Abstract

Upconversion spectra of Er/Tm codoped NaY(WO4)2 crystal excited by 974nm laser is investigated. Intensive 520nm/550nm and 800nm emissions are observed. Three-photon process at high pumping power is presented in the green upconversion. A model is proposed that the three-photon process is actualized by the energy indirect sensitization between two Er3+ ions and one Tm3+ ion, via excited state absorption and two cross relaxations. Two Er3+ ions totally absorb three 974nm photons, emitting one green photon, and Tm3+ ion plays the role of temporary energy storage in this process.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. S. X. Shen, B. Richards, and A. Jha, “Enhancement in pump inversion efficiency at 980 nm in Er3+, Er3+/Eu3+ and Er3+/Ce3+ doped tellurite glass fibers,” Opt. Express 14, 5050–5054 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. G. C. Jones and S. N. Houde-Walter, “Upconversion mechanisms in an erbium-doped transparent glass ceramic,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 825–830 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. F. Suyver, A. Aebischer, S. García-Revilla, P. Gerner, and H.U. Gudel, “Anomalous power dependence of sensitized upconversion luminescence,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 125123 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  4. F. Song, H. Tan, M. R. Shang, G. Y. Zhang, Z. X. Cheng, and H. C. Chen, “Spectra characteristics of Er3+ doped NaY(WO4)2 crystal,” Acta. Phys. Sin.-CH ED 51, 2375–2379 (2002).
  5. H. W. Song, B. J. Sun, T. Wang, S. Z. Lu, L. M. Yang, B. J. Chen, X. J. Wang, and X. G. Kong, “Three-photon upconversion luminescence phenomenon for the green levels in Er3+/Yb3+ codoped cubic nanocrystalline yttria,” Solid State Commun. 132, 409–413 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  6. G. S. Qin, W. P. Qin, C. F. Wu, D. Zhao, J. S. Zhang, S. Z. Lu, S. H. Huang, and W. Xu, “Infrared-to-visible upconversion luminescence of Er3+ and Yb3+ co-doped germanate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 347, 52–55 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  7. F. Song, G. Y. Zhang, M. R. Shang, H. Tan, J. Yang, and F. Z. Meng, “Three-photon phenomena in the upconversion luminescence of erbium-ytterbium-codoped phosphate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1748–1750 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. Reisfeld and C. K. Jorgensen, in Lasers and Excited States of Rare Earths. (Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, New York, 1977).
    [CrossRef]
  9. E. F. Chillcce, E. Rodriguez, A. A. R. Neves, W. C. Moreira, C. L. César, and L. C. Barbosa, “Er3+-Tm3+ co-doped tellurite fibers for broadband optical fiber amplifier around 1550 nm band,” Opt. Fiber Tech. 12, 185–195 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  10. X. Shen, Q. H. Nie, T. F. Xu, T. Peng, and Y. Gao, “Green and red upconversion emission and energy-transfer between Er3+ and Tm3+ ions in tellurite glasses,” Phys. Lett. A 332, 101–106 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  11. F. Song, J. Su, H. Tan, L. Han, B. Fu, J. Tian, G. Zhang, Z. Cheng, and H. Chen, “The energy transfer processes between the Er3+ and Tm3+ in Er, Tm-codoped-NaY(WO4)2 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 241, 455–463 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  12. J. P. Jouart, M. Bouffard, T. Duvaut, and N. M. Khaidukov, “Photon avalanche upconversion in LiKYF5 crystals doubly doped with Tm3+ and Er3+,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 366, 62–66 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  13. I. R. Martin, J. Mendez-Ramos, V. D. Rodriguez, J. J. Romero, and J. Garcia-Sole, “Increase of the 800 nm excited Tm3+ blue upconversion emission in fluoroindate glasses by codoping with Yb3+ ions,” Opt. Mater. 22, 327–333 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  14. B. R. Judd, “Intensities of crystal spectra of rare-earth ions,” Phys. Rev. 127, 750–761 (1962).
    [CrossRef]
  15. G. S. Ofelt, “Optical absorption intensities of rare-earth ions,” J. Chem. Phys. 37, 511–520 (1962).
    [CrossRef]
  16. A. A. Kaminskii, in Laser Crystals: their physics and properties. (Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, New York, 1981).

