Abstract

We demonstrated that a power limiting mechanism could potentially be used for self-adaptive, all-optical Fourier image processing. Reverse saturable absorbers like porphyrins are chosen due to their fluence dependent power limiting property, which triggers at relatively low intensities. At low input intensities, below the power-limiting threshold, the 4-f configuration will image the object onto the CCD camera without any spatial frequency filtering. As the input intensity is increased above the threshold level, dc and low spatial frequencies are blocked resulting in edge-enhanced images containing high spatial frequencies. The incident intensity sets the higher limit on the band of frequencies blocked. In addition, the use of the same experimental setup for both power limiting experiments and optical image processing demonstrates that in the case of any bright image bearing laser beam, the sensitive detectors are protected, by blocking the intense low spatial frequencies.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. Yongqiang Shi, Cheng Zhang, Hua Zhang, James H. Bechtel, Larry R. Dalton, Bruce H. Robinson, and William H. Steier, "Low (sub-1-volt) halfwave voltage polymeric electro-optic modulators achieved by controlling chromophore shape," Science 288, 119 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  2. PeterK. H. Ho, D. Stephen Thomas, Richard H. Friend, and Nir Tessler, "All-polymer optoelectronic devices," Science 285, 233 (1999).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. Xiaoyong Hu, Yuanhao Liu, Jie Tian, Bingying Cheng, and Daozhong Zhang, "Ultrafast all-optical switching in two-dimensional organic photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 121102 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  4. K. Sendhil, C. Vijayan, and M. P. Kothiyal, "Spatial phase filtering with a porphyrin derivative as phase filter in an optical image processor," Opt. Commun. 251, 292 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  5. G. Boudebs and S. Cherukulappurath, "Nonlinear optical measurements using a 4f coherent imaging system with phase objects,"Phys. Rev. A 69, 053813 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. D. V. G.L. N. Rao, F. J. Aranda, D. E. Remy, and J. F. Roach, "Third-order nonlinear optical interactions in Tetrabenzporphyrins," Int. J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. 3, 511 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  7. N. Phu Xuan, J. L. Ferrier, J. Gazengel, G. Rivoire, G. L. Breki-Iovskhikh, A. D. Kudriavtseva, A. I. Sokolovskaia, and N. V. Tcherniega, "Changes in the space structures of light beams induced by nonlinear optical phenomena: Application to phase contrast and image processing," Opt. Commun. 68, 244 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  8. P. S. Ramanujam and RolfH. Berg, "Photodimerization in dipeptides for high capacity optical digital storage,"Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1665 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  9. P. Wu, D. V. G. L. N. Rao, B. R. Kimball, M. Nakashima, and B. S. DeCristofano, "Enhancement of photoinduced anisotropy and all-optical switching in Bacteriorhodopsin films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3888 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  10. J. E. Wray, K. C. Liu, C. H. Chen, W. R. Garrett, M. G. Payne, R. Goedert, and D. Templeton, "Optical power limiting of fullerenes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2785 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  11. M. P. Joshi, J. Swiatkiewicz, Faming Xu, Paras N. Prasad, B. A. Reinhardt, Ram Kannan, "Energy transfer couplingof two-photon absorption and reverse saturable absorption for enhanced optical power limiting," Opt. Lett. 23, 1742 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  12. H. S. Nalwa and S. Miyata, Nonlinear optics of organic molecules and polymers, (CRC Press 1997).
  13. L. W. Tutt and T. F. Boggess, "A review of optical limiting mechanisms and devices using organics, fullerenes, semiconductors and other materials," Prog. Quantum Electron. 17, 299 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  14. W. Sun, C. C. Byeon, M. M. McKerns, C. M. Lawson, G. M. Gray, and D. Wang, "Optical limiting performances of asymmetric pentaazadentate porphyrin-like cadmium complexes," Appl. Phys. Letts. 73, 1167 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  15. Jian-Guo Tian, Chunping Zhang, Guangyin Zhang, and Jiangwei Li, "Position dispersion and optical limiting resulting from induced nonlinearities in Chinese tea liquids," Appl. Opt. 32, 6628 (1993).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics, (McGraw-Hill, CA 1968).
  17. T. Y. Chang, J. H. Hong and P. Yeh, "Spatial amplification: an image-processing technique using the selective amplification of spatial frequencies," Opt. Lett. 15, 743 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  18. S. Kothapalli, P. Wu, C. Yelleswarapu and D. V. G. L. N. Rao, "Medical image processing using transient Fourier holography in bacteriorhodopsin films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5836 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  19. A. Panchangam, K. V. L. N. Sastry, D. V. G. L. N. Rao, B. S. DeCristofano, B. R. Kimball, and M. Nakashima, "Processing of medical images using real-time optical fourier processing," Med. Phys. 28, 22 (2001).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  20. M. D. I. Castillo, D. Sanchex-de-la-Llave, R. R. Garcia, L. I. Olivos-Perez, L. A. Gonzalez, and M. Rodriguez-Ortiz, "Real-time self-induced nonlinear optical Zernike-type filter in a bacteriorhodopsin film," Opt. Eng. 40, 2367 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  21. Hong Liu, Jian Xu and Laurie L. Fajardo, "Optical processing architecture for analog and digital radiography," Med. Phys. 26, 648 (1999).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  22. J. Joseph, F. J. Arnanda, D. V. G. L. N. Rao, J. A. Akkara, and M. Nakashima, "Optical fourier processing using photoinduced dichroism in a bacteriorhodopsin film," Opt. Lett. 21, 1499 (1996).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  23. R. Thoma, N. Hampp, C. Brauchle, and D. Oesterhelt, "Bacteriorhodopsin films as spatial light modulators for nonlinear-optical filtering," Opt. Lett. 16, 651 (1991).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  24. TallisY. Chang, John H. Hong, and Pochi Yeh, "Spatial amplification: an image-processing technique using the selective amplification of spatial frequencies," Opt. Lett. 15, 743 (1990).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  25. M. Y. Shih, A. Shishido, and I. C. Khoo, "All-optical image processing by means of a photosensitive nonlinear liquid-crystal film: edge enhancement and image addition subtraction," Opt. Lett. 26, 1140 (2001).
    [CrossRef]

