Abstract

We demonstrate an experimental technique that allows a mapping of vectorial nonlinear-optical processes in multimode photonic-crystal fibers (PCFs). Spatial and polarization modes of PCFs are selectively excited in this technique by varying the tilt angle of the input beam and rotating the polarization of the input field. Intensity spectra of the PCF output plotted as a function of the input field power and polarization then yield mode-resolved maps of nonlinear-optical interactions in multimode PCFs, facilitating the analysis and control of nonlinear-optical transformations of ultrashort laser pulses in such fibers.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. A.B. Fedotov, A.M. Zheltikov, A.P. Tarasevitch, and D. von der Linde, "Enhanced spectral broadening of short laser pulses in high-numerical-aperture holey fibers," Appl. Phys. B 73,181-184 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  6. R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T.W. Hänsch, J.C. Knight, W.J. Wadsworth, and P.St.J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  7. D.J. Jones, S.A. Diddams, J.K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R.S. Windeler, J.L. Hall, and S.T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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  14. W.J. Wadsworth, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J.C. Knight, T.A. Birks, T.P.M. Mann, and P.St.J. Russell, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers and optical fiber tapers: a novel light source," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2148-2155 (2002).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  26. N. Akhmediev, M. Karlsson, "Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 51, 2602-2607 (1995).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  27. J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, G. Korn,"Experimental Evidence for Supercontinuum Generation by Fission of Higher-Order Solitons in Photonic Fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88,173901 (2002).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2005 (4)

2004 (3)

S. O. Konorov, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. M. Zheltikov, P. Zhou, A. P. Tarasevitch, and D. von der Linde, "Mode-controlled colors from microstructure fibers," Opt. Express 12,730-735 (2004),
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Akimov, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Cross-correlation FROG CARS with frequency-converting photonic-crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. E 70, 057601 (2004)
[CrossRef]

F. Lu, Q. Lin, W. H. Knox, and GovindP. Agrawal, "Vector soliton fission," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 183901 (2004)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2003 (6)

Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V.S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421,611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P.St.J. Russell, "Photonic crystal fibers," Science 299, 358-362 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.C. Knight, "Photonic crystal fibers," Nature 424, 847-851 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W.H. Reeves, D.V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J.C. Knight, P.St.J. Russell, F.G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A.J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres," Nature 424, 511-515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H.N. Paulsen, K.M. Hilligsøe, J. Thøgersen, S.R. Keiding, and J.J. Larsen, "Coherent anti-Stokes Raman scattering microscopy with a photonic crystal fiber based light source," Opt. Lett. 28, 1123-1125 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. O. Konorov and A. M. Zheltikov, "Frequency conversion of subnanojoule femtosecond laser pulses in a microstructure fiber for photochromism initiation," Opt. Express 11,2440-2445 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (4)

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T.W. Hänsch, "Optical Frequency Metrology," Nature 416,233-237 (2002).

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, G. Korn,"Experimental Evidence for Supercontinuum Generation by Fission of Higher-Order Solitons in Photonic Fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88,173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baltuska, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, "Self-referencing of the carrier-envelope slip in a 6-fs visible parametric amplifier," Opt. Lett. 27, 1241-1243 (2002).
[CrossRef]

W.J. Wadsworth, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J.C. Knight, T.A. Birks, T.P.M. Mann, and P.St.J. Russell, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers and optical fiber tapers: a novel light source," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2148-2155 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

I. Hartl, X. D. Li, C. Chudoba, R.K. Rhanta, T.H. Ko, J.G. Fujimoto, J.K. Ranka, and R.S. Windeler, "Ultrahigh-resolution optical coherence tomography using continuum generation in an air-silica microstructure optical fiber," Opt. Lett. 26, 608-610 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A.B. Fedotov, A.M. Zheltikov, A.P. Tarasevitch, and D. von der Linde, "Enhanced spectral broadening of short laser pulses in high-numerical-aperture holey fibers," Appl. Phys. B 73,181-184 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (4)

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T.W. Hänsch, J.C. Knight, W.J. Wadsworth, and P.St.J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D.J. Jones, S.A. Diddams, J.K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R.S. Windeler, J.L. Hall, and S.T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

T.M. Monro, D.J. Richardson, N.G.R. Broderick, and P.J. Bennet, " Modelling large air fraction holey optical fibers," J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 50-56, (2000).
[CrossRef]

J.K. Ranka, R.S. Windeler, and A.J. Stentz, "Visible continuum generation in air-silica microstructure optical fibers with anomalous dispersion at 800 nm," Opt. Lett. 25, 25-27 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

N. Akhmediev, M. Karlsson, "Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 51, 2602-2607 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1990 (1)

P. A. Wai, H. H. Chen, Y. C. Lee, "Radiations by solitons at the zero group-dispersion wavelength of singlemode optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 41, 426-439 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Akhmediev, N.

