Abstract

A novel method for compressing a laser pulse, using a combination of transient stimulated Raman scattering and a pump-probe technique, is proposed. The approach does not require a short laser pulse, in contrast to a reported method based on impulsive stimulated Raman scattering. The observed spectrum was sufficiently broad to generate a sub-10 fs pulse. In fact, a 100-fs pulse in the near-ultraviolet region was compressed to the sub-30 fs. Further compression of the laser pulse would be achieved by compensating for phase distortion, as suggested from the observed data of the spectral phase.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. R. Ell, U. Morgner, F. X. Kärtner, J. G. Fujimoto, E. P. Ippen, V. Scheuer, G. Angelow, T. Tschudi, M. J. Lederer, A. Boiko, and B. Luther-Davies, "Generation of 5-fs pulses and octave-spanning spectra directly from a Ti:sapphire laser," Opt. Lett. 26, 373-376 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. Z. H. Yang and B. C. Walker, "0.09-terawatt pulses with a 31% efficient, kilohertz repetition-rate Ti:sapphire regenerative amplifier," Opt. Lett. 26, 453-456 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Y. Nabekawa, Y. Kuramoto, T. Togashi, T. Sekikawa, and S. Watanabe, "Generation of 0.66-TW pulses at 1 kHz by a Ti:sapphire laser," Opt. Lett. 23, 1384-1386 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  4. P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, "Generation of tunable 7-fs ultraviolet pulses: achromatic phase matching and chirp management," Appl. Phys. B 79, 1027-1032 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. K. Yamane, Z. Zhang, K. Oka, R. Morita, M. Yamashita, and A. Suguro, "Optical pulse compression to 3.4 fs in the monocycle region by feedback phase compensation," Opt. Lett. 28, 2258-2260 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. T. Imasaka, S. Kawasaki and N. Ishibashi, "Generation of More Than 40 Laser Emission Lines from the Ultraviolet to the Visible Regions by Two-Color Stimulated Raman Effect," Appl. Phys. B 49, 389 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  7. S. Yoshikawa and T. Imasaka, "A new approach for the generation of ultrashort optical pulses," Opt. Commun. 96, 94-98 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. Kawano, Y. Hirakawa, and T. Imasaka, "Generation of more than 40 rotational Raman lines by picosecond and femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser for Fourier synthesis," Appl. Phys. B 65, 1-4 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M.Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D.D. Yavuz, G.Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Generation of a Single-Cycle Optical Pulse," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94,03390414 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. Y. X. Yan, E. B. Camble, and K. Nelson, "Impulsive stimulated scattering: General importance in femtosecond laser pulse interactions with matter, and spectroscopic applications," J. Chem. Phys. 83, 5391-5399 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. Wittmann, A. Nazarkin, G. Korn, "New regime of fs-pulse stimulated Raman scattering," Appl. Phys. B 70, 261-267 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. Wittmann, A. Nazarkin, and G. Korn, "Synthesis of periodic femtosecond pulse trains in the ultraviolet by phase-locked Raman sideband generation," Opt. Lett. 26, 298-300 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  13. N. Zhavoronkov and G. Korn, "Generation of Single Intense Short Optical Pulses by Ultrafast Molecular Phase Modulation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 20390114 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  14. R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Phase Modulation of Ultrashort Light Pulses using Molecular Rotational Wave Packets," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 01390314 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. F. Noack, O. Steinkellner, P. Tzankov, H.-H. Ritze, J. Herrmann, and Y. Kida, "Generation of sub-30 fs ultraviolet pulses by Raman induced phase modulation in nitrogen," Opt. Express 13, 2467-2474 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  16. D. Linde, A. Laubereau, and W. Kaiser, "Molecular Vibrations in Liquids: Direct measurement of the Dephasing time; Determination of the Shape of Picosecond Light Pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 26, 954-957 (1971).
    [CrossRef]
  17. A. Laubereau and W. Kaiser, "Vibrational dynamics of liquids and solids investigated by picosecond light pulses," Rev. Mod. Phys. 50, 607-665 (1978).
    [CrossRef]
  18. R. L. Carman, F. Shimizu, C. S. Wang, and N. Bloembergen, "Theory of Stokes Pulse Shapes in Transient Stimulated Raman Scattering," Phys. Rev. A 2, 60 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  19. D. Kane and R. Trebino, "Characterization of arbitrary femtosecond pulses using frequency-resolved optical gating," IEEE, J. Quan, Electron. 29, 571 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  20. S. Backus, J. Peatross, Z. Zeek, A. Rundquist, G. Taft, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "16-fs, 1-mJ ultraviolet pulses generated by third-harmonic conversion in air," Opt. Lett. 21, 665-667 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. J. Giordmaine and W. Kaiser, "Light Scattering by Coherently Driven Lattice Vibrations," Phys. Rev. 144, 676 (1976).
    [CrossRef]
  22. H. Otsuka, S. Zaitsu, T. Uchimura, and T. Imasaka, "Generation of an ultrashort optical pulse by four-wave Raman mixing in deuterium cooled at 77K," Appl. Phys. B 78, 745-751 (2004).
    [CrossRef]

