Abstract

Optical Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OOFDM) is shown to outperform RZ-OOK transmission in high-speed optical communications systems in terms of transmission distance and spectral efficiency. The OOFDM in combination with the subcarrier multiplexing offers a significant improvement in spectral efficiency of at least 2.9 bits/s/Hz.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. R. Mosier and R. G. Clabaugh, “Kineplex, a bandwidth efficient binary transmission system,” AIEE Trans. 76, 723–728 (1958).
  2. R. W. Chang, “Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” U.S. Patent 3488445, 1970.
  3. R. Van Nee and R. Prasad, OFDM Wireless Multimedia Communications (Artech House, Boston, 2000).
  4. R. Prasad, OFDM for Wireless Communications Systems (Artech House, Boston, 2004).
  5. L. M. Cimini, “Analysis and simulation of a digital mobile channel using orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” IEEE Trans. Comm. COM-33, 665–675(1985).
    [CrossRef]
  6. Y. Sun, “Bandwidth-efficient wireless OFDM,” IEEE Selected Areas Comm. 19, 2267 – 2278 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. Wang, J. G. Proakis, and J. R. Zeidler, “Techniques for suppression of intercarrier interference in OFDM systems,” in Proc. 2005 IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference, pp. 39–44 (2005).
  8. Y. Wu and B. Caron, “Digital television terrestrial broadcasting,” IEEE Commun. Mag., 46–52 (1994).
  9. Q. Pan and R. J. Green, “Bit-error-rate performance of lightwave hybrid AM/OFDM systems with comparison with AM/QAM systems in the presence of clipping impulse noise,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 278–280 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  10. A. Kim, Y. Hun Joo, and Y. Kim, “60 GHz wireless communication systems with radio-over-fiber links for indoor wireless LANs,” IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron. 50, 517–520 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  11. B. J. Dixon, R.D. Pollard, and S. Iezekiel, ”Orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing in wireless communication systems with multimode fiber feeds,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory and Techniques 49, 1404 – 1409 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  12. I. B. Djordjevic, O. Milenkovic, and B. Vasic, “Generalized Low-Density Parity-Check Codes for Optical Communication Systems,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 1939– 1946 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  13. T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10 Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Selected Topics Quant. Electron. 10, 376–386 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  14. R. Hui, B. Zhu, R. Huang, C. T. Allen, K. R. Demarest, and D. Richards, “Subcarrier multiplexing for highspeed optical transmission,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technology 20, 417–427 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  15. M. Sandell, J. J. van de Beek, and P. O. Börjesson, “Timing and frequency synchronization in OFDM systems using cyclic prefix,” in Proc. Int. Symp. Synchron., Saalbau, Essen, Germany, pp. 16–19, 1995.
  16. R. Böhnke and T. Dölle, “Preamble structures for HiperLAN type 2 system,” ETSI BRAN Doc. No. HL13SON1A, Apr. 7, 1999.
  17. T. M. Schmidl and D. C. Cox, “Robust frequency and timing synchronization for OFDM,” IEEE Trans. Comm. 45, 1613–1621 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  18. M. Morelli and U. Mengali, “A comparison of pilot-aided channel estimation methods for OFDM systems,” IEEE Trans. Signal Process. 49, 3065–3073 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  19. A. G. Armada, “Understanding the effects of phase noise in orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM),” IEEE Trans. Broadcasting 47, 153–159 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  20. J. P. Gordon and L. F. Mollenauer, “Phase noise in photonic communication systems using linear amplifiers,” Opt. Lett. 15, 1351–1353 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. B. Vasic, I. B. Djordjevic, and R. Kostuk, “Low-density parity check codes and iterative decoding for long haul optical communication systems,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 438–446 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  22. A. J. Lowery, L. Du, and J. Armstrong, “Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing for adaptive dispersion compensation in long haul WDM systems” in Proc. OFC Postdeadline Papers, Paper no. PDP39, 2006.

