Abstract

A fused silica high-index-step photonic-crystal fiber with a comma-shaped core is shown to support two different types of guided modes with bell-shaped intensity profiles, efficiently transforming unamplified 30-fs Ti: sapphire laser pulses into supercontinuum emission through two different physical mechanisms. The modes of the first type provide broadly spanning supercontinuum emission with a smooth spectrum stretching from 450 to 1400 nm. The initial stage of supercontinuum generation in these modes involves four-wave mixing around the wavelength of zero group-velocity dispersion, leading to the depletion of the pump field. The modes of the second type generate supercontinuum with an enhanced short-wavelength wing, dominated by intense spectral lines centered at 400–450 nm. The two regimes of supercontinuum generation and the two types of output spectra are switched by displacing the input end of the fiber with respect to the laser beam in the transverse direction.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (4)

2004 (2)

M. L. Hu, C. Y. Wang, L. Chai, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Frequency-tunable anti-Stokes line emission by eigenmodes of a birefringent microstructure fiber," Opt. Express 12,1932-1937 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-9-1932
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Akimov, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Cross-correlation FROG CARS with frequency-converting photonic-crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. E 70, 057601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (7)

2002 (5)

2001 (4)

I. Hartl, X. D. Li, C. Chudoba, R. K. Rhanta, T. H. Ko, J. G. Fujimoto, J. K. Ranka, and R. S. Windeler, "Ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography using continuum generation in an air-silica microstructure optical fiber," Opt. Lett. 26, 608-610 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. B. Fedotov, A. M. Zheltikov, A. P. Tarasevitch, and D. von der Linde, "Enhanced spectral broadening of short laser pulses in high-numerical-aperture holey fibers," Appl. Phys. B 73,181-184 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E.B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, "Highly birefringent index-guiding photonic crystal fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588-590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. J. Steel and J. R. M. Osgood, "Elliptical-hole photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Lett. 26,229-231 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (4)

A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, J. Arriaga, B. J. Mangan, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, "Highly birefringent photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Lett. 25, 1325-1327 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, "Visible continuum generation in air-silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm," Opt. Lett. 25, 25-27 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

N. Akhmediev, and M. Karlsson, "Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 51, 2602-2607 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990 (1)

P. A. Wai, H. H. Chen, Y. C. Lee, "Radiations by solitons at the zero group-dispersion wavelength of singlemode optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 41, 426-439 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Akhmediev, N.

N. Akhmediev, and M. Karlsson, "Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 51, 2602-2607 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Akimov, D. A.

Alfimov, M. V.

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Akimov, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Cross-correlation FROG CARS with frequency-converting photonic-crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. E 70, 057601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Apolonski, A.

Arriaga, J.

Baltuska, A.

Birks, T. A.

Bjarklev, A.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E.B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, "Highly birefringent index-guiding photonic crystal fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588-590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Broeng, J.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E.B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, "Highly birefringent index-guiding photonic crystal fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588-590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chai, L.

Chen, H. H.

P. A. Wai, H. H. Chen, Y. C. Lee, "Radiations by solitons at the zero group-dispersion wavelength of singlemode optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 41, 426-439 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chudoba, C.

Cundiff, S. T.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Diddams, S. A.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Drexler, W.

Dukel'skii, K. V.

Fedotov, A. B.

A. B. Fedotov, A. M. Zheltikov, A. P. Tarasevitch, and D. von der Linde, "Enhanced spectral broadening of short laser pulses in high-numerical-aperture holey fibers," Appl. Phys. B 73,181-184 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fuji, T.

Fujimoto, J. G.

Genty, G.

M. Lehtonen, G. Genty, H. Ludvigsen, M. Kaivola, "Supercontinuum generation in a highly birefringent microstructured fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82,2197-2199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gohle, C.

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421,611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Goulielmakis, E.

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421,611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Griebner, U.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by Fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hall, J. L.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hänsch, T. W.

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421,611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, "Optical frequency metrology," Nature 416,233-237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hansen, T. P.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E.B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, "Highly birefringent index-guiding photonic crystal fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588-590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Hartl, I.

Hentschel, M.

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421,611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Herrmann, J.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by Fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hilligsøe, K. M.

Holzwarth, R.

C. Y. Teisset, N. Ishii, T. Fuji, T. Metzger, S. Köhler, R. Holzwarth, A. Baltuska, A. M. Zheltikov, and F. Krausz, "Soliton-based pump.seed synchronization for few-cycle OPCPA," Opt. Express 13,6550-6557 (2005), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-17-6550
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421,611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, "Optical frequency metrology," Nature 416,233-237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hu, M.

