Abstract

We demonstrate the operation of a novel all-optical flip-flop. The flip-flop consists of a slave Fabry-Perot laser diode (FP-LD) and a specially designed master FP-LD which has a built-in external cavity and operates in single longitudinal mode oscillation. The set and reset pulses were generated by external modulators at 1 Gbit/s. The rising and falling times of the output signal in on-off operation of the flip-flop were about 50 ps. The required powers of both set and reset pulses were less than -9 dBm.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. H. J. S. Dorren, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, N. Calabretta, A. Srivatsa, F. M. Huijskens, H. de Waardt, and G. D. Khoe, "Optical packet switching and buffering by using all-optical signal processing methods," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2-12 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. Clavero, J. M. Martínez, F. Ramos, and J. Martí, "All-optical packet routing scheme for optical label-swapping networks," Opt. Express 12, 4326-4332 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. K. Otsuka and K. Ikeda, "Hierarchical multistability and coorerative flip-flop operation in a bistable optical system with distributed nonlinear elements," Opt. Lett. 12, 599-601 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. K. Otsuka, "Pitchfork bifurcation an all-optical digital signal processing with a coupled-element bistable system," Opt. Lett. 14, 72-74 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. M. T. Hill, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, "All-optical flip-flop based on coupled laser diodes," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 405-413 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, D. Lenstra, and H. J. S. Dorren, "All-optical flip-flop memory based on two coupled polarization switches," Electron. Lett. 38, 904-906 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Zhang, Y. Liu, D. Lenstra, M. T. Hill, H. Ju, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, "Ring-laser optical flip-flop memory with single active element," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 10, 1093-1100 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. Clavero, F. Ramos, J. M. Martínez, and J. Martí, "All-optical flip-flop based on a single SOA-MZI," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 843-845 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  9. H. Yoo, H. J. Lee, Y. D. Jeong, and Y. H. Won, "All-optical wavelength conversion at 10 Gbit/s using absorption modulation in a Fabry-Perot laser diode with a CW holding beam," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 47, 508-511 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Y. D. Jeong, H. J. Lee, H. Yoo, and Y. H. Won, "All-optical NRZ-to-PRZ converter at 10Gb/s based on self-phase modulation of Fabry-Perot laser didoe," IEEE. Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1179-1181 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  11. L. Y. Chan, K. K. Qureshi, P. K. A. Wai, B. Moses, L. F. K. Lui, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, "All-optical bit-error monitoring system using cascaded inverted wavelength converter and optical nor gate," IEEE. Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 593-595 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  12. K. Otsuka and H. Iwamura, "Analysis of a multistable semiconductor light amplifier," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 19, 1184-1186 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  13. K. Otsuka and S. Kobayashi, "Optical bistability and nonlinear resonance in a resonant-type semiconductor laser amplifier," Electron. Lett. 19, 262-263 (1983).
    [CrossRef]
  14. H. Kawaguchi, K. Inoue, T. Matsuoka, and K. Otsuka, "Bistable output characteristics in semiconductor laser injection locking," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21, 1314-1317 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  15. L. Y. Chan, P. K. A. Wai, L. F. K. Lui, L. Xu, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, "All-optical header processing using an injection-locked Fabry-Perot laser diode," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 44, 342-345 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  16. Y. D. Jeong, S. O. Choi, J. H. Yoon, and Y. H. Won are preparing a manuscript to be called "Tunable single mode source using a coaxially packaged Fabry Perot laser diode with a built-in external cavity."

2005 (3)

R. Clavero, F. Ramos, J. M. Martínez, and J. Martí, "All-optical flip-flop based on a single SOA-MZI," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 843-845 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Yoo, H. J. Lee, Y. D. Jeong, and Y. H. Won, "All-optical wavelength conversion at 10 Gbit/s using absorption modulation in a Fabry-Perot laser diode with a CW holding beam," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 47, 508-511 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Y. Chan, P. K. A. Wai, L. F. K. Lui, L. Xu, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, "All-optical header processing using an injection-locked Fabry-Perot laser diode," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 44, 342-345 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

