Abstract

In this work, we analyzed by means of numerical and laboratory experiments the resilience of 40 Gb/s amplitude shift keying modulation formats to transmission impairments in standard single-mode fiber lines as well as to optical filtering introduced by the optical add/drop multiplexer cascade. Our study is a pre-requisite to assess the implementation of cost-effective 40 Gb/s modulation technology in next generation high bit-rate robust optical transport networks.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

Full Article  |  PDF Article

References

  • View by:
  • |
  • |
  • |

  1. “Mintera achieves record ultra long haul transmission distance at 40 Gb/s”, March 2002; “Migrating to 40-Gbit/sec DWDM networks,” FibreSystems Europe, September 2002, http://www.mintera.com.
  2. “Lucent Technologies ships its new, industry-leading optical system - LambdaXtreme™ transport - to Deutsche Telekom,” Lucent press releas, March 2002; “Lambdaxtreme™ Transport successfully completes field trial in Deutsche Telekom network,” Lucent press release, July 2002, http://www.lucent.com.
  3. “MCI, Xtera, Mintera, and Juniper Networks Show High-Bandwidth Optical Technology Capable of Reaching Farther Distances over Existing Fiber Networks,” FibreSystems Europe, December 2005, http://www.mintera.com.
  4. “40G moves back onto the agenda,” FibreSystems Europe, May 2004, http://www.strataligtht.com.
  5. H. Bissessur, C. Bresson, J. Hébert, J.P. Soigné, R. Bouchenot, C. Bastide, M. Bénomar, A. Hugbart, and S. Ruggeri, “Transmission of 40×43 Gb/s over 2540 km of SMF with terrestrial 100-km spans using NRZ format,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper FN3.
  6. A.H Gnauck, X. Liu, X. Wei, D.M. Gill, and E.C. Burrows, “Comparison of modulation format for 42.7 Gbit/s single-channel transmission through 1980 km of SSMF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 909–911 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D.F. Grosz, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D.N. Maywar, and A.P. Küng, “All-Raman Ultralong-haul singlewideband DWDM transmission systems with OADM capability,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 423–432 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  8. A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, and S. ChandrasekharHybrid 10/40-G Transmission on a 50-GHz Grid Through 2800 km of SSMF and Seven Optical Add-Drops,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2203–2205 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  9. CS-TDCM tuneable dispersion compensation module data sheet, http://www.teraxion.com.
  10. M. O’Sullivan, “Electronic dispersion compensation technique for optical communication systems,” in Proeedings ECOC 2005, Glasgow, Scotland, 2005, paper Tu3.2.1. J.P. Elbers, H. Wernz, H. Griesser, C. Glingener, A. Faerbert, S. Langenbach, N. Stojanovic, C. Dorschky, T. Kupfer, C. Schulien, “Measurement of the dispersion tolerance of optical duobinary with an MLSE receiver at 10.7 Gb/s,” in Proceedings OFC 2005, CA, USA, 2005, paper OThJ4.
  11. G. Charlet, P. Tran, H. Mardoyan, M. Lefrançois, T. Fauconnier, and S. Bigo,“151×43 Gbit/s Transmission over 4880 km based on RZ-DQPSK,” in Proc. ECOC 2005, Glasgow, Scotland, 2005, paper Th4.1.4.
  12. Specialty photonics products overview, Rightwave EWBDK-C data sheet, http://www.ofs.dk.
  13. E. Pincemin, D. Grot, C. Borsier, J.D. Ania-Castañón, and S.K. Turitsyn, “Impact of the fiber type and dispersion management on the performance of an NRZ 16×40 Gbit/s DWDM transmission system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2362–2364 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  14. A. Mecozzi, C.B. Clausen, M. Shtaif, S. G. Park, and A. H. Gnauck, “Cancellation of timing and amplitude jitter in symmetric links using highly dispersed pulses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 445–447 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  15. W. Idler, A. Klekamp, and R. Dischler, “System performance and tolerances of 43 DPSK modulation formats,” in Proceedings ECOC 2003, Rimini, Italy, 2003, paper Th2.6.3.
  16. A. Klekamp, R. Dischler, and W. Idler, “Impairments of bit-to-bit alternate-polarization on non-linear threshold, CD and DGD tolerance of 43 Gbit/s ASK and DPSK formats,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OFN3.
  17. R. Dischler, A. Klekamp, J. Lazaro, and W. Idler, “Experimental comparison of non linear threshold and optimum pre dispersion of 43 Gbit/s ASK and DPSK formats,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper TuF4.
  18. A. Klekamp, R. Dischler, and W. Idler, “A comparison of 43 Gbit/s ASK and DPSK modulation formats regarding system performance and tolerances,” in Proceedings ITG Fachtagung Photonische Netze, Germany, 2005, paper 26.
  19. F. An, M. Marhic, L. Kazovsky, Y. Akasaka, D. Harris, and R. Huang, “Comparison of linear fiber impairments tolerance among 40 Gbit/s modulation formats,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper FE2.
  20. P. Pecci, S. Lanne, Y. Frignac, J.C. Antona, G. Charlet, and S. Bigo, “Tolerance to dispersion compensation parameters of six modulation formats in systems operating at 43 Gbit/s,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1844–1846 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  21. XPRV2021 data sheet, http://www.u2t.de; DSCR404 data sheet, http://www.chipsat.com.
  22. G. Castañón, O. Vassilieva, S. Choudhary, and T. Hoshida, “Requirements of filter characteristics for 40 Gbit/s-based DWDM systems,” in Proceedings ECOC 2001, Amsterdam, Nederlands, 2001, paper Mo.F.3.5.
  23. A. Hodzic, M. Winter, B. Konrad, S. Randel, and K. Petermann, “Optimized filtering for 40-Gbit/s/ch-based DWDM transmission systems over standard single-mode fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1002–1004 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  24. G. Bosco, A. Carena, V. Curri, R. Gaudino, and P. Poggiolini, “On the use of NRZ, RZ, and CSRZ modulation at 40 Gbit/s with narrow DWDM channel spacing,” J. Lightwave Technol.,  20, No.9, pp 1694–1704 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  25. C. Xie, L. Möller, H. Haunstein, and S. Hunsche, “Comparison of system tolerance to polarization mode dispersion between different modulation formats,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1168–1170 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  26. A.H. Gnauck, P. Winzer, and S. Chandrasekhar, “Hybrid 10/40 G transmission on a 50-GHz ITU grid through 2800 km of SSMF and seven optical add-drops,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2203–2205 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  27. A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, S. Chandrasekhar, and C. Dorrer, “Spectrally efficient (0.8 b/s/Hz) 1-Tb/s (25_42.7 Gb/s) RZ-DQPSK transmission over 28 100-km SSMF spans with 7 optical add/drops,” in Proceedings ECOC 2004, Stockholm, Sweden, 2004, Postdeadline paper Th4.4.1.
  28. A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. F. Grosz, A. P. Kung, D. N. Maywar, and T. H. Wood, “Ultralong-haul transmission of 40-Gb/s RZ-DPSK in a 10/40 G hybrid system over 2500 km of NZ-DSF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1779–1781 (2003).
    [CrossRef]

