Abstract

We propose to use radially, azimuthally and circularly polarized Bessel beams as inhomogeneous illuminating system to unambiguously analyze the vectorial optical response of azo-dye polymers. It is shown that the well-known sensitivity of azo-dye molecules to polarization direction gives rise to surface deformations which are proportional to the longitudinal electric-field component. This property opens a large field of applications in the vectorial analysis of light fields, especially for nano-optics/nanophotonics.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. P. Rochon, E. Batalla, and A. Natansohn. "Optically induced surface gratings on azoaromatic polymer films." Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 136-138, 1995.
    [CrossRef]
  2. D.Y. Kim, S.K. Tripathy, L. Li, and J. Kumar. "Laser-induced holographic surface relief gratings on nonlinear optical polymer films." Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1166-1168, 1995.
    [CrossRef]
  3. X.L. Jiang, L. Li, J. Kumar, D.Y. Kim, V. Shivshanvar, and S. Tripathy. "Polarization dependent recordings of surface relief gratings on azobenzene containing polymer films." Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2618-2620, 1996.
    [CrossRef]
  4. T. Grosjean and D. Courjon. "Polarization filtering induced by imaging systems: Effect on image structure." Phys. Rev. E 67, 46611, 2003.
    [CrossRef]
  5. J. Durnin. "Exact solutions for nondiffracting beams. i. the scalar theory." J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 4:651-654, 1987.
    [CrossRef]
  6. B. Hafizi, E. Esarey, and P. Sprangle. "Laser-driven acceleration with Bessel beams." Phys. Rev. E 55, 3539-3545, 1997.
    [CrossRef]
  7. C. Yu, M.R. Wang, A.J. Varela, and B. Chen. "High-density non-diffracting beam array for optical interconnection." Opt. Commun. 177, 369-376, 2000.
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. Arlt, K. Dholakia, J. Soneson, and E.M. Wright. "Optical dipole traps and atomic waveguides based on Bessel light beams." Phys. Rev. A 63, 1-8, 2001.
    [CrossRef]
  9. T. Grosjean and D. Courjon. "Immaterial tip concept by light confinement." J. Microscopy 202, 273-278, 2001.
    [CrossRef]
  10. Ph. Prêtre, L.-M Wu, A. Knoesen and J.D. Swalen. "Optical properties of nonlinear optical polymers: a method for calculation." J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15, 359-368, 1998.
    [CrossRef]
  11. R. Piron, E. Toussaere, D. Josse and J. Zyss. "Enhanced photoinduced birefringence in polymer microcavities." Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2461-2463, 2000.
    [CrossRef]
  12. J.H. McLeod. "Axicons and their uses." J. Opt. Soc. Am. 50, 166-169, 1960.
    [CrossRef]
  13. T. Grosjean, D. Courjon, and M. Spajer. "An all-fiber device for generating radially and other polarized light beams." Optics Commun. 203, 1-5, 2002.
    [CrossRef]
  14. K. Karraï and R.D. Grober. "Piezo-electric tuning fork tip-sample distance control for near field optical microscopes." Ultramicroscopy 61, 197-205, 1995.
    [CrossRef]
  15. J. Kumar, L. Li, X.L. Jiang, D.Y. Kim, T. S. Lee, and S. Tripathy. "Gradient force: The mechanism for surface relief grating formation in azobenzene functionalized polymers." Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2096-2098, 1998.
    [CrossRef]
  16. P. Lefin, C. Fiorini, and J-M. Nunzi. "Anisotropy of the photoinduced translation diffusion of azo-dyes." Opt. Mater. 9, 323-328, 1998.
    [CrossRef]
  17. B. Richards and E. Wolf. "Electromagnetic diffraction in optical systems II. Structure of the image field in an aplanetic system." In Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series A : Mathematical and Physical Sciences pages 358-379, 1959.
  18. S. Bian, J.M. Williams, D.Y. Kim, L. Li, S. Balasubramanian, J. Kumar, and S. Tripathy. "Photoinduced surface deformations on azobenzene polymer films." J. Appl. Phys. 86, 4498-4508, 1999.
    [CrossRef]
  19. P.J. Schuck, D.P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, G.S. Kino, and W.E. Moerner. "Improving the mismatch between light and nanoscale objects with gold bowtie nanoantennas." Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 017402, 2005.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. P. Mühlschlegel, H-J. Eisler, O.J.F. Martin, B. Hecht, and D.W. Pohl. "Resonnant optical antenna." Science 308, 1607-1609, 2005.
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