S. Zhang, Y. Liu, D. Lenstra, M. T. Hill, H. Ju, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, "Ring-laser optical flip-flop memory with single active element," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 10, 1093-1100 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. D. Jeong, H. J. Lee, H. Yoo, and Y. H. Won, "All-optical NRZ-to-PRZ converter at 10Gb/s based on self-phase modulation of Fabry-Perot laser didoe," IEEE. Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1179-1181 (2004).
[CrossRef]

R. Clavero, J. M. Martínez, F. Ramos, and J. Martí, "All-optical packet routing scheme for optical label-swapping networks," Opt. Express 12, 4326-4332 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (2)

H. J. S. Dorren, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, N. Calabretta, A. Srivatsa, F. M. Huijskens, H. de Waardt, and G. D. Khoe, "Optical packet switching and buffering by using all-optical signal processing methods," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2-12 (2003).
[CrossRef]

L. Y. Chan, K. K. Qureshi, P. K. A. Wai, B. Moses, L. F. K. Lui, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, "All-optical bit-error monitoring system using cascaded inverted wavelength converter and optical nor gate," IEEE. Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 593-595 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

M. T. Hill, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, "All-optical flip-flop based on coupled laser diodes," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 405-413 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, D. Lenstra, and H. J. S. Dorren, "All-optical flip-flop memory based on two coupled polarization switches," Electron. Lett. 38, 904-906 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

1987 (1)

1985 (1)

H. Kawaguchi, K. Inoue, T. Matsuoka, and K. Otsuka, "Bistable output characteristics in semiconductor laser injection locking," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21, 1314-1317 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1983 (2)

K. Otsuka and H. Iwamura, "Analysis of a multistable semiconductor light amplifier," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 19, 1184-1186 (1983).
[CrossRef]

K. Otsuka and S. Kobayashi, "Optical bistability and nonlinear resonance in a resonant-type semiconductor laser amplifier," Electron. Lett. 19, 262-263 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Calabretta, N.

Chan, L. Y.

L. Y. Chan, P. K. A. Wai, L. F. K. Lui, L. Xu, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, "All-optical header processing using an injection-locked Fabry-Perot laser diode," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 44, 342-345 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Y. Chan, K. K. Qureshi, P. K. A. Wai, B. Moses, L. F. K. Lui, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, "All-optical bit-error monitoring system using cascaded inverted wavelength converter and optical nor gate," IEEE. Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 593-595 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Clavero, R.

R. Clavero, F. Ramos, J. M. Martínez, and J. Martí, "All-optical flip-flop based on a single SOA-MZI," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 843-845 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Clavero, J. M. Martínez, F. Ramos, and J. Martí, "All-optical packet routing scheme for optical label-swapping networks," Opt. Express 12, 4326-4332 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de Waardt, H.

H. J. S. Dorren, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, N. Calabretta, A. Srivatsa, F. M. Huijskens, H. de Waardt, and G. D. Khoe, "Optical packet switching and buffering by using all-optical signal processing methods," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2-12 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. T. Hill, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, "All-optical flip-flop based on coupled laser diodes," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 405-413 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, D. Lenstra, and H. J. S. Dorren, "All-optical flip-flop memory based on two coupled polarization switches," Electron. Lett. 38, 904-906 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Demokan, M. S.

L. Y. Chan, P. K. A. Wai, L. F. K. Lui, L. Xu, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, "All-optical header processing using an injection-locked Fabry-Perot laser diode," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 44, 342-345 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Y. Chan, K. K. Qureshi, P. K. A. Wai, B. Moses, L. F. K. Lui, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, "All-optical bit-error monitoring system using cascaded inverted wavelength converter and optical nor gate," IEEE. Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 593-595 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dorren, H. J. S.

S. Zhang, Y. Liu, D. Lenstra, M. T. Hill, H. Ju, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, "Ring-laser optical flip-flop memory with single active element," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 10, 1093-1100 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. J. S. Dorren, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, N. Calabretta, A. Srivatsa, F. M. Huijskens, H. de Waardt, and G. D. Khoe, "Optical packet switching and buffering by using all-optical signal processing methods," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2-12 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. T. Hill, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, "All-optical flip-flop based on coupled laser diodes," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 405-413 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, D. Lenstra, and H. J. S. Dorren, "All-optical flip-flop memory based on two coupled polarization switches," Electron. Lett. 38, 904-906 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hill, M. T.

