Abstract

We report on the first experimental measurement of the spectral broadening of the harmonic emission associated with only the long electron quantum paths as a function of the driving pulse intensity. For such measurements we have estimated the chirp coefficient associated with the long quantum paths, within the strong-field approximation. This coefficient describes how the harmonic phase depends on the intensity of the driving laser field. The dependence of the chirp coefficient on the driving pulse intensity and on the harmonic order, which strongly influence the characteristics of the harmonic radiation, has been experimentally investigated. The experimental values turn out to be in excellent agreement with the results of numerical simulations based on the use of the nonadiabatic saddle-point method.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article
Related Articles
Control of quantum paths in the multicycle regime and efficient broadband attosecond pulse generation

Weiyi Hong, Yuhua Li, Peixiang Lu, Pengfei Lan, Qingbin Zhang, and Xinbing Wang
J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 25(10) 1684-1689 (2008)

Quantum path selection in high-harmonic generation by a phase-locked two-color field

N. Ishii, A. Kosuge, T. Hayashi, T. Kanai, J. Itatani, S. Adachi, and S. Watanabe
Opt. Express 16(25) 20876-20883 (2008)

Characterizing isolated attosecond pulses from hollow-core waveguides using multi-cycle driving pulses

I. Thomann, A. Bahabad, X. Liu, R. Trebino, M. M. Murnane, and H. C. Kapteyn
Opt. Express 17(6) 4611-4633 (2009)

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. E.A. Gibson, A. Paul, N. Wagner, R. Tobey, D. Gaudiosi, S. Backus, I.P. Christov, A. Aquila, E.M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, M.M. Murnane, and H.C. Kapteyn, “Coherent soft X-ray generation in the water window with quasi-phase matching,” Science 302, 95–98 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  2. A. L’Huillier, D. Descamps, A. Johansson, J. Norin, J. Mauritsson, and C.-G. WahlstrÖm, “Applications of high-order harmonics,” Eur. Phys. J. D 26, 91–98 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  3. P. Agostini and L.F. DiMauro, “The physics of attosecond light pulses,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 67, 813–855 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  4. I.P. Christov, M.M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, “High-harmonic generation of attosecond pulses in the “single-cycle” regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1251–1254 (1997).
    [Crossref]
  5. J. Itatani, F. Quéré, G.L. Yudin, M.Yu. Ivanov, F. Krausz, and P.B. Corkum, “Attosecond streak camera,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173903-1-4 (2002).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  6. R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuška, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. West-erwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature (London) 427, 817–821 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  7. E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, R. Kienberger, A. Baltusška, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Direct measurement of light waves,” Science 305, 1267–1269 (2004).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  8. P.M. Paul, E.S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Aug>, Ph. Balcou, H.G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science 292, 1689–1692 (2001).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. H.G. Muller, “Reconstruction of attosecond harmonic beating by interference of two-photon transitions,” Appl. Phys. B 74, S17–S21 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  10. V. Véniard, R. Taïeb, and A. Maquet,“Phase dependence of (N + 1)-color (N > 1) ir-uv photoionization of atoms with higher harmonics,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 721–728 (1996).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  11. P. Tzallas, D. Charalambidis, N.A. Papadogiannis, K. Witte, and G.D. Tsakiris, “Direct observation of attosecond light bunching,” Nature (London) 426, 267–271 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  12. P. Saliéres, B. Carré, L.Le Déroff, F. Grasbon, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Kopold, W. Becker, D.B. Milošsević, A. Sanpera, and M. Lewenstein, “Feynman’s path-integral approach for intense-laser-atom interactions,” Science 292, 902–905 (2001).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  13. M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M.Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P.B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117–2132 (1994).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. M. Lewenstein, P. Saliéres, and A. L’Huillier, “Phase of the atomic polarization in high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 4747–4754 (1995).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  15. P. Antoine, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Attosecond pulse trains using highorder harmonics,”Phys. Rev. Lett. 77,, 1234–1237 (1996).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  16. M.B. Gaarde and K.J. Schafer, “Space-time considerations in the phase locking of high harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 213901 (2002).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. C. Lyngå, M.B. Gaarde, C. Delfin, M. Bellini, T.W. Hänsch, A. L’Huillier, and C.-G. WahlstrÖm, “Temporal coherence of high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. A 60, 4823–4830 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  18. M.B. Gaarde and K.J. Schafer, “Quantum path distributions for high-order harmonics in rare gas atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 031406(R)-1-4 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  19. Y. Mairesse, O. Gobert, P. Breger, H. Merdji, P. Meynadier, P. Monchicourt, M. Perdrix, P. Saliéres, and B. Carré, “High harmonic XUV spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 173903-1-4 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  20. G. Sansone, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, and M. Nisoli, “Nonadiabatic quantum path analysis of high-order harmonic generation: role of the carrier-envelope phase on short and long paths,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 013411-1-10 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  21. M. Bellini, C. Lyngå, A. Tozzi, M.B. Gaarde, T.W. Hänsch, A. L’Huillier, and C.-G. WahlstrÖm, “Temporal coherence of ultrashort high-order harmonic pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 297–300 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  22. L. Poletto, S. Bonora, M. Pascolini, and P. Villoresi, “Instrumentation for analysis and utilization of extreme-ultraviolet and soft x-ray high-order harmonics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 4413–4418 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  23. G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, J-P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, S.De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Measurement of Harmonic Phase Differences by Interference of Attosecond Light Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 193903-1-4 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  24. P. Saliéres, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Coherence Control of High-Order Harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3776–3779 (1995).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. M.B. Gaarde, F. Salin, E. Constant, Ph. Balcou, K.J. Schafer, K.C. Kulander, and A. L’Huillier, “Spatiotemporal separation of high harmonic radiation into two quantum path components,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 1367–1373 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  26. S.C. Pinault and M.J. Potasek, “Frequency broadening by self-phase modulation in optical fibers,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 2, 1318–1319 (1985).
    [Crossref]

2005 (2)

