Abstract

Lithographically rendered, slab-waveguide-based, volume holographic filters are shown, via fabrication and test, capable of providing fully integrated, single-mode compatible, flat-topped and low loss filtering for wide bandwidth multiplexers as, for example, used in coarse wave-division multiplexing (CWDM). Single-mode compatibility is preserved since the filters operate via multi-path interference like thin-film filters rather than the angular dispersion typically utilized by grating type devices. Flexible apodization, entirely consistent with simple binary etch, is employed to provide steep passband falloff. High reflectivity and wide bandwidth is enabled through a tailored dual core waveguide geometry providing for mode concentration on the diffractive elements.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  3. C. Dragone, "An N x N optical multiplexer using a planar arrangement of two star couplers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 812-815 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  4. J. He, B. Lamontagne, A. Delage, L. Erickson, M. Davies, and E. S. Koteles, "Monolithic integrated wavelength demultiplexer based on a waveguide Rowland circle grating in InGaAsP/InP," J. Lightwave. Technol. 16, 631-638 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2005 (2)

2004 (2)

2003 (1)

C. R. Doerr, R. Pafchek, and L. W. Stulz, "Integrated band demultiplexer using waveguide grating routers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1088-1090 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

1998 (2)

J. He, B. Lamontagne, A. Delage, L. Erickson, M. Davies, and E. S. Koteles, "Monolithic integrated wavelength demultiplexer based on a waveguide Rowland circle grating in InGaAsP/InP," J. Lightwave. Technol. 16, 631-638 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. R. Babbitt and T. W. Mossberg, "Optical waveform processing and routing with structured surface gratings," Opt. Commun. 148, 23 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1991 (1)

C. Dragone, "An N x N optical multiplexer using a planar arrangement of two star couplers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 812-815 (1991).
[CrossRef]

1990 (2)

C. H. Henry, R. F. Kazarinov, Y. Shani, R. C. Kistler, V. Pol, and K. J. Orlowsky, "Four-channel wavelength division multiplexers and bandpass filters based on elliptical Bragg reflectors," J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 748-755 (1990).
[CrossRef]

H. Takahashi, S. Suzuki, K. Kato, and I. Nishi, "Arrayed waveguide grating for wavelength division multi/demultiplexer with nanometer resolution," Electron. Lett. 26, 87-88 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

M. K. Smit, "New focusing and dispersive planar component based on an optical phased array," Electron. Lett. 24, 385-386 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Babbitt, W. R.

W. R. Babbitt and T. W. Mossberg, "Optical waveform processing and routing with structured surface gratings," Opt. Commun. 148, 23 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cappuzzo, M.

Chen, E.

Davies, M.

J. He, B. Lamontagne, A. Delage, L. Erickson, M. Davies, and E. S. Koteles, "Monolithic integrated wavelength demultiplexer based on a waveguide Rowland circle grating in InGaAsP/InP," J. Lightwave. Technol. 16, 631-638 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Delage, A.

J. He, B. Lamontagne, A. Delage, L. Erickson, M. Davies, and E. S. Koteles, "Monolithic integrated wavelength demultiplexer based on a waveguide Rowland circle grating in InGaAsP/InP," J. Lightwave. Technol. 16, 631-638 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Densmore, A.

Doerr, C. R.

Dragone, C.

C. Dragone, "An N x N optical multiplexer using a planar arrangement of two star couplers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 812-815 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Erickson, L.

J. He, B. Lamontagne, A. Delage, L. Erickson, M. Davies, and E. S. Koteles, "Monolithic integrated wavelength demultiplexer based on a waveguide Rowland circle grating in InGaAsP/InP," J. Lightwave. Technol. 16, 631-638 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gomez, L.

Grabtchak, S.

Greiner, C.

He, J.

J. He, B. Lamontagne, A. Delage, L. Erickson, M. Davies, and E. S. Koteles, "Monolithic integrated wavelength demultiplexer based on a waveguide Rowland circle grating in InGaAsP/InP," J. Lightwave. Technol. 16, 631-638 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Henry, C. H.

C. H. Henry, R. F. Kazarinov, Y. Shani, R. C. Kistler, V. Pol, and K. J. Orlowsky, "Four-channel wavelength division multiplexers and bandpass filters based on elliptical Bragg reflectors," J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 748-755 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Ho, C.

Iazikov, D.

Kato, K.

H. Takahashi, S. Suzuki, K. Kato, and I. Nishi, "Arrayed waveguide grating for wavelength division multi/demultiplexer with nanometer resolution," Electron. Lett. 26, 87-88 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Kazarinov, R. F.

C. H. Henry, R. F. Kazarinov, Y. Shani, R. C. Kistler, V. Pol, and K. J. Orlowsky, "Four-channel wavelength division multiplexers and bandpass filters based on elliptical Bragg reflectors," J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 748-755 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Kistler, R. C.

