Abstract

A nanowire-based localized surface plasmon resonance (LSPR) biosensor has been investigated to evaluate the impact of design parameters of nanowires on the excitation of localized surface plasmons (LSPs) and the sensitivity enhancement of a LSPR biosensor. The results based on rigorous coupled wave analysis and finite difference time domain method indicate that significant sensitivity increase is associated with LSP excitation mediated by nanowires and that resonant coupling of LSPs through a nanogroove achieves larger field enhancement and sensitivity improvement than LSP excitation in a single nanowire. A specific optimization provided a nanowire-based structure with the sensitivity increase by more than 23 times as well as good linear detection properties.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]

2006 (5)

2005 (6)

2004 (3)

2003 (2)

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon subwavelength optics," Nature 424, 824-830 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. D. McFarland and R. P. Van Duyne, "Single silver nanoparticles as real-time optical sensors with zeptomole sensitivity," Nano Lett. 3, 1057-1062 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (2)

Y. Sun and Y. Xia, "Increased sensitivity of surface plasmon resonance of gold nanoshells compared to that of gold solid colloids in response to environmental changes," Anal. Chem. 74, 5297-5305 (2002).
[CrossRef]

E. Moreno, D. Erni, C. Hafner, and R. Vahldieck, "Multiple multipole method with automatic multipole setting applied to the simulation of surface plasmons in metallic nanostructures" J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 19, 101-111 (2002).

2001 (3)

M. D. Malinsky, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, "Chain length dependence and sensing capabilities of the localized surface plasmon resonance of silver nanoparticles chemically modified with alkanethiol self-assembled monolayers," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 123, 1471-1482 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Y. Kanamori, K. Hane, H. Sai, and H. Yugami, "100 nm period silicon antireflection structures fabricated using a porous alumina membrane mask," Appl. Phys. 78, 142-143 (2001).

E. Hutter, S. Cha, J-F. Liu, J. Park, J. Yi, J. H. Fendler, and D. Roy, "Role of substrate metal in gold nanoparticle enhanced surface plasmon resonance imaging," J. Phys. Chem. B 105, 8-12 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (3)

L. He, M. D. Musick, S. R. Nicewarner, F. G. Salinas, S. J. Benkovic, M. J. Natan, and C. D. Keating, "Colloidal Au-enhanced surface plasmon resonance for ultrasensitive detection of DNA hybridization," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122, 9071-9077 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Z. Salamon, G. Lindblom, L. Rilfors, K. Linde, and G. Tollin, "Interaction of phosphatidylserine synthase from E. coli with lipid bilayers: coupled plasmon-waveguide resonance spectroscopy studies," Biophys. J. 78, 1400-1412 (2000).

J. Lermé, "Introduction of quantum finite-size effects in the Mie’s theory for a multilayered metal sphere in the dipolar approximation: application to free and matrix-embedded noble metal clusters," Eur. Phys. J. D 10, 265-277 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

L. A. Lyon, D. J. Pena, and M. J. Natan, "Surface plasmon resonance of Au colloid-modified Au films: Particle size dependence," J. Phys. Chem. B 103, 5826-5831 (1999).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Jensen, L. Kelley, A. Lazarides, and G. C. Schatz, "Electrodynamics of noble metal nanoparticles and nanoparticle clusters," J. Cluster Sci. 10, 295-317 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998 (2)

L. A. Lyon, M. D. Musick, and M. J. Natan, "Colloidal Au-enhanced surface plasmon resonance immunosensing," Anal. Chem. 70, 5177-5183 (1998).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays," Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

S. Kubitschko, J. Spinke, T. Brückner, S. Pohl, and N. Oranth, "Sensitivity enhancement of optical immunosensors with nanoparticles," Anal. Biochem. 253, 112-122 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

1986 (1)

1982 (1)

H. Raether, "Dispersion relation of surface plasmons on gold- and silver gratings," Opt. Commun. 42, 217-222 (1982).
[CrossRef]

1976 (1)

I. Pockrand and H. Raether, "Surface plasma oscillations in silver films with wavy surface profiles: a quantitative experimental study," Opt. Commun. 18, 395-399 (1976).
[CrossRef]

1975 (1)

L. Genzel, T. P. Martin, and U. Kreibig, "Dielectric function and plasma resonances of small metal particles," Z. Physik B21, 339-346 (1975).

