Abstract

A germanium acousto-optic modulator was recently reported (Shim et al., Optics Letters, 31, 838, 2006) that is capable of generating phase and amplitude shaped femtosecond pulses directly in the mid-infrared. In this paper, the design, implementation and performance of this novel mid-IR shaper is described in detail as is the sub-50 fs optical parametric amplifier that provides large bandwidth for generation of complex pulse shapes. These details include the acoustic power and wavelength dependence of the deflection efficiency, the phase stability of the shaper, the synchronization of electronics, and a study on how the mid-IR bandwidth of the optical parametric amplifier depends on its optical configuration. With these details quantified, the accuracy of the device is tested by creating a series of shaped pulses that are characterized by cross-correlation with well-known mid-IR reference pulses and by simulations. Test waveforms include optimally compressed, phase-chirped and amplitude-modulated mid-IR pulses. The shaped pulses are of sufficient quality that they will enable new experiments in 2D IR spectroscopy and in the coherent control of vibrations in ground electronic states.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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2006 (6)

P. Mukherjee, I. Kass, I. Arkin, and M. T. Zanni, "Picosecond dynamics of a membrane protein revealed by 2D IR," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 103, 3528 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Beyvers, Y. Ohtsuki, and P. Saalfrank, "Optimal control in a dissipative system: Vibrational excitation of CO/Cu(100) by IR pulses," J. Chem. Phys. 124, 234706 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Artamonov, T. S. Ho, and H. Rabitz, "Quantum optimal control of molecular isomerization in the presence of a competing dissociation channel," J. Chem. Phys. 124, (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. A. Bender, M. P. Hasselbeck, and M. Sheik-Bahae, "Sensitive ultrashort pulse chirp measurement," Opt. Lett. 31, 122 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Shim, D. B. Strasfeld, E. C. Fulmer, and M. T. Zanni, "Femtosecond pulse shaping directly in the mid-IR using acousto-optic modulation," Opt. Lett. 31, 838 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Ding, P. Mukherjee, and M. Zanni, "Passively correcting phase drift in 2D IR spectroscopy," Opt. Lett. 31, 2918 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (4)

C. Meier and M. C. Heitz, "Laser control of vibrational excitation in carboxyhemoglobin: A quantum wave packet study," J. Chem. Phys. 123, 044504 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. L. Cowan, B. D. Bruner, N. Huse, J. R. Dwyer, B. Chugh, E. T. J. Nibbering, T. Elsaesser, and R. J. D. Miller, "Ultrafast memory loss and energy redistribution in the hydrogen bond network of liquid H2O," Nature 434, 199 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. C. Fulmer, F. Ding, P. Mukherjee, and M. T. Zanni, "Vibrational dynamics of ions in glass from fifth-order two-dimensional infrared spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. Volkov, R. Schanz, and P. Hamm, "Active phase stabilization in Fourier-transform two-dimensional infrared spectroscopy," Opt. Lett. 30, 2010 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (4)

D. Abramavicius and S. Mukamel, "Disentangling multidimensional femtosecond spectra of excitons by pulse shaping with coherent control," J. Chem. Phys. 120, 8373 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Ventalon, J. M. Fraser, M. H. Vos, A. Alexandrou, J. L. Martin, and M. Joffre, "Coherent vibrational climbing in carboxyhemoglobin," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 101, 13216 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Petkovic and O. Kuhn, "Ultrafast wave packet dynamics of an intramolecular hydrogen transfer system: from vibrational motion to reaction control," Chem. Phys. 304, 91 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. S. Skourtis, D. H. Waldeck, and D. N. Beratan, "Inelastic electron tunneling erases coupling-pathway interferences," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 15511 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (4)

H. S. Tan and W. S. Warren, "Mid infrared pulse shaping by optical parametric amplification and its application to optical free induction decay measurement," Opt. Express 11, 1021 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Hacker, G. Stobrawa, R. Sauerbrey, T. Buckup, M. Motzkus, M. Wildenhain, and A. Gehner, "Micromirror SLM for femtosecond pulse shaping in the ultraviolet," Appl. Phys. B 76, 711 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Prakelt, M. Wollenhaupt, A. Assion, C. Horn, C. Sarpe-Tudoran, M. Winter, and T. Baumert, "Compact, robust, and flexible setup for femtosecond pulse shaping," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 4950 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. F. Tian, D. Keusters, Y. Suzaki, and W. S. Warren, "Femtosecond phase-coherent two-dimensional spectroscopy," Science 300, 1553 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (4)

