Abstract

High-rate long-haul fiber communications systems will require high-speed efficient signal regeneration. By introducing a simple semiconductor-optical-amplifier wavelength converter into the folded ultrafast nonlinear interferometer, we demonstrate a polarization-insensitive wavelength-maintaining 3R all-optical regenerator. The extinction ratio between the on and off states is 21 dB. Bit-error rate data show no error floor and <0.3-dB power penalty when compared with a baseline measurement. Moreover, changes in input polarization cause no change in performance. The regenerator maintained a constant polarization and constant output power, independent of the input polarization.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. Y. Ueno, S. Nakamura, and K. Tajima, "Penalty-free error-free all-optical data pulse regeneration at 84 Gb/s by using a symmetric-Mach-Zehnder-type semiconductor regenerator," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13, 469-471 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  2. J. Leuthold, G. Raybon, Y. Su, R. Essiambre, S. Cabot, J. Jaques, and M. Kauer, "40 Gbit/s transmission and cascaded all-optical wavelength converter over 1 000 000 km," Electron. Lett. 38, 890-892 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  3. O. Leclerc, B. Lavigne, C. Duchet, C. Janz, and E. Desurvire, "All-optical 3R regeneration," in Technical Digest of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, (Optical Society of America, Washington DC, 2000), pp. 407-408.
  4. M. Jinno, "All optical signal regularizing/regeneration using a nonlinear fiber Sagnac interferometer switch with signal-clock walk-off," J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1648-1659 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  5. N. S. Patel, K. L. Hall, and K. A. Rauschenbach, "Interferometric all-optical switches for ultrafast signal pocessing," Appl. Opt. 37, 2831-2842 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  6. A. E. Kelly, I. D. Phillips, R. J. Manning, A. D. Ellis, D. Nesset, D. G. Moodie, and R. Kashyap, "80 Gbit/s all-optical regenerative wavelength conversion using semiconductor optical amplifier based interferometer," Electron. Lett. 35, 1477-1478 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  7. B. S. Robinson, J. D. Moores, and D. T. Moriarty, "Pattern independent semiconductor-based interferometric all-optical switching using pulse-position modulation," in Technical Digest of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, (Optical Society of America, Washington DC, 2000), pp. 695-696.
  8. Y. Ueno, S. Nakamura, K. Tajima, and S. Kitamura, "3.8-THz wavelength conversion of picosecond pulses using a semiconductor delayed-interference signal-wavelength converter (DISC)," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10, 346-348 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. J. Savage, B. S. Robinson, S. A. Hamilton, and E. P. Ippen, "All-optical pulse regeneration in an ultrafast nonlinear interferometer with Faraday mirror polarization stabilization," Opt. Lett. 28, 13-15, (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. B. S. Robinson, S. A. Hamilton, S. J. Savage, and E. P. Ippen, "40 Gbit/s all-optical XOR using a fiber-based folded ultrafast nonlinear interferometer," in Technical Digest of the Optical Fiber Communications Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington DC, 2002), pp. 561-563.
  11. J. Leuthold, D. M. Marom, S. Cabot, J. J. Jaques, R. Ryf, and C. R. Giles, "All-optical wavelength conversion using a pulse reformatting optical filter," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 186-192 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  12. M. L. Nielsen, B. Lavigne, and B. Dagens, "Polarity-preserving SOA-based wavelength conversion at 40 Gbit/s using bandpass filtering," Electron. Lett. 39, 1334-1335 (2003).
    [CrossRef]

2004

2003

M. L. Nielsen, B. Lavigne, and B. Dagens, "Polarity-preserving SOA-based wavelength conversion at 40 Gbit/s using bandpass filtering," Electron. Lett. 39, 1334-1335 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. J. Savage, B. S. Robinson, S. A. Hamilton, and E. P. Ippen, "All-optical pulse regeneration in an ultrafast nonlinear interferometer with Faraday mirror polarization stabilization," Opt. Lett. 28, 13-15, (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002