Y. Mairesse, O. Gobert, P. Breger, H. Merdji, P. Meynadier, P. Monchicourt, M. Perdrix, P. Saliéres, and B. Carré, “High harmonic XUV spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 173903-1-4 (2005).
[Crossref]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, J-P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, S.De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Measurement of Harmonic Phase Differences by Interference of Attosecond Light Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 193903-1-4 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (5)

G. Sansone, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, and M. Nisoli, “Nonadiabatic quantum path analysis of high-order harmonic generation: role of the carrier-envelope phase on short and long paths,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 013411-1-10 (2004).
[Crossref]

L. Poletto, S. Bonora, M. Pascolini, and P. Villoresi, “Instrumentation for analysis and utilization of extreme-ultraviolet and soft x-ray high-order harmonics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 4413–4418 (2004).
[Crossref]

P. Agostini and L.F. DiMauro, “The physics of attosecond light pulses,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 67, 813–855 (2004).
[Crossref]

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuška, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. West-erwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature (London) 427, 817–821 (2004).
[Crossref]

E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, R. Kienberger, A. Baltusška, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Direct measurement of light waves,” Science 305, 1267–1269 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2003 (3)

E.A. Gibson, A. Paul, N. Wagner, R. Tobey, D. Gaudiosi, S. Backus, I.P. Christov, A. Aquila, E.M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, M.M. Murnane, and H.C. Kapteyn, “Coherent soft X-ray generation in the water window with quasi-phase matching,” Science 302, 95–98 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. L’Huillier, D. Descamps, A. Johansson, J. Norin, J. Mauritsson, and C.-G. WahlstrÖm, “Applications of high-order harmonics,” Eur. Phys. J. D 26, 91–98 (2003).
[Crossref]

P. Tzallas, D. Charalambidis, N.A. Papadogiannis, K. Witte, and G.D. Tsakiris, “Direct observation of attosecond light bunching,” Nature (London) 426, 267–271 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (4)

J. Itatani, F. Quéré, G.L. Yudin, M.Yu. Ivanov, F. Krausz, and P.B. Corkum, “Attosecond streak camera,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173903-1-4 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M.B. Gaarde and K.J. Schafer, “Space-time considerations in the phase locking of high harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 213901 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M.B. Gaarde and K.J. Schafer, “Quantum path distributions for high-order harmonics in rare gas atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 031406(R)-1-4 (2002).
[Crossref]

H.G. Muller, “Reconstruction of attosecond harmonic beating by interference of two-photon transitions,” Appl. Phys. B 74, S17–S21 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (2)

P.M. Paul, E.S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Aug>, Ph. Balcou, H.G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science 292, 1689–1692 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Saliéres, B. Carré, L.Le Déroff, F. Grasbon, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Kopold, W. Becker, D.B. Milošsević, A. Sanpera, and M. Lewenstein, “Feynman’s path-integral approach for intense-laser-atom interactions,” Science 292, 902–905 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1999 (2)

C. Lyngå, M.B. Gaarde, C. Delfin, M. Bellini, T.W. Hänsch, A. L’Huillier, and C.-G. WahlstrÖm, “Temporal coherence of high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. A 60, 4823–4830 (1999).
[Crossref]

M.B. Gaarde, F. Salin, E. Constant, Ph. Balcou, K.J. Schafer, K.C. Kulander, and A. L’Huillier, “Spatiotemporal separation of high harmonic radiation into two quantum path components,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 1367–1373 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

M. Bellini, C. Lyngå, A. Tozzi, M.B. Gaarde, T.W. Hänsch, A. L’Huillier, and C.-G. WahlstrÖm, “Temporal coherence of ultrashort high-order harmonic pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 297–300 (1998).
[Crossref]

1997 (1)

I.P. Christov, M.M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, “High-harmonic generation of attosecond pulses in the “single-cycle” regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1251–1254 (1997).
[Crossref]

1996 (2)

V. Véniard, R. Taïeb, and A. Maquet,“Phase dependence of (N + 1)-color (N > 1) ir-uv photoionization of atoms with higher harmonics,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 721–728 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Antoine, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Attosecond pulse trains using highorder harmonics,”Phys. Rev. Lett. 77,, 1234–1237 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1995 (2)

M. Lewenstein, P. Saliéres, and A. L’Huillier, “Phase of the atomic polarization in high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 4747–4754 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Saliéres, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Coherence Control of High-Order Harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3776–3779 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1994 (1)

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M.Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P.B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117–2132 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1985 (1)

Agostini, P.

P. Agostini and L.F. DiMauro, “The physics of attosecond light pulses,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 67, 813–855 (2004).
[Crossref]

P.M. Paul, E.S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Aug>, Ph. Balcou, H.G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science 292, 1689–1692 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Antoine, P.

P. Antoine, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Attosecond pulse trains using highorder harmonics,”Phys. Rev. Lett. 77,, 1234–1237 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aquila, A.

E.A. Gibson, A. Paul, N. Wagner, R. Tobey, D. Gaudiosi, S. Backus, I.P. Christov, A. Aquila, E.M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, M.M. Murnane, and H.C. Kapteyn, “Coherent soft X-ray generation in the water window with quasi-phase matching,” Science 302, 95–98 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Attwood, D. T.

E.A. Gibson, A. Paul, N. Wagner, R. Tobey, D. Gaudiosi, S. Backus, I.P. Christov, A. Aquila, E.M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, M.M. Murnane, and H.C. Kapteyn, “Coherent soft X-ray generation in the water window with quasi-phase matching,” Science 302, 95–98 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Aug>, F.

P.M. Paul, E.S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Aug>, Ph. Balcou, H.G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science 292, 1689–1692 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Backus, S.

E.A. Gibson, A. Paul, N. Wagner, R. Tobey, D. Gaudiosi, S. Backus, I.P. Christov, A. Aquila, E.M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, M.M. Murnane, and H.C. Kapteyn, “Coherent soft X-ray generation in the water window with quasi-phase matching,” Science 302, 95–98 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Balcou, Ph.