M. Hu, C.-Y. Wang, Y. Li, L. Chai, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Polarization-demultiplexed two-color frequency conversion of femtosecond pulses in birefringent photonic-crystal fibers," Opt. Express 13,5947-5952 (2005), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-16-5947.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hu, C.-Y. Wang,Y. Li, Z. Wang, L. Chai, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Polarization- and mode-dependent anti-Stokes emission in a birefringent microstructure fiber," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 630-632 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hu, M. L.

Husakou, A.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by Fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ishii, N.

Ivanov, A. A.

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Akimov, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Cross-correlation FROG CARS with frequency-converting photonic-crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. E 70, 057601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jensen, J. R.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E.B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, "Highly birefringent index-guiding photonic crystal fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588-590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jones, D. J.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kaivola, M.

M. Lehtonen, G. Genty, H. Ludvigsen, M. Kaivola, "Supercontinuum generation in a highly birefringent microstructured fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82,2197-2199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Karlsson, M.

N. Akhmediev, and M. Karlsson, "Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 51, 2602-2607 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Keiding, S. R.

Kiefer, W.

Knight, J. C.

J. C. Knight, "Photonic crystal fibers," Nature 424, 847-851 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. J. Wadsworth, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, T. P. M. Mann, and P. St. J. Russell, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers and optical fiber tapers: a novel light source," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2148-2155 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by Fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Apolonski, B. Povazay, A. Unterhuber, W. Drexler, W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Spectral shaping of supercontinuum in a cobweb photonic-crystal fiber with sub-20-fs pulses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2165-2170 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, J. Arriaga, B. J. Mangan, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, "Highly birefringent photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Lett. 25, 1325-1327 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Knudsen, E.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E.B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, "Highly birefringent index-guiding photonic crystal fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588-590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ko, T. H.

Kobayashi, T.

Köhler, S.

Kondrat'ev, Yu. N.

Konorov, S. O.

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Akimov, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Cross-correlation FROG CARS with frequency-converting photonic-crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. E 70, 057601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov and A. M. Zheltikov, "Frequency conversion of subnanojoule femtosecond laser pulses in a microstructure fiber for photochromism initiation," Opt. Express 11,2440-2445 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-19-2440
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Korn, G.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by Fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krausz, F.

C. Y. Teisset, N. Ishii, T. Fuji, T. Metzger, S. Köhler, R. Holzwarth, A. Baltuska, A. M. Zheltikov, and F. Krausz, "Soliton-based pump.seed synchronization for few-cycle OPCPA," Opt. Express 13,6550-6557 (2005), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-17-6550
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421,611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Larsen, J. J.

Lee, Y. C.

P. A. Wai, H. H. Chen, Y. C. Lee, "Radiations by solitons at the zero group-dispersion wavelength of singlemode optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 41, 426-439 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lehtonen, M.

M. Lehtonen, G. Genty, H. Ludvigsen, M. Kaivola, "Supercontinuum generation in a highly birefringent microstructured fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82,2197-2199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Li, X. D.

Li, Y.

M. Hu, C.-Y. Wang,Y. Li, Z. Wang, L. Chai, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Polarization- and mode-dependent anti-Stokes emission in a birefringent microstructure fiber," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 630-632 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Hu, C.-Y. Wang, Y. Li, L. Chai, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Polarization-demultiplexed two-color frequency conversion of femtosecond pulses in birefringent photonic-crystal fibers," Opt. Express 13,5947-5952 (2005), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-16-5947.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Libori, S. E.B.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E.B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, "Highly birefringent index-guiding photonic crystal fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588-590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ludvigsen, H.

M. Lehtonen, G. Genty, H. Ludvigsen, M. Kaivola, "Supercontinuum generation in a highly birefringent microstructured fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82,2197-2199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Maksimenka, R.

Mangan, B. J.

Mann, T. P. M.

Metzger, T.

Nickel, D.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by Fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ortigosa-Blanch, A.

Osgood, J. R. M.

Paulsen, H. N.

Povazay, B.

Ranka, J. K.

Rhanta, R. K.

Russell, P. St. J.

P. St. J. Russell, "Photonic crystal fibers," Science 299, 358-362 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W. J. Wadsworth, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, T. A. Birks, T. P. M. Mann, and P. St. J. Russell, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers and optical fiber tapers: a novel light source," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2148-2155 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Apolonski, B. Povazay, A. Unterhuber, W. Drexler, W. J. Wadsworth, J. C. Knight, and P. St. J. Russell, "Spectral shaping of supercontinuum in a cobweb photonic-crystal fiber with sub-20-fs pulses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2165-2170 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by Fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, J. Arriaga, B. J. Mangan, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, "Highly birefringent photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Lett. 25, 1325-1327 (2000).
[CrossRef]

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Schmitt, M.

