Abstract

We present a source of noncollinear correlated photon pairs in the standard 1550 nm telecommunication band. They are generated by a spontaneous parametric down-conversion process and emitted in a cone because of type-I noncollinear phase matching. Within the band, the source gives a completely flexible choice of the frequencies of the photon pairs, and correlation properties related to spatial momentum as well as energy and time can easily be utilized. We characterize the source by measuring the spatial intensity distribution of the down-converted light and by performing coincidence counting.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. Bouwmeester, A. Ekert, and A. Zeilinger, eds., The Physics of Quantum Information (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2000).
  2. N. Gisin, G. Ribordy,W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, "Quantum Cryptography," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74,145-195 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  3. I. Marcikic, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, V. Scarani, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Time-bin entangled qubits for quantum communication created by femtosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. A 66,062308 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  4. I. Marcikic, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Long-distance teleportation of qubits at telecommunication wavelengths," Nature 421,509-513 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. S. Tanzilli, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, "Highly efficient photon-pair source using periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide," Electron. Lett. 37,26-28 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. Yoshizawa, R. Kaji, and H. Tsuchida, "Generation of polarization-entangled photon pairs at 1550nm using two PPLN waveguides," Electron. Lett. 39,621-622 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  7. H. Takesue, K. Inoue, O. Tadanaga, Y. Nishida, and M. Asobe, "Generation of pulsed polarization-entangled photon pairs in a 1.55- μm band with a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide and an orthogonal polarization delay circuit," Opt. Lett. 30,293-295 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. G. Bonfrate, V. Pruneri, P. G. Kazansky, P. Tapster, and J. G. Rarity, "Parametric fluorescence in periodically poled silica fibers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75,2356-2358 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Fiorentino, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, "All-fiber photon-pair source for quantum communications," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14,983-985 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  10. X. Li, J. Chen, P. Voss, J. Sharping, and P. Kumar, "All-fiber photon-pair source for quantum communications: Improved generation of correlated photons," Opt. Express 12,3737-3744 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-16-3737.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, "Optical-fiber source of polarization-entangled photons in the 1550 nm telecom band," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94,053601 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  12. H. Takesue and K. Inoue, "Generation of polarization-entangled photon pairs and violation of Bell’s inequality using spontaneous four-wave mixing in a fiber loop," Phys. Rev. A 70,031802 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  13. D. C. Burnham and D. L. Weinberg, "Observation of simultaneity in parametric production of optical photon pairs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 25,84-87 (1970).
    [CrossRef]
  14. P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, "New high-intensity source of polarization-entangled photon pairs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337-4341 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  15. T.-G. Noh and C. K. Hong, "Manifestation of complementarity in double-slit interference," J. Korean Phys. Soc. 33,383-387 (1998).
  16. J. G. Rarity and P. R. Tapster, "Experimental violation of Bells inequality based on phase and momentum," Phys. Rev. Lett. 64,2495-2498 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  17. M. A. Horne, A. Shimony, and A. Zeilinger, "Two-particle interferometry," Phys. Rev. Lett. 62,2209-2212 (1989).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, "Entanglement of the orbital angular momentum states of photons," Nature 412,313-316 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  19. A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, "Experimental two-photon, three-dimensional entanglement for quantum communication," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89,240401 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. A. R. Altman, K. G. Köprülü, E. Corndorf, P. Kumar, and G. A. Barbosa, "Quantum imaging of nonlocal spatial correlations induced by orbital angular momentum," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94,123601 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  21. A. L. Migdall, D. Branning, and S. Castelletto, "Tailoring single-photon and multiphoton probabilities of a singlephoton on-demand source," Phys. Rev. A 66,053805 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  22. C. Kurtsiefer, M. Oberparleiter, and H. Weinfurter, "High-efficiency entangled photon pair collection in type-II parametric fluorescence," Phys. Rev. A 64,023802 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  23. F. A. Bovino, P. Varisco, A. M. Colla, G. Castagnoli, G. D. Giuseppe, and A. V. Sergienko, "Effective fibercoupling of entangled photons for quantum communication," Opt. Commun. 227,343-348 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  24. T. B. Pittmann, B. C. Jacobs, and J. D. Franson, "Heralding single photons from pulsed parametric downconversion," Opt. Commun. 246,545-550 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  25. S. Castelletto, I. P. Degiovanni, V. Schettini, and A. Migdall, "Spatial and spectral mode selection of heralded single photons from pulsed parametric down-conversion," Opt. Express 13, 6709-6722 (2005), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-18-6709.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. We consider only the Gaussian spread of the down-converted light, because in this noncollinear type-I SPDC it is significantly larger than the extra divergence caused by the SPDC phase-matching conditions over the wavelength range of interest.