2005 (2)

A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, and S. ChandrasekharHybrid 10/40-G Transmission on a 50-GHz Grid Through 2800 km of SSMF and Seven Optical Add-Drops,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2203–2205 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A.H. Gnauck, P. Winzer, and S. Chandrasekhar, “Hybrid 10/40 G transmission on a 50-GHz ITU grid through 2800 km of SSMF and seven optical add-drops,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2203–2205 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

E. Pincemin, D. Grot, C. Borsier, J.D. Ania-Castañón, and S.K. Turitsyn, “Impact of the fiber type and dispersion management on the performance of an NRZ 16×40 Gbit/s DWDM transmission system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2362–2364 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A.H Gnauck, X. Liu, X. Wei, D.M. Gill, and E.C. Burrows, “Comparison of modulation format for 42.7 Gbit/s single-channel transmission through 1980 km of SSMF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 909–911 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D.F. Grosz, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D.N. Maywar, and A.P. Küng, “All-Raman Ultralong-haul singlewideband DWDM transmission systems with OADM capability,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 423–432 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (4)

A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. F. Grosz, A. P. Kung, D. N. Maywar, and T. H. Wood, “Ultralong-haul transmission of 40-Gb/s RZ-DPSK in a 10/40 G hybrid system over 2500 km of NZ-DSF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1779–1781 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Pecci, S. Lanne, Y. Frignac, J.C. Antona, G. Charlet, and S. Bigo, “Tolerance to dispersion compensation parameters of six modulation formats in systems operating at 43 Gbit/s,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1844–1846 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Hodzic, M. Winter, B. Konrad, S. Randel, and K. Petermann, “Optimized filtering for 40-Gbit/s/ch-based DWDM transmission systems over standard single-mode fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1002–1004 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Xie, L. Möller, H. Haunstein, and S. Hunsche, “Comparison of system tolerance to polarization mode dispersion between different modulation formats,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1168–1170 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

A. Mecozzi, C.B. Clausen, M. Shtaif, S. G. Park, and A. H. Gnauck, “Cancellation of timing and amplitude jitter in symmetric links using highly dispersed pulses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 445–447 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Agarwal, A.

D.F. Grosz, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D.N. Maywar, and A.P. Küng, “All-Raman Ultralong-haul singlewideband DWDM transmission systems with OADM capability,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 423–432 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. F. Grosz, A. P. Kung, D. N. Maywar, and T. H. Wood, “Ultralong-haul transmission of 40-Gb/s RZ-DPSK in a 10/40 G hybrid system over 2500 km of NZ-DSF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1779–1781 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Akasaka, Y.

F. An, M. Marhic, L. Kazovsky, Y. Akasaka, D. Harris, and R. Huang, “Comparison of linear fiber impairments tolerance among 40 Gbit/s modulation formats,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper FE2.

An, F.

F. An, M. Marhic, L. Kazovsky, Y. Akasaka, D. Harris, and R. Huang, “Comparison of linear fiber impairments tolerance among 40 Gbit/s modulation formats,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper FE2.

