Abstract

Phasematch curves as well as sensitivity to angular and wavelength misalignment for generation of second-harmonic of 785 nm and 810 nm in BiB3O6 crystal was calculated. Measurements were done for intra-cavity CW SHG in a Ti:Sapphire laser. The BiBO crystal was found to be excellent for this application. Temperature dependance was uncritical for both crystals, while power stability was good. Maximum blue output was 53 mW at 392 nm and 100 mW at 405 nm; corresponding to pump-to-blue optical conversion efficiencies of 0.96% and 1.82% respectively.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohat, "Exceptional large nonlinear optical coefficients in the monoclinic bismuth borate BiB3O6 (BiBO)," Solid State Commun. 109, 249-251 (1999)
    [CrossRef]
  2. H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohaty, "Linear optical properties of the monoclinic bismuth borate BiB3O6," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 240-244 (2000)
    [CrossRef]
  3. M. Ghotbi, M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, A. Majchrowski, E. Michalski, and I.V. Kityk, "High-average-power femtosecond pulse generation in the blue using BiB3O6," Opt. Lett. 29, 2530-2532 (2004)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. Ghotbi, and M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, "Optical second harmonic generation properties of BiB3O6," Opt. Express 12, 6002-6018 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-24-6002
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. T. Harimoto, Y. Takeuchi, and M. Fujita, "Spectral properties of second-harmonic generation at 800 nm in a BiB3O6 crystal," Opt. Express 12, 811-816 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-5-811
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. Z. Wang, C. Du, B. Teng, X. Xu, K. Fu, G. Xu, J. Wan, Z. Shao, and X. Yang, "Diode-laser-array end- pumped 1W CW Nd:YVO4/BIBO green laser," J. Mod. Opt. 50, 1253-1258 (2003)
  7. A. Brenier, I.V. Kityk, and A. Majchrowski, "Evaluation of Nd3+-doped BiB3O6 (BIBO) as a new potential self-frequency conversion laser crystal," Opt. Commun. 203, 125-132 (2002)
    [CrossRef]
  8. C. Czeranowsky, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, "All-solid-state continuous-wave frequency-doubled Nd:YAGBiBO laser with 2.8-W output power at 473 nm," Opt. Lett.,  28, 432-434 (2003)
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. C. Du, S. Ruan, Y. Yu, and Z. Wang "High-power intracavity second-harmonic generation of 1.34 m in BiB3O6 crystal," Opt. Express 13, 8591-8595 (2005), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-21-8591
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. V. Ruseva, and J. Hald, "Generation of UV light by frequency doubling in BIBO," Opt. Commun. 236, 219-223 (2004)
    [CrossRef]
  11. R.T. White, L.T. Mckinnie, S.D. Butterworth, G.W. Baxter, D.M. Warrington, P.G.R. Smith, G.W. Ross, and D.C. Hanna, "Tunable single-frequency ultraviolet generation from a continuous-wave Ti:sapphire laser with an intracavity PPLN frequency doubler," Appl. Phys. B 77, 547-550 (2003)
    [CrossRef]
  12. P. Tidemand-Lichtenberg, M. Thorhauge, J.L. Mortensen, and P. Buchhave "Intracavity doubling of CW Ti:Sapphire laser to 392.5 nm using BiBO-crystal," presented at CLEO/Europe-EQEC 2005, poster CD-25-MON, Munich, Germany, June 12-17 (2005).
  13. GD. Boyd, and D.A. Kleinmann, "Parametric interaction of focussed Gaussian light beams," J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597-3639 (1968)
    [CrossRef]
  14. P.M. Petersen, and T. Skettrup, Uliner Optik (Polyteknisk Forlag, Lyngby Denmark, 1994)

2005 (1)

2004 (4)

2003 (3)

R.T. White, L.T. Mckinnie, S.D. Butterworth, G.W. Baxter, D.M. Warrington, P.G.R. Smith, G.W. Ross, and D.C. Hanna, "Tunable single-frequency ultraviolet generation from a continuous-wave Ti:sapphire laser with an intracavity PPLN frequency doubler," Appl. Phys. B 77, 547-550 (2003)
[CrossRef]

Z. Wang, C. Du, B. Teng, X. Xu, K. Fu, G. Xu, J. Wan, Z. Shao, and X. Yang, "Diode-laser-array end- pumped 1W CW Nd:YVO4/BIBO green laser," J. Mod. Opt. 50, 1253-1258 (2003)

C. Czeranowsky, E. Heumann, and G. Huber, "All-solid-state continuous-wave frequency-doubled Nd:YAGBiBO laser with 2.8-W output power at 473 nm," Opt. Lett.,  28, 432-434 (2003)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