2005 (5)

X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, "Optical-fiber source of polarization-entangled photons in the 1550 nm telecom band," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94,053601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. R. Altman, K. G. Köprülü, E. Corndorf, P. Kumar, and G. A. Barbosa, "Quantum imaging of nonlocal spatial correlations induced by orbital angular momentum," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94,123601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T. B. Pittmann, B. C. Jacobs, and J. D. Franson, "Heralding single photons from pulsed parametric downconversion," Opt. Commun. 246,545-550 (2005).
[CrossRef]

H. Takesue, K. Inoue, O. Tadanaga, Y. Nishida, and M. Asobe, "Generation of pulsed polarization-entangled photon pairs in a 1.55- μm band with a periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide and an orthogonal polarization delay circuit," Opt. Lett. 30,293-295 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Castelletto, I. P. Degiovanni, V. Schettini, and A. Migdall, "Spatial and spectral mode selection of heralded single photons from pulsed parametric down-conversion," Opt. Express 13, 6709-6722 (2005), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-18-6709.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

X. Li, J. Chen, P. Voss, J. Sharping, and P. Kumar, "All-fiber photon-pair source for quantum communications: Improved generation of correlated photons," Opt. Express 12,3737-3744 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-16-3737.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Takesue and K. Inoue, "Generation of polarization-entangled photon pairs and violation of Bell’s inequality using spontaneous four-wave mixing in a fiber loop," Phys. Rev. A 70,031802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (3)

F. A. Bovino, P. Varisco, A. M. Colla, G. Castagnoli, G. D. Giuseppe, and A. V. Sergienko, "Effective fibercoupling of entangled photons for quantum communication," Opt. Commun. 227,343-348 (2003).
[CrossRef]

I. Marcikic, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Long-distance teleportation of qubits at telecommunication wavelengths," Nature 421,509-513 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Yoshizawa, R. Kaji, and H. Tsuchida, "Generation of polarization-entangled photon pairs at 1550nm using two PPLN waveguides," Electron. Lett. 39,621-622 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (5)

A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, "Experimental two-photon, three-dimensional entanglement for quantum communication," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89,240401 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy,W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, "Quantum Cryptography," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74,145-195 (2002).
[CrossRef]

I. Marcikic, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, V. Scarani, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Time-bin entangled qubits for quantum communication created by femtosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. A 66,062308 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. L. Migdall, D. Branning, and S. Castelletto, "Tailoring single-photon and multiphoton probabilities of a singlephoton on-demand source," Phys. Rev. A 66,053805 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Fiorentino, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, "All-fiber photon-pair source for quantum communications," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14,983-985 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (3)

C. Kurtsiefer, M. Oberparleiter, and H. Weinfurter, "High-efficiency entangled photon pair collection in type-II parametric fluorescence," Phys. Rev. A 64,023802 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, "Entanglement of the orbital angular momentum states of photons," Nature 412,313-316 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Tanzilli, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, "Highly efficient photon-pair source using periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide," Electron. Lett. 37,26-28 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

G. Bonfrate, V. Pruneri, P. G. Kazansky, P. Tapster, and J. G. Rarity, "Parametric fluorescence in periodically poled silica fibers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75,2356-2358 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

T.-G. Noh and C. K. Hong, "Manifestation of complementarity in double-slit interference," J. Korean Phys. Soc. 33,383-387 (1998).

1995 (1)

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, "New high-intensity source of polarization-entangled photon pairs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337-4341 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990 (1)

J. G. Rarity and P. R. Tapster, "Experimental violation of Bells inequality based on phase and momentum," Phys. Rev. Lett. 64,2495-2498 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1989 (1)

M. A. Horne, A. Shimony, and A. Zeilinger, "Two-particle interferometry," Phys. Rev. Lett. 62,2209-2212 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1970 (1)

D. C. Burnham and D. L. Weinberg, "Observation of simultaneity in parametric production of optical photon pairs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 25,84-87 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Altman, A. R.