Ania-Castañón, J.D.

E. Pincemin, D. Grot, C. Borsier, J.D. Ania-Castañón, and S.K. Turitsyn, “Impact of the fiber type and dispersion management on the performance of an NRZ 16×40 Gbit/s DWDM transmission system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2362–2364 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Antona, J.C.

P. Pecci, S. Lanne, Y. Frignac, J.C. Antona, G. Charlet, and S. Bigo, “Tolerance to dispersion compensation parameters of six modulation formats in systems operating at 43 Gbit/s,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1844–1846 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Banerjee, S.

D.F. Grosz, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D.N. Maywar, and A.P. Küng, “All-Raman Ultralong-haul singlewideband DWDM transmission systems with OADM capability,” J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 423–432 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. F. Grosz, A. P. Kung, D. N. Maywar, and T. H. Wood, “Ultralong-haul transmission of 40-Gb/s RZ-DPSK in a 10/40 G hybrid system over 2500 km of NZ-DSF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1779–1781 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bastide, C.

H. Bissessur, C. Bresson, J. Hébert, J.P. Soigné, R. Bouchenot, C. Bastide, M. Bénomar, A. Hugbart, and S. Ruggeri, “Transmission of 40×43 Gb/s over 2540 km of SMF with terrestrial 100-km spans using NRZ format,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper FN3.

Bénomar, M.

H. Bissessur, C. Bresson, J. Hébert, J.P. Soigné, R. Bouchenot, C. Bastide, M. Bénomar, A. Hugbart, and S. Ruggeri, “Transmission of 40×43 Gb/s over 2540 km of SMF with terrestrial 100-km spans using NRZ format,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper FN3.

Bigo, S.

P. Pecci, S. Lanne, Y. Frignac, J.C. Antona, G. Charlet, and S. Bigo, “Tolerance to dispersion compensation parameters of six modulation formats in systems operating at 43 Gbit/s,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1844–1846 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Charlet, P. Tran, H. Mardoyan, M. Lefrançois, T. Fauconnier, and S. Bigo,“151×43 Gbit/s Transmission over 4880 km based on RZ-DQPSK,” in Proc. ECOC 2005, Glasgow, Scotland, 2005, paper Th4.1.4.

Bissessur, H.

H. Bissessur, C. Bresson, J. Hébert, J.P. Soigné, R. Bouchenot, C. Bastide, M. Bénomar, A. Hugbart, and S. Ruggeri, “Transmission of 40×43 Gb/s over 2540 km of SMF with terrestrial 100-km spans using NRZ format,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper FN3.

Borsier, C.

E. Pincemin, D. Grot, C. Borsier, J.D. Ania-Castañón, and S.K. Turitsyn, “Impact of the fiber type and dispersion management on the performance of an NRZ 16×40 Gbit/s DWDM transmission system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2362–2364 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bosco, G.

Bouchenot, R.

H. Bissessur, C. Bresson, J. Hébert, J.P. Soigné, R. Bouchenot, C. Bastide, M. Bénomar, A. Hugbart, and S. Ruggeri, “Transmission of 40×43 Gb/s over 2540 km of SMF with terrestrial 100-km spans using NRZ format,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper FN3.

Bresson, C.

H. Bissessur, C. Bresson, J. Hébert, J.P. Soigné, R. Bouchenot, C. Bastide, M. Bénomar, A. Hugbart, and S. Ruggeri, “Transmission of 40×43 Gb/s over 2540 km of SMF with terrestrial 100-km spans using NRZ format,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper FN3.

Burrows, E.C.

A.H Gnauck, X. Liu, X. Wei, D.M. Gill, and E.C. Burrows, “Comparison of modulation format for 42.7 Gbit/s single-channel transmission through 1980 km of SSMF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 909–911 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Carena, A.

Castañón, G.

G. Castañón, O. Vassilieva, S. Choudhary, and T. Hoshida, “Requirements of filter characteristics for 40 Gbit/s-based DWDM systems,” in Proceedings ECOC 2001, Amsterdam, Nederlands, 2001, paper Mo.F.3.5.

Chandrasekhar, S.

A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, and S. ChandrasekharHybrid 10/40-G Transmission on a 50-GHz Grid Through 2800 km of SSMF and Seven Optical Add-Drops,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2203–2205 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A.H. Gnauck, P. Winzer, and S. Chandrasekhar, “Hybrid 10/40 G transmission on a 50-GHz ITU grid through 2800 km of SSMF and seven optical add-drops,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2203–2205 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, S. Chandrasekhar, and C. Dorrer, “Spectrally efficient (0.8 b/s/Hz) 1-Tb/s (25_42.7 Gb/s) RZ-DQPSK transmission over 28 100-km SSMF spans with 7 optical add/drops,” in Proceedings ECOC 2004, Stockholm, Sweden, 2004, Postdeadline paper Th4.4.1.

Charlet, G.

