Abstract

We report the experimental realization of a tunable optical delay by exploiting unique incoherent nonlinear optical processes in semiconductors. The tunable optical delay takes advantage of the strong Coulomb interactions between excitons and free carriers and uses optical injection of free carriers to broaden and bleach an exciton absorption resonance. Fractional delay exceeding 200% has been obtained for an 8 ps optical pulse propagating near the heavy-hole excitonic transition in a GaAs quantum well structure. Tunable optical delay based on optical injection of free carriers avoids strong absorption of the pump beam and is also robust against variations in the frequency of the pump beam.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, "Light speed reduction to 17 metres per second in an ultracold atomic gas," Nature 397, 594-598 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, "Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinear optical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229-5232 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  3. L. J. Wang, A. Kuzmich, and A. Dogariu, "Gain-assisted superluminal light propagation," Nature 406, 277-279 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  4. M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, "Superluminal and slow light propagation in a room-temperature solid," Science 301, 200-202 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. M. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd and A. L. Gaeta, "Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. J. E. Sharping, Y. Okawachi and A. L. Gaeta, "Wide bandwidth slow light using a Raman fiber amplifier," Opt. Express 13, 6092-6098 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. K. Y.  Song, M. G.  Herraez, and L.  Thevenaz "Observation of pulse delaying and advancement in optical fibers using stimulated Brillouin scattering," Opt. Express  13, 82-88 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. D. Dahan and G. Eisenstein, "Tunable all optical delay via slow and fast light propagation in a Raman assisted fiber optical parametric amplifier: a route to all optical buffering," Opt. Express 13, 6234-6249 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  9. J. Sharping, Y. Okawachi, J. van Howe, C. Xu, Y. Wang, A. Willner, and A. Gaeta, "All-optical, wavelength and bandwidth preserving, pulse delay based on parametric wavelength conversion and dispersion," Opt. Express 13, 7872-7877 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. P. C. Ku, F. Sedgwick, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, P. Palinginis, T. Li, H. Wang, S. W. Chang, and S. L. Chuang, "Slow light in semiconductor quantum wells," Opt. Lett. 29, 2291 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  11. P. Palinginis, S. Crankshaw, F. Sedgwick, E. Kim, M. Moewe, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, H. Wang, and S. L. Chuang, "Ultraslow light (< 200 m/s) propagation in a semiconductor nanostructure," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 111702 (2005).
  12. P. Palinginis, F. Sedgwick, S. Crankshaw, M. Moewe, and C. Chang-Hasnain, "Room temperature slow light in a quantum-well waveguide via coherent population oscillation," Opt. Express 13, 9909-9915 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  13. X. Zhao, P. Palinginis, B. Pesala, C. Chang-Hasnain, and P. Hemmer, "Tunable ultraslow light in vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser amplifier," Opt. Express 13, 7899-7904 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  14. H. Su and S. Chuang, "Room-temperature slow light with semiconductor quantum-dot devices," Opt. Lett. 31, 271-273 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
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  16. G. W. Fehrenbach, W. Schäfer, J. Treusch, and R. G. Ulbrich, "Transient optical spectra of a dense exciton gas in a direct-gap Semiconductor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 49, 1281-1284 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  17. H. Wang, K. B. Ferrio, D. G. Steel, Y. Z. Hu, R. Binder, and S. W. Koch, "Transient nonlinear optical response from excitation induced dephasing in GaAs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1261-1264 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  18. A. Honold, L. Schultheis, J. Kuhl, and C. W. Tu, "Collision broadening of two-dimensional excitons in a GaAs single quantum well,"Phys. Rev. B 40, 6442-6445 (1989).
    [CrossRef]
  19. D. A. Miller, D. S. Chemla, T. C. Damen, A. C. Gossard, W. Wiegmann, T. H. Wood, and C. A. Burrus, "Electric field dependence of optical absorption near the band gap of quantum-well structures,"Phys. Rev. B 32, 1043-1060 (1985).
    [CrossRef]
  20. S. Chu and S. Wong, "Linear pulse propagation in an absorbing medium," Phys. Rev. Lett. 489, 738-741 (1982).

2006

2005

P. Palinginis, S. Crankshaw, F. Sedgwick, E. Kim, M. Moewe, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, H. Wang, and S. L. Chuang, "Ultraslow light (< 200 m/s) propagation in a semiconductor nanostructure," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 111702 (2005).