A. R. Altman, K. G. Köprülü, E. Corndorf, P. Kumar, and G. A. Barbosa, "Quantum imaging of nonlocal spatial correlations induced by orbital angular momentum," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94,123601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Asobe, M.

Baldi, P.

S. Tanzilli, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, "Highly efficient photon-pair source using periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide," Electron. Lett. 37,26-28 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Barbosa, G. A.

A. R. Altman, K. G. Köprülü, E. Corndorf, P. Kumar, and G. A. Barbosa, "Quantum imaging of nonlocal spatial correlations induced by orbital angular momentum," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94,123601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bonfrate, G.

G. Bonfrate, V. Pruneri, P. G. Kazansky, P. Tapster, and J. G. Rarity, "Parametric fluorescence in periodically poled silica fibers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75,2356-2358 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bovino, F. A.

F. A. Bovino, P. Varisco, A. M. Colla, G. Castagnoli, G. D. Giuseppe, and A. V. Sergienko, "Effective fibercoupling of entangled photons for quantum communication," Opt. Commun. 227,343-348 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Branning, D.

A. L. Migdall, D. Branning, and S. Castelletto, "Tailoring single-photon and multiphoton probabilities of a singlephoton on-demand source," Phys. Rev. A 66,053805 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Burnham, D. C.

D. C. Burnham and D. L. Weinberg, "Observation of simultaneity in parametric production of optical photon pairs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 25,84-87 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Castagnoli, G.

F. A. Bovino, P. Varisco, A. M. Colla, G. Castagnoli, G. D. Giuseppe, and A. V. Sergienko, "Effective fibercoupling of entangled photons for quantum communication," Opt. Commun. 227,343-348 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Castelletto, S.

Chen, J.

Colla, A. M.

F. A. Bovino, P. Varisco, A. M. Colla, G. Castagnoli, G. D. Giuseppe, and A. V. Sergienko, "Effective fibercoupling of entangled photons for quantum communication," Opt. Commun. 227,343-348 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Corndorf, E.

A. R. Altman, K. G. Köprülü, E. Corndorf, P. Kumar, and G. A. Barbosa, "Quantum imaging of nonlocal spatial correlations induced by orbital angular momentum," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94,123601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

De Micheli, M.

S. Tanzilli, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, "Highly efficient photon-pair source using periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide," Electron. Lett. 37,26-28 (2001).
[CrossRef]

de Riedmatten, H.

I. Marcikic, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Long-distance teleportation of qubits at telecommunication wavelengths," Nature 421,509-513 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Marcikic, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, V. Scarani, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Time-bin entangled qubits for quantum communication created by femtosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. A 66,062308 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Tanzilli, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, "Highly efficient photon-pair source using periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide," Electron. Lett. 37,26-28 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Degiovanni, I. P.

Fiorentino, M.

M. Fiorentino, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, "All-fiber photon-pair source for quantum communications," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14,983-985 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Franson, J. D.

T. B. Pittmann, B. C. Jacobs, and J. D. Franson, "Heralding single photons from pulsed parametric downconversion," Opt. Commun. 246,545-550 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gisin, N.

I. Marcikic, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Long-distance teleportation of qubits at telecommunication wavelengths," Nature 421,509-513 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy,W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, "Quantum Cryptography," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74,145-195 (2002).
[CrossRef]

I. Marcikic, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, V. Scarani, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Time-bin entangled qubits for quantum communication created by femtosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. A 66,062308 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Tanzilli, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, "Highly efficient photon-pair source using periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide," Electron. Lett. 37,26-28 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Giuseppe, G. D.

F. A. Bovino, P. Varisco, A. M. Colla, G. Castagnoli, G. D. Giuseppe, and A. V. Sergienko, "Effective fibercoupling of entangled photons for quantum communication," Opt. Commun. 227,343-348 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hong, C. K.

T.-G. Noh and C. K. Hong, "Manifestation of complementarity in double-slit interference," J. Korean Phys. Soc. 33,383-387 (1998).

Horne, M. A.

M. A. Horne, A. Shimony, and A. Zeilinger, "Two-particle interferometry," Phys. Rev. Lett. 62,2209-2212 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Inoue, K.

