Abstract

The principle of probing the upper atmospheric wind field, which is the Voigt profile spectral line shape, is presented for the first time. By the Fourier Transform of Voigt profile, with the Imaging Spectroscope and the Doppler effect of electromagnetic wave, the distribution and calculation formulae of the velocity field, temperature field, and pressure field of the upper atmosphere wind field are given. The probed source is the two major aurora emission lines originated from the metastable O(1S) and O(1D) at 557.7nm and 630.0nm. From computer simulation and error analysis, the Voigt profile, which is the correlation of the Gaussian profile and Lorentzian profile, is closest to the actual airglow emission lines.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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References

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  1. C. Zhang, B. Chang Zhao, and B. Xiangli, "Wide-field-of-view polarization interference imaging spectrometer," Appl. Opt. 43,6090-6094 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. C. Zhang, B. Xiangli, and B. Zhao, "Deviations of the Polarization Orientation in the Polarization Imaging spectrometer," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 6,815-817 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  3. C. Zhang, B. Xiangli, B. Zhao, and X. Yuan, "A static polarization imaging spectrometer base on Savart polariscope," Opt. Commun. 203,21-26 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. Zhang, B. Zhao, and B. Xiangli, "Analysis of the modulation depth affected by the polarization orientation in polarization interference imaging spectrometer," Opt. Commun. 227, 221-225 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  5. C. Zhang, B. Xiangli, and B.-C. Zhao, "Static Polarization Interference Imaging Spectrometer (SPIIS)," Proc. SPIE. 4087, 957-961 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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2006 (1)

C. Zhang, B.-C. Zhao, and B. Xiangli, "Interference Image Spectroscopy for Upper Atmospheric Wind Field Measurement," OPTIKS 117,265-270 (2006).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

C. Zhang, B. Chang Zhao, and B. Xiangli, "Wide-field-of-view polarization interference imaging spectrometer," Appl. Opt. 43,6090-6094 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Zhang, B. Xiangli, and B. Zhao, "Deviations of the Polarization Orientation in the Polarization Imaging spectrometer," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 6,815-817 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

C. Zhang, B. Zhao, and B. Xiangli, "Analysis of the modulation depth affected by the polarization orientation in polarization interference imaging spectrometer," Opt. Commun. 227, 221-225 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

C. Zhang, B. Xiangli, B. Zhao, and X. Yuan, "A static polarization imaging spectrometer base on Savart polariscope," Opt. Commun. 203,21-26 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (2)

C. Zhang, B. Xiangli, and B.-C. Zhao, "Static Polarization Interference Imaging Spectrometer (SPIIS)," Proc. SPIE. 4087, 957-961 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang, B. Xiangli, B.-C. Zhao, "The measurement to upper atmospheric wind by Interference Imaging Spectrometer," Opt. Sin. 24,234-239 (2000) (in Chinese).

1996 (2)

1993 (1)

G. G. Shepherd, G. Thulllier, W. A. Gault,  et al., "WINDII, the Wind Imaging Interferometer on the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite," J. Geoph. Res. 98,10725-10750 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1985 (1)

Brown, S.

Chang Zhao, B.

Gault, W. A.

Haslett, J. W.

Johnson, S. F.

Kendall, D. J.

Kosteniuk, P. R.

Miller, D. W.

Moise, A.

Pasturcayk, Z.

Shepherd, G. G.

Thulllier, G.

G. G. Shepherd, G. Thulllier, W. A. Gault,  et al., "WINDII, the Wind Imaging Interferometer on the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite," J. Geoph. Res. 98,10725-10750 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Wimperis, J. R.

Xiangli, B.

