. Song, I.Y. Han, H.K. Park, D.H. Jang, and Y.H. Lee, "Continuous room-temperature operation of optically pumped two-dimensional photonic crystal lasers at 1.6 µm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1295 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y.-H.

H.-G. Park, S.-H. Kim, S.-H. Kwon, Y.-G. Ju, J.-K. Yang, J.-H. Baek, S.-B. Kim and Y.-H. Lee, "Electrically Driven Single-Cell Photonic Crystal Laser," Science 305, 1444 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Letartre, X.

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M.L.V. d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, J.P. Albert, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "Modal analysis and engineering on InP-based two-dimensional photonic-crystal microlasers on a Si wafer," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 419 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lipson, M

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan and M Lipson, "Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator," Nature,  435, 325 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Liu, A.

H. Rong, R. Jones, A. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. J. Paniccia, "A continuous-wave Raman silicon laser," Nature,  433, 725 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lopata, J.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, K. W. Goossen, L. M. F. Chirovsky, R. G. Rozier, P. Chandramani, W. S. Hobson, S. P. Hui, J. Lopata, J. A. Walker and L. A. D’Asaro, "A Continuous-Wave Hybrid AlGaInAs-Silicon Evanescent Laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1143 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Lu, L.

M. H. Shih, W. Kuang, T. Yang, M. Bagheri, Z. -J. Wei, S. -J. Choi, L. Lu, J. D. O’Brien and P. D. Dapkus, "Experimental Characterization of the Optical Loss of Sapphire-Bonded Photonic Crystal Laser Cavities," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 535 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Maracas, G. N.

D. L. Mathine, H. Nejad, D. R. Allee, R. Droopad and G. N. Maracas, "Reduction of the thermal impedance of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers after integration with copper substrates," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 463 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Mathine, D. L.

D. L. Mathine, H. Nejad, D. R. Allee, R. Droopad and G. N. Maracas, "Reduction of the thermal impedance of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers after integration with copper substrates," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 463 (1996).
[CrossRef]

McNab, S. J.

Moll, N.

Monat, C.

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M.L.V. d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, J.P. Albert, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "Modal analysis and engineering on InP-based two-dimensional photonic-crystal microlasers on a Si wafer," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 419 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nejad, H.

D. L. Mathine, H. Nejad, D. R. Allee, R. Droopad and G. N. Maracas, "Reduction of the thermal impedance of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers after integration with copper substrates," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 463 (1996).
[CrossRef]

O’Brien, J. D.

M. H. Shih, W. Kuang, T. Yang, M. Bagheri, Z. -J. Wei, S. -J. Choi, L. Lu, J. D. O’Brien and P. D. Dapkus, "Experimental Characterization of the Optical Loss of Sapphire-Bonded Photonic Crystal Laser Cavities," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 535 (2006).
[CrossRef]

P.-T. Lee, J. R. Cao, S.-J. Choi, Z.-J. Wei, J. D. O’Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, "Operation of photonic crystal membrane lasers above room temperature," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3311 (2002).
[CrossRef]

O’Brien, J.D.

J. R. Cao, W. Kuang, Z.-J. Wei, S.J. Choi, H. Yu, M. Bagheri, J.D. O’Brien and P.D. Dapkus, "Sapphire-bonded photonic crystal microcavity lasers and their far-field radiation patterns," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 4 (2005).
[CrossRef]

O'Brien, J. D.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Yariv, A. Scherer, J. D. O'Brien and P. D. Dapkus, I. Kim, "Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystal Defect Laser," Science,  284, 1819 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Painter, O.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Yariv, A. Scherer, J. D. O'Brien and P. D. Dapkus, I. Kim, "Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystal Defect Laser," Science,  284, 1819 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Paniccia, M. J.

A. W. Fang, H. Park, R. Jones, O. Cohen, M. J. Paniccia and J. E. Bowers, "A Continuous-Wave Hybrid AlGaInAs-Silicon Evanescent Laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1143 (2006).
[CrossRef]

H. Rong, R. Jones, A. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. J. Paniccia, "A continuous-wave Raman silicon laser," Nature,  433, 725 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Park, H.

A. W. Fang, H. Park, R. Jones, O. Cohen, M. J. Paniccia and J. E. Bowers, "A Continuous-Wave Hybrid AlGaInAs-Silicon Evanescent Laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1143 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Park, H.-G.

H.-G. Park, S.-H. Kim, S.-H. Kwon, Y.-G. Ju, J.-K. Yang, J.-H. Baek, S.-B. Kim and Y.-H. Lee, "Electrically Driven Single-Cell Photonic Crystal Laser," Science 305, 1444 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Park, H.K.

J. K. Hwang, H.Y. Ryu, D.S. Song, I.Y. Han, H.K. Park, D.H. Jang, and Y.H. Lee, "Continuous room-temperature operation of optically pumped two-dimensional photonic crystal lasers at 1.6 µm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1295 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Pocas, S.

