Abstract

We report on an ytterbium-doped photonic crystal fiber with a core diameter of 60 μm and mode-field-area of ~2000 μm2 of the emitted fundamental mode. Together with the short absorption length of 0.5 m this fiber possesses a record low nonlinearity which makes this fiber predestinated for the amplification of short laser pulses to very high peak powers. In a first continuous-wave experiment a power of 320 W has been extracted corresponding to 550 W per meter. To our knowledge this represents the highest power per unit length ever reported for fiber lasers. Furthermore, the robust single-transverse-mode propagation in a passive 100 μm core fiber with a similar design reveals the potential of extended large-mode-area photonic crystal fibers.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. Y. Jeong, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, and J. Nilsson, “Ytterbium-doped large-core fiber laser with 1.36 kW continuous-wave output power,” Opt. Express 12, 6088–6092 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-25-6088
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. J. Limpert, N. Deguil-Robin, I. Manek-Hönninger, F. Salin, F. Röser, A. Liem, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, J. Broeng, A. Petersson, and C. Jakobsen,“High-power rod-type photonic crystal fiber laser,” Opt. Express 13, 1055–1058 (2005) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-4-1055
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. J. Limpert, T. Schreiber, A. Liem, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, T. Peschel, V. Guyenot, and A. Tünnermann, “Thermo-optical properties of air-clad photonic crystal fiber lasers in high power operation,“ Opt. Express 11, 2982–2990 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-22-2982
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
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    [Crossref]
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2006 (1)

2005 (2)

2004 (2)

2003 (5)

2001 (1)

A. Galvanauskas, “Mode-scalable fiber-based chirped pulse amplification systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 504–517 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (1)

Agrawal, G. P.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1995).

Alvarez-Chavez, J. A.

J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, A. B. Grudinin, J. Nilsson, P. W. Turner, and W. A. Clarkson, “Mode selection in high power cladding pumped fibre lasers with tapered section,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 247–248.

Bjarklev, A.

A. Bjarklev, J. Broeng, and A. S. Bjarklev, Photonic Crystal Fibres (Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 2003).
[Crossref]

Bjarklev, A. S.

A. Bjarklev, J. Broeng, and A. S. Bjarklev, Photonic Crystal Fibres (Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 2003).
[Crossref]

Blondy, J.

Bonati, G.

G. Bonati, H. Voelckel, T. Gabler, U. Krause, A. Tünnermann, J. Limpert, A. Liem, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, and H. Zellmer, “1.53 kW from a single Yb-doped photonic crystal fiber laser,” Photonics West, San Jose, Late Breaking Developments, Session 5709–2a (2005).

Bouwmans, G.

Broeng, J.

Bubnov, M.

Clarkson, W. A.

J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, A. B. Grudinin, J. Nilsson, P. W. Turner, and W. A. Clarkson, “Mode selection in high power cladding pumped fibre lasers with tapered section,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 247–248.

Deguil-Robin, N.

Dianov, E.

Dong, L.

Février, S.

Folkenberg, J.

Gabler, T.

G. Bonati, H. Voelckel, T. Gabler, U. Krause, A. Tünnermann, J. Limpert, A. Liem, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, and H. Zellmer, “1.53 kW from a single Yb-doped photonic crystal fiber laser,” Photonics West, San Jose, Late Breaking Developments, Session 5709–2a (2005).

Galvanauskas, A.

A. Galvanauskas, “Mode-scalable fiber-based chirped pulse amplification systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 504–517 (2001).
[Crossref]

Goldberg, L.

Grudinin, A. B.

J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, A. B. Grudinin, J. Nilsson, P. W. Turner, and W. A. Clarkson, “Mode selection in high power cladding pumped fibre lasers with tapered section,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 247–248.

Guryanov, A.

Guyenot, V.

Hansen, K.

Iliew, R.

Jakobsen, C.

Jamier, R.

Jeong, Y.

Khopin, V.

Kliner, D.

Knight, J. C.

Koplow, P.

Krause, U.

G. Bonati, H. Voelckel, T. Gabler, U. Krause, A. Tünnermann, J. Limpert, A. Liem, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, and H. Zellmer, “1.53 kW from a single Yb-doped photonic crystal fiber laser,” Photonics West, San Jose, Late Breaking Developments, Session 5709–2a (2005).

Lederer, F.

Liem, A.

Likhachev, M.

Limpert, J.