2005 (2)

Xiaoyong Hu, Yuanhao Liu, Jie Tian, Bingying Cheng, and Daozhong Zhang, "Ultrafast all-optical switching in two-dimensional organic photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 121102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Sendhil, C. Vijayan, and M. P. Kothiyal, "Spatial phase filtering with a porphyrin derivative as phase filter in an optical image processor," Opt. Commun. 251, 292 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

G. Boudebs and S. Cherukulappurath, "Nonlinear optical measurements using a 4f coherent imaging system with phase objects,"Phys. Rev. A 69, 053813 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. S. Ramanujam and RolfH. Berg, "Photodimerization in dipeptides for high capacity optical digital storage,"Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1665 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. S. Ramanujam and RolfH. Berg, "Photodimerization in dipeptides for high capacity optical digital storage,"Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1665 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Kothapalli, P. Wu, C. Yelleswarapu and D. V. G. L. N. Rao, "Medical image processing using transient Fourier holography in bacteriorhodopsin films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5836 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

P. Wu, D. V. G. L. N. Rao, B. R. Kimball, M. Nakashima, and B. S. DeCristofano, "Enhancement of photoinduced anisotropy and all-optical switching in Bacteriorhodopsin films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3888 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (3)

A. Panchangam, K. V. L. N. Sastry, D. V. G. L. N. Rao, B. S. DeCristofano, B. R. Kimball, and M. Nakashima, "Processing of medical images using real-time optical fourier processing," Med. Phys. 28, 22 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. D. I. Castillo, D. Sanchex-de-la-Llave, R. R. Garcia, L. I. Olivos-Perez, L. A. Gonzalez, and M. Rodriguez-Ortiz, "Real-time self-induced nonlinear optical Zernike-type filter in a bacteriorhodopsin film," Opt. Eng. 40, 2367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

