Abstract

We present a detailed study of photophysical properties of single color centers in natural diamond samples emitting in the near infrared under optical excitation. Photoluminescence of these single emitters has several striking features, including narrow-band (FWHM 2 nm) fully polarized emission around 780 nm, a short excited-state lifetime of about 2 ns, and perfect photostability at room temperature under our excitation conditions. Development of a triggered single-photon source relying on this single color center is discussed for application to quantum key distribution.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. P. Grangier, B. Sanders, and J. Vučković editors, “Focus on Single Photons on Demand,” New J. Phys. 6 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  2. C.H. Bennett and G. Brassard, “Quantum cryptography: public key distribution and coin tossing,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computers, Systems & Signal Processing (Bangalore, India), 175–179 (1984).
  3. N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum cryptography,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145–195 (2002).
    [Crossref]
  4. C. Gerry and P. Knight, Introductory quantum optics (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2005).
  5. N. Lütkenhaus, “Estimates for practical quantum cryptography,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 3301–3320 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  6. A. Beveratos, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, A. Villing, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Single photon quantum cryptography,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 187901 (2002).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  7. R. Alléaume, F. Treussart, G. Messin, Y. Dumeige, J.-F. Roch, A. Beveratos, R. Brouri-Tualle, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Experimental open-air quantum key distribution with a single-photon source,” New J. Phys. 6, 92 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  8. W.-Y. Hwang, “Quantum key distribution with high loss: toward global secure communication,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 057901 (2003).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  9. H.-K. Lo, X. Ma, and K. Chen, “Decoy state quantum key distribution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 230504, 2005.
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  10. P. Grangier, G. Roger, and A. Aspect, “Experimental evidence for a photon anticorrelation effect on a beam splitter: a new light on single-photon interferences,” Europhys. Lett. 1, 173–179 (1986).
    [Crossref]
  11. C.K. Hong and L. Mandel, “Experimental realization of a localized one-photon state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 58–60 (1986).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  12. S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength,” New J. Phys. 6, 163 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  13. O. Alibart, D.B. Ostrowsky, P. Baldi, and S. Tanzilli, “High performance guided-wave asynchroneous heralded single-photon source,” Opt. Lett. 30, 1539–1541 (2005).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  14. R. Alléaume, J.-F. Roch, D. Subacius, A. Zavriyev, and A. Trifonov, “Fiber-optics quantum cryptography with single photons,” AIP Conference Proceedings 734, 287–290 (2004).
    [Crossref]
  15. R. Brouri, A. Beveratos, J.-Ph. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Single-photon generation by pulsed excitation of a single dipole,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 063817–063823 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  16. F. De Martini, G. Di Giuseppe, and M. Marrocco, “Single-mode generation of quantum photon states by excited single molecules in a microcavity trap,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 900–903 (1996).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  17. A. Beveratos, S. Kühn, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Room temperature stable single photon source,” Eur. Phys. J. D 18, 191 (2002).
    [Crossref]
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    [Crossref]
  20. J. Rabeau, Y. Chin, S. Prawer, F. Jelezko, T. Gaebel, and J. Wrachtrup, “Fabrication of single nickel-nitrogen defects in diamond by chemical vapor deposition,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 131926 (2005).
    [Crossref]
  21. V. Nadolinny, A. Yelisseyev, J. Baker, M. Newton, D. Twitchen, S. Lawson, O. Yuryeva, and B. Feigelson, “A study of 13C hyperfine structure in the EPR of nickel-nitrogen-containing centres in diamond and correlation with optical properties,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter. 11, 7357–7376 (1999).
    [Crossref]
  22. Their are four covalent bonds between nitrogen atoms and the nickel defect, but the electrons shared in each bond come from one atom species only, which is the specificity of coordination-type bond.
  23. R. Brouri, A. Beveratos, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Photon antibunching in the fluorescence of individual colored centers in diamond,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1294–1296 (2000).
    [Crossref]
  24. J. Isberg, J. Hammersberg, E. Johansson, T. WikstrÖm, D. Twitchen, A. Whitehead, S. Coe, and G. Scarsbrook, “High carrier mobility in single-crystal plasma-deposited diamond,” Science 297, 1670–1672 (2002).
    [Crossref] [PubMed]
  25. A. Beveratos, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Nonclassical radiation from diamond nanocrystal,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 061802 (2001).
    [Crossref]
  26. S. Reynaud, “La fluorescence de résonance: étude par la méthode de l’atome habillé,” Ann. Phys. Fr. 8, 315–370 (1983).
  27. A. Yelisseyev, S. Lawson, I. Sildos, A. Osvet, V. Nadolinny, B. Feigelson, J.M. Baker, M. Newton, and O. Yuryeva, “Effect of HPHT annealing on the photoluminescence of synthetic diamonds grown in the Fe-Ni-C system,” Diamond Relat. Mater. 12, 2147–2168 (2003).
    [Crossref]
  28. S. Kitson, P. Jonsson, J. Rarity, and P. Tapster, ”Intensity fluctuation spectroscopy of small number of dye molecules in a microcavity,” Phys. Rev. A 58, 620–627 (1998).
    [Crossref]
  29. F. Treussart, A. Clouqueur, C. Grossman, and J.-F. Roch, “Photon antibunching in the fluorescence of a single dye molecule embedded in a thin polymer film,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1504–1506 (2001).
    [Crossref]

2005 (3)

H.-K. Lo, X. Ma, and K. Chen, “Decoy state quantum key distribution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 230504, 2005.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

