Abstract

We demonstrate highly efficient evanescent coupling between a highly nonlinear chalcogenide glass two dimensional photonic crystal waveguide and a silica fiber nanowire. We achieve 98% insertion efficiency to the fundamental photonic crystal waveguide mode with a 3dB coupling bandwidth of 12nm, in good agreement with theory. This scheme provides a promising platform to realize low power nanocavity based all-optical switching and logic functions.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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Appl. Phys. Lett. (5)

M. F. Yanik, S. Fan, and M. Soljacic, “High-contrast all-optical bistable switching in photonic crystal microcavities,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 83, 2739-2741 (2003).
[CrossRef]

X. Letartre, C. Seassal, C. Grillet, P. Rojo-Romeo, P. Viktorovitch, M. Le Vassor d'Yerville, D. Cassagne, and C. Jouanin, “Group velocity and propagation losses measurement in a single-line photonic-crystal waveguide on InP membranes” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 2312 (2001).
[CrossRef]

F. Raineri, Crina Cojocaru, P. Monnier, A. Levenson, R. Raj, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, and P. Viktorovitch, “Ultrafast dynamics of the third-order nonlinear response in a two-dimensional InP-based photonic crystal” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 1880 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. E. Barclay, K. Srinivasan, M. Borselli, and O. Painter, “Probing the dispersive and spatial properties of photonic crystal waveguides via highly efficient coupling from fiber tapers,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 85, 4 (2004).
[CrossRef]

I. Hwang, S. Kim, J. Yang, S. Kim, S. Lee, and Y. Lee, “Curved-microfiber photon coupling for photonic crystal light emitter,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 87, 131107 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (2)

P. E. Barclay, K. Srinivasan, M. Borselli, and O. Painter, “Experimental demonstration of evanescent coupling from optical fiber tapers to photonic crystal waveguides,” Electron. Lett. 39, 842 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Monat, C. Seassal, X. Letartre, P. Viktorovitch, P. Regreny, M. Gendry, P. Rojo-Romeo, G. Hollinger, E. Jalaguier, S. Pocas, and B. Aspar, “InP 2D photonic crystal microlasers on silicon wafer: room temperature operation at 1.55 μm,” Electron. Lett. 37, 764 (2001).

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. (1)

K. Srinivasan, P. E. Barclay, M. Borselli, and O. Painter, “An optical-fiber based probe for photonic crystal microcavities,” IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 23, 1321–1329 (2005).

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

D. Marcuse, “Bandwith of forward and backward coupling directional couplers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 5 1773-1777 (1987).

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Nature Materials (1)

M. Soljacic, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Enhancement of nonlinear effects using photonic crystals,” Nature Materials 3, 211-219 (2004).

Opt. Express (7)

Y. Ruan, W. Li, R. Jarvis, N. Madsen, A. Rode, and B. Luther-Davies, “Fabrication and characterization of low loss rib chalcogenide waveguides made by dry etching,” Opt. Express 12, 5140-5145 (2004), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-21-5140">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-21-5140</a>
[CrossRef]

D. Freeman, S. Madden, and B. Luther-Davies, “Fabrication of planar photonic crystals in a chalcogenide glass using a focused ion beam,” Opt. Express 13, 3079-3086 (2005), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-8-3079">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-8-3079</a>
[CrossRef]

C. Grillet, D. Freeman, B. Luther-Davies, S. Madden, R. McPhedran, D. J. Moss, M. J. Steel, and B. J. Eggleton, “Characterization and modeling of Fano resonances in chalcogenide photonic crystal membranes,” Opt. Express 14, 369-376 (2006), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-14-1-369">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-14-1-369</a>
[CrossRef]

S. J. McNab, N. Moll, and Y. A. Vlasov, “Ultra-low loss photonic integrated circuit with membrane-type photonic crystal waveguides,” Opt. Express 11, 2927-2939 (2003), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-22-2927.">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-11-22-2927.</a>

M. Notomi, A. Shinya, S. Mitsugi, G. Kira, E. Kuramochi, and T. Tanabe, “Optical bistable switching action of Si high-Q photonic-crystal nanocavities,” Opt. Express 13, 2678-2687 (2005) <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-7-2678">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-7-2678</a>
[CrossRef]

Y. K. Lizé, E. C. Mägi, V. G. Ta'eed, J. A. Bolger, P. Steinvurzel, and B. J. Eggleton, “Microstructured optical fiber photonic wires with subwavelength core diameter,” Opt. Express 12, 3209-3217 (2004), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-14-3209">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-12-14-3209</a>
[CrossRef]

P. E. Barclay, K. Srinivasan, and O. Painter, “Nonlinear response of silicon photonic crystal microresonators excited via an integrated waveguide and fiber taper,” Opt. Express 13, 801-820 (2005), <a href="http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-3-801">http://www.opticsexpress.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OPEX-13-3-801</a>
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (6)

Phot. And Nanostructures (1)

M. Qiu, M. Swillo, “Contra-directional coupling between two-dimensional photonic crystal waveguides,” Phot. And Nanostructures (2003).

Phys. Rev. B (2)

K. Srinivasan, P. E. Barclay, M. Borselli, and O. Painter, “Optical-fiber based measurement of an ultra-small volume high-Q photonic crystal microcavity,” Phys. Rev. B 70, 081306(R) (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. Centeno and D. Felbacq, “Optical bistability in finite-size nonlinear bidimensional photonic crystals doped by a microcavity,” Phys. Rev. B 62, 7683-7686(R) (2000).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E (1)

M. Soljacic, M. Ibanescu, S. G. Johnson, Y. Fink, and J. D. Joannopoulos, “Optimal bistable switching in nonlinear photonic crystals,” Phys. Rev. E 66, 055601(R) (2002).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett. (2)

E. Yablonovitch, “Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059-2062 (1987).
[CrossRef]

S. John, “Strong localization of photons in certain disordered dielectric superlattices,” Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2486 (1987).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

S. Noda, T. Baba, Roadmap on photonic crystals (Springer, 2003).

R. E. Slusher, B. J. Eggleton, Nonlinear photonic crystals (Springer, Berlin, 2003).

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