1974 (1)

U. Kreibig, "Electronic properties of small silver particles: the optical constants and their temperature dependence," J. Phys. F Met. Phys.  4, 999-1014 (1974).
[CrossRef]

1970 (1)

R. Bruns and H. Raether, "Plasma resonance radiation from non-radiative plasmons," Z. Physik 237, 98-106 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Armelles, G.

Aslan, K.

K. Aslan, J. R. Lakowicz, and G. D. Geddes, "Plasmon light scattering in biology and medicine: new sensing approaches, vision and perspectives," Curr. Opin. Chem. Biol. 9, 538-544 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Badenes, G.

Barnes, W. L.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon subwavelength optics," Nature 424, 824-830 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Benkovic, S. J.

L. He, M. D. Musick, S. R. Nicewarner, F. G. Salinas, S. J. Benkovic, M. J. Natan, and C. D. Keating, "Colloidal Au-enhanced surface plasmon resonance for ultrasensitive detection of DNA hybridization," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122, 9071-9077 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Brückner, T.

S. Kubitschko, J. Spinke, T. Brückner, S. Pohl, and N. Oranth, "Sensitivity enhancement of optical immunosensors with nanoparticles," Anal. Biochem. 253, 112-122 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Bruns, R.

R. Bruns and H. Raether, "Plasma resonance radiation from non-radiative plasmons," Z. Physik 237, 98-106 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Byun, K. M.

Calle, A.

Cesario, J.

Cha, S.

E. Hutter, S. Cha, J-F. Liu, J. Park, J. Yi, J. H. Fendler, and D. Roy, "Role of substrate metal in gold nanoparticle enhanced surface plasmon resonance imaging," J. Phys. Chem. B 105, 8-12 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Chegal, W.

H. M. Cho, W. Chegal, Y. J. Cho, Y. Kim, and H. Kim, "Enhancement of biomolecular detection sensitivity by surface plasmon resonance ellipsometry," Proc. SPIE 6008, 293-298 (2005).

Chen, S.-J.

Chien, F. C.

Cho, H. M.

H. M. Cho, W. Chegal, Y. J. Cho, Y. Kim, and H. Kim, "Enhancement of biomolecular detection sensitivity by surface plasmon resonance ellipsometry," Proc. SPIE 6008, 293-298 (2005).

Cho, Y. J.

H. M. Cho, W. Chegal, Y. J. Cho, Y. Kim, and H. Kim, "Enhancement of biomolecular detection sensitivity by surface plasmon resonance ellipsometry," Proc. SPIE 6008, 293-298 (2005).

Crouse, D.

Dereux, A.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon subwavelength optics," Nature 424, 824-830 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ebbesen, T. W.

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon subwavelength optics," Nature 424, 824-830 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays," Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Enoch, S.

Erni, D.

Fendler, J. H.

E. Hutter and J. H. Fendler, "Exploitation of localized surface plasmon resonance," Adv. Mater. 16, 1685-1706 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. Hutter, S. Cha, J-F. Liu, J. Park, J. Yi, J. H. Fendler, and D. Roy, "Role of substrate metal in gold nanoparticle enhanced surface plasmon resonance imaging," J. Phys. Chem. B 105, 8-12 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gaylord, T. K.

Geddes, G. D.

K. Aslan, J. R. Lakowicz, and G. D. Geddes, "Plasmon light scattering in biology and medicine: new sensing approaches, vision and perspectives," Curr. Opin. Chem. Biol. 9, 538-544 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Genzel, L.