C. Zhang, B.-C. Zhao, and B. Xiangli, "Interference Image Spectroscopy for Upper Atmospheric Wind Field Measurement," OPTIKS 117,265-270 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang, B. Chang Zhao, and B. Xiangli, "Wide-field-of-view polarization interference imaging spectrometer," Appl. Opt. 43,6090-6094 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Zhang, B. Xiangli, and B. Zhao, "Deviations of the Polarization Orientation in the Polarization Imaging spectrometer," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 6,815-817 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang, B. Zhao, and B. Xiangli, "Analysis of the modulation depth affected by the polarization orientation in polarization interference imaging spectrometer," Opt. Commun. 227, 221-225 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang, B. Xiangli, B. Zhao, and X. Yuan, "A static polarization imaging spectrometer base on Savart polariscope," Opt. Commun. 203,21-26 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang, B. Xiangli, and B.-C. Zhao, "Static Polarization Interference Imaging Spectrometer (SPIIS)," Proc. SPIE. 4087, 957-961 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang, B. Xiangli, B.-C. Zhao, "The measurement to upper atmospheric wind by Interference Imaging Spectrometer," Opt. Sin. 24,234-239 (2000) (in Chinese).

Yuan, X.

C. Zhang, B. Xiangli, B. Zhao, and X. Yuan, "A static polarization imaging spectrometer base on Savart polariscope," Opt. Commun. 203,21-26 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhang, C.

C. Zhang, B.-C. Zhao, and B. Xiangli, "Interference Image Spectroscopy for Upper Atmospheric Wind Field Measurement," OPTIKS 117,265-270 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang, B. Chang Zhao, and B. Xiangli, "Wide-field-of-view polarization interference imaging spectrometer," Appl. Opt. 43,6090-6094 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

C. Zhang, B. Xiangli, and B. Zhao, "Deviations of the Polarization Orientation in the Polarization Imaging spectrometer," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 6,815-817 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang, B. Zhao, and B. Xiangli, "Analysis of the modulation depth affected by the polarization orientation in polarization interference imaging spectrometer," Opt. Commun. 227, 221-225 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang, B. Xiangli, B. Zhao, and X. Yuan, "A static polarization imaging spectrometer base on Savart polariscope," Opt. Commun. 203,21-26 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang, B. Xiangli, and B.-C. Zhao, "Static Polarization Interference Imaging Spectrometer (SPIIS)," Proc. SPIE. 4087, 957-961 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang, B. Xiangli, B.-C. Zhao, "The measurement to upper atmospheric wind by Interference Imaging Spectrometer," Opt. Sin. 24,234-239 (2000) (in Chinese).

Zhao, B.

C. Zhang, B. Xiangli, and B. Zhao, "Deviations of the Polarization Orientation in the Polarization Imaging spectrometer," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 6,815-817 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang, B. Zhao, and B. Xiangli, "Analysis of the modulation depth affected by the polarization orientation in polarization interference imaging spectrometer," Opt. Commun. 227, 221-225 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang, B. Xiangli, B. Zhao, and X. Yuan, "A static polarization imaging spectrometer base on Savart polariscope," Opt. Commun. 203,21-26 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zhao, B.-C.

C. Zhang, B.-C. Zhao, and B. Xiangli, "Interference Image Spectroscopy for Upper Atmospheric Wind Field Measurement," OPTIKS 117,265-270 (2006).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang, B. Xiangli, and B.-C. Zhao, "Static Polarization Interference Imaging Spectrometer (SPIIS)," Proc. SPIE. 4087, 957-961 (2000).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang, B. Xiangli, B.-C. Zhao, "The measurement to upper atmospheric wind by Interference Imaging Spectrometer," Opt. Sin. 24,234-239 (2000) (in Chinese).

Appl. Opt. (4)

J. Geoph. Res. (1)

G. G. Shepherd, G. Thulllier, W. A. Gault,  et al., "WINDII, the Wind Imaging Interferometer on the Upper Atmosphere Research Satellite," J. Geoph. Res. 98,10725-10750 (1993).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. (1)

C. Zhang, B. Xiangli, and B. Zhao, "Deviations of the Polarization Orientation in the Polarization Imaging spectrometer," J. Opt. A: Pure Appl. Opt. 6,815-817 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

C. Zhang, B. Xiangli, B. Zhao, and X. Yuan, "A static polarization imaging spectrometer base on Savart polariscope," Opt. Commun. 203,21-26 (2002).
[CrossRef]

C. Zhang, B. Zhao, and B. Xiangli, "Analysis of the modulation depth affected by the polarization orientation in polarization interference imaging spectrometer," Opt. Commun. 227, 221-225 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Sin. (1)

C. Zhang, B. Xiangli, B.-C. Zhao, "The measurement to upper atmospheric wind by Interference Imaging Spectrometer," Opt. Sin. 24,234-239 (2000) (in Chinese).