A. Brenier, I.V. Kityk, and A. Majchrowski, "Evaluation of Nd3+-doped BiB3O6 (BIBO) as a new potential self-frequency conversion laser crystal," Opt. Commun. 203, 125-132 (2002)
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohaty, "Linear optical properties of the monoclinic bismuth borate BiB3O6," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 240-244 (2000)
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohat, "Exceptional large nonlinear optical coefficients in the monoclinic bismuth borate BiB3O6 (BiBO)," Solid State Commun. 109, 249-251 (1999)
[CrossRef]

1968 (1)

GD. Boyd, and D.A. Kleinmann, "Parametric interaction of focussed Gaussian light beams," J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597-3639 (1968)
[CrossRef]

Baxter, G.W.

R.T. White, L.T. Mckinnie, S.D. Butterworth, G.W. Baxter, D.M. Warrington, P.G.R. Smith, G.W. Ross, and D.C. Hanna, "Tunable single-frequency ultraviolet generation from a continuous-wave Ti:sapphire laser with an intracavity PPLN frequency doubler," Appl. Phys. B 77, 547-550 (2003)
[CrossRef]

Bohat, L.

H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohat, "Exceptional large nonlinear optical coefficients in the monoclinic bismuth borate BiB3O6 (BiBO)," Solid State Commun. 109, 249-251 (1999)
[CrossRef]

Bohaty, L.

H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohaty, "Linear optical properties of the monoclinic bismuth borate BiB3O6," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 240-244 (2000)
[CrossRef]

Boyd, GD.

GD. Boyd, and D.A. Kleinmann, "Parametric interaction of focussed Gaussian light beams," J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597-3639 (1968)
[CrossRef]

Brenier, A.

A. Brenier, I.V. Kityk, and A. Majchrowski, "Evaluation of Nd3+-doped BiB3O6 (BIBO) as a new potential self-frequency conversion laser crystal," Opt. Commun. 203, 125-132 (2002)
[CrossRef]

Butterworth, S.D.

R.T. White, L.T. Mckinnie, S.D. Butterworth, G.W. Baxter, D.M. Warrington, P.G.R. Smith, G.W. Ross, and D.C. Hanna, "Tunable single-frequency ultraviolet generation from a continuous-wave Ti:sapphire laser with an intracavity PPLN frequency doubler," Appl. Phys. B 77, 547-550 (2003)
[CrossRef]

Czeranowsky, C.

Du, C.

C. Du, S. Ruan, Y. Yu, and Z. Wang "High-power intracavity second-harmonic generation of 1.34 m in BiB3O6 crystal," Opt. Express 13, 8591-8595 (2005), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-21-8591
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Wang, C. Du, B. Teng, X. Xu, K. Fu, G. Xu, J. Wan, Z. Shao, and X. Yang, "Diode-laser-array end- pumped 1W CW Nd:YVO4/BIBO green laser," J. Mod. Opt. 50, 1253-1258 (2003)

Ebrahim-Zadeh, M.

Fu, K.

Z. Wang, C. Du, B. Teng, X. Xu, K. Fu, G. Xu, J. Wan, Z. Shao, and X. Yang, "Diode-laser-array end- pumped 1W CW Nd:YVO4/BIBO green laser," J. Mod. Opt. 50, 1253-1258 (2003)

Fujita, M.

Ghotbi, M.

Hald, J.

V. Ruseva, and J. Hald, "Generation of UV light by frequency doubling in BIBO," Opt. Commun. 236, 219-223 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Hanna, D.C.

R.T. White, L.T. Mckinnie, S.D. Butterworth, G.W. Baxter, D.M. Warrington, P.G.R. Smith, G.W. Ross, and D.C. Hanna, "Tunable single-frequency ultraviolet generation from a continuous-wave Ti:sapphire laser with an intracavity PPLN frequency doubler," Appl. Phys. B 77, 547-550 (2003)
[CrossRef]

Harimoto, T.

Hellwig, H.

H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohaty, "Linear optical properties of the monoclinic bismuth borate BiB3O6," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 240-244 (2000)
[CrossRef]

H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohat, "Exceptional large nonlinear optical coefficients in the monoclinic bismuth borate BiB3O6 (BiBO)," Solid State Commun. 109, 249-251 (1999)
[CrossRef]

Heumann, E.

Huber, G.

Kityk, I.V.