2001 (3)

2000 (6)

1999 (1)

N. Doslic, K. Sundermann, L. Gonzalez, O. Mo, J. Giraud-Girard, and O. Kuhn, "Ultrafast photoinduced dissipative hydrogen switching dynamics in thioacetylacetone," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 1, 1249 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (3)

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, "Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses," Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

V. D. Kleiman, S. M. Arrivo, J. S. Melinger, and E. J. Heilweil, "Controlling condensed-phase vibrational excitation with tailored infrared pulses," Chem. Phys. 233, 207 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, "Spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction of ultrashort optical pulses," Opt. Lett. 23, 792 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (3)

M. A. Dugan, J. X. Tull, and W. S. Warren, "High-resolution acousto-optic shaping of unamplified and amplified femtosecond laser pulses," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 14, 2348 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, "Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

R. J. Gordon and S. A. Rice, "Active control of the dynamics of atoms and molecules," Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 48, 601 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

1993 (1)

Abramavicius, D.

D. Abramavicius and S. Mukamel, "Disentangling multidimensional femtosecond spectra of excitons by pulse shaping with coherent control," J. Chem. Phys. 120, 8373 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Alexandrou, A.

C. Ventalon, J. M. Fraser, M. H. Vos, A. Alexandrou, J. L. Martin, and M. Joffre, "Coherent vibrational climbing in carboxyhemoglobin," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 101, 13216 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arkin, I.

P. Mukherjee, I. Kass, I. Arkin, and M. T. Zanni, "Picosecond dynamics of a membrane protein revealed by 2D IR," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 103, 3528 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Arrivo, S. M.

V. D. Kleiman, S. M. Arrivo, J. S. Melinger, and E. J. Heilweil, "Controlling condensed-phase vibrational excitation with tailored infrared pulses," Chem. Phys. 233, 207 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Artamonov, M.

M. Artamonov, T. S. Ho, and H. Rabitz, "Quantum optimal control of molecular isomerization in the presence of a competing dissociation channel," J. Chem. Phys. 124, (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Assion, A.

A. Prakelt, M. Wollenhaupt, A. Assion, C. Horn, C. Sarpe-Tudoran, M. Winter, and T. Baumert, "Compact, robust, and flexible setup for femtosecond pulse shaping," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 4950 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, "Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses," Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bando, T.

Y. Ohta, T. Bando, T. Yoshimoto, K. Nishi, H. Nagao, and K. Nishikawa, "Control of intramolecular proton transfer by a laser field," J. Phys. Chem. A 105, 8031 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Baumert, T.

A. Prakelt, M. Wollenhaupt, A. Assion, C. Horn, C. Sarpe-Tudoran, M. Winter, and T. Baumert, "Compact, robust, and flexible setup for femtosecond pulse shaping," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 4950 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, "Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses," Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Belabas, N.

Bender, D. A.

Beratan, D. N.

S. S. Skourtis, D. H. Waldeck, and D. N. Beratan, "Inelastic electron tunneling erases coupling-pathway interferences," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 15511 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bergt, M.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, "Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses," Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Beyvers, S.

S. Beyvers, Y. Ohtsuki, and P. Saalfrank, "Optimal control in a dissipative system: Vibrational excitation of CO/Cu(100) by IR pulses," J. Chem. Phys. 124, 234706 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bousquet, B.

Brixner, T.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, "Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses," Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bruner, B. D.

M. L. Cowan, B. D. Bruner, N. Huse, J. R. Dwyer, B. Chugh, E. T. J. Nibbering, T. Elsaesser, and R. J. D. Miller, "Ultrafast memory loss and energy redistribution in the hydrogen bond network of liquid H2O," Nature 434, 199 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Buckup, T.

M. Hacker, G. Stobrawa, R. Sauerbrey, T. Buckup, M. Motzkus, M. Wildenhain, and A. Gehner, "Micromirror SLM for femtosecond pulse shaping in the ultraviolet," Appl. Phys. B 76, 711 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Canioni, L.

Chugh, B.

M. L. Cowan, B. D. Bruner, N. Huse, J. R. Dwyer, B. Chugh, E. T. J. Nibbering, T. Elsaesser, and R. J. D. Miller, "Ultrafast memory loss and energy redistribution in the hydrogen bond network of liquid H2O," Nature 434, 199 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Cowan, M. L.

