Abstract

We characterize the spontaneous emission of dye that is introduced into the central core of a tapered photonic crystal fiber. Since the photonic crystal period in the fibre cladding varies along the taper, the transmission and spontaneous emission spectra over a wide range of relative frequencies can be observed. The spontaneous emission spectra of the fibre transverse to the fiber axis show suppression due to partial band-gaps of the structure, and also enhancement of spontaneous emission near the band edges. We associate these with van Hove features, as well as finite cluster size effects.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. E. Yablonovitch, "Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059 (1987).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  2. P. Lodahl, A. van Driel, I. Nikolaev, A. Irman, K. Overgaag, D. Vanmaekelbergh, and W. Vos "Controlling the dynamics of spontaneous emission from quantum dots by photonic crystals," Nature 430,654-657 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  3. M. Fujita, S. Takahashi, Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, and S. Noda, "Simultaneous inhibition and redistribution of spontaneous light emission in photonic crystals," Science 308, 1296-1298 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. N. Louvion, D. Gerard, J. Mouette, F. de Fornel, C. Seasal, X. Letartre, A. Rahmani, and S. Callard, "Local observation and spectroscopy of optical modes in an active photonic-crystal microcavity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 113907 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. R. F. Cregan, J.C. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, and P. J. Roberts, "Distribution of spontaneous emission from an Er3+ doped photonic crystal fiber," J. Lightwave Technol. 17, 2138-2141 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  6. T. A. Birks and Y. W. Li, "The shape of fiber tapers," J. Lightwave Technol. 10,432-438 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  7. E. C. Mägi, P. Steinvurzel, B. J. Eggleton, "Tapered photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Express 12, 776-784 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. H. C. Nguyen, B. T. Kuhlmey, E. C. Mägi, M. J. Steel, P. Domachuk, C. L. Smith, B. J. Eggleton, "Tapered photonic crystal fibres: properties, characterization and applications," Appl. Phys. B 81, 377-387 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. T. Huntington, J. Katsifolis, B. C. Gibson, J. Canning, K. Lyytikainen, J. Zagari, L. W. Cahill, and J. D. Love, "Retaining and characterising nano-structure within tapered air-silica structured optical fibers," Opt. Express 11, 98-104 (2003).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. W. J. Wadsworth, A. Witkowska, S. G. Leon-Saval, and T. A. Birks, "Hole inflation and tapering of stock photonic crystal fibres," Opt. Express 13, 6541-6549 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  11. D. P. Fussell, R. C. McPhedran, C. M. de Sterke, "Three-dimensional Green's tensor, local density of states and spontaneous emission in finite two-dimensional photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. E 70, 66608 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  12. K. Busch and S. John, "Photonic bandgap formation in certain self-organising systems," Phys. Rev. E 58,3896-3908 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  13. R. Sprik, B. A. van Tiggelen, and A. Lagendijk, "Optical emission in periodic dielectrics," Europhys. Lett. 35, 265-270 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  14. E. Petrov, V. Bogomolov, I. Kalosha, and S. Gaponenko, "Spontaneous emission of organic molecules embedded in a Photonic Crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 77-80 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  15. A. F. Koenderink, L. Bechger, A. Lagendijk, and W. L. Vos, "An experimental study of strongly modified emission in inverse opal photonic crystals," Phys Status Solidi A 197, 648-661 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  16. P. Bermel, J. Joannopoulos, Y. Fink, P. A. Lane, and C. Tapalian, "Properties of radiating pointlike sources in cylindrical omnidirectionally reflecting waveguides," Phys Rev B 69, 035316 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  17. M. Ibanescu, E. Reed, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Enhanced photonic band-gap confinement via van Hove saddle point singularities," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 033904 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006

M. Ibanescu, E. Reed, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Enhanced photonic band-gap confinement via van Hove saddle point singularities," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 033904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2005

W. J. Wadsworth, A. Witkowska, S. G. Leon-Saval, and T. A. Birks, "Hole inflation and tapering of stock photonic crystal fibres," Opt. Express 13, 6541-6549 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

M. Fujita, S. Takahashi, Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, and S. Noda, "Simultaneous inhibition and redistribution of spontaneous light emission in photonic crystals," Science 308, 1296-1298 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

N. Louvion, D. Gerard, J. Mouette, F. de Fornel, C. Seasal, X. Letartre, A. Rahmani, and S. Callard, "Local observation and spectroscopy of optical modes in an active photonic-crystal microcavity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 113907 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

H. C. Nguyen, B. T. Kuhlmey, E. C. Mägi, M. J. Steel, P. Domachuk, C. L. Smith, B. J. Eggleton, "Tapered photonic crystal fibres: properties, characterization and applications," Appl. Phys. B 81, 377-387 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

