Abstract

We demonstrate an all-optical, self-synchronization scheme for optical packet switched network nodes. It provides both the packet clock signal and the packet beginning, marker pulse. The circuit uses two hybridly integrated MZI switches and has been evaluated with synchronous, asynchronous and variable length, data packets at 10 Gb/s. It is compact and requires relatively low energies to operate.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. C. Bintjas, K. Yiannopoulos, N. Pleros, G. Theophilopoulos, M. Kalyvas, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, "Clock recovery circuit for optical packets," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1363-1365 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  2. G. T. Kanellos, L. Stampoulidis, N. Pleros, T. Houbavlis, D. Tsiokos, E. Kehayas, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, "Clock and data recovery circuit for 10 Gb/s Asynchronous optical packets," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1666-1668 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  3. Y. Shimazu, and M. Tsukada, "Ultrafast photonic ATM switch with optical output buffers," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 265-272 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  4. I. Glesk, J. P. Solokoff, and P. R. Prucnal, "All-optical address recognition and self-routing in a 250 Gbit/s packet-switched network," Electron. Lett. 30, 1322-1333 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. Cotter, J. K. Lucek, M. Shabeer, K. Smith, D. C. Rogers, D. Nesset, and P. Gunning, "Self-routing of 100 Gbit/s packets using 6 bit ‘keyword’ address recognition," Electron. Lett. 31, 2201-2202 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  6. K.-L. Deng, I. Glesk, K. I. Kang, and P. R. Prucnal, "Unbalanced TOAD for optical data and clock separation in self-clocked transparent OTDM networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 830-832 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
  7. X. Huang, P. Ye, M. Zhang, and L. Wang, "A novel self-synchronization scheme for all-optical packet networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 645-647 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  8. T. J. Xia, Y.-H. Kao, Y. Liang, J. W. Lou, K. H. Ahn, O. Boyraz, G. A. Nowak, A. A. Said, and M. N. Islam, "Novel self-synchronization scheme for high-speed packet TDM networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 269-271 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  9. Z. Yongpeng, and Y. Peida, "Simple self-synchronization scheme for OTDM packet networks," in Proceedings of the 15th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS) 2002, pp. 373-374.
  10. H. J. Lee, H. G. Kim, J. Y. Choi, K. Kim, and J. Lee, "A simple packet level clock extraction scheme using a terahertz optical asymmetric demultiplexer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1310-1312, (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  11. http://www.ciphotonics.com.
  12. N. Pleros, K. Vyrsokinos, C. Bintjas, K. Yiannopoulos, K. Vlachos, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, "All-Optical Clock Recovery from short, asynchronous data packets at 10 Gb/s," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1291-1293 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  13. N. Pleros, G. T. Kanellos, C. Bintjas, A. Hatziefremidis, and H. Avramopoulos, "Optical power limiter using a saturated SOA-based interferometric switch," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2350-2352 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. Manchester, J. Anderson, B. Doshi, and S. Dravida, "IP over SONET," IEEE Com. Mag. 36, 136-142 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  15. E. Kehayas, G. T. Kanellos, L. Stampoulidis, D. Tsiokos, N. Pleros, G. Guekos, and H. Avramopoulos, "Packet-format and network-traffic transparent optical signal processing," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 2548-2556 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  16. P. Bakopoulos, D. Tsiokos, O. Zouraraki, and H. Avramopoulos, "Clock Compact all-optical packet clock and data recovery circuit using generic integrated MZI switches," Opt. Express 13, 6401 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

X. Huang, P. Ye, M. Zhang, and L. Wang, "A novel self-synchronization scheme for all-optical packet networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 645-647 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. Bakopoulos, D. Tsiokos, O. Zouraraki, and H. Avramopoulos, "Clock Compact all-optical packet clock and data recovery circuit using generic integrated MZI switches," Opt. Express 13, 6401 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2004 (2)