M. L. Cowan, B. D. Bruner, N. Huse, J. R. Dwyer, B. Chugh, E. T. J. Nibbering, T. Elsaesser, and R. J. D. Miller, "Ultrafast memory loss and energy redistribution in the hydrogen bond network of liquid H2O," Nature 434, 199 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de Vivie-Riedle, R.

H. Rabitz, R. de Vivie-Riedle, M. Motzkus, and K. Kompa, "Chemistry - Whither the future of controlling quantum phenomena," Science 288, 824 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

DeLong, K. W.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, "Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Demirdoven, N.

Ding, F.

F. Ding, P. Mukherjee, and M. Zanni, "Passively correcting phase drift in 2D IR spectroscopy," Opt. Lett. 31, 2918 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. C. Fulmer, F. Ding, P. Mukherjee, and M. T. Zanni, "Vibrational dynamics of ions in glass from fifth-order two-dimensional infrared spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Doslic, N.

N. Doslic, K. Sundermann, L. Gonzalez, O. Mo, J. Giraud-Girard, and O. Kuhn, "Ultrafast photoinduced dissipative hydrogen switching dynamics in thioacetylacetone," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 1, 1249 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Dugan, M. A.

Dwyer, J. R.

M. L. Cowan, B. D. Bruner, N. Huse, J. R. Dwyer, B. Chugh, E. T. J. Nibbering, T. Elsaesser, and R. J. D. Miller, "Ultrafast memory loss and energy redistribution in the hydrogen bond network of liquid H2O," Nature 434, 199 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Eickemeyer, F.

Elsaesser, T.

M. L. Cowan, B. D. Bruner, N. Huse, J. R. Dwyer, B. Chugh, E. T. J. Nibbering, T. Elsaesser, and R. J. D. Miller, "Ultrafast memory loss and energy redistribution in the hydrogen bond network of liquid H2O," Nature 434, 199 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Eickemeyer, R. A. Kaindl, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, and A. M. Weiner, "Controlled shaping of ultrafast electric field transients in the mid-infrared spectral range," Opt. Lett. 25, 1472 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Fittinghoff, D. N.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, "Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Fraser, J. M.

C. Ventalon, J. M. Fraser, M. H. Vos, A. Alexandrou, J. L. Martin, and M. Joffre, "Coherent vibrational climbing in carboxyhemoglobin," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 101, 13216 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fulmer, E. C.

S. H. Shim, D. B. Strasfeld, E. C. Fulmer, and M. T. Zanni, "Femtosecond pulse shaping directly in the mid-IR using acousto-optic modulation," Opt. Lett. 31, 838 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. C. Fulmer, F. Ding, P. Mukherjee, and M. T. Zanni, "Vibrational dynamics of ions in glass from fifth-order two-dimensional infrared spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Ge, N. H.

N. H. Ge and R. M. Hochstrasser, "Femtosecond two-dimensional infrared spectroscopy: IR-COSY and THIRSTY," Phys. Chem. Comm. 5, 17 (2002)
[CrossRef]

Gehner, A.

M. Hacker, G. Stobrawa, R. Sauerbrey, T. Buckup, M. Motzkus, M. Wildenhain, and A. Gehner, "Micromirror SLM for femtosecond pulse shaping in the ultraviolet," Appl. Phys. B 76, 711 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gerber, G.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, "Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses," Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Giraud-Girard, J.

N. Doslic, K. Sundermann, L. Gonzalez, O. Mo, J. Giraud-Girard, and O. Kuhn, "Ultrafast photoinduced dissipative hydrogen switching dynamics in thioacetylacetone," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 1, 1249 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Golonzka, O.

Gonzalez, L.

N. Doslic, K. Sundermann, L. Gonzalez, O. Mo, J. Giraud-Girard, and O. Kuhn, "Ultrafast photoinduced dissipative hydrogen switching dynamics in thioacetylacetone," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 1, 1249 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Gordon, R. J.

R. J. Gordon and S. A. Rice, "Active control of the dynamics of atoms and molecules," Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 48, 601 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gu, X.

Hacker, M.

M. Hacker, G. Stobrawa, R. Sauerbrey, T. Buckup, M. Motzkus, M. Wildenhain, and A. Gehner, "Micromirror SLM for femtosecond pulse shaping in the ultraviolet," Appl. Phys. B 76, 711 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hamm, P.

Hasselbeck, M. P.

Heilweil, E. J.

V. D. Kleiman, S. M. Arrivo, J. S. Melinger, and E. J. Heilweil, "Controlling condensed-phase vibrational excitation with tailored infrared pulses," Chem. Phys. 233, 207 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Heitz, M. C.

