Abstract

We calculate the pulse compression in a tapered microstructure optical fiber with four layers of holes. We show that the primary limitation on pulse compression is the loss due to mode leakage. As a fiber’s diameter decreases due to the tapering, so does the air-hole diameter, and at a sufficiently small diameter the guided mode loss becomes unacceptably high. For the four-layer geometry we considered, a compression factor of 10 can be achieved by a pulse with an initial FWHM duration of 3 ps in a tapered fiber that is 28 m long. We find that there is little difference in the pulse compression between a linear taper profile and a Gaussian taper profile. More layers of air-holes allows the pitch to decrease considerably before losses become unacceptable, but only a moderate increase in the degree of pulse compression is obtained.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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2005 (4)

2004 (6)

2003 (3)

2002 (4)

2001 (3)

1999 (1)

M. D. Pelusi, Y. Matsui, and A. Suzuki, "Design of short dispersion decreasing fibre for enhanced compression of higher-order soliton pulses around 1550 nm," Electron. Lett. 35, 61-63 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

M. D. Pelusi and H.-F. Liu, "Higher order soliton pulse compression in dispersion-decreasing optical fibers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1430-1439 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Mostofi, H. Hatami-Hanza, and P. L. Chu, "Optimum dispersion profile for compression of fundamental solitons in dispersion decreasing fibers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 620-628 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

1992 (2)

D. Marcuse, "Solution of the vector wave equation for general dielectric waveguides by the Galerkin method," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 459-465 (1992).
[CrossRef]

T. A. Birks and Y. W. Li, "The shape of fiber tapers," J. Lightwave Technol. 10,432-438, (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

1988 (2)

Birks, T. A.

Bjarklev, A.

Blow, K. J.

Botten, L. C.

Cao, Q.

Chandalia, J. K.

X. Liu, C. Xu, W. H. Knox, J. K. Chandalia, B. J. Eggleton, S. G. Kosinski, and R. S. Windeler "Soliton selffrequency shift in a short tapered air-silica microstructure fiber," Opt. Lett. 26, 358-360 (2001).

J. K. Chandalia, B. J. Eggleton, R. S. Windeler, S. G. Kosinski, X. Liu and C. Xu "Adiabatic coupling in tapered air-silica microstructured optical fiber," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13, 52-54 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chernikov, S. V.

Chu, P. L.

A. Mostofi, H. Hatami-Hanza, and P. L. Chu, "Optimum dispersion profile for compression of fundamental solitons in dispersion decreasing fibers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 620-628 (1997).
[CrossRef]

de Sterke, C. M.

Dianov, E. M.

Doran, N. J.

Eggleton, B. J.

E. C. M¨agi, P. Steinvurzel, and B. J.  Eggleton, "Transverse characterization of tapered photonic crystal fibers," J. Appl. Phys. 96, 3976-3982 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B. J.

J. K. Chandalia, B. J. Eggleton, R. S. Windeler, S. G. Kosinski, X. Liu and C. Xu "Adiabatic coupling in tapered air-silica microstructured optical fiber," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13, 52-54 (2001).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, C. Xu, W. H. Knox, J. K. Chandalia, B. J. Eggleton, S. G. Kosinski, and R. S. Windeler "Soliton selffrequency shift in a short tapered air-silica microstructure fiber," Opt. Lett. 26, 358-360 (2001).

Foster, M.

Foster, M. A.

Gaeta, A.

Gaeta, A. L.

Hatami-Hanza, H.

A. Mostofi, H. Hatami-Hanza, and P. L. Chu, "Optimum dispersion profile for compression of fundamental solitons in dispersion decreasing fibers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 620-628 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Khoo, E. H.

Kim, D. Y.

Y. Youk, D. Y. Kim, K. W. Park, "Guiding properties of a tapered photonic crystal fiber compared with those of a tapered single-mode fiber," Fiber Int. Opt. 23, 439-446 (2004).

Knox, W. H.

Kosinski, S. G.

X. Liu, C. Xu, W. H. Knox, J. K. Chandalia, B. J. Eggleton, S. G. Kosinski, and R. S. Windeler "Soliton selffrequency shift in a short tapered air-silica microstructure fiber," Opt. Lett. 26, 358-360 (2001).