M. Y. Shih, A. Shishido, and I. C. Khoo, "All-optical image processing by means of a photosensitive nonlinear liquid-crystal film: edge enhancement and image addition subtraction," Opt. Lett. 26, 1140 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

Yongqiang Shi, Cheng Zhang, Hua Zhang, James H. Bechtel, Larry R. Dalton, Bruce H. Robinson, and William H. Steier, "Low (sub-1-volt) halfwave voltage polymeric electro-optic modulators achieved by controlling chromophore shape," Science 288, 119 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

PeterK. H. Ho, D. Stephen Thomas, Richard H. Friend, and Nir Tessler, "All-polymer optoelectronic devices," Science 285, 233 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hong Liu, Jian Xu and Laurie L. Fajardo, "Optical processing architecture for analog and digital radiography," Med. Phys. 26, 648 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1998 (2)

W. Sun, C. C. Byeon, M. M. McKerns, C. M. Lawson, G. M. Gray, and D. Wang, "Optical limiting performances of asymmetric pentaazadentate porphyrin-like cadmium complexes," Appl. Phys. Letts. 73, 1167 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. P. Joshi, J. Swiatkiewicz, Faming Xu, Paras N. Prasad, B. A. Reinhardt, Ram Kannan, "Energy transfer couplingof two-photon absorption and reverse saturable absorption for enhanced optical power limiting," Opt. Lett. 23, 1742 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

1994 (2)

J. E. Wray, K. C. Liu, C. H. Chen, W. R. Garrett, M. G. Payne, R. Goedert, and D. Templeton, "Optical power limiting of fullerenes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2785 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. V. G.L. N. Rao, F. J. Aranda, D. E. Remy, and J. F. Roach, "Third-order nonlinear optical interactions in Tetrabenzporphyrins," Int. J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. 3, 511 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (2)

Jian-Guo Tian, Chunping Zhang, Guangyin Zhang, and Jiangwei Li, "Position dispersion and optical limiting resulting from induced nonlinearities in Chinese tea liquids," Appl. Opt. 32, 6628 (1993).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

L. W. Tutt and T. F. Boggess, "A review of optical limiting mechanisms and devices using organics, fullerenes, semiconductors and other materials," Prog. Quantum Electron. 17, 299 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

1990 (2)

1988 (1)

N. Phu Xuan, J. L. Ferrier, J. Gazengel, G. Rivoire, G. L. Breki-Iovskhikh, A. D. Kudriavtseva, A. I. Sokolovskaia, and N. V. Tcherniega, "Changes in the space structures of light beams induced by nonlinear optical phenomena: Application to phase contrast and image processing," Opt. Commun. 68, 244 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Akkara, J. A.

Aranda, F. J.

D. V. G.L. N. Rao, F. J. Aranda, D. E. Remy, and J. F. Roach, "Third-order nonlinear optical interactions in Tetrabenzporphyrins," Int. J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. 3, 511 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Arnanda, F. J.

Boggess, T. F.

L. W. Tutt and T. F. Boggess, "A review of optical limiting mechanisms and devices using organics, fullerenes, semiconductors and other materials," Prog. Quantum Electron. 17, 299 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Boudebs, G.

G. Boudebs and S. Cherukulappurath, "Nonlinear optical measurements using a 4f coherent imaging system with phase objects,"Phys. Rev. A 69, 053813 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Brauchle, C.

Breki-Iovskhikh, G. L.

N. Phu Xuan, J. L. Ferrier, J. Gazengel, G. Rivoire, G. L. Breki-Iovskhikh, A. D. Kudriavtseva, A. I. Sokolovskaia, and N. V. Tcherniega, "Changes in the space structures of light beams induced by nonlinear optical phenomena: Application to phase contrast and image processing," Opt. Commun. 68, 244 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Byeon, C. C.