M. Ghotbi, M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, A. Majchrowski, E. Michalski, and I.V. Kityk, "High-average-power femtosecond pulse generation in the blue using BiB3O6," Opt. Lett. 29, 2530-2532 (2004)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Brenier, I.V. Kityk, and A. Majchrowski, "Evaluation of Nd3+-doped BiB3O6 (BIBO) as a new potential self-frequency conversion laser crystal," Opt. Commun. 203, 125-132 (2002)
[CrossRef]

Kleinmann, D.A.

GD. Boyd, and D.A. Kleinmann, "Parametric interaction of focussed Gaussian light beams," J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597-3639 (1968)
[CrossRef]

Liebertz, J.

H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohaty, "Linear optical properties of the monoclinic bismuth borate BiB3O6," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 240-244 (2000)
[CrossRef]

H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohat, "Exceptional large nonlinear optical coefficients in the monoclinic bismuth borate BiB3O6 (BiBO)," Solid State Commun. 109, 249-251 (1999)
[CrossRef]

Majchrowski, A.

M. Ghotbi, M. Ebrahim-Zadeh, A. Majchrowski, E. Michalski, and I.V. Kityk, "High-average-power femtosecond pulse generation in the blue using BiB3O6," Opt. Lett. 29, 2530-2532 (2004)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Brenier, I.V. Kityk, and A. Majchrowski, "Evaluation of Nd3+-doped BiB3O6 (BIBO) as a new potential self-frequency conversion laser crystal," Opt. Commun. 203, 125-132 (2002)
[CrossRef]

Mckinnie, L.T.

R.T. White, L.T. Mckinnie, S.D. Butterworth, G.W. Baxter, D.M. Warrington, P.G.R. Smith, G.W. Ross, and D.C. Hanna, "Tunable single-frequency ultraviolet generation from a continuous-wave Ti:sapphire laser with an intracavity PPLN frequency doubler," Appl. Phys. B 77, 547-550 (2003)
[CrossRef]

Michalski, E.

Ross, G.W.

R.T. White, L.T. Mckinnie, S.D. Butterworth, G.W. Baxter, D.M. Warrington, P.G.R. Smith, G.W. Ross, and D.C. Hanna, "Tunable single-frequency ultraviolet generation from a continuous-wave Ti:sapphire laser with an intracavity PPLN frequency doubler," Appl. Phys. B 77, 547-550 (2003)
[CrossRef]

Ruan, S.

Ruseva, V.

V. Ruseva, and J. Hald, "Generation of UV light by frequency doubling in BIBO," Opt. Commun. 236, 219-223 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Shao, Z.

Z. Wang, C. Du, B. Teng, X. Xu, K. Fu, G. Xu, J. Wan, Z. Shao, and X. Yang, "Diode-laser-array end- pumped 1W CW Nd:YVO4/BIBO green laser," J. Mod. Opt. 50, 1253-1258 (2003)

Smith, P.G.R.

R.T. White, L.T. Mckinnie, S.D. Butterworth, G.W. Baxter, D.M. Warrington, P.G.R. Smith, G.W. Ross, and D.C. Hanna, "Tunable single-frequency ultraviolet generation from a continuous-wave Ti:sapphire laser with an intracavity PPLN frequency doubler," Appl. Phys. B 77, 547-550 (2003)
[CrossRef]

Takeuchi, Y.

Teng, B.

Z. Wang, C. Du, B. Teng, X. Xu, K. Fu, G. Xu, J. Wan, Z. Shao, and X. Yang, "Diode-laser-array end- pumped 1W CW Nd:YVO4/BIBO green laser," J. Mod. Opt. 50, 1253-1258 (2003)

Wan, J.

Z. Wang, C. Du, B. Teng, X. Xu, K. Fu, G. Xu, J. Wan, Z. Shao, and X. Yang, "Diode-laser-array end- pumped 1W CW Nd:YVO4/BIBO green laser," J. Mod. Opt. 50, 1253-1258 (2003)

Wang, Z.

C. Du, S. Ruan, Y. Yu, and Z. Wang "High-power intracavity second-harmonic generation of 1.34 m in BiB3O6 crystal," Opt. Express 13, 8591-8595 (2005), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-21-8591
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Z. Wang, C. Du, B. Teng, X. Xu, K. Fu, G. Xu, J. Wan, Z. Shao, and X. Yang, "Diode-laser-array end- pumped 1W CW Nd:YVO4/BIBO green laser," J. Mod. Opt. 50, 1253-1258 (2003)

Warrington, D.M.