J. K. Chandalia, B. J. Eggleton, R. S. Windeler, S. G. Kosinski, X. Liu and C. Xu "Adiabatic coupling in tapered air-silica microstructured optical fiber," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13, 52-54 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kuehl, H. H.

Kuhlmey, B. T.

Lægsgaard, J.

Leon-Saval, S. G.

Li, Y. W.

T. A. Birks and Y. W. Li, "The shape of fiber tapers," J. Lightwave Technol. 10,432-438, (1992).
[CrossRef]

Liu, A. Q.

Liu, H.-F.

M. D. Pelusi and H.-F. Liu, "Higher order soliton pulse compression in dispersion-decreasing optical fibers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1430-1439 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

J. K. Chandalia, B. J. Eggleton, R. S. Windeler, S. G. Kosinski, X. Liu and C. Xu "Adiabatic coupling in tapered air-silica microstructured optical fiber," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13, 52-54 (2001).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, C. Xu, W. H. Knox, J. K. Chandalia, B. J. Eggleton, S. G. Kosinski, and R. S. Windeler "Soliton selffrequency shift in a short tapered air-silica microstructure fiber," Opt. Lett. 26, 358-360 (2001).

Liz´e, Y. K.

Lizier, J. T.

M¨agi, E. C.

E. C. M¨agi, P. Steinvurzel, and B. J.  Eggleton, "Transverse characterization of tapered photonic crystal fibers," J. Appl. Phys. 96, 3976-3982 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mamyshev, P. V.

Marcuse, D.

D. Marcuse, "Solution of the vector wave equation for general dielectric waveguides by the Galerkin method," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 459-465 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Mason, M. W.

Matsui, Y.

M. D. Pelusi, Y. Matsui, and A. Suzuki, "Design of short dispersion decreasing fibre for enhanced compression of higher-order soliton pulses around 1550 nm," Electron. Lett. 35, 61-63 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Maystre, D.

McPhedran, R. C.

Miao, Y.

D. J. Moss, Y. Miao, V. Ta’eed, E. C. M¨agi, and B. J. Eggleton, "Coupling to high-index waveguides via tapered microstructured optical fibre," Electron. Lett. 41, 951-953 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Moll, K.

Mortensen, N. A.

Moss, D. J.

D. J. Moss, Y. Miao, V. Ta’eed, E. C. M¨agi, and B. J. Eggleton, "Coupling to high-index waveguides via tapered microstructured optical fibre," Electron. Lett. 41, 951-953 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Mostofi, A.

A. Mostofi, H. Hatami-Hanza, and P. L. Chu, "Optimum dispersion profile for compression of fundamental solitons in dispersion decreasing fibers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 620-628 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Nguyen, H. C.

Park, K. W.

Y. Youk, D. Y. Kim, K. W. Park, "Guiding properties of a tapered photonic crystal fiber compared with those of a tapered single-mode fiber," Fiber Int. Opt. 23, 439-446 (2004).

Payne, D. N.

Pelusi, M. D.

M. D. Pelusi, Y. Matsui, and A. Suzuki, "Design of short dispersion decreasing fibre for enhanced compression of higher-order soliton pulses around 1550 nm," Electron. Lett. 35, 61-63 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Pelusi and H.-F. Liu, "Higher order soliton pulse compression in dispersion-decreasing optical fibers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1430-1439 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Renversez, G.

Richardson, D. J.

Robinson, P. A.

Russell, P. St. J.

Sinkin, O. V.

Smith, C. L.

Steel, M. J.

Steinvurzel, P.

E. C. M¨agi, P. Steinvurzel, and B. J.  Eggleton, "Transverse characterization of tapered photonic crystal fibers," J. Appl. Phys. 96, 3976-3982 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, A.

M. D. Pelusi, Y. Matsui, and A. Suzuki, "Design of short dispersion decreasing fibre for enhanced compression of higher-order soliton pulses around 1550 nm," Electron. Lett. 35, 61-63 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ta’eed, V.

D. J. Moss, Y. Miao, V. Ta’eed, E. C. M¨agi, and B. J. Eggleton, "Coupling to high-index waveguides via tapered microstructured optical fibre," Electron. Lett. 41, 951-953 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Town, G. E.

