Abstract

We demonstrated a simple technique to obtain stable room temperature multiwavelength lasing in an erbium-doped fiber laser by the inhomogeneous loss mechanism. Successful reduction of the cross-gain saturation in erbium-doped fiber was achieved by incorporating a section of highly nonlinear fiber (HNLF) and a narrowband Fabry-Perot filter (FPF) in the laser cavity. More than 70 wavelengths simultaneous lasing were observed with the same frequency space of 25GHz. The laser had a total output power of ∼3.2dBm, a bandwidth of 0.012nm (∼1.5GHz) and a signal-to-spontaneous-noise ratio of ∼44dB. The total output power can be further increased to more than 190mW by moving the output port right after the EDFA.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. H. Chen, "Multiwavelength fiber ring lasing by use of a semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Lett. 30, 619-621 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. N. Park and P. F. Wysocki, "24-line multiwavelength operation of erbium-doped fiber-ring laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1459-1461 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  3. O. Graydon, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, and L. Dong, "Triple-frequency operation of an Er-doped twincore fiber loop laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 63-65 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Bellemare, M. Karasek, M. Rochette, S. Larochelle, and M. Tetu,"Room temperature multifrequency erbium-doped fiber lasers anchored on the ITU frequency grid," J. Lightwave Technol. 18, 825-831 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  5. K. Zhou, D. Zhou, F. Dong, and N. Q. Ngo, "Room-temperature multi-wavelength erbium-doped fiber ring laser employing sinusoidal phase-modulation feedback," Opt. Lett. 28, 893-895 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  6. J. Yao, J. P. Yao, Z. Deng, and J. Liu, "Investigation of Room-Temperature Multiwavelength Fiber-Ring Laser That Incorporates an SOA-Based Phase Modulator in the Laser Cavity," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 2484-2489 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Y. Zhao, C. Shu, S. P. Li, H. Ding, and K. T. Chiang, "Multiple wavelength operation of a unidirectional Er-doped fiber ring laser with optical feedback," in Proc. Tech. Dig. Conf. Laser and Electro-Optics (CLEO’97), Paper CThL65, p. 396 (1997).
  8. G. J. Cowle and D. Y. Stepanov, "Multiple wavelength generation with Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1465-1467 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. Yamashita and Y. Inoue, "Multiwavelength Er-Doped Fiber Ring Laser Incorporating Highly Nonlinear Fiber," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 2 44, L1080-L1081 (2005)
    [CrossRef]
  10. X. Liu, X. Yang, F. Lu, J. Ng, X. Zhou, and C. Lu, "Stable and uniform dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on fiber Bragg gratings and photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Express 13, 142-147 (2005) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-1-142
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. A. Zhang, H. Liu, M. Demokan, and H. Tam, "Stable and broad bandwidth multiwavelength fiber ring laser incorporating a highly nonlinear photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2535-2537 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  12. Q. Wang, Y. Wang, W. Zhang, X. Feng, X. Liu, and B. Zhou, "Inhomogeneous loss mechanism in multiwavelength fiber Raman ring lasers," Opt. Lett. 30, 952-954 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  13. M. J. F. Digonnet (Ed.), Rare-Earth Doped Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers, 2nd ed. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 2001).
  14. N. Park, J. W. Dawson, K. J. Vahala, and C. Miller, "All fiber, low threshold, widely tunable single-frequency, erbium-doped fiber ring laser with a tandem fiber Fabry-Perot filter," Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2369-2371 (1991).
    [CrossRef]
  15. V. Roy, M. Piché, F. Babin, and G. Schinn, "Nonlinear wave mixing in a multilongitudinal-mode erbium-doped fiber laser," Opt. Express 13, 6791-6797 (2005) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-18-6791
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  16. J. H. Lee, Y. Takushima, and K. Kikuchi, "Continuous-wave supercontinuum laser based on an erbium-doped fiber ring cavity incorporating a highly nonlinear optical fiber," Opt. Lett. 30, 619-621 (2005).
    [CrossRef]

2005 (8)

S. Yamashita and Y. Inoue, "Multiwavelength Er-Doped Fiber Ring Laser Incorporating Highly Nonlinear Fiber," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 2 44, L1080-L1081 (2005)
[CrossRef]