P. Pecci, S. Lanne, Y. Frignac, J.C. Antona, G. Charlet, and S. Bigo, “Tolerance to dispersion compensation parameters of six modulation formats in systems operating at 43 Gbit/s,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1844–1846 (2003).
[CrossRef]

G. Charlet, P. Tran, H. Mardoyan, M. Lefrançois, T. Fauconnier, and S. Bigo,“151×43 Gbit/s Transmission over 4880 km based on RZ-DQPSK,” in Proc. ECOC 2005, Glasgow, Scotland, 2005, paper Th4.1.4.

Choudhary, S.

G. Castañón, O. Vassilieva, S. Choudhary, and T. Hoshida, “Requirements of filter characteristics for 40 Gbit/s-based DWDM systems,” in Proceedings ECOC 2001, Amsterdam, Nederlands, 2001, paper Mo.F.3.5.

Clausen, C.B.

A. Mecozzi, C.B. Clausen, M. Shtaif, S. G. Park, and A. H. Gnauck, “Cancellation of timing and amplitude jitter in symmetric links using highly dispersed pulses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 445–447 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Curri, V.

Dischler, R.

W. Idler, A. Klekamp, and R. Dischler, “System performance and tolerances of 43 DPSK modulation formats,” in Proceedings ECOC 2003, Rimini, Italy, 2003, paper Th2.6.3.

A. Klekamp, R. Dischler, and W. Idler, “Impairments of bit-to-bit alternate-polarization on non-linear threshold, CD and DGD tolerance of 43 Gbit/s ASK and DPSK formats,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OFN3.

R. Dischler, A. Klekamp, J. Lazaro, and W. Idler, “Experimental comparison of non linear threshold and optimum pre dispersion of 43 Gbit/s ASK and DPSK formats,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper TuF4.

A. Klekamp, R. Dischler, and W. Idler, “A comparison of 43 Gbit/s ASK and DPSK modulation formats regarding system performance and tolerances,” in Proceedings ITG Fachtagung Photonische Netze, Germany, 2005, paper 26.

Dorrer, C.

A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, S. Chandrasekhar, and C. Dorrer, “Spectrally efficient (0.8 b/s/Hz) 1-Tb/s (25_42.7 Gb/s) RZ-DQPSK transmission over 28 100-km SSMF spans with 7 optical add/drops,” in Proceedings ECOC 2004, Stockholm, Sweden, 2004, Postdeadline paper Th4.4.1.

Fauconnier, T.

G. Charlet, P. Tran, H. Mardoyan, M. Lefrançois, T. Fauconnier, and S. Bigo,“151×43 Gbit/s Transmission over 4880 km based on RZ-DQPSK,” in Proc. ECOC 2005, Glasgow, Scotland, 2005, paper Th4.1.4.

Frignac, Y.

P. Pecci, S. Lanne, Y. Frignac, J.C. Antona, G. Charlet, and S. Bigo, “Tolerance to dispersion compensation parameters of six modulation formats in systems operating at 43 Gbit/s,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1844–1846 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gaudino, R.

Gill, D.M.

A.H Gnauck, X. Liu, X. Wei, D.M. Gill, and E.C. Burrows, “Comparison of modulation format for 42.7 Gbit/s single-channel transmission through 1980 km of SSMF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 909–911 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gnauck, A. H.

A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, and S. ChandrasekharHybrid 10/40-G Transmission on a 50-GHz Grid Through 2800 km of SSMF and Seven Optical Add-Drops,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2203–2205 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Mecozzi, C.B. Clausen, M. Shtaif, S. G. Park, and A. H. Gnauck, “Cancellation of timing and amplitude jitter in symmetric links using highly dispersed pulses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 445–447 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, S. Chandrasekhar, and C. Dorrer, “Spectrally efficient (0.8 b/s/Hz) 1-Tb/s (25_42.7 Gb/s) RZ-DQPSK transmission over 28 100-km SSMF spans with 7 optical add/drops,” in Proceedings ECOC 2004, Stockholm, Sweden, 2004, Postdeadline paper Th4.4.1.

Gnauck, A.H

A.H Gnauck, X. Liu, X. Wei, D.M. Gill, and E.C. Burrows, “Comparison of modulation format for 42.7 Gbit/s single-channel transmission through 1980 km of SSMF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 909–911 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gnauck, A.H.

A.H. Gnauck, P. Winzer, and S. Chandrasekhar, “Hybrid 10/40 G transmission on a 50-GHz ITU grid through 2800 km of SSMF and seven optical add-drops,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2203–2205 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Grosz, D. F.

A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. F. Grosz, A. P. Kung, D. N. Maywar, and T. H. Wood, “Ultralong-haul transmission of 40-Gb/s RZ-DPSK in a 10/40 G hybrid system over 2500 km of NZ-DSF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1779–1781 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Grosz, D.F.

Grot, D.

E. Pincemin, D. Grot, C. Borsier, J.D. Ania-Castañón, and S.K. Turitsyn, “Impact of the fiber type and dispersion management on the performance of an NRZ 16×40 Gbit/s DWDM transmission system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2362–2364 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Harris, D.

F. An, M. Marhic, L. Kazovsky, Y. Akasaka, D. Harris, and R. Huang, “Comparison of linear fiber impairments tolerance among 40 Gbit/s modulation formats,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper FE2.