2005

2004

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, "Generation of tunable 7-fs ultraviolet pulses: achromatic phase matching and chirp management," Appl. Phys. B 79, 1027-1032 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Otsuka, S. Zaitsu, T. Uchimura, and T. Imasaka, "Generation of an ultrashort optical pulse by four-wave Raman mixing in deuterium cooled at 77K," Appl. Phys. B 78, 745-751 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

2002

N. Zhavoronkov and G. Korn, "Generation of Single Intense Short Optical Pulses by Ultrafast Molecular Phase Modulation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 20390114 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2001

2000

M. Wittmann, A. Nazarkin, G. Korn, "New regime of fs-pulse stimulated Raman scattering," Appl. Phys. B 70, 261-267 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998

1997

H. Kawano, Y. Hirakawa, and T. Imasaka, "Generation of more than 40 rotational Raman lines by picosecond and femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser for Fourier synthesis," Appl. Phys. B 65, 1-4 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996

1993

S. Yoshikawa and T. Imasaka, "A new approach for the generation of ultrashort optical pulses," Opt. Commun. 96, 94-98 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. Kane and R. Trebino, "Characterization of arbitrary femtosecond pulses using frequency-resolved optical gating," IEEE, J. Quan, Electron. 29, 571 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1989

T. Imasaka, S. Kawasaki and N. Ishibashi, "Generation of More Than 40 Laser Emission Lines from the Ultraviolet to the Visible Regions by Two-Color Stimulated Raman Effect," Appl. Phys. B 49, 389 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1985

Y. X. Yan, E. B. Camble, and K. Nelson, "Impulsive stimulated scattering: General importance in femtosecond laser pulse interactions with matter, and spectroscopic applications," J. Chem. Phys. 83, 5391-5399 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1978

A. Laubereau and W. Kaiser, "Vibrational dynamics of liquids and solids investigated by picosecond light pulses," Rev. Mod. Phys. 50, 607-665 (1978).
[CrossRef]

1976

J. Giordmaine and W. Kaiser, "Light Scattering by Coherently Driven Lattice Vibrations," Phys. Rev. 144, 676 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1971

D. Linde, A. Laubereau, and W. Kaiser, "Molecular Vibrations in Liquids: Direct measurement of the Dephasing time; Determination of the Shape of Picosecond Light Pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 26, 954-957 (1971).
[CrossRef]

1970

R. L. Carman, F. Shimizu, C. S. Wang, and N. Bloembergen, "Theory of Stokes Pulse Shapes in Transient Stimulated Raman Scattering," Phys. Rev. A 2, 60 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Angelow, G.

Backus, S.

