Abstract

Effective diode-pumped cw tunable laser action of a new alloyed crystal Yb:Gd2(1-x)Y2xSiO5 (Yb:GYSO, x = 0.5) is demonstrated for the first time. The alloyed crystal retains excellent laser properties of Gd2SiO5 (GSO), as well as the favorable growth properties and the desirable physical of Y2SiO5 (YSO). With a 5-at.% Yb:GYSO sample, we achieved 2.44 W output power at 1081.5 nm and a slope efficiency of 57%. And its laser wavelength could be tuned from 1030nm to 1089 nm.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]

2006 (1)

2005 (4)

L. Su, J. Xu, Y. Xue, C. Wang, L. Chai, X. Xu, and G. Zhao, "Low-threshold diode-pumped Yb3+,Na+:CaF2 self-Q-switched laser," Opt. Express 13, 5635-5640 (2005), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-15-5635.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Du, X. Y. Liang, Y. G. Wang, L. B. Su, W. W. Feng, E. W. Dai, Z. Z. Xu, and J. Xu, "1ps passively mode-locked laser operation of Na,Yb :CaF2 crystal," Opt. Express 13, 7970-7975 (2005), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-20-7970.

M. Jacquemet, C. Jacquemet, N. Janel, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, J. Petit, B. Viana, D. Vivien, and B. Ferrand, "Efficient laser action of Yb:LSO and Yb:YSO oxyorthosilicates crystals under high-power diode-pumping," Appl. Phys. B. 80, 171-176 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Y. Jie, G. J. Zhao, X. H. Zeng, L. B. Su, H. Y. Pang, X. M. He, and J. Xu, "Crystal growth and optical properties of Gd1.99_xYxCe0.01SiO5 single crystals," J. Crystal Growth. 277, 175-180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

C. Kränkel, D. Fagundes-Peters, S. T. Fredrich, J. Johannsen, M. Mond, G. Huber, M. Bernhagen and R. Uecker, "Continuous wave laser operation of Yb3+:YVO4," Appl. Phys. B. 79, 543-546 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Lucca, G. Debourg, M. Jacquemet, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, P. Camy, J.L. Doualan, and R. Moncorge, "High-power diode-pumped Yb3+:CaF2 femtosecond laser," Opt. Lett. 29, 2767-2769 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

2000 (2)

1999 (1)

A. A. Lagatsky, N. V. Kuleshov, and V. P. Mikhailov, "Diode-pumped CW lasing of Yh:KYW and Yb:KGW," Opt. Commun. 165, 71-75 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (2)

M. P. Hehlen, A. Kuditcher, S. C. Rand, and M. A. Tischler, "Electron-phonon interactions in CsCdBr3:Yb3+," J. Chem. Phys. 107, 4886-4862 (1997).
[CrossRef]

G. B. Loutts, A. I. Zagumennyi, S. V. Lavrishchev, Yu. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studenikin, "Czochralski growth and characterization of (Lu1 − xGdx)2SiO5 single crystals for scintillators, " J. Crystal Growth. 174, 331-336 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

Aggarwal, R.

Balembois, F.

M. Jacquemet, C. Jacquemet, N. Janel, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, J. Petit, B. Viana, D. Vivien, and B. Ferrand, "Efficient laser action of Yb:LSO and Yb:YSO oxyorthosilicates crystals under high-power diode-pumping," Appl. Phys. B. 80, 171-176 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Lucca, G. Debourg, M. Jacquemet, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, P. Camy, J.L. Doualan, and R. Moncorge, "High-power diode-pumped Yb3+:CaF2 femtosecond laser," Opt. Lett. 29, 2767-2769 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bernhagen, M.

C. Kränkel, D. Fagundes-Peters, S. T. Fredrich, J. Johannsen, M. Mond, G. Huber, M. Bernhagen and R. Uecker, "Continuous wave laser operation of Yb3+:YVO4," Appl. Phys. B. 79, 543-546 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Brunner, F.

Camy, P.

Chai, L.

Choi, H.

Contag, K.

Dai, E. W.

Debourg, G.

Ding, L.

Doualan, J.L.

Druon, F.

M. Jacquemet, C. Jacquemet, N. Janel, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, J. Petit, B. Viana, D. Vivien, and B. Ferrand, "Efficient laser action of Yb:LSO and Yb:YSO oxyorthosilicates crystals under high-power diode-pumping," Appl. Phys. B. 80, 171-176 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Lucca, G. Debourg, M. Jacquemet, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, P. Camy, J.L. Doualan, and R. Moncorge, "High-power diode-pumped Yb3+:CaF2 femtosecond laser," Opt. Lett. 29, 2767-2769 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Du, J.