P.J. Schuck, D.P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, G.S. Kino, and W.E. Moerner. "Improving the mismatch between light and nanoscale objects with gold bowtie nanoantennas." Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 017402, 2005.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Mühlschlegel, H-J. Eisler, O.J.F. Martin, B. Hecht, and D.W. Pohl. "Resonnant optical antenna." Science 308, 1607-1609, 2005.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (1)

T. Grosjean and D. Courjon. "Polarization filtering induced by imaging systems: Effect on image structure." Phys. Rev. E 67, 46611, 2003.
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

T. Grosjean, D. Courjon, and M. Spajer. "An all-fiber device for generating radially and other polarized light beams." Optics Commun. 203, 1-5, 2002.
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

J. Arlt, K. Dholakia, J. Soneson, and E.M. Wright. "Optical dipole traps and atomic waveguides based on Bessel light beams." Phys. Rev. A 63, 1-8, 2001.
[CrossRef]

T. Grosjean and D. Courjon. "Immaterial tip concept by light confinement." J. Microscopy 202, 273-278, 2001.
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

R. Piron, E. Toussaere, D. Josse and J. Zyss. "Enhanced photoinduced birefringence in polymer microcavities." Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2461-2463, 2000.
[CrossRef]

C. Yu, M.R. Wang, A.J. Varela, and B. Chen. "High-density non-diffracting beam array for optical interconnection." Opt. Commun. 177, 369-376, 2000.
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

S. Bian, J.M. Williams, D.Y. Kim, L. Li, S. Balasubramanian, J. Kumar, and S. Tripathy. "Photoinduced surface deformations on azobenzene polymer films." J. Appl. Phys. 86, 4498-4508, 1999.
[CrossRef]

1998 (3)

J. Kumar, L. Li, X.L. Jiang, D.Y. Kim, T. S. Lee, and S. Tripathy. "Gradient force: The mechanism for surface relief grating formation in azobenzene functionalized polymers." Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2096-2098, 1998.
[CrossRef]

P. Lefin, C. Fiorini, and J-M. Nunzi. "Anisotropy of the photoinduced translation diffusion of azo-dyes." Opt. Mater. 9, 323-328, 1998.
[CrossRef]

Ph. Prêtre, L.-M Wu, A. Knoesen and J.D. Swalen. "Optical properties of nonlinear optical polymers: a method for calculation." J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 15, 359-368, 1998.
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

B. Hafizi, E. Esarey, and P. Sprangle. "Laser-driven acceleration with Bessel beams." Phys. Rev. E 55, 3539-3545, 1997.
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

X.L. Jiang, L. Li, J. Kumar, D.Y. Kim, V. Shivshanvar, and S. Tripathy. "Polarization dependent recordings of surface relief gratings on azobenzene containing polymer films." Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2618-2620, 1996.
[CrossRef]

1995 (3)

P. Rochon, E. Batalla, and A. Natansohn. "Optically induced surface gratings on azoaromatic polymer films." Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 136-138, 1995.
[CrossRef]

D.Y. Kim, S.K. Tripathy, L. Li, and J. Kumar. "Laser-induced holographic surface relief gratings on nonlinear optical polymer films." Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1166-1168, 1995.
[CrossRef]

K. Karraï and R.D. Grober. "Piezo-electric tuning fork tip-sample distance control for near field optical microscopes." Ultramicroscopy 61, 197-205, 1995.
[CrossRef]

1987 (1)

1960 (1)

Arlt, J.

J. Arlt, K. Dholakia, J. Soneson, and E.M. Wright. "Optical dipole traps and atomic waveguides based on Bessel light beams." Phys. Rev. A 63, 1-8, 2001.
[CrossRef]

Balasubramanian, S.