2006 (2)

E. F. Chillcce, E. Rodriguez, A. A. R. Neves, W. C. Moreira, C. L. César, and L. C. Barbosa, “Er3+-Tm3+ co-doped tellurite fibers for broadband optical fiber amplifier around 1550 nm band,” Opt. Fiber Tech. 12, 185–195 (2006).
[CrossRef]

S. X. Shen, B. Richards, and A. Jha, “Enhancement in pump inversion efficiency at 980 nm in Er3+, Er3+/Eu3+ and Er3+/Ce3+ doped tellurite glass fibers,” Opt. Express 14, 5050–5054 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005 (2)

G. C. Jones and S. N. Houde-Walter, “Upconversion mechanisms in an erbium-doped transparent glass ceramic,” J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 825–830 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. F. Suyver, A. Aebischer, S. García-Revilla, P. Gerner, and H.U. Gudel, “Anomalous power dependence of sensitized upconversion luminescence,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 125123 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (4)

H. W. Song, B. J. Sun, T. Wang, S. Z. Lu, L. M. Yang, B. J. Chen, X. J. Wang, and X. G. Kong, “Three-photon upconversion luminescence phenomenon for the green levels in Er3+/Yb3+ codoped cubic nanocrystalline yttria,” Solid State Commun. 132, 409–413 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. S. Qin, W. P. Qin, C. F. Wu, D. Zhao, J. S. Zhang, S. Z. Lu, S. H. Huang, and W. Xu, “Infrared-to-visible upconversion luminescence of Er3+ and Yb3+ co-doped germanate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 347, 52–55 (2004).
[CrossRef]

X. Shen, Q. H. Nie, T. F. Xu, T. Peng, and Y. Gao, “Green and red upconversion emission and energy-transfer between Er3+ and Tm3+ ions in tellurite glasses,” Phys. Lett. A 332, 101–106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Song, J. Su, H. Tan, L. Han, B. Fu, J. Tian, G. Zhang, Z. Cheng, and H. Chen, “The energy transfer processes between the Er3+ and Tm3+ in Er, Tm-codoped-NaY(WO4)2 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 241, 455–463 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

I. R. Martin, J. Mendez-Ramos, V. D. Rodriguez, J. J. Romero, and J. Garcia-Sole, “Increase of the 800 nm excited Tm3+ blue upconversion emission in fluoroindate glasses by codoping with Yb3+ ions,” Opt. Mater. 22, 327–333 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

J. P. Jouart, M. Bouffard, T. Duvaut, and N. M. Khaidukov, “Photon avalanche upconversion in LiKYF5 crystals doubly doped with Tm3+ and Er3+,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 366, 62–66 (2002).
[CrossRef]

F. Song, H. Tan, M. R. Shang, G. Y. Zhang, Z. X. Cheng, and H. C. Chen, “Spectra characteristics of Er3+ doped NaY(WO4)2 crystal,” Acta. Phys. Sin.-CH ED 51, 2375–2379 (2002).

2001 (1)

F. Song, G. Y. Zhang, M. R. Shang, H. Tan, J. Yang, and F. Z. Meng, “Three-photon phenomena in the upconversion luminescence of erbium-ytterbium-codoped phosphate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1748–1750 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1962 (2)

B. R. Judd, “Intensities of crystal spectra of rare-earth ions,” Phys. Rev. 127, 750–761 (1962).
[CrossRef]

G. S. Ofelt, “Optical absorption intensities of rare-earth ions,” J. Chem. Phys. 37, 511–520 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Aebischer, A.

