Abstract

Planar waveguides in nonlinear optical crystals of Sn2P2S6 have been produced by He+ ion implantation. The effective indices of the waveguide have been determined and refractive index profiles have been evaluated for the indices along all three principal axes of the optical indicatrix. The depth of the induced optical barrier is ∆n1 = −0.07, ∆n2 = −0.07 and ∆n3 = −0.09 at λ = 0.633 µm for a fluence Φ = 0.5×1015ions/cm2. Propagation losses for hybrid-n1 modes are α ≈ 10dB/cm.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. D. Haertle, M. Jazbinsek, G. Montemezzani, and P. Günter, "Nonlinear optical coefficients and phase-matching conditions in Sn2P2S6," Opt. Express 13, 3765-3776 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  2. M. Jazbinsek, D. Haertle, G. Montemezzani, P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Y. M. Vysochanskii, "Wavelength dependence of visible and near infrared photorefraction and phase conjugation in Sn2P2S6," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 2459-2467 (2005).
  3. T. Bach, M. Jazbin¡sek, P. Günter, A. A. Grabar, I. M. Stoika, and Y. M. Vysochanskii," Self pumped optical phase conjugation at 1.06 μm in Te-doped Sn2P2S6," Opt. Express 13, 9890-9896 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  4. P. D. Townsend, P. J. Chandler and L. Zhang, Optical effects of ion implantation, (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, 1994).
  5. D. Fluck, D. H. Jundt, P. Günter, M. Fleuster and Ch. Buchal, "Modeling of refractive index profiles of He+ ionimplanted KNbO3 waveguides based on the irradiation parameters," J. Appl. Phys. 74, 6023 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. Haertle, A. Guarino, J. Hajfler, G. Montemezzani and P. Günter, "Refractive indices of Sn2P2S6 at visible and infrared wavelengths," Opt. Express 13, 2047-2057 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. T. A. Maldonado and T. K. Gaylord, "Hybrid guided modes in biaxial planar waveguides," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 486-499 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. Yariv and P. Yeh, Optical waves in crystals, (Wiley Interscience, 1984).
  9. A. Guarino and P. Günter, "Nondestructive method for the characterization of ion-implanted optical waveguides," Opt. Lett. 30, 2412-2414 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. P. J. Chandler and F. L. Lama, "A new approach to the determination of planar waveguide profiles by means of a non-stationary mode index calculation," Optical Acta 33, 127 (1986).
  11. K. S. Chiang, "Construction of refractive-index profiles of planar dielectric waveguides from the distribution of effective indexes," J. Lightwave Technol. 3, 385 (1985).
  12. D. Fluck, R. Irmscher, Ch. Buchal and P. Günter, "Tailoring of optical planar wave-guides in KNbO3 by MeV He+ ion implantation," Ferroelectrics 128, 79 (1992).
  13. A. De Rossi, V. Ortiz, M. Calligaro, L. Lanco, S. Ducci, V. Berger and I. Sagnes, "Measuring propagation loss in a multimode semiconductor waveguide," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 073105 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  14. M. Zha, D. Fluck, P. Günter, M. Fleuster and C. Buchal, "2-wave mixing in photorefractive ion-implanted KNbO3 planar wave-guides at visible and near infrared wavelengths," Opt. Lett. 18, 577-579 (1993).
  15. D. Marcuse, "Modes of a symmetric slab optical waveguide in birefringent media," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 14, 736-741 (1978).
    [CrossRef]

2005 (6)

1996 (1)

T. A. Maldonado and T. K. Gaylord, "Hybrid guided modes in biaxial planar waveguides," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 486-499 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

D. Fluck, D. H. Jundt, P. Günter, M. Fleuster and Ch. Buchal, "Modeling of refractive index profiles of He+ ionimplanted KNbO3 waveguides based on the irradiation parameters," J. Appl. Phys. 74, 6023 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Zha, D. Fluck, P. Günter, M. Fleuster and C. Buchal, "2-wave mixing in photorefractive ion-implanted KNbO3 planar wave-guides at visible and near infrared wavelengths," Opt. Lett. 18, 577-579 (1993).

