Abstract

We propose and demonstrate a tunable erbium-based fiber ring laser with power-equalized output. When a mode-restricting intracavity fiber Fabry-Perot tunable filter (FFP-TF) is combined, the proposed resonator can guarantee a tunable laser oscillation. This proposed laser can obtain the flatter lasing wavelength in an effectively operating range of 1533.3 to 1574.6 nm without any other operating mechanism. Moreover, the performances of the output power, wavelength tuning range, and side-mode suppression ratio (SMSR) were studied.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. S. K. Liaw, C. C. Lee, K. P. Ho, and S. Chi, “Power equalized wavelength-selective fiber lasers using fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Commun. 155, 255–259 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  2. Y. Shi, M. Sejka, and O. Poulsen, “A unidirectional Er-doped fiber ring laser without isolator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7, 290–292 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  3. W. H. Loh, B. N. Samson, L. Dong, G. J. Cowle, and K. Hsu, “High performance single frequency fiber grating-based Erbium: Yt-terbium-codoped fiber lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 114–118 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  4. A. Cucinotta, S. Selleri, L. Vincetti, and M. Zoboli, “Numerical and experimental analysis of erbium-doped fiber amplifier liner cavity lasers,” Opt. Commun. 156, 264–270 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, C. Y. Chen, and S. Chi, “A Tunable S-Band Erbium-Doped Fiber Ring Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1053–1054 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Yamashita and M. Nishihara, “Widely erbium-doped fiber ring laser covering both C-band and L-band,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 41–43 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  7. O. Graydon, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, and L. Dong, “Triple frequency operation of an Er-doped twincore loop laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 63–65 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  8. H. Y. Tseng, S. K. Liaw, and S. Chi, “Power-equalized parallel-type pump-shared fiber lasers based on parameter-adjustment,” Opt. Commun. 170, 229–234 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  9. C.-H. Yeh, M.-C. Lin, and S. Chi, “Gain flattened erbium-doped amplifier with 34 nm flat bandwidth,” Electron. Lett. 42, 1086–1088 (2006).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (1)

C.-H. Yeh, M.-C. Lin, and S. Chi, “Gain flattened erbium-doped amplifier with 34 nm flat bandwidth,” Electron. Lett. 42, 1086–1088 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, C. Y. Chen, and S. Chi, “A Tunable S-Band Erbium-Doped Fiber Ring Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1053–1054 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2001 (1)

S. Yamashita and M. Nishihara, “Widely erbium-doped fiber ring laser covering both C-band and L-band,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 41–43 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999 (1)

H. Y. Tseng, S. K. Liaw, and S. Chi, “Power-equalized parallel-type pump-shared fiber lasers based on parameter-adjustment,” Opt. Commun. 170, 229–234 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

S. K. Liaw, C. C. Lee, K. P. Ho, and S. Chi, “Power equalized wavelength-selective fiber lasers using fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Commun. 155, 255–259 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Cucinotta, S. Selleri, L. Vincetti, and M. Zoboli, “Numerical and experimental analysis of erbium-doped fiber amplifier liner cavity lasers,” Opt. Commun. 156, 264–270 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996 (2)

W. H. Loh, B. N. Samson, L. Dong, G. J. Cowle, and K. Hsu, “High performance single frequency fiber grating-based Erbium: Yt-terbium-codoped fiber lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 114–118 (1996).
[CrossRef]

O. Graydon, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, and L. Dong, “Triple frequency operation of an Er-doped twincore loop laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 63–65 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

Y. Shi, M. Sejka, and O. Poulsen, “A unidirectional Er-doped fiber ring laser without isolator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7, 290–292 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Chen, C. Y.

C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, C. Y. Chen, and S. Chi, “A Tunable S-Band Erbium-Doped Fiber Ring Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1053–1054 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Chi, S.

C.-H. Yeh, M.-C. Lin, and S. Chi, “Gain flattened erbium-doped amplifier with 34 nm flat bandwidth,” Electron. Lett. 42, 1086–1088 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, C. Y. Chen, and S. Chi, “A Tunable S-Band Erbium-Doped Fiber Ring Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1053–1054 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Tseng, S. K. Liaw, and S. Chi, “Power-equalized parallel-type pump-shared fiber lasers based on parameter-adjustment,” Opt. Commun. 170, 229–234 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Liaw, C. C. Lee, K. P. Ho, and S. Chi, “Power equalized wavelength-selective fiber lasers using fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Commun. 155, 255–259 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cowle, G. J.

Cucinotta, A.

A. Cucinotta, S. Selleri, L. Vincetti, and M. Zoboli, “Numerical and experimental analysis of erbium-doped fiber amplifier liner cavity lasers,” Opt. Commun. 156, 264–270 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Dong, L.

O. Graydon, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, and L. Dong, “Triple frequency operation of an Er-doped twincore loop laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 63–65 (1996).
[CrossRef]

W. H. Loh, B. N. Samson, L. Dong, G. J. Cowle, and K. Hsu, “High performance single frequency fiber grating-based Erbium: Yt-terbium-codoped fiber lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 114–118 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Graydon, O.

O. Graydon, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, and L. Dong, “Triple frequency operation of an Er-doped twincore loop laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 63–65 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Ho, K. P.

S. K. Liaw, C. C. Lee, K. P. Ho, and S. Chi, “Power equalized wavelength-selective fiber lasers using fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Commun. 155, 255–259 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hsu, K.

Laming, R. I.

