Abstract

We report the first demonstration of long period gratings in single mode As2Se3 chalcogenide glass fiber. The grating is implemented by pressing a threaded rod against a short piece of fiber. Its strength can be tuned over a 25 dB range, has high repeatability, and is fully reversible.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. T. Kanamori, Y. Terunuma, S. Takahashi, and T. Miyashita, "Chalcogenide glass fibers for mid-infrared transmission," J. Lightwave Technol. 2,607 (1984).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. Heo, M. Rodrigues, S. J. Saggese, and G. H. Sigel, "Remote fiber-optic chemical sensing using evanescent-wave interactions in chalcogenide glass fibers," Appl. Opt. 30,3944-3951 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. R. E. Slusher, G. Lenz, J. Hodelin, J. Sanghera, L. B. Shaw, and I. D. Aggarwal, "Large Raman gain and nonlinear phase shifts in high-purity As2Se3 chalcogenide fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21,1146-1155 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. G. Winful, J. H. Marburger, and E. Garmire, "Theory of bistability in nonlinear distributed feedback structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 35,379-381 (1979).
    [CrossRef]
  5. B. J. Eggleton, R. E. Slusher, J. B. Judkins, J. B. Stark, and A. M. Vengsarkar, "All-optical switching in long-period fiber gratings," Opt. Lett. 22,883-885 (1997).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. K. S. Abedin, "Observation of strong stimulated Brillouin scattering in single-mode As2Se3 chalcogenide fiber," Opt. Express 13,10266 - 10271 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. L. B. Fu, M. Rochette, V. G. Ta'eed, D. J. Moss, and B. J. Eggleton, "Investigation of self-phase modulation based optical regeneration in single mode As2Se3 chalcogenide glass fiber," Opt. Express 13,7637 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. S. Savin, M. J. F. Difonnet, G.S. Kino, and H.J. Shaw, "Tunable mechanically induced long-period fiber gratings," Opt. Lett. 25,710-712 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  11. A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, "Long-period fiber gratings as band-rejection filters," J. Lightwav. Technol. 14,58-96 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. Y. Cho and K. S. Lee, "A birefringence compensation method for mechanically induced long-period fiber gratings," Opt. Commun. 213,281-284 (2002).
    [CrossRef]

2005 (2)

2004 (1)

2002 (1)

J. Y. Cho and K. S. Lee, "A birefringence compensation method for mechanically induced long-period fiber gratings," Opt. Commun. 213,281-284 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

1997 (1)

1996 (1)

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, "Long-period fiber gratings as band-rejection filters," J. Lightwav. Technol. 14,58-96 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

1989 (1)

C. B. Probst, A. Bjarklev, and S. B. Andreasen, "Experimental Verification of Microbending Theory using Mode Coupling to Discrete Cladding Modes," J. Lightwave Technol. 7,55-60 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1984 (1)

T. Kanamori, Y. Terunuma, S. Takahashi, and T. Miyashita, "Chalcogenide glass fibers for mid-infrared transmission," J. Lightwave Technol. 2,607 (1984).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

1979 (1)

H. G. Winful, J. H. Marburger, and E. Garmire, "Theory of bistability in nonlinear distributed feedback structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 35,379-381 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Abedin, K. S.

Aggarwal, I. D.

Andreasen, S. B.

C. B. Probst, A. Bjarklev, and S. B. Andreasen, "Experimental Verification of Microbending Theory using Mode Coupling to Discrete Cladding Modes," J. Lightwave Technol. 7,55-60 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Bhatia, V.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, "Long-period fiber gratings as band-rejection filters," J. Lightwav. Technol. 14,58-96 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Bjarklev, A.

C. B. Probst, A. Bjarklev, and S. B. Andreasen, "Experimental Verification of Microbending Theory using Mode Coupling to Discrete Cladding Modes," J. Lightwave Technol. 7,55-60 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Cho, J. Y.

J. Y. Cho and K. S. Lee, "A birefringence compensation method for mechanically induced long-period fiber gratings," Opt. Commun. 213,281-284 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Difonnet, M. J. F.

Eggleton, B. J.

Erdogan, T.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, "Long-period fiber gratings as band-rejection filters," J. Lightwav. Technol. 14,58-96 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Fu, L. B.

Garmire, E.

