Abstract

We have stabilized and electronically controlled the carrier-envelope phase (CEP) of high-power femtosecond laser pulses, generated in a grating-based chirped-pulse amplification kHz Ti:sapphire laser with two multipass amplifiers, using the direct locking technique [Opt. Express 13, 2969 (2005)] combined with a slow feedback loop. An f-2f spectral interferometer has shown the CEP stabilities of 1.2 rad with the direct locking loop applied to the oscillator and of 180 mrad with an additional slow feedback loop, respectively. The electronic CEP modulations that can be easily realized in the direct locking loop are also demonstrated with the amplified pulses.

© 2007 Optical Society of America

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2006 (4)

2005 (1)

2004 (2)

M. Kakehata, H. Takada, Y. Kobayashi, and K. Torizuka, "Carrier-envelope-phase stabilized chirped-pulse amplification system scalable to higher pulse energies," Opt. Express 12, 2070-2080 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, J. P. Caumes, C.  Vozzi, S.  De Silvestri, M. Pascolini, L.  Poletto, P.  Villoresi and G.  Tondello, "Single-atom effects in high-order harmonic generation: role of carrier-envelope phase in the few-optical-cycle regime," J Appl. Phys. B 78, 873-877 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (5)

S. T. Cundiff and J. Ye, "Colloquium: femtosecond optical frequency combs," Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 325-342 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltŭska, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker,M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature (London) 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K.-H. Hong, T. J. Yu, Y. S. Lee, C. H. Nam, and R. S. Windeler, "Measurement of the shot-to-shot carrier-envelope phase slip of femtosecond laser pulses," J. Kor. Phys. Soc. 42, 101-105 (2003).

J. H. Sung, K. H. Hong, and C. H. Nam, "High-power femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser at 1 kHz with a long-cavity femtosecond oscillator," J. Kor. Opt. Soc. 7, 135-138 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuška, M. Uiberacker, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, V. S. Yakovlev, T. Udem, T. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Phase-controlled amplification of few-cycle laser pulses," IEEE J. Selected Topics in Quantum Electron. 9,972-989 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

J. H. Sung, K. H. Hong, Y. H. Cha and C. H. Nam, "13-fs, 1-MW Ti-sapphire laser oscillator in a long-cavity configuration," Jpn. J Appl. Phys. 41, L931-L934 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Kakehata, H. Takada, Y. Kobayashi, K. Torizuka, Y. Fujihira, T. Homma, and H. Takahashi, "Measurement of carrier-envelope phase changes of 100-Hz amplified laser pulses," Appl. Phys. B 74[Suppl.], S43-S50 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

2000 (1)

D.J. Jones, S.A. Diddams, J.K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R.S. Windeler, J.L. Hall, and S.T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1999 (2)

G. Steinmeyer, D. H. Sutter, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, and U. Keller, "Frontiers in ultrashort pulse generation: pushing the limits in linear and nonlinear optics," Science 286, 1507-1512 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Shutter, and U. Keller, "Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation," Appl. Phys. B 69, 327-332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1982 (1)

Backus, S.

Baltuska, A.

A. Baltŭska, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker,M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature (London) 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Baltuška, A.

A. Baltuška, M. Uiberacker, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, V. S. Yakovlev, T. Udem, T. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Phase-controlled amplification of few-cycle laser pulses," IEEE J. Selected Topics in Quantum Electron. 9,972-989 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Brabec, T.

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, "Intense few-cycle laser fields: frontiers of nonlinear optics," Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545-591 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Caumes, J. P.

M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, J. P. Caumes, C.  Vozzi, S.  De Silvestri, M. Pascolini, L.  Poletto, P.  Villoresi and G.  Tondello, "Single-atom effects in high-order harmonic generation: role of carrier-envelope phase in the few-optical-cycle regime," J Appl. Phys. B 78, 873-877 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ch´eriaux, G.

Cha, Y. H.

J. H. Sung, K. H. Hong, Y. H. Cha and C. H. Nam, "13-fs, 1-MW Ti-sapphire laser oscillator in a long-cavity configuration," Jpn. J Appl. Phys. 41, L931-L934 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chang, Z.

Cocke, C. L.

Corwin, K. L.

Cundiff, S. T.

S. T. Cundiff and J. Ye, "Colloquium: femtosecond optical frequency combs," Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 325-342 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cundiff, S.T.

D.J. Jones, S.A. Diddams, J.K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R.S. Windeler, J.L. Hall, and S.T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

De Silvestri, S.