L. Genzel, T. P. Martin, and U. Kreibig, "Dielectric function and plasma resonances of small metal particles," Z. Physik B21, 339-346 (1975).

Ghaemi, H. F.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays," Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Hafner, C.

Hane, K.

Y. Kanamori, K. Hane, H. Sai, and H. Yugami, "100 nm period silicon antireflection structures fabricated using a porous alumina membrane mask," Appl. Phys. 78, 142-143 (2001).

He, L.

L. He, M. D. Musick, S. R. Nicewarner, F. G. Salinas, S. J. Benkovic, M. J. Natan, and C. D. Keating, "Colloidal Au-enhanced surface plasmon resonance for ultrasensitive detection of DNA hybridization," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122, 9071-9077 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ho, H. P.

Hutter, E.

E. Hutter and J. H. Fendler, "Exploitation of localized surface plasmon resonance," Adv. Mater. 16, 1685-1706 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. Hutter, S. Cha, J-F. Liu, J. Park, J. Yi, J. H. Fendler, and D. Roy, "Role of substrate metal in gold nanoparticle enhanced surface plasmon resonance imaging," J. Phys. Chem. B 105, 8-12 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Jensen, T. R.

T. R. Jensen, L. Kelley, A. Lazarides, and G. C. Schatz, "Electrodynamics of noble metal nanoparticles and nanoparticle clusters," J. Cluster Sci. 10, 295-317 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kanamori, Y.

Y. Kanamori, K. Hane, H. Sai, and H. Yugami, "100 nm period silicon antireflection structures fabricated using a porous alumina membrane mask," Appl. Phys. 78, 142-143 (2001).

Keating, C. D.

L. He, M. D. Musick, S. R. Nicewarner, F. G. Salinas, S. J. Benkovic, M. J. Natan, and C. D. Keating, "Colloidal Au-enhanced surface plasmon resonance for ultrasensitive detection of DNA hybridization," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122, 9071-9077 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kelley, L.

T. R. Jensen, L. Kelley, A. Lazarides, and G. C. Schatz, "Electrodynamics of noble metal nanoparticles and nanoparticle clusters," J. Cluster Sci. 10, 295-317 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Kelly, K. L.

M. D. Malinsky, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, "Chain length dependence and sensing capabilities of the localized surface plasmon resonance of silver nanoparticles chemically modified with alkanethiol self-assembled monolayers," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 123, 1471-1482 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Keshavareddy, P.

Kim, D.

Kim, H.

H. M. Cho, W. Chegal, Y. J. Cho, Y. Kim, and H. Kim, "Enhancement of biomolecular detection sensitivity by surface plasmon resonance ellipsometry," Proc. SPIE 6008, 293-298 (2005).

Kim, S. J.

Kim, Y.

H. M. Cho, W. Chegal, Y. J. Cho, Y. Kim, and H. Kim, "Enhancement of biomolecular detection sensitivity by surface plasmon resonance ellipsometry," Proc. SPIE 6008, 293-298 (2005).

Kong, S. K.

Kreibig, U.

L. Genzel, T. P. Martin, and U. Kreibig, "Dielectric function and plasma resonances of small metal particles," Z. Physik B21, 339-346 (1975).

U. Kreibig, "Electronic properties of small silver particles: the optical constants and their temperature dependence," J. Phys. F Met. Phys.  4, 999-1014 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Kubitschko, S.

S. Kubitschko, J. Spinke, T. Brückner, S. Pohl, and N. Oranth, "Sensitivity enhancement of optical immunosensors with nanoparticles," Anal. Biochem. 253, 112-122 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Lakowicz, J. R.

K. Aslan, J. R. Lakowicz, and G. D. Geddes, "Plasmon light scattering in biology and medicine: new sensing approaches, vision and perspectives," Curr. Opin. Chem. Biol. 9, 538-544 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Law, W. C.

Lazarides, A.