Jacobs, B. C.

T. B. Pittmann, B. C. Jacobs, and J. D. Franson, "Heralding single photons from pulsed parametric downconversion," Opt. Commun. 246,545-550 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kaji, R.

A. Yoshizawa, R. Kaji, and H. Tsuchida, "Generation of polarization-entangled photon pairs at 1550nm using two PPLN waveguides," Electron. Lett. 39,621-622 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kazansky, P. G.

G. Bonfrate, V. Pruneri, P. G. Kazansky, P. Tapster, and J. G. Rarity, "Parametric fluorescence in periodically poled silica fibers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75,2356-2358 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Köprülü, K. G.

A. R. Altman, K. G. Köprülü, E. Corndorf, P. Kumar, and G. A. Barbosa, "Quantum imaging of nonlocal spatial correlations induced by orbital angular momentum," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94,123601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kumar, P.

A. R. Altman, K. G. Köprülü, E. Corndorf, P. Kumar, and G. A. Barbosa, "Quantum imaging of nonlocal spatial correlations induced by orbital angular momentum," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94,123601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, "Optical-fiber source of polarization-entangled photons in the 1550 nm telecom band," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94,053601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Li, J. Chen, P. Voss, J. Sharping, and P. Kumar, "All-fiber photon-pair source for quantum communications: Improved generation of correlated photons," Opt. Express 12,3737-3744 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-16-3737.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Fiorentino, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, "All-fiber photon-pair source for quantum communications," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14,983-985 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kurtsiefer, C.

C. Kurtsiefer, M. Oberparleiter, and H. Weinfurter, "High-efficiency entangled photon pair collection in type-II parametric fluorescence," Phys. Rev. A 64,023802 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kwiat, P. G.

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, "New high-intensity source of polarization-entangled photon pairs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337-4341 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, X.

Mair, A.

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, "Entanglement of the orbital angular momentum states of photons," Nature 412,313-316 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Marcikic, I.

I. Marcikic, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Long-distance teleportation of qubits at telecommunication wavelengths," Nature 421,509-513 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Marcikic, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, V. Scarani, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Time-bin entangled qubits for quantum communication created by femtosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. A 66,062308 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Mattle, K.

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, "New high-intensity source of polarization-entangled photon pairs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337-4341 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Migdall, A.

Migdall, A. L.

A. L. Migdall, D. Branning, and S. Castelletto, "Tailoring single-photon and multiphoton probabilities of a singlephoton on-demand source," Phys. Rev. A 66,053805 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Nishida, Y.

Noh, T.-G.

T.-G. Noh and C. K. Hong, "Manifestation of complementarity in double-slit interference," J. Korean Phys. Soc. 33,383-387 (1998).

Oberparleiter, M.

C. Kurtsiefer, M. Oberparleiter, and H. Weinfurter, "High-efficiency entangled photon pair collection in type-II parametric fluorescence," Phys. Rev. A 64,023802 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ostrowsky, D. B.

S. Tanzilli, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, "Highly efficient photon-pair source using periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide," Electron. Lett. 37,26-28 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pittmann, T. B.

T. B. Pittmann, B. C. Jacobs, and J. D. Franson, "Heralding single photons from pulsed parametric downconversion," Opt. Commun. 246,545-550 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Pruneri, V.

G. Bonfrate, V. Pruneri, P. G. Kazansky, P. Tapster, and J. G. Rarity, "Parametric fluorescence in periodically poled silica fibers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75,2356-2358 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rarity, J. G.

G. Bonfrate, V. Pruneri, P. G. Kazansky, P. Tapster, and J. G. Rarity, "Parametric fluorescence in periodically poled silica fibers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75,2356-2358 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. G. Rarity and P. R. Tapster, "Experimental violation of Bells inequality based on phase and momentum," Phys. Rev. Lett. 64,2495-2498 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ribordy, G.

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy,W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, "Quantum Cryptography," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74,145-195 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Scarani, V.

I. Marcikic, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, V. Scarani, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Time-bin entangled qubits for quantum communication created by femtosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. A 66,062308 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Schettini, V.

Sergienko, A. V.

F. A. Bovino, P. Varisco, A. M. Colla, G. Castagnoli, G. D. Giuseppe, and A. V. Sergienko, "Effective fibercoupling of entangled photons for quantum communication," Opt. Commun. 227,343-348 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sharping, J.