S. Bian, J.M. Williams, D.Y. Kim, L. Li, S. Balasubramanian, J. Kumar, and S. Tripathy. "Photoinduced surface deformations on azobenzene polymer films." J. Appl. Phys. 86, 4498-4508, 1999.
[CrossRef]

Batalla, E.

P. Rochon, E. Batalla, and A. Natansohn. "Optically induced surface gratings on azoaromatic polymer films." Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 136-138, 1995.
[CrossRef]

Bian, S.

S. Bian, J.M. Williams, D.Y. Kim, L. Li, S. Balasubramanian, J. Kumar, and S. Tripathy. "Photoinduced surface deformations on azobenzene polymer films." J. Appl. Phys. 86, 4498-4508, 1999.
[CrossRef]

Chen, B.

C. Yu, M.R. Wang, A.J. Varela, and B. Chen. "High-density non-diffracting beam array for optical interconnection." Opt. Commun. 177, 369-376, 2000.
[CrossRef]

Courjon, D.

T. Grosjean and D. Courjon. "Polarization filtering induced by imaging systems: Effect on image structure." Phys. Rev. E 67, 46611, 2003.
[CrossRef]

T. Grosjean, D. Courjon, and M. Spajer. "An all-fiber device for generating radially and other polarized light beams." Optics Commun. 203, 1-5, 2002.
[CrossRef]

T. Grosjean and D. Courjon. "Immaterial tip concept by light confinement." J. Microscopy 202, 273-278, 2001.
[CrossRef]

Dholakia, K.

J. Arlt, K. Dholakia, J. Soneson, and E.M. Wright. "Optical dipole traps and atomic waveguides based on Bessel light beams." Phys. Rev. A 63, 1-8, 2001.
[CrossRef]

Durnin, J.

Eisler, H-J.

P. Mühlschlegel, H-J. Eisler, O.J.F. Martin, B. Hecht, and D.W. Pohl. "Resonnant optical antenna." Science 308, 1607-1609, 2005.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Esarey, E.

B. Hafizi, E. Esarey, and P. Sprangle. "Laser-driven acceleration with Bessel beams." Phys. Rev. E 55, 3539-3545, 1997.
[CrossRef]

Fiorini, C.

P. Lefin, C. Fiorini, and J-M. Nunzi. "Anisotropy of the photoinduced translation diffusion of azo-dyes." Opt. Mater. 9, 323-328, 1998.
[CrossRef]

Fromm, D.P.

P.J. Schuck, D.P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, G.S. Kino, and W.E. Moerner. "Improving the mismatch between light and nanoscale objects with gold bowtie nanoantennas." Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 017402, 2005.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Grober, R.D.

K. Karraï and R.D. Grober. "Piezo-electric tuning fork tip-sample distance control for near field optical microscopes." Ultramicroscopy 61, 197-205, 1995.
[CrossRef]

Grosjean, T.

T. Grosjean and D. Courjon. "Polarization filtering induced by imaging systems: Effect on image structure." Phys. Rev. E 67, 46611, 2003.
[CrossRef]

T. Grosjean, D. Courjon, and M. Spajer. "An all-fiber device for generating radially and other polarized light beams." Optics Commun. 203, 1-5, 2002.
[CrossRef]

T. Grosjean and D. Courjon. "Immaterial tip concept by light confinement." J. Microscopy 202, 273-278, 2001.
[CrossRef]

Hafizi, B.

B. Hafizi, E. Esarey, and P. Sprangle. "Laser-driven acceleration with Bessel beams." Phys. Rev. E 55, 3539-3545, 1997.
[CrossRef]

Hecht, B.

P. Mühlschlegel, H-J. Eisler, O.J.F. Martin, B. Hecht, and D.W. Pohl. "Resonnant optical antenna." Science 308, 1607-1609, 2005.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jiang, X.L.

