Abstract

We have demonstrated highly efficient Laguerre Gaussian beam generation by using a ring self-pumped phase conjugate mirror in the pico-second regime for the first time. The phase conjugate reflectivity was typically ~55%. We have also investigated the conservation of optical angular momentum.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular-momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys Rev A 45, 8185–8189 (1992).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. M. J. Padgett and L. Allen, “The Poynting vector in Laguerre-Gaussian modes,” Opt. Commun. 121, 36–40 (1995).
    [Crossref]
  3. A. T. O’Neil, I. MacVicar, L. Allen, and M. J. Padgett, “Intrinsic and extrinsic nature of the orbital angular momentum of a light beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 053601-1-4 (2002).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  4. M. P. MacDonald, K. Volke-Sepulveda, L. Paterson, J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, “Revolving interference patterns for the rotation of optically trapped particles,” Opt. Commun. 201, 21–28 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  5. L. Paterson, M. P. MacDonald, J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, P. E. Bryant, and K. Dholakia, “Controlled rotation of optically trapped microscopic particles,” Science 292, 912–914 (2001).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. K. Bezuhanov, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, M. G. Schatzel, and H. Walther, “Vortices in femtosecond laser fields,” Opt. Lett. 15, 1942–1944 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  7. I. G. Mariyenko, J. Strohaber, and C. J. G. J. Uiterwaal, “Creation of optical vortices in femtosecond pulses,” Opt. Express 13, 7599–7608 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. T. Omatsu, T. Imaizumi, M. Amano, Y. Ojima, K. Watanabe, and M. Goto, “Multi-watt diffraction-limited picosecond pulses from a diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 amplifier with a photorefractive phase conjugate mirror,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 5, S467–S470 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  9. T. Imaizumi, M. Goto, Y. Ojuma, and T. Omatsu, “Characterization of a pico-second phase conjugate Nd:YVO4 laser system,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 2515–2518 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  10. Y. Ojima, K. Nawata, and T. Omatsu, “Over 10-watt pico-second diffraction-limeted output from a Nd:YVO4 slab amplifier with a phase conjugate mirror,” Opt. Express 13, 8993–8998 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. P . Yeh , Introduction to Photorefractive Nonlinear Optics (John Wiley & Sons, New York,1993), Chap. 6.
  12. S. A. Korol’kov, Yu. S. Kuzminov, A. V. Mamaev, V. V. Shkunov, and A. A. Zozulya, “Spatial structure of scattered radiation in a self-pumped photorefractive passive ring mirror,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 9, 664–671 (1992).
    [Crossref]
  13. M. J. Damzen, Y. Matsumoto, G. J. Crofts, and R. P. M. Green, “Bragg-selectivity of a volume gain grating,” Opt. Commun. 123, 182–188 (1996).
    [Crossref]
  14. V. Yu. Bazhenov, M. S. Soskin, and M. V. Vasnetsov, “Screw dislocations in light wavefronts,” J. Mod. Opt. 39, 985 – 990 (1992).
    [Crossref]

2005 (2)

2004 (2)

K. Bezuhanov, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, M. G. Schatzel, and H. Walther, “Vortices in femtosecond laser fields,” Opt. Lett. 15, 1942–1944 (2004).
[Crossref]

T. Imaizumi, M. Goto, Y. Ojuma, and T. Omatsu, “Characterization of a pico-second phase conjugate Nd:YVO4 laser system,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 2515–2518 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (1)

T. Omatsu, T. Imaizumi, M. Amano, Y. Ojima, K. Watanabe, and M. Goto, “Multi-watt diffraction-limited picosecond pulses from a diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 amplifier with a photorefractive phase conjugate mirror,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 5, S467–S470 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (2)

A. T. O’Neil, I. MacVicar, L. Allen, and M. J. Padgett, “Intrinsic and extrinsic nature of the orbital angular momentum of a light beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 053601-1-4 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. P. MacDonald, K. Volke-Sepulveda, L. Paterson, J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, “Revolving interference patterns for the rotation of optically trapped particles,” Opt. Commun. 201, 21–28 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (1)