P.M. Paul, E.S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Aug>, Ph. Balcou, H.G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science 292, 1689–1692 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M.B. Gaarde, F. Salin, E. Constant, Ph. Balcou, K.J. Schafer, K.C. Kulander, and A. L’Huillier, “Spatiotemporal separation of high harmonic radiation into two quantum path components,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 1367–1373 (1999).
[Crossref]

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M.Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P.B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117–2132 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Baltuška, A.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuška, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. West-erwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature (London) 427, 817–821 (2004).
[Crossref]

Baltusška, A.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, R. Kienberger, A. Baltusška, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Direct measurement of light waves,” Science 305, 1267–1269 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bammer, F.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuška, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. West-erwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature (London) 427, 817–821 (2004).
[Crossref]

Becker, W.

P. Saliéres, B. Carré, L.Le Déroff, F. Grasbon, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Kopold, W. Becker, D.B. Milošsević, A. Sanpera, and M. Lewenstein, “Feynman’s path-integral approach for intense-laser-atom interactions,” Science 292, 902–905 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bellini, M.

C. Lyngå, M.B. Gaarde, C. Delfin, M. Bellini, T.W. Hänsch, A. L’Huillier, and C.-G. WahlstrÖm, “Temporal coherence of high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. A 60, 4823–4830 (1999).
[Crossref]

M. Bellini, C. Lyngå, A. Tozzi, M.B. Gaarde, T.W. Hänsch, A. L’Huillier, and C.-G. WahlstrÖm, “Temporal coherence of ultrashort high-order harmonic pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 297–300 (1998).
[Crossref]

Benedetti, E.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, J-P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, S.De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Measurement of Harmonic Phase Differences by Interference of Attosecond Light Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 193903-1-4 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Bonora, S.

L. Poletto, S. Bonora, M. Pascolini, and P. Villoresi, “Instrumentation for analysis and utilization of extreme-ultraviolet and soft x-ray high-order harmonics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 4413–4418 (2004).
[Crossref]

Breger, P.

Y. Mairesse, O. Gobert, P. Breger, H. Merdji, P. Meynadier, P. Monchicourt, M. Perdrix, P. Saliéres, and B. Carré, “High harmonic XUV spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 173903-1-4 (2005).
[Crossref]

P.M. Paul, E.S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Aug>, Ph. Balcou, H.G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science 292, 1689–1692 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Carré, B.

Y. Mairesse, O. Gobert, P. Breger, H. Merdji, P. Meynadier, P. Monchicourt, M. Perdrix, P. Saliéres, and B. Carré, “High harmonic XUV spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 173903-1-4 (2005).
[Crossref]

P. Saliéres, B. Carré, L.Le Déroff, F. Grasbon, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Kopold, W. Becker, D.B. Milošsević, A. Sanpera, and M. Lewenstein, “Feynman’s path-integral approach for intense-laser-atom interactions,” Science 292, 902–905 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Caumes, J-P.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, J-P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, S.De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Measurement of Harmonic Phase Differences by Interference of Attosecond Light Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 193903-1-4 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Charalambidis, D.

P. Tzallas, D. Charalambidis, N.A. Papadogiannis, K. Witte, and G.D. Tsakiris, “Direct observation of attosecond light bunching,” Nature (London) 426, 267–271 (2003).
[Crossref]

Christov, I.P.

E.A. Gibson, A. Paul, N. Wagner, R. Tobey, D. Gaudiosi, S. Backus, I.P. Christov, A. Aquila, E.M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, M.M. Murnane, and H.C. Kapteyn, “Coherent soft X-ray generation in the water window with quasi-phase matching,” Science 302, 95–98 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I.P. Christov, M.M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, “High-harmonic generation of attosecond pulses in the “single-cycle” regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1251–1254 (1997).
[Crossref]

Constant, E.

M.B. Gaarde, F. Salin, E. Constant, Ph. Balcou, K.J. Schafer, K.C. Kulander, and A. L’Huillier, “Spatiotemporal separation of high harmonic radiation into two quantum path components,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 1367–1373 (1999).
[Crossref]

Corkum, P.B.

J. Itatani, F. Quéré, G.L. Yudin, M.Yu. Ivanov, F. Krausz, and P.B. Corkum, “Attosecond streak camera,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173903-1-4 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M.Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P.B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117–2132 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Delfin, C.

C. Lyngå, M.B. Gaarde, C. Delfin, M. Bellini, T.W. Hänsch, A. L’Huillier, and C.-G. WahlstrÖm, “Temporal coherence of high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. A 60, 4823–4830 (1999).
[Crossref]

Déroff, L.Le

P. Saliéres, B. Carré, L.Le Déroff, F. Grasbon, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Kopold, W. Becker, D.B. Milošsević, A. Sanpera, and M. Lewenstein, “Feynman’s path-integral approach for intense-laser-atom interactions,” Science 292, 902–905 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Descamps, D.

A. L’Huillier, D. Descamps, A. Johansson, J. Norin, J. Mauritsson, and C.-G. WahlstrÖm, “Applications of high-order harmonics,” Eur. Phys. J. D 26, 91–98 (2003).
[Crossref]

DiMauro, L.F.

P. Agostini and L.F. DiMauro, “The physics of attosecond light pulses,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 67, 813–855 (2004).
[Crossref]

Drescher, M.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, R. Kienberger, A. Baltusška, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Direct measurement of light waves,” Science 305, 1267–1269 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuška, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. West-erwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature (London) 427, 817–821 (2004).
[Crossref]

Gaarde, M.B.

M.B. Gaarde and K.J. Schafer, “Quantum path distributions for high-order harmonics in rare gas atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 031406(R)-1-4 (2002).
[Crossref]

M.B. Gaarde and K.J. Schafer, “Space-time considerations in the phase locking of high harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 213901 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C. Lyngå, M.B. Gaarde, C. Delfin, M. Bellini, T.W. Hänsch, A. L’Huillier, and C.-G. WahlstrÖm, “Temporal coherence of high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. A 60, 4823–4830 (1999).
[Crossref]

M.B. Gaarde, F. Salin, E. Constant, Ph. Balcou, K.J. Schafer, K.C. Kulander, and A. L’Huillier, “Spatiotemporal separation of high harmonic radiation into two quantum path components,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 1367–1373 (1999).
[Crossref]

M. Bellini, C. Lyngå, A. Tozzi, M.B. Gaarde, T.W. Hänsch, A. L’Huillier, and C.-G. WahlstrÖm, “Temporal coherence of ultrashort high-order harmonic pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 297–300 (1998).
[Crossref]

Gaudiosi, D.