J. Rabeau, Y. Chin, S. Prawer, F. Jelezko, T. Gaebel, and J. Wrachtrup, “Fabrication of single nickel-nitrogen defects in diamond by chemical vapor deposition,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 131926 (2005).
[Crossref]

O. Alibart, D.B. Ostrowsky, P. Baldi, and S. Tanzilli, “High performance guided-wave asynchroneous heralded single-photon source,” Opt. Lett. 30, 1539–1541 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

2004 (5)

T. Gaebel, I. Popa, A. Gruber, M. Domhan, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Stable single-photon source in the near infrared,” New J. Phys. 6, 98 (2004).
[Crossref]

P. Grangier, B. Sanders, and J. Vučković editors, “Focus on Single Photons on Demand,” New J. Phys. 6 (2004).
[Crossref]

R. Alléaume, F. Treussart, G. Messin, Y. Dumeige, J.-F. Roch, A. Beveratos, R. Brouri-Tualle, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Experimental open-air quantum key distribution with a single-photon source,” New J. Phys. 6, 92 (2004).
[Crossref]

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength,” New J. Phys. 6, 163 (2004).
[Crossref]

R. Alléaume, J.-F. Roch, D. Subacius, A. Zavriyev, and A. Trifonov, “Fiber-optics quantum cryptography with single photons,” AIP Conference Proceedings 734, 287–290 (2004).
[Crossref]

2003 (2)

W.-Y. Hwang, “Quantum key distribution with high loss: toward global secure communication,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 057901 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Yelisseyev, S. Lawson, I. Sildos, A. Osvet, V. Nadolinny, B. Feigelson, J.M. Baker, M. Newton, and O. Yuryeva, “Effect of HPHT annealing on the photoluminescence of synthetic diamonds grown in the Fe-Ni-C system,” Diamond Relat. Mater. 12, 2147–2168 (2003).
[Crossref]

2002 (4)

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum cryptography,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145–195 (2002).
[Crossref]

J. Isberg, J. Hammersberg, E. Johansson, T. WikstrÖm, D. Twitchen, A. Whitehead, S. Coe, and G. Scarsbrook, “High carrier mobility in single-crystal plasma-deposited diamond,” Science 297, 1670–1672 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Beveratos, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, A. Villing, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Single photon quantum cryptography,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 187901 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Beveratos, S. Kühn, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Room temperature stable single photon source,” Eur. Phys. J. D 18, 191 (2002).
[Crossref]

2001 (2)

A. Beveratos, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Nonclassical radiation from diamond nanocrystal,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 061802 (2001).
[Crossref]

F. Treussart, A. Clouqueur, C. Grossman, and J.-F. Roch, “Photon antibunching in the fluorescence of a single dye molecule embedded in a thin polymer film,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1504–1506 (2001).
[Crossref]

2000 (2)

R. Brouri, A. Beveratos, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Photon antibunching in the fluorescence of individual colored centers in diamond,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1294–1296 (2000).
[Crossref]

R. Brouri, A. Beveratos, J.-Ph. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Single-photon generation by pulsed excitation of a single dipole,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 063817–063823 (2000).
[Crossref]

1999 (2)

N. Lütkenhaus, “Estimates for practical quantum cryptography,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 3301–3320 (1999).
[Crossref]

V. Nadolinny, A. Yelisseyev, J. Baker, M. Newton, D. Twitchen, S. Lawson, O. Yuryeva, and B. Feigelson, “A study of 13C hyperfine structure in the EPR of nickel-nitrogen-containing centres in diamond and correlation with optical properties,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter. 11, 7357–7376 (1999).
[Crossref]

1998 (1)

S. Kitson, P. Jonsson, J. Rarity, and P. Tapster, ”Intensity fluctuation spectroscopy of small number of dye molecules in a microcavity,” Phys. Rev. A 58, 620–627 (1998).
[Crossref]

1996 (1)

F. De Martini, G. Di Giuseppe, and M. Marrocco, “Single-mode generation of quantum photon states by excited single molecules in a microcavity trap,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 900–903 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1986 (2)

P. Grangier, G. Roger, and A. Aspect, “Experimental evidence for a photon anticorrelation effect on a beam splitter: a new light on single-photon interferences,” Europhys. Lett. 1, 173–179 (1986).
[Crossref]

C.K. Hong and L. Mandel, “Experimental realization of a localized one-photon state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 58–60 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

1983 (1)

S. Reynaud, “La fluorescence de résonance: étude par la méthode de l’atome habillé,” Ann. Phys. Fr. 8, 315–370 (1983).

Alibart, O.

O. Alibart, D.B. Ostrowsky, P. Baldi, and S. Tanzilli, “High performance guided-wave asynchroneous heralded single-photon source,” Opt. Lett. 30, 1539–1541 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength,” New J. Phys. 6, 163 (2004).
[Crossref]

Alléaume, R.

R. Alléaume, J.-F. Roch, D. Subacius, A. Zavriyev, and A. Trifonov, “Fiber-optics quantum cryptography with single photons,” AIP Conference Proceedings 734, 287–290 (2004).
[Crossref]

R. Alléaume, F. Treussart, G. Messin, Y. Dumeige, J.-F. Roch, A. Beveratos, R. Brouri-Tualle, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Experimental open-air quantum key distribution with a single-photon source,” New J. Phys. 6, 92 (2004).
[Crossref]

Aspect, A.