Sharping, J. E.

X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, "Optical-fiber source of polarization-entangled photons in the 1550 nm telecom band," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94,053601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Fiorentino, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, "All-fiber photon-pair source for quantum communications," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14,983-985 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Shimony, A.

M. A. Horne, A. Shimony, and A. Zeilinger, "Two-particle interferometry," Phys. Rev. Lett. 62,2209-2212 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tadanaga, O.

Takesue, H.

Tanzilli, S.

S. Tanzilli, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, "Highly efficient photon-pair source using periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide," Electron. Lett. 37,26-28 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tapster, P.

G. Bonfrate, V. Pruneri, P. G. Kazansky, P. Tapster, and J. G. Rarity, "Parametric fluorescence in periodically poled silica fibers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75,2356-2358 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Tapster, P. R.

J. G. Rarity and P. R. Tapster, "Experimental violation of Bells inequality based on phase and momentum," Phys. Rev. Lett. 64,2495-2498 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tittel, W.

I. Marcikic, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Long-distance teleportation of qubits at telecommunication wavelengths," Nature 421,509-513 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy,W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, "Quantum Cryptography," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74,145-195 (2002).
[CrossRef]

I. Marcikic, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, V. Scarani, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Time-bin entangled qubits for quantum communication created by femtosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. A 66,062308 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Tanzilli, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, "Highly efficient photon-pair source using periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide," Electron. Lett. 37,26-28 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tsuchida, H.

A. Yoshizawa, R. Kaji, and H. Tsuchida, "Generation of polarization-entangled photon pairs at 1550nm using two PPLN waveguides," Electron. Lett. 39,621-622 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Varisco, P.

F. A. Bovino, P. Varisco, A. M. Colla, G. Castagnoli, G. D. Giuseppe, and A. V. Sergienko, "Effective fibercoupling of entangled photons for quantum communication," Opt. Commun. 227,343-348 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Vaziri, A.

A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, "Experimental two-photon, three-dimensional entanglement for quantum communication," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89,240401 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, "Entanglement of the orbital angular momentum states of photons," Nature 412,313-316 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Voss, P.

Voss, P. L.

X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, "Optical-fiber source of polarization-entangled photons in the 1550 nm telecom band," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94,053601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Fiorentino, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, "All-fiber photon-pair source for quantum communications," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14,983-985 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Weihs, G.

A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, "Experimental two-photon, three-dimensional entanglement for quantum communication," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89,240401 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, "Entanglement of the orbital angular momentum states of photons," Nature 412,313-316 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Weinberg, D. L.

D. C. Burnham and D. L. Weinberg, "Observation of simultaneity in parametric production of optical photon pairs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 25,84-87 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Weinfurter, H.

C. Kurtsiefer, M. Oberparleiter, and H. Weinfurter, "High-efficiency entangled photon pair collection in type-II parametric fluorescence," Phys. Rev. A 64,023802 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, "New high-intensity source of polarization-entangled photon pairs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337-4341 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Yoshizawa, A.

A. Yoshizawa, R. Kaji, and H. Tsuchida, "Generation of polarization-entangled photon pairs at 1550nm using two PPLN waveguides," Electron. Lett. 39,621-622 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zbinden, H.

I. Marcikic, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Long-distance teleportation of qubits at telecommunication wavelengths," Nature 421,509-513 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy,W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, "Quantum Cryptography," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74,145-195 (2002).
[CrossRef]

I. Marcikic, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, V. Scarani, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Time-bin entangled qubits for quantum communication created by femtosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. A 66,062308 (2002).
[CrossRef]

S. Tanzilli, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, "Highly efficient photon-pair source using periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide," Electron. Lett. 37,26-28 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zeilinger, A.