W. Sun, C. C. Byeon, M. M. McKerns, C. M. Lawson, G. M. Gray, and D. Wang, "Optical limiting performances of asymmetric pentaazadentate porphyrin-like cadmium complexes," Appl. Phys. Letts. 73, 1167 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Castillo, M. D. I.

M. D. I. Castillo, D. Sanchex-de-la-Llave, R. R. Garcia, L. I. Olivos-Perez, L. A. Gonzalez, and M. Rodriguez-Ortiz, "Real-time self-induced nonlinear optical Zernike-type filter in a bacteriorhodopsin film," Opt. Eng. 40, 2367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chang, T. Y.

Chen, C. H.

J. E. Wray, K. C. Liu, C. H. Chen, W. R. Garrett, M. G. Payne, R. Goedert, and D. Templeton, "Optical power limiting of fullerenes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2785 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Cherukulappurath, S.

G. Boudebs and S. Cherukulappurath, "Nonlinear optical measurements using a 4f coherent imaging system with phase objects,"Phys. Rev. A 69, 053813 (2004).
[CrossRef]

DeCristofano, B. S.

P. Wu, D. V. G. L. N. Rao, B. R. Kimball, M. Nakashima, and B. S. DeCristofano, "Enhancement of photoinduced anisotropy and all-optical switching in Bacteriorhodopsin films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3888 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Panchangam, K. V. L. N. Sastry, D. V. G. L. N. Rao, B. S. DeCristofano, B. R. Kimball, and M. Nakashima, "Processing of medical images using real-time optical fourier processing," Med. Phys. 28, 22 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ferrier, J. L.

N. Phu Xuan, J. L. Ferrier, J. Gazengel, G. Rivoire, G. L. Breki-Iovskhikh, A. D. Kudriavtseva, A. I. Sokolovskaia, and N. V. Tcherniega, "Changes in the space structures of light beams induced by nonlinear optical phenomena: Application to phase contrast and image processing," Opt. Commun. 68, 244 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Garcia, R. R.

M. D. I. Castillo, D. Sanchex-de-la-Llave, R. R. Garcia, L. I. Olivos-Perez, L. A. Gonzalez, and M. Rodriguez-Ortiz, "Real-time self-induced nonlinear optical Zernike-type filter in a bacteriorhodopsin film," Opt. Eng. 40, 2367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Garrett, W. R.

J. E. Wray, K. C. Liu, C. H. Chen, W. R. Garrett, M. G. Payne, R. Goedert, and D. Templeton, "Optical power limiting of fullerenes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2785 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Gazengel, J.

N. Phu Xuan, J. L. Ferrier, J. Gazengel, G. Rivoire, G. L. Breki-Iovskhikh, A. D. Kudriavtseva, A. I. Sokolovskaia, and N. V. Tcherniega, "Changes in the space structures of light beams induced by nonlinear optical phenomena: Application to phase contrast and image processing," Opt. Commun. 68, 244 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Goedert, R.

J. E. Wray, K. C. Liu, C. H. Chen, W. R. Garrett, M. G. Payne, R. Goedert, and D. Templeton, "Optical power limiting of fullerenes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2785 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Gonzalez, L. A.

M. D. I. Castillo, D. Sanchex-de-la-Llave, R. R. Garcia, L. I. Olivos-Perez, L. A. Gonzalez, and M. Rodriguez-Ortiz, "Real-time self-induced nonlinear optical Zernike-type filter in a bacteriorhodopsin film," Opt. Eng. 40, 2367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gray, G. M.

W. Sun, C. C. Byeon, M. M. McKerns, C. M. Lawson, G. M. Gray, and D. Wang, "Optical limiting performances of asymmetric pentaazadentate porphyrin-like cadmium complexes," Appl. Phys. Letts. 73, 1167 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hampp, N.

Hong, J. H.

Joseph, J.

Joshi, M. P.

