Abstract

The analysis of optical pulse generation by phase modulation of narrowband continuous-wave light, and subsequent propagation through a group-delay-dispersion circuit, is usually performed in terms of the so-called bunching parameter. This heuristic approach does not provide theoretical support for the electrooptic flat-top-pulse generation reported recently. Here, we perform a waveform synthesis in terms of the Fresnel images of the periodically phase-modulated input light. In particular, we demonstrate flat-top-pulse generation with a duty ratio of 50% at a quarter of the Talbot condition for the sinusoidal phase modulation. Finally, we propose a binary modulation format to generate a well-defined square-wave-type optical bit pattern.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. W. H. Knox, "Ultrafast technology in telecommunications," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1273-1278 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Suzuki, H. Tanaka, and Y. Matsushima, "InGaAsP electroabsorption modulator for high-bit-rate EDFA systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 586-588 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  3. K. Wakita, K. Sato, I. Kotaka. M. Yamamoto, and M. Asobe, "Transform-limited 7-ps optical pulse generation using a sinusoidally driven InGaAsP/InGaAsP strained multiple-quantum-well DFB laser/modulator monolithically integrated light source," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 899-901 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  4. V. Kaman, S. Z. Zhang, A. J., Keating, and J. E. Bowers, "High-speed operation of travelling-wave electroabsorption modulator," Electron. Lett. 35, 993-995 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. E. Bjorkholm, E. H. Turner, and D. B. Pearson, "Conversion of cw light into a train of subnanosecond pulses using frequency modulation and the dispersion of a near-resonant atomic vapor," Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 564-566 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  6. T. Kobayashi, H. Yao, K. Amano, Y. Fukushima, A. Morimoto, and T. Sueta, "Optical pulse compression using high-frequency electrooptic phase modulation," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 382-387 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  7. E. A. Golovchenko, C. R. Menyuk, G. M. Carter, and P. V. Mamyshev, "Analysis of optical pulse train generation through filtering of an externally phase-modulated signal from a CW laser," Electron. Lett. 31, 2198-2199 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. Kim, M. Arisawa, A. Morimoto, and T. Kobayashi, "Femtosecond optical pulse generation using quasi-velocity-matched electrooptic phase modulator," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 493-499 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  9. H. Murata, A. Morimoto, T. Kobayashi, and S. Yamamoto, "Optical pulse generation by electrooptic-modulation method and its application to integrated ultrashort pulse generators," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1325-1331 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  10. K. Sato, "Optical pulse generation using Fabry-Pérot lasers under continuous-wave operation," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1288-1293 (2003).
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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  14. W. M. Yee and K. A. Shore, "Multimode analysis of self locked FM operation in laser diodes," IEE Proceedings-J. 140, 21-25 (1993).
  15. T. Khayim, M. Yamamuchi, D. Kim, T. Kobayashi, "Femtosecond optical pulse generation from a CW laser using an electrooptic phase modulator featuring lens modulation," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1412-1418 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  16. T. Komukai, T. Yamamoto, and S. Kawanishi, "Optical pulse generator using phase modulator and linearly chirped fiber Bragg gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1746-1748 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  17. T. Otsuji, M. Yaita, T. Nagatsuma, and E. Sano, "10-80-Gb/s highly extinctive electrooptic pulse pattern generation," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 643-649 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  18. N. K. Berger, B. Levit, A. Bekker, and B. Fischer, "Compression of periodic optical pulses using temporal fractional Talbot effect," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1855-1857 (2004).
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  20. J. Azaña and M. A. Muriel, "Technique for multiplying the repetition rates of periodic trains of pulses by means of a temporal self-imaging effect in chirped fiber gratings," Opt. Lett. 24, 1672-1674 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  21. J. Azaña and M. A. Muriel, "Temporal self-imaging effects: Theory and application for multiplying pulse repetition rates," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 728-744 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  22. J. Lancis, J. Caraquitena, P. Andrés, and M. A. Muriel, "Temporal self-imaging effect for chirped laser pulse sequences: repetition rate and duty cycle tunability," Opt. Commun. 253, 156-163 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  23. B. H. Kolner, "Space-time duality and the theory of temporal imaging," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1951-1963 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  24. J. M. Cowley and A. F. Moodie, "Fourier images. IV: the phase grating," Proc. Phys. Soc. London Sec. B 76, 378-384 (1960).
    [CrossRef]
  25. V. Arrizón and J. Ojeda-Castañeda, "Irradiance at Fresnel planes of a phase grating," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 9, 1801-1806 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  26. J. P. Guigay, "On Fresnel diffraction by one-dimensional periodic objects, with application to structure determination of phase objects," Opt. Acta 18, 677-682 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  27. G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems, 3rd edition, Wiley Interscience, New York 2002.
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  28. F. Ouellette, J. F. Cliche, and S. Gagnon, "All-fiber devices for chromatic dispersion compensation based on chirped distributed resonant coupling," J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1728-1738 (1994).
    [CrossRef]