C. Meier and M. C. Heitz, "Laser control of vibrational excitation in carboxyhemoglobin: A quantum wave packet study," J. Chem. Phys. 123, 044504 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hirayama, T.

Ho, T. S.

M. Artamonov, T. S. Ho, and H. Rabitz, "Quantum optimal control of molecular isomerization in the presence of a competing dissociation channel," J. Chem. Phys. 124, (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Hochstrasser, R. M.

N. H. Ge and R. M. Hochstrasser, "Femtosecond two-dimensional infrared spectroscopy: IR-COSY and THIRSTY," Phys. Chem. Comm. 5, 17 (2002)
[CrossRef]

Horn, C.

A. Prakelt, M. Wollenhaupt, A. Assion, C. Horn, C. Sarpe-Tudoran, M. Winter, and T. Baumert, "Compact, robust, and flexible setup for femtosecond pulse shaping," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 4950 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Huse, N.

M. L. Cowan, B. D. Bruner, N. Huse, J. R. Dwyer, B. Chugh, E. T. J. Nibbering, T. Elsaesser, and R. J. D. Miller, "Ultrafast memory loss and energy redistribution in the hydrogen bond network of liquid H2O," Nature 434, 199 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Iaconis, C.

Joffre, M.

C. Ventalon, J. M. Fraser, M. H. Vos, A. Alexandrou, J. L. Martin, and M. Joffre, "Coherent vibrational climbing in carboxyhemoglobin," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 101, 13216 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Belabas, J. P. Likforman, L. Canioni, B. Bousquet, and M. Joffre, "Coherent broadband pulse shaping in the mid infrared," Opt. Lett. 26, 743 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kaindl, R. A.

Kane, D. J.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, "Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kass, I.

P. Mukherjee, I. Kass, I. Arkin, and M. T. Zanni, "Picosecond dynamics of a membrane protein revealed by 2D IR," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 103, 3528 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Keusters, D.

P. F. Tian, D. Keusters, Y. Suzaki, and W. S. Warren, "Femtosecond phase-coherent two-dimensional spectroscopy," Science 300, 1553 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Khalil, M.

Kiefer, B.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, "Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses," Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kimmel, M.

Kleiman, V. D.

V. D. Kleiman, S. M. Arrivo, J. S. Melinger, and E. J. Heilweil, "Controlling condensed-phase vibrational excitation with tailored infrared pulses," Chem. Phys. 233, 207 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kompa, K.

H. Rabitz, R. de Vivie-Riedle, M. Motzkus, and K. Kompa, "Chemistry - Whither the future of controlling quantum phenomena," Science 288, 824 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Kompa, K. L.

Krumbugel, M. A.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, "Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kuhn, O.

M. Petkovic and O. Kuhn, "Ultrafast wave packet dynamics of an intramolecular hydrogen transfer system: from vibrational motion to reaction control," Chem. Phys. 304, 91 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. Doslic, K. Sundermann, L. Gonzalez, O. Mo, J. Giraud-Girard, and O. Kuhn, "Ultrafast photoinduced dissipative hydrogen switching dynamics in thioacetylacetone," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 1, 1249 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Likforman, J. P.

Martin, J. L.

C. Ventalon, J. M. Fraser, M. H. Vos, A. Alexandrou, J. L. Martin, and M. Joffre, "Coherent vibrational climbing in carboxyhemoglobin," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 101, 13216 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Meier, C.

C. Meier and M. C. Heitz, "Laser control of vibrational excitation in carboxyhemoglobin: A quantum wave packet study," J. Chem. Phys. 123, 044504 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Melinger, J. S.

V. D. Kleiman, S. M. Arrivo, J. S. Melinger, and E. J. Heilweil, "Controlling condensed-phase vibrational excitation with tailored infrared pulses," Chem. Phys. 233, 207 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Miller, R. J. D.

M. L. Cowan, B. D. Bruner, N. Huse, J. R. Dwyer, B. Chugh, E. T. J. Nibbering, T. Elsaesser, and R. J. D. Miller, "Ultrafast memory loss and energy redistribution in the hydrogen bond network of liquid H2O," Nature 434, 199 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mo, O.

N. Doslic, K. Sundermann, L. Gonzalez, O. Mo, J. Giraud-Girard, and O. Kuhn, "Ultrafast photoinduced dissipative hydrogen switching dynamics in thioacetylacetone," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 1, 1249 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Motzkus, M.