Khoo, I. C.

Kimball, B. R.

P. Wu, D. V. G. L. N. Rao, B. R. Kimball, M. Nakashima, and B. S. DeCristofano, "Enhancement of photoinduced anisotropy and all-optical switching in Bacteriorhodopsin films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3888 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Panchangam, K. V. L. N. Sastry, D. V. G. L. N. Rao, B. S. DeCristofano, B. R. Kimball, and M. Nakashima, "Processing of medical images using real-time optical fourier processing," Med. Phys. 28, 22 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kothapalli, S.

S. Kothapalli, P. Wu, C. Yelleswarapu and D. V. G. L. N. Rao, "Medical image processing using transient Fourier holography in bacteriorhodopsin films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5836 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Kothiyal, M. P.

K. Sendhil, C. Vijayan, and M. P. Kothiyal, "Spatial phase filtering with a porphyrin derivative as phase filter in an optical image processor," Opt. Commun. 251, 292 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Kudriavtseva, A. D.

N. Phu Xuan, J. L. Ferrier, J. Gazengel, G. Rivoire, G. L. Breki-Iovskhikh, A. D. Kudriavtseva, A. I. Sokolovskaia, and N. V. Tcherniega, "Changes in the space structures of light beams induced by nonlinear optical phenomena: Application to phase contrast and image processing," Opt. Commun. 68, 244 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Lawson, C. M.

W. Sun, C. C. Byeon, M. M. McKerns, C. M. Lawson, G. M. Gray, and D. Wang, "Optical limiting performances of asymmetric pentaazadentate porphyrin-like cadmium complexes," Appl. Phys. Letts. 73, 1167 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Liu, K. C.

J. E. Wray, K. C. Liu, C. H. Chen, W. R. Garrett, M. G. Payne, R. Goedert, and D. Templeton, "Optical power limiting of fullerenes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2785 (1994).
[CrossRef]

McKerns, M. M.

W. Sun, C. C. Byeon, M. M. McKerns, C. M. Lawson, G. M. Gray, and D. Wang, "Optical limiting performances of asymmetric pentaazadentate porphyrin-like cadmium complexes," Appl. Phys. Letts. 73, 1167 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nakashima, M.

P. Wu, D. V. G. L. N. Rao, B. R. Kimball, M. Nakashima, and B. S. DeCristofano, "Enhancement of photoinduced anisotropy and all-optical switching in Bacteriorhodopsin films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3888 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Panchangam, K. V. L. N. Sastry, D. V. G. L. N. Rao, B. S. DeCristofano, B. R. Kimball, and M. Nakashima, "Processing of medical images using real-time optical fourier processing," Med. Phys. 28, 22 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Joseph, F. J. Arnanda, D. V. G. L. N. Rao, J. A. Akkara, and M. Nakashima, "Optical fourier processing using photoinduced dichroism in a bacteriorhodopsin film," Opt. Lett. 21, 1499 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Oesterhelt, D.

Olivos-Perez, L. I.

M. D. I. Castillo, D. Sanchex-de-la-Llave, R. R. Garcia, L. I. Olivos-Perez, L. A. Gonzalez, and M. Rodriguez-Ortiz, "Real-time self-induced nonlinear optical Zernike-type filter in a bacteriorhodopsin film," Opt. Eng. 40, 2367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Panchangam, A.

A. Panchangam, K. V. L. N. Sastry, D. V. G. L. N. Rao, B. S. DeCristofano, B. R. Kimball, and M. Nakashima, "Processing of medical images using real-time optical fourier processing," Med. Phys. 28, 22 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Payne, M. G.

J. E. Wray, K. C. Liu, C. H. Chen, W. R. Garrett, M. G. Payne, R. Goedert, and D. Templeton, "Optical power limiting of fullerenes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2785 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Peter,

PeterK. H. Ho, D. Stephen Thomas, Richard H. Friend, and Nir Tessler, "All-polymer optoelectronic devices," Science 285, 233 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phu Xuan, N.