2005 (2)

T. Komukai, T. Yamamoto, and S. Kawanishi, "Optical pulse generator using phase modulator and linearly chirped fiber Bragg gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1746-1748 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Lancis, J. Caraquitena, P. Andrés, and M. A. Muriel, "Temporal self-imaging effect for chirped laser pulse sequences: repetition rate and duty cycle tunability," Opt. Commun. 253, 156-163 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

N. K. Berger, B. Levit, A. Bekker, and B. Fischer, "Compression of periodic optical pulses using temporal fractional Talbot effect," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1855-1857 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

K. Sato, "Optical pulse generation using Fabry-Pérot lasers under continuous-wave operation," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1288-1293 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

J. Azaña and M. A. Muriel, "Temporal self-imaging effects: Theory and application for multiplying pulse repetition rates," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 728-744 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

H. Murata, A. Morimoto, T. Kobayashi, and S. Yamamoto, "Optical pulse generation by electrooptic-modulation method and its application to integrated ultrashort pulse generators," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1325-1331 (2000).
[CrossRef]

W. H. Knox, "Ultrafast technology in telecommunications," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1273-1278 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (3)

V. Kaman, S. Z. Zhang, A. J., Keating, and J. E. Bowers, "High-speed operation of travelling-wave electroabsorption modulator," Electron. Lett. 35, 993-995 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. Khayim, M. Yamamuchi, D. Kim, T. Kobayashi, "Femtosecond optical pulse generation from a CW laser using an electrooptic phase modulator featuring lens modulation," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1412-1418 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Azaña and M. A. Muriel, "Technique for multiplying the repetition rates of periodic trains of pulses by means of a temporal self-imaging effect in chirped fiber gratings," Opt. Lett. 24, 1672-1674 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

D. Kim, M. Arisawa, A. Morimoto, and T. Kobayashi, "Femtosecond optical pulse generation using quasi-velocity-matched electrooptic phase modulator," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 493-499 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Otsuji, M. Yaita, T. Nagatsuma, and E. Sano, "10-80-Gb/s highly extinctive electrooptic pulse pattern generation," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 643-649 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

E. A. Golovchenko, C. R. Menyuk, G. M. Carter, and P. V. Mamyshev, "Analysis of optical pulse train generation through filtering of an externally phase-modulated signal from a CW laser," Electron. Lett. 31, 2198-2199 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (2)

B. H. Kolner, "Space-time duality and the theory of temporal imaging," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1951-1963 (1994).
[CrossRef]

F. Ouellette, J. F. Cliche, and S. Gagnon, "All-fiber devices for chromatic dispersion compensation based on chirped distributed resonant coupling," J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1728-1738 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

K. Wakita, K. Sato, I. Kotaka. M. Yamamoto, and M. Asobe, "Transform-limited 7-ps optical pulse generation using a sinusoidally driven InGaAsP/InGaAsP strained multiple-quantum-well DFB laser/modulator monolithically integrated light source," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 899-901 (1993).
[CrossRef]

W. M. Yee and K. A. Shore, "Multimode analysis of self locked FM operation in laser diodes," IEE Proceedings-J. 140, 21-25 (1993).

1992 (2)

M. Suzuki, H. Tanaka, and Y. Matsushima, "InGaAsP electroabsorption modulator for high-bit-rate EDFA systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 586-588 (1992).
[CrossRef]

V. Arrizón and J. Ojeda-Castañeda, "Irradiance at Fresnel planes of a phase grating," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 9, 1801-1806 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

K. A. Shore and W. M. Yee, "Theory of self-locking FM operation in semiconductor lasers," IEE Proceedings-J. 138, 91-96 (1991).