J. Kumar, L. Li, X.L. Jiang, D.Y. Kim, T. S. Lee, and S. Tripathy. "Gradient force: The mechanism for surface relief grating formation in azobenzene functionalized polymers." Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2096-2098, 1998.
[CrossRef]

X.L. Jiang, L. Li, J. Kumar, D.Y. Kim, V. Shivshanvar, and S. Tripathy. "Polarization dependent recordings of surface relief gratings on azobenzene containing polymer films." Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2618-2620, 1996.
[CrossRef]

Josse, D.

R. Piron, E. Toussaere, D. Josse and J. Zyss. "Enhanced photoinduced birefringence in polymer microcavities." Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2461-2463, 2000.
[CrossRef]

Karraï, K.

K. Karraï and R.D. Grober. "Piezo-electric tuning fork tip-sample distance control for near field optical microscopes." Ultramicroscopy 61, 197-205, 1995.
[CrossRef]

Kim, D.Y.

S. Bian, J.M. Williams, D.Y. Kim, L. Li, S. Balasubramanian, J. Kumar, and S. Tripathy. "Photoinduced surface deformations on azobenzene polymer films." J. Appl. Phys. 86, 4498-4508, 1999.
[CrossRef]

J. Kumar, L. Li, X.L. Jiang, D.Y. Kim, T. S. Lee, and S. Tripathy. "Gradient force: The mechanism for surface relief grating formation in azobenzene functionalized polymers." Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2096-2098, 1998.
[CrossRef]

X.L. Jiang, L. Li, J. Kumar, D.Y. Kim, V. Shivshanvar, and S. Tripathy. "Polarization dependent recordings of surface relief gratings on azobenzene containing polymer films." Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2618-2620, 1996.
[CrossRef]

D.Y. Kim, S.K. Tripathy, L. Li, and J. Kumar. "Laser-induced holographic surface relief gratings on nonlinear optical polymer films." Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1166-1168, 1995.
[CrossRef]

Kino, G.S.

P.J. Schuck, D.P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, G.S. Kino, and W.E. Moerner. "Improving the mismatch between light and nanoscale objects with gold bowtie nanoantennas." Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 017402, 2005.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Knoesen, A.

Kumar, J.

S. Bian, J.M. Williams, D.Y. Kim, L. Li, S. Balasubramanian, J. Kumar, and S. Tripathy. "Photoinduced surface deformations on azobenzene polymer films." J. Appl. Phys. 86, 4498-4508, 1999.
[CrossRef]

J. Kumar, L. Li, X.L. Jiang, D.Y. Kim, T. S. Lee, and S. Tripathy. "Gradient force: The mechanism for surface relief grating formation in azobenzene functionalized polymers." Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2096-2098, 1998.
[CrossRef]

X.L. Jiang, L. Li, J. Kumar, D.Y. Kim, V. Shivshanvar, and S. Tripathy. "Polarization dependent recordings of surface relief gratings on azobenzene containing polymer films." Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2618-2620, 1996.
[CrossRef]

D.Y. Kim, S.K. Tripathy, L. Li, and J. Kumar. "Laser-induced holographic surface relief gratings on nonlinear optical polymer films." Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1166-1168, 1995.
[CrossRef]

Lee, T. S.

J. Kumar, L. Li, X.L. Jiang, D.Y. Kim, T. S. Lee, and S. Tripathy. "Gradient force: The mechanism for surface relief grating formation in azobenzene functionalized polymers." Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2096-2098, 1998.
[CrossRef]

Lefin, P.

P. Lefin, C. Fiorini, and J-M. Nunzi. "Anisotropy of the photoinduced translation diffusion of azo-dyes." Opt. Mater. 9, 323-328, 1998.
[CrossRef]

Li, L.