N. Phu Xuan, J. L. Ferrier, J. Gazengel, G. Rivoire, G. L. Breki-Iovskhikh, A. D. Kudriavtseva, A. I. Sokolovskaia, and N. V. Tcherniega, "Changes in the space structures of light beams induced by nonlinear optical phenomena: Application to phase contrast and image processing," Opt. Commun. 68, 244 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Ramanujam, P. S.

P. S. Ramanujam and RolfH. Berg, "Photodimerization in dipeptides for high capacity optical digital storage,"Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1665 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Rao, D. V. G. L. N.

S. Kothapalli, P. Wu, C. Yelleswarapu and D. V. G. L. N. Rao, "Medical image processing using transient Fourier holography in bacteriorhodopsin films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5836 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. Wu, D. V. G. L. N. Rao, B. R. Kimball, M. Nakashima, and B. S. DeCristofano, "Enhancement of photoinduced anisotropy and all-optical switching in Bacteriorhodopsin films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3888 (2002).
[CrossRef]

A. Panchangam, K. V. L. N. Sastry, D. V. G. L. N. Rao, B. S. DeCristofano, B. R. Kimball, and M. Nakashima, "Processing of medical images using real-time optical fourier processing," Med. Phys. 28, 22 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Joseph, F. J. Arnanda, D. V. G. L. N. Rao, J. A. Akkara, and M. Nakashima, "Optical fourier processing using photoinduced dichroism in a bacteriorhodopsin film," Opt. Lett. 21, 1499 (1996).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rao, D. V. G.L. N.

D. V. G.L. N. Rao, F. J. Aranda, D. E. Remy, and J. F. Roach, "Third-order nonlinear optical interactions in Tetrabenzporphyrins," Int. J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. 3, 511 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Remy, D. E.

D. V. G.L. N. Rao, F. J. Aranda, D. E. Remy, and J. F. Roach, "Third-order nonlinear optical interactions in Tetrabenzporphyrins," Int. J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. 3, 511 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Rivoire, G.

N. Phu Xuan, J. L. Ferrier, J. Gazengel, G. Rivoire, G. L. Breki-Iovskhikh, A. D. Kudriavtseva, A. I. Sokolovskaia, and N. V. Tcherniega, "Changes in the space structures of light beams induced by nonlinear optical phenomena: Application to phase contrast and image processing," Opt. Commun. 68, 244 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Roach, J. F.

D. V. G.L. N. Rao, F. J. Aranda, D. E. Remy, and J. F. Roach, "Third-order nonlinear optical interactions in Tetrabenzporphyrins," Int. J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. 3, 511 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Rodriguez-Ortiz, M.

M. D. I. Castillo, D. Sanchex-de-la-Llave, R. R. Garcia, L. I. Olivos-Perez, L. A. Gonzalez, and M. Rodriguez-Ortiz, "Real-time self-induced nonlinear optical Zernike-type filter in a bacteriorhodopsin film," Opt. Eng. 40, 2367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Rolf, P. S.

P. S. Ramanujam and RolfH. Berg, "Photodimerization in dipeptides for high capacity optical digital storage,"Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1665 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sanchex-de-la-Llave, D.

M. D. I. Castillo, D. Sanchex-de-la-Llave, R. R. Garcia, L. I. Olivos-Perez, L. A. Gonzalez, and M. Rodriguez-Ortiz, "Real-time self-induced nonlinear optical Zernike-type filter in a bacteriorhodopsin film," Opt. Eng. 40, 2367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sastry, K. V. L. N.

A. Panchangam, K. V. L. N. Sastry, D. V. G. L. N. Rao, B. S. DeCristofano, B. R. Kimball, and M. Nakashima, "Processing of medical images using real-time optical fourier processing," Med. Phys. 28, 22 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sendhil, K.

K. Sendhil, C. Vijayan, and M. P. Kothiyal, "Spatial phase filtering with a porphyrin derivative as phase filter in an optical image processor," Opt. Commun. 251, 292 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Shih, M. Y.