1989 (1)

L. F. Tiemeijer, P. I. Kuindersma, P. J. A. Thijs, and G. L. J. Rikken, "Passive FM locking in InGaAsP semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1385-1392 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1988 (1)

T. Kobayashi, H. Yao, K. Amano, Y. Fukushima, A. Morimoto, and T. Sueta, "Optical pulse compression using high-frequency electrooptic phase modulation," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 382-387 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1975 (1)

J. E. Bjorkholm, E. H. Turner, and D. B. Pearson, "Conversion of cw light into a train of subnanosecond pulses using frequency modulation and the dispersion of a near-resonant atomic vapor," Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 564-566 (1975).
[CrossRef]

1971 (1)

J. P. Guigay, "On Fresnel diffraction by one-dimensional periodic objects, with application to structure determination of phase objects," Opt. Acta 18, 677-682 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1965 (1)

S. E. Harris and O. P. McDuff, "Theory of FM laser oscillation," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-1, 245-262 (1965).
[CrossRef]

1960 (1)

J. M. Cowley and A. F. Moodie, "Fourier images. IV: the phase grating," Proc. Phys. Soc. London Sec. B 76, 378-384 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Amano, K.

T. Kobayashi, H. Yao, K. Amano, Y. Fukushima, A. Morimoto, and T. Sueta, "Optical pulse compression using high-frequency electrooptic phase modulation," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 382-387 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Andrés, P.

J. Lancis, J. Caraquitena, P. Andrés, and M. A. Muriel, "Temporal self-imaging effect for chirped laser pulse sequences: repetition rate and duty cycle tunability," Opt. Commun. 253, 156-163 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Arisawa, M.

D. Kim, M. Arisawa, A. Morimoto, and T. Kobayashi, "Femtosecond optical pulse generation using quasi-velocity-matched electrooptic phase modulator," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 493-499 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Arrizón, V.

Azaña, J.

J. Azaña and M. A. Muriel, "Temporal self-imaging effects: Theory and application for multiplying pulse repetition rates," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 728-744 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Azaña and M. A. Muriel, "Technique for multiplying the repetition rates of periodic trains of pulses by means of a temporal self-imaging effect in chirped fiber gratings," Opt. Lett. 24, 1672-1674 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bekker, A.

N. K. Berger, B. Levit, A. Bekker, and B. Fischer, "Compression of periodic optical pulses using temporal fractional Talbot effect," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1855-1857 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Berger, N. K.

N. K. Berger, B. Levit, A. Bekker, and B. Fischer, "Compression of periodic optical pulses using temporal fractional Talbot effect," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1855-1857 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bjorkholm, J. E.

J. E. Bjorkholm, E. H. Turner, and D. B. Pearson, "Conversion of cw light into a train of subnanosecond pulses using frequency modulation and the dispersion of a near-resonant atomic vapor," Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 564-566 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Caraquitena, J.

J. Lancis, J. Caraquitena, P. Andrés, and M. A. Muriel, "Temporal self-imaging effect for chirped laser pulse sequences: repetition rate and duty cycle tunability," Opt. Commun. 253, 156-163 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Carter, G. M.

E. A. Golovchenko, C. R. Menyuk, G. M. Carter, and P. V. Mamyshev, "Analysis of optical pulse train generation through filtering of an externally phase-modulated signal from a CW laser," Electron. Lett. 31, 2198-2199 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Cliche, J. F.

F. Ouellette, J. F. Cliche, and S. Gagnon, "All-fiber devices for chromatic dispersion compensation based on chirped distributed resonant coupling," J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1728-1738 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Cowley, J. M.

J. M. Cowley and A. F. Moodie, "Fourier images. IV: the phase grating," Proc. Phys. Soc. London Sec. B 76, 378-384 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Fischer, B.

N. K. Berger, B. Levit, A. Bekker, and B. Fischer, "Compression of periodic optical pulses using temporal fractional Talbot effect," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1855-1857 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fukushima, Y.