1992 (1)

D. Fluck, R. Irmscher, Ch. Buchal and P. Günter, "Tailoring of optical planar wave-guides in KNbO3 by MeV He+ ion implantation," Ferroelectrics 128, 79 (1992).

1986 (1)

P. J. Chandler and F. L. Lama, "A new approach to the determination of planar waveguide profiles by means of a non-stationary mode index calculation," Optical Acta 33, 127 (1986).

1985 (1)

K. S. Chiang, "Construction of refractive-index profiles of planar dielectric waveguides from the distribution of effective indexes," J. Lightwave Technol. 3, 385 (1985).

1978 (1)

D. Marcuse, "Modes of a symmetric slab optical waveguide in birefringent media," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 14, 736-741 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Bach, T.

Berger, V.

A. De Rossi, V. Ortiz, M. Calligaro, L. Lanco, S. Ducci, V. Berger and I. Sagnes, "Measuring propagation loss in a multimode semiconductor waveguide," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 073105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Buchal, C.

Buchal, Ch.

D. Fluck, D. H. Jundt, P. Günter, M. Fleuster and Ch. Buchal, "Modeling of refractive index profiles of He+ ionimplanted KNbO3 waveguides based on the irradiation parameters," J. Appl. Phys. 74, 6023 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. Fluck, R. Irmscher, Ch. Buchal and P. Günter, "Tailoring of optical planar wave-guides in KNbO3 by MeV He+ ion implantation," Ferroelectrics 128, 79 (1992).

Calligaro, M.

A. De Rossi, V. Ortiz, M. Calligaro, L. Lanco, S. Ducci, V. Berger and I. Sagnes, "Measuring propagation loss in a multimode semiconductor waveguide," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 073105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chandler, P. J.

P. J. Chandler and F. L. Lama, "A new approach to the determination of planar waveguide profiles by means of a non-stationary mode index calculation," Optical Acta 33, 127 (1986).

Chiang, K. S.

K. S. Chiang, "Construction of refractive-index profiles of planar dielectric waveguides from the distribution of effective indexes," J. Lightwave Technol. 3, 385 (1985).

De Rossi, A.

A. De Rossi, V. Ortiz, M. Calligaro, L. Lanco, S. Ducci, V. Berger and I. Sagnes, "Measuring propagation loss in a multimode semiconductor waveguide," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 073105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ducci, S.

A. De Rossi, V. Ortiz, M. Calligaro, L. Lanco, S. Ducci, V. Berger and I. Sagnes, "Measuring propagation loss in a multimode semiconductor waveguide," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 073105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Fleuster, M.

M. Zha, D. Fluck, P. Günter, M. Fleuster and C. Buchal, "2-wave mixing in photorefractive ion-implanted KNbO3 planar wave-guides at visible and near infrared wavelengths," Opt. Lett. 18, 577-579 (1993).

D. Fluck, D. H. Jundt, P. Günter, M. Fleuster and Ch. Buchal, "Modeling of refractive index profiles of He+ ionimplanted KNbO3 waveguides based on the irradiation parameters," J. Appl. Phys. 74, 6023 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Fluck, D.

D. Fluck, D. H. Jundt, P. Günter, M. Fleuster and Ch. Buchal, "Modeling of refractive index profiles of He+ ionimplanted KNbO3 waveguides based on the irradiation parameters," J. Appl. Phys. 74, 6023 (1993).
[CrossRef]

M. Zha, D. Fluck, P. Günter, M. Fleuster and C. Buchal, "2-wave mixing in photorefractive ion-implanted KNbO3 planar wave-guides at visible and near infrared wavelengths," Opt. Lett. 18, 577-579 (1993).