A. Zhang, H. Liu, M. Demokan, and H. Tam, "Stable and broad bandwidth multiwavelength fiber ring laser incorporating a highly nonlinear photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2535-2537 (2005).
[CrossRef]

X. Liu, X. Yang, F. Lu, J. Ng, X. Zhou, and C. Lu, "Stable and uniform dual-wavelength erbium-doped fiber laser based on fiber Bragg gratings and photonic crystal fiber," Opt. Express 13, 142-147 (2005) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-1-142
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Chen, "Multiwavelength fiber ring lasing by use of a semiconductor optical amplifier," Opt. Lett. 30, 619-621 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. H. Lee, Y. Takushima, and K. Kikuchi, "Continuous-wave supercontinuum laser based on an erbium-doped fiber ring cavity incorporating a highly nonlinear optical fiber," Opt. Lett. 30, 619-621 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Q. Wang, Y. Wang, W. Zhang, X. Feng, X. Liu, and B. Zhou, "Inhomogeneous loss mechanism in multiwavelength fiber Raman ring lasers," Opt. Lett. 30, 952-954 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Roy, M. Piché, F. Babin, and G. Schinn, "Nonlinear wave mixing in a multilongitudinal-mode erbium-doped fiber laser," Opt. Express 13, 6791-6797 (2005) http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=oe-13-18-6791
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Yao, J. P. Yao, Z. Deng, and J. Liu, "Investigation of Room-Temperature Multiwavelength Fiber-Ring Laser That Incorporates an SOA-Based Phase Modulator in the Laser Cavity," J. Lightwave Technol. 23, 2484-2489 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

2000 (1)

1996 (3)

N. Park and P. F. Wysocki, "24-line multiwavelength operation of erbium-doped fiber-ring laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1459-1461 (1996).
[CrossRef]

O. Graydon, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, and L. Dong, "Triple-frequency operation of an Er-doped twincore fiber loop laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 63-65 (1996).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Cowle and D. Y. Stepanov, "Multiple wavelength generation with Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1465-1467 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1991 (1)

N. Park, J. W. Dawson, K. J. Vahala, and C. Miller, "All fiber, low threshold, widely tunable single-frequency, erbium-doped fiber ring laser with a tandem fiber Fabry-Perot filter," Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2369-2371 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Babin, F.

Bellemare, A.

Chen, H.

Cowle, G. J.

G. J. Cowle and D. Y. Stepanov, "Multiple wavelength generation with Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1465-1467 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Dawson, J. W.

N. Park, J. W. Dawson, K. J. Vahala, and C. Miller, "All fiber, low threshold, widely tunable single-frequency, erbium-doped fiber ring laser with a tandem fiber Fabry-Perot filter," Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2369-2371 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Demokan, M.

A. Zhang, H. Liu, M. Demokan, and H. Tam, "Stable and broad bandwidth multiwavelength fiber ring laser incorporating a highly nonlinear photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2535-2537 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Deng, Z.

Dong, F.

Dong, L.

O. Graydon, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, and L. Dong, "Triple-frequency operation of an Er-doped twincore fiber loop laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 63-65 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Feng, X.

Graydon, O.

O. Graydon, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, and L. Dong, "Triple-frequency operation of an Er-doped twincore fiber loop laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 63-65 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Inoue, Y.

S. Yamashita and Y. Inoue, "Multiwavelength Er-Doped Fiber Ring Laser Incorporating Highly Nonlinear Fiber," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 2 44, L1080-L1081 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Karasek, M.

Kikuchi, K.

Laming, R. I.

O. Graydon, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, and L. Dong, "Triple-frequency operation of an Er-doped twincore fiber loop laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 63-65 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Larochelle, S.

Lee, J. H.

Liu, H.

A. Zhang, H. Liu, M. Demokan, and H. Tam, "Stable and broad bandwidth multiwavelength fiber ring laser incorporating a highly nonlinear photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2535-2537 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, J.

Liu, X.

Loh, W. H.

O. Graydon, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, and L. Dong, "Triple-frequency operation of an Er-doped twincore fiber loop laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 63-65 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lu, C.

Lu, F.

Miller, C.

N. Park, J. W. Dawson, K. J. Vahala, and C. Miller, "All fiber, low threshold, widely tunable single-frequency, erbium-doped fiber ring laser with a tandem fiber Fabry-Perot filter," Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2369-2371 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Ng, J.