J. F. Suyver, A. Aebischer, S. García-Revilla, P. Gerner, and H.U. Gudel, “Anomalous power dependence of sensitized upconversion luminescence,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 125123 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Barbosa, L. C.

E. F. Chillcce, E. Rodriguez, A. A. R. Neves, W. C. Moreira, C. L. César, and L. C. Barbosa, “Er3+-Tm3+ co-doped tellurite fibers for broadband optical fiber amplifier around 1550 nm band,” Opt. Fiber Tech. 12, 185–195 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Bouffard, M.

J. P. Jouart, M. Bouffard, T. Duvaut, and N. M. Khaidukov, “Photon avalanche upconversion in LiKYF5 crystals doubly doped with Tm3+ and Er3+,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 366, 62–66 (2002).
[CrossRef]

César, C. L.

E. F. Chillcce, E. Rodriguez, A. A. R. Neves, W. C. Moreira, C. L. César, and L. C. Barbosa, “Er3+-Tm3+ co-doped tellurite fibers for broadband optical fiber amplifier around 1550 nm band,” Opt. Fiber Tech. 12, 185–195 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Chen, B. J.

H. W. Song, B. J. Sun, T. Wang, S. Z. Lu, L. M. Yang, B. J. Chen, X. J. Wang, and X. G. Kong, “Three-photon upconversion luminescence phenomenon for the green levels in Er3+/Yb3+ codoped cubic nanocrystalline yttria,” Solid State Commun. 132, 409–413 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H.

F. Song, J. Su, H. Tan, L. Han, B. Fu, J. Tian, G. Zhang, Z. Cheng, and H. Chen, “The energy transfer processes between the Er3+ and Tm3+ in Er, Tm-codoped-NaY(WO4)2 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 241, 455–463 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chen, H. C.

F. Song, H. Tan, M. R. Shang, G. Y. Zhang, Z. X. Cheng, and H. C. Chen, “Spectra characteristics of Er3+ doped NaY(WO4)2 crystal,” Acta. Phys. Sin.-CH ED 51, 2375–2379 (2002).

Cheng, Z.

F. Song, J. Su, H. Tan, L. Han, B. Fu, J. Tian, G. Zhang, Z. Cheng, and H. Chen, “The energy transfer processes between the Er3+ and Tm3+ in Er, Tm-codoped-NaY(WO4)2 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 241, 455–463 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cheng, Z. X.

F. Song, H. Tan, M. R. Shang, G. Y. Zhang, Z. X. Cheng, and H. C. Chen, “Spectra characteristics of Er3+ doped NaY(WO4)2 crystal,” Acta. Phys. Sin.-CH ED 51, 2375–2379 (2002).

Chillcce, E. F.

E. F. Chillcce, E. Rodriguez, A. A. R. Neves, W. C. Moreira, C. L. César, and L. C. Barbosa, “Er3+-Tm3+ co-doped tellurite fibers for broadband optical fiber amplifier around 1550 nm band,” Opt. Fiber Tech. 12, 185–195 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Duvaut, T.

J. P. Jouart, M. Bouffard, T. Duvaut, and N. M. Khaidukov, “Photon avalanche upconversion in LiKYF5 crystals doubly doped with Tm3+ and Er3+,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 366, 62–66 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Fu, B.

F. Song, J. Su, H. Tan, L. Han, B. Fu, J. Tian, G. Zhang, Z. Cheng, and H. Chen, “The energy transfer processes between the Er3+ and Tm3+ in Er, Tm-codoped-NaY(WO4)2 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 241, 455–463 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gao, Y.

X. Shen, Q. H. Nie, T. F. Xu, T. Peng, and Y. Gao, “Green and red upconversion emission and energy-transfer between Er3+ and Tm3+ ions in tellurite glasses,” Phys. Lett. A 332, 101–106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

García-Revilla, S.

J. F. Suyver, A. Aebischer, S. García-Revilla, P. Gerner, and H.U. Gudel, “Anomalous power dependence of sensitized upconversion luminescence,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 125123 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Garcia-Sole, J.