Fagundes-Peters, D.

C. Kränkel, D. Fagundes-Peters, S. T. Fredrich, J. Johannsen, M. Mond, G. Huber, M. Bernhagen and R. Uecker, "Continuous wave laser operation of Yb3+:YVO4," Appl. Phys. B. 79, 543-546 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fan, T.

Feng, W. W.

Ferrand, B.

M. Jacquemet, C. Jacquemet, N. Janel, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, J. Petit, B. Viana, D. Vivien, and B. Ferrand, "Efficient laser action of Yb:LSO and Yb:YSO oxyorthosilicates crystals under high-power diode-pumping," Appl. Phys. B. 80, 171-176 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fredrich, S. T.

C. Kränkel, D. Fagundes-Peters, S. T. Fredrich, J. Johannsen, M. Mond, G. Huber, M. Bernhagen and R. Uecker, "Continuous wave laser operation of Yb3+:YVO4," Appl. Phys. B. 79, 543-546 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gao, J.

Georges, P.

M. Jacquemet, C. Jacquemet, N. Janel, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, J. Petit, B. Viana, D. Vivien, and B. Ferrand, "Efficient laser action of Yb:LSO and Yb:YSO oxyorthosilicates crystals under high-power diode-pumping," Appl. Phys. B. 80, 171-176 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Lucca, G. Debourg, M. Jacquemet, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, P. Camy, J.L. Doualan, and R. Moncorge, "High-power diode-pumped Yb3+:CaF2 femtosecond laser," Opt. Lett. 29, 2767-2769 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Giesen, A.

He, X. M.

M. Y. Jie, G. J. Zhao, X. H. Zeng, L. B. Su, H. Y. Pang, X. M. He, and J. Xu, "Crystal growth and optical properties of Gd1.99_xYxCe0.01SiO5 single crystals," J. Crystal Growth. 277, 175-180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hehlen, M. P.

M. P. Hehlen, A. Kuditcher, S. C. Rand, and M. A. Tischler, "Electron-phonon interactions in CsCdBr3:Yb3+," J. Chem. Phys. 107, 4886-4862 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Huber, G.

C. Kränkel, D. Fagundes-Peters, S. T. Fredrich, J. Johannsen, M. Mond, G. Huber, M. Bernhagen and R. Uecker, "Continuous wave laser operation of Yb3+:YVO4," Appl. Phys. B. 79, 543-546 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Innerhofer, E.

Jacquemet, C.

M. Jacquemet, C. Jacquemet, N. Janel, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, J. Petit, B. Viana, D. Vivien, and B. Ferrand, "Efficient laser action of Yb:LSO and Yb:YSO oxyorthosilicates crystals under high-power diode-pumping," Appl. Phys. B. 80, 171-176 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jacquemet, M.

M. Jacquemet, C. Jacquemet, N. Janel, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, J. Petit, B. Viana, D. Vivien, and B. Ferrand, "Efficient laser action of Yb:LSO and Yb:YSO oxyorthosilicates crystals under high-power diode-pumping," Appl. Phys. B. 80, 171-176 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Lucca, G. Debourg, M. Jacquemet, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, P. Camy, J.L. Doualan, and R. Moncorge, "High-power diode-pumped Yb3+:CaF2 femtosecond laser," Opt. Lett. 29, 2767-2769 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Janel, N.

M. Jacquemet, C. Jacquemet, N. Janel, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, J. Petit, B. Viana, D. Vivien, and B. Ferrand, "Efficient laser action of Yb:LSO and Yb:YSO oxyorthosilicates crystals under high-power diode-pumping," Appl. Phys. B. 80, 171-176 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Jie, M. Y.

M. Y. Jie, G. J. Zhao, X. H. Zeng, L. B. Su, H. Y. Pang, X. M. He, and J. Xu, "Crystal growth and optical properties of Gd1.99_xYxCe0.01SiO5 single crystals," J. Crystal Growth. 277, 175-180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Johannsen, J.

C. Kränkel, D. Fagundes-Peters, S. T. Fredrich, J. Johannsen, M. Mond, G. Huber, M. Bernhagen and R. Uecker, "Continuous wave laser operation of Yb3+:YVO4," Appl. Phys. B. 79, 543-546 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Keller, U.

Kisel, V. E.

Kränkel, C.