P. Grangier, G. Roger, and A. Aspect, “Experimental evidence for a photon anticorrelation effect on a beam splitter: a new light on single-photon interferences,” Europhys. Lett. 1, 173–179 (1986).
[Crossref]

Baker, J.

V. Nadolinny, A. Yelisseyev, J. Baker, M. Newton, D. Twitchen, S. Lawson, O. Yuryeva, and B. Feigelson, “A study of 13C hyperfine structure in the EPR of nickel-nitrogen-containing centres in diamond and correlation with optical properties,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter. 11, 7357–7376 (1999).
[Crossref]

Baker, J.M.

A. Yelisseyev, S. Lawson, I. Sildos, A. Osvet, V. Nadolinny, B. Feigelson, J.M. Baker, M. Newton, and O. Yuryeva, “Effect of HPHT annealing on the photoluminescence of synthetic diamonds grown in the Fe-Ni-C system,” Diamond Relat. Mater. 12, 2147–2168 (2003).
[Crossref]

Baldi, P.

O. Alibart, D.B. Ostrowsky, P. Baldi, and S. Tanzilli, “High performance guided-wave asynchroneous heralded single-photon source,” Opt. Lett. 30, 1539–1541 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength,” New J. Phys. 6, 163 (2004).
[Crossref]

Bennett, C.H.

C.H. Bennett and G. Brassard, “Quantum cryptography: public key distribution and coin tossing,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computers, Systems & Signal Processing (Bangalore, India), 175–179 (1984).

Beveratos, A.

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength,” New J. Phys. 6, 163 (2004).
[Crossref]

R. Alléaume, F. Treussart, G. Messin, Y. Dumeige, J.-F. Roch, A. Beveratos, R. Brouri-Tualle, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Experimental open-air quantum key distribution with a single-photon source,” New J. Phys. 6, 92 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. Beveratos, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, A. Villing, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Single photon quantum cryptography,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 187901 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Beveratos, S. Kühn, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Room temperature stable single photon source,” Eur. Phys. J. D 18, 191 (2002).
[Crossref]

A. Beveratos, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Nonclassical radiation from diamond nanocrystal,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 061802 (2001).
[Crossref]

R. Brouri, A. Beveratos, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Photon antibunching in the fluorescence of individual colored centers in diamond,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1294–1296 (2000).
[Crossref]

R. Brouri, A. Beveratos, J.-Ph. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Single-photon generation by pulsed excitation of a single dipole,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 063817–063823 (2000).
[Crossref]

Brassard, G.

C.H. Bennett and G. Brassard, “Quantum cryptography: public key distribution and coin tossing,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computers, Systems & Signal Processing (Bangalore, India), 175–179 (1984).

Brouri, R.

A. Beveratos, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, A. Villing, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Single photon quantum cryptography,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 187901 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Beveratos, S. Kühn, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Room temperature stable single photon source,” Eur. Phys. J. D 18, 191 (2002).
[Crossref]

A. Beveratos, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Nonclassical radiation from diamond nanocrystal,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 061802 (2001).
[Crossref]

R. Brouri, A. Beveratos, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Photon antibunching in the fluorescence of individual colored centers in diamond,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1294–1296 (2000).
[Crossref]

R. Brouri, A. Beveratos, J.-Ph. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Single-photon generation by pulsed excitation of a single dipole,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 063817–063823 (2000).
[Crossref]

Brouri-Tualle, R.

R. Alléaume, F. Treussart, G. Messin, Y. Dumeige, J.-F. Roch, A. Beveratos, R. Brouri-Tualle, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Experimental open-air quantum key distribution with a single-photon source,” New J. Phys. 6, 92 (2004).
[Crossref]

Chen, K.

H.-K. Lo, X. Ma, and K. Chen, “Decoy state quantum key distribution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 230504, 2005.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Chin, Y.

J. Rabeau, Y. Chin, S. Prawer, F. Jelezko, T. Gaebel, and J. Wrachtrup, “Fabrication of single nickel-nitrogen defects in diamond by chemical vapor deposition,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 131926 (2005).
[Crossref]

Clouqueur, A.

Coe, S.

J. Isberg, J. Hammersberg, E. Johansson, T. WikstrÖm, D. Twitchen, A. Whitehead, S. Coe, and G. Scarsbrook, “High carrier mobility in single-crystal plasma-deposited diamond,” Science 297, 1670–1672 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

De Martini, F.

F. De Martini, G. Di Giuseppe, and M. Marrocco, “Single-mode generation of quantum photon states by excited single molecules in a microcavity trap,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 900–903 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Di Giuseppe, G.

F. De Martini, G. Di Giuseppe, and M. Marrocco, “Single-mode generation of quantum photon states by excited single molecules in a microcavity trap,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 900–903 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Domhan, M.

T. Gaebel, I. Popa, A. Gruber, M. Domhan, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Stable single-photon source in the near infrared,” New J. Phys. 6, 98 (2004).
[Crossref]

Dumeige, Y.

R. Alléaume, F. Treussart, G. Messin, Y. Dumeige, J.-F. Roch, A. Beveratos, R. Brouri-Tualle, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Experimental open-air quantum key distribution with a single-photon source,” New J. Phys. 6, 92 (2004).
[Crossref]

Fasel, S.

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength,” New J. Phys. 6, 163 (2004).
[Crossref]

Feigelson, B.