T. R. Jensen, L. Kelley, A. Lazarides, and G. C. Schatz, "Electrodynamics of noble metal nanoparticles and nanoparticle clusters," J. Cluster Sci. 10, 295-317 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lechuga, L.

Lee, K. C.

Lermé, J.

J. Lermé, "Introduction of quantum finite-size effects in the Mie’s theory for a multilayered metal sphere in the dipolar approximation: application to free and matrix-embedded noble metal clusters," Eur. Phys. J. D 10, 265-277 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lezec, H. J.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays," Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Lin, C.

Lin, G. Y.

Lindblom, G.

Z. Salamon, G. Lindblom, L. Rilfors, K. Linde, and G. Tollin, "Interaction of phosphatidylserine synthase from E. coli with lipid bilayers: coupled plasmon-waveguide resonance spectroscopy studies," Biophys. J. 78, 1400-1412 (2000).

Linde, K.

Z. Salamon, G. Lindblom, L. Rilfors, K. Linde, and G. Tollin, "Interaction of phosphatidylserine synthase from E. coli with lipid bilayers: coupled plasmon-waveguide resonance spectroscopy studies," Biophys. J. 78, 1400-1412 (2000).

Liu, J-F.

E. Hutter, S. Cha, J-F. Liu, J. Park, J. Yi, J. H. Fendler, and D. Roy, "Role of substrate metal in gold nanoparticle enhanced surface plasmon resonance imaging," J. Phys. Chem. B 105, 8-12 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Liu, W-C.

Lyon, L. A.

L. A. Lyon, D. J. Pena, and M. J. Natan, "Surface plasmon resonance of Au colloid-modified Au films: Particle size dependence," J. Phys. Chem. B 103, 5826-5831 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Lyon, M. D. Musick, and M. J. Natan, "Colloidal Au-enhanced surface plasmon resonance immunosensing," Anal. Chem. 70, 5177-5183 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Malinsky, M. D.

M. D. Malinsky, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, "Chain length dependence and sensing capabilities of the localized surface plasmon resonance of silver nanoparticles chemically modified with alkanethiol self-assembled monolayers," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 123, 1471-1482 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Maradudin, A. A.

Martin, T. P.

L. Genzel, T. P. Martin, and U. Kreibig, "Dielectric function and plasma resonances of small metal particles," Z. Physik B21, 339-346 (1975).

McFarland, A. D.

A. D. McFarland and R. P. Van Duyne, "Single silver nanoparticles as real-time optical sensors with zeptomole sensitivity," Nano Lett. 3, 1057-1062 (2003).
[CrossRef]

McGurn, A. R.

Mendez, E. R.

Moharam, M. G.

Moon, S.

Moreno, E.

Musick, M. D.

L. He, M. D. Musick, S. R. Nicewarner, F. G. Salinas, S. J. Benkovic, M. J. Natan, and C. D. Keating, "Colloidal Au-enhanced surface plasmon resonance for ultrasensitive detection of DNA hybridization," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122, 9071-9077 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Lyon, M. D. Musick, and M. J. Natan, "Colloidal Au-enhanced surface plasmon resonance immunosensing," Anal. Chem. 70, 5177-5183 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Natan, M. J.

L. He, M. D. Musick, S. R. Nicewarner, F. G. Salinas, S. J. Benkovic, M. J. Natan, and C. D. Keating, "Colloidal Au-enhanced surface plasmon resonance for ultrasensitive detection of DNA hybridization," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122, 9071-9077 (2000).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Lyon, D. J. Pena, and M. J. Natan, "Surface plasmon resonance of Au colloid-modified Au films: Particle size dependence," J. Phys. Chem. B 103, 5826-5831 (1999).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Lyon, M. D. Musick, and M. J. Natan, "Colloidal Au-enhanced surface plasmon resonance immunosensing," Anal. Chem. 70, 5177-5183 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Nicewarner, S. R.