M. Hacker, G. Stobrawa, R. Sauerbrey, T. Buckup, M. Motzkus, M. Wildenhain, and A. Gehner, "Micromirror SLM for femtosecond pulse shaping in the ultraviolet," Appl. Phys. B 76, 711 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. Witte, D. Zeidler, D. Proch, K. L. Kompa, and M. Motzkus, "Programmable amplitude- and phase-modulated femtosecond laser pulses in the mid-infrared," Opt. Lett. 27, 131 (2002).
[CrossRef]

H. Rabitz, R. de Vivie-Riedle, M. Motzkus, and K. Kompa, "Chemistry - Whither the future of controlling quantum phenomena," Science 288, 824 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mukamel, S.

D. Abramavicius and S. Mukamel, "Disentangling multidimensional femtosecond spectra of excitons by pulse shaping with coherent control," J. Chem. Phys. 120, 8373 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Mukherjee, P.

P. Mukherjee, I. Kass, I. Arkin, and M. T. Zanni, "Picosecond dynamics of a membrane protein revealed by 2D IR," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 103, 3528 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Ding, P. Mukherjee, and M. Zanni, "Passively correcting phase drift in 2D IR spectroscopy," Opt. Lett. 31, 2918 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. C. Fulmer, F. Ding, P. Mukherjee, and M. T. Zanni, "Vibrational dynamics of ions in glass from fifth-order two-dimensional infrared spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nagao, H.

Y. Ohta, T. Bando, T. Yoshimoto, K. Nishi, H. Nagao, and K. Nishikawa, "Control of intramolecular proton transfer by a laser field," J. Phys. Chem. A 105, 8031 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nelson, K. A.

Nibbering, E. T. J.

M. L. Cowan, B. D. Bruner, N. Huse, J. R. Dwyer, B. Chugh, E. T. J. Nibbering, T. Elsaesser, and R. J. D. Miller, "Ultrafast memory loss and energy redistribution in the hydrogen bond network of liquid H2O," Nature 434, 199 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nishi, K.

Y. Ohta, T. Bando, T. Yoshimoto, K. Nishi, H. Nagao, and K. Nishikawa, "Control of intramolecular proton transfer by a laser field," J. Phys. Chem. A 105, 8031 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Nishikawa, K.

Y. Ohta, T. Bando, T. Yoshimoto, K. Nishi, H. Nagao, and K. Nishikawa, "Control of intramolecular proton transfer by a laser field," J. Phys. Chem. A 105, 8031 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ohta, Y.

Y. Ohta, T. Bando, T. Yoshimoto, K. Nishi, H. Nagao, and K. Nishikawa, "Control of intramolecular proton transfer by a laser field," J. Phys. Chem. A 105, 8031 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ohtsuki, Y.

S. Beyvers, Y. Ohtsuki, and P. Saalfrank, "Optimal control in a dissipative system: Vibrational excitation of CO/Cu(100) by IR pulses," J. Chem. Phys. 124, 234706 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

O'Shea, P.

Petkovic, M.

M. Petkovic and O. Kuhn, "Ultrafast wave packet dynamics of an intramolecular hydrogen transfer system: from vibrational motion to reaction control," Chem. Phys. 304, 91 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Prakelt, A.

A. Prakelt, M. Wollenhaupt, A. Assion, C. Horn, C. Sarpe-Tudoran, M. Winter, and T. Baumert, "Compact, robust, and flexible setup for femtosecond pulse shaping," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 4950 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Proch, D.

Rabitz, H.

M. Artamonov, T. S. Ho, and H. Rabitz, "Quantum optimal control of molecular isomerization in the presence of a competing dissociation channel," J. Chem. Phys. 124, (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. Rabitz, R. de Vivie-Riedle, M. Motzkus, and K. Kompa, "Chemistry - Whither the future of controlling quantum phenomena," Science 288, 824 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reimann, K.

Rice, S. A.

R. J. Gordon and S. A. Rice, "Active control of the dynamics of atoms and molecules," Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 48, 601 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Richman, B. A.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, "Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Saalfrank, P.

S. Beyvers, Y. Ohtsuki, and P. Saalfrank, "Optimal control in a dissipative system: Vibrational excitation of CO/Cu(100) by IR pulses," J. Chem. Phys. 124, 234706 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sarpe-Tudoran, C.