Trebino, R.

Wadsworth, W. J.

White, T. P.

Windeler, R. S.

X. Liu, C. Xu, W. H. Knox, J. K. Chandalia, B. J. Eggleton, S. G. Kosinski, and R. S. Windeler "Soliton selffrequency shift in a short tapered air-silica microstructure fiber," Opt. Lett. 26, 358-360 (2001).

J. K. Chandalia, B. J. Eggleton, R. S. Windeler, S. G. Kosinski, X. Liu and C. Xu "Adiabatic coupling in tapered air-silica microstructured optical fiber," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13, 52-54 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wood, D.

Wu, J. H.

Xu, C.

J. K. Chandalia, B. J. Eggleton, R. S. Windeler, S. G. Kosinski, X. Liu and C. Xu "Adiabatic coupling in tapered air-silica microstructured optical fiber," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13, 52-54 (2001).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, C. Xu, W. H. Knox, J. K. Chandalia, B. J. Eggleton, S. G. Kosinski, and R. S. Windeler "Soliton selffrequency shift in a short tapered air-silica microstructure fiber," Opt. Lett. 26, 358-360 (2001).

Youk, Y.

Y. Youk, D. Y. Kim, K. W. Park, "Guiding properties of a tapered photonic crystal fiber compared with those of a tapered single-mode fiber," Fiber Int. Opt. 23, 439-446 (2004).

Zheltikov, A. M.

A. M. Zheltikov, "The physical limit for the waveguide enhancement of nonlinear-optical processes," Optics and Spectroscopy 95, 410-415 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

D. J. Moss, Y. Miao, V. Ta’eed, E. C. M¨agi, and B. J. Eggleton, "Coupling to high-index waveguides via tapered microstructured optical fibre," Electron. Lett. 41, 951-953 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Pelusi, Y. Matsui, and A. Suzuki, "Design of short dispersion decreasing fibre for enhanced compression of higher-order soliton pulses around 1550 nm," Electron. Lett. 35, 61-63 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fiber Int. Opt. (1)

Y. Youk, D. Y. Kim, K. W. Park, "Guiding properties of a tapered photonic crystal fiber compared with those of a tapered single-mode fiber," Fiber Int. Opt. 23, 439-446 (2004).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (3)

D. Marcuse, "Solution of the vector wave equation for general dielectric waveguides by the Galerkin method," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 459-465 (1992).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Pelusi and H.-F. Liu, "Higher order soliton pulse compression in dispersion-decreasing optical fibers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 1430-1439 (1997).
[CrossRef]

A. Mostofi, H. Hatami-Hanza, and P. L. Chu, "Optimum dispersion profile for compression of fundamental solitons in dispersion decreasing fibers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 33, 620-628 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

J. K. Chandalia, B. J. Eggleton, R. S. Windeler, S. G. Kosinski, X. Liu and C. Xu "Adiabatic coupling in tapered air-silica microstructured optical fiber," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13, 52-54 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

E. C. M¨agi, P. Steinvurzel, and B. J.  Eggleton, "Transverse characterization of tapered photonic crystal fibers," J. Appl. Phys. 96, 3976-3982 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (6)

Opt. Express (8)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Optics and Spectroscopy (1)

A. M. Zheltikov, "The physical limit for the waveguide enhancement of nonlinear-optical processes," Optics and Spectroscopy 95, 410-415 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

J. Kim, U.-C. Paek, D. Y. Kim, and Y. Chung, "Analysis of the dispersion properties of holey optical fibers using normalized dispersion," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington DC, 2001), WDD86-1.

H. Kubota, K. Suzuki, S. Kawanishi, M. Nakazawa, M. Tanaka, and M. Fujita, "Low-loss, 2 km-long photonics crystal fiber with zero GVD in the near IR suitable for picosecond pulse propagation at the 800 nm band," Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Baltimore, MD, 2001, paper CPD3-1.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics, (3rd ed., Academic Press, San Diego, CA, 2001).

W. H. Press, S. A. Teukolsky, W. T. Vetterling, and B. P. Flannery, in Numerical Recipes in C++, (2nd ed., Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, UK, 2003), Chap. 10.2, pp. 406-410.

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