2005 (1)

I. B. Djordjevic, O. Milenkovic, and B. Vasic, “Generalized Low-Density Parity-Check Codes for Optical Communication Systems,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 1939– 1946 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10 Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Selected Topics Quant. Electron. 10, 376–386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Kim, Y. Hun Joo, and Y. Kim, “60 GHz wireless communication systems with radio-over-fiber links for indoor wireless LANs,” IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron. 50, 517–520 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

B. Vasic, I. B. Djordjevic, and R. Kostuk, “Low-density parity check codes and iterative decoding for long haul optical communication systems,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 438–446 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

R. Hui, B. Zhu, R. Huang, C. T. Allen, K. R. Demarest, and D. Richards, “Subcarrier multiplexing for highspeed optical transmission,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technology 20, 417–427 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (4)

Y. Sun, “Bandwidth-efficient wireless OFDM,” IEEE Selected Areas Comm. 19, 2267 – 2278 (2001).
[CrossRef]

B. J. Dixon, R.D. Pollard, and S. Iezekiel, ”Orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing in wireless communication systems with multimode fiber feeds,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory and Techniques 49, 1404 – 1409 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Morelli and U. Mengali, “A comparison of pilot-aided channel estimation methods for OFDM systems,” IEEE Trans. Signal Process. 49, 3065–3073 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. G. Armada, “Understanding the effects of phase noise in orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM),” IEEE Trans. Broadcasting 47, 153–159 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

T. M. Schmidl and D. C. Cox, “Robust frequency and timing synchronization for OFDM,” IEEE Trans. Comm. 45, 1613–1621 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

Q. Pan and R. J. Green, “Bit-error-rate performance of lightwave hybrid AM/OFDM systems with comparison with AM/QAM systems in the presence of clipping impulse noise,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 278–280 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

1985 (1)

L. M. Cimini, “Analysis and simulation of a digital mobile channel using orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” IEEE Trans. Comm. COM-33, 665–675(1985).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

R. W. Chang, “Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” U.S. Patent 3488445, 1970.

1958 (1)

R. R. Mosier and R. G. Clabaugh, “Kineplex, a bandwidth efficient binary transmission system,” AIEE Trans. 76, 723–728 (1958).

Akita, M.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10 Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Selected Topics Quant. Electron. 10, 376–386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Allen, C. T.

R. Hui, B. Zhu, R. Huang, C. T. Allen, K. R. Demarest, and D. Richards, “Subcarrier multiplexing for highspeed optical transmission,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technology 20, 417–427 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Armada, A. G.

A. G. Armada, “Understanding the effects of phase noise in orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM),” IEEE Trans. Broadcasting 47, 153–159 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Armstrong, J.

A. J. Lowery, L. Du, and J. Armstrong, “Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing for adaptive dispersion compensation in long haul WDM systems” in Proc. OFC Postdeadline Papers, Paper no. PDP39, 2006.

Böhnke, R.

R. Böhnke and T. Dölle, “Preamble structures for HiperLAN type 2 system,” ETSI BRAN Doc. No. HL13SON1A, Apr. 7, 1999.

Börjesson, P. O.

M. Sandell, J. J. van de Beek, and P. O. Börjesson, “Timing and frequency synchronization in OFDM systems using cyclic prefix,” in Proc. Int. Symp. Synchron., Saalbau, Essen, Germany, pp. 16–19, 1995.

Caron, B.

Y. Wu and B. Caron, “Digital television terrestrial broadcasting,” IEEE Commun. Mag., 46–52 (1994).

Chang, R. W.

R. W. Chang, “Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” U.S. Patent 3488445, 1970.

Cimini, L. M.

L. M. Cimini, “Analysis and simulation of a digital mobile channel using orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” IEEE Trans. Comm. COM-33, 665–675(1985).
[CrossRef]

Clabaugh, R. G.

R. R. Mosier and R. G. Clabaugh, “Kineplex, a bandwidth efficient binary transmission system,” AIEE Trans. 76, 723–728 (1958).

Cox, D. C.

T. M. Schmidl and D. C. Cox, “Robust frequency and timing synchronization for OFDM,” IEEE Trans. Comm. 45, 1613–1621 (1997).
[CrossRef]

de Beek, J. J. van

M. Sandell, J. J. van de Beek, and P. O. Börjesson, “Timing and frequency synchronization in OFDM systems using cyclic prefix,” in Proc. Int. Symp. Synchron., Saalbau, Essen, Germany, pp. 16–19, 1995.

Demarest, K. R.

R. Hui, B. Zhu, R. Huang, C. T. Allen, K. R. Demarest, and D. Richards, “Subcarrier multiplexing for highspeed optical transmission,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technology 20, 417–427 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dixon, B. J.

B. J. Dixon, R.D. Pollard, and S. Iezekiel, ”Orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing in wireless communication systems with multimode fiber feeds,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory and Techniques 49, 1404 – 1409 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Djordjevic, I. B.