Ngo, N. Q.

Park, N.

N. Park and P. F. Wysocki, "24-line multiwavelength operation of erbium-doped fiber-ring laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1459-1461 (1996).
[CrossRef]

N. Park, J. W. Dawson, K. J. Vahala, and C. Miller, "All fiber, low threshold, widely tunable single-frequency, erbium-doped fiber ring laser with a tandem fiber Fabry-Perot filter," Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2369-2371 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Piché, M.

Rochette, M.

Roy, V.

Schinn, G.

Stepanov, D. Y.

G. J. Cowle and D. Y. Stepanov, "Multiple wavelength generation with Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1465-1467 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Takushima, Y.

Tam, H.

A. Zhang, H. Liu, M. Demokan, and H. Tam, "Stable and broad bandwidth multiwavelength fiber ring laser incorporating a highly nonlinear photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2535-2537 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tetu, M.

Vahala, K. J.

N. Park, J. W. Dawson, K. J. Vahala, and C. Miller, "All fiber, low threshold, widely tunable single-frequency, erbium-doped fiber ring laser with a tandem fiber Fabry-Perot filter," Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2369-2371 (1991).
[CrossRef]

Wang, Q.

Wang, Y.

Wysocki, P. F.

N. Park and P. F. Wysocki, "24-line multiwavelength operation of erbium-doped fiber-ring laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1459-1461 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Yamashita, S.

S. Yamashita and Y. Inoue, "Multiwavelength Er-Doped Fiber Ring Laser Incorporating Highly Nonlinear Fiber," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 2 44, L1080-L1081 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Yang, X.

Yao, J.

Yao, J. P.

Zhang, A.

A. Zhang, H. Liu, M. Demokan, and H. Tam, "Stable and broad bandwidth multiwavelength fiber ring laser incorporating a highly nonlinear photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2535-2537 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, W.

Zhou, B.

Zhou, D.

Zhou, K.

Zhou, X.

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

N. Park, J. W. Dawson, K. J. Vahala, and C. Miller, "All fiber, low threshold, widely tunable single-frequency, erbium-doped fiber ring laser with a tandem fiber Fabry-Perot filter," Appl. Phys. Lett. 59, 2369-2371 (1991).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (4)

A. Zhang, H. Liu, M. Demokan, and H. Tam, "Stable and broad bandwidth multiwavelength fiber ring laser incorporating a highly nonlinear photonic crystal fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2535-2537 (2005).
[CrossRef]

N. Park and P. F. Wysocki, "24-line multiwavelength operation of erbium-doped fiber-ring laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1459-1461 (1996).
[CrossRef]

O. Graydon, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, and L. Dong, "Triple-frequency operation of an Er-doped twincore fiber loop laser," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 63-65 (1996).
[CrossRef]

G. J. Cowle and D. Y. Stepanov, "Multiple wavelength generation with Brillouin/erbium fiber lasers," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 1465-1467 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. (1)

S. Yamashita and Y. Inoue, "Multiwavelength Er-Doped Fiber Ring Laser Incorporating Highly Nonlinear Fiber," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys., Part 2 44, L1080-L1081 (2005)
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (2)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Other (2)

M. J. F. Digonnet (Ed.), Rare-Earth Doped Fiber Lasers and Amplifiers, 2nd ed. (Marcel Dekker, New York, 2001).

Y. Zhao, C. Shu, S. P. Li, H. Ding, and K. T. Chiang, "Multiple wavelength operation of a unidirectional Er-doped fiber ring laser with optical feedback," in Proc. Tech. Dig. Conf. Laser and Electro-Optics (CLEO’97), Paper CThL65, p. 396 (1997).

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Figures (5)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

(a) Setup for the multiwavelength fiber laser. C, 10/90 coupler; I, optical isolator; OSA, optical spectrum analyzer; BPF, optical bandpass filter. (b) Transmission spectrum of the FPF

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Linewidth (FWHM) as a function of the optical power that injected into the HNLF.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Three-dimensional plot of measured spectral evolution of the optical output versus the power that injected into the HNLF. OSA Resolution: 0.2nm.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a) Laser spectrum with a span of 20nm. (b) Expanded laser spectrum. OSA Resolution: 0.01nm.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Repeated scans of the output optical spectrum. The time interval of each scan was 10 min.

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