N. Akhmediev, M. Karlsson, "Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 51, 2602-2607 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Akimov, D. A.

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Akimov, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Cross-correlation FROG CARS with frequency-converting photonic-crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. E 70, 057601 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Alfimov, M. V.

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Akimov, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Cross-correlation FROG CARS with frequency-converting photonic-crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. E 70, 057601 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Baltuska,

Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V.S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421,611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Baltuska, T. Fuji, and T. Kobayashi, "Self-referencing of the carrier-envelope slip in a 6-fs visible parametric amplifier," Opt. Lett. 27, 1241-1243 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Baltuska, A.

Bennet, P.J.

Biancalana, F.

W.H. Reeves, D.V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J.C. Knight, P.St.J. Russell, F.G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A.J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres," Nature 424, 511-515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Birks, T.A.

Broderick, N.G.R.

Chen, H. H.

P. A. Wai, H. H. Chen, Y. C. Lee, "Radiations by solitons at the zero group-dispersion wavelength of singlemode optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 41, 426-439 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Chudoba, C.

Cundiff, S.T.

D.J. Jones, S.A. Diddams, J.K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R.S. Windeler, J.L. Hall, and S.T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Diddams, S.A.

D.J. Jones, S.A. Diddams, J.K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R.S. Windeler, J.L. Hall, and S.T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Duligall, J.

Efimov, A.

A. Efimov, A.V. Yulin, D.V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, N. Joly, F. G. Omenetto, A. J. Taylor, and P. Russell, "Interaction of an Optical Soliton with a Dispersive Wave," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 213902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W.H. Reeves, D.V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J.C. Knight, P.St.J. Russell, F.G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A.J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres," Nature 424, 511-515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fedotov, A.B.

A.B. Fedotov, A.M. Zheltikov, A.P. Tarasevitch, and D. von der Linde, "Enhanced spectral broadening of short laser pulses in high-numerical-aperture holey fibers," Appl. Phys. B 73,181-184 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Fuji, T.

Fujimoto, J.G.

Fulconis, J.

Govind, W. H.

F. Lu, Q. Lin, W. H. Knox, and GovindP. Agrawal, "Vector soliton fission," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 183901 (2004)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Griebner, U.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, G. Korn,"Experimental Evidence for Supercontinuum Generation by Fission of Higher-Order Solitons in Photonic Fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88,173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hall, J.L.

D.J. Jones, S.A. Diddams, J.K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R.S. Windeler, J.L. Hall, and S.T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hänsch, T.W.

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T.W. Hänsch, "Optical Frequency Metrology," Nature 416,233-237 (2002).

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T.W. Hänsch, J.C. Knight, W.J. Wadsworth, and P.St.J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hartl, I.

Herrmann, J.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, G. Korn,"Experimental Evidence for Supercontinuum Generation by Fission of Higher-Order Solitons in Photonic Fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88,173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hilligsøe, K.M.

Holzwarth, R.

C.Y. Teisset, N. Ishii, T. Fuji, T. Metzger, S. Köhler, R. Holzwarth, A. Baltuska, A.M. Zheltikov, and F. Krausz, "Soliton-based pump.seed synchronization for few-cycle OPCPA," Opt. Express 13,6550-6557 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T.W. Hänsch, "Optical Frequency Metrology," Nature 416,233-237 (2002).

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T.W. Hänsch, J.C. Knight, W.J. Wadsworth, and P.St.J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Husakou, A.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, G. Korn,"Experimental Evidence for Supercontinuum Generation by Fission of Higher-Order Solitons in Photonic Fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88,173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ishii, N.

Ivanov, A. A.

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Akimov, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Cross-correlation FROG CARS with frequency-converting photonic-crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. E 70, 057601 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Joly, N.

A. Efimov, A.V. Yulin, D.V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, N. Joly, F. G. Omenetto, A. J. Taylor, and P. Russell, "Interaction of an Optical Soliton with a Dispersive Wave," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 213902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Jones, D.J.

D.J. Jones, S.A. Diddams, J.K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R.S. Windeler, J.L. Hall, and S.T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Karlsson, M.

N. Akhmediev, M. Karlsson, "Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 51, 2602-2607 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Keiding, S.R.

Knight, J. C.