T. Kobayashi, H. Yao, K. Amano, Y. Fukushima, A. Morimoto, and T. Sueta, "Optical pulse compression using high-frequency electrooptic phase modulation," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 382-387 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Gagnon, S.

F. Ouellette, J. F. Cliche, and S. Gagnon, "All-fiber devices for chromatic dispersion compensation based on chirped distributed resonant coupling," J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1728-1738 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Golovchenko, E. A.

E. A. Golovchenko, C. R. Menyuk, G. M. Carter, and P. V. Mamyshev, "Analysis of optical pulse train generation through filtering of an externally phase-modulated signal from a CW laser," Electron. Lett. 31, 2198-2199 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Guigay, J. P.

J. P. Guigay, "On Fresnel diffraction by one-dimensional periodic objects, with application to structure determination of phase objects," Opt. Acta 18, 677-682 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Harris, S. E.

S. E. Harris and O. P. McDuff, "Theory of FM laser oscillation," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-1, 245-262 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Kaman, V.

V. Kaman, S. Z. Zhang, A. J., Keating, and J. E. Bowers, "High-speed operation of travelling-wave electroabsorption modulator," Electron. Lett. 35, 993-995 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kawanishi, S.

T. Komukai, T. Yamamoto, and S. Kawanishi, "Optical pulse generator using phase modulator and linearly chirped fiber Bragg gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1746-1748 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Khayim, T.

T. Khayim, M. Yamamuchi, D. Kim, T. Kobayashi, "Femtosecond optical pulse generation from a CW laser using an electrooptic phase modulator featuring lens modulation," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1412-1418 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kim, D.

T. Khayim, M. Yamamuchi, D. Kim, T. Kobayashi, "Femtosecond optical pulse generation from a CW laser using an electrooptic phase modulator featuring lens modulation," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1412-1418 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Kim, M. Arisawa, A. Morimoto, and T. Kobayashi, "Femtosecond optical pulse generation using quasi-velocity-matched electrooptic phase modulator," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 493-499 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Knox, W. H.

W. H. Knox, "Ultrafast technology in telecommunications," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1273-1278 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kobayashi, T.

H. Murata, A. Morimoto, T. Kobayashi, and S. Yamamoto, "Optical pulse generation by electrooptic-modulation method and its application to integrated ultrashort pulse generators," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1325-1331 (2000).
[CrossRef]

T. Khayim, M. Yamamuchi, D. Kim, T. Kobayashi, "Femtosecond optical pulse generation from a CW laser using an electrooptic phase modulator featuring lens modulation," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1412-1418 (1999).
[CrossRef]

D. Kim, M. Arisawa, A. Morimoto, and T. Kobayashi, "Femtosecond optical pulse generation using quasi-velocity-matched electrooptic phase modulator," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 493-499 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Kobayashi, H. Yao, K. Amano, Y. Fukushima, A. Morimoto, and T. Sueta, "Optical pulse compression using high-frequency electrooptic phase modulation," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 382-387 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Kolner, B. H.

B. H. Kolner, "Space-time duality and the theory of temporal imaging," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1951-1963 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Komukai, T.

T. Komukai, T. Yamamoto, and S. Kawanishi, "Optical pulse generator using phase modulator and linearly chirped fiber Bragg gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1746-1748 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kotaka, I.

K. Wakita, K. Sato, I. Kotaka. M. Yamamoto, and M. Asobe, "Transform-limited 7-ps optical pulse generation using a sinusoidally driven InGaAsP/InGaAsP strained multiple-quantum-well DFB laser/modulator monolithically integrated light source," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 899-901 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kuindersma, P. I.

L. F. Tiemeijer, P. I. Kuindersma, P. J. A. Thijs, and G. L. J. Rikken, "Passive FM locking in InGaAsP semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1385-1392 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Lancis, J.

J. Lancis, J. Caraquitena, P. Andrés, and M. A. Muriel, "Temporal self-imaging effect for chirped laser pulse sequences: repetition rate and duty cycle tunability," Opt. Commun. 253, 156-163 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Levit, B.

N. K. Berger, B. Levit, A. Bekker, and B. Fischer, "Compression of periodic optical pulses using temporal fractional Talbot effect," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1855-1857 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mamyshev, P. V.

