Abstract

We proposed and developed a self-stable multiwavelength (4 cbannels) 10-GHz actively mode-locked Erbium-doped fiber ring laser with 0.8 nm wavelength spacing. A 1-km highly nonlinear fiber is incorporated in the laser cavity to eliminate the strong gain competitions in the homogeneously broadened EDF by multiple parametric four-wave mixing processes. The fiber nonlinearity is also helpful to provide phase locking and stabilize the output pulse. Stable laser pulses at 1556.55, 1557.36, 1558.17, and 1558.98 nm are successfully obtained simultaneously with supermode noise suppression ratio greater than 50 dB. The corresponding time-bandwidth products of four channels are 0.39 ∼ 0.41.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. B. Bakhshi and P. A. Andrekson., "Dual-wavelength 10-GHz actively mode-locked Erbium fiber laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1387-1389 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  2. K. Vlachos, C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, and H. Avramopoulos, "Ultrafast semiconductor-based fibre laser source," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 147-154 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. W. Lou, T. F. Carruthers, and M. Currie, "Mode-locked multiple-wavelength Erbium-Doped fiber lasers in a Sigma configuration," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 281-283 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  4. H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, M. Saruwatari, and J. B. Schlager, "Multi-wavelength birefringent-cavity mode-locked fiber laser," Electron. Lett. 28, 2274-2275 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  5. Y. D. Gong, M. Tang, and P. Shum, "Dual-wavelength 10-GHz actively mode-locked Erbium fiber laser incorporating highly nonlinear fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2547-2549 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. L. R. Chen, G. E. Town, P. Y. Cortès, S. LaRochelle and P. W. E. Smith, "Dual-wavelength, actively mode-locked fibre laser with 0.7 nm wavelength spacing," Electron. Lett. 361921-1923 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. Van der Linde, "Characterization of the noise in continuously operating mode-locked lasers," Appl. Phys. B 39, 201-217 (1986).
    [CrossRef]
  8. X. M. Liu, X. Zhou, and C. Lu, "Multiple four-wave mixing self-stability in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 72013811 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  9. E. Yoshida and M. Nakazawa, "Measurement of the timing jitter and pulse energy fluctuation of a PLL regenerative mode-locked fiber laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11548-550 (1999).
    [CrossRef]

2005 (2)

Y. D. Gong, M. Tang, and P. Shum, "Dual-wavelength 10-GHz actively mode-locked Erbium fiber laser incorporating highly nonlinear fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2547-2549 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. M. Liu, X. Zhou, and C. Lu, "Multiple four-wave mixing self-stability in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 72013811 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (1)

K. Vlachos, C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, and H. Avramopoulos, "Ultrafast semiconductor-based fibre laser source," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 147-154 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

J. W. Lou, T. F. Carruthers, and M. Currie, "Mode-locked multiple-wavelength Erbium-Doped fiber lasers in a Sigma configuration," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 281-283 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

L. R. Chen, G. E. Town, P. Y. Cortès, S. LaRochelle and P. W. E. Smith, "Dual-wavelength, actively mode-locked fibre laser with 0.7 nm wavelength spacing," Electron. Lett. 361921-1923 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

E. Yoshida and M. Nakazawa, "Measurement of the timing jitter and pulse energy fluctuation of a PLL regenerative mode-locked fiber laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11548-550 (1999).
[CrossRef]

B. Bakhshi and P. A. Andrekson., "Dual-wavelength 10-GHz actively mode-locked Erbium fiber laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1387-1389 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, M. Saruwatari, and J. B. Schlager, "Multi-wavelength birefringent-cavity mode-locked fiber laser," Electron. Lett. 28, 2274-2275 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1986 (1)

D. Van der Linde, "Characterization of the noise in continuously operating mode-locked lasers," Appl. Phys. B 39, 201-217 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Andrekson, P. A.

B. Bakhshi and P. A. Andrekson., "Dual-wavelength 10-GHz actively mode-locked Erbium fiber laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1387-1389 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Avramopoulos, H.

K. Vlachos, C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, and H. Avramopoulos, "Ultrafast semiconductor-based fibre laser source," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 147-154 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bakhshi, B.

B. Bakhshi and P. A. Andrekson., "Dual-wavelength 10-GHz actively mode-locked Erbium fiber laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1387-1389 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bintjas, C.

K. Vlachos, C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, and H. Avramopoulos, "Ultrafast semiconductor-based fibre laser source," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 147-154 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Carruthers, T. F.

J. W. Lou, T. F. Carruthers, and M. Currie, "Mode-locked multiple-wavelength Erbium-Doped fiber lasers in a Sigma configuration," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 281-283 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chen, L. R.

L. R. Chen, G. E. Town, P. Y. Cortès, S. LaRochelle and P. W. E. Smith, "Dual-wavelength, actively mode-locked fibre laser with 0.7 nm wavelength spacing," Electron. Lett. 361921-1923 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Cortès, P. Y.

L. R. Chen, G. E. Town, P. Y. Cortès, S. LaRochelle and P. W. E. Smith, "Dual-wavelength, actively mode-locked fibre laser with 0.7 nm wavelength spacing," Electron. Lett. 361921-1923 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Currie, M.

J. W. Lou, T. F. Carruthers, and M. Currie, "Mode-locked multiple-wavelength Erbium-Doped fiber lasers in a Sigma configuration," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 281-283 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gong, Y. D.