A. Prakelt, M. Wollenhaupt, A. Assion, C. Horn, C. Sarpe-Tudoran, M. Winter, and T. Baumert, "Compact, robust, and flexible setup for femtosecond pulse shaping," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 4950 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Sauerbrey, R.

M. Hacker, G. Stobrawa, R. Sauerbrey, T. Buckup, M. Motzkus, M. Wildenhain, and A. Gehner, "Micromirror SLM for femtosecond pulse shaping in the ultraviolet," Appl. Phys. B 76, 711 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Schanz, R.

See,

SeeS. Mukamel, "Multidimensional femtosecond correlation spectroscopies of electronic and vibrational excitations," Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 51, 691 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Seyfried, V.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, "Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses," Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sheik-Bahae, M.

Shim, S. H.

Skourtis, S. S.

S. S. Skourtis, D. H. Waldeck, and D. N. Beratan, "Inelastic electron tunneling erases coupling-pathway interferences," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 15511 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Stenger, J.

Stobrawa, G.

M. Hacker, G. Stobrawa, R. Sauerbrey, T. Buckup, M. Motzkus, M. Wildenhain, and A. Gehner, "Micromirror SLM for femtosecond pulse shaping in the ultraviolet," Appl. Phys. B 76, 711 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Strasfeld, D. B.

Strehle, M.

A. Assion, T. Baumert, M. Bergt, T. Brixner, B. Kiefer, V. Seyfried, M. Strehle, and G. Gerber, "Control of chemical reactions by feedback-optimized phase-shaped femtosecond laser pulses," Science 282, 919 (1998).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sundermann, K.

N. Doslic, K. Sundermann, L. Gonzalez, O. Mo, J. Giraud-Girard, and O. Kuhn, "Ultrafast photoinduced dissipative hydrogen switching dynamics in thioacetylacetone," Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 1, 1249 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Suzaki, Y.

P. F. Tian, D. Keusters, Y. Suzaki, and W. S. Warren, "Femtosecond phase-coherent two-dimensional spectroscopy," Science 300, 1553 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Sweetser, J. N.

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, "Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tan, H. S.

Tian, P. F.

P. F. Tian, D. Keusters, Y. Suzaki, and W. S. Warren, "Femtosecond phase-coherent two-dimensional spectroscopy," Science 300, 1553 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tokmakoff, A.

Trebino, R.

P. O'Shea, M. Kimmel, X. Gu, and R. Trebino, "Highly simplified device for ultrashort-pulse measurement," Opt. Lett. 26, 932 (2001).
[CrossRef]

R. Trebino, K. W. DeLong, D. N. Fittinghoff, J. N. Sweetser, M. A. Krumbugel, B. A. Richman, and D. J. Kane, "Measuring ultrashort laser pulses in the time-frequency domain using frequency-resolved optical gating," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 68, 3277 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Tull, J. X.

Ventalon, C.

C. Ventalon, J. M. Fraser, M. H. Vos, A. Alexandrou, J. L. Martin, and M. Joffre, "Coherent vibrational climbing in carboxyhemoglobin," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 101, 13216 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Volkov, V.

Vos, M. H.

C. Ventalon, J. M. Fraser, M. H. Vos, A. Alexandrou, J. L. Martin, and M. Joffre, "Coherent vibrational climbing in carboxyhemoglobin," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 101, 13216 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Waldeck, D. H.

S. S. Skourtis, D. H. Waldeck, and D. N. Beratan, "Inelastic electron tunneling erases coupling-pathway interferences," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 15511 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Walmsley, I. A.

Warren, W. S.

Wefers, M. M.

Weiner, A. M.

Wildenhain, M.

M. Hacker, G. Stobrawa, R. Sauerbrey, T. Buckup, M. Motzkus, M. Wildenhain, and A. Gehner, "Micromirror SLM for femtosecond pulse shaping in the ultraviolet," Appl. Phys. B 76, 711 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Winter, M.

A. Prakelt, M. Wollenhaupt, A. Assion, C. Horn, C. Sarpe-Tudoran, M. Winter, and T. Baumert, "Compact, robust, and flexible setup for femtosecond pulse shaping," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 4950 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Witte, T.

Woerner, M.

Wollenhaupt, M.

A. Prakelt, M. Wollenhaupt, A. Assion, C. Horn, C. Sarpe-Tudoran, M. Winter, and T. Baumert, "Compact, robust, and flexible setup for femtosecond pulse shaping," Rev. Sci. Instrum. 74, 4950 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wurm, M.

Yoshimoto, T.