S. Zhang, Y. Liu, D. Lenstra, M. T. Hill, H. Ju, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, "Ring-laser optical flip-flop memory with single active element," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 10, 1093-1100 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. J. S. Dorren, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, N. Calabretta, A. Srivatsa, F. M. Huijskens, H. de Waardt, and G. D. Khoe, "Optical packet switching and buffering by using all-optical signal processing methods," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2-12 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. T. Hill, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, "All-optical flip-flop based on coupled laser diodes," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 405-413 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, D. Lenstra, and H. J. S. Dorren, "All-optical flip-flop memory based on two coupled polarization switches," Electron. Lett. 38, 904-906 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Huijskens, F. M.

Ikeda, K.

Inoue, K.

H. Kawaguchi, K. Inoue, T. Matsuoka, and K. Otsuka, "Bistable output characteristics in semiconductor laser injection locking," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21, 1314-1317 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Iwamura, H.

K. Otsuka and H. Iwamura, "Analysis of a multistable semiconductor light amplifier," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 19, 1184-1186 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Jeong, Y. D.

H. Yoo, H. J. Lee, Y. D. Jeong, and Y. H. Won, "All-optical wavelength conversion at 10 Gbit/s using absorption modulation in a Fabry-Perot laser diode with a CW holding beam," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 47, 508-511 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. D. Jeong, H. J. Lee, H. Yoo, and Y. H. Won, "All-optical NRZ-to-PRZ converter at 10Gb/s based on self-phase modulation of Fabry-Perot laser didoe," IEEE. Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1179-1181 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ju, H.

S. Zhang, Y. Liu, D. Lenstra, M. T. Hill, H. Ju, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, "Ring-laser optical flip-flop memory with single active element," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 10, 1093-1100 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kawaguchi, H.

H. Kawaguchi, K. Inoue, T. Matsuoka, and K. Otsuka, "Bistable output characteristics in semiconductor laser injection locking," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21, 1314-1317 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Khoe, G. D.

S. Zhang, Y. Liu, D. Lenstra, M. T. Hill, H. Ju, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, "Ring-laser optical flip-flop memory with single active element," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 10, 1093-1100 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. J. S. Dorren, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, N. Calabretta, A. Srivatsa, F. M. Huijskens, H. de Waardt, and G. D. Khoe, "Optical packet switching and buffering by using all-optical signal processing methods," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2-12 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, D. Lenstra, and H. J. S. Dorren, "All-optical flip-flop memory based on two coupled polarization switches," Electron. Lett. 38, 904-906 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. T. Hill, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, "All-optical flip-flop based on coupled laser diodes," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 37, 405-413 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, S.

K. Otsuka and S. Kobayashi, "Optical bistability and nonlinear resonance in a resonant-type semiconductor laser amplifier," Electron. Lett. 19, 262-263 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H. J.

H. Yoo, H. J. Lee, Y. D. Jeong, and Y. H. Won, "All-optical wavelength conversion at 10 Gbit/s using absorption modulation in a Fabry-Perot laser diode with a CW holding beam," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 47, 508-511 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. D. Jeong, H. J. Lee, H. Yoo, and Y. H. Won, "All-optical NRZ-to-PRZ converter at 10Gb/s based on self-phase modulation of Fabry-Perot laser didoe," IEEE. Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1179-1181 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lenstra, D.

S. Zhang, Y. Liu, D. Lenstra, M. T. Hill, H. Ju, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, "Ring-laser optical flip-flop memory with single active element," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 10, 1093-1100 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, D. Lenstra, and H. J. S. Dorren, "All-optical flip-flop memory based on two coupled polarization switches," Electron. Lett. 38, 904-906 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

S. Zhang, Y. Liu, D. Lenstra, M. T. Hill, H. Ju, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, "Ring-laser optical flip-flop memory with single active element," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 10, 1093-1100 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. J. S. Dorren, M. T. Hill, Y. Liu, N. Calabretta, A. Srivatsa, F. M. Huijskens, H. de Waardt, and G. D. Khoe, "Optical packet switching and buffering by using all-optical signal processing methods," J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 2-12 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, D. Lenstra, and H. J. S. Dorren, "All-optical flip-flop memory based on two coupled polarization switches," Electron. Lett. 38, 904-906 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lui, L. F. K.

