Abstract

An S-band gain-clamped erbium-doped fiber amplifier module, employing a fiber Bragg grating to serve as a reflected element for lasing a saturated tone injected into the module by forward optical feedback method, is proposed and investigated experimentally. Moreover, the performance and behavior of the gain and noise figure in the proposed gain-clamped S-band fiber amplifier have also been discussed in the effectively wavelength range of 1478 to 1520 nm.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. B. Clesca, "Flat-gain amplifiers and transmission in WDM networks," Tech. Dig. Optical Amplifiers and their Applications, Monterey, CA, Paper FA1, 54-57 (1996).
  2. C. Jiang, W. Hu, Q. Zeng, and S. Xiao, "Novel split-band erbium-doped fiber amplifier," Opt. Laser Technol. 35, 251-256 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  3. C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, and S. Chi, "120-nm bandwidth erbium-doped fiber amplifier module in parallel configuration," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 1637-1639 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  4. Y. H. Lu and S. Chi, "All-optical gain-clamped wideband serial EDFA with ring-shaped laser," Opt. Commun. 229, 317-323 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Q. F. Jiang, X. M. Liu, Q. Wang, and X. Feng, "Dynamically gain control in the serial structure C+L wideband EDFA," IEEE. Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 87-89 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. X. Fang, T. Jin, Y. Wang, X. Liu and J. Peng "A simple algorithm for wide-band channel-power clamped EDFA," Opt. Commun. 213, 285-292 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Y. H. Lu, L. H. Su, and Y. K. Chen, "Optically gain-clamped wideband erbium-doped fiber amplifier using a common figure-eight feedback-loop lasing light," Opt. Commun. 229, 293-298 (2002).
  8. K. Inoue, "Gain-clamped fiber amplifier with a loop mirror configuration", IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.,  5, 533-535 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  9. M. Cai, X. Liu, J. Cui, P. Tang, D. Liu, and J. Peng, "Study on noise characteristic of gain-clamped erbium-doped fiber-ring lasing amplifier," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 1093-1095 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  10. M. A. Arbore, Y. Zhou, G. Keaton, and T. J. Kane, "30 dB gain at 1500 nm in S-band Erbium-doped silica fiber with distributed ASE suppression," in Proc.SPIE, Optical Devices for Fiber Communication IV,  4989, 47-52 (2003)
  11. K. H. Lai and S. Chi, "Gain-clamped erbium-doped waveguide amplifier module with fiber Bragg grating using optical feedback," Jpn. J Appl. Phys. 44, 4009-4011 (2005).
    [CrossRef]

2005 (1)

K. H. Lai and S. Chi, "Gain-clamped erbium-doped waveguide amplifier module with fiber Bragg grating using optical feedback," Jpn. J Appl. Phys. 44, 4009-4011 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, and S. Chi, "120-nm bandwidth erbium-doped fiber amplifier module in parallel configuration," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 1637-1639 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Lu and S. Chi, "All-optical gain-clamped wideband serial EDFA with ring-shaped laser," Opt. Commun. 229, 317-323 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Q. F. Jiang, X. M. Liu, Q. Wang, and X. Feng, "Dynamically gain control in the serial structure C+L wideband EDFA," IEEE. Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 87-89 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

M. A. Arbore, Y. Zhou, G. Keaton, and T. J. Kane, "30 dB gain at 1500 nm in S-band Erbium-doped silica fiber with distributed ASE suppression," in Proc.SPIE, Optical Devices for Fiber Communication IV,  4989, 47-52 (2003)

C. Jiang, W. Hu, Q. Zeng, and S. Xiao, "Novel split-band erbium-doped fiber amplifier," Opt. Laser Technol. 35, 251-256 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

X. Fang, T. Jin, Y. Wang, X. Liu and J. Peng "A simple algorithm for wide-band channel-power clamped EDFA," Opt. Commun. 213, 285-292 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Lu, L. H. Su, and Y. K. Chen, "Optically gain-clamped wideband erbium-doped fiber amplifier using a common figure-eight feedback-loop lasing light," Opt. Commun. 229, 293-298 (2002).

1999 (1)

K. Inoue, "Gain-clamped fiber amplifier with a loop mirror configuration", IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.,  5, 533-535 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

M. Cai, X. Liu, J. Cui, P. Tang, D. Liu, and J. Peng, "Study on noise characteristic of gain-clamped erbium-doped fiber-ring lasing amplifier," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 1093-1095 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

B. Clesca, "Flat-gain amplifiers and transmission in WDM networks," Tech. Dig. Optical Amplifiers and their Applications, Monterey, CA, Paper FA1, 54-57 (1996).

Arbore, M. A.

M. A. Arbore, Y. Zhou, G. Keaton, and T. J. Kane, "30 dB gain at 1500 nm in S-band Erbium-doped silica fiber with distributed ASE suppression," in Proc.SPIE, Optical Devices for Fiber Communication IV,  4989, 47-52 (2003)

Cai, M.