E.A. Gibson, A. Paul, N. Wagner, R. Tobey, D. Gaudiosi, S. Backus, I.P. Christov, A. Aquila, E.M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, M.M. Murnane, and H.C. Kapteyn, “Coherent soft X-ray generation in the water window with quasi-phase matching,” Science 302, 95–98 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gibson, E.A.

E.A. Gibson, A. Paul, N. Wagner, R. Tobey, D. Gaudiosi, S. Backus, I.P. Christov, A. Aquila, E.M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, M.M. Murnane, and H.C. Kapteyn, “Coherent soft X-ray generation in the water window with quasi-phase matching,” Science 302, 95–98 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gobert, O.

Y. Mairesse, O. Gobert, P. Breger, H. Merdji, P. Meynadier, P. Monchicourt, M. Perdrix, P. Saliéres, and B. Carré, “High harmonic XUV spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 173903-1-4 (2005).
[Crossref]

Goulielmakis, E.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuška, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. West-erwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature (London) 427, 817–821 (2004).
[Crossref]

E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, R. Kienberger, A. Baltusška, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Direct measurement of light waves,” Science 305, 1267–1269 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Grasbon, F.

P. Saliéres, B. Carré, L.Le Déroff, F. Grasbon, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Kopold, W. Becker, D.B. Milošsević, A. Sanpera, and M. Lewenstein, “Feynman’s path-integral approach for intense-laser-atom interactions,” Science 292, 902–905 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Gullikson, E.M.

E.A. Gibson, A. Paul, N. Wagner, R. Tobey, D. Gaudiosi, S. Backus, I.P. Christov, A. Aquila, E.M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, M.M. Murnane, and H.C. Kapteyn, “Coherent soft X-ray generation in the water window with quasi-phase matching,” Science 302, 95–98 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hänsch, T.W.

C. Lyngå, M.B. Gaarde, C. Delfin, M. Bellini, T.W. Hänsch, A. L’Huillier, and C.-G. WahlstrÖm, “Temporal coherence of high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. A 60, 4823–4830 (1999).
[Crossref]

M. Bellini, C. Lyngå, A. Tozzi, M.B. Gaarde, T.W. Hänsch, A. L’Huillier, and C.-G. WahlstrÖm, “Temporal coherence of ultrashort high-order harmonic pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 297–300 (1998).
[Crossref]

Heinzmann, U.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, R. Kienberger, A. Baltusška, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Direct measurement of light waves,” Science 305, 1267–1269 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuška, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. West-erwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature (London) 427, 817–821 (2004).
[Crossref]

Itatani, J.

J. Itatani, F. Quéré, G.L. Yudin, M.Yu. Ivanov, F. Krausz, and P.B. Corkum, “Attosecond streak camera,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173903-1-4 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ivanov, M.Y.

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M.Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P.B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117–2132 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Ivanov, M.Yu.

J. Itatani, F. Quéré, G.L. Yudin, M.Yu. Ivanov, F. Krausz, and P.B. Corkum, “Attosecond streak camera,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173903-1-4 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Johansson, A.

A. L’Huillier, D. Descamps, A. Johansson, J. Norin, J. Mauritsson, and C.-G. WahlstrÖm, “Applications of high-order harmonics,” Eur. Phys. J. D 26, 91–98 (2003).
[Crossref]

Kapteyn, H.

I.P. Christov, M.M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, “High-harmonic generation of attosecond pulses in the “single-cycle” regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1251–1254 (1997).
[Crossref]

Kapteyn, H.C.

E.A. Gibson, A. Paul, N. Wagner, R. Tobey, D. Gaudiosi, S. Backus, I.P. Christov, A. Aquila, E.M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, M.M. Murnane, and H.C. Kapteyn, “Coherent soft X-ray generation in the water window with quasi-phase matching,” Science 302, 95–98 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kienberger, R.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuška, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. West-erwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature (London) 427, 817–821 (2004).
[Crossref]

E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, R. Kienberger, A. Baltusška, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Direct measurement of light waves,” Science 305, 1267–1269 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kleineberg, U.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuška, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. West-erwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature (London) 427, 817–821 (2004).
[Crossref]

E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, R. Kienberger, A. Baltusška, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Direct measurement of light waves,” Science 305, 1267–1269 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kopold, R.

P. Saliéres, B. Carré, L.Le Déroff, F. Grasbon, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Kopold, W. Becker, D.B. Milošsević, A. Sanpera, and M. Lewenstein, “Feynman’s path-integral approach for intense-laser-atom interactions,” Science 292, 902–905 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Krausz, F.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuška, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. West-erwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature (London) 427, 817–821 (2004).
[Crossref]

E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, R. Kienberger, A. Baltusška, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Direct measurement of light waves,” Science 305, 1267–1269 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Itatani, F. Quéré, G.L. Yudin, M.Yu. Ivanov, F. Krausz, and P.B. Corkum, “Attosecond streak camera,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173903-1-4 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Kulander, K.C.

M.B. Gaarde, F. Salin, E. Constant, Ph. Balcou, K.J. Schafer, K.C. Kulander, and A. L’Huillier, “Spatiotemporal separation of high harmonic radiation into two quantum path components,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 1367–1373 (1999).
[Crossref]

L’Huillier, A.