L. He, M. D. Musick, S. R. Nicewarner, F. G. Salinas, S. J. Benkovic, M. J. Natan, and C. D. Keating, "Colloidal Au-enhanced surface plasmon resonance for ultrasensitive detection of DNA hybridization," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122, 9071-9077 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Oranth, N.

S. Kubitschko, J. Spinke, T. Brückner, S. Pohl, and N. Oranth, "Sensitivity enhancement of optical immunosensors with nanoparticles," Anal. Biochem. 253, 112-122 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Park, J.

E. Hutter, S. Cha, J-F. Liu, J. Park, J. Yi, J. H. Fendler, and D. Roy, "Role of substrate metal in gold nanoparticle enhanced surface plasmon resonance imaging," J. Phys. Chem. B 105, 8-12 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pena, D. J.

L. A. Lyon, D. J. Pena, and M. J. Natan, "Surface plasmon resonance of Au colloid-modified Au films: Particle size dependence," J. Phys. Chem. B 103, 5826-5831 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Pockrand, I.

I. Pockrand and H. Raether, "Surface plasma oscillations in silver films with wavy surface profiles: a quantitative experimental study," Opt. Commun. 18, 395-399 (1976).
[CrossRef]

Pohl, S.

S. Kubitschko, J. Spinke, T. Brückner, S. Pohl, and N. Oranth, "Sensitivity enhancement of optical immunosensors with nanoparticles," Anal. Biochem. 253, 112-122 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Quidant, R.

Raether, H.

H. Raether, "Dispersion relation of surface plasmons on gold- and silver gratings," Opt. Commun. 42, 217-222 (1982).
[CrossRef]

I. Pockrand and H. Raether, "Surface plasma oscillations in silver films with wavy surface profiles: a quantitative experimental study," Opt. Commun. 18, 395-399 (1976).
[CrossRef]

R. Bruns and H. Raether, "Plasma resonance radiation from non-radiative plasmons," Z. Physik 237, 98-106 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Rilfors, L.

Z. Salamon, G. Lindblom, L. Rilfors, K. Linde, and G. Tollin, "Interaction of phosphatidylserine synthase from E. coli with lipid bilayers: coupled plasmon-waveguide resonance spectroscopy studies," Biophys. J. 78, 1400-1412 (2000).

Roy, D.

E. Hutter, S. Cha, J-F. Liu, J. Park, J. Yi, J. H. Fendler, and D. Roy, "Role of substrate metal in gold nanoparticle enhanced surface plasmon resonance imaging," J. Phys. Chem. B 105, 8-12 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Sai, H.

Y. Kanamori, K. Hane, H. Sai, and H. Yugami, "100 nm period silicon antireflection structures fabricated using a porous alumina membrane mask," Appl. Phys. 78, 142-143 (2001).

Salamon, Z.

Z. Salamon, G. Lindblom, L. Rilfors, K. Linde, and G. Tollin, "Interaction of phosphatidylserine synthase from E. coli with lipid bilayers: coupled plasmon-waveguide resonance spectroscopy studies," Biophys. J. 78, 1400-1412 (2000).

Salinas, F. G.

L. He, M. D. Musick, S. R. Nicewarner, F. G. Salinas, S. J. Benkovic, M. J. Natan, and C. D. Keating, "Colloidal Au-enhanced surface plasmon resonance for ultrasensitive detection of DNA hybridization," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122, 9071-9077 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Schatz, G. C.

M. D. Malinsky, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, "Chain length dependence and sensing capabilities of the localized surface plasmon resonance of silver nanoparticles chemically modified with alkanethiol self-assembled monolayers," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 123, 1471-1482 (2001).
[CrossRef]

T. R. Jensen, L. Kelley, A. Lazarides, and G. C. Schatz, "Electrodynamics of noble metal nanoparticles and nanoparticle clusters," J. Cluster Sci. 10, 295-317 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Sepúlveda, B.

Spinke, J.