A. Efimov, A.V. Yulin, D.V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, N. Joly, F. G. Omenetto, A. J. Taylor, and P. Russell, "Interaction of an Optical Soliton with a Dispersive Wave," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 213902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, G. Korn,"Experimental Evidence for Supercontinuum Generation by Fission of Higher-Order Solitons in Photonic Fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88,173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Knight, J.C.

W.H. Reeves, D.V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J.C. Knight, P.St.J. Russell, F.G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A.J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres," Nature 424, 511-515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J.C. Knight, "Photonic crystal fibers," Nature 424, 847-851 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W.J. Wadsworth, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J.C. Knight, T.A. Birks, T.P.M. Mann, and P.St.J. Russell, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers and optical fiber tapers: a novel light source," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2148-2155 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T.W. Hänsch, J.C. Knight, W.J. Wadsworth, and P.St.J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Knox, W. H.

F. Lu, Q. Lin, W. H. Knox, and GovindP. Agrawal, "Vector soliton fission," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 183901 (2004)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ko, T.H.

Köhler, S.

Konorov, S. O.

Korn, G.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, G. Korn,"Experimental Evidence for Supercontinuum Generation by Fission of Higher-Order Solitons in Photonic Fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88,173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Krausz, F.

Larsen, J.J.

Lee, Y. C.

P. A. Wai, H. H. Chen, Y. C. Lee, "Radiations by solitons at the zero group-dispersion wavelength of singlemode optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 41, 426-439 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, X. D.

Lin, Q.

F. Lu, Q. Lin, W. H. Knox, and GovindP. Agrawal, "Vector soliton fission," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 183901 (2004)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Lu, F.

F. Lu, Q. Lin, W. H. Knox, and GovindP. Agrawal, "Vector soliton fission," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 183901 (2004)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mann, T.P.M.

Metzger, T.

Monro, T.M.

Nickel, D.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, G. Korn,"Experimental Evidence for Supercontinuum Generation by Fission of Higher-Order Solitons in Photonic Fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88,173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Omenetto, F. G.

A. Efimov, A.V. Yulin, D.V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, N. Joly, F. G. Omenetto, A. J. Taylor, and P. Russell, "Interaction of an Optical Soliton with a Dispersive Wave," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 213902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Omenetto, F.G.

W.H. Reeves, D.V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J.C. Knight, P.St.J. Russell, F.G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A.J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres," Nature 424, 511-515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ortigosa-Blanch, A.

Paulsen, H.N.

Ranka, J.K.

Rarity, J.G.

Reeves, W.H.

W.H. Reeves, D.V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J.C. Knight, P.St.J. Russell, F.G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A.J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres," Nature 424, 511-515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Rhanta, R.K.

Richardson, D.J.

Russell, P.

A. Efimov, A.V. Yulin, D.V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, N. Joly, F. G. Omenetto, A. J. Taylor, and P. Russell, "Interaction of an Optical Soliton with a Dispersive Wave," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 213902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Russell, P. St. J.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, G. Korn,"Experimental Evidence for Supercontinuum Generation by Fission of Higher-Order Solitons in Photonic Fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88,173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Russell, P.St.J.

J.G. Rarity, J. Fulconis, J. Duligall, W.J. Wadsworth, and P.St.J. Russell, "Photonic crystal fiber source of correlated photon pairs," Opt. Express 13,534-544 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W.H. Reeves, D.V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J.C. Knight, P.St.J. Russell, F.G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A.J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres," Nature 424, 511-515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P.St.J. Russell, "Photonic crystal fibers," Science 299, 358-362 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W.J. Wadsworth, A. Ortigosa-Blanch, J.C. Knight, T.A. Birks, T.P.M. Mann, and P.St.J. Russell, "Supercontinuum generation in photonic crystal fibers and optical fiber tapers: a novel light source," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 19, 2148-2155 (2002).
[CrossRef]

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T.W. Hänsch, J.C. Knight, W.J. Wadsworth, and P.St.J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Serebryannikov, E. E.

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Akimov, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Cross-correlation FROG CARS with frequency-converting photonic-crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. E 70, 057601 (2004)
[CrossRef]

S. O. Konorov, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. M. Zheltikov, P. Zhou, A. P. Tarasevitch, and D. von der Linde, "Mode-controlled colors from microstructure fibers," Opt. Express 12,730-735 (2004),
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Skryabin, D.V.

A. Efimov, A.V. Yulin, D.V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, N. Joly, F. G. Omenetto, A. J. Taylor, and P. Russell, "Interaction of an Optical Soliton with a Dispersive Wave," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 213902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W.H. Reeves, D.V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J.C. Knight, P.St.J. Russell, F.G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A.J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres," Nature 424, 511-515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stentz, A.