A. L’Huillier, D. Descamps, A. Johansson, J. Norin, J. Mauritsson, and C.-G. WahlstrÖm, “Applications of high-order harmonics,” Eur. Phys. J. D 26, 91–98 (2003).
[Crossref]

M.B. Gaarde, F. Salin, E. Constant, Ph. Balcou, K.J. Schafer, K.C. Kulander, and A. L’Huillier, “Spatiotemporal separation of high harmonic radiation into two quantum path components,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 1367–1373 (1999).
[Crossref]

C. Lyngå, M.B. Gaarde, C. Delfin, M. Bellini, T.W. Hänsch, A. L’Huillier, and C.-G. WahlstrÖm, “Temporal coherence of high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. A 60, 4823–4830 (1999).
[Crossref]

M. Bellini, C. Lyngå, A. Tozzi, M.B. Gaarde, T.W. Hänsch, A. L’Huillier, and C.-G. WahlstrÖm, “Temporal coherence of ultrashort high-order harmonic pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 297–300 (1998).
[Crossref]

P. Antoine, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Attosecond pulse trains using highorder harmonics,”Phys. Rev. Lett. 77,, 1234–1237 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Lewenstein, P. Saliéres, and A. L’Huillier, “Phase of the atomic polarization in high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 4747–4754 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Saliéres, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Coherence Control of High-Order Harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3776–3779 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M.Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P.B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117–2132 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lewenstein, M.

P. Saliéres, B. Carré, L.Le Déroff, F. Grasbon, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Kopold, W. Becker, D.B. Milošsević, A. Sanpera, and M. Lewenstein, “Feynman’s path-integral approach for intense-laser-atom interactions,” Science 292, 902–905 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Antoine, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Attosecond pulse trains using highorder harmonics,”Phys. Rev. Lett. 77,, 1234–1237 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Lewenstein, P. Saliéres, and A. L’Huillier, “Phase of the atomic polarization in high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 4747–4754 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Saliéres, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Coherence Control of High-Order Harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3776–3779 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M.Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P.B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117–2132 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lyngå, C.

C. Lyngå, M.B. Gaarde, C. Delfin, M. Bellini, T.W. Hänsch, A. L’Huillier, and C.-G. WahlstrÖm, “Temporal coherence of high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. A 60, 4823–4830 (1999).
[Crossref]

M. Bellini, C. Lyngå, A. Tozzi, M.B. Gaarde, T.W. Hänsch, A. L’Huillier, and C.-G. WahlstrÖm, “Temporal coherence of ultrashort high-order harmonic pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 297–300 (1998).
[Crossref]

Mairesse, Y.

Y. Mairesse, O. Gobert, P. Breger, H. Merdji, P. Meynadier, P. Monchicourt, M. Perdrix, P. Saliéres, and B. Carré, “High harmonic XUV spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 173903-1-4 (2005).
[Crossref]

Maquet, A.

V. Véniard, R. Taïeb, and A. Maquet,“Phase dependence of (N + 1)-color (N > 1) ir-uv photoionization of atoms with higher harmonics,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 721–728 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mauritsson, J.

A. L’Huillier, D. Descamps, A. Johansson, J. Norin, J. Mauritsson, and C.-G. WahlstrÖm, “Applications of high-order harmonics,” Eur. Phys. J. D 26, 91–98 (2003).
[Crossref]

Merdji, H.

Y. Mairesse, O. Gobert, P. Breger, H. Merdji, P. Meynadier, P. Monchicourt, M. Perdrix, P. Saliéres, and B. Carré, “High harmonic XUV spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 173903-1-4 (2005).
[Crossref]

Meynadier, P.

Y. Mairesse, O. Gobert, P. Breger, H. Merdji, P. Meynadier, P. Monchicourt, M. Perdrix, P. Saliéres, and B. Carré, “High harmonic XUV spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 173903-1-4 (2005).
[Crossref]

Milošsevic, D.B.

P. Saliéres, B. Carré, L.Le Déroff, F. Grasbon, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Kopold, W. Becker, D.B. Milošsević, A. Sanpera, and M. Lewenstein, “Feynman’s path-integral approach for intense-laser-atom interactions,” Science 292, 902–905 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Monchicourt, P.

Y. Mairesse, O. Gobert, P. Breger, H. Merdji, P. Meynadier, P. Monchicourt, M. Perdrix, P. Saliéres, and B. Carré, “High harmonic XUV spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 173903-1-4 (2005).
[Crossref]

Muller, H.G.

H.G. Muller, “Reconstruction of attosecond harmonic beating by interference of two-photon transitions,” Appl. Phys. B 74, S17–S21 (2002).
[Crossref]

P.M. Paul, E.S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Aug>, Ph. Balcou, H.G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science 292, 1689–1692 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mullot, G.

P.M. Paul, E.S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Aug>, Ph. Balcou, H.G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science 292, 1689–1692 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Murnane, M.M.

E.A. Gibson, A. Paul, N. Wagner, R. Tobey, D. Gaudiosi, S. Backus, I.P. Christov, A. Aquila, E.M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, M.M. Murnane, and H.C. Kapteyn, “Coherent soft X-ray generation in the water window with quasi-phase matching,” Science 302, 95–98 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I.P. Christov, M.M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, “High-harmonic generation of attosecond pulses in the “single-cycle” regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1251–1254 (1997).
[Crossref]

Nisoli, M.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, J-P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, S.De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Measurement of Harmonic Phase Differences by Interference of Attosecond Light Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 193903-1-4 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Sansone, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, and M. Nisoli, “Nonadiabatic quantum path analysis of high-order harmonic generation: role of the carrier-envelope phase on short and long paths,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 013411-1-10 (2004).
[Crossref]

Norin, J.

A. L’Huillier, D. Descamps, A. Johansson, J. Norin, J. Mauritsson, and C.-G. WahlstrÖm, “Applications of high-order harmonics,” Eur. Phys. J. D 26, 91–98 (2003).
[Crossref]

Papadogiannis, N.A.

P. Tzallas, D. Charalambidis, N.A. Papadogiannis, K. Witte, and G.D. Tsakiris, “Direct observation of attosecond light bunching,” Nature (London) 426, 267–271 (2003).
[Crossref]

Pascolini, M.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, J-P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, S.De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Measurement of Harmonic Phase Differences by Interference of Attosecond Light Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 193903-1-4 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Poletto, S. Bonora, M. Pascolini, and P. Villoresi, “Instrumentation for analysis and utilization of extreme-ultraviolet and soft x-ray high-order harmonics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 4413–4418 (2004).
[Crossref]

Paul, A.