P. Palinginis, F. Sedgwick, S. Crankshaw, M. Moewe, and C. Chang-Hasnain, "Room temperature slow light in a quantum-well waveguide via coherent population oscillation," Opt. Express 13, 9909-9915 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. Zhao, P. Palinginis, B. Pesala, C. Chang-Hasnain, and P. Hemmer, "Tunable ultraslow light in vertical-cavity surface-emitting laser amplifier," Opt. Express 13, 7899-7904 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. M. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd and A. L. Gaeta, "Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Sharping, Y. Okawachi and A. L. Gaeta, "Wide bandwidth slow light using a Raman fiber amplifier," Opt. Express 13, 6092-6098 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Y.  Song, M. G.  Herraez, and L.  Thevenaz "Observation of pulse delaying and advancement in optical fibers using stimulated Brillouin scattering," Opt. Express  13, 82-88 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Dahan and G. Eisenstein, "Tunable all optical delay via slow and fast light propagation in a Raman assisted fiber optical parametric amplifier: a route to all optical buffering," Opt. Express 13, 6234-6249 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Sharping, Y. Okawachi, J. van Howe, C. Xu, Y. Wang, A. Willner, and A. Gaeta, "All-optical, wavelength and bandwidth preserving, pulse delay based on parametric wavelength conversion and dispersion," Opt. Express 13, 7872-7877 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

2003

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, "Superluminal and slow light propagation in a room-temperature solid," Science 301, 200-202 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2000

L. J. Wang, A. Kuzmich, and A. Dogariu, "Gain-assisted superluminal light propagation," Nature 406, 277-279 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, "Light speed reduction to 17 metres per second in an ultracold atomic gas," Nature 397, 594-598 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, "Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinear optical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229-5232 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1993

H. Wang, K. B. Ferrio, D. G. Steel, Y. Z. Hu, R. Binder, and S. W. Koch, "Transient nonlinear optical response from excitation induced dephasing in GaAs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1261-1264 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1989

A. Honold, L. Schultheis, J. Kuhl, and C. W. Tu, "Collision broadening of two-dimensional excitons in a GaAs single quantum well,"Phys. Rev. B 40, 6442-6445 (1989).
[CrossRef]

1985

D. A. Miller, D. S. Chemla, T. C. Damen, A. C. Gossard, W. Wiegmann, T. H. Wood, and C. A. Burrus, "Electric field dependence of optical absorption near the band gap of quantum-well structures,"Phys. Rev. B 32, 1043-1060 (1985).
[CrossRef]

1982

S. Chu and S. Wong, "Linear pulse propagation in an absorbing medium," Phys. Rev. Lett. 489, 738-741 (1982).

G. W. Fehrenbach, W. Schäfer, J. Treusch, and R. G. Ulbrich, "Transient optical spectra of a dense exciton gas in a direct-gap Semiconductor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 49, 1281-1284 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Behroozi, C. H.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, "Light speed reduction to 17 metres per second in an ultracold atomic gas," Nature 397, 594-598 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bigelow, M. S.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. M. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd and A. L. Gaeta, "Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, "Superluminal and slow light propagation in a room-temperature solid," Science 301, 200-202 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Binder, R.

H. Wang, K. B. Ferrio, D. G. Steel, Y. Z. Hu, R. Binder, and S. W. Koch, "Transient nonlinear optical response from excitation induced dephasing in GaAs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1261-1264 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Boyd, R. W.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. M. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd and A. L. Gaeta, "Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, "Superluminal and slow light propagation in a room-temperature solid," Science 301, 200-202 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Burrus, C. A.

D. A. Miller, D. S. Chemla, T. C. Damen, A. C. Gossard, W. Wiegmann, T. H. Wood, and C. A. Burrus, "Electric field dependence of optical absorption near the band gap of quantum-well structures,"Phys. Rev. B 32, 1043-1060 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Chang, S. W.

Chang-Hasnain, C.

Chang-Hasnain, C. J.

P. Palinginis, S. Crankshaw, F. Sedgwick, E. Kim, M. Moewe, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, H. Wang, and S. L. Chuang, "Ultraslow light (< 200 m/s) propagation in a semiconductor nanostructure," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 111702 (2005).