A. Yelisseyev, S. Lawson, I. Sildos, A. Osvet, V. Nadolinny, B. Feigelson, J.M. Baker, M. Newton, and O. Yuryeva, “Effect of HPHT annealing on the photoluminescence of synthetic diamonds grown in the Fe-Ni-C system,” Diamond Relat. Mater. 12, 2147–2168 (2003).
[Crossref]

V. Nadolinny, A. Yelisseyev, J. Baker, M. Newton, D. Twitchen, S. Lawson, O. Yuryeva, and B. Feigelson, “A study of 13C hyperfine structure in the EPR of nickel-nitrogen-containing centres in diamond and correlation with optical properties,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter. 11, 7357–7376 (1999).
[Crossref]

Gacoin, T.

A. Beveratos, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, A. Villing, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Single photon quantum cryptography,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 187901 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Beveratos, S. Kühn, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Room temperature stable single photon source,” Eur. Phys. J. D 18, 191 (2002).
[Crossref]

A. Beveratos, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Nonclassical radiation from diamond nanocrystal,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 061802 (2001).
[Crossref]

Gaebel, T.

J. Rabeau, Y. Chin, S. Prawer, F. Jelezko, T. Gaebel, and J. Wrachtrup, “Fabrication of single nickel-nitrogen defects in diamond by chemical vapor deposition,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 131926 (2005).
[Crossref]

T. Gaebel, I. Popa, A. Gruber, M. Domhan, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Stable single-photon source in the near infrared,” New J. Phys. 6, 98 (2004).
[Crossref]

Gerry, C.

C. Gerry and P. Knight, Introductory quantum optics (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2005).

Gisin, N.

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength,” New J. Phys. 6, 163 (2004).
[Crossref]

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum cryptography,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145–195 (2002).
[Crossref]

Grangier, P.

R. Alléaume, F. Treussart, G. Messin, Y. Dumeige, J.-F. Roch, A. Beveratos, R. Brouri-Tualle, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Experimental open-air quantum key distribution with a single-photon source,” New J. Phys. 6, 92 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. Beveratos, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, A. Villing, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Single photon quantum cryptography,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 187901 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Beveratos, S. Kühn, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Room temperature stable single photon source,” Eur. Phys. J. D 18, 191 (2002).
[Crossref]

A. Beveratos, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Nonclassical radiation from diamond nanocrystal,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 061802 (2001).
[Crossref]

R. Brouri, A. Beveratos, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Photon antibunching in the fluorescence of individual colored centers in diamond,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1294–1296 (2000).
[Crossref]

R. Brouri, A. Beveratos, J.-Ph. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Single-photon generation by pulsed excitation of a single dipole,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 063817–063823 (2000).
[Crossref]

P. Grangier, G. Roger, and A. Aspect, “Experimental evidence for a photon anticorrelation effect on a beam splitter: a new light on single-photon interferences,” Europhys. Lett. 1, 173–179 (1986).
[Crossref]

Grossman, C.

Gruber, A.

T. Gaebel, I. Popa, A. Gruber, M. Domhan, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Stable single-photon source in the near infrared,” New J. Phys. 6, 98 (2004).
[Crossref]

Hammersberg, J.

J. Isberg, J. Hammersberg, E. Johansson, T. WikstrÖm, D. Twitchen, A. Whitehead, S. Coe, and G. Scarsbrook, “High carrier mobility in single-crystal plasma-deposited diamond,” Science 297, 1670–1672 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hong, C.K.

C.K. Hong and L. Mandel, “Experimental realization of a localized one-photon state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 58–60 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Hwang, W.-Y.

W.-Y. Hwang, “Quantum key distribution with high loss: toward global secure communication,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 057901 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Isberg, J.

J. Isberg, J. Hammersberg, E. Johansson, T. WikstrÖm, D. Twitchen, A. Whitehead, S. Coe, and G. Scarsbrook, “High carrier mobility in single-crystal plasma-deposited diamond,” Science 297, 1670–1672 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jelezko, F.

J. Rabeau, Y. Chin, S. Prawer, F. Jelezko, T. Gaebel, and J. Wrachtrup, “Fabrication of single nickel-nitrogen defects in diamond by chemical vapor deposition,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 131926 (2005).
[Crossref]

T. Gaebel, I. Popa, A. Gruber, M. Domhan, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Stable single-photon source in the near infrared,” New J. Phys. 6, 98 (2004).
[Crossref]

Johansson, E.

J. Isberg, J. Hammersberg, E. Johansson, T. WikstrÖm, D. Twitchen, A. Whitehead, S. Coe, and G. Scarsbrook, “High carrier mobility in single-crystal plasma-deposited diamond,” Science 297, 1670–1672 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Jonsson, P.

S. Kitson, P. Jonsson, J. Rarity, and P. Tapster, ”Intensity fluctuation spectroscopy of small number of dye molecules in a microcavity,” Phys. Rev. A 58, 620–627 (1998).
[Crossref]

Kitson, S.

S. Kitson, P. Jonsson, J. Rarity, and P. Tapster, ”Intensity fluctuation spectroscopy of small number of dye molecules in a microcavity,” Phys. Rev. A 58, 620–627 (1998).
[Crossref]

Knight, P.

C. Gerry and P. Knight, Introductory quantum optics (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2005).

Kühn, S.

A. Beveratos, S. Kühn, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Room temperature stable single photon source,” Eur. Phys. J. D 18, 191 (2002).
[Crossref]

Lawson, S.