J. Leuthold, G. Raybon, Y. Su, R. Essiambre, S. Cabot, J. Jaques, and M. Kauer, "40 Gbit/s transmission and cascaded all-optical wavelength converter over 1 000 000 km," Electron. Lett. 38, 890-892 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

Y. Ueno, S. Nakamura, and K. Tajima, "Penalty-free error-free all-optical data pulse regeneration at 84 Gb/s by using a symmetric-Mach-Zehnder-type semiconductor regenerator," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13, 469-471 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999

A. E. Kelly, I. D. Phillips, R. J. Manning, A. D. Ellis, D. Nesset, D. G. Moodie, and R. Kashyap, "80 Gbit/s all-optical regenerative wavelength conversion using semiconductor optical amplifier based interferometer," Electron. Lett. 35, 1477-1478 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

Y. Ueno, S. Nakamura, K. Tajima, and S. Kitamura, "3.8-THz wavelength conversion of picosecond pulses using a semiconductor delayed-interference signal-wavelength converter (DISC)," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10, 346-348 (1998).
[CrossRef]

N. S. Patel, K. L. Hall, and K. A. Rauschenbach, "Interferometric all-optical switches for ultrafast signal pocessing," Appl. Opt. 37, 2831-2842 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1994

M. Jinno, "All optical signal regularizing/regeneration using a nonlinear fiber Sagnac interferometer switch with signal-clock walk-off," J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1648-1659 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Cabot, S.

J. Leuthold, D. M. Marom, S. Cabot, J. J. Jaques, R. Ryf, and C. R. Giles, "All-optical wavelength conversion using a pulse reformatting optical filter," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 186-192 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Leuthold, G. Raybon, Y. Su, R. Essiambre, S. Cabot, J. Jaques, and M. Kauer, "40 Gbit/s transmission and cascaded all-optical wavelength converter over 1 000 000 km," Electron. Lett. 38, 890-892 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Dagens, B.

M. L. Nielsen, B. Lavigne, and B. Dagens, "Polarity-preserving SOA-based wavelength conversion at 40 Gbit/s using bandpass filtering," Electron. Lett. 39, 1334-1335 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ellis, A. D.

A. E. Kelly, I. D. Phillips, R. J. Manning, A. D. Ellis, D. Nesset, D. G. Moodie, and R. Kashyap, "80 Gbit/s all-optical regenerative wavelength conversion using semiconductor optical amplifier based interferometer," Electron. Lett. 35, 1477-1478 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Essiambre, R.

J. Leuthold, G. Raybon, Y. Su, R. Essiambre, S. Cabot, J. Jaques, and M. Kauer, "40 Gbit/s transmission and cascaded all-optical wavelength converter over 1 000 000 km," Electron. Lett. 38, 890-892 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Giles, C. R.

Hall, K. L.

Hamilton, S. A.

Ippen, E. P.

Jaques, J.

J. Leuthold, G. Raybon, Y. Su, R. Essiambre, S. Cabot, J. Jaques, and M. Kauer, "40 Gbit/s transmission and cascaded all-optical wavelength converter over 1 000 000 km," Electron. Lett. 38, 890-892 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Jaques, J. J.

Jinno, M.

M. Jinno, "All optical signal regularizing/regeneration using a nonlinear fiber Sagnac interferometer switch with signal-clock walk-off," J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1648-1659 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Kashyap, R.

A. E. Kelly, I. D. Phillips, R. J. Manning, A. D. Ellis, D. Nesset, D. G. Moodie, and R. Kashyap, "80 Gbit/s all-optical regenerative wavelength conversion using semiconductor optical amplifier based interferometer," Electron. Lett. 35, 1477-1478 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kauer, M.

J. Leuthold, G. Raybon, Y. Su, R. Essiambre, S. Cabot, J. Jaques, and M. Kauer, "40 Gbit/s transmission and cascaded all-optical wavelength converter over 1 000 000 km," Electron. Lett. 38, 890-892 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kelly, A. E.