L. Y. Chan, P. K. A. Wai, L. F. K. Lui, L. Xu, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, "All-optical header processing using an injection-locked Fabry-Perot laser diode," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 44, 342-345 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Y. Chan, K. K. Qureshi, P. K. A. Wai, B. Moses, L. F. K. Lui, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, "All-optical bit-error monitoring system using cascaded inverted wavelength converter and optical nor gate," IEEE. Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 593-595 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Martí, J.

R. Clavero, F. Ramos, J. M. Martínez, and J. Martí, "All-optical flip-flop based on a single SOA-MZI," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 843-845 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Clavero, J. M. Martínez, F. Ramos, and J. Martí, "All-optical packet routing scheme for optical label-swapping networks," Opt. Express 12, 4326-4332 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Martínez, J. M.

R. Clavero, F. Ramos, J. M. Martínez, and J. Martí, "All-optical flip-flop based on a single SOA-MZI," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 843-845 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Clavero, J. M. Martínez, F. Ramos, and J. Martí, "All-optical packet routing scheme for optical label-swapping networks," Opt. Express 12, 4326-4332 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Matsuoka, T.

H. Kawaguchi, K. Inoue, T. Matsuoka, and K. Otsuka, "Bistable output characteristics in semiconductor laser injection locking," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21, 1314-1317 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Moses, B.

L. Y. Chan, K. K. Qureshi, P. K. A. Wai, B. Moses, L. F. K. Lui, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, "All-optical bit-error monitoring system using cascaded inverted wavelength converter and optical nor gate," IEEE. Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 593-595 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Otsuka, K.

K. Otsuka, "Pitchfork bifurcation an all-optical digital signal processing with a coupled-element bistable system," Opt. Lett. 14, 72-74 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

K. Otsuka and K. Ikeda, "Hierarchical multistability and coorerative flip-flop operation in a bistable optical system with distributed nonlinear elements," Opt. Lett. 12, 599-601 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Kawaguchi, K. Inoue, T. Matsuoka, and K. Otsuka, "Bistable output characteristics in semiconductor laser injection locking," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 21, 1314-1317 (1985).
[CrossRef]

K. Otsuka and S. Kobayashi, "Optical bistability and nonlinear resonance in a resonant-type semiconductor laser amplifier," Electron. Lett. 19, 262-263 (1983).
[CrossRef]

K. Otsuka and H. Iwamura, "Analysis of a multistable semiconductor light amplifier," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 19, 1184-1186 (1983).
[CrossRef]

Qureshi, K. K.

L. Y. Chan, K. K. Qureshi, P. K. A. Wai, B. Moses, L. F. K. Lui, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, "All-optical bit-error monitoring system using cascaded inverted wavelength converter and optical nor gate," IEEE. Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 593-595 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ramos, F.

R. Clavero, F. Ramos, J. M. Martínez, and J. Martí, "All-optical flip-flop based on a single SOA-MZI," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 843-845 (2005).
[CrossRef]

R. Clavero, J. M. Martínez, F. Ramos, and J. Martí, "All-optical packet routing scheme for optical label-swapping networks," Opt. Express 12, 4326-4332 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Srivatsa, A.

Tam, H. Y.

L. Y. Chan, P. K. A. Wai, L. F. K. Lui, L. Xu, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, "All-optical header processing using an injection-locked Fabry-Perot laser diode," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 44, 342-345 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Y. Chan, K. K. Qureshi, P. K. A. Wai, B. Moses, L. F. K. Lui, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, "All-optical bit-error monitoring system using cascaded inverted wavelength converter and optical nor gate," IEEE. Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 593-595 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wai, P. K. A.

L. Y. Chan, P. K. A. Wai, L. F. K. Lui, L. Xu, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, "All-optical header processing using an injection-locked Fabry-Perot laser diode," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 44, 342-345 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Y. Chan, K. K. Qureshi, P. K. A. Wai, B. Moses, L. F. K. Lui, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, "All-optical bit-error monitoring system using cascaded inverted wavelength converter and optical nor gate," IEEE. Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 593-595 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Won, Y. H.