D. P. Fussell, R. C. McPhedran, C. M. de Sterke, "Three-dimensional Green's tensor, local density of states and spontaneous emission in finite two-dimensional photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. E 70, 66608 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. Lodahl, A. van Driel, I. Nikolaev, A. Irman, K. Overgaag, D. Vanmaekelbergh, and W. Vos "Controlling the dynamics of spontaneous emission from quantum dots by photonic crystals," Nature 430,654-657 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

E. C. Mägi, P. Steinvurzel, B. J. Eggleton, "Tapered photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Express 12, 776-784 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

P. Bermel, J. Joannopoulos, Y. Fink, P. A. Lane, and C. Tapalian, "Properties of radiating pointlike sources in cylindrical omnidirectionally reflecting waveguides," Phys Rev B 69, 035316 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

S. T. Huntington, J. Katsifolis, B. C. Gibson, J. Canning, K. Lyytikainen, J. Zagari, L. W. Cahill, and J. D. Love, "Retaining and characterising nano-structure within tapered air-silica structured optical fibers," Opt. Express 11, 98-104 (2003).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

A. F. Koenderink, L. Bechger, A. Lagendijk, and W. L. Vos, "An experimental study of strongly modified emission in inverse opal photonic crystals," Phys Status Solidi A 197, 648-661 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1999

1998

E. Petrov, V. Bogomolov, I. Kalosha, and S. Gaponenko, "Spontaneous emission of organic molecules embedded in a Photonic Crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 77-80 (1998).
[CrossRef]

K. Busch and S. John, "Photonic bandgap formation in certain self-organising systems," Phys. Rev. E 58,3896-3908 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1996

R. Sprik, B. A. van Tiggelen, and A. Lagendijk, "Optical emission in periodic dielectrics," Europhys. Lett. 35, 265-270 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1992

T. A. Birks and Y. W. Li, "The shape of fiber tapers," J. Lightwave Technol. 10,432-438 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1987

E. Yablonovitch, "Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Asano, T.

M. Fujita, S. Takahashi, Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, and S. Noda, "Simultaneous inhibition and redistribution of spontaneous light emission in photonic crystals," Science 308, 1296-1298 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Bechger, L.

A. F. Koenderink, L. Bechger, A. Lagendijk, and W. L. Vos, "An experimental study of strongly modified emission in inverse opal photonic crystals," Phys Status Solidi A 197, 648-661 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bermel, P.

P. Bermel, J. Joannopoulos, Y. Fink, P. A. Lane, and C. Tapalian, "Properties of radiating pointlike sources in cylindrical omnidirectionally reflecting waveguides," Phys Rev B 69, 035316 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Birks, T. A.

Bogomolov, V.

E. Petrov, V. Bogomolov, I. Kalosha, and S. Gaponenko, "Spontaneous emission of organic molecules embedded in a Photonic Crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 77-80 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Busch, K.

K. Busch and S. John, "Photonic bandgap formation in certain self-organising systems," Phys. Rev. E 58,3896-3908 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Cahill, L. W.

Callard, S.

N. Louvion, D. Gerard, J. Mouette, F. de Fornel, C. Seasal, X. Letartre, A. Rahmani, and S. Callard, "Local observation and spectroscopy of optical modes in an active photonic-crystal microcavity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 113907 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Canning, J.

Cregan, R. F.

de Fornel, F.

N. Louvion, D. Gerard, J. Mouette, F. de Fornel, C. Seasal, X. Letartre, A. Rahmani, and S. Callard, "Local observation and spectroscopy of optical modes in an active photonic-crystal microcavity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 113907 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

de Sterke, C. M.

D. P. Fussell, R. C. McPhedran, C. M. de Sterke, "Three-dimensional Green's tensor, local density of states and spontaneous emission in finite two-dimensional photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. E 70, 66608 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Domachuk, P.

H. C. Nguyen, B. T. Kuhlmey, E. C. Mägi, M. J. Steel, P. Domachuk, C. L. Smith, B. J. Eggleton, "Tapered photonic crystal fibres: properties, characterization and applications," Appl. Phys. B 81, 377-387 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Eggleton, B. J.

H. C. Nguyen, B. T. Kuhlmey, E. C. Mägi, M. J. Steel, P. Domachuk, C. L. Smith, B. J. Eggleton, "Tapered photonic crystal fibres: properties, characterization and applications," Appl. Phys. B 81, 377-387 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. C. Mägi, P. Steinvurzel, B. J. Eggleton, "Tapered photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Express 12, 776-784 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fink, Y.