O. Graydon, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, and L. Dong, “Triple frequency operation of an Er-doped twincore loop laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 63–65 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lee, C. C.

C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, C. Y. Chen, and S. Chi, “A Tunable S-Band Erbium-Doped Fiber Ring Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1053–1054 (2003).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Liaw, C. C. Lee, K. P. Ho, and S. Chi, “Power equalized wavelength-selective fiber lasers using fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Commun. 155, 255–259 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Liaw, S. K.

H. Y. Tseng, S. K. Liaw, and S. Chi, “Power-equalized parallel-type pump-shared fiber lasers based on parameter-adjustment,” Opt. Commun. 170, 229–234 (1999).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Liaw, C. C. Lee, K. P. Ho, and S. Chi, “Power equalized wavelength-selective fiber lasers using fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Commun. 155, 255–259 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lin, M.-C.

C.-H. Yeh, M.-C. Lin, and S. Chi, “Gain flattened erbium-doped amplifier with 34 nm flat bandwidth,” Electron. Lett. 42, 1086–1088 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Loh, W. H.

W. H. Loh, B. N. Samson, L. Dong, G. J. Cowle, and K. Hsu, “High performance single frequency fiber grating-based Erbium: Yt-terbium-codoped fiber lasers,” J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 114–118 (1996).
[CrossRef]

O. Graydon, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, and L. Dong, “Triple frequency operation of an Er-doped twincore loop laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 63–65 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Nishihara, M.

S. Yamashita and M. Nishihara, “Widely erbium-doped fiber ring laser covering both C-band and L-band,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 41–43 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Poulsen, O.

Y. Shi, M. Sejka, and O. Poulsen, “A unidirectional Er-doped fiber ring laser without isolator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7, 290–292 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Samson, B. N.

Sejka, M.

Y. Shi, M. Sejka, and O. Poulsen, “A unidirectional Er-doped fiber ring laser without isolator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7, 290–292 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Selleri, S.

A. Cucinotta, S. Selleri, L. Vincetti, and M. Zoboli, “Numerical and experimental analysis of erbium-doped fiber amplifier liner cavity lasers,” Opt. Commun. 156, 264–270 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Shi, Y.

Y. Shi, M. Sejka, and O. Poulsen, “A unidirectional Er-doped fiber ring laser without isolator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7, 290–292 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Tseng, H. Y.

H. Y. Tseng, S. K. Liaw, and S. Chi, “Power-equalized parallel-type pump-shared fiber lasers based on parameter-adjustment,” Opt. Commun. 170, 229–234 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Vincetti, L.

A. Cucinotta, S. Selleri, L. Vincetti, and M. Zoboli, “Numerical and experimental analysis of erbium-doped fiber amplifier liner cavity lasers,” Opt. Commun. 156, 264–270 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yamashita, S.

S. Yamashita and M. Nishihara, “Widely erbium-doped fiber ring laser covering both C-band and L-band,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 41–43 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, C. H.

C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, C. Y. Chen, and S. Chi, “A Tunable S-Band Erbium-Doped Fiber Ring Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1053–1054 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Yeh, C.-H.

C.-H. Yeh, M.-C. Lin, and S. Chi, “Gain flattened erbium-doped amplifier with 34 nm flat bandwidth,” Electron. Lett. 42, 1086–1088 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Zoboli, M.

A. Cucinotta, S. Selleri, L. Vincetti, and M. Zoboli, “Numerical and experimental analysis of erbium-doped fiber amplifier liner cavity lasers,” Opt. Commun. 156, 264–270 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

C.-H. Yeh, M.-C. Lin, and S. Chi, “Gain flattened erbium-doped amplifier with 34 nm flat bandwidth,” Electron. Lett. 42, 1086–1088 (2006).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. (1)

S. Yamashita and M. Nishihara, “Widely erbium-doped fiber ring laser covering both C-band and L-band,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 7, 41–43 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (1)

O. Graydon, W. H. Loh, R. I. Laming, and L. Dong, “Triple frequency operation of an Er-doped twincore loop laser,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 8, 63–65 (1996).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. (2)

Y. Shi, M. Sejka, and O. Poulsen, “A unidirectional Er-doped fiber ring laser without isolator,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 7, 290–292 (1995).
[CrossRef]

C. H. Yeh, C. C. Lee, C. Y. Chen, and S. Chi, “A Tunable S-Band Erbium-Doped Fiber Ring Laser,” IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 15, 1053–1054 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (1)

Opt. Commun. (3)

A. Cucinotta, S. Selleri, L. Vincetti, and M. Zoboli, “Numerical and experimental analysis of erbium-doped fiber amplifier liner cavity lasers,” Opt. Commun. 156, 264–270 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. K. Liaw, C. C. Lee, K. P. Ho, and S. Chi, “Power equalized wavelength-selective fiber lasers using fiber Bragg gratings,” Opt. Commun. 155, 255–259 (1998).
[CrossRef]

H. Y. Tseng, S. K. Liaw, and S. Chi, “Power-equalized parallel-type pump-shared fiber lasers based on parameter-adjustment,” Opt. Commun. 170, 229–234 (1999).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (4)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Experimental setup of an erbium-based fiber laser with tunable power-equalized output.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

The ASE spectra of the EDWA, EDFA and proposed two-stage erbium-based amplifier, respectively.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Optical spectra of the ring laser while the various external voltages applied on the PZT of FFP-TF in the tuning range of 1533.3 to 1574.6 nm.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Output power and SMSR versus the tuning wavelength in this ring laser.

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