N. Pleros, G. T. Kanellos, C. Bintjas, A. Hatziefremidis, and H. Avramopoulos, "Optical power limiter using a saturated SOA-based interferometric switch," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2350-2352 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. Kehayas, G. T. Kanellos, L. Stampoulidis, D. Tsiokos, N. Pleros, G. Guekos, and H. Avramopoulos, "Packet-format and network-traffic transparent optical signal processing," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 2548-2556 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (2)

N. Pleros, K. Vyrsokinos, C. Bintjas, K. Yiannopoulos, K. Vlachos, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, "All-Optical Clock Recovery from short, asynchronous data packets at 10 Gb/s," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1291-1293 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. T. Kanellos, L. Stampoulidis, N. Pleros, T. Houbavlis, D. Tsiokos, E. Kehayas, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, "Clock and data recovery circuit for 10 Gb/s Asynchronous optical packets," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1666-1668 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

C. Bintjas, K. Yiannopoulos, N. Pleros, G. Theophilopoulos, M. Kalyvas, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, "Clock recovery circuit for optical packets," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1363-1365 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

T. J. Xia, Y.-H. Kao, Y. Liang, J. W. Lou, K. H. Ahn, O. Boyraz, G. A. Nowak, A. A. Said, and M. N. Islam, "Novel self-synchronization scheme for high-speed packet TDM networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 269-271 (1999).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Lee, H. G. Kim, J. Y. Choi, K. Kim, and J. Lee, "A simple packet level clock extraction scheme using a terahertz optical asymmetric demultiplexer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1310-1312, (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (1)

J. Manchester, J. Anderson, B. Doshi, and S. Dravida, "IP over SONET," IEEE Com. Mag. 36, 136-142 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

K.-L. Deng, I. Glesk, K. I. Kang, and P. R. Prucnal, "Unbalanced TOAD for optical data and clock separation in self-clocked transparent OTDM networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 830-832 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

D. Cotter, J. K. Lucek, M. Shabeer, K. Smith, D. C. Rogers, D. Nesset, and P. Gunning, "Self-routing of 100 Gbit/s packets using 6 bit ‘keyword’ address recognition," Electron. Lett. 31, 2201-2202 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

I. Glesk, J. P. Solokoff, and P. R. Prucnal, "All-optical address recognition and self-routing in a 250 Gbit/s packet-switched network," Electron. Lett. 30, 1322-1333 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

Y. Shimazu, and M. Tsukada, "Ultrafast photonic ATM switch with optical output buffers," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 265-272 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ahn, K. H.

T. J. Xia, Y.-H. Kao, Y. Liang, J. W. Lou, K. H. Ahn, O. Boyraz, G. A. Nowak, A. A. Said, and M. N. Islam, "Novel self-synchronization scheme for high-speed packet TDM networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 269-271 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Anderson, J.

J. Manchester, J. Anderson, B. Doshi, and S. Dravida, "IP over SONET," IEEE Com. Mag. 36, 136-142 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Avramopoulos, H.

P. Bakopoulos, D. Tsiokos, O. Zouraraki, and H. Avramopoulos, "Clock Compact all-optical packet clock and data recovery circuit using generic integrated MZI switches," Opt. Express 13, 6401 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Pleros, G. T. Kanellos, C. Bintjas, A. Hatziefremidis, and H. Avramopoulos, "Optical power limiter using a saturated SOA-based interferometric switch," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2350-2352 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. Kehayas, G. T. Kanellos, L. Stampoulidis, D. Tsiokos, N. Pleros, G. Guekos, and H. Avramopoulos, "Packet-format and network-traffic transparent optical signal processing," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 2548-2556 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. T. Kanellos, L. Stampoulidis, N. Pleros, T. Houbavlis, D. Tsiokos, E. Kehayas, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, "Clock and data recovery circuit for 10 Gb/s Asynchronous optical packets," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1666-1668 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Pleros, K. Vyrsokinos, C. Bintjas, K. Yiannopoulos, K. Vlachos, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, "All-Optical Clock Recovery from short, asynchronous data packets at 10 Gb/s," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1291-1293 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Bintjas, K. Yiannopoulos, N. Pleros, G. Theophilopoulos, M. Kalyvas, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, "Clock recovery circuit for optical packets," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1363-1365 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Bakopoulos, P.