A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, "Experimental two-photon, three-dimensional entanglement for quantum communication," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89,240401 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, "Entanglement of the orbital angular momentum states of photons," Nature 412,313-316 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, "New high-intensity source of polarization-entangled photon pairs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337-4341 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Horne, A. Shimony, and A. Zeilinger, "Two-particle interferometry," Phys. Rev. Lett. 62,2209-2212 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

G. Bonfrate, V. Pruneri, P. G. Kazansky, P. Tapster, and J. G. Rarity, "Parametric fluorescence in periodically poled silica fibers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 75,2356-2358 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

S. Tanzilli, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, P. Baldi, M. De Micheli, D. B. Ostrowsky, and N. Gisin, "Highly efficient photon-pair source using periodically poled lithium niobate waveguide," Electron. Lett. 37,26-28 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. Yoshizawa, R. Kaji, and H. Tsuchida, "Generation of polarization-entangled photon pairs at 1550nm using two PPLN waveguides," Electron. Lett. 39,621-622 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

M. Fiorentino, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, "All-fiber photon-pair source for quantum communications," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14,983-985 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Korean Phys. Soc. (1)

T.-G. Noh and C. K. Hong, "Manifestation of complementarity in double-slit interference," J. Korean Phys. Soc. 33,383-387 (1998).

Nature (2)

A. Mair, A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, "Entanglement of the orbital angular momentum states of photons," Nature 412,313-316 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

I. Marcikic, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Long-distance teleportation of qubits at telecommunication wavelengths," Nature 421,509-513 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (2)

F. A. Bovino, P. Varisco, A. M. Colla, G. Castagnoli, G. D. Giuseppe, and A. V. Sergienko, "Effective fibercoupling of entangled photons for quantum communication," Opt. Commun. 227,343-348 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. B. Pittmann, B. C. Jacobs, and J. D. Franson, "Heralding single photons from pulsed parametric downconversion," Opt. Commun. 246,545-550 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Rev. A (4)

I. Marcikic, H. de Riedmatten, W. Tittel, V. Scarani, H. Zbinden, and N. Gisin, "Time-bin entangled qubits for quantum communication created by femtosecond pulses," Phys. Rev. A 66,062308 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. L. Migdall, D. Branning, and S. Castelletto, "Tailoring single-photon and multiphoton probabilities of a singlephoton on-demand source," Phys. Rev. A 66,053805 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Kurtsiefer, M. Oberparleiter, and H. Weinfurter, "High-efficiency entangled photon pair collection in type-II parametric fluorescence," Phys. Rev. A 64,023802 (2001).
[CrossRef]

H. Takesue and K. Inoue, "Generation of polarization-entangled photon pairs and violation of Bell’s inequality using spontaneous four-wave mixing in a fiber loop," Phys. Rev. A 70,031802 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (7)

D. C. Burnham and D. L. Weinberg, "Observation of simultaneity in parametric production of optical photon pairs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 25,84-87 (1970).
[CrossRef]

P. G. Kwiat, K. Mattle, H. Weinfurter, and A. Zeilinger, "New high-intensity source of polarization-entangled photon pairs," Phys. Rev. Lett. 75, 4337-4341 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. G. Rarity and P. R. Tapster, "Experimental violation of Bells inequality based on phase and momentum," Phys. Rev. Lett. 64,2495-2498 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. A. Horne, A. Shimony, and A. Zeilinger, "Two-particle interferometry," Phys. Rev. Lett. 62,2209-2212 (1989).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Vaziri, G. Weihs, and A. Zeilinger, "Experimental two-photon, three-dimensional entanglement for quantum communication," Phys. Rev. Lett. 89,240401 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. R. Altman, K. G. Köprülü, E. Corndorf, P. Kumar, and G. A. Barbosa, "Quantum imaging of nonlocal spatial correlations induced by orbital angular momentum," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94,123601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

X. Li, P. L. Voss, J. E. Sharping, and P. Kumar, "Optical-fiber source of polarization-entangled photons in the 1550 nm telecom band," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94,053601 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy,W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, "Quantum Cryptography," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74,145-195 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

D. Bouwmeester, A. Ekert, and A. Zeilinger, eds., The Physics of Quantum Information (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, 2000).

We consider only the Gaussian spread of the down-converted light, because in this noncollinear type-I SPDC it is significantly larger than the extra divergence caused by the SPDC phase-matching conditions over the wavelength range of interest.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setups for (a) measuring spatial intensity distribution, and (b) coincidence counting of correlated photon pairs at 1550 nm.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Measured spatial intensity distribution of the down-converted light for (a) collinear phase matching, and (b) noncollinear phase matching.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Probability of creating a correlated photon pair per pump pulse.

Equations (1)

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C = N ( P pair ) ,

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