D. Fluck, R. Irmscher, Ch. Buchal and P. Günter, "Tailoring of optical planar wave-guides in KNbO3 by MeV He+ ion implantation," Ferroelectrics 128, 79 (1992).

Gaylord, T. K.

T. A. Maldonado and T. K. Gaylord, "Hybrid guided modes in biaxial planar waveguides," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 486-499 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Grabar, A. A.

Guarino, A.

Günter, P.

Haertle, D.

Hajfler, J.

Irmscher, R.

D. Fluck, R. Irmscher, Ch. Buchal and P. Günter, "Tailoring of optical planar wave-guides in KNbO3 by MeV He+ ion implantation," Ferroelectrics 128, 79 (1992).

Jazbinsek, M.

Jundt, D. H.

D. Fluck, D. H. Jundt, P. Günter, M. Fleuster and Ch. Buchal, "Modeling of refractive index profiles of He+ ionimplanted KNbO3 waveguides based on the irradiation parameters," J. Appl. Phys. 74, 6023 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Lama, F. L.

P. J. Chandler and F. L. Lama, "A new approach to the determination of planar waveguide profiles by means of a non-stationary mode index calculation," Optical Acta 33, 127 (1986).

Lanco, L.

A. De Rossi, V. Ortiz, M. Calligaro, L. Lanco, S. Ducci, V. Berger and I. Sagnes, "Measuring propagation loss in a multimode semiconductor waveguide," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 073105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Maldonado, T. A.

T. A. Maldonado and T. K. Gaylord, "Hybrid guided modes in biaxial planar waveguides," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 486-499 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Marcuse, D.

D. Marcuse, "Modes of a symmetric slab optical waveguide in birefringent media," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 14, 736-741 (1978).
[CrossRef]

Montemezzani, G.

Ortiz, V.

A. De Rossi, V. Ortiz, M. Calligaro, L. Lanco, S. Ducci, V. Berger and I. Sagnes, "Measuring propagation loss in a multimode semiconductor waveguide," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 073105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sagnes, I.

A. De Rossi, V. Ortiz, M. Calligaro, L. Lanco, S. Ducci, V. Berger and I. Sagnes, "Measuring propagation loss in a multimode semiconductor waveguide," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 073105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Stoika, I. M.

Vysochanskii, Y. M.

Zha, M.

Ferroelectrics (1)

D. Fluck, R. Irmscher, Ch. Buchal and P. Günter, "Tailoring of optical planar wave-guides in KNbO3 by MeV He+ ion implantation," Ferroelectrics 128, 79 (1992).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (1)

D. Marcuse, "Modes of a symmetric slab optical waveguide in birefringent media," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 14, 736-741 (1978).
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

A. De Rossi, V. Ortiz, M. Calligaro, L. Lanco, S. Ducci, V. Berger and I. Sagnes, "Measuring propagation loss in a multimode semiconductor waveguide," J. Appl. Phys. 97, 073105 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Fluck, D. H. Jundt, P. Günter, M. Fleuster and Ch. Buchal, "Modeling of refractive index profiles of He+ ionimplanted KNbO3 waveguides based on the irradiation parameters," J. Appl. Phys. 74, 6023 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

K. S. Chiang, "Construction of refractive-index profiles of planar dielectric waveguides from the distribution of effective indexes," J. Lightwave Technol. 3, 385 (1985).

T. A. Maldonado and T. K. Gaylord, "Hybrid guided modes in biaxial planar waveguides," J. Lightwave Technol. 14, 486-499 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Optical Acta (1)

P. J. Chandler and F. L. Lama, "A new approach to the determination of planar waveguide profiles by means of a non-stationary mode index calculation," Optical Acta 33, 127 (1986).

Other (2)

P. D. Townsend, P. J. Chandler and L. Zhang, Optical effects of ion implantation, (Cambridge U. Press, Cambridge, 1994).

A. Yariv and P. Yeh, Optical waves in crystals, (Wiley Interscience, 1984).

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