J. Limpert, N. Deguil-Robin, I. Manek-Hönninger, F. Salin, F. Röser, A. Liem, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, J. Broeng, A. Petersson, and C. Jakobsen,“High-power rod-type photonic crystal fiber laser,” Opt. Express 13, 1055–1058 (2005) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-4-1055
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Limpert, A. Liem, M. Reich, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, J. Broeng, A. Petersson, and C. Jakobsen, “Low-nonlinearity single-transverse-mode ytterbium-doped photonic crystal fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express 12, 1313–1319 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-7-1313
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Limpert, T. Schreiber, A. Liem, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, T. Peschel, V. Guyenot, and A. Tünnermann, “Thermo-optical properties of air-clad photonic crystal fiber lasers in high power operation,“ Opt. Express 11, 2982–2990 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-22-2982
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Limpert, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, T. Tünnermann, R. Iliew, F. Lederer, J. Broeng, G. Vienne, A. Petersson, and C. Jakobsen, “High-power air-clad large-mode-area photonic crystal fiber laser,” Opt. Express 11, 818–823 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-7-818.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Bonati, H. Voelckel, T. Gabler, U. Krause, A. Tünnermann, J. Limpert, A. Liem, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, and H. Zellmer, “1.53 kW from a single Yb-doped photonic crystal fiber laser,” Photonics West, San Jose, Late Breaking Developments, Session 5709–2a (2005).

Manek-Hönninger, I.

McLaughlin, J.

Mortensen, N.

Nielsen, M.

Nilsson, J.

Y. Jeong, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, and J. Nilsson, “Ytterbium-doped large-core fiber laser with 1.36 kW continuous-wave output power,” Opt. Express 12, 6088–6092 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-25-6088
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, A. B. Grudinin, J. Nilsson, P. W. Turner, and W. A. Clarkson, “Mode selection in high power cladding pumped fibre lasers with tapered section,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 247–248.

Nolte, S.

J. Limpert, N. Deguil-Robin, I. Manek-Hönninger, F. Salin, F. Röser, A. Liem, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, J. Broeng, A. Petersson, and C. Jakobsen,“High-power rod-type photonic crystal fiber laser,” Opt. Express 13, 1055–1058 (2005) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-4-1055
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Limpert, A. Liem, M. Reich, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, J. Broeng, A. Petersson, and C. Jakobsen, “Low-nonlinearity single-transverse-mode ytterbium-doped photonic crystal fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express 12, 1313–1319 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-7-1313
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Limpert, T. Schreiber, A. Liem, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, T. Peschel, V. Guyenot, and A. Tünnermann, “Thermo-optical properties of air-clad photonic crystal fiber lasers in high power operation,“ Opt. Express 11, 2982–2990 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-22-2982
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Limpert, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, T. Tünnermann, R. Iliew, F. Lederer, J. Broeng, G. Vienne, A. Petersson, and C. Jakobsen, “High-power air-clad large-mode-area photonic crystal fiber laser,” Opt. Express 11, 818–823 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-7-818.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Bonati, H. Voelckel, T. Gabler, U. Krause, A. Tünnermann, J. Limpert, A. Liem, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, and H. Zellmer, “1.53 kW from a single Yb-doped photonic crystal fiber laser,” Photonics West, San Jose, Late Breaking Developments, Session 5709–2a (2005).

Payne, D. N.

Peng, X.

Percival, R. M.

Peschel, T.

Petersson, A.

Reich, M.

Röser, F.

Russell, P.

P. Russell, “Photonic crystal fibers,” Science 299, 358–362 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Russell, P. S. J.

Sahu, J. K.

Salganskii, M.

Salin, F.

Schreiber, T.

J. Limpert, N. Deguil-Robin, I. Manek-Hönninger, F. Salin, F. Röser, A. Liem, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, J. Broeng, A. Petersson, and C. Jakobsen,“High-power rod-type photonic crystal fiber laser,” Opt. Express 13, 1055–1058 (2005) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-4-1055
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Limpert, A. Liem, M. Reich, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, J. Broeng, A. Petersson, and C. Jakobsen, “Low-nonlinearity single-transverse-mode ytterbium-doped photonic crystal fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express 12, 1313–1319 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-7-1313
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Limpert, T. Schreiber, A. Liem, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, T. Peschel, V. Guyenot, and A. Tünnermann, “Thermo-optical properties of air-clad photonic crystal fiber lasers in high power operation,“ Opt. Express 11, 2982–2990 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-22-2982
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Limpert, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, T. Tünnermann, R. Iliew, F. Lederer, J. Broeng, G. Vienne, A. Petersson, and C. Jakobsen, “High-power air-clad large-mode-area photonic crystal fiber laser,” Opt. Express 11, 818–823 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-7-818.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Bonati, H. Voelckel, T. Gabler, U. Krause, A. Tünnermann, J. Limpert, A. Liem, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, and H. Zellmer, “1.53 kW from a single Yb-doped photonic crystal fiber laser,” Photonics West, San Jose, Late Breaking Developments, Session 5709–2a (2005).

Semjonov, S.

Tünnermann, A.

Tünnermann, T.

Turner, P. W.

J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, A. B. Grudinin, J. Nilsson, P. W. Turner, and W. A. Clarkson, “Mode selection in high power cladding pumped fibre lasers with tapered section,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 247–248.

Vienne, G.

Voelckel, H.

G. Bonati, H. Voelckel, T. Gabler, U. Krause, A. Tünnermann, J. Limpert, A. Liem, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, and H. Zellmer, “1.53 kW from a single Yb-doped photonic crystal fiber laser,” Photonics West, San Jose, Late Breaking Developments, Session 5709–2a (2005).