A. Yelisseyev, S. Lawson, I. Sildos, A. Osvet, V. Nadolinny, B. Feigelson, J.M. Baker, M. Newton, and O. Yuryeva, “Effect of HPHT annealing on the photoluminescence of synthetic diamonds grown in the Fe-Ni-C system,” Diamond Relat. Mater. 12, 2147–2168 (2003).
[Crossref]

V. Nadolinny, A. Yelisseyev, J. Baker, M. Newton, D. Twitchen, S. Lawson, O. Yuryeva, and B. Feigelson, “A study of 13C hyperfine structure in the EPR of nickel-nitrogen-containing centres in diamond and correlation with optical properties,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter. 11, 7357–7376 (1999).
[Crossref]

Lo, H.-K.

H.-K. Lo, X. Ma, and K. Chen, “Decoy state quantum key distribution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 230504, 2005.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Lütkenhaus, N.

N. Lütkenhaus, “Estimates for practical quantum cryptography,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 3301–3320 (1999).
[Crossref]

Ma, X.

H.-K. Lo, X. Ma, and K. Chen, “Decoy state quantum key distribution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 230504, 2005.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Mandel, L.

C.K. Hong and L. Mandel, “Experimental realization of a localized one-photon state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 58–60 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Marrocco, M.

F. De Martini, G. Di Giuseppe, and M. Marrocco, “Single-mode generation of quantum photon states by excited single molecules in a microcavity trap,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 900–903 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Messin, G.

R. Alléaume, F. Treussart, G. Messin, Y. Dumeige, J.-F. Roch, A. Beveratos, R. Brouri-Tualle, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Experimental open-air quantum key distribution with a single-photon source,” New J. Phys. 6, 92 (2004).
[Crossref]

Nadolinny, V.

A. Yelisseyev, S. Lawson, I. Sildos, A. Osvet, V. Nadolinny, B. Feigelson, J.M. Baker, M. Newton, and O. Yuryeva, “Effect of HPHT annealing on the photoluminescence of synthetic diamonds grown in the Fe-Ni-C system,” Diamond Relat. Mater. 12, 2147–2168 (2003).
[Crossref]

V. Nadolinny, A. Yelisseyev, J. Baker, M. Newton, D. Twitchen, S. Lawson, O. Yuryeva, and B. Feigelson, “A study of 13C hyperfine structure in the EPR of nickel-nitrogen-containing centres in diamond and correlation with optical properties,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter. 11, 7357–7376 (1999).
[Crossref]

Newton, M.

A. Yelisseyev, S. Lawson, I. Sildos, A. Osvet, V. Nadolinny, B. Feigelson, J.M. Baker, M. Newton, and O. Yuryeva, “Effect of HPHT annealing on the photoluminescence of synthetic diamonds grown in the Fe-Ni-C system,” Diamond Relat. Mater. 12, 2147–2168 (2003).
[Crossref]

V. Nadolinny, A. Yelisseyev, J. Baker, M. Newton, D. Twitchen, S. Lawson, O. Yuryeva, and B. Feigelson, “A study of 13C hyperfine structure in the EPR of nickel-nitrogen-containing centres in diamond and correlation with optical properties,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter. 11, 7357–7376 (1999).
[Crossref]

Ostrowsky, D.B.

Osvet, A.

A. Yelisseyev, S. Lawson, I. Sildos, A. Osvet, V. Nadolinny, B. Feigelson, J.M. Baker, M. Newton, and O. Yuryeva, “Effect of HPHT annealing on the photoluminescence of synthetic diamonds grown in the Fe-Ni-C system,” Diamond Relat. Mater. 12, 2147–2168 (2003).
[Crossref]

Poizat, J.-P.

R. Alléaume, F. Treussart, G. Messin, Y. Dumeige, J.-F. Roch, A. Beveratos, R. Brouri-Tualle, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Experimental open-air quantum key distribution with a single-photon source,” New J. Phys. 6, 92 (2004).
[Crossref]

A. Beveratos, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, A. Villing, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Single photon quantum cryptography,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 187901 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

A. Beveratos, S. Kühn, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Room temperature stable single photon source,” Eur. Phys. J. D 18, 191 (2002).
[Crossref]

A. Beveratos, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Nonclassical radiation from diamond nanocrystal,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 061802 (2001).
[Crossref]

R. Brouri, A. Beveratos, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Photon antibunching in the fluorescence of individual colored centers in diamond,” Opt. Lett. 25, 1294–1296 (2000).
[Crossref]

Poizat, J.-Ph.

R. Brouri, A. Beveratos, J.-Ph. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Single-photon generation by pulsed excitation of a single dipole,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 063817–063823 (2000).
[Crossref]

Popa, I.

T. Gaebel, I. Popa, A. Gruber, M. Domhan, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Stable single-photon source in the near infrared,” New J. Phys. 6, 98 (2004).
[Crossref]

Prawer, S.

J. Rabeau, Y. Chin, S. Prawer, F. Jelezko, T. Gaebel, and J. Wrachtrup, “Fabrication of single nickel-nitrogen defects in diamond by chemical vapor deposition,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 131926 (2005).
[Crossref]

Rabeau, J.

J. Rabeau, Y. Chin, S. Prawer, F. Jelezko, T. Gaebel, and J. Wrachtrup, “Fabrication of single nickel-nitrogen defects in diamond by chemical vapor deposition,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 131926 (2005).
[Crossref]

Rarity, J.

S. Kitson, P. Jonsson, J. Rarity, and P. Tapster, ”Intensity fluctuation spectroscopy of small number of dye molecules in a microcavity,” Phys. Rev. A 58, 620–627 (1998).
[Crossref]

Reynaud, S.