M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, J. P. Caumes, C.  Vozzi, S.  De Silvestri, M. Pascolini, L.  Poletto, P.  Villoresi and G.  Tondello, "Single-atom effects in high-order harmonic generation: role of carrier-envelope phase in the few-optical-cycle regime," J Appl. Phys. B 78, 873-877 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Diddams, S.A.

D.J. Jones, S.A. Diddams, J.K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R.S. Windeler, J.L. Hall, and S.T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Duan, Z.

Dunlop, A. E.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Shutter, and U. Keller, "Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation," Appl. Phys. B 69, 327-332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fujihira, Y.

M. Kakehata, H. Takada, Y. Kobayashi, K. Torizuka, Y. Fujihira, T. Homma, and H. Takahashi, "Measurement of carrier-envelope phase changes of 100-Hz amplified laser pulses," Appl. Phys. B 74[Suppl.], S43-S50 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Kakehata, H. Takada, Y. Kobayashi, K. Torizuka, Y. Fujihira, T. Homma, and H. Takahashi, "Single-shot measurement of carrier-envelope phase changes by spectral interferometry," Opt. Lett. 26, 1436-1438 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gagnon, E.

Gallmann, L.

G. Steinmeyer, D. H. Sutter, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, and U. Keller, "Frontiers in ultrashort pulse generation: pushing the limits in linear and nonlinear optics," Science 286, 1507-1512 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gohle, Ch.

A. Baltŭska, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker,M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature (London) 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Goulielmakis, E.

A. Baltŭska, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker,M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature (London) 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuška, M. Uiberacker, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, V. S. Yakovlev, T. Udem, T. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Phase-controlled amplification of few-cycle laser pulses," IEEE J. Selected Topics in Quantum Electron. 9,972-989 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hall, J.L.

D.J. Jones, S.A. Diddams, J.K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R.S. Windeler, J.L. Hall, and S.T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hänsch, T.

A. Baltuška, M. Uiberacker, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, V. S. Yakovlev, T. Udem, T. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Phase-controlled amplification of few-cycle laser pulses," IEEE J. Selected Topics in Quantum Electron. 9,972-989 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hänsch, T. W.

A. Baltŭska, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker,M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature (London) 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hentschel, M.

A. Baltŭska, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker,M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature (London) 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Holzwarth, R.

A. Baltŭska, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker,M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature (London) 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Homma, T.

M. Kakehata, H. Takada, Y. Kobayashi, K. Torizuka, Y. Fujihira, T. Homma, and H. Takahashi, "Measurement of carrier-envelope phase changes of 100-Hz amplified laser pulses," Appl. Phys. B 74[Suppl.], S43-S50 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Kakehata, H. Takada, Y. Kobayashi, K. Torizuka, Y. Fujihira, T. Homma, and H. Takahashi, "Single-shot measurement of carrier-envelope phase changes by spectral interferometry," Opt. Lett. 26, 1436-1438 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hong, K. H.

J. H. Sung, K. H. Hong, and C. H. Nam, "High-power femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser at 1 kHz with a long-cavity femtosecond oscillator," J. Kor. Opt. Soc. 7, 135-138 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Sung, K. H. Hong, Y. H. Cha and C. H. Nam, "13-fs, 1-MW Ti-sapphire laser oscillator in a long-cavity configuration," Jpn. J Appl. Phys. 41, L931-L934 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hong, K.-H.

K.-H. Hong, T. J. Yu, Y. S. Lee, C. H. Nam, and R. S. Windeler, "Measurement of the shot-to-shot carrier-envelope phase slip of femtosecond laser pulses," J. Kor. Phys. Soc. 42, 101-105 (2003).

Ina, H.

Joffre, M.

Jones, D.J.

D.J. Jones, S.A. Diddams, J.K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R.S. Windeler, J.L. Hall, and S.T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kakehata, M.

Kapteyn, H.

Keller, U.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Shutter, and U. Keller, "Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation," Appl. Phys. B 69, 327-332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. Steinmeyer, D. H. Sutter, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, and U. Keller, "Frontiers in ultrashort pulse generation: pushing the limits in linear and nonlinear optics," Science 286, 1507-1512 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kienberger, R.

A. Baltuška, M. Uiberacker, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, V. S. Yakovlev, T. Udem, T. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Phase-controlled amplification of few-cycle laser pulses," IEEE J. Selected Topics in Quantum Electron. 9,972-989 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, S.

Kobayashi, Y.

Krausz, F.

A. Baltŭska, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker,M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature (London) 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuška, M. Uiberacker, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, V. S. Yakovlev, T. Udem, T. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Phase-controlled amplification of few-cycle laser pulses," IEEE J. Selected Topics in Quantum Electron. 9,972-989 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, "Intense few-cycle laser fields: frontiers of nonlinear optics," Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545-591 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lee, Y. S.