Haunstein, H.

C. Xie, L. Möller, H. Haunstein, and S. Hunsche, “Comparison of system tolerance to polarization mode dispersion between different modulation formats,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1168–1170 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hébert, J.

H. Bissessur, C. Bresson, J. Hébert, J.P. Soigné, R. Bouchenot, C. Bastide, M. Bénomar, A. Hugbart, and S. Ruggeri, “Transmission of 40×43 Gb/s over 2540 km of SMF with terrestrial 100-km spans using NRZ format,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper FN3.

Hodzic, A.

A. Hodzic, M. Winter, B. Konrad, S. Randel, and K. Petermann, “Optimized filtering for 40-Gbit/s/ch-based DWDM transmission systems over standard single-mode fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1002–1004 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hoshida, T.

G. Castañón, O. Vassilieva, S. Choudhary, and T. Hoshida, “Requirements of filter characteristics for 40 Gbit/s-based DWDM systems,” in Proceedings ECOC 2001, Amsterdam, Nederlands, 2001, paper Mo.F.3.5.

Huang, R.

F. An, M. Marhic, L. Kazovsky, Y. Akasaka, D. Harris, and R. Huang, “Comparison of linear fiber impairments tolerance among 40 Gbit/s modulation formats,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper FE2.

Hugbart, A.

H. Bissessur, C. Bresson, J. Hébert, J.P. Soigné, R. Bouchenot, C. Bastide, M. Bénomar, A. Hugbart, and S. Ruggeri, “Transmission of 40×43 Gb/s over 2540 km of SMF with terrestrial 100-km spans using NRZ format,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper FN3.

Hunsche, S.

C. Xie, L. Möller, H. Haunstein, and S. Hunsche, “Comparison of system tolerance to polarization mode dispersion between different modulation formats,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1168–1170 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Idler, W.

W. Idler, A. Klekamp, and R. Dischler, “System performance and tolerances of 43 DPSK modulation formats,” in Proceedings ECOC 2003, Rimini, Italy, 2003, paper Th2.6.3.

A. Klekamp, R. Dischler, and W. Idler, “A comparison of 43 Gbit/s ASK and DPSK modulation formats regarding system performance and tolerances,” in Proceedings ITG Fachtagung Photonische Netze, Germany, 2005, paper 26.

R. Dischler, A. Klekamp, J. Lazaro, and W. Idler, “Experimental comparison of non linear threshold and optimum pre dispersion of 43 Gbit/s ASK and DPSK formats,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper TuF4.

A. Klekamp, R. Dischler, and W. Idler, “Impairments of bit-to-bit alternate-polarization on non-linear threshold, CD and DGD tolerance of 43 Gbit/s ASK and DPSK formats,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OFN3.

Kazovsky, L.

F. An, M. Marhic, L. Kazovsky, Y. Akasaka, D. Harris, and R. Huang, “Comparison of linear fiber impairments tolerance among 40 Gbit/s modulation formats,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper FE2.

Klekamp, A.

R. Dischler, A. Klekamp, J. Lazaro, and W. Idler, “Experimental comparison of non linear threshold and optimum pre dispersion of 43 Gbit/s ASK and DPSK formats,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper TuF4.

A. Klekamp, R. Dischler, and W. Idler, “A comparison of 43 Gbit/s ASK and DPSK modulation formats regarding system performance and tolerances,” in Proceedings ITG Fachtagung Photonische Netze, Germany, 2005, paper 26.

W. Idler, A. Klekamp, and R. Dischler, “System performance and tolerances of 43 DPSK modulation formats,” in Proceedings ECOC 2003, Rimini, Italy, 2003, paper Th2.6.3.

A. Klekamp, R. Dischler, and W. Idler, “Impairments of bit-to-bit alternate-polarization on non-linear threshold, CD and DGD tolerance of 43 Gbit/s ASK and DPSK formats,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OFN3.

Konrad, B.

A. Hodzic, M. Winter, B. Konrad, S. Randel, and K. Petermann, “Optimized filtering for 40-Gbit/s/ch-based DWDM transmission systems over standard single-mode fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1002–1004 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kung, A. P.

A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. F. Grosz, A. P. Kung, D. N. Maywar, and T. H. Wood, “Ultralong-haul transmission of 40-Gb/s RZ-DPSK in a 10/40 G hybrid system over 2500 km of NZ-DSF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1779–1781 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Küng, A.P.

Lanne, S.

P. Pecci, S. Lanne, Y. Frignac, J.C. Antona, G. Charlet, and S. Bigo, “Tolerance to dispersion compensation parameters of six modulation formats in systems operating at 43 Gbit/s,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1844–1846 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Lazaro, J.

R. Dischler, A. Klekamp, J. Lazaro, and W. Idler, “Experimental comparison of non linear threshold and optimum pre dispersion of 43 Gbit/s ASK and DPSK formats,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper TuF4.

Lefrançois, M.

G. Charlet, P. Tran, H. Mardoyan, M. Lefrançois, T. Fauconnier, and S. Bigo,“151×43 Gbit/s Transmission over 4880 km based on RZ-DQPSK,” in Proc. ECOC 2005, Glasgow, Scotland, 2005, paper Th4.1.4.