I. R. Martin, J. Mendez-Ramos, V. D. Rodriguez, J. J. Romero, and J. Garcia-Sole, “Increase of the 800 nm excited Tm3+ blue upconversion emission in fluoroindate glasses by codoping with Yb3+ ions,” Opt. Mater. 22, 327–333 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gerner, P.

J. F. Suyver, A. Aebischer, S. García-Revilla, P. Gerner, and H.U. Gudel, “Anomalous power dependence of sensitized upconversion luminescence,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 125123 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gudel, H.U.

J. F. Suyver, A. Aebischer, S. García-Revilla, P. Gerner, and H.U. Gudel, “Anomalous power dependence of sensitized upconversion luminescence,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 125123 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Han, L.

F. Song, J. Su, H. Tan, L. Han, B. Fu, J. Tian, G. Zhang, Z. Cheng, and H. Chen, “The energy transfer processes between the Er3+ and Tm3+ in Er, Tm-codoped-NaY(WO4)2 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 241, 455–463 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Houde-Walter, S. N.

Huang, S. H.

G. S. Qin, W. P. Qin, C. F. Wu, D. Zhao, J. S. Zhang, S. Z. Lu, S. H. Huang, and W. Xu, “Infrared-to-visible upconversion luminescence of Er3+ and Yb3+ co-doped germanate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 347, 52–55 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jha, A.

Jones, G. C.

Jorgensen, C. K.

R. Reisfeld and C. K. Jorgensen, in Lasers and Excited States of Rare Earths. (Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, New York, 1977).
[CrossRef]

Jouart, J. P.

J. P. Jouart, M. Bouffard, T. Duvaut, and N. M. Khaidukov, “Photon avalanche upconversion in LiKYF5 crystals doubly doped with Tm3+ and Er3+,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 366, 62–66 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Judd, B. R.

B. R. Judd, “Intensities of crystal spectra of rare-earth ions,” Phys. Rev. 127, 750–761 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Kaminskii, A. A.

A. A. Kaminskii, in Laser Crystals: their physics and properties. (Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, New York, 1981).

Khaidukov, N. M.

J. P. Jouart, M. Bouffard, T. Duvaut, and N. M. Khaidukov, “Photon avalanche upconversion in LiKYF5 crystals doubly doped with Tm3+ and Er3+,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 366, 62–66 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kong, X. G.

H. W. Song, B. J. Sun, T. Wang, S. Z. Lu, L. M. Yang, B. J. Chen, X. J. Wang, and X. G. Kong, “Three-photon upconversion luminescence phenomenon for the green levels in Er3+/Yb3+ codoped cubic nanocrystalline yttria,” Solid State Commun. 132, 409–413 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Lu, S. Z.

H. W. Song, B. J. Sun, T. Wang, S. Z. Lu, L. M. Yang, B. J. Chen, X. J. Wang, and X. G. Kong, “Three-photon upconversion luminescence phenomenon for the green levels in Er3+/Yb3+ codoped cubic nanocrystalline yttria,” Solid State Commun. 132, 409–413 (2004).
[CrossRef]

G. S. Qin, W. P. Qin, C. F. Wu, D. Zhao, J. S. Zhang, S. Z. Lu, S. H. Huang, and W. Xu, “Infrared-to-visible upconversion luminescence of Er3+ and Yb3+ co-doped germanate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 347, 52–55 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Martin, I. R.

I. R. Martin, J. Mendez-Ramos, V. D. Rodriguez, J. J. Romero, and J. Garcia-Sole, “Increase of the 800 nm excited Tm3+ blue upconversion emission in fluoroindate glasses by codoping with Yb3+ ions,” Opt. Mater. 22, 327–333 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Mendez-Ramos, J.