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M.L.V. d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, J.P. Albert, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "Modal analysis and engineering on InP-based two-dimensional photonic-crystal microlasers on a Si wafer," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 419 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pradhan, S.

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan and M Lipson, "Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator," Nature,  435, 325 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Regreny, P.

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M.L.V. d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, J.P. Albert, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "Modal analysis and engineering on InP-based two-dimensional photonic-crystal microlasers on a Si wafer," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 419 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rojo-Romeo, P.

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M.L.V. d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, J.P. Albert, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "Modal analysis and engineering on InP-based two-dimensional photonic-crystal microlasers on a Si wafer," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 419 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Rong, H.

H. Rong, R. Jones, A. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. J. Paniccia, "A continuous-wave Raman silicon laser," Nature,  433, 725 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rozier, R. G.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, K. W. Goossen, L. M. F. Chirovsky, R. G. Rozier, P. Chandramani, W. S. Hobson, S. P. Hui, J. Lopata, J. A. Walker and L. A. D’Asaro, "A Continuous-Wave Hybrid AlGaInAs-Silicon Evanescent Laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1143 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ryu, H.Y.

J. K. Hwang, H.Y. Ryu, D.S. Song, I.Y. Han, H.K. Park, D.H. Jang, and Y.H. Lee, "Continuous room-temperature operation of optically pumped two-dimensional photonic crystal lasers at 1.6 µm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1295 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Scherer, A.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Yariv, A. Scherer, J. D. O'Brien and P. D. Dapkus, I. Kim, "Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystal Defect Laser," Science,  284, 1819 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schmidt, B.

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan and M Lipson, "Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator," Nature,  435, 325 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seassal, C.

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M.L.V. d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, J.P. Albert, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "Modal analysis and engineering on InP-based two-dimensional photonic-crystal microlasers on a Si wafer," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 419 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shih, M. H.

M. H. Shih, W. Kuang, T. Yang, M. Bagheri, Z. -J. Wei, S. -J. Choi, L. Lu, J. D. O’Brien and P. D. Dapkus, "Experimental Characterization of the Optical Loss of Sapphire-Bonded Photonic Crystal Laser Cavities," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 535 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Song, D.S.

J. K. Hwang, H.Y. Ryu, D.S. Song, I.Y. Han, H.K. Park, D.H. Jang, and Y.H. Lee, "Continuous room-temperature operation of optically pumped two-dimensional photonic crystal lasers at 1.6 µm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1295 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Viktorovitch, P.

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M.L.V. d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, J.P. Albert, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "Modal analysis and engineering on InP-based two-dimensional photonic-crystal microlasers on a Si wafer," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 419 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Vlasov, Y. A.

Walker, J. A.

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, K. W. Goossen, L. M. F. Chirovsky, R. G. Rozier, P. Chandramani, W. S. Hobson, S. P. Hui, J. Lopata, J. A. Walker and L. A. D’Asaro, "A Continuous-Wave Hybrid AlGaInAs-Silicon Evanescent Laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1143 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wei, Z. -J.

M. H. Shih, W. Kuang, T. Yang, M. Bagheri, Z. -J. Wei, S. -J. Choi, L. Lu, J. D. O’Brien and P. D. Dapkus, "Experimental Characterization of the Optical Loss of Sapphire-Bonded Photonic Crystal Laser Cavities," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 535 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Wei, Z.-J.

J. R. Cao, W. Kuang, Z.-J. Wei, S.J. Choi, H. Yu, M. Bagheri, J.D. O’Brien and P.D. Dapkus, "Sapphire-bonded photonic crystal microcavity lasers and their far-field radiation patterns," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 4 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P.-T. Lee, J. R. Cao, S.-J. Choi, Z.-J. Wei, J. D. O’Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, "Operation of photonic crystal membrane lasers above room temperature," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3311 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Xu, Q.

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan and M Lipson, "Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator," Nature,  435, 325 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, J.-K.

H.-G. Park, S.-H. Kim, S.-H. Kwon, Y.-G. Ju, J.-K. Yang, J.-H. Baek, S.-B. Kim and Y.-H. Lee, "Electrically Driven Single-Cell Photonic Crystal Laser," Science 305, 1444 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yang, T.

M. H. Shih, W. Kuang, T. Yang, M. Bagheri, Z. -J. Wei, S. -J. Choi, L. Lu, J. D. O’Brien and P. D. Dapkus, "Experimental Characterization of the Optical Loss of Sapphire-Bonded Photonic Crystal Laser Cavities," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 535 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Yariv, A.

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Yariv, A. Scherer, J. D. O'Brien and P. D. Dapkus, I. Kim, "Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystal Defect Laser," Science,  284, 1819 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yu, H.