Shishido, A.

Sokolovskaia, A. I.

N. Phu Xuan, J. L. Ferrier, J. Gazengel, G. Rivoire, G. L. Breki-Iovskhikh, A. D. Kudriavtseva, A. I. Sokolovskaia, and N. V. Tcherniega, "Changes in the space structures of light beams induced by nonlinear optical phenomena: Application to phase contrast and image processing," Opt. Commun. 68, 244 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Sun, W.

W. Sun, C. C. Byeon, M. M. McKerns, C. M. Lawson, G. M. Gray, and D. Wang, "Optical limiting performances of asymmetric pentaazadentate porphyrin-like cadmium complexes," Appl. Phys. Letts. 73, 1167 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Swiatkiewicz, J.

Tallis,

Tcherniega, N. V.

N. Phu Xuan, J. L. Ferrier, J. Gazengel, G. Rivoire, G. L. Breki-Iovskhikh, A. D. Kudriavtseva, A. I. Sokolovskaia, and N. V. Tcherniega, "Changes in the space structures of light beams induced by nonlinear optical phenomena: Application to phase contrast and image processing," Opt. Commun. 68, 244 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Templeton, D.

J. E. Wray, K. C. Liu, C. H. Chen, W. R. Garrett, M. G. Payne, R. Goedert, and D. Templeton, "Optical power limiting of fullerenes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2785 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Thoma, R.

Tutt, L. W.

L. W. Tutt and T. F. Boggess, "A review of optical limiting mechanisms and devices using organics, fullerenes, semiconductors and other materials," Prog. Quantum Electron. 17, 299 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Vijayan, C.

K. Sendhil, C. Vijayan, and M. P. Kothiyal, "Spatial phase filtering with a porphyrin derivative as phase filter in an optical image processor," Opt. Commun. 251, 292 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wang, D.

W. Sun, C. C. Byeon, M. M. McKerns, C. M. Lawson, G. M. Gray, and D. Wang, "Optical limiting performances of asymmetric pentaazadentate porphyrin-like cadmium complexes," Appl. Phys. Letts. 73, 1167 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wray, J. E.

J. E. Wray, K. C. Liu, C. H. Chen, W. R. Garrett, M. G. Payne, R. Goedert, and D. Templeton, "Optical power limiting of fullerenes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2785 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Wu, P.

S. Kothapalli, P. Wu, C. Yelleswarapu and D. V. G. L. N. Rao, "Medical image processing using transient Fourier holography in bacteriorhodopsin films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5836 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. Wu, D. V. G. L. N. Rao, B. R. Kimball, M. Nakashima, and B. S. DeCristofano, "Enhancement of photoinduced anisotropy and all-optical switching in Bacteriorhodopsin films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3888 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, P.

Yelleswarapu, C.

S. Kothapalli, P. Wu, C. Yelleswarapu and D. V. G. L. N. Rao, "Medical image processing using transient Fourier holography in bacteriorhodopsin films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5836 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

Xiaoyong Hu, Yuanhao Liu, Jie Tian, Bingying Cheng, and Daozhong Zhang, "Ultrafast all-optical switching in two-dimensional organic photonic crystals," Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 121102 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. S. Ramanujam and RolfH. Berg, "Photodimerization in dipeptides for high capacity optical digital storage,"Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1665 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. Wu, D. V. G. L. N. Rao, B. R. Kimball, M. Nakashima, and B. S. DeCristofano, "Enhancement of photoinduced anisotropy and all-optical switching in Bacteriorhodopsin films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 81, 3888 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. E. Wray, K. C. Liu, C. H. Chen, W. R. Garrett, M. G. Payne, R. Goedert, and D. Templeton, "Optical power limiting of fullerenes," Appl. Phys. Lett. 64, 2785 (1994).
[CrossRef]