H. G. Winful, J. H. Marburger, and E. Garmire, "Theory of bistability in nonlinear distributed feedback structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 35,379-381 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Heo, J.

Hodelin, J.

Judkins, J. B.

B. J. Eggleton, R. E. Slusher, J. B. Judkins, J. B. Stark, and A. M. Vengsarkar, "All-optical switching in long-period fiber gratings," Opt. Lett. 22,883-885 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, "Long-period fiber gratings as band-rejection filters," J. Lightwav. Technol. 14,58-96 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Kanamori, T.

T. Kanamori, Y. Terunuma, S. Takahashi, and T. Miyashita, "Chalcogenide glass fibers for mid-infrared transmission," J. Lightwave Technol. 2,607 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Kino, G.S.

Lee, K. S.

J. Y. Cho and K. S. Lee, "A birefringence compensation method for mechanically induced long-period fiber gratings," Opt. Commun. 213,281-284 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lemaire, P. J.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, "Long-period fiber gratings as band-rejection filters," J. Lightwav. Technol. 14,58-96 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lenz, G.

Marburger, J. H.

H. G. Winful, J. H. Marburger, and E. Garmire, "Theory of bistability in nonlinear distributed feedback structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 35,379-381 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Miyashita, T.

T. Kanamori, Y. Terunuma, S. Takahashi, and T. Miyashita, "Chalcogenide glass fibers for mid-infrared transmission," J. Lightwave Technol. 2,607 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Moss, D. J.

Probst, C. B.

C. B. Probst, A. Bjarklev, and S. B. Andreasen, "Experimental Verification of Microbending Theory using Mode Coupling to Discrete Cladding Modes," J. Lightwave Technol. 7,55-60 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Rochette, M.

Rodrigues, M.

Saggese, S. J.

Sanghera, J.

Savin, S.

Shaw, H.J.

Shaw, L. B.

Sigel, G. H.

Sipe, J. E.

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, "Long-period fiber gratings as band-rejection filters," J. Lightwav. Technol. 14,58-96 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Slusher, R. E.

Stark, J. B.

Ta'eed, V. G.

Takahashi, S.

T. Kanamori, Y. Terunuma, S. Takahashi, and T. Miyashita, "Chalcogenide glass fibers for mid-infrared transmission," J. Lightwave Technol. 2,607 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Terunuma, Y.

T. Kanamori, Y. Terunuma, S. Takahashi, and T. Miyashita, "Chalcogenide glass fibers for mid-infrared transmission," J. Lightwave Technol. 2,607 (1984).
[CrossRef]

Vengsarkar, A. M.

B. J. Eggleton, R. E. Slusher, J. B. Judkins, J. B. Stark, and A. M. Vengsarkar, "All-optical switching in long-period fiber gratings," Opt. Lett. 22,883-885 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, "Long-period fiber gratings as band-rejection filters," J. Lightwav. Technol. 14,58-96 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Winful, H. G.

H. G. Winful, J. H. Marburger, and E. Garmire, "Theory of bistability in nonlinear distributed feedback structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 35,379-381 (1979).
[CrossRef]

Youngquist, R. C.

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

H. G. Winful, J. H. Marburger, and E. Garmire, "Theory of bistability in nonlinear distributed feedback structures," Appl. Phys. Lett. 35,379-381 (1979).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwav. Technol. (1)

A. M. Vengsarkar, P. J. Lemaire, J. B. Judkins, V. Bhatia, T. Erdogan, and J. E. Sipe, "Long-period fiber gratings as band-rejection filters," J. Lightwav. Technol. 14,58-96 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

C. B. Probst, A. Bjarklev, and S. B. Andreasen, "Experimental Verification of Microbending Theory using Mode Coupling to Discrete Cladding Modes," J. Lightwave Technol. 7,55-60 (1989).
[CrossRef]

T. Kanamori, Y. Terunuma, S. Takahashi, and T. Miyashita, "Chalcogenide glass fibers for mid-infrared transmission," J. Lightwave Technol. 2,607 (1984).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. Y. Cho and K. S. Lee, "A birefringence compensation method for mechanically induced long-period fiber gratings," Opt. Commun. 213,281-284 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (3)

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Side view of a mechanically-induced LPG

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

LPG grating response for increasing clamp pressure

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Transmission spectra for two orthogonal linear polarizations

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Temperature dependence of the LPG resonant wavelength and transmission spectra at 40° and 50° C

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