Baertschy, M.

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Phase Modulation of Ultrashort Light Pulses using Molecular Rotational Wave Packets," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 01390314 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bartels, R. A.

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Phase Modulation of Ultrashort Light Pulses using Molecular Rotational Wave Packets," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 01390314 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baum, P.

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, "Generation of tunable 7-fs ultraviolet pulses: achromatic phase matching and chirp management," Appl. Phys. B 79, 1027-1032 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bloembergen, N.

R. L. Carman, F. Shimizu, C. S. Wang, and N. Bloembergen, "Theory of Stokes Pulse Shapes in Transient Stimulated Raman Scattering," Phys. Rev. A 2, 60 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Boiko, A.

Camble, E. B.

Y. X. Yan, E. B. Camble, and K. Nelson, "Impulsive stimulated scattering: General importance in femtosecond laser pulse interactions with matter, and spectroscopic applications," J. Chem. Phys. 83, 5391-5399 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Carman, R. L.

R. L. Carman, F. Shimizu, C. S. Wang, and N. Bloembergen, "Theory of Stokes Pulse Shapes in Transient Stimulated Raman Scattering," Phys. Rev. A 2, 60 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Ell, R.

Fujimoto, J. G.

Giordmaine, J.

J. Giordmaine and W. Kaiser, "Light Scattering by Coherently Driven Lattice Vibrations," Phys. Rev. 144, 676 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Greene, C. H.

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Phase Modulation of Ultrashort Light Pulses using Molecular Rotational Wave Packets," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 01390314 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Harris, S. E.

M.Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D.D. Yavuz, G.Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Generation of a Single-Cycle Optical Pulse," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94,03390414 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Herrmann, J.

Hirakawa, Y.

H. Kawano, Y. Hirakawa, and T. Imasaka, "Generation of more than 40 rotational Raman lines by picosecond and femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser for Fourier synthesis," Appl. Phys. B 65, 1-4 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Imasaka, T.

H. Otsuka, S. Zaitsu, T. Uchimura, and T. Imasaka, "Generation of an ultrashort optical pulse by four-wave Raman mixing in deuterium cooled at 77K," Appl. Phys. B 78, 745-751 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Kawano, Y. Hirakawa, and T. Imasaka, "Generation of more than 40 rotational Raman lines by picosecond and femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser for Fourier synthesis," Appl. Phys. B 65, 1-4 (1997).
[CrossRef]

S. Yoshikawa and T. Imasaka, "A new approach for the generation of ultrashort optical pulses," Opt. Commun. 96, 94-98 (1993).
[CrossRef]

T. Imasaka, S. Kawasaki and N. Ishibashi, "Generation of More Than 40 Laser Emission Lines from the Ultraviolet to the Visible Regions by Two-Color Stimulated Raman Effect," Appl. Phys. B 49, 389 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Ippen, E. P.

Ishibashi, N.

T. Imasaka, S. Kawasaki and N. Ishibashi, "Generation of More Than 40 Laser Emission Lines from the Ultraviolet to the Visible Regions by Two-Color Stimulated Raman Effect," Appl. Phys. B 49, 389 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kaiser, W.

A. Laubereau and W. Kaiser, "Vibrational dynamics of liquids and solids investigated by picosecond light pulses," Rev. Mod. Phys. 50, 607-665 (1978).
[CrossRef]

J. Giordmaine and W. Kaiser, "Light Scattering by Coherently Driven Lattice Vibrations," Phys. Rev. 144, 676 (1976).
[CrossRef]

D. Linde, A. Laubereau, and W. Kaiser, "Molecular Vibrations in Liquids: Direct measurement of the Dephasing time; Determination of the Shape of Picosecond Light Pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 26, 954-957 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Kane, D.

D. Kane and R. Trebino, "Characterization of arbitrary femtosecond pulses using frequency-resolved optical gating," IEEE, J. Quan, Electron. 29, 571 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kapteyn, H. C.