H. Yoo, H. J. Lee, Y. D. Jeong, and Y. H. Won, "All-optical wavelength conversion at 10 Gbit/s using absorption modulation in a Fabry-Perot laser diode with a CW holding beam," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 47, 508-511 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. D. Jeong, H. J. Lee, H. Yoo, and Y. H. Won, "All-optical NRZ-to-PRZ converter at 10Gb/s based on self-phase modulation of Fabry-Perot laser didoe," IEEE. Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1179-1181 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Xu, L.

L. Y. Chan, P. K. A. Wai, L. F. K. Lui, L. Xu, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, "All-optical header processing using an injection-locked Fabry-Perot laser diode," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 44, 342-345 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yoo, H.

H. Yoo, H. J. Lee, Y. D. Jeong, and Y. H. Won, "All-optical wavelength conversion at 10 Gbit/s using absorption modulation in a Fabry-Perot laser diode with a CW holding beam," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 47, 508-511 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. D. Jeong, H. J. Lee, H. Yoo, and Y. H. Won, "All-optical NRZ-to-PRZ converter at 10Gb/s based on self-phase modulation of Fabry-Perot laser didoe," IEEE. Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1179-1181 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, S.

S. Zhang, Y. Liu, D. Lenstra, M. T. Hill, H. Ju, G. D. Khoe, and H. J. S. Dorren, "Ring-laser optical flip-flop memory with single active element," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 10, 1093-1100 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, H. de Waardt, G. D. Khoe, D. Lenstra, and H. J. S. Dorren, "All-optical flip-flop memory based on two coupled polarization switches," Electron. Lett. 38, 904-906 (2001).
[CrossRef]

K. Otsuka and S. Kobayashi, "Optical bistability and nonlinear resonance in a resonant-type semiconductor laser amplifier," Electron. Lett. 19, 262-263 (1983).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (4)

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

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[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

R. Clavero, F. Ramos, J. M. Martínez, and J. Martí, "All-optical flip-flop based on a single SOA-MZI," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 843-845 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE. Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

Y. D. Jeong, H. J. Lee, H. Yoo, and Y. H. Won, "All-optical NRZ-to-PRZ converter at 10Gb/s based on self-phase modulation of Fabry-Perot laser didoe," IEEE. Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1179-1181 (2004).
[CrossRef]

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J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. (2)

H. Yoo, H. J. Lee, Y. D. Jeong, and Y. H. Won, "All-optical wavelength conversion at 10 Gbit/s using absorption modulation in a Fabry-Perot laser diode with a CW holding beam," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 47, 508-511 (2005).
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L. Y. Chan, P. K. A. Wai, L. F. K. Lui, L. Xu, H. Y. Tam, and M. S. Demokan, "All-optical header processing using an injection-locked Fabry-Perot laser diode," Microwave Opt. Technol. Lett. 44, 342-345 (2005).
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Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Other (1)

Y. D. Jeong, S. O. Choi, J. H. Yoon, and Y. H. Won are preparing a manuscript to be called "Tunable single mode source using a coaxially packaged Fabry Perot laser diode with a built-in external cavity."

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

The bistable characteristics of the injection locked FP-LD. The FP-LD is fully injection locked when the injection power is -6 dBm, and the locking state is released when the injection power decreases to -9 dBm.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Schematic structure of the proposed all-optical flip-flop, (b) operation of the all-optical flip-flop, and (c) description of each step on the hysteresis curve.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Output optical spectra of sequential states in the slave FP-LD (a) with the sustaining beam only at λd, which is always injected into the slave FP-LD (step 1 and 5), (b) with set signal at λs (step 2), (c) after removal of set signal (step 3). (d) and (e) are spectra of the master FP-LD without and with reset signal at λr, and (e) represents step 4.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Experimental Setup. TL: tunable laser, PC: polarization controller, MOD: Mach-Zehnder modulator, OBF: optical band-pass filter, OC: optical circulator, PPG: pulse pattern generator, Scope: sampling oscilloscope

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Oscilloscope traces of the flip-flop output. (a) and (a’) are the initial trace. (b), (c), (d), (e) and (f) are traces when the set signal is advanced sequentially from (a) by an amount of 2 ns, respectively. (b’), (c’), (d’), (e’) and (f’) are traces when the reset signal is delayed sequentially from (a’) by an amount of 2 ns, respectively.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

(a) Rising edge and (b) falling edge of the flip-flop output.

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