P. Bermel, J. Joannopoulos, Y. Fink, P. A. Lane, and C. Tapalian, "Properties of radiating pointlike sources in cylindrical omnidirectionally reflecting waveguides," Phys Rev B 69, 035316 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Fujita, M.

M. Fujita, S. Takahashi, Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, and S. Noda, "Simultaneous inhibition and redistribution of spontaneous light emission in photonic crystals," Science 308, 1296-1298 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Fussell, D. P.

D. P. Fussell, R. C. McPhedran, C. M. de Sterke, "Three-dimensional Green's tensor, local density of states and spontaneous emission in finite two-dimensional photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. E 70, 66608 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gaponenko, S.

E. Petrov, V. Bogomolov, I. Kalosha, and S. Gaponenko, "Spontaneous emission of organic molecules embedded in a Photonic Crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 77-80 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Gerard, D.

N. Louvion, D. Gerard, J. Mouette, F. de Fornel, C. Seasal, X. Letartre, A. Rahmani, and S. Callard, "Local observation and spectroscopy of optical modes in an active photonic-crystal microcavity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 113907 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Gibson, B. C.

Huntington, S. T.

Ibanescu, M.

M. Ibanescu, E. Reed, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Enhanced photonic band-gap confinement via van Hove saddle point singularities," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 033904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Irman, A.

P. Lodahl, A. van Driel, I. Nikolaev, A. Irman, K. Overgaag, D. Vanmaekelbergh, and W. Vos "Controlling the dynamics of spontaneous emission from quantum dots by photonic crystals," Nature 430,654-657 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Joannopoulos, J.

P. Bermel, J. Joannopoulos, Y. Fink, P. A. Lane, and C. Tapalian, "Properties of radiating pointlike sources in cylindrical omnidirectionally reflecting waveguides," Phys Rev B 69, 035316 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Joannopoulos, J. D.

M. Ibanescu, E. Reed, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Enhanced photonic band-gap confinement via van Hove saddle point singularities," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 033904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

John, S.

K. Busch and S. John, "Photonic bandgap formation in certain self-organising systems," Phys. Rev. E 58,3896-3908 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kalosha, I.

E. Petrov, V. Bogomolov, I. Kalosha, and S. Gaponenko, "Spontaneous emission of organic molecules embedded in a Photonic Crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 77-80 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Katsifolis, J.

Knight, J.C.

Koenderink, A. F.

A. F. Koenderink, L. Bechger, A. Lagendijk, and W. L. Vos, "An experimental study of strongly modified emission in inverse opal photonic crystals," Phys Status Solidi A 197, 648-661 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kuhlmey, B. T.

H. C. Nguyen, B. T. Kuhlmey, E. C. Mägi, M. J. Steel, P. Domachuk, C. L. Smith, B. J. Eggleton, "Tapered photonic crystal fibres: properties, characterization and applications," Appl. Phys. B 81, 377-387 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lagendijk, A.

A. F. Koenderink, L. Bechger, A. Lagendijk, and W. L. Vos, "An experimental study of strongly modified emission in inverse opal photonic crystals," Phys Status Solidi A 197, 648-661 (2003).
[CrossRef]

R. Sprik, B. A. van Tiggelen, and A. Lagendijk, "Optical emission in periodic dielectrics," Europhys. Lett. 35, 265-270 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Lane, P. A.

P. Bermel, J. Joannopoulos, Y. Fink, P. A. Lane, and C. Tapalian, "Properties of radiating pointlike sources in cylindrical omnidirectionally reflecting waveguides," Phys Rev B 69, 035316 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Leon-Saval, S. G.

Letartre, X.

N. Louvion, D. Gerard, J. Mouette, F. de Fornel, C. Seasal, X. Letartre, A. Rahmani, and S. Callard, "Local observation and spectroscopy of optical modes in an active photonic-crystal microcavity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 113907 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Li, Y. W.

T. A. Birks and Y. W. Li, "The shape of fiber tapers," J. Lightwave Technol. 10,432-438 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Lodahl, P.

P. Lodahl, A. van Driel, I. Nikolaev, A. Irman, K. Overgaag, D. Vanmaekelbergh, and W. Vos "Controlling the dynamics of spontaneous emission from quantum dots by photonic crystals," Nature 430,654-657 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Louvion, N.

N. Louvion, D. Gerard, J. Mouette, F. de Fornel, C. Seasal, X. Letartre, A. Rahmani, and S. Callard, "Local observation and spectroscopy of optical modes in an active photonic-crystal microcavity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 113907 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Love, J. D.

Lyytikainen, K.

Mägi, E. C.