S. Backus, J. Peatross, Z. Zeek, A. Rundquist, G. Taft, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "16-fs, 1-mJ ultraviolet pulses generated by third-harmonic conversion in air," Opt. Lett. 21, 665-667 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Phase Modulation of Ultrashort Light Pulses using Molecular Rotational Wave Packets," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 01390314 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kärtner, F. X.

Kawano, H.

H. Kawano, Y. Hirakawa, and T. Imasaka, "Generation of more than 40 rotational Raman lines by picosecond and femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser for Fourier synthesis," Appl. Phys. B 65, 1-4 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kawasaki, S.

T. Imasaka, S. Kawasaki and N. Ishibashi, "Generation of More Than 40 Laser Emission Lines from the Ultraviolet to the Visible Regions by Two-Color Stimulated Raman Effect," Appl. Phys. B 49, 389 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kida, Y.

Korn, G.

N. Zhavoronkov and G. Korn, "Generation of Single Intense Short Optical Pulses by Ultrafast Molecular Phase Modulation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 20390114 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Wittmann, A. Nazarkin, and G. Korn, "Synthesis of periodic femtosecond pulse trains in the ultraviolet by phase-locked Raman sideband generation," Opt. Lett. 26, 298-300 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Wittmann, A. Nazarkin, G. Korn, "New regime of fs-pulse stimulated Raman scattering," Appl. Phys. B 70, 261-267 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kuramoto, Y.

Laubereau, A.

A. Laubereau and W. Kaiser, "Vibrational dynamics of liquids and solids investigated by picosecond light pulses," Rev. Mod. Phys. 50, 607-665 (1978).
[CrossRef]

D. Linde, A. Laubereau, and W. Kaiser, "Molecular Vibrations in Liquids: Direct measurement of the Dephasing time; Determination of the Shape of Picosecond Light Pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 26, 954-957 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Lederer, M. J.

Linde, D.

D. Linde, A. Laubereau, and W. Kaiser, "Molecular Vibrations in Liquids: Direct measurement of the Dephasing time; Determination of the Shape of Picosecond Light Pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 26, 954-957 (1971).
[CrossRef]

Lochbrunner, S.

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, "Generation of tunable 7-fs ultraviolet pulses: achromatic phase matching and chirp management," Appl. Phys. B 79, 1027-1032 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Luther-Davies, B.

Morgner, U.

Morita, R.

Murnane, M. M.

S. Backus, J. Peatross, Z. Zeek, A. Rundquist, G. Taft, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "16-fs, 1-mJ ultraviolet pulses generated by third-harmonic conversion in air," Opt. Lett. 21, 665-667 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Phase Modulation of Ultrashort Light Pulses using Molecular Rotational Wave Packets," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 01390314 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nabekawa, Y.

Nazarkin, A.

Nelson, K.

Y. X. Yan, E. B. Camble, and K. Nelson, "Impulsive stimulated scattering: General importance in femtosecond laser pulse interactions with matter, and spectroscopic applications," J. Chem. Phys. 83, 5391-5399 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Noack, F.

Oka, K.

Otsuka, H.

H. Otsuka, S. Zaitsu, T. Uchimura, and T. Imasaka, "Generation of an ultrashort optical pulse by four-wave Raman mixing in deuterium cooled at 77K," Appl. Phys. B 78, 745-751 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Peatross, J.

Riedle, E.

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, "Generation of tunable 7-fs ultraviolet pulses: achromatic phase matching and chirp management," Appl. Phys. B 79, 1027-1032 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ritze, H.-H.

Rundquist, A.

Scheuer, V.

Sekikawa, T.

Shimizu, F.

R. L. Carman, F. Shimizu, C. S. Wang, and N. Bloembergen, "Theory of Stokes Pulse Shapes in Transient Stimulated Raman Scattering," Phys. Rev. A 2, 60 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Shverdin, M.Y.