D.J. Jones, S.A. Diddams, J.K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R.S. Windeler, J.L. Hall, and S.T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Stentz, A.J.

Tarasevitch, A. P.

Tarasevitch, A.P.

A.B. Fedotov, A.M. Zheltikov, A.P. Tarasevitch, and D. von der Linde, "Enhanced spectral broadening of short laser pulses in high-numerical-aperture holey fibers," Appl. Phys. B 73,181-184 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, A. J.

A. Efimov, A.V. Yulin, D.V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, N. Joly, F. G. Omenetto, A. J. Taylor, and P. Russell, "Interaction of an Optical Soliton with a Dispersive Wave," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 213902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Taylor, A.J.

W.H. Reeves, D.V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J.C. Knight, P.St.J. Russell, F.G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A.J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres," Nature 424, 511-515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Teisset, C.Y.

Thøgersen, J.

Udem, T.

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T.W. Hänsch, J.C. Knight, W.J. Wadsworth, and P.St.J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Udem, Th.

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T.W. Hänsch, "Optical Frequency Metrology," Nature 416,233-237 (2002).

von der Linde, D.

S. O. Konorov, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. M. Zheltikov, P. Zhou, A. P. Tarasevitch, and D. von der Linde, "Mode-controlled colors from microstructure fibers," Opt. Express 12,730-735 (2004),
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A.B. Fedotov, A.M. Zheltikov, A.P. Tarasevitch, and D. von der Linde, "Enhanced spectral broadening of short laser pulses in high-numerical-aperture holey fibers," Appl. Phys. B 73,181-184 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wadsworth, W. J.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, G. Korn,"Experimental Evidence for Supercontinuum Generation by Fission of Higher-Order Solitons in Photonic Fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88,173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Wadsworth, W.J.

Wai, P. A.

P. A. Wai, H. H. Chen, Y. C. Lee, "Radiations by solitons at the zero group-dispersion wavelength of singlemode optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 41, 426-439 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Windeler, R.S.

Yulin, A.V.

A. Efimov, A.V. Yulin, D.V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, N. Joly, F. G. Omenetto, A. J. Taylor, and P. Russell, "Interaction of an Optical Soliton with a Dispersive Wave," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 213902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zhavoronkov, N.

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, G. Korn,"Experimental Evidence for Supercontinuum Generation by Fission of Higher-Order Solitons in Photonic Fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88,173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zheltikov, A. M.

Zheltikov, A.M.

C.Y. Teisset, N. Ishii, T. Fuji, T. Metzger, S. Köhler, R. Holzwarth, A. Baltuska, A.M. Zheltikov, and F. Krausz, "Soliton-based pump.seed synchronization for few-cycle OPCPA," Opt. Express 13,6550-6557 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A.B. Fedotov, A.M. Zheltikov, A.P. Tarasevitch, and D. von der Linde, "Enhanced spectral broadening of short laser pulses in high-numerical-aperture holey fibers," Appl. Phys. B 73,181-184 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhou, P.

Appl. Phys. B (1)

A.B. Fedotov, A.M. Zheltikov, A.P. Tarasevitch, and D. von der Linde, "Enhanced spectral broadening of short laser pulses in high-numerical-aperture holey fibers," Appl. Phys. B 73,181-184 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nature (4)

J.C. Knight, "Photonic crystal fibers," Nature 424, 847-851 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

W.H. Reeves, D.V. Skryabin, F. Biancalana, J.C. Knight, P.St.J. Russell, F.G. Omenetto, A. Efimov, and A.J. Taylor, "Transformation and control of ultra-short pulses in dispersion-engineered photonic crystal fibres," Nature 424, 511-515 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Th. Udem, R. Holzwarth, and T.W. Hänsch, "Optical Frequency Metrology," Nature 416,233-237 (2002).

Baltuska, T. Udem, M. Uiberacker, M. Hentschel, E. Goulielmakis, C. Gohle, R. Holzwarth, V.S. Yakovlev, A. Scrinzi, T.W. Hänsch, and F. Krausz, "Attosecond control of electronic processes by intense light fields," Nature 421,611-615 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (5)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Phys. Rev. A (2)

P. A. Wai, H. H. Chen, Y. C. Lee, "Radiations by solitons at the zero group-dispersion wavelength of singlemode optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 41, 426-439 (1990).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Akhmediev, M. Karlsson, "Cherenkov radiation emitted by solitons in optical fibers," Phys. Rev. A 51, 2602-2607 (1995).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Phys. Rev. E (1)

