Three-dimensional (3-D) image formation in fiber-optical second-harmonic-generation microscopy is revealed to be purely coherent and therefore can be described by a 3-D coherent transfer function (CTF) that exhibits the same spatial frequency passband as that of fiber-optical reflection-mode non-fluorescence microscopy. When the numerical aperture of the fiber is much larger than the angle of convergence of the illumination on the fiber aperture, the performance of fiber-optical second-harmonic-generation microscopy behaves as confocal second-harmonic-generation microscopy. The dependence of axial resolution on fiber coupling parameters shows an improvement of approximately 7%, compared with that in fiber-optical two-photon fluorescence microscopy.
© 2006 Optical Society of America
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