Bintjas, C.

N. Pleros, G. T. Kanellos, C. Bintjas, A. Hatziefremidis, and H. Avramopoulos, "Optical power limiter using a saturated SOA-based interferometric switch," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2350-2352 (2004).
[CrossRef]

N. Pleros, K. Vyrsokinos, C. Bintjas, K. Yiannopoulos, K. Vlachos, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, "All-Optical Clock Recovery from short, asynchronous data packets at 10 Gb/s," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1291-1293 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Bintjas, K. Yiannopoulos, N. Pleros, G. Theophilopoulos, M. Kalyvas, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, "Clock recovery circuit for optical packets," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1363-1365 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Boyraz, O.

T. J. Xia, Y.-H. Kao, Y. Liang, J. W. Lou, K. H. Ahn, O. Boyraz, G. A. Nowak, A. A. Said, and M. N. Islam, "Novel self-synchronization scheme for high-speed packet TDM networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 269-271 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Choi, J. Y.

H. J. Lee, H. G. Kim, J. Y. Choi, K. Kim, and J. Lee, "A simple packet level clock extraction scheme using a terahertz optical asymmetric demultiplexer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1310-1312, (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cotter, D.

D. Cotter, J. K. Lucek, M. Shabeer, K. Smith, D. C. Rogers, D. Nesset, and P. Gunning, "Self-routing of 100 Gbit/s packets using 6 bit ‘keyword’ address recognition," Electron. Lett. 31, 2201-2202 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Deng, K.-L.

K.-L. Deng, I. Glesk, K. I. Kang, and P. R. Prucnal, "Unbalanced TOAD for optical data and clock separation in self-clocked transparent OTDM networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 830-832 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Doshi, B.

J. Manchester, J. Anderson, B. Doshi, and S. Dravida, "IP over SONET," IEEE Com. Mag. 36, 136-142 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Dravida, S.

J. Manchester, J. Anderson, B. Doshi, and S. Dravida, "IP over SONET," IEEE Com. Mag. 36, 136-142 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Glesk, I.

K.-L. Deng, I. Glesk, K. I. Kang, and P. R. Prucnal, "Unbalanced TOAD for optical data and clock separation in self-clocked transparent OTDM networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 830-832 (1997).
[CrossRef]

I. Glesk, J. P. Solokoff, and P. R. Prucnal, "All-optical address recognition and self-routing in a 250 Gbit/s packet-switched network," Electron. Lett. 30, 1322-1333 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Guekos, G.

E. Kehayas, G. T. Kanellos, L. Stampoulidis, D. Tsiokos, N. Pleros, G. Guekos, and H. Avramopoulos, "Packet-format and network-traffic transparent optical signal processing," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 2548-2556 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. T. Kanellos, L. Stampoulidis, N. Pleros, T. Houbavlis, D. Tsiokos, E. Kehayas, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, "Clock and data recovery circuit for 10 Gb/s Asynchronous optical packets," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1666-1668 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Pleros, K. Vyrsokinos, C. Bintjas, K. Yiannopoulos, K. Vlachos, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, "All-Optical Clock Recovery from short, asynchronous data packets at 10 Gb/s," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1291-1293 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Bintjas, K. Yiannopoulos, N. Pleros, G. Theophilopoulos, M. Kalyvas, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, "Clock recovery circuit for optical packets," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1363-1365 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Gunning, P.