L. Paterson, M. P. MacDonald, J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, P. E. Bryant, and K. Dholakia, “Controlled rotation of optically trapped microscopic particles,” Science 292, 912–914 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1996 (1)

M. J. Damzen, Y. Matsumoto, G. J. Crofts, and R. P. M. Green, “Bragg-selectivity of a volume gain grating,” Opt. Commun. 123, 182–188 (1996).
[Crossref]

1995 (1)

M. J. Padgett and L. Allen, “The Poynting vector in Laguerre-Gaussian modes,” Opt. Commun. 121, 36–40 (1995).
[Crossref]

1992 (3)

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular-momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys Rev A 45, 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Yu. Bazhenov, M. S. Soskin, and M. V. Vasnetsov, “Screw dislocations in light wavefronts,” J. Mod. Opt. 39, 985 – 990 (1992).
[Crossref]

S. A. Korol’kov, Yu. S. Kuzminov, A. V. Mamaev, V. V. Shkunov, and A. A. Zozulya, “Spatial structure of scattered radiation in a self-pumped photorefractive passive ring mirror,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 9, 664–671 (1992).
[Crossref]

Allen, L.

A. T. O’Neil, I. MacVicar, L. Allen, and M. J. Padgett, “Intrinsic and extrinsic nature of the orbital angular momentum of a light beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 053601-1-4 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. J. Padgett and L. Allen, “The Poynting vector in Laguerre-Gaussian modes,” Opt. Commun. 121, 36–40 (1995).
[Crossref]

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular-momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys Rev A 45, 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Amano, M.

T. Omatsu, T. Imaizumi, M. Amano, Y. Ojima, K. Watanabe, and M. Goto, “Multi-watt diffraction-limited picosecond pulses from a diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 amplifier with a photorefractive phase conjugate mirror,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 5, S467–S470 (2003).
[Crossref]

Arlt, J.

M. P. MacDonald, K. Volke-Sepulveda, L. Paterson, J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, “Revolving interference patterns for the rotation of optically trapped particles,” Opt. Commun. 201, 21–28 (2002).
[Crossref]

L. Paterson, M. P. MacDonald, J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, P. E. Bryant, and K. Dholakia, “Controlled rotation of optically trapped microscopic particles,” Science 292, 912–914 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bazhenov, V. Yu.

V. Yu. Bazhenov, M. S. Soskin, and M. V. Vasnetsov, “Screw dislocations in light wavefronts,” J. Mod. Opt. 39, 985 – 990 (1992).
[Crossref]

Beijersbergen, M. W.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular-momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys Rev A 45, 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bezuhanov, K.

K. Bezuhanov, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, M. G. Schatzel, and H. Walther, “Vortices in femtosecond laser fields,” Opt. Lett. 15, 1942–1944 (2004).
[Crossref]

Bryant, P. E.

L. Paterson, M. P. MacDonald, J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, P. E. Bryant, and K. Dholakia, “Controlled rotation of optically trapped microscopic particles,” Science 292, 912–914 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Crofts, G. J.

M. J. Damzen, Y. Matsumoto, G. J. Crofts, and R. P. M. Green, “Bragg-selectivity of a volume gain grating,” Opt. Commun. 123, 182–188 (1996).
[Crossref]

Damzen, M. J.

M. J. Damzen, Y. Matsumoto, G. J. Crofts, and R. P. M. Green, “Bragg-selectivity of a volume gain grating,” Opt. Commun. 123, 182–188 (1996).
[Crossref]

Dholakia, K.

M. P. MacDonald, K. Volke-Sepulveda, L. Paterson, J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, “Revolving interference patterns for the rotation of optically trapped particles,” Opt. Commun. 201, 21–28 (2002).
[Crossref]

L. Paterson, M. P. MacDonald, J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, P. E. Bryant, and K. Dholakia, “Controlled rotation of optically trapped microscopic particles,” Science 292, 912–914 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Dreischuh, A.

K. Bezuhanov, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, M. G. Schatzel, and H. Walther, “Vortices in femtosecond laser fields,” Opt. Lett. 15, 1942–1944 (2004).
[Crossref]

Goto, M.