Liu, X.

A.H Gnauck, X. Liu, X. Wei, D.M. Gill, and E.C. Burrows, “Comparison of modulation format for 42.7 Gbit/s single-channel transmission through 1980 km of SSMF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 909–911 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mardoyan, H.

G. Charlet, P. Tran, H. Mardoyan, M. Lefrançois, T. Fauconnier, and S. Bigo,“151×43 Gbit/s Transmission over 4880 km based on RZ-DQPSK,” in Proc. ECOC 2005, Glasgow, Scotland, 2005, paper Th4.1.4.

Marhic, M.

F. An, M. Marhic, L. Kazovsky, Y. Akasaka, D. Harris, and R. Huang, “Comparison of linear fiber impairments tolerance among 40 Gbit/s modulation formats,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper FE2.

Maywar, D. N.

A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. F. Grosz, A. P. Kung, D. N. Maywar, and T. H. Wood, “Ultralong-haul transmission of 40-Gb/s RZ-DPSK in a 10/40 G hybrid system over 2500 km of NZ-DSF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1779–1781 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Maywar, D.N.

Mecozzi, A.

A. Mecozzi, C.B. Clausen, M. Shtaif, S. G. Park, and A. H. Gnauck, “Cancellation of timing and amplitude jitter in symmetric links using highly dispersed pulses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 445–447 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Möller, L.

C. Xie, L. Möller, H. Haunstein, and S. Hunsche, “Comparison of system tolerance to polarization mode dispersion between different modulation formats,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1168–1170 (2003).
[CrossRef]

O’Sullivan, M.

M. O’Sullivan, “Electronic dispersion compensation technique for optical communication systems,” in Proeedings ECOC 2005, Glasgow, Scotland, 2005, paper Tu3.2.1. J.P. Elbers, H. Wernz, H. Griesser, C. Glingener, A. Faerbert, S. Langenbach, N. Stojanovic, C. Dorschky, T. Kupfer, C. Schulien, “Measurement of the dispersion tolerance of optical duobinary with an MLSE receiver at 10.7 Gb/s,” in Proceedings OFC 2005, CA, USA, 2005, paper OThJ4.

Park, S. G.

A. Mecozzi, C.B. Clausen, M. Shtaif, S. G. Park, and A. H. Gnauck, “Cancellation of timing and amplitude jitter in symmetric links using highly dispersed pulses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 445–447 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pecci, P.

P. Pecci, S. Lanne, Y. Frignac, J.C. Antona, G. Charlet, and S. Bigo, “Tolerance to dispersion compensation parameters of six modulation formats in systems operating at 43 Gbit/s,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1844–1846 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Petermann, K.

A. Hodzic, M. Winter, B. Konrad, S. Randel, and K. Petermann, “Optimized filtering for 40-Gbit/s/ch-based DWDM transmission systems over standard single-mode fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1002–1004 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pincemin, E.

E. Pincemin, D. Grot, C. Borsier, J.D. Ania-Castañón, and S.K. Turitsyn, “Impact of the fiber type and dispersion management on the performance of an NRZ 16×40 Gbit/s DWDM transmission system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2362–2364 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Poggiolini, P.

Randel, S.

A. Hodzic, M. Winter, B. Konrad, S. Randel, and K. Petermann, “Optimized filtering for 40-Gbit/s/ch-based DWDM transmission systems over standard single-mode fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1002–1004 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ruggeri, S.

H. Bissessur, C. Bresson, J. Hébert, J.P. Soigné, R. Bouchenot, C. Bastide, M. Bénomar, A. Hugbart, and S. Ruggeri, “Transmission of 40×43 Gb/s over 2540 km of SMF with terrestrial 100-km spans using NRZ format,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper FN3.

Shtaif, M.

A. Mecozzi, C.B. Clausen, M. Shtaif, S. G. Park, and A. H. Gnauck, “Cancellation of timing and amplitude jitter in symmetric links using highly dispersed pulses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 445–447 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Soigné, J.P.

H. Bissessur, C. Bresson, J. Hébert, J.P. Soigné, R. Bouchenot, C. Bastide, M. Bénomar, A. Hugbart, and S. Ruggeri, “Transmission of 40×43 Gb/s over 2540 km of SMF with terrestrial 100-km spans using NRZ format,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper FN3.

Tran, P.

G. Charlet, P. Tran, H. Mardoyan, M. Lefrançois, T. Fauconnier, and S. Bigo,“151×43 Gbit/s Transmission over 4880 km based on RZ-DQPSK,” in Proc. ECOC 2005, Glasgow, Scotland, 2005, paper Th4.1.4.

Turitsyn, S.K.

E. Pincemin, D. Grot, C. Borsier, J.D. Ania-Castañón, and S.K. Turitsyn, “Impact of the fiber type and dispersion management on the performance of an NRZ 16×40 Gbit/s DWDM transmission system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2362–2364 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Vassilieva, O.