Wadsworth, W. J.

Wong, W.

Zellmer, H.

J. Limpert, N. Deguil-Robin, I. Manek-Hönninger, F. Salin, F. Röser, A. Liem, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, J. Broeng, A. Petersson, and C. Jakobsen,“High-power rod-type photonic crystal fiber laser,” Opt. Express 13, 1055–1058 (2005) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-4-1055
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Limpert, A. Liem, M. Reich, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, J. Broeng, A. Petersson, and C. Jakobsen, “Low-nonlinearity single-transverse-mode ytterbium-doped photonic crystal fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express 12, 1313–1319 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-7-1313
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Limpert, T. Schreiber, A. Liem, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, T. Peschel, V. Guyenot, and A. Tünnermann, “Thermo-optical properties of air-clad photonic crystal fiber lasers in high power operation,“ Opt. Express 11, 2982–2990 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-22-2982
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Limpert, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, T. Tünnermann, R. Iliew, F. Lederer, J. Broeng, G. Vienne, A. Petersson, and C. Jakobsen, “High-power air-clad large-mode-area photonic crystal fiber laser,” Opt. Express 11, 818–823 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-7-818.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Bonati, H. Voelckel, T. Gabler, U. Krause, A. Tünnermann, J. Limpert, A. Liem, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, and H. Zellmer, “1.53 kW from a single Yb-doped photonic crystal fiber laser,” Photonics West, San Jose, Late Breaking Developments, Session 5709–2a (2005).

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

A. Galvanauskas, “Mode-scalable fiber-based chirped pulse amplification systems,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 504–517 (2001).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (7)

J. Limpert, A. Liem, M. Reich, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, J. Broeng, A. Petersson, and C. Jakobsen, “Low-nonlinearity single-transverse-mode ytterbium-doped photonic crystal fiber amplifier,” Opt. Express 12, 1313–1319 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-7-1313
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Limpert, N. Deguil-Robin, I. Manek-Hönninger, F. Salin, F. Röser, A. Liem, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, J. Broeng, A. Petersson, and C. Jakobsen,“High-power rod-type photonic crystal fiber laser,” Opt. Express 13, 1055–1058 (2005) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-4-1055
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Limpert, T. Schreiber, A. Liem, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, T. Peschel, V. Guyenot, and A. Tünnermann, “Thermo-optical properties of air-clad photonic crystal fiber lasers in high power operation,“ Opt. Express 11, 2982–2990 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-22-2982
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Février, R. Jamier, J. Blondy, S. Semjonov, M. Likhachev, M. Bubnov, E. Dianov, V. Khopin, M. Salganskii, and A. Guryanov, “Low-loss singlemode large mode area all-silica photonic bandgap fiber,” Opt. Express 14, 562–569 (2006). http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-14-2-562
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Jeong, J. K. Sahu, D. N. Payne, and J. Nilsson, “Ytterbium-doped large-core fiber laser with 1.36 kW continuous-wave output power,” Opt. Express 12, 6088–6092 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-25-6088
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W. J. Wadsworth, R. M. Percival, G. Bouwmans, J. C. Knight, and P. S. J. Russell, “High power air-clad photonic crystal fibre laser,” Opt. Express 11, 48“53 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-1-48.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Limpert, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, T. Tünnermann, R. Iliew, F. Lederer, J. Broeng, G. Vienne, A. Petersson, and C. Jakobsen, “High-power air-clad large-mode-area photonic crystal fiber laser,” Opt. Express 11, 818–823 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-7-818.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Science (1)

P. Russell, “Photonic crystal fibers,” Science 299, 358–362 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (5)

J. A. Alvarez-Chavez, A. B. Grudinin, J. Nilsson, P. W. Turner, and W. A. Clarkson, “Mode selection in high power cladding pumped fibre lasers with tapered section,” in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, OSA Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, Washington, D.C., 1999), pp. 247–248.

A. Bjarklev, J. Broeng, and A. S. Bjarklev, Photonic Crystal Fibres (Kluwer Academic, Dordrecht, The Netherlands, 2003).
[Crossref]

www.ipgphotonics.com.

G. Bonati, H. Voelckel, T. Gabler, U. Krause, A. Tünnermann, J. Limpert, A. Liem, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, and H. Zellmer, “1.53 kW from a single Yb-doped photonic crystal fiber laser,” Photonics West, San Jose, Late Breaking Developments, Session 5709–2a (2005).

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, San Diego, Calif., 1995).

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a). Microscope-image of the extended-mode-area rod-type photonic crystal fiber and (b) SEM-picture of the microstructured region.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Measured (a) and calculated (b) near-field intensity profile of the ytterbium doped 60 μm core emission.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Output characteristics of the high power short-length rod-type fiber laser.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Measured near field intensity profile of the passive 100 μ m core emission.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Comparison of nonlinearity of different fiber designs in the 1 μm wavelength region

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