D. Cotter, J. K. Lucek, M. Shabeer, K. Smith, D. C. Rogers, D. Nesset, and P. Gunning, "Self-routing of 100 Gbit/s packets using 6 bit ‘keyword’ address recognition," Electron. Lett. 31, 2201-2202 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Hatziefremidis, A.

N. Pleros, G. T. Kanellos, C. Bintjas, A. Hatziefremidis, and H. Avramopoulos, "Optical power limiter using a saturated SOA-based interferometric switch," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2350-2352 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Houbavlis, T.

G. T. Kanellos, L. Stampoulidis, N. Pleros, T. Houbavlis, D. Tsiokos, E. Kehayas, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, "Clock and data recovery circuit for 10 Gb/s Asynchronous optical packets," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1666-1668 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Huang, X.

X. Huang, P. Ye, M. Zhang, and L. Wang, "A novel self-synchronization scheme for all-optical packet networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 645-647 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Islam, M. N.

T. J. Xia, Y.-H. Kao, Y. Liang, J. W. Lou, K. H. Ahn, O. Boyraz, G. A. Nowak, A. A. Said, and M. N. Islam, "Novel self-synchronization scheme for high-speed packet TDM networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 269-271 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kalyvas, M.

C. Bintjas, K. Yiannopoulos, N. Pleros, G. Theophilopoulos, M. Kalyvas, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, "Clock recovery circuit for optical packets," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1363-1365 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kanellos, G. T.

N. Pleros, G. T. Kanellos, C. Bintjas, A. Hatziefremidis, and H. Avramopoulos, "Optical power limiter using a saturated SOA-based interferometric switch," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2350-2352 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. Kehayas, G. T. Kanellos, L. Stampoulidis, D. Tsiokos, N. Pleros, G. Guekos, and H. Avramopoulos, "Packet-format and network-traffic transparent optical signal processing," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 2548-2556 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. T. Kanellos, L. Stampoulidis, N. Pleros, T. Houbavlis, D. Tsiokos, E. Kehayas, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, "Clock and data recovery circuit for 10 Gb/s Asynchronous optical packets," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1666-1668 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kang, K. I.

K.-L. Deng, I. Glesk, K. I. Kang, and P. R. Prucnal, "Unbalanced TOAD for optical data and clock separation in self-clocked transparent OTDM networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 830-832 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kao, Y.-H.

T. J. Xia, Y.-H. Kao, Y. Liang, J. W. Lou, K. H. Ahn, O. Boyraz, G. A. Nowak, A. A. Said, and M. N. Islam, "Novel self-synchronization scheme for high-speed packet TDM networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 269-271 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kehayas, E.

E. Kehayas, G. T. Kanellos, L. Stampoulidis, D. Tsiokos, N. Pleros, G. Guekos, and H. Avramopoulos, "Packet-format and network-traffic transparent optical signal processing," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 2548-2556 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. T. Kanellos, L. Stampoulidis, N. Pleros, T. Houbavlis, D. Tsiokos, E. Kehayas, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, "Clock and data recovery circuit for 10 Gb/s Asynchronous optical packets," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1666-1668 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H. G.

H. J. Lee, H. G. Kim, J. Y. Choi, K. Kim, and J. Lee, "A simple packet level clock extraction scheme using a terahertz optical asymmetric demultiplexer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1310-1312, (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kim, K.

H. J. Lee, H. G. Kim, J. Y. Choi, K. Kim, and J. Lee, "A simple packet level clock extraction scheme using a terahertz optical asymmetric demultiplexer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1310-1312, (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lee, H. J.

H. J. Lee, H. G. Kim, J. Y. Choi, K. Kim, and J. Lee, "A simple packet level clock extraction scheme using a terahertz optical asymmetric demultiplexer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1310-1312, (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lee, J.

H. J. Lee, H. G. Kim, J. Y. Choi, K. Kim, and J. Lee, "A simple packet level clock extraction scheme using a terahertz optical asymmetric demultiplexer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1310-1312, (1999).
[CrossRef]

Liang, Y.