M. Cai, X. Liu, J. Cui, P. Tang, D. Liu, and J. Peng, "Study on noise characteristic of gain-clamped erbium-doped fiber-ring lasing amplifier," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 1093-1095 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Chen, Y. K.

Y. H. Lu, L. H. Su, and Y. K. Chen, "Optically gain-clamped wideband erbium-doped fiber amplifier using a common figure-eight feedback-loop lasing light," Opt. Commun. 229, 293-298 (2002).

Chi, S.

K. H. Lai and S. Chi, "Gain-clamped erbium-doped waveguide amplifier module with fiber Bragg grating using optical feedback," Jpn. J Appl. Phys. 44, 4009-4011 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Lu and S. Chi, "All-optical gain-clamped wideband serial EDFA with ring-shaped laser," Opt. Commun. 229, 317-323 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, and S. Chi, "120-nm bandwidth erbium-doped fiber amplifier module in parallel configuration," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 1637-1639 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Clesca, B.

B. Clesca, "Flat-gain amplifiers and transmission in WDM networks," Tech. Dig. Optical Amplifiers and their Applications, Monterey, CA, Paper FA1, 54-57 (1996).

Cui, J.

M. Cai, X. Liu, J. Cui, P. Tang, D. Liu, and J. Peng, "Study on noise characteristic of gain-clamped erbium-doped fiber-ring lasing amplifier," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 1093-1095 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fang, X.

X. Fang, T. Jin, Y. Wang, X. Liu and J. Peng "A simple algorithm for wide-band channel-power clamped EDFA," Opt. Commun. 213, 285-292 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Feng, X.

Q. F. Jiang, X. M. Liu, Q. Wang, and X. Feng, "Dynamically gain control in the serial structure C+L wideband EDFA," IEEE. Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 87-89 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hu, W.

C. Jiang, W. Hu, Q. Zeng, and S. Xiao, "Novel split-band erbium-doped fiber amplifier," Opt. Laser Technol. 35, 251-256 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, K.

K. Inoue, "Gain-clamped fiber amplifier with a loop mirror configuration", IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.,  5, 533-535 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, C.

C. Jiang, W. Hu, Q. Zeng, and S. Xiao, "Novel split-band erbium-doped fiber amplifier," Opt. Laser Technol. 35, 251-256 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jiang, Q. F.

Q. F. Jiang, X. M. Liu, Q. Wang, and X. Feng, "Dynamically gain control in the serial structure C+L wideband EDFA," IEEE. Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 87-89 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jin, T.

X. Fang, T. Jin, Y. Wang, X. Liu and J. Peng "A simple algorithm for wide-band channel-power clamped EDFA," Opt. Commun. 213, 285-292 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kane, T. J.

M. A. Arbore, Y. Zhou, G. Keaton, and T. J. Kane, "30 dB gain at 1500 nm in S-band Erbium-doped silica fiber with distributed ASE suppression," in Proc.SPIE, Optical Devices for Fiber Communication IV,  4989, 47-52 (2003)

Keaton, G.

M. A. Arbore, Y. Zhou, G. Keaton, and T. J. Kane, "30 dB gain at 1500 nm in S-band Erbium-doped silica fiber with distributed ASE suppression," in Proc.SPIE, Optical Devices for Fiber Communication IV,  4989, 47-52 (2003)

Lai, K. H.

K. H. Lai and S. Chi, "Gain-clamped erbium-doped waveguide amplifier module with fiber Bragg grating using optical feedback," Jpn. J Appl. Phys. 44, 4009-4011 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C. C.

C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, and S. Chi, "120-nm bandwidth erbium-doped fiber amplifier module in parallel configuration," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 1637-1639 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Liu, D.

M. Cai, X. Liu, J. Cui, P. Tang, D. Liu, and J. Peng, "Study on noise characteristic of gain-clamped erbium-doped fiber-ring lasing amplifier," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 1093-1095 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

X. Fang, T. Jin, Y. Wang, X. Liu and J. Peng "A simple algorithm for wide-band channel-power clamped EDFA," Opt. Commun. 213, 285-292 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Cai, X. Liu, J. Cui, P. Tang, D. Liu, and J. Peng, "Study on noise characteristic of gain-clamped erbium-doped fiber-ring lasing amplifier," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 1093-1095 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X. M.

Q. F. Jiang, X. M. Liu, Q. Wang, and X. Feng, "Dynamically gain control in the serial structure C+L wideband EDFA," IEEE. Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 87-89 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lu, Y. H.

Y. H. Lu and S. Chi, "All-optical gain-clamped wideband serial EDFA with ring-shaped laser," Opt. Commun. 229, 317-323 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Lu, L. H. Su, and Y. K. Chen, "Optically gain-clamped wideband erbium-doped fiber amplifier using a common figure-eight feedback-loop lasing light," Opt. Commun. 229, 293-298 (2002).

Peng, J.

X. Fang, T. Jin, Y. Wang, X. Liu and J. Peng "A simple algorithm for wide-band channel-power clamped EDFA," Opt. Commun. 213, 285-292 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. Cai, X. Liu, J. Cui, P. Tang, D. Liu, and J. Peng, "Study on noise characteristic of gain-clamped erbium-doped fiber-ring lasing amplifier," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 1093-1095 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Su, L. H.