S. Kubitschko, J. Spinke, T. Brückner, S. Pohl, and N. Oranth, "Sensitivity enhancement of optical immunosensors with nanoparticles," Anal. Biochem. 253, 112-122 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Sun, Y.

Y. Sun and Y. Xia, "Increased sensitivity of surface plasmon resonance of gold nanoshells compared to that of gold solid colloids in response to environmental changes," Anal. Chem. 74, 5297-5305 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Thio, T.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays," Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Tollin, G.

Z. Salamon, G. Lindblom, L. Rilfors, K. Linde, and G. Tollin, "Interaction of phosphatidylserine synthase from E. coli with lipid bilayers: coupled plasmon-waveguide resonance spectroscopy studies," Biophys. J. 78, 1400-1412 (2000).

Vahldieck, R.

Van Duyne, R. P.

A. D. McFarland and R. P. Van Duyne, "Single silver nanoparticles as real-time optical sensors with zeptomole sensitivity," Nano Lett. 3, 1057-1062 (2003).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Malinsky, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, "Chain length dependence and sensing capabilities of the localized surface plasmon resonance of silver nanoparticles chemically modified with alkanethiol self-assembled monolayers," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 123, 1471-1482 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Wolff, P. A.

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays," Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Wu, S. Y.

Xia, Y.

Y. Sun and Y. Xia, "Increased sensitivity of surface plasmon resonance of gold nanoshells compared to that of gold solid colloids in response to environmental changes," Anal. Chem. 74, 5297-5305 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Yi, J.

E. Hutter, S. Cha, J-F. Liu, J. Park, J. Yi, J. H. Fendler, and D. Roy, "Role of substrate metal in gold nanoparticle enhanced surface plasmon resonance imaging," J. Phys. Chem. B 105, 8-12 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yugami, H.

Y. Kanamori, K. Hane, H. Sai, and H. Yugami, "100 nm period silicon antireflection structures fabricated using a porous alumina membrane mask," Appl. Phys. 78, 142-143 (2001).

Adv. Mater. (1)

E. Hutter and J. H. Fendler, "Exploitation of localized surface plasmon resonance," Adv. Mater. 16, 1685-1706 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Anal. Biochem. (1)

S. Kubitschko, J. Spinke, T. Brückner, S. Pohl, and N. Oranth, "Sensitivity enhancement of optical immunosensors with nanoparticles," Anal. Biochem. 253, 112-122 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Anal. Chem. (2)

Y. Sun and Y. Xia, "Increased sensitivity of surface plasmon resonance of gold nanoshells compared to that of gold solid colloids in response to environmental changes," Anal. Chem. 74, 5297-5305 (2002).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Lyon, M. D. Musick, and M. J. Natan, "Colloidal Au-enhanced surface plasmon resonance immunosensing," Anal. Chem. 70, 5177-5183 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. (1)

Y. Kanamori, K. Hane, H. Sai, and H. Yugami, "100 nm period silicon antireflection structures fabricated using a porous alumina membrane mask," Appl. Phys. 78, 142-143 (2001).

Biophys. J. (1)

Z. Salamon, G. Lindblom, L. Rilfors, K. Linde, and G. Tollin, "Interaction of phosphatidylserine synthase from E. coli with lipid bilayers: coupled plasmon-waveguide resonance spectroscopy studies," Biophys. J. 78, 1400-1412 (2000).

Curr. Opin. Chem. Biol. (1)

K. Aslan, J. R. Lakowicz, and G. D. Geddes, "Plasmon light scattering in biology and medicine: new sensing approaches, vision and perspectives," Curr. Opin. Chem. Biol. 9, 538-544 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Eur. Phys. J. D (1)

J. Lermé, "Introduction of quantum finite-size effects in the Mie’s theory for a multilayered metal sphere in the dipolar approximation: application to free and matrix-embedded noble metal clusters," Eur. Phys. J. D 10, 265-277 (2000).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Chem. Soc. (2)