S. Reynaud, “La fluorescence de résonance: étude par la méthode de l’atome habillé,” Ann. Phys. Fr. 8, 315–370 (1983).

Ribordy, G.

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum cryptography,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145–195 (2002).
[Crossref]

Roch, J.-F.

R. Alléaume, F. Treussart, G. Messin, Y. Dumeige, J.-F. Roch, A. Beveratos, R. Brouri-Tualle, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Experimental open-air quantum key distribution with a single-photon source,” New J. Phys. 6, 92 (2004).
[Crossref]

R. Alléaume, J.-F. Roch, D. Subacius, A. Zavriyev, and A. Trifonov, “Fiber-optics quantum cryptography with single photons,” AIP Conference Proceedings 734, 287–290 (2004).
[Crossref]

F. Treussart, A. Clouqueur, C. Grossman, and J.-F. Roch, “Photon antibunching in the fluorescence of a single dye molecule embedded in a thin polymer film,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1504–1506 (2001).
[Crossref]

Roger, G.

P. Grangier, G. Roger, and A. Aspect, “Experimental evidence for a photon anticorrelation effect on a beam splitter: a new light on single-photon interferences,” Europhys. Lett. 1, 173–179 (1986).
[Crossref]

Scarsbrook, G.

J. Isberg, J. Hammersberg, E. Johansson, T. WikstrÖm, D. Twitchen, A. Whitehead, S. Coe, and G. Scarsbrook, “High carrier mobility in single-crystal plasma-deposited diamond,” Science 297, 1670–1672 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Sildos, I.

A. Yelisseyev, S. Lawson, I. Sildos, A. Osvet, V. Nadolinny, B. Feigelson, J.M. Baker, M. Newton, and O. Yuryeva, “Effect of HPHT annealing on the photoluminescence of synthetic diamonds grown in the Fe-Ni-C system,” Diamond Relat. Mater. 12, 2147–2168 (2003).
[Crossref]

Subacius, D.

R. Alléaume, J.-F. Roch, D. Subacius, A. Zavriyev, and A. Trifonov, “Fiber-optics quantum cryptography with single photons,” AIP Conference Proceedings 734, 287–290 (2004).
[Crossref]

Tanzilli, S.

O. Alibart, D.B. Ostrowsky, P. Baldi, and S. Tanzilli, “High performance guided-wave asynchroneous heralded single-photon source,” Opt. Lett. 30, 1539–1541 (2005).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength,” New J. Phys. 6, 163 (2004).
[Crossref]

Tapster, P.

S. Kitson, P. Jonsson, J. Rarity, and P. Tapster, ”Intensity fluctuation spectroscopy of small number of dye molecules in a microcavity,” Phys. Rev. A 58, 620–627 (1998).
[Crossref]

Tittel, W.

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum cryptography,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145–195 (2002).
[Crossref]

Treussart, F.

R. Alléaume, F. Treussart, G. Messin, Y. Dumeige, J.-F. Roch, A. Beveratos, R. Brouri-Tualle, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Experimental open-air quantum key distribution with a single-photon source,” New J. Phys. 6, 92 (2004).
[Crossref]

F. Treussart, A. Clouqueur, C. Grossman, and J.-F. Roch, “Photon antibunching in the fluorescence of a single dye molecule embedded in a thin polymer film,” Opt. Lett. 26, 1504–1506 (2001).
[Crossref]

Trifonov, A.

R. Alléaume, J.-F. Roch, D. Subacius, A. Zavriyev, and A. Trifonov, “Fiber-optics quantum cryptography with single photons,” AIP Conference Proceedings 734, 287–290 (2004).
[Crossref]

Twitchen, D.

J. Isberg, J. Hammersberg, E. Johansson, T. WikstrÖm, D. Twitchen, A. Whitehead, S. Coe, and G. Scarsbrook, “High carrier mobility in single-crystal plasma-deposited diamond,” Science 297, 1670–1672 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

V. Nadolinny, A. Yelisseyev, J. Baker, M. Newton, D. Twitchen, S. Lawson, O. Yuryeva, and B. Feigelson, “A study of 13C hyperfine structure in the EPR of nickel-nitrogen-containing centres in diamond and correlation with optical properties,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter. 11, 7357–7376 (1999).
[Crossref]

Villing, A.

A. Beveratos, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, A. Villing, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Single photon quantum cryptography,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 187901 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Whitehead, A.

J. Isberg, J. Hammersberg, E. Johansson, T. WikstrÖm, D. Twitchen, A. Whitehead, S. Coe, and G. Scarsbrook, “High carrier mobility in single-crystal plasma-deposited diamond,” Science 297, 1670–1672 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

WikstrÖm, T.

J. Isberg, J. Hammersberg, E. Johansson, T. WikstrÖm, D. Twitchen, A. Whitehead, S. Coe, and G. Scarsbrook, “High carrier mobility in single-crystal plasma-deposited diamond,” Science 297, 1670–1672 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Wrachtrup, J.

J. Rabeau, Y. Chin, S. Prawer, F. Jelezko, T. Gaebel, and J. Wrachtrup, “Fabrication of single nickel-nitrogen defects in diamond by chemical vapor deposition,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 131926 (2005).
[Crossref]

T. Gaebel, I. Popa, A. Gruber, M. Domhan, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Stable single-photon source in the near infrared,” New J. Phys. 6, 98 (2004).
[Crossref]

Yelisseyev, A.