Scrinzi, A.

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421,611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Serebryannikov, E. E.

Shevandin, V. S.

Simonsen, H.

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E.B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, "Highly birefringent index-guiding photonic crystal fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588-590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Steel, M. J.

Stentz, A.

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stentz, A. J.

Tarasevitch, A. P.

A. B. Fedotov, A. M. Zheltikov, A. P. Tarasevitch, and D. von der Linde, "Enhanced spectral broadening of short laser pulses in high-numerical-aperture holey fibers," Appl. Phys. B 73,181-184 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Teisset, C. Y.

Thøgersen, J.

Udem, T.

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421,611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Udem, Th.

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, "Optical frequency metrology," Nature 416,233-237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Uiberacker, M.

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421,611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Unterhuber, A.

von der Linde, D.

A. B. Fedotov, A. M. Zheltikov, A. P. Tarasevitch, and D. von der Linde, "Enhanced spectral broadening of short laser pulses in high-numerical-aperture holey fibers," Appl. Phys. B 73,181-184 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wadsworth, W. J.

Wai, P. A.

P. A. Wai, H. H. Chen, Y. C. Lee, "Radiations by solitons at the zero group-dispersion wavelength of singlemode optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 41, 426-439 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, C. Y.

Wang, C.-Y.

M. Hu, C.-Y. Wang,Y. Li, Z. Wang, L. Chai, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Polarization- and mode-dependent anti-Stokes emission in a birefringent microstructure fiber," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 630-632 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Hu, C.-Y. Wang, Y. Li, L. Chai, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Polarization-demultiplexed two-color frequency conversion of femtosecond pulses in birefringent photonic-crystal fibers," Opt. Express 13,5947-5952 (2005), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-16-5947.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wang, Z.

M. Hu, C.-Y. Wang,Y. Li, Z. Wang, L. Chai, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Polarization- and mode-dependent anti-Stokes emission in a birefringent microstructure fiber," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 630-632 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Windeler, R. S.

Yakovlev, V. S.

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421,611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhavoronkov, N.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by Fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zheltikov, A. M.

M. Hu, C.-Y. Wang, Y. Li, L. Chai, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Polarization-demultiplexed two-color frequency conversion of femtosecond pulses in birefringent photonic-crystal fibers," Opt. Express 13,5947-5952 (2005), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-16-5947.
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hu, C.-Y. Wang,Y. Li, Z. Wang, L. Chai, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Polarization- and mode-dependent anti-Stokes emission in a birefringent microstructure fiber," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 630-632 (2005).
[CrossRef]

C. Y. Teisset, N. Ishii, T. Fuji, T. Metzger, S. Köhler, R. Holzwarth, A. Baltuska, A. M. Zheltikov, and F. Krausz, "Soliton-based pump.seed synchronization for few-cycle OPCPA," Opt. Express 13,6550-6557 (2005), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-17-6550
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. M. Zheltikov, ed. Photonic Crystals, Appl. Phys. B 81, nos. 2/3 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Akimov, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Cross-correlation FROG CARS with frequency-converting photonic-crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. E 70, 057601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Hu, C. Y. Wang, L. Chai, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Frequency-tunable anti-Stokes line emission by eigenmodes of a birefringent microstructure fiber," Opt. Express 12,1932-1937 (2004), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-9-1932
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. A. Akimov, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. M. Zheltikov, M. Schmitt, R. Maksimenka, W. Kiefer, K. V. Dukel'skii, V. S. Shevandin, Yu. N. Kondrat'ev, "Efficient anti-Stokes generation through phase-matched four wave mixing in higher-order modes of a microstructure fiber," Opt. Lett. 28, 1948-1950 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. O. Konorov and A. M. Zheltikov, "Frequency conversion of subnanojoule femtosecond laser pulses in a microstructure fiber for photochromism initiation," Opt. Express 11,2440-2445 (2003), http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-19-2440
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. B. Fedotov, A. M. Zheltikov, A. P. Tarasevitch, and D. von der Linde, "Enhanced spectral broadening of short laser pulses in high-numerical-aperture holey fibers," Appl. Phys. B 73,181-184 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

A. M. Zheltikov, ed. Photonic Crystals, Appl. Phys. B 81, nos. 2/3 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. B. Fedotov, A. M. Zheltikov, A. P. Tarasevitch, and D. von der Linde, "Enhanced spectral broadening of short laser pulses in high-numerical-aperture holey fibers," Appl. Phys. B 73,181-184 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. Lehtonen, G. Genty, H. Ludvigsen, M. Kaivola, "Supercontinuum generation in a highly birefringent microstructured fiber," Appl. Phys. Lett. 82,2197-2199 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