L. He, M. D. Musick, S. R. Nicewarner, F. G. Salinas, S. J. Benkovic, M. J. Natan, and C. D. Keating, "Colloidal Au-enhanced surface plasmon resonance for ultrasensitive detection of DNA hybridization," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 122, 9071-9077 (2000).
[CrossRef]

M. D. Malinsky, K. L. Kelly, G. C. Schatz, and R. P. Van Duyne, "Chain length dependence and sensing capabilities of the localized surface plasmon resonance of silver nanoparticles chemically modified with alkanethiol self-assembled monolayers," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 123, 1471-1482 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Cluster Sci. (1)

T. R. Jensen, L. Kelley, A. Lazarides, and G. C. Schatz, "Electrodynamics of noble metal nanoparticles and nanoparticle clusters," J. Cluster Sci. 10, 295-317 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. A (5)

J. Phys. Chem. B (2)

E. Hutter, S. Cha, J-F. Liu, J. Park, J. Yi, J. H. Fendler, and D. Roy, "Role of substrate metal in gold nanoparticle enhanced surface plasmon resonance imaging," J. Phys. Chem. B 105, 8-12 (2001).
[CrossRef]

L. A. Lyon, D. J. Pena, and M. J. Natan, "Surface plasmon resonance of Au colloid-modified Au films: Particle size dependence," J. Phys. Chem. B 103, 5826-5831 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. F (1)

U. Kreibig, "Electronic properties of small silver particles: the optical constants and their temperature dependence," J. Phys. F Met. Phys.  4, 999-1014 (1974).
[CrossRef]

Nano Lett. (1)

A. D. McFarland and R. P. Van Duyne, "Single silver nanoparticles as real-time optical sensors with zeptomole sensitivity," Nano Lett. 3, 1057-1062 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nature (2)

W. L. Barnes, A. Dereux, and T. W. Ebbesen, "Surface plasmon subwavelength optics," Nature 424, 824-830 (2003).
[CrossRef]

T. W. Ebbesen, H. J. Lezec, H. F. Ghaemi, T. Thio, and P. A. Wolff, "Extraordinary optical transmission through sub-wavelength hole arrays," Nature 391, 667-669 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (2)

I. Pockrand and H. Raether, "Surface plasma oscillations in silver films with wavy surface profiles: a quantitative experimental study," Opt. Commun. 18, 395-399 (1976).
[CrossRef]

H. Raether, "Dispersion relation of surface plasmons on gold- and silver gratings," Opt. Commun. 42, 217-222 (1982).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express (3)

Opt. Lett. (4)

Proc. SPIE (1)

H. M. Cho, W. Chegal, Y. J. Cho, Y. Kim, and H. Kim, "Enhancement of biomolecular detection sensitivity by surface plasmon resonance ellipsometry," Proc. SPIE 6008, 293-298 (2005).

Sens. Actuators B (1)

K. M. Byun, D. Kim, and S. J. Kim, "Investigation of the profile effect on the sensitivity enhancement of nanowire-mediated localized surface plasmon resonance biosensors," Sens. Actuators B 117, 401-407 (2006).
[CrossRef]

Z. Physik (2)

L. Genzel, T. P. Martin, and U. Kreibig, "Dielectric function and plasma resonances of small metal particles," Z. Physik B21, 339-346 (1975).

R. Bruns and H. Raether, "Plasma resonance radiation from non-radiative plasmons," Z. Physik 237, 98-106 (1970).
[CrossRef]

Other (4)

H. Raether, Surface Plasmon on Smooth and Rough Surfaces and on Gratings (Springer-Verlag, Berlin, Germany, 1988) Chap. 2.

E. D. Palik, Handbook of Optical Constants of Solids (Academic Press, Orlando, FL, U. S. A., 1985).

P. Liu, EM Explorer, http://www.emexplorer.net.

C. F. Bohren and D. R. Huffman, Absorption and Scattering of Light by Small Particles (Wiley-VCH, Weinheim, Germany, 1983) Chap. 12.

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