P. C. Ku, F. Sedgwick, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, P. Palinginis, T. Li, H. Wang, S. W. Chang, and S. L. Chuang, "Slow light in semiconductor quantum wells," Opt. Lett. 29, 2291 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chemla, D. S.

D. A. Miller, D. S. Chemla, T. C. Damen, A. C. Gossard, W. Wiegmann, T. H. Wood, and C. A. Burrus, "Electric field dependence of optical absorption near the band gap of quantum-well structures,"Phys. Rev. B 32, 1043-1060 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Chu, S.

S. Chu and S. Wong, "Linear pulse propagation in an absorbing medium," Phys. Rev. Lett. 489, 738-741 (1982).

Chuang, S.

Chuang, S. L.

P. Palinginis, S. Crankshaw, F. Sedgwick, E. Kim, M. Moewe, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, H. Wang, and S. L. Chuang, "Ultraslow light (< 200 m/s) propagation in a semiconductor nanostructure," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 111702 (2005).

P. C. Ku, F. Sedgwick, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, P. Palinginis, T. Li, H. Wang, S. W. Chang, and S. L. Chuang, "Slow light in semiconductor quantum wells," Opt. Lett. 29, 2291 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Crankshaw, S.

P. Palinginis, S. Crankshaw, F. Sedgwick, E. Kim, M. Moewe, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, H. Wang, and S. L. Chuang, "Ultraslow light (< 200 m/s) propagation in a semiconductor nanostructure," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 111702 (2005).

P. Palinginis, F. Sedgwick, S. Crankshaw, M. Moewe, and C. Chang-Hasnain, "Room temperature slow light in a quantum-well waveguide via coherent population oscillation," Opt. Express 13, 9909-9915 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Dahan, D.

Damen, T. C.

D. A. Miller, D. S. Chemla, T. C. Damen, A. C. Gossard, W. Wiegmann, T. H. Wood, and C. A. Burrus, "Electric field dependence of optical absorption near the band gap of quantum-well structures,"Phys. Rev. B 32, 1043-1060 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Dogariu, A.

L. J. Wang, A. Kuzmich, and A. Dogariu, "Gain-assisted superluminal light propagation," Nature 406, 277-279 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Dutton, Z.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, "Light speed reduction to 17 metres per second in an ultracold atomic gas," Nature 397, 594-598 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Eisenstein, G.

Fehrenbach, G. W.

G. W. Fehrenbach, W. Schäfer, J. Treusch, and R. G. Ulbrich, "Transient optical spectra of a dense exciton gas in a direct-gap Semiconductor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 49, 1281-1284 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Ferrio, K. B.

H. Wang, K. B. Ferrio, D. G. Steel, Y. Z. Hu, R. Binder, and S. W. Koch, "Transient nonlinear optical response from excitation induced dephasing in GaAs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1261-1264 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Fry, E. S.

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, "Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinear optical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229-5232 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gaeta, A.

Gaeta, A. L.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. M. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd and A. L. Gaeta, "Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Sharping, Y. Okawachi and A. L. Gaeta, "Wide bandwidth slow light using a Raman fiber amplifier," Opt. Express 13, 6092-6098 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gauthier, D. J.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. M. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd and A. L. Gaeta, "Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gossard, A. C.

D. A. Miller, D. S. Chemla, T. C. Damen, A. C. Gossard, W. Wiegmann, T. H. Wood, and C. A. Burrus, "Electric field dependence of optical absorption near the band gap of quantum-well structures,"Phys. Rev. B 32, 1043-1060 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Harris, S. E.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, "Light speed reduction to 17 metres per second in an ultracold atomic gas," Nature 397, 594-598 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hau, L. V.

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, "Light speed reduction to 17 metres per second in an ultracold atomic gas," Nature 397, 594-598 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hemmer, P.

Herraez, M. G.

Hollberg, L.

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, "Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinear optical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229-5232 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Honold, A.

A. Honold, L. Schultheis, J. Kuhl, and C. W. Tu, "Collision broadening of two-dimensional excitons in a GaAs single quantum well,"Phys. Rev. B 40, 6442-6445 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Hu, Y. Z.

H. Wang, K. B. Ferrio, D. G. Steel, Y. Z. Hu, R. Binder, and S. W. Koch, "Transient nonlinear optical response from excitation induced dephasing in GaAs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1261-1264 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kash, M. M.

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, "Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinear optical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229-5232 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kim, E.