E.A. Gibson, A. Paul, N. Wagner, R. Tobey, D. Gaudiosi, S. Backus, I.P. Christov, A. Aquila, E.M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, M.M. Murnane, and H.C. Kapteyn, “Coherent soft X-ray generation in the water window with quasi-phase matching,” Science 302, 95–98 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Paul, P.M.

P.M. Paul, E.S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Aug>, Ph. Balcou, H.G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science 292, 1689–1692 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Paulus, G. G.

P. Saliéres, B. Carré, L.Le Déroff, F. Grasbon, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Kopold, W. Becker, D.B. Milošsević, A. Sanpera, and M. Lewenstein, “Feynman’s path-integral approach for intense-laser-atom interactions,” Science 292, 902–905 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Perdrix, M.

Y. Mairesse, O. Gobert, P. Breger, H. Merdji, P. Meynadier, P. Monchicourt, M. Perdrix, P. Saliéres, and B. Carré, “High harmonic XUV spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 173903-1-4 (2005).
[Crossref]

Pinault, S.C.

Poletto, L.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, J-P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, S.De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Measurement of Harmonic Phase Differences by Interference of Attosecond Light Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 193903-1-4 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Poletto, S. Bonora, M. Pascolini, and P. Villoresi, “Instrumentation for analysis and utilization of extreme-ultraviolet and soft x-ray high-order harmonics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 4413–4418 (2004).
[Crossref]

Potasek, M.J.

Quéré, F.

J. Itatani, F. Quéré, G.L. Yudin, M.Yu. Ivanov, F. Krausz, and P.B. Corkum, “Attosecond streak camera,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173903-1-4 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Saliéres, P.

Y. Mairesse, O. Gobert, P. Breger, H. Merdji, P. Meynadier, P. Monchicourt, M. Perdrix, P. Saliéres, and B. Carré, “High harmonic XUV spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 173903-1-4 (2005).
[Crossref]

P. Saliéres, B. Carré, L.Le Déroff, F. Grasbon, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Kopold, W. Becker, D.B. Milošsević, A. Sanpera, and M. Lewenstein, “Feynman’s path-integral approach for intense-laser-atom interactions,” Science 292, 902–905 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Lewenstein, P. Saliéres, and A. L’Huillier, “Phase of the atomic polarization in high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 4747–4754 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Saliéres, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Coherence Control of High-Order Harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3776–3779 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Salin, F.

M.B. Gaarde, F. Salin, E. Constant, Ph. Balcou, K.J. Schafer, K.C. Kulander, and A. L’Huillier, “Spatiotemporal separation of high harmonic radiation into two quantum path components,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 1367–1373 (1999).
[Crossref]

Sanpera, A.

P. Saliéres, B. Carré, L.Le Déroff, F. Grasbon, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Kopold, W. Becker, D.B. Milošsević, A. Sanpera, and M. Lewenstein, “Feynman’s path-integral approach for intense-laser-atom interactions,” Science 292, 902–905 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sansone, G.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, J-P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, S.De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Measurement of Harmonic Phase Differences by Interference of Attosecond Light Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 193903-1-4 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Sansone, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, and M. Nisoli, “Nonadiabatic quantum path analysis of high-order harmonic generation: role of the carrier-envelope phase on short and long paths,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 013411-1-10 (2004).
[Crossref]

Schafer, K.J.

M.B. Gaarde and K.J. Schafer, “Space-time considerations in the phase locking of high harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 213901 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M.B. Gaarde and K.J. Schafer, “Quantum path distributions for high-order harmonics in rare gas atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 031406(R)-1-4 (2002).
[Crossref]

M.B. Gaarde, F. Salin, E. Constant, Ph. Balcou, K.J. Schafer, K.C. Kulander, and A. L’Huillier, “Spatiotemporal separation of high harmonic radiation into two quantum path components,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 1367–1373 (1999).
[Crossref]

Scrinzi, A.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuška, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. West-erwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature (London) 427, 817–821 (2004).
[Crossref]

E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, R. Kienberger, A. Baltusška, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Direct measurement of light waves,” Science 305, 1267–1269 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Silvestri, S.De

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, J-P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, S.De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Measurement of Harmonic Phase Differences by Interference of Attosecond Light Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 193903-1-4 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Stagira, S.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, J-P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, S.De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Measurement of Harmonic Phase Differences by Interference of Attosecond Light Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 193903-1-4 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Sansone, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, and M. Nisoli, “Nonadiabatic quantum path analysis of high-order harmonic generation: role of the carrier-envelope phase on short and long paths,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 013411-1-10 (2004).
[Crossref]

Taïeb, R.

V. Véniard, R. Taïeb, and A. Maquet,“Phase dependence of (N + 1)-color (N > 1) ir-uv photoionization of atoms with higher harmonics,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 721–728 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tobey, R.

E.A. Gibson, A. Paul, N. Wagner, R. Tobey, D. Gaudiosi, S. Backus, I.P. Christov, A. Aquila, E.M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, M.M. Murnane, and H.C. Kapteyn, “Coherent soft X-ray generation in the water window with quasi-phase matching,” Science 302, 95–98 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Toma, E.S.

P.M. Paul, E.S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Aug>, Ph. Balcou, H.G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science 292, 1689–1692 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Tozzi, A.

M. Bellini, C. Lyngå, A. Tozzi, M.B. Gaarde, T.W. Hänsch, A. L’Huillier, and C.-G. WahlstrÖm, “Temporal coherence of ultrashort high-order harmonic pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 297–300 (1998).
[Crossref]

Tsakiris, G.D.

P. Tzallas, D. Charalambidis, N.A. Papadogiannis, K. Witte, and G.D. Tsakiris, “Direct observation of attosecond light bunching,” Nature (London) 426, 267–271 (2003).
[Crossref]

Tzallas, P.