Y. S. Lee, J, H, Sung, T, J, Yu, K, Hong, and C. H. Nam, "Novel method for carrier-enevelope-phase stabilization of femtosecond laser pulses," Opt. Express 13, 2969-2976 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K.-H. Hong, T. J. Yu, Y. S. Lee, C. H. Nam, and R. S. Windeler, "Measurement of the shot-to-shot carrier-envelope phase slip of femtosecond laser pulses," J. Kor. Phys. Soc. 42, 101-105 (2003).

Lepetit, L.

Li, C.

Lytle, A.

Maharjan, C. M.

Mashiko, H.

Matuschek, N.

G. Steinmeyer, D. H. Sutter, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, and U. Keller, "Frontiers in ultrashort pulse generation: pushing the limits in linear and nonlinear optics," Science 286, 1507-1512 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Moon, E.

Murnane, M.

Nakamura, C. M.

Nam, C. H.

J. H. Sung, K. H. Hong, and C. H. Nam, "High-power femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser at 1 kHz with a long-cavity femtosecond oscillator," J. Kor. Opt. Soc. 7, 135-138 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K.-H. Hong, T. J. Yu, Y. S. Lee, C. H. Nam, and R. S. Windeler, "Measurement of the shot-to-shot carrier-envelope phase slip of femtosecond laser pulses," J. Kor. Phys. Soc. 42, 101-105 (2003).

J. H. Sung, K. H. Hong, Y. H. Cha and C. H. Nam, "13-fs, 1-MW Ti-sapphire laser oscillator in a long-cavity configuration," Jpn. J Appl. Phys. 41, L931-L934 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nisoli, M.

M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, J. P. Caumes, C.  Vozzi, S.  De Silvestri, M. Pascolini, L.  Poletto, P.  Villoresi and G.  Tondello, "Single-atom effects in high-order harmonic generation: role of carrier-envelope phase in the few-optical-cycle regime," J Appl. Phys. B 78, 873-877 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pascolini, M.

M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, J. P. Caumes, C.  Vozzi, S.  De Silvestri, M. Pascolini, L.  Poletto, P.  Villoresi and G.  Tondello, "Single-atom effects in high-order harmonic generation: role of carrier-envelope phase in the few-optical-cycle regime," J Appl. Phys. B 78, 873-877 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Paul, A.

Paulus, G. G.

Poletto, L.

M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, J. P. Caumes, C.  Vozzi, S.  De Silvestri, M. Pascolini, L.  Poletto, P.  Villoresi and G.  Tondello, "Single-atom effects in high-order harmonic generation: role of carrier-envelope phase in the few-optical-cycle regime," J Appl. Phys. B 78, 873-877 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ranitovic, P.

Ranka, J.K.

D.J. Jones, S.A. Diddams, J.K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R.S. Windeler, J.L. Hall, and S.T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sandhu, A.

Sansone, G.

M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, J. P. Caumes, C.  Vozzi, S.  De Silvestri, M. Pascolini, L.  Poletto, P.  Villoresi and G.  Tondello, "Single-atom effects in high-order harmonic generation: role of carrier-envelope phase in the few-optical-cycle regime," J Appl. Phys. B 78, 873-877 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Scrinzi, A.

A. Baltŭska, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker,M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature (London) 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shutter, D. H.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Shutter, and U. Keller, "Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation," Appl. Phys. B 69, 327-332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Stagira, S.

M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, J. P. Caumes, C.  Vozzi, S.  De Silvestri, M. Pascolini, L.  Poletto, P.  Villoresi and G.  Tondello, "Single-atom effects in high-order harmonic generation: role of carrier-envelope phase in the few-optical-cycle regime," J Appl. Phys. B 78, 873-877 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Steinmeyer, G.

G. Steinmeyer, D. H. Sutter, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, and U. Keller, "Frontiers in ultrashort pulse generation: pushing the limits in linear and nonlinear optics," Science 286, 1507-1512 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Shutter, and U. Keller, "Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation," Appl. Phys. B 69, 327-332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Stenger, J.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Shutter, and U. Keller, "Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation," Appl. Phys. B 69, 327-332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Stentz, A.

D.J. Jones, S.A. Diddams, J.K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R.S. Windeler, J.L. Hall, and S.T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sung, J. H.