R.T. White, L.T. Mckinnie, S.D. Butterworth, G.W. Baxter, D.M. Warrington, P.G.R. Smith, G.W. Ross, and D.C. Hanna, "Tunable single-frequency ultraviolet generation from a continuous-wave Ti:sapphire laser with an intracavity PPLN frequency doubler," Appl. Phys. B 77, 547-550 (2003)
[CrossRef]

White, R.T.

R.T. White, L.T. Mckinnie, S.D. Butterworth, G.W. Baxter, D.M. Warrington, P.G.R. Smith, G.W. Ross, and D.C. Hanna, "Tunable single-frequency ultraviolet generation from a continuous-wave Ti:sapphire laser with an intracavity PPLN frequency doubler," Appl. Phys. B 77, 547-550 (2003)
[CrossRef]

Xu, G.

Z. Wang, C. Du, B. Teng, X. Xu, K. Fu, G. Xu, J. Wan, Z. Shao, and X. Yang, "Diode-laser-array end- pumped 1W CW Nd:YVO4/BIBO green laser," J. Mod. Opt. 50, 1253-1258 (2003)

Xu, X.

Z. Wang, C. Du, B. Teng, X. Xu, K. Fu, G. Xu, J. Wan, Z. Shao, and X. Yang, "Diode-laser-array end- pumped 1W CW Nd:YVO4/BIBO green laser," J. Mod. Opt. 50, 1253-1258 (2003)

Yang, X.

Z. Wang, C. Du, B. Teng, X. Xu, K. Fu, G. Xu, J. Wan, Z. Shao, and X. Yang, "Diode-laser-array end- pumped 1W CW Nd:YVO4/BIBO green laser," J. Mod. Opt. 50, 1253-1258 (2003)

Yu, Y.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

R.T. White, L.T. Mckinnie, S.D. Butterworth, G.W. Baxter, D.M. Warrington, P.G.R. Smith, G.W. Ross, and D.C. Hanna, "Tunable single-frequency ultraviolet generation from a continuous-wave Ti:sapphire laser with an intracavity PPLN frequency doubler," Appl. Phys. B 77, 547-550 (2003)
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (2)

GD. Boyd, and D.A. Kleinmann, "Parametric interaction of focussed Gaussian light beams," J. Appl. Phys. 39, 3597-3639 (1968)
[CrossRef]

H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohaty, "Linear optical properties of the monoclinic bismuth borate BiB3O6," J. Appl. Phys. 88, 240-244 (2000)
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

Z. Wang, C. Du, B. Teng, X. Xu, K. Fu, G. Xu, J. Wan, Z. Shao, and X. Yang, "Diode-laser-array end- pumped 1W CW Nd:YVO4/BIBO green laser," J. Mod. Opt. 50, 1253-1258 (2003)

Opt. Commun. (2)

A. Brenier, I.V. Kityk, and A. Majchrowski, "Evaluation of Nd3+-doped BiB3O6 (BIBO) as a new potential self-frequency conversion laser crystal," Opt. Commun. 203, 125-132 (2002)
[CrossRef]

V. Ruseva, and J. Hald, "Generation of UV light by frequency doubling in BIBO," Opt. Commun. 236, 219-223 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (2)

Solid State Commun. (1)

H. Hellwig, J. Liebertz, and L. Bohat, "Exceptional large nonlinear optical coefficients in the monoclinic bismuth borate BiB3O6 (BiBO)," Solid State Commun. 109, 249-251 (1999)
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

P.M. Petersen, and T. Skettrup, Uliner Optik (Polyteknisk Forlag, Lyngby Denmark, 1994)

P. Tidemand-Lichtenberg, M. Thorhauge, J.L. Mortensen, and P. Buchhave "Intracavity doubling of CW Ti:Sapphire laser to 392.5 nm using BiBO-crystal," presented at CLEO/Europe-EQEC 2005, poster CD-25-MON, Munich, Germany, June 12-17 (2005).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Phasematching landscape for crystal 1. z-axis is phase mismatch. Calculations of the refractive indexes were performed using the method described in reference [14], based on Sellmeier equations from reference [2]; coordinate system as defined in references [3, 8].

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Set-up.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Left: Temperature scan for 785 nm doubling process, optimised at 23 C. Right: Temperature scan for 810 nm doubling process, optimised at 38 C.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Slope efficiency plot of the blue SHG output against pump power – as selected on the pump laser power supply. Solid line is trend line.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Wavelength tunability of the generated blue light utilising crystal 1. The limits to tunability is set to where the output has dropped below one-third of peak value.

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. θ and ϕ are phasematch angles at λSHG . ρ is the theoretical walk-off angle. Theoretical phasematch temperature for both crystals are 23 C.

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