M.Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D.D. Yavuz, G.Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Generation of a Single-Cycle Optical Pulse," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94,03390414 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Steinkellner, O.

Suguro, A.

Taft, G.

Togashi, T.

Trebino, R.

D. Kane and R. Trebino, "Characterization of arbitrary femtosecond pulses using frequency-resolved optical gating," IEEE, J. Quan, Electron. 29, 571 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Tschudi, T.

Tzankov, P.

Uchimura, T.

H. Otsuka, S. Zaitsu, T. Uchimura, and T. Imasaka, "Generation of an ultrashort optical pulse by four-wave Raman mixing in deuterium cooled at 77K," Appl. Phys. B 78, 745-751 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wagner, N.

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Phase Modulation of Ultrashort Light Pulses using Molecular Rotational Wave Packets," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 01390314 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Walker, B. C.

Walker, D. R.

M.Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D.D. Yavuz, G.Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Generation of a Single-Cycle Optical Pulse," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94,03390414 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, C. S.

R. L. Carman, F. Shimizu, C. S. Wang, and N. Bloembergen, "Theory of Stokes Pulse Shapes in Transient Stimulated Raman Scattering," Phys. Rev. A 2, 60 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Watanabe, S.

Weinacht, T. C.

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Phase Modulation of Ultrashort Light Pulses using Molecular Rotational Wave Packets," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 01390314 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wittmann, M.

Yamane, K.

Yamashita, M.

Yan, Y. X.

Y. X. Yan, E. B. Camble, and K. Nelson, "Impulsive stimulated scattering: General importance in femtosecond laser pulse interactions with matter, and spectroscopic applications," J. Chem. Phys. 83, 5391-5399 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Yang, J. Z. H.

Yavuz, D.D.

M.Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D.D. Yavuz, G.Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Generation of a Single-Cycle Optical Pulse," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94,03390414 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yin, G.Y.

M.Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D.D. Yavuz, G.Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Generation of a Single-Cycle Optical Pulse," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94,03390414 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yoshikawa, S.

S. Yoshikawa and T. Imasaka, "A new approach for the generation of ultrashort optical pulses," Opt. Commun. 96, 94-98 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Zaitsu, S.

H. Otsuka, S. Zaitsu, T. Uchimura, and T. Imasaka, "Generation of an ultrashort optical pulse by four-wave Raman mixing in deuterium cooled at 77K," Appl. Phys. B 78, 745-751 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zeek, Z.

Zhang, Z.

Zhavoronkov, N.

N. Zhavoronkov and G. Korn, "Generation of Single Intense Short Optical Pulses by Ultrafast Molecular Phase Modulation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 20390114 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B

P. Baum, S. Lochbrunner, and E. Riedle, "Generation of tunable 7-fs ultraviolet pulses: achromatic phase matching and chirp management," Appl. Phys. B 79, 1027-1032 (2004).
[CrossRef]

T. Imasaka, S. Kawasaki and N. Ishibashi, "Generation of More Than 40 Laser Emission Lines from the Ultraviolet to the Visible Regions by Two-Color Stimulated Raman Effect," Appl. Phys. B 49, 389 (1989).
[CrossRef]

H. Kawano, Y. Hirakawa, and T. Imasaka, "Generation of more than 40 rotational Raman lines by picosecond and femtosecond Ti:sapphire laser for Fourier synthesis," Appl. Phys. B 65, 1-4 (1997).
[CrossRef]

M. Wittmann, A. Nazarkin, G. Korn, "New regime of fs-pulse stimulated Raman scattering," Appl. Phys. B 70, 261-267 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Otsuka, S. Zaitsu, T. Uchimura, and T. Imasaka, "Generation of an ultrashort optical pulse by four-wave Raman mixing in deuterium cooled at 77K," Appl. Phys. B 78, 745-751 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys.