E. A. Golovchenko, C. R. Menyuk, G. M. Carter, and P. V. Mamyshev, "Analysis of optical pulse train generation through filtering of an externally phase-modulated signal from a CW laser," Electron. Lett. 31, 2198-2199 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Matsushima, Y.

M. Suzuki, H. Tanaka, and Y. Matsushima, "InGaAsP electroabsorption modulator for high-bit-rate EDFA systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 586-588 (1992).
[CrossRef]

McDuff, O. P.

S. E. Harris and O. P. McDuff, "Theory of FM laser oscillation," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-1, 245-262 (1965).
[CrossRef]

Menyuk, C. R.

E. A. Golovchenko, C. R. Menyuk, G. M. Carter, and P. V. Mamyshev, "Analysis of optical pulse train generation through filtering of an externally phase-modulated signal from a CW laser," Electron. Lett. 31, 2198-2199 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Moodie, A. F.

J. M. Cowley and A. F. Moodie, "Fourier images. IV: the phase grating," Proc. Phys. Soc. London Sec. B 76, 378-384 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Morimoto, A.

H. Murata, A. Morimoto, T. Kobayashi, and S. Yamamoto, "Optical pulse generation by electrooptic-modulation method and its application to integrated ultrashort pulse generators," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1325-1331 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. Kim, M. Arisawa, A. Morimoto, and T. Kobayashi, "Femtosecond optical pulse generation using quasi-velocity-matched electrooptic phase modulator," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 493-499 (1996).
[CrossRef]

T. Kobayashi, H. Yao, K. Amano, Y. Fukushima, A. Morimoto, and T. Sueta, "Optical pulse compression using high-frequency electrooptic phase modulation," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 382-387 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Murata, H.

H. Murata, A. Morimoto, T. Kobayashi, and S. Yamamoto, "Optical pulse generation by electrooptic-modulation method and its application to integrated ultrashort pulse generators," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1325-1331 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Muriel, M. A.

J. Lancis, J. Caraquitena, P. Andrés, and M. A. Muriel, "Temporal self-imaging effect for chirped laser pulse sequences: repetition rate and duty cycle tunability," Opt. Commun. 253, 156-163 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Azaña and M. A. Muriel, "Temporal self-imaging effects: Theory and application for multiplying pulse repetition rates," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 728-744 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Azaña and M. A. Muriel, "Technique for multiplying the repetition rates of periodic trains of pulses by means of a temporal self-imaging effect in chirped fiber gratings," Opt. Lett. 24, 1672-1674 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nagatsuma, T.

T. Otsuji, M. Yaita, T. Nagatsuma, and E. Sano, "10-80-Gb/s highly extinctive electrooptic pulse pattern generation," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 643-649 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ojeda-Castañeda, J.

Otsuji, T.

T. Otsuji, M. Yaita, T. Nagatsuma, and E. Sano, "10-80-Gb/s highly extinctive electrooptic pulse pattern generation," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 643-649 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ouellette, F.

F. Ouellette, J. F. Cliche, and S. Gagnon, "All-fiber devices for chromatic dispersion compensation based on chirped distributed resonant coupling," J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1728-1738 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Pearson, D. B.

J. E. Bjorkholm, E. H. Turner, and D. B. Pearson, "Conversion of cw light into a train of subnanosecond pulses using frequency modulation and the dispersion of a near-resonant atomic vapor," Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 564-566 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Rikken, G. L. J.

L. F. Tiemeijer, P. I. Kuindersma, P. J. A. Thijs, and G. L. J. Rikken, "Passive FM locking in InGaAsP semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1385-1392 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Sano, E.

T. Otsuji, M. Yaita, T. Nagatsuma, and E. Sano, "10-80-Gb/s highly extinctive electrooptic pulse pattern generation," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 643-649 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Sato, K.

K. Sato, "Optical pulse generation using Fabry-Pérot lasers under continuous-wave operation," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1288-1293 (2003).
[CrossRef]

K. Wakita, K. Sato, I. Kotaka. M. Yamamoto, and M. Asobe, "Transform-limited 7-ps optical pulse generation using a sinusoidally driven InGaAsP/InGaAsP strained multiple-quantum-well DFB laser/modulator monolithically integrated light source," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 899-901 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Shore, K. A.