I. B. Djordjevic, O. Milenkovic, and B. Vasic, “Generalized Low-Density Parity-Check Codes for Optical Communication Systems,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 1939– 1946 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Vasic, I. B. Djordjevic, and R. Kostuk, “Low-density parity check codes and iterative decoding for long haul optical communication systems,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 438–446 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Dölle, T.

R. Böhnke and T. Dölle, “Preamble structures for HiperLAN type 2 system,” ETSI BRAN Doc. No. HL13SON1A, Apr. 7, 1999.

Du, L.

A. J. Lowery, L. Du, and J. Armstrong, “Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing for adaptive dispersion compensation in long haul WDM systems” in Proc. OFC Postdeadline Papers, Paper no. PDP39, 2006.

Fujita, H.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10 Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Selected Topics Quant. Electron. 10, 376–386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, J. P.

Green, R. J.

Q. Pan and R. J. Green, “Bit-error-rate performance of lightwave hybrid AM/OFDM systems with comparison with AM/QAM systems in the presence of clipping impulse noise,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 278–280 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Huang, R.

R. Hui, B. Zhu, R. Huang, C. T. Allen, K. R. Demarest, and D. Richards, “Subcarrier multiplexing for highspeed optical transmission,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technology 20, 417–427 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hui, R.

R. Hui, B. Zhu, R. Huang, C. T. Allen, K. R. Demarest, and D. Richards, “Subcarrier multiplexing for highspeed optical transmission,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technology 20, 417–427 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hun Joo, Y.

A. Kim, Y. Hun Joo, and Y. Kim, “60 GHz wireless communication systems with radio-over-fiber links for indoor wireless LANs,” IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron. 50, 517–520 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Iezekiel, S.

B. J. Dixon, R.D. Pollard, and S. Iezekiel, ”Orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing in wireless communication systems with multimode fiber feeds,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory and Techniques 49, 1404 – 1409 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kim, A.

A. Kim, Y. Hun Joo, and Y. Kim, “60 GHz wireless communication systems with radio-over-fiber links for indoor wireless LANs,” IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron. 50, 517–520 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kim, Y.

A. Kim, Y. Hun Joo, and Y. Kim, “60 GHz wireless communication systems with radio-over-fiber links for indoor wireless LANs,” IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron. 50, 517–520 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, T.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10 Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Selected Topics Quant. Electron. 10, 376–386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kostuk, R.

B. Vasic, I. B. Djordjevic, and R. Kostuk, “Low-density parity check codes and iterative decoding for long haul optical communication systems,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 438–446 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kubo, K.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10 Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Selected Topics Quant. Electron. 10, 376–386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kuno, K.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10 Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Selected Topics Quant. Electron. 10, 376–386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lowery, A. J.

A. J. Lowery, L. Du, and J. Armstrong, “Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing for adaptive dispersion compensation in long haul WDM systems” in Proc. OFC Postdeadline Papers, Paper no. PDP39, 2006.

Mengali, U.

M. Morelli and U. Mengali, “A comparison of pilot-aided channel estimation methods for OFDM systems,” IEEE Trans. Signal Process. 49, 3065–3073 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Milenkovic, O.

I. B. Djordjevic, O. Milenkovic, and B. Vasic, “Generalized Low-Density Parity-Check Codes for Optical Communication Systems,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 1939– 1946 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Miyata, Y.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10 Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Selected Topics Quant. Electron. 10, 376–386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mizuochi, T.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10 Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Selected Topics Quant. Electron. 10, 376–386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mollenauer, L. F.

Morelli, M.

M. Morelli and U. Mengali, “A comparison of pilot-aided channel estimation methods for OFDM systems,” IEEE Trans. Signal Process. 49, 3065–3073 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mosier, R. R.

R. R. Mosier and R. G. Clabaugh, “Kineplex, a bandwidth efficient binary transmission system,” AIEE Trans. 76, 723–728 (1958).

Motoshima, K.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10 Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Selected Topics Quant. Electron. 10, 376–386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nee, R. Van

R. Van Nee and R. Prasad, OFDM Wireless Multimedia Communications (Artech House, Boston, 2000).

Ouchi, K.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10 Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Selected Topics Quant. Electron. 10, 376–386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Pan, Q.