S. Bian, J.M. Williams, D.Y. Kim, L. Li, S. Balasubramanian, J. Kumar, and S. Tripathy. "Photoinduced surface deformations on azobenzene polymer films." J. Appl. Phys. 86, 4498-4508, 1999.
[CrossRef]

J. Kumar, L. Li, X.L. Jiang, D.Y. Kim, T. S. Lee, and S. Tripathy. "Gradient force: The mechanism for surface relief grating formation in azobenzene functionalized polymers." Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2096-2098, 1998.
[CrossRef]

X.L. Jiang, L. Li, J. Kumar, D.Y. Kim, V. Shivshanvar, and S. Tripathy. "Polarization dependent recordings of surface relief gratings on azobenzene containing polymer films." Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2618-2620, 1996.
[CrossRef]

D.Y. Kim, S.K. Tripathy, L. Li, and J. Kumar. "Laser-induced holographic surface relief gratings on nonlinear optical polymer films." Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1166-1168, 1995.
[CrossRef]

Martin, O.J.F.

P. Mühlschlegel, H-J. Eisler, O.J.F. Martin, B. Hecht, and D.W. Pohl. "Resonnant optical antenna." Science 308, 1607-1609, 2005.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McLeod, J.H.

Moerner, W.E.

P.J. Schuck, D.P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, G.S. Kino, and W.E. Moerner. "Improving the mismatch between light and nanoscale objects with gold bowtie nanoantennas." Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 017402, 2005.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mühlschlegel, P.

P. Mühlschlegel, H-J. Eisler, O.J.F. Martin, B. Hecht, and D.W. Pohl. "Resonnant optical antenna." Science 308, 1607-1609, 2005.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Natansohn, A.

P. Rochon, E. Batalla, and A. Natansohn. "Optically induced surface gratings on azoaromatic polymer films." Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 136-138, 1995.
[CrossRef]

Nunzi, J-M.

P. Lefin, C. Fiorini, and J-M. Nunzi. "Anisotropy of the photoinduced translation diffusion of azo-dyes." Opt. Mater. 9, 323-328, 1998.
[CrossRef]

Piron, R.

R. Piron, E. Toussaere, D. Josse and J. Zyss. "Enhanced photoinduced birefringence in polymer microcavities." Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2461-2463, 2000.
[CrossRef]

Pohl, D.W.

P. Mühlschlegel, H-J. Eisler, O.J.F. Martin, B. Hecht, and D.W. Pohl. "Resonnant optical antenna." Science 308, 1607-1609, 2005.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Prêtre, Ph.

Rochon, P.

P. Rochon, E. Batalla, and A. Natansohn. "Optically induced surface gratings on azoaromatic polymer films." Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 136-138, 1995.
[CrossRef]

Schuck, P.J.

P.J. Schuck, D.P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, G.S. Kino, and W.E. Moerner. "Improving the mismatch between light and nanoscale objects with gold bowtie nanoantennas." Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 017402, 2005.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Shivshanvar, V.

X.L. Jiang, L. Li, J. Kumar, D.Y. Kim, V. Shivshanvar, and S. Tripathy. "Polarization dependent recordings of surface relief gratings on azobenzene containing polymer films." Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2618-2620, 1996.
[CrossRef]

Soneson, J.

J. Arlt, K. Dholakia, J. Soneson, and E.M. Wright. "Optical dipole traps and atomic waveguides based on Bessel light beams." Phys. Rev. A 63, 1-8, 2001.
[CrossRef]

Spajer, M.

T. Grosjean, D. Courjon, and M. Spajer. "An all-fiber device for generating radially and other polarized light beams." Optics Commun. 203, 1-5, 2002.
[CrossRef]

Sprangle, P.

B. Hafizi, E. Esarey, and P. Sprangle. "Laser-driven acceleration with Bessel beams." Phys. Rev. E 55, 3539-3545, 1997.
[CrossRef]

Sundaramurthy, A.

P.J. Schuck, D.P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, G.S. Kino, and W.E. Moerner. "Improving the mismatch between light and nanoscale objects with gold bowtie nanoantennas." Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 017402, 2005.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Swalen, J.D.

Toussaere, E.

R. Piron, E. Toussaere, D. Josse and J. Zyss. "Enhanced photoinduced birefringence in polymer microcavities." Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2461-2463, 2000.
[CrossRef]

Tripathy, S.