T. Imaizumi, M. Goto, Y. Ojuma, and T. Omatsu, “Characterization of a pico-second phase conjugate Nd:YVO4 laser system,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 2515–2518 (2004).
[Crossref]

T. Omatsu, T. Imaizumi, M. Amano, Y. Ojima, K. Watanabe, and M. Goto, “Multi-watt diffraction-limited picosecond pulses from a diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 amplifier with a photorefractive phase conjugate mirror,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 5, S467–S470 (2003).
[Crossref]

Green, R. P. M.

M. J. Damzen, Y. Matsumoto, G. J. Crofts, and R. P. M. Green, “Bragg-selectivity of a volume gain grating,” Opt. Commun. 123, 182–188 (1996).
[Crossref]

Imaizumi, T.

T. Imaizumi, M. Goto, Y. Ojuma, and T. Omatsu, “Characterization of a pico-second phase conjugate Nd:YVO4 laser system,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 2515–2518 (2004).
[Crossref]

T. Omatsu, T. Imaizumi, M. Amano, Y. Ojima, K. Watanabe, and M. Goto, “Multi-watt diffraction-limited picosecond pulses from a diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 amplifier with a photorefractive phase conjugate mirror,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 5, S467–S470 (2003).
[Crossref]

Korol’kov, S. A.

S. A. Korol’kov, Yu. S. Kuzminov, A. V. Mamaev, V. V. Shkunov, and A. A. Zozulya, “Spatial structure of scattered radiation in a self-pumped photorefractive passive ring mirror,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 9, 664–671 (1992).
[Crossref]

Kuzminov, Yu. S.

S. A. Korol’kov, Yu. S. Kuzminov, A. V. Mamaev, V. V. Shkunov, and A. A. Zozulya, “Spatial structure of scattered radiation in a self-pumped photorefractive passive ring mirror,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 9, 664–671 (1992).
[Crossref]

MacDonald, M. P.

M. P. MacDonald, K. Volke-Sepulveda, L. Paterson, J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, “Revolving interference patterns for the rotation of optically trapped particles,” Opt. Commun. 201, 21–28 (2002).
[Crossref]

L. Paterson, M. P. MacDonald, J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, P. E. Bryant, and K. Dholakia, “Controlled rotation of optically trapped microscopic particles,” Science 292, 912–914 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

MacVicar, I.

A. T. O’Neil, I. MacVicar, L. Allen, and M. J. Padgett, “Intrinsic and extrinsic nature of the orbital angular momentum of a light beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 053601-1-4 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mamaev, A. V.

S. A. Korol’kov, Yu. S. Kuzminov, A. V. Mamaev, V. V. Shkunov, and A. A. Zozulya, “Spatial structure of scattered radiation in a self-pumped photorefractive passive ring mirror,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 9, 664–671 (1992).
[Crossref]

Mariyenko, I. G.

Matsumoto, Y.

M. J. Damzen, Y. Matsumoto, G. J. Crofts, and R. P. M. Green, “Bragg-selectivity of a volume gain grating,” Opt. Commun. 123, 182–188 (1996).
[Crossref]

Nawata, K.

O’Neil, A. T.

A. T. O’Neil, I. MacVicar, L. Allen, and M. J. Padgett, “Intrinsic and extrinsic nature of the orbital angular momentum of a light beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 053601-1-4 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ojima, Y.

Y. Ojima, K. Nawata, and T. Omatsu, “Over 10-watt pico-second diffraction-limeted output from a Nd:YVO4 slab amplifier with a phase conjugate mirror,” Opt. Express 13, 8993–8998 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Omatsu, T. Imaizumi, M. Amano, Y. Ojima, K. Watanabe, and M. Goto, “Multi-watt diffraction-limited picosecond pulses from a diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 amplifier with a photorefractive phase conjugate mirror,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 5, S467–S470 (2003).
[Crossref]

Ojuma, Y.

T. Imaizumi, M. Goto, Y. Ojuma, and T. Omatsu, “Characterization of a pico-second phase conjugate Nd:YVO4 laser system,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 2515–2518 (2004).
[Crossref]

Omatsu, T.