Q. Pan and R. J. Green, “Bit-error-rate performance of lightwave hybrid AM/OFDM systems with comparison with AM/QAM systems in the presence of clipping impulse noise,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 278–280 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Pollard, R.D.

B. J. Dixon, R.D. Pollard, and S. Iezekiel, ”Orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing in wireless communication systems with multimode fiber feeds,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory and Techniques 49, 1404 – 1409 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Prasad, R.

R. Van Nee and R. Prasad, OFDM Wireless Multimedia Communications (Artech House, Boston, 2000).

R. Prasad, OFDM for Wireless Communications Systems (Artech House, Boston, 2004).

Proakis, J. G.

T. Wang, J. G. Proakis, and J. R. Zeidler, “Techniques for suppression of intercarrier interference in OFDM systems,” in Proc. 2005 IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference, pp. 39–44 (2005).

Richards, D.

R. Hui, B. Zhu, R. Huang, C. T. Allen, K. R. Demarest, and D. Richards, “Subcarrier multiplexing for highspeed optical transmission,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technology 20, 417–427 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sandell, M.

M. Sandell, J. J. van de Beek, and P. O. Börjesson, “Timing and frequency synchronization in OFDM systems using cyclic prefix,” in Proc. Int. Symp. Synchron., Saalbau, Essen, Germany, pp. 16–19, 1995.

Schmidl, T. M.

T. M. Schmidl and D. C. Cox, “Robust frequency and timing synchronization for OFDM,” IEEE Trans. Comm. 45, 1613–1621 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Shimizu, K.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10 Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Selected Topics Quant. Electron. 10, 376–386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sun, Y.

Y. Sun, “Bandwidth-efficient wireless OFDM,” IEEE Selected Areas Comm. 19, 2267 – 2278 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tagami, H.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10 Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Selected Topics Quant. Electron. 10, 376–386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Vasic, B.

I. B. Djordjevic, O. Milenkovic, and B. Vasic, “Generalized Low-Density Parity-Check Codes for Optical Communication Systems,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 1939– 1946 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Vasic, I. B. Djordjevic, and R. Kostuk, “Low-density parity check codes and iterative decoding for long haul optical communication systems,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 438–446 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wang, T.

T. Wang, J. G. Proakis, and J. R. Zeidler, “Techniques for suppression of intercarrier interference in OFDM systems,” in Proc. 2005 IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference, pp. 39–44 (2005).

Wu, Y.

Y. Wu and B. Caron, “Digital television terrestrial broadcasting,” IEEE Commun. Mag., 46–52 (1994).

Yoshida, H.

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10 Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Selected Topics Quant. Electron. 10, 376–386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zeidler, J. R.

T. Wang, J. G. Proakis, and J. R. Zeidler, “Techniques for suppression of intercarrier interference in OFDM systems,” in Proc. 2005 IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference, pp. 39–44 (2005).

Zhu, B.

R. Hui, B. Zhu, R. Huang, C. T. Allen, K. R. Demarest, and D. Richards, “Subcarrier multiplexing for highspeed optical transmission,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technology 20, 417–427 (2002).
[CrossRef]

AIEE Trans. (1)

R. R. Mosier and R. G. Clabaugh, “Kineplex, a bandwidth efficient binary transmission system,” AIEE Trans. 76, 723–728 (1958).

IEEE J. Selected Topics Quant. Electron. (1)

T. Mizuochi, Y. Miyata, T. Kobayashi, K. Ouchi, K. Kuno, K. Kubo, K. Shimizu, H. Tagami, H. Yoshida, H. Fujita, M. Akita, and K. Motoshima, “Forward error correction based on block turbo code with 3-bit soft decision for 10 Gb/s optical communication systems,” IEEE J. Selected Topics Quant. Electron. 10, 376–386 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

Q. Pan and R. J. Green, “Bit-error-rate performance of lightwave hybrid AM/OFDM systems with comparison with AM/QAM systems in the presence of clipping impulse noise,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 278–280 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Selected Areas Comm. (1)

Y. Sun, “Bandwidth-efficient wireless OFDM,” IEEE Selected Areas Comm. 19, 2267 – 2278 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Broadcasting (1)

A. G. Armada, “Understanding the effects of phase noise in orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM),” IEEE Trans. Broadcasting 47, 153–159 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Comm. (2)

L. M. Cimini, “Analysis and simulation of a digital mobile channel using orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” IEEE Trans. Comm. COM-33, 665–675(1985).
[CrossRef]