S. Bian, J.M. Williams, D.Y. Kim, L. Li, S. Balasubramanian, J. Kumar, and S. Tripathy. "Photoinduced surface deformations on azobenzene polymer films." J. Appl. Phys. 86, 4498-4508, 1999.
[CrossRef]

J. Kumar, L. Li, X.L. Jiang, D.Y. Kim, T. S. Lee, and S. Tripathy. "Gradient force: The mechanism for surface relief grating formation in azobenzene functionalized polymers." Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2096-2098, 1998.
[CrossRef]

X.L. Jiang, L. Li, J. Kumar, D.Y. Kim, V. Shivshanvar, and S. Tripathy. "Polarization dependent recordings of surface relief gratings on azobenzene containing polymer films." Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2618-2620, 1996.
[CrossRef]

Tripathy, S.K.

D.Y. Kim, S.K. Tripathy, L. Li, and J. Kumar. "Laser-induced holographic surface relief gratings on nonlinear optical polymer films." Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1166-1168, 1995.
[CrossRef]

Varela, A.J.

C. Yu, M.R. Wang, A.J. Varela, and B. Chen. "High-density non-diffracting beam array for optical interconnection." Opt. Commun. 177, 369-376, 2000.
[CrossRef]

Wang, M.R.

C. Yu, M.R. Wang, A.J. Varela, and B. Chen. "High-density non-diffracting beam array for optical interconnection." Opt. Commun. 177, 369-376, 2000.
[CrossRef]

Williams, J.M.

S. Bian, J.M. Williams, D.Y. Kim, L. Li, S. Balasubramanian, J. Kumar, and S. Tripathy. "Photoinduced surface deformations on azobenzene polymer films." J. Appl. Phys. 86, 4498-4508, 1999.
[CrossRef]

Wright, E.M.

J. Arlt, K. Dholakia, J. Soneson, and E.M. Wright. "Optical dipole traps and atomic waveguides based on Bessel light beams." Phys. Rev. A 63, 1-8, 2001.
[CrossRef]

Wu, L.-M

Yu, C.

C. Yu, M.R. Wang, A.J. Varela, and B. Chen. "High-density non-diffracting beam array for optical interconnection." Opt. Commun. 177, 369-376, 2000.
[CrossRef]

Zyss, J.

R. Piron, E. Toussaere, D. Josse and J. Zyss. "Enhanced photoinduced birefringence in polymer microcavities." Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2461-2463, 2000.
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

P. Rochon, E. Batalla, and A. Natansohn. "Optically induced surface gratings on azoaromatic polymer films." Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 136-138, 1995.
[CrossRef]

D.Y. Kim, S.K. Tripathy, L. Li, and J. Kumar. "Laser-induced holographic surface relief gratings on nonlinear optical polymer films." Appl. Phys. Lett. 66, 1166-1168, 1995.
[CrossRef]

X.L. Jiang, L. Li, J. Kumar, D.Y. Kim, V. Shivshanvar, and S. Tripathy. "Polarization dependent recordings of surface relief gratings on azobenzene containing polymer films." Appl. Phys. Lett. 68, 2618-2620, 1996.
[CrossRef]

R. Piron, E. Toussaere, D. Josse and J. Zyss. "Enhanced photoinduced birefringence in polymer microcavities." Appl. Phys. Lett. 77, 2461-2463, 2000.
[CrossRef]

J. Kumar, L. Li, X.L. Jiang, D.Y. Kim, T. S. Lee, and S. Tripathy. "Gradient force: The mechanism for surface relief grating formation in azobenzene functionalized polymers." Appl. Phys. Lett. 72, 2096-2098, 1998.
[CrossRef]

J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. Bian, J.M. Williams, D.Y. Kim, L. Li, S. Balasubramanian, J. Kumar, and S. Tripathy. "Photoinduced surface deformations on azobenzene polymer films." J. Appl. Phys. 86, 4498-4508, 1999.
[CrossRef]

J. Microscopy (1)

T. Grosjean and D. Courjon. "Immaterial tip concept by light confinement." J. Microscopy 202, 273-278, 2001.
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (2)

Opt. Commun. (1)