I. R. Martin, J. Mendez-Ramos, V. D. Rodriguez, J. J. Romero, and J. Garcia-Sole, “Increase of the 800 nm excited Tm3+ blue upconversion emission in fluoroindate glasses by codoping with Yb3+ ions,” Opt. Mater. 22, 327–333 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Meng, F. Z.

F. Song, G. Y. Zhang, M. R. Shang, H. Tan, J. Yang, and F. Z. Meng, “Three-photon phenomena in the upconversion luminescence of erbium-ytterbium-codoped phosphate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1748–1750 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Moreira, W. C.

E. F. Chillcce, E. Rodriguez, A. A. R. Neves, W. C. Moreira, C. L. César, and L. C. Barbosa, “Er3+-Tm3+ co-doped tellurite fibers for broadband optical fiber amplifier around 1550 nm band,” Opt. Fiber Tech. 12, 185–195 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Neves, A. A. R.

E. F. Chillcce, E. Rodriguez, A. A. R. Neves, W. C. Moreira, C. L. César, and L. C. Barbosa, “Er3+-Tm3+ co-doped tellurite fibers for broadband optical fiber amplifier around 1550 nm band,” Opt. Fiber Tech. 12, 185–195 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Nie, Q. H.

X. Shen, Q. H. Nie, T. F. Xu, T. Peng, and Y. Gao, “Green and red upconversion emission and energy-transfer between Er3+ and Tm3+ ions in tellurite glasses,” Phys. Lett. A 332, 101–106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ofelt, G. S.

G. S. Ofelt, “Optical absorption intensities of rare-earth ions,” J. Chem. Phys. 37, 511–520 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Peng, T.

X. Shen, Q. H. Nie, T. F. Xu, T. Peng, and Y. Gao, “Green and red upconversion emission and energy-transfer between Er3+ and Tm3+ ions in tellurite glasses,” Phys. Lett. A 332, 101–106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Qin, G. S.

G. S. Qin, W. P. Qin, C. F. Wu, D. Zhao, J. S. Zhang, S. Z. Lu, S. H. Huang, and W. Xu, “Infrared-to-visible upconversion luminescence of Er3+ and Yb3+ co-doped germanate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 347, 52–55 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Qin, W. P.

G. S. Qin, W. P. Qin, C. F. Wu, D. Zhao, J. S. Zhang, S. Z. Lu, S. H. Huang, and W. Xu, “Infrared-to-visible upconversion luminescence of Er3+ and Yb3+ co-doped germanate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 347, 52–55 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Reisfeld, R.

R. Reisfeld and C. K. Jorgensen, in Lasers and Excited States of Rare Earths. (Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, New York, 1977).
[CrossRef]

Richards, B.

Rodriguez, E.

E. F. Chillcce, E. Rodriguez, A. A. R. Neves, W. C. Moreira, C. L. César, and L. C. Barbosa, “Er3+-Tm3+ co-doped tellurite fibers for broadband optical fiber amplifier around 1550 nm band,” Opt. Fiber Tech. 12, 185–195 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Rodriguez, V. D.

I. R. Martin, J. Mendez-Ramos, V. D. Rodriguez, J. J. Romero, and J. Garcia-Sole, “Increase of the 800 nm excited Tm3+ blue upconversion emission in fluoroindate glasses by codoping with Yb3+ ions,” Opt. Mater. 22, 327–333 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Romero, J. J.

I. R. Martin, J. Mendez-Ramos, V. D. Rodriguez, J. J. Romero, and J. Garcia-Sole, “Increase of the 800 nm excited Tm3+ blue upconversion emission in fluoroindate glasses by codoping with Yb3+ ions,” Opt. Mater. 22, 327–333 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shang, M. R.

F. Song, H. Tan, M. R. Shang, G. Y. Zhang, Z. X. Cheng, and H. C. Chen, “Spectra characteristics of Er3+ doped NaY(WO4)2 crystal,” Acta. Phys. Sin.-CH ED 51, 2375–2379 (2002).