G. Castañón, O. Vassilieva, S. Choudhary, and T. Hoshida, “Requirements of filter characteristics for 40 Gbit/s-based DWDM systems,” in Proceedings ECOC 2001, Amsterdam, Nederlands, 2001, paper Mo.F.3.5.

Wei, X.

A.H Gnauck, X. Liu, X. Wei, D.M. Gill, and E.C. Burrows, “Comparison of modulation format for 42.7 Gbit/s single-channel transmission through 1980 km of SSMF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 909–911 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Winter, M.

A. Hodzic, M. Winter, B. Konrad, S. Randel, and K. Petermann, “Optimized filtering for 40-Gbit/s/ch-based DWDM transmission systems over standard single-mode fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1002–1004 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Winzer, P.

A.H. Gnauck, P. Winzer, and S. Chandrasekhar, “Hybrid 10/40 G transmission on a 50-GHz ITU grid through 2800 km of SSMF and seven optical add-drops,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2203–2205 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Winzer, P. J.

A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, and S. ChandrasekharHybrid 10/40-G Transmission on a 50-GHz Grid Through 2800 km of SSMF and Seven Optical Add-Drops,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2203–2205 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, S. Chandrasekhar, and C. Dorrer, “Spectrally efficient (0.8 b/s/Hz) 1-Tb/s (25_42.7 Gb/s) RZ-DQPSK transmission over 28 100-km SSMF spans with 7 optical add/drops,” in Proceedings ECOC 2004, Stockholm, Sweden, 2004, Postdeadline paper Th4.4.1.

Wood, T. H.

A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. F. Grosz, A. P. Kung, D. N. Maywar, and T. H. Wood, “Ultralong-haul transmission of 40-Gb/s RZ-DPSK in a 10/40 G hybrid system over 2500 km of NZ-DSF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1779–1781 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Xie, C.

C. Xie, L. Möller, H. Haunstein, and S. Hunsche, “Comparison of system tolerance to polarization mode dispersion between different modulation formats,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1168–1170 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

P. Pecci, S. Lanne, Y. Frignac, J.C. Antona, G. Charlet, and S. Bigo, “Tolerance to dispersion compensation parameters of six modulation formats in systems operating at 43 Gbit/s,” Electron. Lett. 39, 1844–1846 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (8)

A.H Gnauck, X. Liu, X. Wei, D.M. Gill, and E.C. Burrows, “Comparison of modulation format for 42.7 Gbit/s single-channel transmission through 1980 km of SSMF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 909–911 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. Pincemin, D. Grot, C. Borsier, J.D. Ania-Castañón, and S.K. Turitsyn, “Impact of the fiber type and dispersion management on the performance of an NRZ 16×40 Gbit/s DWDM transmission system,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2362–2364 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Mecozzi, C.B. Clausen, M. Shtaif, S. G. Park, and A. H. Gnauck, “Cancellation of timing and amplitude jitter in symmetric links using highly dispersed pulses,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 445–447 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, and S. ChandrasekharHybrid 10/40-G Transmission on a 50-GHz Grid Through 2800 km of SSMF and Seven Optical Add-Drops,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2203–2205 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Hodzic, M. Winter, B. Konrad, S. Randel, and K. Petermann, “Optimized filtering for 40-Gbit/s/ch-based DWDM transmission systems over standard single-mode fiber,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1002–1004 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Xie, L. Möller, H. Haunstein, and S. Hunsche, “Comparison of system tolerance to polarization mode dispersion between different modulation formats,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1168–1170 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A.H. Gnauck, P. Winzer, and S. Chandrasekhar, “Hybrid 10/40 G transmission on a 50-GHz ITU grid through 2800 km of SSMF and seven optical add-drops,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2203–2205 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. F. Grosz, A. P. Kung, D. N. Maywar, and T. H. Wood, “Ultralong-haul transmission of 40-Gb/s RZ-DPSK in a 10/40 G hybrid system over 2500 km of NZ-DSF,” IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1779–1781 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Technol. (2)

Other (17)

XPRV2021 data sheet, http://www.u2t.de; DSCR404 data sheet, http://www.chipsat.com.

G. Castañón, O. Vassilieva, S. Choudhary, and T. Hoshida, “Requirements of filter characteristics for 40 Gbit/s-based DWDM systems,” in Proceedings ECOC 2001, Amsterdam, Nederlands, 2001, paper Mo.F.3.5.

W. Idler, A. Klekamp, and R. Dischler, “System performance and tolerances of 43 DPSK modulation formats,” in Proceedings ECOC 2003, Rimini, Italy, 2003, paper Th2.6.3.

A. Klekamp, R. Dischler, and W. Idler, “Impairments of bit-to-bit alternate-polarization on non-linear threshold, CD and DGD tolerance of 43 Gbit/s ASK and DPSK formats,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper OFN3.

R. Dischler, A. Klekamp, J. Lazaro, and W. Idler, “Experimental comparison of non linear threshold and optimum pre dispersion of 43 Gbit/s ASK and DPSK formats,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2004), paper TuF4.

A. Klekamp, R. Dischler, and W. Idler, “A comparison of 43 Gbit/s ASK and DPSK modulation formats regarding system performance and tolerances,” in Proceedings ITG Fachtagung Photonische Netze, Germany, 2005, paper 26.