P. Palinginis, S. Crankshaw, F. Sedgwick, E. Kim, M. Moewe, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, H. Wang, and S. L. Chuang, "Ultraslow light (< 200 m/s) propagation in a semiconductor nanostructure," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 111702 (2005).

Koch, S. W.

H. Wang, K. B. Ferrio, D. G. Steel, Y. Z. Hu, R. Binder, and S. W. Koch, "Transient nonlinear optical response from excitation induced dephasing in GaAs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1261-1264 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Ku, P. C.

Kuhl, J.

A. Honold, L. Schultheis, J. Kuhl, and C. W. Tu, "Collision broadening of two-dimensional excitons in a GaAs single quantum well,"Phys. Rev. B 40, 6442-6445 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Kuzmich, A.

L. J. Wang, A. Kuzmich, and A. Dogariu, "Gain-assisted superluminal light propagation," Nature 406, 277-279 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lepeshkin, N. N.

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, "Superluminal and slow light propagation in a room-temperature solid," Science 301, 200-202 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Li, T.

Lukin, M. D.

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, "Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinear optical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229-5232 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Miller, D. A.

D. A. Miller, D. S. Chemla, T. C. Damen, A. C. Gossard, W. Wiegmann, T. H. Wood, and C. A. Burrus, "Electric field dependence of optical absorption near the band gap of quantum-well structures,"Phys. Rev. B 32, 1043-1060 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Moewe, M.

P. Palinginis, F. Sedgwick, S. Crankshaw, M. Moewe, and C. Chang-Hasnain, "Room temperature slow light in a quantum-well waveguide via coherent population oscillation," Opt. Express 13, 9909-9915 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. Palinginis, S. Crankshaw, F. Sedgwick, E. Kim, M. Moewe, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, H. Wang, and S. L. Chuang, "Ultraslow light (< 200 m/s) propagation in a semiconductor nanostructure," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 111702 (2005).

Okawachi, Y.

Palinginis, P.

Pesala, B.

Rostovtsev, Y.

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, "Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinear optical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229-5232 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sautenkov, V. A.

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, "Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinear optical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229-5232 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Schäfer, W.

G. W. Fehrenbach, W. Schäfer, J. Treusch, and R. G. Ulbrich, "Transient optical spectra of a dense exciton gas in a direct-gap Semiconductor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 49, 1281-1284 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Schultheis, L.

A. Honold, L. Schultheis, J. Kuhl, and C. W. Tu, "Collision broadening of two-dimensional excitons in a GaAs single quantum well,"Phys. Rev. B 40, 6442-6445 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Schweinsberg, A.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. M. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd and A. L. Gaeta, "Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Scully, M. O.

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, "Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinear optical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229-5232 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sedgwick, F.

Sharping, J.

Sharping, J. E.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. M. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd and A. L. Gaeta, "Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Sharping, Y. Okawachi and A. L. Gaeta, "Wide bandwidth slow light using a Raman fiber amplifier," Opt. Express 13, 6092-6098 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Song, K. Y.

Steel, D. G.

H. Wang, K. B. Ferrio, D. G. Steel, Y. Z. Hu, R. Binder, and S. W. Koch, "Transient nonlinear optical response from excitation induced dephasing in GaAs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1261-1264 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Su, H.

Thevenaz, L.

Treusch, J.

G. W. Fehrenbach, W. Schäfer, J. Treusch, and R. G. Ulbrich, "Transient optical spectra of a dense exciton gas in a direct-gap Semiconductor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 49, 1281-1284 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Tu, C. W.

A. Honold, L. Schultheis, J. Kuhl, and C. W. Tu, "Collision broadening of two-dimensional excitons in a GaAs single quantum well,"Phys. Rev. B 40, 6442-6445 (1989).
[CrossRef]

Ulbrich, R. G.

G. W. Fehrenbach, W. Schäfer, J. Treusch, and R. G. Ulbrich, "Transient optical spectra of a dense exciton gas in a direct-gap Semiconductor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 49, 1281-1284 (1982).
[CrossRef]

van Howe, J.

Wang, H.

P. Palinginis, S. Crankshaw, F. Sedgwick, E. Kim, M. Moewe, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, H. Wang, and S. L. Chuang, "Ultraslow light (< 200 m/s) propagation in a semiconductor nanostructure," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 111702 (2005).