J. H. Sung, K. H. Hong, and C. H. Nam, "High-power femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser at 1 kHz with a long-cavity femtosecond oscillator," J. Kor. Opt. Soc. 7, 135-138 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. H. Sung, K. H. Hong, Y. H. Cha and C. H. Nam, "13-fs, 1-MW Ti-sapphire laser oscillator in a long-cavity configuration," Jpn. J Appl. Phys. 41, L931-L934 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sutter, D. H.

G. Steinmeyer, D. H. Sutter, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, and U. Keller, "Frontiers in ultrashort pulse generation: pushing the limits in linear and nonlinear optics," Science 286, 1507-1512 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tackett, J.

Takada, H.

Takahashi, H.

M. Kakehata, H. Takada, Y. Kobayashi, K. Torizuka, Y. Fujihira, T. Homma, and H. Takahashi, "Measurement of carrier-envelope phase changes of 100-Hz amplified laser pulses," Appl. Phys. B 74[Suppl.], S43-S50 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Kakehata, H. Takada, Y. Kobayashi, K. Torizuka, Y. Fujihira, T. Homma, and H. Takahashi, "Single-shot measurement of carrier-envelope phase changes by spectral interferometry," Opt. Lett. 26, 1436-1438 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Takedo, M.

Telle, H. R.

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Shutter, and U. Keller, "Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation," Appl. Phys. B 69, 327-332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Thomann, I.

Tondello, G.

M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, J. P. Caumes, C.  Vozzi, S.  De Silvestri, M. Pascolini, L.  Poletto, P.  Villoresi and G.  Tondello, "Single-atom effects in high-order harmonic generation: role of carrier-envelope phase in the few-optical-cycle regime," J Appl. Phys. B 78, 873-877 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Torizuka, K.

Udem, T.

A. Baltuška, M. Uiberacker, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, V. S. Yakovlev, T. Udem, T. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Phase-controlled amplification of few-cycle laser pulses," IEEE J. Selected Topics in Quantum Electron. 9,972-989 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Udem, Th.

A. Baltŭska, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker,M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature (London) 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Uiberacker, M.

A. Baltŭska, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker,M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature (London) 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuška, M. Uiberacker, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, V. S. Yakovlev, T. Udem, T. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Phase-controlled amplification of few-cycle laser pulses," IEEE J. Selected Topics in Quantum Electron. 9,972-989 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Villoresi, P.

M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, J. P. Caumes, C.  Vozzi, S.  De Silvestri, M. Pascolini, L.  Poletto, P.  Villoresi and G.  Tondello, "Single-atom effects in high-order harmonic generation: role of carrier-envelope phase in the few-optical-cycle regime," J Appl. Phys. B 78, 873-877 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Vozzi, C.

M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, J. P. Caumes, C.  Vozzi, S.  De Silvestri, M. Pascolini, L.  Poletto, P.  Villoresi and G.  Tondello, "Single-atom effects in high-order harmonic generation: role of carrier-envelope phase in the few-optical-cycle regime," J Appl. Phys. B 78, 873-877 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Washburn, B. R.

Windeler, R. S.

K.-H. Hong, T. J. Yu, Y. S. Lee, C. H. Nam, and R. S. Windeler, "Measurement of the shot-to-shot carrier-envelope phase slip of femtosecond laser pulses," J. Kor. Phys. Soc. 42, 101-105 (2003).

Windeler, R.S.

D.J. Jones, S.A. Diddams, J.K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R.S. Windeler, J.L. Hall, and S.T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yakovlev, V. S.

A. Baltŭska, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker,M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature (London) 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Baltuška, M. Uiberacker, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, V. S. Yakovlev, T. Udem, T. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Phase-controlled amplification of few-cycle laser pulses," IEEE J. Selected Topics in Quantum Electron. 9,972-989 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ye, J.

S. T. Cundiff and J. Ye, "Colloquium: femtosecond optical frequency combs," Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 325-342 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yu, T. J.

K.-H. Hong, T. J. Yu, Y. S. Lee, C. H. Nam, and R. S. Windeler, "Measurement of the shot-to-shot carrier-envelope phase slip of femtosecond laser pulses," J. Kor. Phys. Soc. 42, 101-105 (2003).