C. H. Henry, R. F. Kazarinov, Y. Shani, R. C. Kistler, V. Pol, and K. J. Orlowsky, "Four-channel wavelength division multiplexers and bandpass filters based on elliptical Bragg reflectors," J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 748-755 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Koteles, E. S.

J. He, B. Lamontagne, A. Delage, L. Erickson, M. Davies, and E. S. Koteles, "Monolithic integrated wavelength demultiplexer based on a waveguide Rowland circle grating in InGaAsP/InP," J. Lightwave. Technol. 16, 631-638 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Laframboise, S.

Lam, J.

Lamontagne, B.

J. He, B. Lamontagne, A. Delage, L. Erickson, M. Davies, and E. S. Koteles, "Monolithic integrated wavelength demultiplexer based on a waveguide Rowland circle grating in InGaAsP/InP," J. Lightwave. Technol. 16, 631-638 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Logvin, Y.

McGreer, K.

Mossberg, T. W.

Nishi, I.

H. Takahashi, S. Suzuki, K. Kato, and I. Nishi, "Arrayed waveguide grating for wavelength division multi/demultiplexer with nanometer resolution," Electron. Lett. 26, 87-88 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, K.

Orlowsky, K. J.

C. H. Henry, R. F. Kazarinov, Y. Shani, R. C. Kistler, V. Pol, and K. J. Orlowsky, "Four-channel wavelength division multiplexers and bandpass filters based on elliptical Bragg reflectors," J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 748-755 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Pafchek, R.

C. R. Doerr, R. Pafchek, and L. W. Stulz, "Integrated band demultiplexer using waveguide grating routers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1088-1090 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pimenov, K.

Pol, V.

C. H. Henry, R. F. Kazarinov, Y. Shani, R. C. Kistler, V. Pol, and K. J. Orlowsky, "Four-channel wavelength division multiplexers and bandpass filters based on elliptical Bragg reflectors," J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 748-755 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Shani, Y.

C. H. Henry, R. F. Kazarinov, Y. Shani, R. C. Kistler, V. Pol, and K. J. Orlowsky, "Four-channel wavelength division multiplexers and bandpass filters based on elliptical Bragg reflectors," J. Lightwave Technol. 8, 748-755 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Smit, M. K.

M. K. Smit, "New focusing and dispersive planar component based on an optical phased array," Electron. Lett. 24, 385-386 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Stulz, L. W.

C. R. Doerr, R. Pafchek, and L. W. Stulz, "Integrated band demultiplexer using waveguide grating routers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1088-1090 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, S.

H. Takahashi, S. Suzuki, K. Kato, and I. Nishi, "Arrayed waveguide grating for wavelength division multi/demultiplexer with nanometer resolution," Electron. Lett. 26, 87-88 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Takahashi, H.

H. Takahashi, S. Suzuki, K. Kato, and I. Nishi, "Arrayed waveguide grating for wavelength division multi/demultiplexer with nanometer resolution," Electron. Lett. 26, 87-88 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Tolstikhin, V. I.

Wong-Foy, A.

Wu, F.

Yamada, H.

Electron. Lett. (2)

M. K. Smit, "New focusing and dispersive planar component based on an optical phased array," Electron. Lett. 24, 385-386 (1988).
[CrossRef]

H. Takahashi, S. Suzuki, K. Kato, and I. Nishi, "Arrayed waveguide grating for wavelength division multi/demultiplexer with nanometer resolution," Electron. Lett. 26, 87-88 (1990).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (2)

C. Dragone, "An N x N optical multiplexer using a planar arrangement of two star couplers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 3, 812-815 (1991).
[CrossRef]

C. R. Doerr, R. Pafchek, and L. W. Stulz, "Integrated band demultiplexer using waveguide grating routers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1088-1090 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (4)

J. Lightwave. Technol. (1)

J. He, B. Lamontagne, A. Delage, L. Erickson, M. Davies, and E. S. Koteles, "Monolithic integrated wavelength demultiplexer based on a waveguide Rowland circle grating in InGaAsP/InP," J. Lightwave. Technol. 16, 631-638 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

W. R. Babbitt and T. W. Mossberg, "Optical waveform processing and routing with structured surface gratings," Opt. Commun. 148, 23 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (2)

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic top view of four-channel multiplexer chip with cross-section views of chip regions A, B and C.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Local reflective amplitude (solid line) and wavelength (dashed line) of integrated holographic filters as a function of contour number. Lower numbered contours are closest to the access waveguides.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Spacing between adjacent diffractive contours comprising the integrated holographic filters. Rapid variations for low and high contour numbers indicate contour displacements necessary to interferometrically apodize local reflective amplitude. Insert shows the central chirped region with increased vertical resolution.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Reflection passbands for each of the four channels comprising the apodized multiplexer/demultiplexer. Output power level shown includes all losses including fiber to die.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

An apodized filter passband shown on an expanded scale explicitly showing polarization dependence.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Channel passbands of an unapodized (constant reflective amplitude) four channel mux. Insertion loss exhibits negligible increase with channel number.

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