P. C. Ku, F. Sedgwick, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, P. Palinginis, T. Li, H. Wang, S. W. Chang, and S. L. Chuang, "Slow light in semiconductor quantum wells," Opt. Lett. 29, 2291 (2004).
[CrossRef]

H. Wang, K. B. Ferrio, D. G. Steel, Y. Z. Hu, R. Binder, and S. W. Koch, "Transient nonlinear optical response from excitation induced dephasing in GaAs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1261-1264 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L. J.

L. J. Wang, A. Kuzmich, and A. Dogariu, "Gain-assisted superluminal light propagation," Nature 406, 277-279 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

Welch, G. R.

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, "Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinear optical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229-5232 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wiegmann, W.

D. A. Miller, D. S. Chemla, T. C. Damen, A. C. Gossard, W. Wiegmann, T. H. Wood, and C. A. Burrus, "Electric field dependence of optical absorption near the band gap of quantum-well structures,"Phys. Rev. B 32, 1043-1060 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Willner, A.

Wong, S.

S. Chu and S. Wong, "Linear pulse propagation in an absorbing medium," Phys. Rev. Lett. 489, 738-741 (1982).

Wood, T. H.

D. A. Miller, D. S. Chemla, T. C. Damen, A. C. Gossard, W. Wiegmann, T. H. Wood, and C. A. Burrus, "Electric field dependence of optical absorption near the band gap of quantum-well structures,"Phys. Rev. B 32, 1043-1060 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Xu, C.

Zhao, X.

Zhu, Z. M.

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. M. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd and A. L. Gaeta, "Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zibrov, A. S.

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, "Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinear optical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229-5232 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett.

P. Palinginis, S. Crankshaw, F. Sedgwick, E. Kim, M. Moewe, C. J. Chang-Hasnain, H. Wang, and S. L. Chuang, "Ultraslow light (< 200 m/s) propagation in a semiconductor nanostructure," Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 111702 (2005).

Nature

L. V. Hau, S. E. Harris, Z. Dutton, and C. H. Behroozi, "Light speed reduction to 17 metres per second in an ultracold atomic gas," Nature 397, 594-598 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. J. Wang, A. Kuzmich, and A. Dogariu, "Gain-assisted superluminal light propagation," Nature 406, 277-279 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Phys. Rev. B

A. Honold, L. Schultheis, J. Kuhl, and C. W. Tu, "Collision broadening of two-dimensional excitons in a GaAs single quantum well,"Phys. Rev. B 40, 6442-6445 (1989).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Miller, D. S. Chemla, T. C. Damen, A. C. Gossard, W. Wiegmann, T. H. Wood, and C. A. Burrus, "Electric field dependence of optical absorption near the band gap of quantum-well structures,"Phys. Rev. B 32, 1043-1060 (1985).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

S. Chu and S. Wong, "Linear pulse propagation in an absorbing medium," Phys. Rev. Lett. 489, 738-741 (1982).

Y. Okawachi, M. S. Bigelow, J. E. Sharping, Z. M. Zhu, A. Schweinsberg, D. J. Gauthier, R. W. Boyd and A. L. Gaeta, "Tunable all-optical delays via Brillouin slow light in an optical fiber," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 153902 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Kash, V. A. Sautenkov, A. S. Zibrov, L. Hollberg, G. R. Welch, M. D. Lukin, Y. Rostovtsev, E. S. Fry, and M. O. Scully, "Ultraslow group velocity and enhanced nonlinear optical effects in a coherently driven hot atomic gas," Phys. Rev. Lett. 82, 5229-5232 (1999).
[CrossRef]

G. W. Fehrenbach, W. Schäfer, J. Treusch, and R. G. Ulbrich, "Transient optical spectra of a dense exciton gas in a direct-gap Semiconductor," Phys. Rev. Lett. 49, 1281-1284 (1982).
[CrossRef]

H. Wang, K. B. Ferrio, D. G. Steel, Y. Z. Hu, R. Binder, and S. W. Koch, "Transient nonlinear optical response from excitation induced dephasing in GaAs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 71, 1261-1264 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Science

M. S. Bigelow, N. N. Lepeshkin, and R. W. Boyd, "Superluminal and slow light propagation in a room-temperature solid," Science 301, 200-202 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other

H. Haug and S.W. Koch, Quantum theory of the optical and electrical properties of semiconductors, (Word Scientific, Singapore, 1993).

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