Y. X. Yan, E. B. Camble, and K. Nelson, "Impulsive stimulated scattering: General importance in femtosecond laser pulse interactions with matter, and spectroscopic applications," J. Chem. Phys. 83, 5391-5399 (1985).
[CrossRef]

J. Quan, Electron.

D. Kane and R. Trebino, "Characterization of arbitrary femtosecond pulses using frequency-resolved optical gating," IEEE, J. Quan, Electron. 29, 571 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun.

S. Yoshikawa and T. Imasaka, "A new approach for the generation of ultrashort optical pulses," Opt. Commun. 96, 94-98 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev.

J. Giordmaine and W. Kaiser, "Light Scattering by Coherently Driven Lattice Vibrations," Phys. Rev. 144, 676 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A

R. L. Carman, F. Shimizu, C. S. Wang, and N. Bloembergen, "Theory of Stokes Pulse Shapes in Transient Stimulated Raman Scattering," Phys. Rev. A 2, 60 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

D. Linde, A. Laubereau, and W. Kaiser, "Molecular Vibrations in Liquids: Direct measurement of the Dephasing time; Determination of the Shape of Picosecond Light Pulses," Phys. Rev. Lett. 26, 954-957 (1971).
[CrossRef]

M.Y. Shverdin, D. R. Walker, D.D. Yavuz, G.Y. Yin, and S. E. Harris, "Generation of a Single-Cycle Optical Pulse," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94,03390414 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Zhavoronkov and G. Korn, "Generation of Single Intense Short Optical Pulses by Ultrafast Molecular Phase Modulation," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 20390114 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys.

A. Laubereau and W. Kaiser, "Vibrational dynamics of liquids and solids investigated by picosecond light pulses," Rev. Mod. Phys. 50, 607-665 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Other

R. A. Bartels, T. C. Weinacht, N. Wagner, M. Baertschy, C. H. Greene, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn, "Phase Modulation of Ultrashort Light Pulses using Molecular Rotational Wave Packets," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 01390314 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup with optical delay lines; KDP, SHG crystal; TL, telescope; CF, color glass filter; λ/2, half-wave plate

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Spectra of the output probe pulse measured at different pulse energies for the input probe (a) and pump (b) pulses. The energies of the probe (a) and pump (b) pulses are specified in the figures. Arrows indicate the generated rotational Raman lines.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Modified experimental setup without optical delay lines

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Spectra of the rotational Raman emission obtained at different pulse energies for the fundamental input beam and energies for the probe input beam specified in the figures.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

FROG analysis of the probe pulse. (a) FROG trace measured using SD-FROG. (b) measured (dashed blue line) and retrieved (solid red line, hatched) spectra; the retrieved spectral phase is shown as a dotted green line. (c) temporal profile obtained by inverse Fourier transformation of the spectrum shown in (b); (d) temporal profile retrieved from the SD-FROG trace. In (a), two types of frequency chirps are observed; an arrow with a dashed line denotes the phase distortion among the sidebands, while an arrow with a dotted line denotes the phase distortion in each sideband.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

The variation of the vibrational emission efficiency with the input pulse widths; the pulse width of input pump pulse is shown in figures. Arrows indicate the vibrational emission lines; F, S1, S2, and AS1 shows the fundamental (392 nm), first vibrational Stokes, second vibrational Stokes, and first vibrational anti-Stokes emissions, respectively.

Equations (4)

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Δ E 1 c 2 2 t 2 ( n 2 E ) = 4 π c 2 2 t 2 P NL ,
q = i 2 Q ( r , t ) exp ( i k v · r i ω v t ) + c . c ,
P NL = N ( α q ) 0 q E probe ,
I A , S ( t D ) = π ω A , S 4 2 c 3 k A , S 2 n A , S l 2 1 + ( 2 Δ k A , S l ) 2 N 2 ( α q ) 2 dt Q ( t′ ) 2 E probe ( t′ t D ) 2 ,

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