T. J. Xia, Y.-H. Kao, Y. Liang, J. W. Lou, K. H. Ahn, O. Boyraz, G. A. Nowak, A. A. Said, and M. N. Islam, "Novel self-synchronization scheme for high-speed packet TDM networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 269-271 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lou, J. W.

T. J. Xia, Y.-H. Kao, Y. Liang, J. W. Lou, K. H. Ahn, O. Boyraz, G. A. Nowak, A. A. Said, and M. N. Islam, "Novel self-synchronization scheme for high-speed packet TDM networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 269-271 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lucek, J. K.

D. Cotter, J. K. Lucek, M. Shabeer, K. Smith, D. C. Rogers, D. Nesset, and P. Gunning, "Self-routing of 100 Gbit/s packets using 6 bit ‘keyword’ address recognition," Electron. Lett. 31, 2201-2202 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Manchester, J.

J. Manchester, J. Anderson, B. Doshi, and S. Dravida, "IP over SONET," IEEE Com. Mag. 36, 136-142 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nesset, D.

D. Cotter, J. K. Lucek, M. Shabeer, K. Smith, D. C. Rogers, D. Nesset, and P. Gunning, "Self-routing of 100 Gbit/s packets using 6 bit ‘keyword’ address recognition," Electron. Lett. 31, 2201-2202 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Nowak, G. A.

T. J. Xia, Y.-H. Kao, Y. Liang, J. W. Lou, K. H. Ahn, O. Boyraz, G. A. Nowak, A. A. Said, and M. N. Islam, "Novel self-synchronization scheme for high-speed packet TDM networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 269-271 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Pleros, N.

N. Pleros, G. T. Kanellos, C. Bintjas, A. Hatziefremidis, and H. Avramopoulos, "Optical power limiter using a saturated SOA-based interferometric switch," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2350-2352 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. Kehayas, G. T. Kanellos, L. Stampoulidis, D. Tsiokos, N. Pleros, G. Guekos, and H. Avramopoulos, "Packet-format and network-traffic transparent optical signal processing," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 2548-2556 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. T. Kanellos, L. Stampoulidis, N. Pleros, T. Houbavlis, D. Tsiokos, E. Kehayas, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, "Clock and data recovery circuit for 10 Gb/s Asynchronous optical packets," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1666-1668 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Pleros, K. Vyrsokinos, C. Bintjas, K. Yiannopoulos, K. Vlachos, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, "All-Optical Clock Recovery from short, asynchronous data packets at 10 Gb/s," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1291-1293 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Bintjas, K. Yiannopoulos, N. Pleros, G. Theophilopoulos, M. Kalyvas, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, "Clock recovery circuit for optical packets," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1363-1365 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Prucnal, P. R.

K.-L. Deng, I. Glesk, K. I. Kang, and P. R. Prucnal, "Unbalanced TOAD for optical data and clock separation in self-clocked transparent OTDM networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 830-832 (1997).
[CrossRef]

I. Glesk, J. P. Solokoff, and P. R. Prucnal, "All-optical address recognition and self-routing in a 250 Gbit/s packet-switched network," Electron. Lett. 30, 1322-1333 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Rogers, D. C.

D. Cotter, J. K. Lucek, M. Shabeer, K. Smith, D. C. Rogers, D. Nesset, and P. Gunning, "Self-routing of 100 Gbit/s packets using 6 bit ‘keyword’ address recognition," Electron. Lett. 31, 2201-2202 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Said, A. A.

T. J. Xia, Y.-H. Kao, Y. Liang, J. W. Lou, K. H. Ahn, O. Boyraz, G. A. Nowak, A. A. Said, and M. N. Islam, "Novel self-synchronization scheme for high-speed packet TDM networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 269-271 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shabeer, M.