C. Kränkel, D. Fagundes-Peters, S. T. Fredrich, J. Johannsen, M. Mond, G. Huber, M. Bernhagen and R. Uecker, "Continuous wave laser operation of Yb3+:YVO4," Appl. Phys. B. 79, 543-546 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Krupke, W. F.

W. F. Krupke, "Ytterbium solid-state lasers—the first decade," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1287-1296 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kuditcher, A.

M. P. Hehlen, A. Kuditcher, S. C. Rand, and M. A. Tischler, "Electron-phonon interactions in CsCdBr3:Yb3+," J. Chem. Phys. 107, 4886-4862 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kuleshov, N. V.

Lacovarea, P.

Lagatsky, A. A.

A. A. Lagatsky, N. V. Kuleshov, and V. P. Mikhailov, "Diode-pumped CW lasing of Yh:KYW and Yb:KGW," Opt. Commun. 165, 71-75 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lavrishchev, S. V.

G. B. Loutts, A. I. Zagumennyi, S. V. Lavrishchev, Yu. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studenikin, "Czochralski growth and characterization of (Lu1 − xGdx)2SiO5 single crystals for scintillators, " J. Crystal Growth. 174, 331-336 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Li, W.

Liang, X. Y.

Loutts, G. B.

G. B. Loutts, A. I. Zagumennyi, S. V. Lavrishchev, Yu. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studenikin, "Czochralski growth and characterization of (Lu1 − xGdx)2SiO5 single crystals for scintillators, " J. Crystal Growth. 174, 331-336 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lucca, A.

Mikhailov, V. P.

A. A. Lagatsky, N. V. Kuleshov, and V. P. Mikhailov, "Diode-pumped CW lasing of Yh:KYW and Yb:KGW," Opt. Commun. 165, 71-75 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Moncorge, R.

Mond, M.

C. Kränkel, D. Fagundes-Peters, S. T. Fredrich, J. Johannsen, M. Mond, G. Huber, M. Bernhagen and R. Uecker, "Continuous wave laser operation of Yb3+:YVO4," Appl. Phys. B. 79, 543-546 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Morier-Genoud, F.

Pan, H.

Pang, H. Y.

M. Y. Jie, G. J. Zhao, X. H. Zeng, L. B. Su, H. Y. Pang, X. M. He, and J. Xu, "Crystal growth and optical properties of Gd1.99_xYxCe0.01SiO5 single crystals," J. Crystal Growth. 277, 175-180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Paschotta, R.

Petit, J.

M. Jacquemet, C. Jacquemet, N. Janel, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, J. Petit, B. Viana, D. Vivien, and B. Ferrand, "Efficient laser action of Yb:LSO and Yb:YSO oxyorthosilicates crystals under high-power diode-pumping," Appl. Phys. B. 80, 171-176 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Rand, S. C.

M. P. Hehlen, A. Kuditcher, S. C. Rand, and M. A. Tischler, "Electron-phonon interactions in CsCdBr3:Yb3+," J. Chem. Phys. 107, 4886-4862 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Scherbitsky, V. G.

Spühler, G. J.

Studenikin, P. A.

G. B. Loutts, A. I. Zagumennyi, S. V. Lavrishchev, Yu. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studenikin, "Czochralski growth and characterization of (Lu1 − xGdx)2SiO5 single crystals for scintillators, " J. Crystal Growth. 174, 331-336 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Su, L.

Su, L. B.

J. Du, X. Y. Liang, Y. G. Wang, L. B. Su, W. W. Feng, E. W. Dai, Z. Z. Xu, and J. Xu, "1ps passively mode-locked laser operation of Na,Yb :CaF2 crystal," Opt. Express 13, 7970-7975 (2005), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-20-7970.

M. Y. Jie, G. J. Zhao, X. H. Zeng, L. B. Su, H. Y. Pang, X. M. He, and J. Xu, "Crystal growth and optical properties of Gd1.99_xYxCe0.01SiO5 single crystals," J. Crystal Growth. 277, 175-180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Südmeyer, T.

Tischler, M. A.

M. P. Hehlen, A. Kuditcher, S. C. Rand, and M. A. Tischler, "Electron-phonon interactions in CsCdBr3:Yb3+," J. Chem. Phys. 107, 4886-4862 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Uecker, R.

C. Kränkel, D. Fagundes-Peters, S. T. Fredrich, J. Johannsen, M. Mond, G. Huber, M. Bernhagen and R. Uecker, "Continuous wave laser operation of Yb3+:YVO4," Appl. Phys. B. 79, 543-546 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Viana, B.