S. Kothapalli, P. Wu, C. Yelleswarapu and D. V. G. L. N. Rao, "Medical image processing using transient Fourier holography in bacteriorhodopsin films," Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 5836 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Letts. (1)

W. Sun, C. C. Byeon, M. M. McKerns, C. M. Lawson, G. M. Gray, and D. Wang, "Optical limiting performances of asymmetric pentaazadentate porphyrin-like cadmium complexes," Appl. Phys. Letts. 73, 1167 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Int. J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. (1)

D. V. G.L. N. Rao, F. J. Aranda, D. E. Remy, and J. F. Roach, "Third-order nonlinear optical interactions in Tetrabenzporphyrins," Int. J. Nonlinear Opt. Phys. 3, 511 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Med. Phys. (2)

A. Panchangam, K. V. L. N. Sastry, D. V. G. L. N. Rao, B. S. DeCristofano, B. R. Kimball, and M. Nakashima, "Processing of medical images using real-time optical fourier processing," Med. Phys. 28, 22 (2001).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hong Liu, Jian Xu and Laurie L. Fajardo, "Optical processing architecture for analog and digital radiography," Med. Phys. 26, 648 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Commun. (2)

N. Phu Xuan, J. L. Ferrier, J. Gazengel, G. Rivoire, G. L. Breki-Iovskhikh, A. D. Kudriavtseva, A. I. Sokolovskaia, and N. V. Tcherniega, "Changes in the space structures of light beams induced by nonlinear optical phenomena: Application to phase contrast and image processing," Opt. Commun. 68, 244 (1988).
[CrossRef]

K. Sendhil, C. Vijayan, and M. P. Kothiyal, "Spatial phase filtering with a porphyrin derivative as phase filter in an optical image processor," Opt. Commun. 251, 292 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Eng. (1)

M. D. I. Castillo, D. Sanchex-de-la-Llave, R. R. Garcia, L. I. Olivos-Perez, L. A. Gonzalez, and M. Rodriguez-Ortiz, "Real-time self-induced nonlinear optical Zernike-type filter in a bacteriorhodopsin film," Opt. Eng. 40, 2367 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (6)

Phys. Rev. A (1)

G. Boudebs and S. Cherukulappurath, "Nonlinear optical measurements using a 4f coherent imaging system with phase objects,"Phys. Rev. A 69, 053813 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Prog. Quantum Electron. (1)

L. W. Tutt and T. F. Boggess, "A review of optical limiting mechanisms and devices using organics, fullerenes, semiconductors and other materials," Prog. Quantum Electron. 17, 299 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Science (2)

Yongqiang Shi, Cheng Zhang, Hua Zhang, James H. Bechtel, Larry R. Dalton, Bruce H. Robinson, and William H. Steier, "Low (sub-1-volt) halfwave voltage polymeric electro-optic modulators achieved by controlling chromophore shape," Science 288, 119 (2000).
[CrossRef]

PeterK. H. Ho, D. Stephen Thomas, Richard H. Friend, and Nir Tessler, "All-polymer optoelectronic devices," Science 285, 233 (1999).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (2)

H. S. Nalwa and S. Miyata, Nonlinear optics of organic molecules and polymers, (CRC Press 1997).

J. W. Goodman, Introduction to Fourier Optics, (McGraw-Hill, CA 1968).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of the experimental setup used to observe the edge enhancement using the nanosecond laser. Inlet shows the Fourier spectrum beam profile. NDF: neutral density filter; CL: collimating lens; and Ls: lenses. Sample cell has 2mm path length and contains Porphyrin solution as a nonlinear absorbing medium.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

(a) Power limiting characteristic display of sample 1. (b) Processed images showing the edge enhancement of the object E. (i) thru (iv) are the points where the processed images are captured using CCD camera.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Experiment results demonstrating the continuous band-block processing of grating chart. Images are captured by CCD camera at various input intensity (a) 0.02 mJ, (b) 0.05 mJ, (c) 0.47 mJ, and (d) 0.7 mJ.

Metrics