A. Yelisseyev, S. Lawson, I. Sildos, A. Osvet, V. Nadolinny, B. Feigelson, J.M. Baker, M. Newton, and O. Yuryeva, “Effect of HPHT annealing on the photoluminescence of synthetic diamonds grown in the Fe-Ni-C system,” Diamond Relat. Mater. 12, 2147–2168 (2003).
[Crossref]

V. Nadolinny, A. Yelisseyev, J. Baker, M. Newton, D. Twitchen, S. Lawson, O. Yuryeva, and B. Feigelson, “A study of 13C hyperfine structure in the EPR of nickel-nitrogen-containing centres in diamond and correlation with optical properties,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter. 11, 7357–7376 (1999).
[Crossref]

Yuryeva, O.

A. Yelisseyev, S. Lawson, I. Sildos, A. Osvet, V. Nadolinny, B. Feigelson, J.M. Baker, M. Newton, and O. Yuryeva, “Effect of HPHT annealing on the photoluminescence of synthetic diamonds grown in the Fe-Ni-C system,” Diamond Relat. Mater. 12, 2147–2168 (2003).
[Crossref]

V. Nadolinny, A. Yelisseyev, J. Baker, M. Newton, D. Twitchen, S. Lawson, O. Yuryeva, and B. Feigelson, “A study of 13C hyperfine structure in the EPR of nickel-nitrogen-containing centres in diamond and correlation with optical properties,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter. 11, 7357–7376 (1999).
[Crossref]

Zaitsev, A. M.

A. M. Zaitsev, Optical properties of diamond, a data handbook (Springer, Berlin, 2000).

Zavriyev, A.

R. Alléaume, J.-F. Roch, D. Subacius, A. Zavriyev, and A. Trifonov, “Fiber-optics quantum cryptography with single photons,” AIP Conference Proceedings 734, 287–290 (2004).
[Crossref]

Zbinden, H.

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength,” New J. Phys. 6, 163 (2004).
[Crossref]

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum cryptography,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145–195 (2002).
[Crossref]

AIP Conference Proceedings (1)

R. Alléaume, J.-F. Roch, D. Subacius, A. Zavriyev, and A. Trifonov, “Fiber-optics quantum cryptography with single photons,” AIP Conference Proceedings 734, 287–290 (2004).
[Crossref]

Ann. Phys. Fr. (1)

S. Reynaud, “La fluorescence de résonance: étude par la méthode de l’atome habillé,” Ann. Phys. Fr. 8, 315–370 (1983).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. Rabeau, Y. Chin, S. Prawer, F. Jelezko, T. Gaebel, and J. Wrachtrup, “Fabrication of single nickel-nitrogen defects in diamond by chemical vapor deposition,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 86, 131926 (2005).
[Crossref]

Diamond Relat. Mater. (1)

A. Yelisseyev, S. Lawson, I. Sildos, A. Osvet, V. Nadolinny, B. Feigelson, J.M. Baker, M. Newton, and O. Yuryeva, “Effect of HPHT annealing on the photoluminescence of synthetic diamonds grown in the Fe-Ni-C system,” Diamond Relat. Mater. 12, 2147–2168 (2003).
[Crossref]

Eur. Phys. J. D (1)

A. Beveratos, S. Kühn, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Room temperature stable single photon source,” Eur. Phys. J. D 18, 191 (2002).
[Crossref]

Europhys. Lett. (1)

P. Grangier, G. Roger, and A. Aspect, “Experimental evidence for a photon anticorrelation effect on a beam splitter: a new light on single-photon interferences,” Europhys. Lett. 1, 173–179 (1986).
[Crossref]

J. Phys.: Condens. Matter. (1)

V. Nadolinny, A. Yelisseyev, J. Baker, M. Newton, D. Twitchen, S. Lawson, O. Yuryeva, and B. Feigelson, “A study of 13C hyperfine structure in the EPR of nickel-nitrogen-containing centres in diamond and correlation with optical properties,” J. Phys.: Condens. Matter. 11, 7357–7376 (1999).
[Crossref]

New J. Phys. (4)

T. Gaebel, I. Popa, A. Gruber, M. Domhan, F. Jelezko, and J. Wrachtrup, “Stable single-photon source in the near infrared,” New J. Phys. 6, 98 (2004).
[Crossref]

S. Fasel, O. Alibart, S. Tanzilli, P. Baldi, A. Beveratos, N. Gisin, and H. Zbinden, “High-quality asynchronous heralded single-photon source at telecom wavelength,” New J. Phys. 6, 163 (2004).
[Crossref]

P. Grangier, B. Sanders, and J. Vučković editors, “Focus on Single Photons on Demand,” New J. Phys. 6 (2004).
[Crossref]

R. Alléaume, F. Treussart, G. Messin, Y. Dumeige, J.-F. Roch, A. Beveratos, R. Brouri-Tualle, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Experimental open-air quantum key distribution with a single-photon source,” New J. Phys. 6, 92 (2004).
[Crossref]

Opt. Lett. (3)

Phys. Rev. A (4)

A. Beveratos, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Nonclassical radiation from diamond nanocrystal,” Phys. Rev. A 64, 061802 (2001).
[Crossref]

S. Kitson, P. Jonsson, J. Rarity, and P. Tapster, ”Intensity fluctuation spectroscopy of small number of dye molecules in a microcavity,” Phys. Rev. A 58, 620–627 (1998).
[Crossref]

R. Brouri, A. Beveratos, J.-Ph. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Single-photon generation by pulsed excitation of a single dipole,” Phys. Rev. A 62, 063817–063823 (2000).
[Crossref]