P. Tzallas, D. Charalambidis, N.A. Papadogiannis, K. Witte, and G.D. Tsakiris, “Direct observation of attosecond light bunching,” Nature (London) 426, 267–271 (2003).
[Crossref]

Uiberacker, M.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, R. Kienberger, A. Baltusška, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Direct measurement of light waves,” Science 305, 1267–1269 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuška, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. West-erwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature (London) 427, 817–821 (2004).
[Crossref]

Véniard, V.

V. Véniard, R. Taïeb, and A. Maquet,“Phase dependence of (N + 1)-color (N > 1) ir-uv photoionization of atoms with higher harmonics,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 721–728 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Villoresi, P.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, J-P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, S.De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Measurement of Harmonic Phase Differences by Interference of Attosecond Light Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 193903-1-4 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

L. Poletto, S. Bonora, M. Pascolini, and P. Villoresi, “Instrumentation for analysis and utilization of extreme-ultraviolet and soft x-ray high-order harmonics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 4413–4418 (2004).
[Crossref]

Vozzi, C.

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, J-P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, S.De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Measurement of Harmonic Phase Differences by Interference of Attosecond Light Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 193903-1-4 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

G. Sansone, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, and M. Nisoli, “Nonadiabatic quantum path analysis of high-order harmonic generation: role of the carrier-envelope phase on short and long paths,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 013411-1-10 (2004).
[Crossref]

Wagner, N.

E.A. Gibson, A. Paul, N. Wagner, R. Tobey, D. Gaudiosi, S. Backus, I.P. Christov, A. Aquila, E.M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, M.M. Murnane, and H.C. Kapteyn, “Coherent soft X-ray generation in the water window with quasi-phase matching,” Science 302, 95–98 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

WahlstrÖm, C.-G.

A. L’Huillier, D. Descamps, A. Johansson, J. Norin, J. Mauritsson, and C.-G. WahlstrÖm, “Applications of high-order harmonics,” Eur. Phys. J. D 26, 91–98 (2003).
[Crossref]

C. Lyngå, M.B. Gaarde, C. Delfin, M. Bellini, T.W. Hänsch, A. L’Huillier, and C.-G. WahlstrÖm, “Temporal coherence of high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. A 60, 4823–4830 (1999).
[Crossref]

M. Bellini, C. Lyngå, A. Tozzi, M.B. Gaarde, T.W. Hänsch, A. L’Huillier, and C.-G. WahlstrÖm, “Temporal coherence of ultrashort high-order harmonic pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 297–300 (1998).
[Crossref]

Walther, H.

P. Saliéres, B. Carré, L.Le Déroff, F. Grasbon, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Kopold, W. Becker, D.B. Milošsević, A. Sanpera, and M. Lewenstein, “Feynman’s path-integral approach for intense-laser-atom interactions,” Science 292, 902–905 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Westerwalbesloh, Th.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, R. Kienberger, A. Baltusška, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Direct measurement of light waves,” Science 305, 1267–1269 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

West-erwalbesloh, Th.

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuška, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. West-erwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature (London) 427, 817–821 (2004).
[Crossref]

Witte, K.

P. Tzallas, D. Charalambidis, N.A. Papadogiannis, K. Witte, and G.D. Tsakiris, “Direct observation of attosecond light bunching,” Nature (London) 426, 267–271 (2003).
[Crossref]

Yakovlev, V.

E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, R. Kienberger, A. Baltusška, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Direct measurement of light waves,” Science 305, 1267–1269 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuška, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. West-erwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature (London) 427, 817–821 (2004).
[Crossref]

Yudin, G.L.

J. Itatani, F. Quéré, G.L. Yudin, M.Yu. Ivanov, F. Krausz, and P.B. Corkum, “Attosecond streak camera,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173903-1-4 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

H.G. Muller, “Reconstruction of attosecond harmonic beating by interference of two-photon transitions,” Appl. Phys. B 74, S17–S21 (2002).
[Crossref]

Eur. Phys. J. D (1)

A. L’Huillier, D. Descamps, A. Johansson, J. Norin, J. Mauritsson, and C.-G. WahlstrÖm, “Applications of high-order harmonics,” Eur. Phys. J. D 26, 91–98 (2003).
[Crossref]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nature (London) (2)

R. Kienberger, E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, A. Baltuška, V. Yakovlev, F. Bammer, A. Scrinzi, Th. West-erwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Atomic transient recorder,” Nature (London) 427, 817–821 (2004).
[Crossref]

P. Tzallas, D. Charalambidis, N.A. Papadogiannis, K. Witte, and G.D. Tsakiris, “Direct observation of attosecond light bunching,” Nature (London) 426, 267–271 (2003).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. A (7)

C. Lyngå, M.B. Gaarde, C. Delfin, M. Bellini, T.W. Hänsch, A. L’Huillier, and C.-G. WahlstrÖm, “Temporal coherence of high-order harmonics,” Phys. Rev. A 60, 4823–4830 (1999).
[Crossref]

M.B. Gaarde and K.J. Schafer, “Quantum path distributions for high-order harmonics in rare gas atoms,” Phys. Rev. A 65, 031406(R)-1-4 (2002).
[Crossref]

M. Lewenstein, Ph. Balcou, M.Y. Ivanov, A. L’Huillier, and P.B. Corkum, “Theory of high-harmonic generation by low-frequency laser fields,” Phys. Rev. A 49, 2117–2132 (1994).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M. Lewenstein, P. Saliéres, and A. L’Huillier, “Phase of the atomic polarization in high-order harmonic generation,” Phys. Rev. A 52, 4747–4754 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Véniard, R. Taïeb, and A. Maquet,“Phase dependence of (N + 1)-color (N > 1) ir-uv photoionization of atoms with higher harmonics,” Phys. Rev. A 54, 721–728 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M.B. Gaarde, F. Salin, E. Constant, Ph. Balcou, K.J. Schafer, K.C. Kulander, and A. L’Huillier, “Spatiotemporal separation of high harmonic radiation into two quantum path components,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 1367–1373 (1999).
[Crossref]