W. M. Yee and K. A. Shore, "Multimode analysis of self locked FM operation in laser diodes," IEE Proceedings-J. 140, 21-25 (1993).

K. A. Shore and W. M. Yee, "Theory of self-locking FM operation in semiconductor lasers," IEE Proceedings-J. 138, 91-96 (1991).

Sueta, T.

T. Kobayashi, H. Yao, K. Amano, Y. Fukushima, A. Morimoto, and T. Sueta, "Optical pulse compression using high-frequency electrooptic phase modulation," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 382-387 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Suzuki, M.

M. Suzuki, H. Tanaka, and Y. Matsushima, "InGaAsP electroabsorption modulator for high-bit-rate EDFA systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 586-588 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Tanaka, H.

M. Suzuki, H. Tanaka, and Y. Matsushima, "InGaAsP electroabsorption modulator for high-bit-rate EDFA systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 586-588 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Thijs, P. J. A.

L. F. Tiemeijer, P. I. Kuindersma, P. J. A. Thijs, and G. L. J. Rikken, "Passive FM locking in InGaAsP semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1385-1392 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Tiemeijer, L. F.

L. F. Tiemeijer, P. I. Kuindersma, P. J. A. Thijs, and G. L. J. Rikken, "Passive FM locking in InGaAsP semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1385-1392 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Turner, E. H.

J. E. Bjorkholm, E. H. Turner, and D. B. Pearson, "Conversion of cw light into a train of subnanosecond pulses using frequency modulation and the dispersion of a near-resonant atomic vapor," Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 564-566 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Wakita, K.

K. Wakita, K. Sato, I. Kotaka. M. Yamamoto, and M. Asobe, "Transform-limited 7-ps optical pulse generation using a sinusoidally driven InGaAsP/InGaAsP strained multiple-quantum-well DFB laser/modulator monolithically integrated light source," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 899-901 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Yaita, M.

T. Otsuji, M. Yaita, T. Nagatsuma, and E. Sano, "10-80-Gb/s highly extinctive electrooptic pulse pattern generation," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 643-649 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, S.

H. Murata, A. Morimoto, T. Kobayashi, and S. Yamamoto, "Optical pulse generation by electrooptic-modulation method and its application to integrated ultrashort pulse generators," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1325-1331 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yamamoto, T.

T. Komukai, T. Yamamoto, and S. Kawanishi, "Optical pulse generator using phase modulator and linearly chirped fiber Bragg gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1746-1748 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yamamuchi, M.

T. Khayim, M. Yamamuchi, D. Kim, T. Kobayashi, "Femtosecond optical pulse generation from a CW laser using an electrooptic phase modulator featuring lens modulation," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1412-1418 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Yao, H.

T. Kobayashi, H. Yao, K. Amano, Y. Fukushima, A. Morimoto, and T. Sueta, "Optical pulse compression using high-frequency electrooptic phase modulation," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 382-387 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Yee, W. M.

W. M. Yee and K. A. Shore, "Multimode analysis of self locked FM operation in laser diodes," IEE Proceedings-J. 140, 21-25 (1993).

K. A. Shore and W. M. Yee, "Theory of self-locking FM operation in semiconductor lasers," IEE Proceedings-J. 138, 91-96 (1991).

Zhang, S. Z.

V. Kaman, S. Z. Zhang, A. J., Keating, and J. E. Bowers, "High-speed operation of travelling-wave electroabsorption modulator," Electron. Lett. 35, 993-995 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. E. Bjorkholm, E. H. Turner, and D. B. Pearson, "Conversion of cw light into a train of subnanosecond pulses using frequency modulation and the dispersion of a near-resonant atomic vapor," Appl. Phys. Lett. 26, 564-566 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

E. A. Golovchenko, C. R. Menyuk, G. M. Carter, and P. V. Mamyshev, "Analysis of optical pulse train generation through filtering of an externally phase-modulated signal from a CW laser," Electron. Lett. 31, 2198-2199 (1995).
[CrossRef]

V. Kaman, S. Z. Zhang, A. J., Keating, and J. E. Bowers, "High-speed operation of travelling-wave electroabsorption modulator," Electron. Lett. 35, 993-995 (1999).
[CrossRef]

IEE Proceedings-J. (2)

K. A. Shore and W. M. Yee, "Theory of self-locking FM operation in semiconductor lasers," IEE Proceedings-J. 138, 91-96 (1991).