Y. D. Gong, M. Tang, and P. Shum, "Dual-wavelength 10-GHz actively mode-locked Erbium fiber laser incorporating highly nonlinear fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2547-2549 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kawanishi, S.

H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, M. Saruwatari, and J. B. Schlager, "Multi-wavelength birefringent-cavity mode-locked fiber laser," Electron. Lett. 28, 2274-2275 (1992).
[CrossRef]

LaRochelle, S.

L. R. Chen, G. E. Town, P. Y. Cortès, S. LaRochelle and P. W. E. Smith, "Dual-wavelength, actively mode-locked fibre laser with 0.7 nm wavelength spacing," Electron. Lett. 361921-1923 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X. M.

X. M. Liu, X. Zhou, and C. Lu, "Multiple four-wave mixing self-stability in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 72013811 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lou, J. W.

J. W. Lou, T. F. Carruthers, and M. Currie, "Mode-locked multiple-wavelength Erbium-Doped fiber lasers in a Sigma configuration," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 281-283 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lu, C.

X. M. Liu, X. Zhou, and C. Lu, "Multiple four-wave mixing self-stability in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 72013811 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nakazawa, M.

E. Yoshida and M. Nakazawa, "Measurement of the timing jitter and pulse energy fluctuation of a PLL regenerative mode-locked fiber laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11548-550 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Pleros, N.

K. Vlachos, C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, and H. Avramopoulos, "Ultrafast semiconductor-based fibre laser source," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 147-154 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Saruwatari, M.

H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, M. Saruwatari, and J. B. Schlager, "Multi-wavelength birefringent-cavity mode-locked fiber laser," Electron. Lett. 28, 2274-2275 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Schlager, J. B.

H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, M. Saruwatari, and J. B. Schlager, "Multi-wavelength birefringent-cavity mode-locked fiber laser," Electron. Lett. 28, 2274-2275 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Shum, P.

Y. D. Gong, M. Tang, and P. Shum, "Dual-wavelength 10-GHz actively mode-locked Erbium fiber laser incorporating highly nonlinear fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2547-2549 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Smith, P. W. E.

L. R. Chen, G. E. Town, P. Y. Cortès, S. LaRochelle and P. W. E. Smith, "Dual-wavelength, actively mode-locked fibre laser with 0.7 nm wavelength spacing," Electron. Lett. 361921-1923 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Takara, H.

H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, M. Saruwatari, and J. B. Schlager, "Multi-wavelength birefringent-cavity mode-locked fiber laser," Electron. Lett. 28, 2274-2275 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Tang, M.

Y. D. Gong, M. Tang, and P. Shum, "Dual-wavelength 10-GHz actively mode-locked Erbium fiber laser incorporating highly nonlinear fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2547-2549 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Town, G. E.

L. R. Chen, G. E. Town, P. Y. Cortès, S. LaRochelle and P. W. E. Smith, "Dual-wavelength, actively mode-locked fibre laser with 0.7 nm wavelength spacing," Electron. Lett. 361921-1923 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Van der Linde, D.

D. Van der Linde, "Characterization of the noise in continuously operating mode-locked lasers," Appl. Phys. B 39, 201-217 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Vlachos, K.

K. Vlachos, C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, and H. Avramopoulos, "Ultrafast semiconductor-based fibre laser source," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 147-154 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yoshida, E.

E. Yoshida and M. Nakazawa, "Measurement of the timing jitter and pulse energy fluctuation of a PLL regenerative mode-locked fiber laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11548-550 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, X.

X. M. Liu, X. Zhou, and C. Lu, "Multiple four-wave mixing self-stability in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 72013811 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

D. Van der Linde, "Characterization of the noise in continuously operating mode-locked lasers," Appl. Phys. B 39, 201-217 (1986).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

L. R. Chen, G. E. Town, P. Y. Cortès, S. LaRochelle and P. W. E. Smith, "Dual-wavelength, actively mode-locked fibre laser with 0.7 nm wavelength spacing," Electron. Lett. 361921-1923 (2000).
[CrossRef]

H. Takara, S. Kawanishi, M. Saruwatari, and J. B. Schlager, "Multi-wavelength birefringent-cavity mode-locked fiber laser," Electron. Lett. 28, 2274-2275 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

K. Vlachos, C. Bintjas, N. Pleros, and H. Avramopoulos, "Ultrafast semiconductor-based fibre laser source," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 10, 147-154 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

J. W. Lou, T. F. Carruthers, and M. Currie, "Mode-locked multiple-wavelength Erbium-Doped fiber lasers in a Sigma configuration," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 281-283 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Y. D. Gong, M. Tang, and P. Shum, "Dual-wavelength 10-GHz actively mode-locked Erbium fiber laser incorporating highly nonlinear fibers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2547-2549 (2005).
[CrossRef]

B. Bakhshi and P. A. Andrekson., "Dual-wavelength 10-GHz actively mode-locked Erbium fiber laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1387-1389 (1999).
[CrossRef]

E. Yoshida and M. Nakazawa, "Measurement of the timing jitter and pulse energy fluctuation of a PLL regenerative mode-locked fiber laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11548-550 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. A (1)

X. M. Liu, X. Zhou, and C. Lu, "Multiple four-wave mixing self-stability in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 72013811 (2005).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

System setup. TOF = tunable optical filter. CWDM is a coarse 1480/1550 nm WDM coupler.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Optical spectrum of 4-channel EDFL output. (a): CW operation, (b): Mode-locked at 10 GHz..

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Simultaneously output pulse trains of 4 channels.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

RF power spectrum of 1558.17 nm output.

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