G. Sansone, C. Vozzi, S. Stagira, and M. Nisoli, “Nonadiabatic quantum path analysis of high-order harmonic generation: role of the carrier-envelope phase on short and long paths,” Phys. Rev. A 70, 013411-1-10 (2004).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (8)

M. Bellini, C. Lyngå, A. Tozzi, M.B. Gaarde, T.W. Hänsch, A. L’Huillier, and C.-G. WahlstrÖm, “Temporal coherence of ultrashort high-order harmonic pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 297–300 (1998).
[Crossref]

G. Sansone, E. Benedetti, J-P. Caumes, S. Stagira, C. Vozzi, M. Pascolini, L. Poletto, P. Villoresi, S.De Silvestri, and M. Nisoli, “Measurement of Harmonic Phase Differences by Interference of Attosecond Light Pulses,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 193903-1-4 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Saliéres, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Coherence Control of High-Order Harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 74, 3776–3779 (1995).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

I.P. Christov, M.M. Murnane, and H. Kapteyn, “High-harmonic generation of attosecond pulses in the “single-cycle” regime,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 78, 1251–1254 (1997).
[Crossref]

J. Itatani, F. Quéré, G.L. Yudin, M.Yu. Ivanov, F. Krausz, and P.B. Corkum, “Attosecond streak camera,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173903-1-4 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Antoine, A. L’Huillier, and M. Lewenstein, “Attosecond pulse trains using highorder harmonics,”Phys. Rev. Lett. 77,, 1234–1237 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

M.B. Gaarde and K.J. Schafer, “Space-time considerations in the phase locking of high harmonics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 213901 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Y. Mairesse, O. Gobert, P. Breger, H. Merdji, P. Meynadier, P. Monchicourt, M. Perdrix, P. Saliéres, and B. Carré, “High harmonic XUV spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 173903-1-4 (2005).
[Crossref]

Rep. Prog. Phys. (1)

P. Agostini and L.F. DiMauro, “The physics of attosecond light pulses,” Rep. Prog. Phys. 67, 813–855 (2004).
[Crossref]

Rev. Sci. Instrum. (1)

L. Poletto, S. Bonora, M. Pascolini, and P. Villoresi, “Instrumentation for analysis and utilization of extreme-ultraviolet and soft x-ray high-order harmonics,” Rev. Sci. Instrum. 75, 4413–4418 (2004).
[Crossref]

Science (4)

E.A. Gibson, A. Paul, N. Wagner, R. Tobey, D. Gaudiosi, S. Backus, I.P. Christov, A. Aquila, E.M. Gullikson, D. T. Attwood, M.M. Murnane, and H.C. Kapteyn, “Coherent soft X-ray generation in the water window with quasi-phase matching,” Science 302, 95–98 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

E. Goulielmakis, M. Uiberacker, R. Kienberger, A. Baltusška, V. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, Th. Westerwalbesloh, U. Kleineberg, U. Heinzmann, M. Drescher, and F. Krausz, “Direct measurement of light waves,” Science 305, 1267–1269 (2004).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P.M. Paul, E.S. Toma, P. Breger, G. Mullot, F. Aug>, Ph. Balcou, H.G. Muller, and P. Agostini, “Observation of a train of attosecond pulses from high harmonic generation,” Science 292, 1689–1692 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

P. Saliéres, B. Carré, L.Le Déroff, F. Grasbon, G. G. Paulus, H. Walther, R. Kopold, W. Becker, D.B. Milošsević, A. Sanpera, and M. Lewenstein, “Feynman’s path-integral approach for intense-laser-atom interactions,” Science 292, 902–905 (2001).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Cited By

OSA participates in Crossref's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Measured evolution of the spectral characteristics of the 19-th harmonic generated in Argon by 30-fs pulses as a function of the driving pulse intensity.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Normalized spectral profiles of 19-th harmonic generated in Argon by the long (a) and short (b) quantum paths for two intensity values: I≈1.2 × 1014 W/cm2 (solid lines), I≈1.8 × 1014 W/cm2 (dashed lines).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

rms bandwidth of the 19-th harmonic normalized to the fundamental angular frequency (ω 0 as a function of the peak intensity of the driving pulses. The dots with error bars are the experimental values. The dashed curve was calculated using the nonadiabatic saddle-point method. Pulse duration T 0 = 30 fs.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Chirp coefficients α associated to the long and short quantum paths contributing to the 19-th harmonic, as a function of the pulse peak intensity. The symbols with error bars have been obtained using the data reported in Fig. 3 and Eq. 4. The triangles have been calculated assuming a constant duration of the harmonic pulses, τq = τ 0/2; the dots have been obtained using the harmonic duration calculated using the NASP method. The dashed curve has been calculated using the NASP method, as described in the text. Pulse duration T 0 = 30 fs.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Chirp coefficients α associated to the long and short quantum paths, as a function of the harmonic order. The symbols with error bars have been obtained using the measured harmonic bandwidths and Eq. 4. The triangles have been calculated assuming a constant duration of the harmonic pulses, τq = τ 0/2; the dots have been obtained using the harmonic duration calculated using the NASP method. The squares and open circles are the chirp coefficients for the long and short paths, respectively, calculated using the NASP method, as described in the text. Pulse duration T 0 = 30 fs; peak intensity of the driving pulse I 0 = 1.54 × 1014 W/cm2.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

x ( ω ) = s long x s ( ω ) exp [ i Ψ s ( ω ) ] ,
E q ( t ) = E q 0 exp ( t 2 τ q 2 ) exp ( I 0 e 2 t 2 τ 0 2 ) ,
( Δω ) 2 = E q ( t ) 2 dt E q ( t ) 2 dt + [ E q ( t ) E q * ( t ) dt E q ( t ) 2 dt ] 2 ,
( Δ ω ) 2 = 1 τ q 2 [ 1 + 4 α 2 I 0 2 δ ( δ 2 + 2 ) 3 2 ] ,
b q = 4 α q I 0 τ 0 2 .

Metrics