F. An, M. Marhic, L. Kazovsky, Y. Akasaka, D. Harris, and R. Huang, “Comparison of linear fiber impairments tolerance among 40 Gbit/s modulation formats,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper FE2.

CS-TDCM tuneable dispersion compensation module data sheet, http://www.teraxion.com.

M. O’Sullivan, “Electronic dispersion compensation technique for optical communication systems,” in Proeedings ECOC 2005, Glasgow, Scotland, 2005, paper Tu3.2.1. J.P. Elbers, H. Wernz, H. Griesser, C. Glingener, A. Faerbert, S. Langenbach, N. Stojanovic, C. Dorschky, T. Kupfer, C. Schulien, “Measurement of the dispersion tolerance of optical duobinary with an MLSE receiver at 10.7 Gb/s,” in Proceedings OFC 2005, CA, USA, 2005, paper OThJ4.

G. Charlet, P. Tran, H. Mardoyan, M. Lefrançois, T. Fauconnier, and S. Bigo,“151×43 Gbit/s Transmission over 4880 km based on RZ-DQPSK,” in Proc. ECOC 2005, Glasgow, Scotland, 2005, paper Th4.1.4.

Specialty photonics products overview, Rightwave EWBDK-C data sheet, http://www.ofs.dk.

“Mintera achieves record ultra long haul transmission distance at 40 Gb/s”, March 2002; “Migrating to 40-Gbit/sec DWDM networks,” FibreSystems Europe, September 2002, http://www.mintera.com.

“Lucent Technologies ships its new, industry-leading optical system - LambdaXtreme™ transport - to Deutsche Telekom,” Lucent press releas, March 2002; “Lambdaxtreme™ Transport successfully completes field trial in Deutsche Telekom network,” Lucent press release, July 2002, http://www.lucent.com.

“MCI, Xtera, Mintera, and Juniper Networks Show High-Bandwidth Optical Technology Capable of Reaching Farther Distances over Existing Fiber Networks,” FibreSystems Europe, December 2005, http://www.mintera.com.

“40G moves back onto the agenda,” FibreSystems Europe, May 2004, http://www.strataligtht.com.

H. Bissessur, C. Bresson, J. Hébert, J.P. Soigné, R. Bouchenot, C. Bastide, M. Bénomar, A. Hugbart, and S. Ruggeri, “Transmission of 40×43 Gb/s over 2540 km of SMF with terrestrial 100-km spans using NRZ format,” in Optical Fiber Communication Conference, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2003), paper FN3.

A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, S. Chandrasekhar, and C. Dorrer, “Spectrally efficient (0.8 b/s/Hz) 1-Tb/s (25_42.7 Gb/s) RZ-DQPSK transmission over 28 100-km SSMF spans with 7 optical add/drops,” in Proceedings ECOC 2004, Stockholm, Sweden, 2004, Postdeadline paper Th4.4.1.

Cited By

OSA participates in CrossRef's Cited-By Linking service. Citing articles from OSA journals and other participating publishers are listed here.

Alert me when this article is cited.


Figures (10)

Fig 1.
Fig 1.

Schematic of the experimental set-up.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Temporal and spectral characterization of our transmitters: NRZ (top), CS-RZ (middle), 33% RZ (bottom).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Amplitude and group delay transfer function of the XTRACT square flat-top optical filter used in the receiver (blue curves) and of an ideal 100 GHz flat-top demultiplexer (red curves).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Dispersion map used in the experiment for the channel at 1550.12 nm.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Numerical simulation of Q-factor levels (in dB) vs. prechirp and signal average power (PS ), for NRZ (top), 33% RZ (middle) and CS-RZ (bottom) formats with 200 GHz channel spacing. Postchirp is adjusted for each prechirp value to obtain best performance.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

BER versus power per channel injected into SSMF spans (top), BER versus the receiver OSNR in back-to-back and after transmission (bottom), for the central channel at 1550.12 nm.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

OSNR penalty in 0.5 nm at fixed BER=10-9 versus residual CD (top), and DGD (bottom), for the central channel at 1550.12 nm.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Eye diagrams of the 33% RZ modulation format when DGD is null (left hand side) and equal to 12 ps (right hand side).

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

OSNR penalty in 0.5 nm at fixed BER=10-9 versus the 20-dB filter bandwidth (top) and detuning (bottom), for the central channel at 1550.12 nm. In insets, 33% RZ eye diagrams when the 20-dB filter bandwidth is set to 0.6 and 0.9 nm.

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

BER versus transmission distance for the NRZ, CS-RZ and 33% RZ modulation formats in various configurations: (a) without NLE and any MUX/DEMUX, (b) without NLE but with the XTRACT MUX/DEMUX (without GDR), (c) without NLE but with the XTRACT MUX/DEMUX (with GDR), (d) without NLE but with the ideal 100 GHz flat-top MUX/DEMUX, (e) with NLE but without any MUX/DEMUX, (f) with NLE and with the XTRACT MUX/DEMUX (with GDR).

Metrics