Y. H. Lu, L. H. Su, and Y. K. Chen, "Optically gain-clamped wideband erbium-doped fiber amplifier using a common figure-eight feedback-loop lasing light," Opt. Commun. 229, 293-298 (2002).

Tang, P.

M. Cai, X. Liu, J. Cui, P. Tang, D. Liu, and J. Peng, "Study on noise characteristic of gain-clamped erbium-doped fiber-ring lasing amplifier," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 1093-1095 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q.

Q. F. Jiang, X. M. Liu, Q. Wang, and X. Feng, "Dynamically gain control in the serial structure C+L wideband EDFA," IEEE. Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 87-89 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Y.

X. Fang, T. Jin, Y. Wang, X. Liu and J. Peng "A simple algorithm for wide-band channel-power clamped EDFA," Opt. Commun. 213, 285-292 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Xiao, S.

C. Jiang, W. Hu, Q. Zeng, and S. Xiao, "Novel split-band erbium-doped fiber amplifier," Opt. Laser Technol. 35, 251-256 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, C. H.

C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, and S. Chi, "120-nm bandwidth erbium-doped fiber amplifier module in parallel configuration," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 1637-1639 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zeng, Q.

C. Jiang, W. Hu, Q. Zeng, and S. Xiao, "Novel split-band erbium-doped fiber amplifier," Opt. Laser Technol. 35, 251-256 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, Y.

M. A. Arbore, Y. Zhou, G. Keaton, and T. J. Kane, "30 dB gain at 1500 nm in S-band Erbium-doped silica fiber with distributed ASE suppression," in Proc.SPIE, Optical Devices for Fiber Communication IV,  4989, 47-52 (2003)

CA, Paper (1)

B. Clesca, "Flat-gain amplifiers and transmission in WDM networks," Tech. Dig. Optical Amplifiers and their Applications, Monterey, CA, Paper FA1, 54-57 (1996).

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (3)

C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, and S. Chi, "120-nm bandwidth erbium-doped fiber amplifier module in parallel configuration," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 1637-1639 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Inoue, "Gain-clamped fiber amplifier with a loop mirror configuration", IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.,  5, 533-535 (1999).
[CrossRef]

M. Cai, X. Liu, J. Cui, P. Tang, D. Liu, and J. Peng, "Study on noise characteristic of gain-clamped erbium-doped fiber-ring lasing amplifier," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 9, 1093-1095 (1997).
[CrossRef]

IEEE. Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

Q. F. Jiang, X. M. Liu, Q. Wang, and X. Feng, "Dynamically gain control in the serial structure C+L wideband EDFA," IEEE. Photonics Technol. Lett. 16, 87-89 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jpn. J Appl. Phys. (1)

K. H. Lai and S. Chi, "Gain-clamped erbium-doped waveguide amplifier module with fiber Bragg grating using optical feedback," Jpn. J Appl. Phys. 44, 4009-4011 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (3)

X. Fang, T. Jin, Y. Wang, X. Liu and J. Peng "A simple algorithm for wide-band channel-power clamped EDFA," Opt. Commun. 213, 285-292 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. H. Lu, L. H. Su, and Y. K. Chen, "Optically gain-clamped wideband erbium-doped fiber amplifier using a common figure-eight feedback-loop lasing light," Opt. Commun. 229, 293-298 (2002).

Y. H. Lu and S. Chi, "All-optical gain-clamped wideband serial EDFA with ring-shaped laser," Opt. Commun. 229, 317-323 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Laser Technol. (1)

C. Jiang, W. Hu, Q. Zeng, and S. Xiao, "Novel split-band erbium-doped fiber amplifier," Opt. Laser Technol. 35, 251-256 (2003).
[CrossRef]

SPIE, Optical Devices for Fiber Communication IV (1)

M. A. Arbore, Y. Zhou, G. Keaton, and T. J. Kane, "30 dB gain at 1500 nm in S-band Erbium-doped silica fiber with distributed ASE suppression," in Proc.SPIE, Optical Devices for Fiber Communication IV,  4989, 47-52 (2003)

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup for a gain-clamped S-band EDFA module by forward optical feedback method.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Gain and noise spectra of the original S-band EDFA over the wavelength region of 1478 to 1520 nm, while the input signal power Pin = 0, -20 and -40dBm, respectively.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

The reflective spectrum of FBG1 to FBG4 with the central wavelength of (a) 1511.39 nm, (b) 1513.42 nm and (c) 1517.37 n

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Gain and noise figure spectra without and with the input coupling ratio of 90, 80, 70, 50% for the proposed gain-clamped EDFA when t

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Gain and noise profiles of the S band gain-clamped EDFA in the wavelength of 1478 to 1520 nm with 80% input ratio at the input signal power Pin = 0, -15, and -40 dBm at the lasing wavelength of 1517.37 nm, respectively.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Performance of BER at a test signal of 1506 nm in 2.5 Gbit/s modulated system when a 980 nm pump power is 280 mW.

Metrics