S. O. Konorov, D. A. Akimov, E. E. Serebryannikov, A. A. Ivanov, M. V. Alfimov, and A. M. Zheltikov, "Cross-correlation FROG CARS with frequency-converting photonic-crystal fibers," Phys. Rev. E 70, 057601 (2004)
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (4)

J. Herrmann, U. Griebner, N. Zhavoronkov, A. Husakou, D. Nickel, J. C. Knight, W. J. Wadsworth, P. St. J. Russell, G. Korn,"Experimental Evidence for Supercontinuum Generation by Fission of Higher-Order Solitons in Photonic Fibers," Phys. Rev. Lett. 88,173901 (2002).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. Holzwarth, T. Udem, T.W. Hänsch, J.C. Knight, W.J. Wadsworth, and P.St.J. Russell, "Optical frequency synthesizer for precision spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 85, 2264-2267 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Lu, Q. Lin, W. H. Knox, and GovindP. Agrawal, "Vector soliton fission," Phys. Rev. Lett. 93, 183901 (2004)
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. Efimov, A.V. Yulin, D.V. Skryabin, J. C. Knight, N. Joly, F. G. Omenetto, A. J. Taylor, and P. Russell, "Interaction of an Optical Soliton with a Dispersive Wave," Phys. Rev. Lett. 95, 213902 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Science (2)

P.St.J. Russell, "Photonic crystal fibers," Science 299, 358-362 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D.J. Jones, S.A. Diddams, J.K. Ranka, A. Stentz, R.S. Windeler, J.L. Hall, and S.T. Cundiff, "Carrier-envelope phase control of femtosecond mode-locked lasers and direct optical frequency synthesis," Science 288, 635-639 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Other (3)

Photonic Crystals, Special issue of Applied Physics B 81, nos. 2/3 (2005), ed. by A.M. Zheltikov.

Supercontinuum Generation, Special issue of Applied Physics B 77, nos. 2/3 (2003), ed. by A.M. Zheltikov.

G. P. Agrawal, Nonlinear Fiber Optics (Academic, San Diego, 2001).

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Figures (9)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Group-velocity dispersion for the fundamental (1) and second-order (2) modes of the photonic-crystal fiber shown in the inset.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

The spectral intensity of the field in the fundamental (a) and second-order (b) modes at the output of a PCF with a length of 7 cm and the cross-section structure shown in the inset to Fig. 1. Results of simulations performed by using the generalized nonlinear Schrödinger equation for an input pulse with a peak power of 7 kW.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

(a, b) Propagation-constant mismatch δs = βs (λ 0) - β(λd ) between a soliton with a central wavelength λ 0 and a dispersive wave with a central wavelength λ d as a function of the wavelength λ d for the fundamental (a) and second-order (b) spatial modes of the PCF with the cross-section structure shown in the inset to Fig. 1. The central wavelength of the soliton is λs = 820 nm (1), 850 nm (2), and 880 nm (3). (c) Propagation-constant mismatch δβFWM = β(ωa ) + β(ωs ) - 2 β (ωp ) for the FWM process 2ω p = ωs + ω a in the second-order PCF mode. The pump wavelength is (1) 650 nm and (2) 630 nm.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

The beam profile of the frequency-shifted PCF output. The input beam is aligned with the PCF axis (θ= 0). The angle between the polarization vector of the input field and the slow axis of the fiber core is (a) ϕ= 0 and (b) ϕ= 90°. The input average power of laser pulses is 300 mW.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

The spectral intensity of the PCF output as a function of the radiation wavelength and the average power of the input field for θ= 0 and ϕ= 90°. The spectrum of the PCF output corresponding to an input average power of 320 mW is shown on the right.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

The spectral intensity of the PCF output as a function of the radiation wavelength and polarization angle ϕ for θ= 0 and an input average power of 180 mW. The spectrum of the PCF output corresponding to the polarization angle ϕ = 90° is shown on the right.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

The beam profile of the frequency-shifted PCF output. The angle between the input beam and the PCF axis is θ= 10°. The angle between the polarization vector of the input field and the slow axis of the fiber core is (a) ϕ= 0 and (b) ϕ = 90°. The input average power of laser pulses is 300 mW.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

The spectral intensity of the PCF output as a function of the radiation wavelength and the average power of the input field for θ = 10° and ϕ = 0. The spectrum of the PCF output corresponding to an input average power of 360 mW is shown on the right.

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

The spectral intensity of the PCF output as a function of the radiation wavelength and polarization angle ϕ for θ= 10° and an input average power of 350 mW. The spectrum of the PCF output corresponding to the polarization angle ϕ = 90° is shown on the right.

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