H. C. Nguyen, B. T. Kuhlmey, E. C. Mägi, M. J. Steel, P. Domachuk, C. L. Smith, B. J. Eggleton, "Tapered photonic crystal fibres: properties, characterization and applications," Appl. Phys. B 81, 377-387 (2005).
[CrossRef]

E. C. Mägi, P. Steinvurzel, B. J. Eggleton, "Tapered photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Express 12, 776-784 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

McPhedran, R. C.

D. P. Fussell, R. C. McPhedran, C. M. de Sterke, "Three-dimensional Green's tensor, local density of states and spontaneous emission in finite two-dimensional photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. E 70, 66608 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mouette, J.

N. Louvion, D. Gerard, J. Mouette, F. de Fornel, C. Seasal, X. Letartre, A. Rahmani, and S. Callard, "Local observation and spectroscopy of optical modes in an active photonic-crystal microcavity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 113907 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Nguyen, H. C.

H. C. Nguyen, B. T. Kuhlmey, E. C. Mägi, M. J. Steel, P. Domachuk, C. L. Smith, B. J. Eggleton, "Tapered photonic crystal fibres: properties, characterization and applications," Appl. Phys. B 81, 377-387 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nikolaev, I.

P. Lodahl, A. van Driel, I. Nikolaev, A. Irman, K. Overgaag, D. Vanmaekelbergh, and W. Vos "Controlling the dynamics of spontaneous emission from quantum dots by photonic crystals," Nature 430,654-657 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Noda, S.

M. Fujita, S. Takahashi, Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, and S. Noda, "Simultaneous inhibition and redistribution of spontaneous light emission in photonic crystals," Science 308, 1296-1298 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Overgaag, K.

P. Lodahl, A. van Driel, I. Nikolaev, A. Irman, K. Overgaag, D. Vanmaekelbergh, and W. Vos "Controlling the dynamics of spontaneous emission from quantum dots by photonic crystals," Nature 430,654-657 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Petrov, E.

E. Petrov, V. Bogomolov, I. Kalosha, and S. Gaponenko, "Spontaneous emission of organic molecules embedded in a Photonic Crystal," Phys. Rev. Lett. 81, 77-80 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rahmani, A.

N. Louvion, D. Gerard, J. Mouette, F. de Fornel, C. Seasal, X. Letartre, A. Rahmani, and S. Callard, "Local observation and spectroscopy of optical modes in an active photonic-crystal microcavity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 113907 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Reed, E.

M. Ibanescu, E. Reed, and J. D. Joannopoulos, "Enhanced photonic band-gap confinement via van Hove saddle point singularities," Phys. Rev. Lett. 96, 033904 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Roberts, P. J.

Russell, P. St. J.

Seasal, C.

N. Louvion, D. Gerard, J. Mouette, F. de Fornel, C. Seasal, X. Letartre, A. Rahmani, and S. Callard, "Local observation and spectroscopy of optical modes in an active photonic-crystal microcavity," Phys. Rev. Lett. 94, 113907 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Smith, C. L.

H. C. Nguyen, B. T. Kuhlmey, E. C. Mägi, M. J. Steel, P. Domachuk, C. L. Smith, B. J. Eggleton, "Tapered photonic crystal fibres: properties, characterization and applications," Appl. Phys. B 81, 377-387 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sprik, R.

R. Sprik, B. A. van Tiggelen, and A. Lagendijk, "Optical emission in periodic dielectrics," Europhys. Lett. 35, 265-270 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Steel, M. J.

H. C. Nguyen, B. T. Kuhlmey, E. C. Mägi, M. J. Steel, P. Domachuk, C. L. Smith, B. J. Eggleton, "Tapered photonic crystal fibres: properties, characterization and applications," Appl. Phys. B 81, 377-387 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Steinvurzel, P.

Takahashi, S.

M. Fujita, S. Takahashi, Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, and S. Noda, "Simultaneous inhibition and redistribution of spontaneous light emission in photonic crystals," Science 308, 1296-1298 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tanaka, Y.

M. Fujita, S. Takahashi, Y. Tanaka, T. Asano, and S. Noda, "Simultaneous inhibition and redistribution of spontaneous light emission in photonic crystals," Science 308, 1296-1298 (2005).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Tapalian, C.

P. Bermel, J. Joannopoulos, Y. Fink, P. A. Lane, and C. Tapalian, "Properties of radiating pointlike sources in cylindrical omnidirectionally reflecting waveguides," Phys Rev B 69, 035316 (2004).
[CrossRef]

van Driel, A.