Y. Ojima, K. Nawata, and T. Omatsu, “Over 10-watt pico-second diffraction-limeted output from a Nd:YVO4 slab amplifier with a phase conjugate mirror,” Opt. Express 13, 8993–8998 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

T. Imaizumi, M. Goto, Y. Ojuma, and T. Omatsu, “Characterization of a pico-second phase conjugate Nd:YVO4 laser system,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 2515–2518 (2004).
[Crossref]

T. Omatsu, T. Imaizumi, M. Amano, Y. Ojima, K. Watanabe, and M. Goto, “Multi-watt diffraction-limited picosecond pulses from a diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 amplifier with a photorefractive phase conjugate mirror,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 5, S467–S470 (2003).
[Crossref]

Padgett, M. J.

A. T. O’Neil, I. MacVicar, L. Allen, and M. J. Padgett, “Intrinsic and extrinsic nature of the orbital angular momentum of a light beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 053601-1-4 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. J. Padgett and L. Allen, “The Poynting vector in Laguerre-Gaussian modes,” Opt. Commun. 121, 36–40 (1995).
[Crossref]

Paterson, L.

M. P. MacDonald, K. Volke-Sepulveda, L. Paterson, J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, “Revolving interference patterns for the rotation of optically trapped particles,” Opt. Commun. 201, 21–28 (2002).
[Crossref]

L. Paterson, M. P. MacDonald, J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, P. E. Bryant, and K. Dholakia, “Controlled rotation of optically trapped microscopic particles,” Science 292, 912–914 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Paulus, G. G.

K. Bezuhanov, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, M. G. Schatzel, and H. Walther, “Vortices in femtosecond laser fields,” Opt. Lett. 15, 1942–1944 (2004).
[Crossref]

Schatzel, M. G.

K. Bezuhanov, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, M. G. Schatzel, and H. Walther, “Vortices in femtosecond laser fields,” Opt. Lett. 15, 1942–1944 (2004).
[Crossref]

Shkunov, V. V.

S. A. Korol’kov, Yu. S. Kuzminov, A. V. Mamaev, V. V. Shkunov, and A. A. Zozulya, “Spatial structure of scattered radiation in a self-pumped photorefractive passive ring mirror,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 9, 664–671 (1992).
[Crossref]

Sibbett, W.

M. P. MacDonald, K. Volke-Sepulveda, L. Paterson, J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, “Revolving interference patterns for the rotation of optically trapped particles,” Opt. Commun. 201, 21–28 (2002).
[Crossref]

L. Paterson, M. P. MacDonald, J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, P. E. Bryant, and K. Dholakia, “Controlled rotation of optically trapped microscopic particles,” Science 292, 912–914 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Soskin, M. S.

V. Yu. Bazhenov, M. S. Soskin, and M. V. Vasnetsov, “Screw dislocations in light wavefronts,” J. Mod. Opt. 39, 985 – 990 (1992).
[Crossref]

Spreeuw, R. J. C.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular-momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys Rev A 45, 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Strohaber, J.

Uiterwaal, C. J. G. J.

Vasnetsov, M. V.

V. Yu. Bazhenov, M. S. Soskin, and M. V. Vasnetsov, “Screw dislocations in light wavefronts,” J. Mod. Opt. 39, 985 – 990 (1992).
[Crossref]

Volke-Sepulveda, K.

M. P. MacDonald, K. Volke-Sepulveda, L. Paterson, J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, “Revolving interference patterns for the rotation of optically trapped particles,” Opt. Commun. 201, 21–28 (2002).
[Crossref]

Walther, H.

K. Bezuhanov, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, M. G. Schatzel, and H. Walther, “Vortices in femtosecond laser fields,” Opt. Lett. 15, 1942–1944 (2004).
[Crossref]

Watanabe, K.

T. Omatsu, T. Imaizumi, M. Amano, Y. Ojima, K. Watanabe, and M. Goto, “Multi-watt diffraction-limited picosecond pulses from a diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 amplifier with a photorefractive phase conjugate mirror,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 5, S467–S470 (2003).
[Crossref]

Woerdman, J. P.

