Abstract

We show in principle how to cloak a region of space to make its contents classically invisible or transparent to waves. The method uses sensors and active sources near the surface of the region, and could operate over broad bandwidths. A general expression is given for calculating the necessary sources, and explicit, fully causal simulations are shown for scalar waves. Vulnerability to broad-band probing is discussed, and any active scheme should detectable by a quantum probe, regardless of bandwidth.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. A. Alu and N. Engheta, "Achieving transparency with plasmonic and metamaterial coatings," Phys. Rev. E 72, 016623 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  2. U. Leonhardt, "Optical conformal mapping," Science 312, 1777-1780 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  3. J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, "Controlling Electromagnetic Fields," Science 312, 1780-1782 (2006).
    [CrossRef]
  4. G. W. Milton, and N.-A. P. Nicorovici, "On the cloaking effects associated with anomalous localized resonance," Proc. Roy. Soc. A 462, 3027-3059 (2006).
  5. E. Wolf and T. Habashy, "Invisible bodies and uniqueness of the inverse scattering problem," J. Mod. Opt. 40, 785-792 (1993).
  6. N. A. Nicorovici, R. C. McPhedran, and G. W. Milton, "Optical and dielectric properties of partially resonant composites," Phys. Rev. B 490, 8479-8482 (1994).
  7. A. Alu and N. Engheta, "Pairing an epsilon-negative slab with a mu-negative slab: resonance, tunneling and transparency," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 51, 2558-2571 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  8. J. E. Ffowcs Williams "Review Lecture: Anti-Sound," Proc. Roy. Soc. London A 395, 63-88 (1984).
  9. P. A. Nelson and S. J. Elliott, Active Control of Sound (Academic Press, London, 1992), pp. 290-293.
  10. E. Friot and C. Bordier, "Real-time active suppression of scattered acoustic radiation," J. Sound Vib. 278, 563-580 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  11. E. Friot, R. Guillermin, and M. Winninger, "Active control of scattered acoustic radiation: a real-time implementation for a three-dimensional object," Acta Acust. 92, 278-288 (2006).
  12. Yu. I. Bobrovnitskii, "A new solution to the problem of an acoustically transparent body," Acoust. Phys. 50, 647-650 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  13. J. A. Stratton and L. J. Chu, "Diffraction Theory of Electromagnetic Waves," Phys. Rev. 56, 99-107 (1939).
    [CrossRef]
  14. J. A. Stratton, Electromagnetic Theory (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1941).
  15. M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 6th ed. (Pergamon, Oxford, 1980).
  16. D. A. B. Miller, "Huygens's wave propagation principle corrected," Opt. Lett. 16, 1370-1372 (1991).
  17. C. H. Bennett and G. Brassard, Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computers, Systems and Signal Processing, Bangalore, India, 1984 (IEEE, New York, 1984), 175-179.
  18. N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, "Quantum cryptography," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145-195 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  19. W. K. Wootters and W. H. Zurek, "A single quantum cannot be cloned," Nature 299, 802 (1982).
    [CrossRef]
  20. D. Dieks, "Communication by EPR devices," Phys. Lett. A 92, 271-272 (1982).
    [CrossRef]

2006 (4)

U. Leonhardt, "Optical conformal mapping," Science 312, 1777-1780 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, "Controlling Electromagnetic Fields," Science 312, 1780-1782 (2006).
[CrossRef]

G. W. Milton, and N.-A. P. Nicorovici, "On the cloaking effects associated with anomalous localized resonance," Proc. Roy. Soc. A 462, 3027-3059 (2006).

E. Friot, R. Guillermin, and M. Winninger, "Active control of scattered acoustic radiation: a real-time implementation for a three-dimensional object," Acta Acust. 92, 278-288 (2006).

2005 (1)

A. Alu and N. Engheta, "Achieving transparency with plasmonic and metamaterial coatings," Phys. Rev. E 72, 016623 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (2)

Yu. I. Bobrovnitskii, "A new solution to the problem of an acoustically transparent body," Acoust. Phys. 50, 647-650 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. Friot and C. Bordier, "Real-time active suppression of scattered acoustic radiation," J. Sound Vib. 278, 563-580 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (1)

A. Alu and N. Engheta, "Pairing an epsilon-negative slab with a mu-negative slab: resonance, tunneling and transparency," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 51, 2558-2571 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, "Quantum cryptography," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145-195 (2002).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

N. A. Nicorovici, R. C. McPhedran, and G. W. Milton, "Optical and dielectric properties of partially resonant composites," Phys. Rev. B 490, 8479-8482 (1994).