P. Lodahl, A. van Driel, I. Nikolaev, A. Irman, K. Overgaag, D. Vanmaekelbergh, and W. Vos "Controlling the dynamics of spontaneous emission from quantum dots by photonic crystals," Nature 430,654-657 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

van Tiggelen, B. A.

R. Sprik, B. A. van Tiggelen, and A. Lagendijk, "Optical emission in periodic dielectrics," Europhys. Lett. 35, 265-270 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Vanmaekelbergh, D.

P. Lodahl, A. van Driel, I. Nikolaev, A. Irman, K. Overgaag, D. Vanmaekelbergh, and W. Vos "Controlling the dynamics of spontaneous emission from quantum dots by photonic crystals," Nature 430,654-657 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vos, W.

P. Lodahl, A. van Driel, I. Nikolaev, A. Irman, K. Overgaag, D. Vanmaekelbergh, and W. Vos "Controlling the dynamics of spontaneous emission from quantum dots by photonic crystals," Nature 430,654-657 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Vos, W. L.

A. F. Koenderink, L. Bechger, A. Lagendijk, and W. L. Vos, "An experimental study of strongly modified emission in inverse opal photonic crystals," Phys Status Solidi A 197, 648-661 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wadsworth, W. J.

Witkowska, A.

Yablonovitch, E.

E. Yablonovitch, "Inhibited spontaneous emission in solid-state physics and electronics," Phys. Rev. Lett. 58, 2059 (1987).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Zagari, J.

Appl. Phys. B

H. C. Nguyen, B. T. Kuhlmey, E. C. Mägi, M. J. Steel, P. Domachuk, C. L. Smith, B. J. Eggleton, "Tapered photonic crystal fibres: properties, characterization and applications," Appl. Phys. B 81, 377-387 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Europhys. Lett.

R. Sprik, B. A. van Tiggelen, and A. Lagendijk, "Optical emission in periodic dielectrics," Europhys. Lett. 35, 265-270 (1996).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol.

Nature

P. Lodahl, A. van Driel, I. Nikolaev, A. Irman, K. Overgaag, D. Vanmaekelbergh, and W. Vos "Controlling the dynamics of spontaneous emission from quantum dots by photonic crystals," Nature 430,654-657 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

Opt. Express

Phys Rev B

P. Bermel, J. Joannopoulos, Y. Fink, P. A. Lane, and C. Tapalian, "Properties of radiating pointlike sources in cylindrical omnidirectionally reflecting waveguides," Phys Rev B 69, 035316 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Phys Status Solidi A

A. F. Koenderink, L. Bechger, A. Lagendijk, and W. L. Vos, "An experimental study of strongly modified emission in inverse opal photonic crystals," Phys Status Solidi A 197, 648-661 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. E

D. P. Fussell, R. C. McPhedran, C. M. de Sterke, "Three-dimensional Green's tensor, local density of states and spontaneous emission in finite two-dimensional photonic crystals," Phys. Rev. E 70, 66608 (2004).
[CrossRef]

K. Busch and S. John, "Photonic bandgap formation in certain self-organising systems," Phys. Rev. E 58,3896-3908 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. Lett.

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Supplementary Material (2)

» Media 1: AVI (2330 KB)     
» Media 2: AVI (1974 KB)     

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

In-plane band structure of the PCF cladding, consisting of an infinite hexagonal lattice of circular air holes with radius a=0.4/d, in glass (n=1.45). Modes are TM (E // to the inclusions) or TE (H // to the inclusions).

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Electron micrograph of a cleaved section of a typical tapered PCF used in experiments. Inset: cross section of an untapered fiber.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Schematic of the experiments. In the transmission measurements, light is incident through the left SMF, propagates through the tapered PCF in the middle, with the SMF on the right collecting the transmitted light. In the emission experiments the left SMF carries the pump light, with the SMF on the right collecting the light emitted by the dye.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

(a). Reflection versus wavelength at different positions along the taper. (b) Transmission (ΓM and TE) versus reduced frequency. Each trace is from a different position along the taper, corresponding to a different photonic crystal pitch.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Calculated (above) and corresponding averaged measured (below) emission intensities for spontaneous emission for ΓM vs relative frequency d/λ for TE-polarized light (red, left) and TM-polarized light (blue, right). Bandgaps shown with vertical lines. The upper plots show numerically calculated spontaneous emission using LDOS models. Above the dashed line emission is enhanced.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

TE polarized emission radiation patterns for (left) relative frequency=0.428 (lower edge of bandgap) and (right) 0.512 (higher edge of bandgap), showing the specific calculation geometry which is a finite photonic crystal cladding structure with central defect. See multimedia files TM (1.9 MB) and TE (2.3 MB) for the calculated radiation pattern as a function of relative frequency.

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