F. Song, G. Y. Zhang, M. R. Shang, H. Tan, J. Yang, and F. Z. Meng, “Three-photon phenomena in the upconversion luminescence of erbium-ytterbium-codoped phosphate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1748–1750 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shen, S. X.

Shen, X.

X. Shen, Q. H. Nie, T. F. Xu, T. Peng, and Y. Gao, “Green and red upconversion emission and energy-transfer between Er3+ and Tm3+ ions in tellurite glasses,” Phys. Lett. A 332, 101–106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Song, F.

F. Song, J. Su, H. Tan, L. Han, B. Fu, J. Tian, G. Zhang, Z. Cheng, and H. Chen, “The energy transfer processes between the Er3+ and Tm3+ in Er, Tm-codoped-NaY(WO4)2 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 241, 455–463 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Song, H. Tan, M. R. Shang, G. Y. Zhang, Z. X. Cheng, and H. C. Chen, “Spectra characteristics of Er3+ doped NaY(WO4)2 crystal,” Acta. Phys. Sin.-CH ED 51, 2375–2379 (2002).

F. Song, G. Y. Zhang, M. R. Shang, H. Tan, J. Yang, and F. Z. Meng, “Three-photon phenomena in the upconversion luminescence of erbium-ytterbium-codoped phosphate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1748–1750 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Song, H. W.

H. W. Song, B. J. Sun, T. Wang, S. Z. Lu, L. M. Yang, B. J. Chen, X. J. Wang, and X. G. Kong, “Three-photon upconversion luminescence phenomenon for the green levels in Er3+/Yb3+ codoped cubic nanocrystalline yttria,” Solid State Commun. 132, 409–413 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Su, J.

F. Song, J. Su, H. Tan, L. Han, B. Fu, J. Tian, G. Zhang, Z. Cheng, and H. Chen, “The energy transfer processes between the Er3+ and Tm3+ in Er, Tm-codoped-NaY(WO4)2 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 241, 455–463 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Sun, B. J.

H. W. Song, B. J. Sun, T. Wang, S. Z. Lu, L. M. Yang, B. J. Chen, X. J. Wang, and X. G. Kong, “Three-photon upconversion luminescence phenomenon for the green levels in Er3+/Yb3+ codoped cubic nanocrystalline yttria,” Solid State Commun. 132, 409–413 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Suyver, J. F.

J. F. Suyver, A. Aebischer, S. García-Revilla, P. Gerner, and H.U. Gudel, “Anomalous power dependence of sensitized upconversion luminescence,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 125123 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Tan, H.

F. Song, J. Su, H. Tan, L. Han, B. Fu, J. Tian, G. Zhang, Z. Cheng, and H. Chen, “The energy transfer processes between the Er3+ and Tm3+ in Er, Tm-codoped-NaY(WO4)2 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 241, 455–463 (2004).
[CrossRef]

F. Song, H. Tan, M. R. Shang, G. Y. Zhang, Z. X. Cheng, and H. C. Chen, “Spectra characteristics of Er3+ doped NaY(WO4)2 crystal,” Acta. Phys. Sin.-CH ED 51, 2375–2379 (2002).

F. Song, G. Y. Zhang, M. R. Shang, H. Tan, J. Yang, and F. Z. Meng, “Three-photon phenomena in the upconversion luminescence of erbium-ytterbium-codoped phosphate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1748–1750 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tian, J.

F. Song, J. Su, H. Tan, L. Han, B. Fu, J. Tian, G. Zhang, Z. Cheng, and H. Chen, “The energy transfer processes between the Er3+ and Tm3+ in Er, Tm-codoped-NaY(WO4)2 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 241, 455–463 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wang, T.

H. W. Song, B. J. Sun, T. Wang, S. Z. Lu, L. M. Yang, B. J. Chen, X. J. Wang, and X. G. Kong, “Three-photon upconversion luminescence phenomenon for the green levels in Er3+/Yb3+ codoped cubic nanocrystalline yttria,” Solid State Commun. 132, 409–413 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wang, X. J.