W. M. Yee and K. A. Shore, "Multimode analysis of self locked FM operation in laser diodes," IEE Proceedings-J. 140, 21-25 (1993).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (5)

T. Khayim, M. Yamamuchi, D. Kim, T. Kobayashi, "Femtosecond optical pulse generation from a CW laser using an electrooptic phase modulator featuring lens modulation," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 1412-1418 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. E. Harris and O. P. McDuff, "Theory of FM laser oscillation," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. QE-1, 245-262 (1965).
[CrossRef]

L. F. Tiemeijer, P. I. Kuindersma, P. J. A. Thijs, and G. L. J. Rikken, "Passive FM locking in InGaAsP semiconductor lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 25, 1385-1392 (1989).
[CrossRef]

T. Kobayashi, H. Yao, K. Amano, Y. Fukushima, A. Morimoto, and T. Sueta, "Optical pulse compression using high-frequency electrooptic phase modulation," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 382-387 (1988).
[CrossRef]

B. H. Kolner, "Space-time duality and the theory of temporal imaging," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 30, 1951-1963 (1994).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (6)

J. Azaña and M. A. Muriel, "Temporal self-imaging effects: Theory and application for multiplying pulse repetition rates," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 728-744 (2001).
[CrossRef]

W. H. Knox, "Ultrafast technology in telecommunications," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1273-1278 (2000).
[CrossRef]

D. Kim, M. Arisawa, A. Morimoto, and T. Kobayashi, "Femtosecond optical pulse generation using quasi-velocity-matched electrooptic phase modulator," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 493-499 (1996).
[CrossRef]

H. Murata, A. Morimoto, T. Kobayashi, and S. Yamamoto, "Optical pulse generation by electrooptic-modulation method and its application to integrated ultrashort pulse generators," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1325-1331 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. Sato, "Optical pulse generation using Fabry-Pérot lasers under continuous-wave operation," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 9, 1288-1293 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Otsuji, M. Yaita, T. Nagatsuma, and E. Sano, "10-80-Gb/s highly extinctive electrooptic pulse pattern generation," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 2, 643-649 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

N. K. Berger, B. Levit, A. Bekker, and B. Fischer, "Compression of periodic optical pulses using temporal fractional Talbot effect," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 1855-1857 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Komukai, T. Yamamoto, and S. Kawanishi, "Optical pulse generator using phase modulator and linearly chirped fiber Bragg gratings," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 1746-1748 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Suzuki, H. Tanaka, and Y. Matsushima, "InGaAsP electroabsorption modulator for high-bit-rate EDFA systems," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 4, 586-588 (1992).
[CrossRef]

K. Wakita, K. Sato, I. Kotaka. M. Yamamoto, and M. Asobe, "Transform-limited 7-ps optical pulse generation using a sinusoidally driven InGaAsP/InGaAsP strained multiple-quantum-well DFB laser/modulator monolithically integrated light source," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 5, 899-901 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

F. Ouellette, J. F. Cliche, and S. Gagnon, "All-fiber devices for chromatic dispersion compensation based on chirped distributed resonant coupling," J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1728-1738 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (1)

Opt. Acta (1)

J. P. Guigay, "On Fresnel diffraction by one-dimensional periodic objects, with application to structure determination of phase objects," Opt. Acta 18, 677-682 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (1)

J. Lancis, J. Caraquitena, P. Andrés, and M. A. Muriel, "Temporal self-imaging effect for chirped laser pulse sequences: repetition rate and duty cycle tunability," Opt. Commun. 253, 156-163 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Proc. Phys. Soc. London Sec. B (1)

J. M. Cowley and A. F. Moodie, "Fourier images. IV: the phase grating," Proc. Phys. Soc. London Sec. B 76, 378-384 (1960).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

G. P. Agrawal, Fiber-Optic Communication Systems, 3rd edition, Wiley Interscience, New York 2002.
[CrossRef]

A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, S. Chandrasekhar, and C. Dorrer, "Spectrally efficient (0.8 b/s/Hz) 1-Tb/s (25x42.7 Gb/s) RZ-DQPSK transmission over 28 10-km spans with 7 optical add/drops," in ECOC 2004 Proc., 2004, Postdeadline paper Th4.4.1, pp. 40-41.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic diagram of the electrooptic pulse generator. The GDD circuit is implemented by means of a LCFG working in reflection.