T. M. Schmidl and D. C. Cox, “Robust frequency and timing synchronization for OFDM,” IEEE Trans. Comm. 45, 1613–1621 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron. (1)

A. Kim, Y. Hun Joo, and Y. Kim, “60 GHz wireless communication systems with radio-over-fiber links for indoor wireless LANs,” IEEE Trans. Consum. Electron. 50, 517–520 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory and Techniques (1)

B. J. Dixon, R.D. Pollard, and S. Iezekiel, ”Orthogonal frequency-division multiplexing in wireless communication systems with multimode fiber feeds,” IEEE Trans. Microwave Theory and Techniques 49, 1404 – 1409 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Trans. Signal Process. (1)

M. Morelli and U. Mengali, “A comparison of pilot-aided channel estimation methods for OFDM systems,” IEEE Trans. Signal Process. 49, 3065–3073 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

I. B. Djordjevic, O. Milenkovic, and B. Vasic, “Generalized Low-Density Parity-Check Codes for Optical Communication Systems,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 1939– 1946 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Vasic, I. B. Djordjevic, and R. Kostuk, “Low-density parity check codes and iterative decoding for long haul optical communication systems,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technol. 21, 438–446 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technology (1)

R. Hui, B. Zhu, R. Huang, C. T. Allen, K. R. Demarest, and D. Richards, “Subcarrier multiplexing for highspeed optical transmission,” IEEE/OSA J. Lightwave Technology 20, 417–427 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

U.S. Patent (1)

R. W. Chang, “Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing,” U.S. Patent 3488445, 1970.

Other (7)

R. Van Nee and R. Prasad, OFDM Wireless Multimedia Communications (Artech House, Boston, 2000).

R. Prasad, OFDM for Wireless Communications Systems (Artech House, Boston, 2004).

M. Sandell, J. J. van de Beek, and P. O. Börjesson, “Timing and frequency synchronization in OFDM systems using cyclic prefix,” in Proc. Int. Symp. Synchron., Saalbau, Essen, Germany, pp. 16–19, 1995.

R. Böhnke and T. Dölle, “Preamble structures for HiperLAN type 2 system,” ETSI BRAN Doc. No. HL13SON1A, Apr. 7, 1999.

T. Wang, J. G. Proakis, and J. R. Zeidler, “Techniques for suppression of intercarrier interference in OFDM systems,” in Proc. 2005 IEEE Wireless Communications and Networking Conference, pp. 39–44 (2005).

Y. Wu and B. Caron, “Digital television terrestrial broadcasting,” IEEE Commun. Mag., 46–52 (1994).

A. J. Lowery, L. Du, and J. Armstrong, “Orthogonal frequency division multiplexing for adaptive dispersion compensation in long haul WDM systems” in Proc. OFC Postdeadline Papers, Paper no. PDP39, 2006.

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Figures (7)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Transmitter (a) and receiver (b) configurations, (c) OFDM symbol cyclic extension, (d) OFDM symbol after windowing

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Power spectral densities (a), (c)-(d), MZM input waveform (b), and PSD of 4 subcarrier-multiplexed OFDM channels (e).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

BER performance of OFDM against OOK for a linear channel model

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Dispersion maps under consideration.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

The received signal constellation for DSB transmission for 15 spans of dispersion map II: (a) the linear case, (b) the nonlinear case (averaged launched power set to 0 dBm, EDFAs NF set to 5 dB) without the phase correction, (c) the nonlinear case with phase correction. The OFDM scheme with 64 subchannels is observed, 2×64 samples are used for cyclic extension and 2×64 samples for windowing (see Fig. 1 (d)). The windowing is based on Blackamn-Harris windowing function, and the peak windowing is based on Hann windowing function.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Uncoded BER versus number of spans for DSB transmission (averaged launched power set to 0 dBm, EDFAs NF set to 5 dB)

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Frequency offset correction and timing using the cyclic prefix

Tables (1)

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Table 1. Fiber parameters

Equations (3)

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s ( t ) = k = w ( t k T ) i = N FFT 2 N FFT 2 1 X i , k e j 2 π i T FFT ( t k T ) ,
kT T guard 2 T win t k T + T FFT + T guard 2 + T win
x m , k = i = N FFT 2 N FFT 2 1 X i , k exp ( j 2 π im N FFT ) , m = 0,1 , , N FFT 1 ,

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