D. Cotter, J. K. Lucek, M. Shabeer, K. Smith, D. C. Rogers, D. Nesset, and P. Gunning, "Self-routing of 100 Gbit/s packets using 6 bit ‘keyword’ address recognition," Electron. Lett. 31, 2201-2202 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Shimazu, Y.

Y. Shimazu, and M. Tsukada, "Ultrafast photonic ATM switch with optical output buffers," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 265-272 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Smith, K.

D. Cotter, J. K. Lucek, M. Shabeer, K. Smith, D. C. Rogers, D. Nesset, and P. Gunning, "Self-routing of 100 Gbit/s packets using 6 bit ‘keyword’ address recognition," Electron. Lett. 31, 2201-2202 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Solokoff, J. P.

I. Glesk, J. P. Solokoff, and P. R. Prucnal, "All-optical address recognition and self-routing in a 250 Gbit/s packet-switched network," Electron. Lett. 30, 1322-1333 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Stampoulidis, L.

E. Kehayas, G. T. Kanellos, L. Stampoulidis, D. Tsiokos, N. Pleros, G. Guekos, and H. Avramopoulos, "Packet-format and network-traffic transparent optical signal processing," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 2548-2556 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. T. Kanellos, L. Stampoulidis, N. Pleros, T. Houbavlis, D. Tsiokos, E. Kehayas, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, "Clock and data recovery circuit for 10 Gb/s Asynchronous optical packets," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1666-1668 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Theophilopoulos, G.

C. Bintjas, K. Yiannopoulos, N. Pleros, G. Theophilopoulos, M. Kalyvas, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, "Clock recovery circuit for optical packets," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1363-1365 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tsiokos, D.

P. Bakopoulos, D. Tsiokos, O. Zouraraki, and H. Avramopoulos, "Clock Compact all-optical packet clock and data recovery circuit using generic integrated MZI switches," Opt. Express 13, 6401 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. Kehayas, G. T. Kanellos, L. Stampoulidis, D. Tsiokos, N. Pleros, G. Guekos, and H. Avramopoulos, "Packet-format and network-traffic transparent optical signal processing," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 2548-2556 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. T. Kanellos, L. Stampoulidis, N. Pleros, T. Houbavlis, D. Tsiokos, E. Kehayas, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, "Clock and data recovery circuit for 10 Gb/s Asynchronous optical packets," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1666-1668 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tsukada, M.

Y. Shimazu, and M. Tsukada, "Ultrafast photonic ATM switch with optical output buffers," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 265-272 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Vlachos, K.

N. Pleros, K. Vyrsokinos, C. Bintjas, K. Yiannopoulos, K. Vlachos, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, "All-Optical Clock Recovery from short, asynchronous data packets at 10 Gb/s," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1291-1293 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Vyrsokinos, K.

N. Pleros, K. Vyrsokinos, C. Bintjas, K. Yiannopoulos, K. Vlachos, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, "All-Optical Clock Recovery from short, asynchronous data packets at 10 Gb/s," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1291-1293 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wang, L.

X. Huang, P. Ye, M. Zhang, and L. Wang, "A novel self-synchronization scheme for all-optical packet networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 645-647 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Xia, T. J.

T. J. Xia, Y.-H. Kao, Y. Liang, J. W. Lou, K. H. Ahn, O. Boyraz, G. A. Nowak, A. A. Said, and M. N. Islam, "Novel self-synchronization scheme for high-speed packet TDM networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 269-271 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Ye, P.

X. Huang, P. Ye, M. Zhang, and L. Wang, "A novel self-synchronization scheme for all-optical packet networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 645-647 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Yiannopoulos, K.

N. Pleros, K. Vyrsokinos, C. Bintjas, K. Yiannopoulos, K. Vlachos, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, "All-Optical Clock Recovery from short, asynchronous data packets at 10 Gb/s," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1291-1293 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Bintjas, K. Yiannopoulos, N. Pleros, G. Theophilopoulos, M. Kalyvas, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, "Clock recovery circuit for optical packets," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1363-1365 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, M.