M. Jacquemet, C. Jacquemet, N. Janel, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, J. Petit, B. Viana, D. Vivien, and B. Ferrand, "Efficient laser action of Yb:LSO and Yb:YSO oxyorthosilicates crystals under high-power diode-pumping," Appl. Phys. B. 80, 171-176 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Vivien, D.

M. Jacquemet, C. Jacquemet, N. Janel, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, J. Petit, B. Viana, D. Vivien, and B. Ferrand, "Efficient laser action of Yb:LSO and Yb:YSO oxyorthosilicates crystals under high-power diode-pumping," Appl. Phys. B. 80, 171-176 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, C.

Wang, Y. G.

Xu, J.

Xu, X.

Xu, Z. Z.

Xue, Y.

Yan, C.

Zagumennyi, A. I.

G. B. Loutts, A. I. Zagumennyi, S. V. Lavrishchev, Yu. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studenikin, "Czochralski growth and characterization of (Lu1 − xGdx)2SiO5 single crystals for scintillators, " J. Crystal Growth. 174, 331-336 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zavartsev, Yu. D.

G. B. Loutts, A. I. Zagumennyi, S. V. Lavrishchev, Yu. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studenikin, "Czochralski growth and characterization of (Lu1 − xGdx)2SiO5 single crystals for scintillators, " J. Crystal Growth. 174, 331-336 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, H.

Zeng, X. H.

M. Y. Jie, G. J. Zhao, X. H. Zeng, L. B. Su, H. Y. Pang, X. M. He, and J. Xu, "Crystal growth and optical properties of Gd1.99_xYxCe0.01SiO5 single crystals," J. Crystal Growth. 277, 175-180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, G.

Zhao, G. J.

M. Y. Jie, G. J. Zhao, X. H. Zeng, L. B. Su, H. Y. Pang, X. M. He, and J. Xu, "Crystal growth and optical properties of Gd1.99_xYxCe0.01SiO5 single crystals," J. Crystal Growth. 277, 175-180 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B. (2)

C. Kränkel, D. Fagundes-Peters, S. T. Fredrich, J. Johannsen, M. Mond, G. Huber, M. Bernhagen and R. Uecker, "Continuous wave laser operation of Yb3+:YVO4," Appl. Phys. B. 79, 543-546 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. Jacquemet, C. Jacquemet, N. Janel, F. Druon, F. Balembois, P. Georges, J. Petit, B. Viana, D. Vivien, and B. Ferrand, "Efficient laser action of Yb:LSO and Yb:YSO oxyorthosilicates crystals under high-power diode-pumping," Appl. Phys. B. 80, 171-176 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

W. F. Krupke, "Ytterbium solid-state lasers—the first decade," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1287-1296 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

M. P. Hehlen, A. Kuditcher, S. C. Rand, and M. A. Tischler, "Electron-phonon interactions in CsCdBr3:Yb3+," J. Chem. Phys. 107, 4886-4862 (1997).
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G. B. Loutts, A. I. Zagumennyi, S. V. Lavrishchev, Yu. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studenikin, "Czochralski growth and characterization of (Lu1 − xGdx)2SiO5 single crystals for scintillators, " J. Crystal Growth. 174, 331-336 (1997).
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Opt. Commun. (1)

A. A. Lagatsky, N. V. Kuleshov, and V. P. Mikhailov, "Diode-pumped CW lasing of Yh:KYW and Yb:KGW," Opt. Commun. 165, 71-75 (1999).
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Other (4)

S. Chénais, F. Balembois, F. Druon, P. Georges, R. Gaumé, B. Viana, G. Aka, and D. Vivien, "Multiwatt and broadly tunable laser action from diode-pumping of two silicate ytterbium-doped crystals: Yb:Y2SiO5 and Yb:SrY4(SiO4)3O," in Conf. Lasers Electro-Optics Europe, Tech. Dig., Conf. Ed., 2003, CA2-5.

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[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1
Fig. 1

The room-temperature unpolarized absorption and emission spectra of Yb:GYSO laser crystal.

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

Configuration of the cw Yb:GYSO laser.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Output power versus absorbed pump power with 5-at.% Yb:GYSO for different output couplers at 1081.5 nm.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Tuning curve of Yb:GYSO with an SF10 dispersive prism and a 10% transmission output coupler. The inset is the wavelength tuning curve for Yb:GSO with transmission output coupler of 10%.

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