1993 (1)

E. Wolf and T. Habashy, "Invisible bodies and uniqueness of the inverse scattering problem," J. Mod. Opt. 40, 785-792 (1993).

1991 (1)

1984 (1)

J. E. Ffowcs Williams "Review Lecture: Anti-Sound," Proc. Roy. Soc. London A 395, 63-88 (1984).

1982 (2)

W. K. Wootters and W. H. Zurek, "A single quantum cannot be cloned," Nature 299, 802 (1982).
[CrossRef]

D. Dieks, "Communication by EPR devices," Phys. Lett. A 92, 271-272 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1939 (1)

J. A. Stratton and L. J. Chu, "Diffraction Theory of Electromagnetic Waves," Phys. Rev. 56, 99-107 (1939).
[CrossRef]

Alu, A.

A. Alu and N. Engheta, "Achieving transparency with plasmonic and metamaterial coatings," Phys. Rev. E 72, 016623 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Alu and N. Engheta, "Pairing an epsilon-negative slab with a mu-negative slab: resonance, tunneling and transparency," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 51, 2558-2571 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bobrovnitskii, Yu. I.

Yu. I. Bobrovnitskii, "A new solution to the problem of an acoustically transparent body," Acoust. Phys. 50, 647-650 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bordier, C.

E. Friot and C. Bordier, "Real-time active suppression of scattered acoustic radiation," J. Sound Vib. 278, 563-580 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Chu, L. J.

J. A. Stratton and L. J. Chu, "Diffraction Theory of Electromagnetic Waves," Phys. Rev. 56, 99-107 (1939).
[CrossRef]

Dieks, D.

D. Dieks, "Communication by EPR devices," Phys. Lett. A 92, 271-272 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Engheta, N.

A. Alu and N. Engheta, "Achieving transparency with plasmonic and metamaterial coatings," Phys. Rev. E 72, 016623 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Alu and N. Engheta, "Pairing an epsilon-negative slab with a mu-negative slab: resonance, tunneling and transparency," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 51, 2558-2571 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ffowcs Williams, J. E.

J. E. Ffowcs Williams "Review Lecture: Anti-Sound," Proc. Roy. Soc. London A 395, 63-88 (1984).

Friot, E.

E. Friot, R. Guillermin, and M. Winninger, "Active control of scattered acoustic radiation: a real-time implementation for a three-dimensional object," Acta Acust. 92, 278-288 (2006).

E. Friot and C. Bordier, "Real-time active suppression of scattered acoustic radiation," J. Sound Vib. 278, 563-580 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gisin, N.

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, "Quantum cryptography," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145-195 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Guillermin, R.

E. Friot, R. Guillermin, and M. Winninger, "Active control of scattered acoustic radiation: a real-time implementation for a three-dimensional object," Acta Acust. 92, 278-288 (2006).

Habashy, T.

E. Wolf and T. Habashy, "Invisible bodies and uniqueness of the inverse scattering problem," J. Mod. Opt. 40, 785-792 (1993).

Leonhardt, U.

U. Leonhardt, "Optical conformal mapping," Science 312, 1777-1780 (2006).
[CrossRef]

McPhedran, R. C.

N. A. Nicorovici, R. C. McPhedran, and G. W. Milton, "Optical and dielectric properties of partially resonant composites," Phys. Rev. B 490, 8479-8482 (1994).

Miller, D. A. B.

Milton, G. W.

G. W. Milton, and N.-A. P. Nicorovici, "On the cloaking effects associated with anomalous localized resonance," Proc. Roy. Soc. A 462, 3027-3059 (2006).

N. A. Nicorovici, R. C. McPhedran, and G. W. Milton, "Optical and dielectric properties of partially resonant composites," Phys. Rev. B 490, 8479-8482 (1994).

Nicorovici, N. A.

N. A. Nicorovici, R. C. McPhedran, and G. W. Milton, "Optical and dielectric properties of partially resonant composites," Phys. Rev. B 490, 8479-8482 (1994).

Nicorovici, N.-A. P.

G. W. Milton, and N.-A. P. Nicorovici, "On the cloaking effects associated with anomalous localized resonance," Proc. Roy. Soc. A 462, 3027-3059 (2006).

Pendry, J. B.

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, "Controlling Electromagnetic Fields," Science 312, 1780-1782 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Ribordy, G.