A. E. Kelly, I. D. Phillips, R. J. Manning, A. D. Ellis, D. Nesset, D. G. Moodie, and R. Kashyap, "80 Gbit/s all-optical regenerative wavelength conversion using semiconductor optical amplifier based interferometer," Electron. Lett. 35, 1477-1478 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kitamura, S.

Y. Ueno, S. Nakamura, K. Tajima, and S. Kitamura, "3.8-THz wavelength conversion of picosecond pulses using a semiconductor delayed-interference signal-wavelength converter (DISC)," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10, 346-348 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lavigne, B.

M. L. Nielsen, B. Lavigne, and B. Dagens, "Polarity-preserving SOA-based wavelength conversion at 40 Gbit/s using bandpass filtering," Electron. Lett. 39, 1334-1335 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Leuthold, J.

J. Leuthold, D. M. Marom, S. Cabot, J. J. Jaques, R. Ryf, and C. R. Giles, "All-optical wavelength conversion using a pulse reformatting optical filter," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 186-192 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Leuthold, G. Raybon, Y. Su, R. Essiambre, S. Cabot, J. Jaques, and M. Kauer, "40 Gbit/s transmission and cascaded all-optical wavelength converter over 1 000 000 km," Electron. Lett. 38, 890-892 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Manning, R. J.

A. E. Kelly, I. D. Phillips, R. J. Manning, A. D. Ellis, D. Nesset, D. G. Moodie, and R. Kashyap, "80 Gbit/s all-optical regenerative wavelength conversion using semiconductor optical amplifier based interferometer," Electron. Lett. 35, 1477-1478 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Marom, D. M.

Moodie, D. G.

A. E. Kelly, I. D. Phillips, R. J. Manning, A. D. Ellis, D. Nesset, D. G. Moodie, and R. Kashyap, "80 Gbit/s all-optical regenerative wavelength conversion using semiconductor optical amplifier based interferometer," Electron. Lett. 35, 1477-1478 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nakamura, S.

Y. Ueno, S. Nakamura, and K. Tajima, "Penalty-free error-free all-optical data pulse regeneration at 84 Gb/s by using a symmetric-Mach-Zehnder-type semiconductor regenerator," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13, 469-471 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ueno, S. Nakamura, K. Tajima, and S. Kitamura, "3.8-THz wavelength conversion of picosecond pulses using a semiconductor delayed-interference signal-wavelength converter (DISC)," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10, 346-348 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nesset, D.

A. E. Kelly, I. D. Phillips, R. J. Manning, A. D. Ellis, D. Nesset, D. G. Moodie, and R. Kashyap, "80 Gbit/s all-optical regenerative wavelength conversion using semiconductor optical amplifier based interferometer," Electron. Lett. 35, 1477-1478 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Nielsen, M. L.

M. L. Nielsen, B. Lavigne, and B. Dagens, "Polarity-preserving SOA-based wavelength conversion at 40 Gbit/s using bandpass filtering," Electron. Lett. 39, 1334-1335 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Patel, N. S.

Phillips, I. D.

A. E. Kelly, I. D. Phillips, R. J. Manning, A. D. Ellis, D. Nesset, D. G. Moodie, and R. Kashyap, "80 Gbit/s all-optical regenerative wavelength conversion using semiconductor optical amplifier based interferometer," Electron. Lett. 35, 1477-1478 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Rauschenbach, K. A.

Raybon, G.

J. Leuthold, G. Raybon, Y. Su, R. Essiambre, S. Cabot, J. Jaques, and M. Kauer, "40 Gbit/s transmission and cascaded all-optical wavelength converter over 1 000 000 km," Electron. Lett. 38, 890-892 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Robinson, B. S.

Ryf, R.

Savage, S. J.

Su, Y.

J. Leuthold, G. Raybon, Y. Su, R. Essiambre, S. Cabot, J. Jaques, and M. Kauer, "40 Gbit/s transmission and cascaded all-optical wavelength converter over 1 000 000 km," Electron. Lett. 38, 890-892 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tajima, K.