C. Yu, M.R. Wang, A.J. Varela, and B. Chen. "High-density non-diffracting beam array for optical interconnection." Opt. Commun. 177, 369-376, 2000.
[CrossRef]

Opt. Mater. (1)

P. Lefin, C. Fiorini, and J-M. Nunzi. "Anisotropy of the photoinduced translation diffusion of azo-dyes." Opt. Mater. 9, 323-328, 1998.
[CrossRef]

Optics Commun. (1)

T. Grosjean, D. Courjon, and M. Spajer. "An all-fiber device for generating radially and other polarized light beams." Optics Commun. 203, 1-5, 2002.
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

J. Arlt, K. Dholakia, J. Soneson, and E.M. Wright. "Optical dipole traps and atomic waveguides based on Bessel light beams." Phys. Rev. A 63, 1-8, 2001.
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (2)

B. Hafizi, E. Esarey, and P. Sprangle. "Laser-driven acceleration with Bessel beams." Phys. Rev. E 55, 3539-3545, 1997.
[CrossRef]

T. Grosjean and D. Courjon. "Polarization filtering induced by imaging systems: Effect on image structure." Phys. Rev. E 67, 46611, 2003.
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

P.J. Schuck, D.P. Fromm, A. Sundaramurthy, G.S. Kino, and W.E. Moerner. "Improving the mismatch between light and nanoscale objects with gold bowtie nanoantennas." Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 017402, 2005.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (1)

P. Mühlschlegel, H-J. Eisler, O.J.F. Martin, B. Hecht, and D.W. Pohl. "Resonnant optical antenna." Science 308, 1607-1609, 2005.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ultramicroscopy (1)

K. Karraï and R.D. Grober. "Piezo-electric tuning fork tip-sample distance control for near field optical microscopes." Ultramicroscopy 61, 197-205, 1995.
[CrossRef]

Other (1)

B. Richards and E. Wolf. "Electromagnetic diffraction in optical systems II. Structure of the image field in an aplanetic system." In Proceedings of the Royal Society of London, Series A : Mathematical and Physical Sciences pages 358-379, 1959.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Characterization of functions J02 and J12. (a): plots of J02 (solid curve) and J12 (dashed curve); (b) and (c): spatial distributions of J02(r) and J12(r), respectively, calculated in polar coordinates.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Longitudinal cross sections of the intensity distributions numerically simulated in the PMMA-DR1 layer with (a) radially polarized, (b) circularly polarized and (c) az-imuthally polarized Bessel beams.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Recording setup.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Characterization of the optical response of the PMMA-DR1 layer illuminated with a radially polarized Bessel beam ((a)-(d)), a circularly polarized Bessel beam ((e)-(h)) and an azimuthally polarized Bessel beam ((i)-(k)). (a),(e),(i): |ET |2, experiments; (b),(f): |EL |2, theory; (c),(g),(j): topography of the photoinduced surface relief pattern; (d),(h),(k): plots of |ET |2 profiles (theory: top dashed curves, experiments: top solid curves), |EL |2 profiles (bottom dashed curves) and topography acquisition profiles (bottom solid curves). Profile width : 2 μm. (l): comparison between the profiles of the surface imprint and the one calculated with the gradient force model [15], illumination with a radially polarized Bessel beam.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

(a): Longitudinal cross section of the intensity simulated in the PMMA-DR1 layer illuminated with a highly convergent radially polarized Bessel beams; (b): Transverse cross section along the white line of (a); (c): Topography of the surface relief pattern. λ = 488 nm.

Equations (6)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

E T 2 = C cos 2 θ t pT 2 J 1 2 ( αr ) ,
E L 2 = C sin 2 θ t PL 2 J 0 2 ( αr ) ,
E T 2 = C cos 2 θ t pT 2 J 1 2 ( αr ) ,
E L 2 = 0 ,
E T 2 = C π [ t s + t pT cos θ 2 J 0 2 ( αr ) + t s t pT cos θ 2 J 2 2 ( αr ) ] ,
E L 2 = 4 C π sin 2 θ t pL 2 J 1 2 ( αr ) ,

Metrics