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, "Quantum cryptography," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145-195 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Schurig, D.

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, "Controlling Electromagnetic Fields," Science 312, 1780-1782 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Smith, D. R.

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, "Controlling Electromagnetic Fields," Science 312, 1780-1782 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Stratton, J. A.

J. A. Stratton and L. J. Chu, "Diffraction Theory of Electromagnetic Waves," Phys. Rev. 56, 99-107 (1939).
[CrossRef]

Tittel, W.

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, "Quantum cryptography," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145-195 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Winninger, M.

E. Friot, R. Guillermin, and M. Winninger, "Active control of scattered acoustic radiation: a real-time implementation for a three-dimensional object," Acta Acust. 92, 278-288 (2006).

Wolf, E.

E. Wolf and T. Habashy, "Invisible bodies and uniqueness of the inverse scattering problem," J. Mod. Opt. 40, 785-792 (1993).

Wootters, W. K.

W. K. Wootters and W. H. Zurek, "A single quantum cannot be cloned," Nature 299, 802 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Zbinden, H.

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, "Quantum cryptography," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145-195 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Zurek, W. H.

W. K. Wootters and W. H. Zurek, "A single quantum cannot be cloned," Nature 299, 802 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Acoust. Phys. (1)

Yu. I. Bobrovnitskii, "A new solution to the problem of an acoustically transparent body," Acoust. Phys. 50, 647-650 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Acta Acust. (1)

E. Friot, R. Guillermin, and M. Winninger, "Active control of scattered acoustic radiation: a real-time implementation for a three-dimensional object," Acta Acust. 92, 278-288 (2006).

IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. (1)

A. Alu and N. Engheta, "Pairing an epsilon-negative slab with a mu-negative slab: resonance, tunneling and transparency," IEEE Trans. Antennas Propag. 51, 2558-2571 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Mod. Opt. (1)

E. Wolf and T. Habashy, "Invisible bodies and uniqueness of the inverse scattering problem," J. Mod. Opt. 40, 785-792 (1993).

J. Sound Vib. (1)

E. Friot and C. Bordier, "Real-time active suppression of scattered acoustic radiation," J. Sound Vib. 278, 563-580 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nature (1)

W. K. Wootters and W. H. Zurek, "A single quantum cannot be cloned," Nature 299, 802 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (1)

Phys. Lett. A (1)

D. Dieks, "Communication by EPR devices," Phys. Lett. A 92, 271-272 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. (1)

J. A. Stratton and L. J. Chu, "Diffraction Theory of Electromagnetic Waves," Phys. Rev. 56, 99-107 (1939).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B (1)

N. A. Nicorovici, R. C. McPhedran, and G. W. Milton, "Optical and dielectric properties of partially resonant composites," Phys. Rev. B 490, 8479-8482 (1994).

Phys. Rev. E (1)

A. Alu and N. Engheta, "Achieving transparency with plasmonic and metamaterial coatings," Phys. Rev. E 72, 016623 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Proc. Roy. Soc. A (1)

G. W. Milton, and N.-A. P. Nicorovici, "On the cloaking effects associated with anomalous localized resonance," Proc. Roy. Soc. A 462, 3027-3059 (2006).

Proc. Roy. Soc. London A (1)

J. E. Ffowcs Williams "Review Lecture: Anti-Sound," Proc. Roy. Soc. London A 395, 63-88 (1984).

Rev. Mod. Phys. (1)

N. Gisin, G. Ribordy, W. Tittel, and H. Zbinden, "Quantum cryptography," Rev. Mod. Phys. 74, 145-195 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Science (2)

U. Leonhardt, "Optical conformal mapping," Science 312, 1777-1780 (2006).
[CrossRef]

J. B. Pendry, D. Schurig, and D. R. Smith, "Controlling Electromagnetic Fields," Science 312, 1780-1782 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

P. A. Nelson and S. J. Elliott, Active Control of Sound (Academic Press, London, 1992), pp. 290-293.

J. A. Stratton, Electromagnetic Theory (McGraw-Hill, New York, 1941).

M. Born and E. Wolf, Principles of Optics, 6th ed. (Pergamon, Oxford, 1980).

C. H. Bennett and G. Brassard, Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computers, Systems and Signal Processing, Bangalore, India, 1984 (IEEE, New York, 1984), 175-179.

Supplementary Material (3)

» Media 1: AVI (781 KB)     
» Media 2: AVI (824 KB)     
» Media 3: AVI (777 KB)     

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Metrics