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular-momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys Rev A 45, 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Yeh, P .

P . Yeh , Introduction to Photorefractive Nonlinear Optics (John Wiley & Sons, New York,1993), Chap. 6.

Zozulya, A. A.

S. A. Korol’kov, Yu. S. Kuzminov, A. V. Mamaev, V. V. Shkunov, and A. A. Zozulya, “Spatial structure of scattered radiation in a self-pumped photorefractive passive ring mirror,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 9, 664–671 (1992).
[Crossref]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

V. Yu. Bazhenov, M. S. Soskin, and M. V. Vasnetsov, “Screw dislocations in light wavefronts,” J. Mod. Opt. 39, 985 – 990 (1992).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

T. Omatsu, T. Imaizumi, M. Amano, Y. Ojima, K. Watanabe, and M. Goto, “Multi-watt diffraction-limited picosecond pulses from a diode-pumped Nd:YVO4 amplifier with a photorefractive phase conjugate mirror,” J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 5, S467–S470 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. (1)

S. A. Korol’kov, Yu. S. Kuzminov, A. V. Mamaev, V. V. Shkunov, and A. A. Zozulya, “Spatial structure of scattered radiation in a self-pumped photorefractive passive ring mirror,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B. 9, 664–671 (1992).
[Crossref]

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

T. Imaizumi, M. Goto, Y. Ojuma, and T. Omatsu, “Characterization of a pico-second phase conjugate Nd:YVO4 laser system,” Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 2515–2518 (2004).
[Crossref]

Opt. Commun. (3)

M. J. Padgett and L. Allen, “The Poynting vector in Laguerre-Gaussian modes,” Opt. Commun. 121, 36–40 (1995).
[Crossref]

M. P. MacDonald, K. Volke-Sepulveda, L. Paterson, J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, and K. Dholakia, “Revolving interference patterns for the rotation of optically trapped particles,” Opt. Commun. 201, 21–28 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. J. Damzen, Y. Matsumoto, G. J. Crofts, and R. P. M. Green, “Bragg-selectivity of a volume gain grating,” Opt. Commun. 123, 182–188 (1996).
[Crossref]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (1)

K. Bezuhanov, A. Dreischuh, G. G. Paulus, M. G. Schatzel, and H. Walther, “Vortices in femtosecond laser fields,” Opt. Lett. 15, 1942–1944 (2004).
[Crossref]

Phys Rev A (1)

L. Allen, M. W. Beijersbergen, R. J. C. Spreeuw, and J. P. Woerdman, “Orbital angular-momentum of light and the transformation of Laguerre-Gaussian laser modes,” Phys Rev A 45, 8185–8189 (1992).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

A. T. O’Neil, I. MacVicar, L. Allen, and M. J. Padgett, “Intrinsic and extrinsic nature of the orbital angular momentum of a light beam,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 053601-1-4 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Science (1)

L. Paterson, M. P. MacDonald, J. Arlt, W. Sibbett, P. E. Bryant, and K. Dholakia, “Controlled rotation of optically trapped microscopic particles,” Science 292, 912–914 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (1)

P . Yeh , Introduction to Photorefractive Nonlinear Optics (John Wiley & Sons, New York,1993), Chap. 6.

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Experimental geometry of the ring self-pumped phase-conjugator. SLM, spatial light modulator; HWP, half wave plate; PBS, polarized beam splitter; H.M, half mirror; L1, L2, spherical lenses(focal length 200 mm).

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(b). Computer generated black and white patterns for 1=1 (left) and 1=2

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Probe light of LG beam and phase conjugation with dove prism, (b) Conservation of topological charge, and (c) phase conjugation without dove prism at l=1.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Probe light of LG beam and phase conjugation with dove prism and (b) Conservation of topological charge at l=2.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Phase conjugation reflectivity at l=1 and l=2.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Intensity autocorrelation traces of the probe pulse (red) and phase conjugation pulse (blue).

Equations (1)

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Δλ = ( 2 κ ʌ 2 n π ) cos θ b

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