T. P. Hansen, J. Broeng, S. E.B. Libori, E. Knudsen, A. Bjarklev, J. R. Jensen, and H. Simonsen, "Highly birefringent index-guiding photonic crystal fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 588-590 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (1)

M. Hu, C.-Y. Wang,Y. Li, Z. Wang, L. Chai, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Polarization- and mode-dependent anti-Stokes emission in a birefringent microstructure fiber," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 17, 630-632 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

Nature (3)

J. C. Knight, "Photonic crystal fibers," Nature 424, 847-851 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V. S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T. W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421,611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T. W. Hänsch, "Optical frequency metrology," Nature 416,233-237 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (4)

Opt. Lett. (7)

M. J. Steel and J. R. M. Osgood, "Elliptical-hole photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Lett. 26,229-231 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. K. Ranka, R. S. Windeler, and A. J. Stentz, "Visible continuum generation in air-silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm," Opt. Lett. 25, 25-27 (2000).
[CrossRef]

I. Hartl, X. D. Li, C. Chudoba, R. K. Rhanta, T. H. Ko, J. G. Fujimoto, J. K. Ranka, and R. S. Windeler, "Ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography using continuum generation in an air-silica microstructure optical fiber," Opt. Lett. 26, 608-610 (2001).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Akimov, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. M. Zheltikov, M. Schmitt, R. Maksimenka, W. Kiefer, K. V. Dukel'skii, V. S. Shevandin, Yu. N. Kondrat'ev, "Efficient anti-Stokes generation through phase-matched four wave mixing in higher-order modes of a microstructure fiber," Opt. Lett. 28, 1948-1950 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, J. Arriaga, B. J. Mangan, T. A. Birks, and P. St. J. Russell, "Highly birefringent photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Lett. 25, 1325-1327 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. N. Paulsen, K. M. Hilligsøe, J. Thøgersen, S. R. Keiding, and J. J. Larsen, "Coherent anti-stokes Raman scattering microscopy with a photonic crystal fiber based light source," Opt. Lett. 28, 1123-1125 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Baltuska, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, "Self-referencing of the carrier-envelope slip in a 6-fs visible parametric amplifier," Opt. Lett. 27, 1241-1243 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (2)

P. A. Wai, H. H. Chen, Y. C. Lee, "Radiations by solitons at the zero group-dispersion wavelength of singlemode optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 41, 426-439 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Akhmediev, and M. Karlsson, "Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 51, 2602-2607 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. E (1)

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Akimov, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Cross-correlation FROG CARS with frequency-converting photonic-crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. E 70, 057601 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T. W. Hänsch, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, and P. St. J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, G. Korn, "Experimental evidence for supercontinuum generation by Fission of higher-order solitons in photonic fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (2)

D. J. Jones, S. A. Diddams, J. K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R. S. Windeler, J. L. Hall, and S. T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. St. J. Russell, "Photonic crystal fibers," Science 299, 358-362 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

A. Bjarklev, J. Broeng, and A. S. Bjarklev, Photonic Crystal Fibres (Kluwer Academic Publishers, Boston, 2003).
[CrossRef]

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, San Diego, 2001).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Group-velocity dispersion for the modes of the first (1) and second (2) type for the photonic-crystal fiber with a comma-shaped core shown in inset 1. Field intensity profiles in the first- and second-type modes are shown in insets 2 and 3.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Beam patterns of the first (a, b, c) and second (d, e, f) type modes at the output of the photonic-crystal fiber with a comma-shaped core with a peak power of the input field of (a, d) 8 kW, (b, e) 11 kW, and (c, f) 14 kW.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Side images of the photonic-crystal fiber with a comma-shaped core generating supercontinuum in the first (a, b, c) and second (d, e, f) type modes with a peak power of the input field of (a, d) 8 kW, (b, e) 11 kW, and (c, f) 14 kW.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Spectra of the PCF output measured with 30-fs Ti: sapphire laser pulses coupled into the first (a) and second (b) type mode of the fiber. The fiber length is 2 m. The initial peak power of laser pulses is (1) 0.8 kW, (2) 5 kW, and (3) 15 kW.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Spectra of the PCF output measured with 30-fs 12-kW Ti: sapphire laser pulses coupled into the first (a) and second (b) type mode of the fiber. The fiber length is 20 cm. The inset in Fig. 5(b) shows the propagation-constant mismatch δ s = β s 0) – β(λd) between a soliton with a central wavelength λ0 and a dispersive wave with a central wavelength λd calculated as a function of the wavelength λd for the second-type PCF mode.

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