Fig.2.
Fig.2.

Simulated pulse waveforms obtained by dispersion of sinusoidally phase-modulated light through a GDD circuit.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Flat-top-pulse generation under sinusoidal phase modulation.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Ultra-flat top, RZ-format-pulse generation: a) phase modulation function V(t) ; b) Numerically evaluated output intensity at dispersions values ranging the interval 0 ≤ Φ22T ≤ 1 ; and c) Plot of Iout (τ,Φ22T =0.25) given by Eq. (13) for f = 40GHz .

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Jn versus the modulation index Δθ for four different values of n.

Equations (21)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E in ( t ) = E o exp ( j ω o t ) exp [ jV ( t ) ] .
E in ( t ) = E o exp ( j ω o t ) n = c n exp ( j 2 πn t T ) .
I in ( t ) = E in ( t ) 2 = E o 2 N = C N exp ( j 2 πn t T ) ,
C N = n = c n * c n + N .
H ( ω ) = exp [ j Φ 1 ( ω ω o ) ] exp [ j Φ 2 2 ( ω ω o ) 2 ] ,
E out t Φ 2 = E o exp ( j ω o t ) n = c n exp ( j Φ 2 4 π 2 n 2 2 T 2 ) exp ( j 2 πn ( t Φ 1 ) 2 T 2 ) .
I out τ Φ 2 = E out τ Φ 2 2 = E o 2 N = C ' N ( Φ 2 ) exp ( j 2 πN τ T ) ,
C ' N ( Φ 2 ) = exp ( j Φ 2 Φ 2 T 2 π N 2 ) n = c n * c n + N exp ( j 2 Φ 2 Φ 2 T 2 πnN ) .
C ' N ( Φ 2 ) = exp ( j Φ 2 Φ 2 T 2 π N 2 ) n = J n ( Δ θ ) exp ( j 2 Φ 2 Φ 2 T 2 πnN ) .
I out ( τ , Φ 2 = Φ 2 T 4 ) = E o 2 { 1 sin [ V ( τ T 2 ) V ( τ ) ] } .
I out ( τ , Φ 2 = Φ 2 T 4 ) = E o 2 { 1 + sin [ 2 Δ θ sin ( 2 πf τ ) ] } .
V ( τ ) = { 0 if τ [ 0 , T 2 ] π 2 if τ [ T 2 , T ] ,
I out ( τ , Φ 2 = Φ 2 T 4 ) = { 0 if τ [ 0 , T 2 ] 2 E o 2 if τ [ T 2 , T ] .
M ( τ ) = exp ( jV ( τ ) ) = n = c 2 n exp ( j 2 π ( 2 n ) τ T ) + n = c 2 n + 1 exp ( j 2 π ( 2 n + 1 ) τ T ) .
M ( τ ) M ( τ T 2 ) = 2 n = c 2 n + 1 exp ( j 2 π ( 2 n + 1 ) τ T ) ,
M ( τ ) + M ( τ T 2 ) = 2 n = c 2 n exp ( j 2 π ( 2 n ) τ T ) ,
[ M ( τ ) M ( τ T 2 ) ] [ M * ( τ ) + M * ( τ T 2 ) ] = 2 j sin [ V ( τ T 2 ) V ( τ ) ] .
I out ( τ , Φ 2 = Φ 2 T 4 ) = E o 2 { N = C ' 2 N + 1 ( Φ 2 T 4 ) exp ( j 2 π ( 2 N + 1 ) τ T ) + N = C ' 2 N ( Φ 2 T 4 ) exp ( j 2 π ( 2 N ) τ T ) } ,
C ' 2 N ( Φ 2 T 4 ) = n = c n * c n + 2 N = δ 2 N , 0 ,
C ' 2 N + 1 ( Φ 2 T 4 ) = 2 j n = c 2 n * c 2 n + 2 N + 1 .
I out ( τ , Φ 2 = Φ 2 T 4 ) = E o 2 { 1 sin [ V ( τ T 2 ) V ( τ ) ] } ,

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