Y. Ohta, T. Bando, T. Yoshimoto, K. Nishi, H. Nagao, and K. Nishikawa, "Control of intramolecular proton transfer by a laser field," J. Phys. Chem. A 105, 8031 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zanni, M.

Zanni, M. T.

S. H. Shim, D. B. Strasfeld, E. C. Fulmer, and M. T. Zanni, "Femtosecond pulse shaping directly in the mid-IR using acousto-optic modulation," Opt. Lett. 31, 838 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Mukherjee, I. Kass, I. Arkin, and M. T. Zanni, "Picosecond dynamics of a membrane protein revealed by 2D IR," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 103, 3528 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. C. Fulmer, F. Ding, P. Mukherjee, and M. T. Zanni, "Vibrational dynamics of ions in glass from fifth-order two-dimensional infrared spectroscopy," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zeidler, D.

Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. (2)

SeeS. Mukamel, "Multidimensional femtosecond correlation spectroscopies of electronic and vibrational excitations," Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 51, 691 (2000).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

R. J. Gordon and S. A. Rice, "Active control of the dynamics of atoms and molecules," Annu. Rev. Phys. Chem. 48, 601 (1997).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Appl. Phys. B (1)

M. Hacker, G. Stobrawa, R. Sauerbrey, T. Buckup, M. Motzkus, M. Wildenhain, and A. Gehner, "Micromirror SLM for femtosecond pulse shaping in the ultraviolet," Appl. Phys. B 76, 711 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. (2)

V. D. Kleiman, S. M. Arrivo, J. S. Melinger, and E. J. Heilweil, "Controlling condensed-phase vibrational excitation with tailored infrared pulses," Chem. Phys. 233, 207 (1998).
[CrossRef]

M. Petkovic and O. Kuhn, "Ultrafast wave packet dynamics of an intramolecular hydrogen transfer system: from vibrational motion to reaction control," Chem. Phys. 304, 91 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (4)

C. Meier and M. C. Heitz, "Laser control of vibrational excitation in carboxyhemoglobin: A quantum wave packet study," J. Chem. Phys. 123, 044504 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. Beyvers, Y. Ohtsuki, and P. Saalfrank, "Optimal control in a dissipative system: Vibrational excitation of CO/Cu(100) by IR pulses," J. Chem. Phys. 124, 234706 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. Abramavicius and S. Mukamel, "Disentangling multidimensional femtosecond spectra of excitons by pulse shaping with coherent control," J. Chem. Phys. 120, 8373 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Artamonov, T. S. Ho, and H. Rabitz, "Quantum optimal control of molecular isomerization in the presence of a competing dissociation channel," J. Chem. Phys. 124, (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (2)

J. Phys. Chem. A (1)

Y. Ohta, T. Bando, T. Yoshimoto, K. Nishi, H. Nagao, and K. Nishikawa, "Control of intramolecular proton transfer by a laser field," J. Phys. Chem. A 105, 8031 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. B (1)

S. S. Skourtis, D. H. Waldeck, and D. N. Beratan, "Inelastic electron tunneling erases coupling-pathway interferences," J. Phys. Chem. B 108, 15511 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

M. L. Cowan, B. D. Bruner, N. Huse, J. R. Dwyer, B. Chugh, E. T. J. Nibbering, T. Elsaesser, and R. J. D. Miller, "Ultrafast memory loss and energy redistribution in the hydrogen bond network of liquid H2O," Nature 434, 199 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Lett. (13)

V. Volkov, R. Schanz, and P. Hamm, "Active phase stabilization in Fourier-transform two-dimensional infrared spectroscopy," Opt. Lett. 30, 2010 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

D. A. Bender, M. P. Hasselbeck, and M. Sheik-Bahae, "Sensitive ultrashort pulse chirp measurement," Opt. Lett. 31, 122 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

S. H. Shim, D. B. Strasfeld, E. C. Fulmer, and M. T. Zanni, "Femtosecond pulse shaping directly in the mid-IR using acousto-optic modulation," Opt. Lett. 31, 838 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

F. Ding, P. Mukherjee, and M. Zanni, "Passively correcting phase drift in 2D IR spectroscopy," Opt. Lett. 31, 2918 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Belabas, J. P. Likforman, L. Canioni, B. Bousquet, and M. Joffre, "Coherent broadband pulse shaping in the mid infrared," Opt. Lett. 26, 743 (2001).
[CrossRef]