OPTIKS (1)

C. Zhang, B.-C. Zhao, and B. Xiangli, "Interference Image Spectroscopy for Upper Atmospheric Wind Field Measurement," OPTIKS 117,265-270 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Proc. SPIE. (1)

C. Zhang, B. Xiangli, and B.-C. Zhao, "Static Polarization Interference Imaging Spectrometer (SPIIS)," Proc. SPIE. 4087, 957-961 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

S. Fangzheng, The Application Basic of Atmospheric Optics, (Meteorology Press, 1990) pp. 50-51.

<bok>. Z. Guangzhao, The Principle of Fourier Transform Spectrometer, (Zhongshan University Press, 1991) in Chinese.</bok>

R. J. Bell, Introductory Fourier Transform Spectroscopy, (Academic Press, New York, San Francisco 1961).

X. Like, ed., Atmosphere laser watch and measure, (Science Press, Beijing 1984) in Chinese.

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Figures (3)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

The relative measurement error of temperature

Fig. 2
Fig. 2

The relative measurementerror of velocity

Fig. 3
Fig. 3

The relative measurement error of pressure

Equations (26)

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B ( σ σ 0 ) = f y π exp ( t 2 ) y 2 + ( x t ) 2 d t
B ( σ σ 0 ) = A f y π exp ( t 2 ) y 2 + ( x + t ) 2 d t
I ( Δ ) I ( 0 ) 2 = FT { f ( σ σ 0 ) }
F T { f ( σ σ 0 ) } = 2 A π exp [ ( 2 π γ L Δ + π 2 γ D 2 Δ 2 ln 2 ) ] cos ( 2 π σ 0 Δ )
2 A π = I ( 0 ) 2
I ( Δ ) = 1 2 I ( 0 ) { 1 + exp [ ( 2 π γ L Δ + π 2 γ D 2 Δ 2 ln 2 ) ] cos ( 2 π σ 0 Δ )
I ( Δ ) = I 0 { 1 + exp [ ( 2 π γ L Δ + π 2 γ D 2 Δ 2 ln 2 ) ] cos ( 2 π σ 0 Δ )
I = I 0 { 1 + V cos [ 2 π λ ( Δ + x ) ] } + I B
δ ϕ = ϕ = 2 π v c Δ λ
V = exp [ ( 2 π γ L Δ + π 2 γ D 2 Δ 2 ln 2 ) ]
γ L ( p , T ) = γ L ( p 0 , T 0 ) p p 0 T 0 T
γ D = 3.58 × 10 7 ( T M ) 1 2 σ 0
P = nRT V
I 0 = ( I 1 + I 3 ) 2 = ( I 2 + I 4 ) 2
V = [ ( I 1 I 3 ) 2 + ( I 4 I 2 ) 2 ] 1 2 2 I 0
ϕ = tan 1 [ ( I 4 I 2 ) ( I 1 I 3 ) ]
I 0 = ( I 1 + I 3 ) 2 = ( I 2 + I 4 ) 2
V = [ ( I 1 I 3 ) 2 + ( I 4 I 2 ) 2 ] 1 2 2 I 0
ϕ = tan 1 [ ( I 4 I 2 ) ( I 1 I 3 ) ]
v = ϕ c 2 π σ 0 Δ
T = M · ln V · ln 2 π 2 · ( 3.58 × 10 7 ) 2 · σ 0 2 · Δ 2
p = R 22.4 M · ln V · ln 2 π 2 · ( 3.58 × 10 7 ) 2 · σ 0 2 · Δ 2
X Tj = i = 1 200 ( T i T i ¯ ) 2 T i 2
X vj = i = 1 200 ( v i v i ¯ ) 2 i = 1 200 v i 2
X pj = i = 1 200 ( p i p i ¯ ) 2 i = 1 200 p i 2
X Ij = i = 1 200 ( P i P i ¯ ) 2 i = 1 200 I 0 2

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