H. W. Song, B. J. Sun, T. Wang, S. Z. Lu, L. M. Yang, B. J. Chen, X. J. Wang, and X. G. Kong, “Three-photon upconversion luminescence phenomenon for the green levels in Er3+/Yb3+ codoped cubic nanocrystalline yttria,” Solid State Commun. 132, 409–413 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wu, C. F.

G. S. Qin, W. P. Qin, C. F. Wu, D. Zhao, J. S. Zhang, S. Z. Lu, S. H. Huang, and W. Xu, “Infrared-to-visible upconversion luminescence of Er3+ and Yb3+ co-doped germanate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 347, 52–55 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Xu, T. F.

X. Shen, Q. H. Nie, T. F. Xu, T. Peng, and Y. Gao, “Green and red upconversion emission and energy-transfer between Er3+ and Tm3+ ions in tellurite glasses,” Phys. Lett. A 332, 101–106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Xu, W.

G. S. Qin, W. P. Qin, C. F. Wu, D. Zhao, J. S. Zhang, S. Z. Lu, S. H. Huang, and W. Xu, “Infrared-to-visible upconversion luminescence of Er3+ and Yb3+ co-doped germanate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 347, 52–55 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yang, J.

F. Song, G. Y. Zhang, M. R. Shang, H. Tan, J. Yang, and F. Z. Meng, “Three-photon phenomena in the upconversion luminescence of erbium-ytterbium-codoped phosphate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1748–1750 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yang, L. M.

H. W. Song, B. J. Sun, T. Wang, S. Z. Lu, L. M. Yang, B. J. Chen, X. J. Wang, and X. G. Kong, “Three-photon upconversion luminescence phenomenon for the green levels in Er3+/Yb3+ codoped cubic nanocrystalline yttria,” Solid State Commun. 132, 409–413 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, G.

F. Song, J. Su, H. Tan, L. Han, B. Fu, J. Tian, G. Zhang, Z. Cheng, and H. Chen, “The energy transfer processes between the Er3+ and Tm3+ in Er, Tm-codoped-NaY(WO4)2 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 241, 455–463 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, G. Y.

F. Song, H. Tan, M. R. Shang, G. Y. Zhang, Z. X. Cheng, and H. C. Chen, “Spectra characteristics of Er3+ doped NaY(WO4)2 crystal,” Acta. Phys. Sin.-CH ED 51, 2375–2379 (2002).

F. Song, G. Y. Zhang, M. R. Shang, H. Tan, J. Yang, and F. Z. Meng, “Three-photon phenomena in the upconversion luminescence of erbium-ytterbium-codoped phosphate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1748–1750 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, J. S.

G. S. Qin, W. P. Qin, C. F. Wu, D. Zhao, J. S. Zhang, S. Z. Lu, S. H. Huang, and W. Xu, “Infrared-to-visible upconversion luminescence of Er3+ and Yb3+ co-doped germanate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 347, 52–55 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, D.

G. S. Qin, W. P. Qin, C. F. Wu, D. Zhao, J. S. Zhang, S. Z. Lu, S. H. Huang, and W. Xu, “Infrared-to-visible upconversion luminescence of Er3+ and Yb3+ co-doped germanate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 347, 52–55 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Acta. Phys. Sin.-CH ED (1)

F. Song, H. Tan, M. R. Shang, G. Y. Zhang, Z. X. Cheng, and H. C. Chen, “Spectra characteristics of Er3+ doped NaY(WO4)2 crystal,” Acta. Phys. Sin.-CH ED 51, 2375–2379 (2002).