J. R. Cao, W. Kuang, Z.-J. Wei, S.J. Choi, H. Yu, M. Bagheri, J.D. O’Brien and P.D. Dapkus, "Sapphire-bonded photonic crystal microcavity lasers and their far-field radiation patterns," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 4 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (2)

P.-T. Lee, J. R. Cao, S.-J. Choi, Z.-J. Wei, J. D. O’Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, "Operation of photonic crystal membrane lasers above room temperature," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3311 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. L. Mathine, H. Nejad, D. R. Allee, R. Droopad and G. N. Maracas, "Reduction of the thermal impedance of vertical-cavity surface-emitting lasers after integration with copper substrates," Appl. Phys. Lett. 69, 463 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Regreny, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M.L.V. d’Yerville, D. Cassagne, J.P. Albert, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, "Modal analysis and engineering on InP-based two-dimensional photonic-crystal microlasers on a Si wafer," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 39, 419 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (5)

A. W. Fang, H. Park, R. Jones, O. Cohen, M. J. Paniccia and J. E. Bowers, "A Continuous-Wave Hybrid AlGaInAs-Silicon Evanescent Laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1143 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. R. Cao, W. Kuang, Z.-J. Wei, S.J. Choi, H. Yu, M. Bagheri, J.D. O’Brien and P.D. Dapkus, "Sapphire-bonded photonic crystal microcavity lasers and their far-field radiation patterns," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 4 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. H. Shih, W. Kuang, T. Yang, M. Bagheri, Z. -J. Wei, S. -J. Choi, L. Lu, J. D. O’Brien and P. D. Dapkus, "Experimental Characterization of the Optical Loss of Sapphire-Bonded Photonic Crystal Laser Cavities," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 535 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. K. Hwang, H.Y. Ryu, D.S. Song, I.Y. Han, H.K. Park, D.H. Jang, and Y.H. Lee, "Continuous room-temperature operation of optically pumped two-dimensional photonic crystal lasers at 1.6 µm," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 12, 1295 (2000).
[CrossRef]

A. V. Krishnamoorthy, K. W. Goossen, L. M. F. Chirovsky, R. G. Rozier, P. Chandramani, W. S. Hobson, S. P. Hui, J. Lopata, J. A. Walker and L. A. D’Asaro, "A Continuous-Wave Hybrid AlGaInAs-Silicon Evanescent Laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 18, 1143 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nature (2)

H. Rong, R. Jones, A. Liu, O. Cohen, D. Hak, A. Fang, and M. J. Paniccia, "A continuous-wave Raman silicon laser," Nature,  433, 725 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Q. Xu, B. Schmidt, S. Pradhan and M Lipson, "Micrometre-scale silicon electro-optic modulator," Nature,  435, 325 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

Science (2)

O. Painter, R. K. Lee, A. Yariv, A. Scherer, J. D. O'Brien and P. D. Dapkus, I. Kim, "Two-Dimensional Photonic Crystal Defect Laser," Science,  284, 1819 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H.-G. Park, S.-H. Kim, S.-H. Kwon, Y.-G. Ju, J.-K. Yang, J.-H. Baek, S.-B. Kim and Y.-H. Lee, "Electrically Driven Single-Cell Photonic Crystal Laser," Science 305, 1444 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (1)

M. H. Shih, M. Bagheri, A. Mock, N.-K. Suh, S. Farrell, S.-J. Choi, J. D. O'Brien, and P. D. Dapkus, "Photonic Photonic Crystal Lasers in InGaAsP on a SiO2/Si Substrate," The 11th OptoElectronics and Communications Conference (OECC 2006), July 2006, Kaohsiung, Taiwan.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Illustration of a two-dimensional photonic crystal defect cavity on a SiO2/Si substrate.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Scanning electron micrograph (SEM) of a photonic crystal cavity on a SiO2/Si substrate from an angled view. The cavity is formed in the region in which 37 holes are missing from the photonic crystal lattice.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a)The lasing spectrum of a D4 photonic crystal cavity on a SiO2/Si substrate. The lasing wavelength is 1541.7 nm. (b)The incident power versus the output power (L-L) curve for this cavity. The threshold power is about 1.5 mW.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a)The lasing spectra of four D4 photonic crystal cavities on a SiO2/Si substrate with lattice constants of 392, 396, 398 and 400 nm. (b)The plot for lasing wavelength versus lattice constants of the D4 cavities. The grey line is from a linear fitting for the data.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Comparison of the measured spectrum and the modeled spectrum. The blue line is a lasing spectrum from a D4 photonic crystal laser on a SiO2/Si substrate, and the grey spectrum is the calculated resonance wavelengths with Q values for this cavity.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

The lasing wavelength of a D4 photonic crystal laser on a SiO2/Si substrate versus the optical pumping power. The slope is 0.55 nm/mW for this cavity.

Equations (1)

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1 R Th = Δ T Δ P = Δ λ Δ P Δ T Δ λ

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