Appl. Phys. B (2)

H. R. Telle, G. Steinmeyer, A. E. Dunlop, J. Stenger, D. H. Shutter, and U. Keller, "Carrier-envelope offset phase control: A novel concept for absolute optical frequency measurement and ultrashort pulse generation," Appl. Phys. B 69, 327-332 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Kakehata, H. Takada, Y. Kobayashi, K. Torizuka, Y. Fujihira, T. Homma, and H. Takahashi, "Measurement of carrier-envelope phase changes of 100-Hz amplified laser pulses," Appl. Phys. B 74[Suppl.], S43-S50 (2002).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Selected Topics in Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Baltuška, M. Uiberacker, E. Goulielmakis, R. Kienberger, V. S. Yakovlev, T. Udem, T. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Phase-controlled amplification of few-cycle laser pulses," IEEE J. Selected Topics in Quantum Electron. 9,972-989 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J Appl. Phys. B (1)

M. Nisoli, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, J. P. Caumes, C.  Vozzi, S.  De Silvestri, M. Pascolini, L.  Poletto, P.  Villoresi and G.  Tondello, "Single-atom effects in high-order harmonic generation: role of carrier-envelope phase in the few-optical-cycle regime," J Appl. Phys. B 78, 873-877 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Kor. Opt. Soc. (1)

J. H. Sung, K. H. Hong, and C. H. Nam, "High-power femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser at 1 kHz with a long-cavity femtosecond oscillator," J. Kor. Opt. Soc. 7, 135-138 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Kor. Phys. Soc. (1)

K.-H. Hong, T. J. Yu, Y. S. Lee, C. H. Nam, and R. S. Windeler, "Measurement of the shot-to-shot carrier-envelope phase slip of femtosecond laser pulses," J. Kor. Phys. Soc. 42, 101-105 (2003).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Jpn. J Appl. Phys. (1)

J. H. Sung, K. H. Hong, Y. H. Cha and C. H. Nam, "13-fs, 1-MW Ti-sapphire laser oscillator in a long-cavity configuration," Jpn. J Appl. Phys. 41, L931-L934 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nature (London) (1)

A. Baltŭska, Th. Udem, M. Uiberacker,M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, Ch. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature (London) 421, 611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (3)

Rev. Mod. Phys. (2)

S. T. Cundiff and J. Ye, "Colloquium: femtosecond optical frequency combs," Rev. Mod. Phys. 75, 325-342 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Brabec and F. Krausz, "Intense few-cycle laser fields: frontiers of nonlinear optics," Rev. Mod. Phys. 72, 545-591 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Science (2)

G. Steinmeyer, D. H. Sutter, L. Gallmann, N. Matuschek, and U. Keller, "Frontiers in ultrashort pulse generation: pushing the limits in linear and nonlinear optics," Science 286, 1507-1512 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D.J. Jones, S.A. Diddams, J.K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R.S. Windeler, J.L. Hall, and S.T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (5)

F. Grasbon, G. G. Paulus, H. Walter, P. Villoresi, G. Sansone, S. Stagira, M. Nisoli, and S. De Silvestri, "Above-threshold ionization at the few-cycle limit,"Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 173003-1173003-7(2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Rabitz, R. de Vivie-Reidle, M. Motzkus, and K. Kompa, "Whither the future of controlling quantum phenomena," Science 288, 824-828 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K.-H. Hong, J. Lee, B. Hou, J. A. Nees, E. Power, G. A. Mourou, "Carrier-envelope phase stabilization of high-contrast femtosecond laser pulses with a relativistic intensity," Appl. Phys. Lett. 89, 031113-1031113-3 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. Park, T. Imran, and C. H. Nam, International Symposium on Ultrafast Intense Laser Filamentation, Quebec City, Canada, 27-30 Sep. 2006.

Y. S. Lee, T. Imran, and C. H. Nam, The OSA Annual Meeting, Rochester, USA, 8-12 Oct. 2006.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematics of a CEP-stabilized femtosecond Ti:Sapphire laser operating at 1kHz

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Direct locking technique to stabilize CEP of oscillator. (b) experimental setup for spectral interferometry. (c) spectra of seed pulse (dotted) and generated white-light continuum (solid) through a sapphire plate. (d) spectral interference fringe pattern generated by the superposition of the SH signal the red component at 1040 nm and the blue component at 520 nm of white light. (AOM: acousto-optic modulator, APD: avalanche photodiode, BPF: band-pass filter, CP: cubic polarizer, DB: dichroic beamsplitter, HWP: half-wave plate, PBS: polarizing beam-splitter, PCF: photonic crystal fiber, SHG: second-harmonic generation crystal,)

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) SI signal with 15 ms integration time when CEP of the oscillator is not stabilized, and (b) time evolution of the interferogram.

Fig 4.
Fig 4.

(a) Interferogram of SI signal and (b) relative phase shift of amplified pulses when the CEP of the oscillator was stabilized.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a) Interferogram of SI signal with the slow feedback and (b) relative phase shift and probability distribution.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

CEP control achieved by applying an electrical modulating signal to the slow feedback (a) square wave signal and (b) saw tooth signal.

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