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

F. Song, G. Y. Zhang, M. R. Shang, H. Tan, J. Yang, and F. Z. Meng, “Three-photon phenomena in the upconversion luminescence of erbium-ytterbium-codoped phosphate glass,” Appl. Phys. Lett. 79, 1748–1750 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chem. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. P. Jouart, M. Bouffard, T. Duvaut, and N. M. Khaidukov, “Photon avalanche upconversion in LiKYF5 crystals doubly doped with Tm3+ and Er3+,” Chem. Phys. Lett. 366, 62–66 (2002).
[CrossRef]

J. Chem. Phys. (1)

G. S. Ofelt, “Optical absorption intensities of rare-earth ions,” J. Chem. Phys. 37, 511–520 (1962).
[CrossRef]

J. Non-Cryst. Solids (1)

G. S. Qin, W. P. Qin, C. F. Wu, D. Zhao, J. S. Zhang, S. Z. Lu, S. H. Huang, and W. Xu, “Infrared-to-visible upconversion luminescence of Er3+ and Yb3+ co-doped germanate glass,” J. Non-Cryst. Solids 347, 52–55 (2004).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B (1)

Opt. Commun. (1)

F. Song, J. Su, H. Tan, L. Han, B. Fu, J. Tian, G. Zhang, Z. Cheng, and H. Chen, “The energy transfer processes between the Er3+ and Tm3+ in Er, Tm-codoped-NaY(WO4)2 crystal,” Opt. Commun. 241, 455–463 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (1)

Opt. Fiber Tech. (1)

E. F. Chillcce, E. Rodriguez, A. A. R. Neves, W. C. Moreira, C. L. César, and L. C. Barbosa, “Er3+-Tm3+ co-doped tellurite fibers for broadband optical fiber amplifier around 1550 nm band,” Opt. Fiber Tech. 12, 185–195 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Mater. (1)

I. R. Martin, J. Mendez-Ramos, V. D. Rodriguez, J. J. Romero, and J. Garcia-Sole, “Increase of the 800 nm excited Tm3+ blue upconversion emission in fluoroindate glasses by codoping with Yb3+ ions,” Opt. Mater. 22, 327–333 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Lett. A (1)

X. Shen, Q. H. Nie, T. F. Xu, T. Peng, and Y. Gao, “Green and red upconversion emission and energy-transfer between Er3+ and Tm3+ ions in tellurite glasses,” Phys. Lett. A 332, 101–106 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. (1)

B. R. Judd, “Intensities of crystal spectra of rare-earth ions,” Phys. Rev. 127, 750–761 (1962).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

J. F. Suyver, A. Aebischer, S. García-Revilla, P. Gerner, and H.U. Gudel, “Anomalous power dependence of sensitized upconversion luminescence,” Phys. Rev. B 71, 125123 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Solid State Commun. (1)

H. W. Song, B. J. Sun, T. Wang, S. Z. Lu, L. M. Yang, B. J. Chen, X. J. Wang, and X. G. Kong, “Three-photon upconversion luminescence phenomenon for the green levels in Er3+/Yb3+ codoped cubic nanocrystalline yttria,” Solid State Commun. 132, 409–413 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Other (2)

R. Reisfeld and C. K. Jorgensen, in Lasers and Excited States of Rare Earths. (Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, New York, 1977).
[CrossRef]

A. A. Kaminskii, in Laser Crystals: their physics and properties. (Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, New York, 1981).

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Upconversion spectra of Er:Tm:NYW excited by 974nm laser diode

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Log-log plots for dependency of 550nm green emission intensity on pumping power for Er:Tm:NYW

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Energy level diagram and transition mechanism of Er3+ and Tm3+

Tables (1)

Tables Icon

Table 1. Energy-transfer rates of cross relaxations calculated by Dexter’s theory

Equations (1)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

P = 8 π 2 e 4 S 0 3 h 2 c g i g k R 6 ( n 2 + 2 3 n ) 4 · λ = 2,4,6 Ω λ S i , L i , J i , U ( λ ) S j , L j , J j 2 · λ = 2,4,6 Ω λ S k , L k , J k U ( λ ) S e , L e , J e 2 ,

Metrics