P. O'Shea, M. Kimmel, X. Gu, and R. Trebino, "Highly simplified device for ultrashort-pulse measurement," Opt. Lett. 26, 932 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. Witte, D. Zeidler, D. Proch, K. L. Kompa, and M. Motzkus, "Programmable amplitude- and phase-modulated femtosecond laser pulses in the mid-infrared," Opt. Lett. 27, 131 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N. Demirdoven, M. Khalil, O. Golonzka, and A. Tokmakoff, "Dispersion compensation with optical materials for compression of intense sub-100-fs mid-infrared pulses," Opt. Lett. 27, 433-435 (2002).
[CrossRef]

T. Hirayama and M. Sheik-Bahae, "Real-time chirp diagnostic for ultrashort laser pulses," Opt. Lett. 27, 860 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Iaconis and I. A. Walmsley, "Spectral phase interferometry for direct electric-field reconstruction of ultrashort optical pulses," Opt. Lett. 23, 792 (1998).
[CrossRef]

F. Eickemeyer, R. A. Kaindl, M. Woerner, T. Elsaesser, and A. M. Weiner, "Controlled shaping of ultrafast electric field transients in the mid-infrared spectral range," Opt. Lett. 25, 1472 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. Hamm, R. A. Kaindl, and J. Stenger, "Noise suppression in femtosecond mid-infrared light sources," Opt. Lett. 25, 1798 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. M. Wefers and K. A. Nelson, "Programmable Phase and Amplitude Femtosecond Pulse Shaping," Opt. Lett. 18, 2032 (1993).
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Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. (1)

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Phys. Rev. Lett. (1)

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Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA (2)

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Other (2)

Our previous publication of Ref. 9 incorrectly stated that the timing jitter was <1 ns.

W. S. Warren, In unpublished work, W. S. Warren investigated picosecond mid-IR pulse shaping using a Ge AOM. (personal communication, 2006).

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Figures (8)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup of the OPA and pulse shaper. BS, beamsplitter; HR, high-reflecting mirror; L, lens; Au, flat gold mirror; LWP, long wave pass; SM, spherical gold mirror; MD, manual delay; G, grating; CM, cylindrical mirror; FM, folding mirror; AOM, Ge acousto-optic modulator; AWG, arbitrary waveform generator. Dashed objects were taken out after optimizing the OPA as described in Sec 3.1. Crystal thicknesses are for the optimized OPA design.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Dependence of mid-IR bandwith on OPA optical configuration. (blue) 4 mm BBO and 1.5 mm AgGaS2; (green) cube polarizer is removed; (red) 1.0 mm AgGaS2; (cyan) 2 mm BBO; (purple) 0.5 mm AgGaS2. The abrupt drop in intensity at 4.3 µm is caused by CO2 absorption.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Phase stability measurements using external clock for the arbitrary waveform generator. 5 laser shots were averaged for each point.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Position and acoustic wave amplitude dependence on deflection efficiency. (a) Deflected intensity at three positions across the aperture vs. acoustic wave amplitude. (b) Deflection efficiency across the aperture for an acoustic wave amplitude of 0.5.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Compressing the shaped pulses. (a) Scanned SHG intensity as a function of phase terms ϕ 2 and ϕ 3. Autocorrelations with (b) unoptimized and (c) optimized phase parameters.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

Characterization of Mid-IR pulses before the shaper: (a) spectrum; (b) autocorrelation; (c) experimental (dashed) and simulated (solid) MOSAIC traces.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

Experiment and simulated Wigner diagrams of programmed phase shaped pulses. The rows show chirps with parameters (a)–(c) ϕ 2=-1.0 ps2, (d)–(f) ϕ 3=-0.5 ps3 and (g)–(i) ϕ 4=0.2 ps4. The columns contain the experimental (left), simulations that include the chirp (ϕ 2=0.0763 ps2 and ϕ 3=-0.0246 ps3) from the reference mid-IR (center) and simulations with transform limited reference pulses (right).

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Experiment and simulated Wigner diagrams of double pulses with 500 fs time interval: (a) experimental (left), (b) simulations that include the chirp from the reference mid-IR and (c) simulations with transform limited reference pulses.

Equations (2)

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ϕ ( ω ) = ϕ 0 + ϕ 1 ( ω ω 0 ) + 1 2 ϕ 2 ( ω ω 0 ) 2 + 1 6 ϕ 3 ( ω ω 0 ) 3 + 1 24 ϕ 4 ( ω ω 0 ) 4 +
W ( τ , ω ) = d s S * ( τ s 2 ) S ( τ + s 2 ) e i ω s

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