X. Huang, P. Ye, M. Zhang, and L. Wang, "A novel self-synchronization scheme for all-optical packet networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 645-647 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Zouraraki, O.

Electron. Lett. (2)

I. Glesk, J. P. Solokoff, and P. R. Prucnal, "All-optical address recognition and self-routing in a 250 Gbit/s packet-switched network," Electron. Lett. 30, 1322-1333 (1994).
[CrossRef]

D. Cotter, J. K. Lucek, M. Shabeer, K. Smith, D. C. Rogers, D. Nesset, and P. Gunning, "Self-routing of 100 Gbit/s packets using 6 bit ‘keyword’ address recognition," Electron. Lett. 31, 2201-2202 (1995).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Com. Mag. (1)

J. Manchester, J. Anderson, B. Doshi, and S. Dravida, "IP over SONET," IEEE Com. Mag. 36, 136-142 (1998).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

E. Kehayas, G. T. Kanellos, L. Stampoulidis, D. Tsiokos, N. Pleros, G. Guekos, and H. Avramopoulos, "Packet-format and network-traffic transparent optical signal processing," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 2548-2556 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Y. Shimazu, and M. Tsukada, "Ultrafast photonic ATM switch with optical output buffers," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 10, 265-272 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (8)

N. Pleros, K. Vyrsokinos, C. Bintjas, K. Yiannopoulos, K. Vlachos, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, "All-Optical Clock Recovery from short, asynchronous data packets at 10 Gb/s," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1291-1293 (2003).
[CrossRef]

N. Pleros, G. T. Kanellos, C. Bintjas, A. Hatziefremidis, and H. Avramopoulos, "Optical power limiter using a saturated SOA-based interferometric switch," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2350-2352 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K.-L. Deng, I. Glesk, K. I. Kang, and P. R. Prucnal, "Unbalanced TOAD for optical data and clock separation in self-clocked transparent OTDM networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 9, 830-832 (1997).
[CrossRef]

X. Huang, P. Ye, M. Zhang, and L. Wang, "A novel self-synchronization scheme for all-optical packet networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 645-647 (2005).
[CrossRef]

T. J. Xia, Y.-H. Kao, Y. Liang, J. W. Lou, K. H. Ahn, O. Boyraz, G. A. Nowak, A. A. Said, and M. N. Islam, "Novel self-synchronization scheme for high-speed packet TDM networks," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 269-271 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C. Bintjas, K. Yiannopoulos, N. Pleros, G. Theophilopoulos, M. Kalyvas, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, "Clock recovery circuit for optical packets," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 14, 1363-1365 (2002).
[CrossRef]

G. T. Kanellos, L. Stampoulidis, N. Pleros, T. Houbavlis, D. Tsiokos, E. Kehayas, H. Avramopoulos, and G. Guekos, "Clock and data recovery circuit for 10 Gb/s Asynchronous optical packets," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1666-1668 (2003).
[CrossRef]

H. J. Lee, H. G. Kim, J. Y. Choi, K. Kim, and J. Lee, "A simple packet level clock extraction scheme using a terahertz optical asymmetric demultiplexer," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 11, 1310-1312, (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Other (2)

http://www.ciphotonics.com.

Z. Yongpeng, and Y. Peida, "Simple self-synchronization scheme for OTDM packet networks," in Proceedings of the 15th Annual Meeting of the IEEE Lasers and Electro-Optics Society (LEOS) 2002, pp. 373-374.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Schematic of synchronization for first pulse extraction in 2nd MZI

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental Set-up

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Oscilloscope traces. Left column: synchronous operation (time scale 500 ps/div), right column: asynchronous operation (time scale 2.5 ns/div). (a): input data packets, (b): recovered clock packets, (c): packet-rate synchronization pulse stream and (d): eye diagrams (time scale 10 ps/div).

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