N. Lütkenhaus, “Estimates for practical quantum cryptography,” Phys. Rev. A 59, 3301–3320 (1999).
[Crossref]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (5)

A. Beveratos, R. Brouri, T. Gacoin, A. Villing, J.-P. Poizat, and P. Grangier, “Single photon quantum cryptography,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 89, 187901 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

W.-Y. Hwang, “Quantum key distribution with high loss: toward global secure communication,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 91, 057901 (2003).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

H.-K. Lo, X. Ma, and K. Chen, “Decoy state quantum key distribution,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 230504, 2005.
[Crossref] [PubMed]

F. De Martini, G. Di Giuseppe, and M. Marrocco, “Single-mode generation of quantum photon states by excited single molecules in a microcavity trap,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 76, 900–903 (1996).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

C.K. Hong and L. Mandel, “Experimental realization of a localized one-photon state,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 56, 58–60 (1986).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, “Quantum cryptography,” Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145–195 (2002).
[Crossref]

Science (1)

J. Isberg, J. Hammersberg, E. Johansson, T. WikstrÖm, D. Twitchen, A. Whitehead, S. Coe, and G. Scarsbrook, “High carrier mobility in single-crystal plasma-deposited diamond,” Science 297, 1670–1672 (2002).
[Crossref] [PubMed]

Other (4)

Their are four covalent bonds between nitrogen atoms and the nickel defect, but the electrons shared in each bond come from one atom species only, which is the specificity of coordination-type bond.

C. Gerry and P. Knight, Introductory quantum optics (Cambridge University Press, Cambridge, 2005).

C.H. Bennett and G. Brassard, “Quantum cryptography: public key distribution and coin tossing,” Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computers, Systems & Signal Processing (Bangalore, India), 175–179 (1984).

A. M. Zaitsev, Optical properties of diamond, a data handbook (Springer, Berlin, 2000).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Fluorescence intensity raster scan of a natural diamond sample showing luminescence from an isolated color center. One APD output in the HBT setup gives maximum counting rate ~ 4 × 104 counts/s. (b) Photoluminescence spectrum with 10 s integration for the single emitter observed in Fig. 1(a). This spectrum has been corrected for the quantum efficiency of the CCD, which varies from 53 to 85% in the 740–840 nm range considered. The narrow peak (1) at 782 nm (~ 2 nm FWHM) is the ZPL of the Nickel-Nitrogen related defect [19]. The sharp peak (2) at 756 nm is related to the one-phonon Raman scattering line of the diamond lattice with 1332 cm-1 frequency shift. Inset: ZPL, more clearly showing phonon wing intensity.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Three-level system with corresponding decay and intersystem crossing rates.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a) Photon coincidence number c(t) (right scale) and normalized intensity correlation function g (2)(t) (left scale) recorded for a single emitter at short time scales (∣t∣ ≲ 20 ns). Excitation was carried out at 9 mW, the maximum available cw power. Integration duration was T = 590 s, R 1 ≃ 37000 counts/s, R 2 ≃ 48700 counts/s, and time bin w = 0.17 ns. Red dots represent experimental data, while the solid blue line is a convolution of Eq. (7) with the measured instrumental response function, with adjusted parameters a and λ 1. (b) Evolution of parameter λ 1 (red dots) as a function of excitation power with linear fitting (in blue), according to Eq. (4).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Number of photon coincidences c(t) (right scale) and normalized intensity correlation function g (2)(t) (right scale) for a single emitter over a long time scale (∣t∣ ≳ 20 ns) with excitation power 9 mW, integration duration T = 605 s, R 1 ≃ 38600 counts/s, R 2 ≃ 33400 counts/s, and time bin w = 2.3 ns. Red dots represent experimental data, while the solid blue line fit is a convolution of Eq. (8) with measured instrumental response function. The dashed line indicates normalization corresponding to Poissonian photon-number statistics. The minimum value of g (2) at t = 0 appears higher than in Fig. 3(a) due to larger time bin for the histogram plot. (b) Evolution of parameter λ 2 (red dots) as a function of the excitation power, with fit (in blue) according to Eq. (5).

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Photoluminescence intensity measurement (circles with error bars) given by counting rate sum for both APDs, vs. excitation laser power. Fit given by Eq. (10) incorporates rate values rmn calculated from measurements of λ 1 and λ 2. The fit is therefore achieved with a single free parameter, corresponding to the overall efficiency ηdet × η Q.

Equations (10)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

{ p 1 ˙ = r 12 p 1 + r 21 p 2 + r 31 p 3 p 2 ˙ = r 12 p 1 ( r 21 + r 23 ) p 2 p 3 ˙ = r 23 p 2 r 31 p 3
g ( 2 ) ( t ) I ( 0 ) I ( t ) I ( t ) 2
g ( 2 ) ( t ) = p 2 ( 0 ; t ) / p 2 ( ) = 1 ( 1 + a ) e λ 1 t + ae λ 2 t ,
λ 1 = r 12 + r 21 ,
λ 2 = r 31 + r 23 r 12 / ( r 12 + r 21 ) ,
a = r 12 r 23 / [ r 31 ( r 12 + r 21 ) ] ,
g ( 2 ) ( t ) 1 ( 1 + a ) e λ 1 t .
g ( 2 ) ( t ) 1 + a e λ 2 t .
g ( 2 ) ( t ) = c ( t ) R 1 R 2 Tw .
R = η det η Q r 21 ( r 21 / r 12 + r 23 / r 31 + 1 ) ,

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