Y. Ueno, S. Nakamura, and K. Tajima, "Penalty-free error-free all-optical data pulse regeneration at 84 Gb/s by using a symmetric-Mach-Zehnder-type semiconductor regenerator," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13, 469-471 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ueno, S. Nakamura, K. Tajima, and S. Kitamura, "3.8-THz wavelength conversion of picosecond pulses using a semiconductor delayed-interference signal-wavelength converter (DISC)," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10, 346-348 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Ueno, Y.

Y. Ueno, S. Nakamura, and K. Tajima, "Penalty-free error-free all-optical data pulse regeneration at 84 Gb/s by using a symmetric-Mach-Zehnder-type semiconductor regenerator," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13, 469-471 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ueno, S. Nakamura, K. Tajima, and S. Kitamura, "3.8-THz wavelength conversion of picosecond pulses using a semiconductor delayed-interference signal-wavelength converter (DISC)," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10, 346-348 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt.

Electron. Lett.

A. E. Kelly, I. D. Phillips, R. J. Manning, A. D. Ellis, D. Nesset, D. G. Moodie, and R. Kashyap, "80 Gbit/s all-optical regenerative wavelength conversion using semiconductor optical amplifier based interferometer," Electron. Lett. 35, 1477-1478 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Leuthold, G. Raybon, Y. Su, R. Essiambre, S. Cabot, J. Jaques, and M. Kauer, "40 Gbit/s transmission and cascaded all-optical wavelength converter over 1 000 000 km," Electron. Lett. 38, 890-892 (2002).
[CrossRef]

M. L. Nielsen, B. Lavigne, and B. Dagens, "Polarity-preserving SOA-based wavelength conversion at 40 Gbit/s using bandpass filtering," Electron. Lett. 39, 1334-1335 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.

Y. Ueno, S. Nakamura, and K. Tajima, "Penalty-free error-free all-optical data pulse regeneration at 84 Gb/s by using a symmetric-Mach-Zehnder-type semiconductor regenerator," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 13, 469-471 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Ueno, S. Nakamura, K. Tajima, and S. Kitamura, "3.8-THz wavelength conversion of picosecond pulses using a semiconductor delayed-interference signal-wavelength converter (DISC)," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 10, 346-348 (1998).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

M. Jinno, "All optical signal regularizing/regeneration using a nonlinear fiber Sagnac interferometer switch with signal-clock walk-off," J. Lightwave Technol. 12, 1648-1659 (1994).
[CrossRef]

J. Leuthold, D. M. Marom, S. Cabot, J. J. Jaques, R. Ryf, and C. R. Giles, "All-optical wavelength conversion using a pulse reformatting optical filter," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 186-192 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

Other

B. S. Robinson, S. A. Hamilton, S. J. Savage, and E. P. Ippen, "40 Gbit/s all-optical XOR using a fiber-based folded ultrafast nonlinear interferometer," in Technical Digest of the Optical Fiber Communications Conference (Optical Society of America, Washington DC, 2002), pp. 561-563.

B. S. Robinson, J. D. Moores, and D. T. Moriarty, "Pattern independent semiconductor-based interferometric all-optical switching using pulse-position modulation," in Technical Digest of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, (Optical Society of America, Washington DC, 2000), pp. 695-696.

O. Leclerc, B. Lavigne, C. Duchet, C. Janz, and E. Desurvire, "All-optical 3R regeneration," in Technical Digest of the Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, (Optical Society of America, Washington DC, 2000), pp. 407-408.

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Block diagram of the wavelength-maintaining polarization-insensitive FUNI. The SOA wavelength converter is shown in the dashed box.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Autocorrelations of the SOA wavelength converter and the wavelength-maintaining FUNI.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Bit error rates at the receiver vs. the optical power at the receiver input. BER curves are shown for the wavelength converter, the WM-FUNI, and the transmitter back-to-back measurements. The data were taken at points A (green) and B (red) in Fig. 1.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Nonlinear response curve of the FUNI shown as output power, Pout, vs. input power, Pin.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Bit error rate curves of (1) the WM-FUNI with the polarizations manually adjusted to the optimal bit error rate and (2) the WM-FUNI with a polarization scrambler at the data input.

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