Abstract

In this work, we analyzed by means of numerical and laboratory experiments the resilience of 40 Gb/s amplitude shift keying modulation formats to transmission impairments in standard single-mode fiber lines as well as to optical filtering introduced by the optical add/drop multiplexer cascade. Our study is a pre-requisite to assess the implementation of cost-effective 40 Gb/s modulation technology in next generation high bit-rate robust optical transport networks.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
  27. A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, S. Chandrasekhar, and C. Dorrer, "Spectrally efficient (0.8 b/s/Hz) 1-Tb/s (25_42.7 Gb/s) RZ-DQPSK transmission over 28 100-km SSMF spans with 7 optical add/drops," in Proceedings ECOC 2004, Stockholm, Sweden, 2004, Postdeadline paper Th4.4.1.
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    [CrossRef]

2005 (2)

A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, S. Chandrasekhar Hybrid10/40-G Transmission on a 50-GHz Grid Through 2800 km of SSMF and Seven Optical Add-Drops," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2203-2205 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A.H. Gnauck, P. Winzer, S. Chandrasekhar, "Hybrid 10/40 G transmission on a 50-GHz ITU grid through 2800 km of SSMF and seven optical add-drops," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2203-2205 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

E. Pincemin, D. Grot, C. Borsier, J.D. Ania-Castañón, S.K. Turitsyn, "Impact of the fiber type and dispersion management on the performance of an NRZ 16x40 Gbit/s DWDM transmission system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2362-2364 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A.H Gnauck, X. Liu, X. Wei, D.M. Gill, E.C. Burrows, "Comparison of modulation format for 42.7 Gbit/s single-channel transmission through 1980 km of SSMF," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 909-911 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D.F. Grosz, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D.N. Maywar, A.P. Küng, "All-Raman Ultralong-haul single-wideband DWDM transmission systems with OADM capability," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 423-432 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003 (4)

A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. F. Grosz, A. P. Kung, D. N. Maywar, and T. H. Wood, "Ultralong-haul transmission of 40-Gb/s RZ-DPSK in a 10/40 G hybrid system over 2500 km of NZ-DSF," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1779-1781 (2003).
[CrossRef]

P. Pecci, S. Lanne, Y. Frignac, J.C. Antona, G. Charlet, S. Bigo, "Tolerance to dispersion compensation parameters of six modulation formats in systems operating at 43 Gbit/s," Electron. Lett. 39, 1844-1846 (2003).
[CrossRef]

A. Hodzic, M. Winter, B. Konrad, S. Randel, K. Petermann, "Optimized filtering for 40-Gbit/s/ch-based DWDM transmission systems over standard single-mode fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1002-1004 (2003).
[CrossRef]

C. Xie, L. Möller, H. Haunstein, S. Hunsche, "Comparison of system tolerance to polarization mode dispersion between different modulation formats," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1168-1170 (2003).
[CrossRef]

2002 (1)

2001 (1)

A. Mecozzi, C.B. Clausen, M. Shtaif, S. G. Park, A. H. Gnauck, "Cancellation of timing and amplitude jitter in symmetric links using highly dispersed pulses," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 445-447 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Agarwal, A.

D.F. Grosz, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D.N. Maywar, A.P. Küng, "All-Raman Ultralong-haul single-wideband DWDM transmission systems with OADM capability," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 423-432 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. F. Grosz, A. P. Kung, D. N. Maywar, and T. H. Wood, "Ultralong-haul transmission of 40-Gb/s RZ-DPSK in a 10/40 G hybrid system over 2500 km of NZ-DSF," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1779-1781 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Ania-Castañón, J.D.

E. Pincemin, D. Grot, C. Borsier, J.D. Ania-Castañón, S.K. Turitsyn, "Impact of the fiber type and dispersion management on the performance of an NRZ 16x40 Gbit/s DWDM transmission system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2362-2364 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Antona, J.C.

P. Pecci, S. Lanne, Y. Frignac, J.C. Antona, G. Charlet, S. Bigo, "Tolerance to dispersion compensation parameters of six modulation formats in systems operating at 43 Gbit/s," Electron. Lett. 39, 1844-1846 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Banerjee, S.

D.F. Grosz, A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D.N. Maywar, A.P. Küng, "All-Raman Ultralong-haul single-wideband DWDM transmission systems with OADM capability," J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 423-432 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. F. Grosz, A. P. Kung, D. N. Maywar, and T. H. Wood, "Ultralong-haul transmission of 40-Gb/s RZ-DPSK in a 10/40 G hybrid system over 2500 km of NZ-DSF," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1779-1781 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Bigo, S.

P. Pecci, S. Lanne, Y. Frignac, J.C. Antona, G. Charlet, S. Bigo, "Tolerance to dispersion compensation parameters of six modulation formats in systems operating at 43 Gbit/s," Electron. Lett. 39, 1844-1846 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Borsier, C.

E. Pincemin, D. Grot, C. Borsier, J.D. Ania-Castañón, S.K. Turitsyn, "Impact of the fiber type and dispersion management on the performance of an NRZ 16x40 Gbit/s DWDM transmission system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2362-2364 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Bosco, G.

Burrows, E.C.

A.H Gnauck, X. Liu, X. Wei, D.M. Gill, E.C. Burrows, "Comparison of modulation format for 42.7 Gbit/s single-channel transmission through 1980 km of SSMF," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 909-911 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Carena, A.

Chandrasekhar, S.

A.H. Gnauck, P. Winzer, S. Chandrasekhar, "Hybrid 10/40 G transmission on a 50-GHz ITU grid through 2800 km of SSMF and seven optical add-drops," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2203-2205 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Chandrasekhar Hybrid, S.

A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, S. Chandrasekhar Hybrid10/40-G Transmission on a 50-GHz Grid Through 2800 km of SSMF and Seven Optical Add-Drops," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2203-2205 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Charlet, G.

P. Pecci, S. Lanne, Y. Frignac, J.C. Antona, G. Charlet, S. Bigo, "Tolerance to dispersion compensation parameters of six modulation formats in systems operating at 43 Gbit/s," Electron. Lett. 39, 1844-1846 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Clausen, C.B.

A. Mecozzi, C.B. Clausen, M. Shtaif, S. G. Park, A. H. Gnauck, "Cancellation of timing and amplitude jitter in symmetric links using highly dispersed pulses," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 445-447 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Curri, V.

Frignac, Y.

P. Pecci, S. Lanne, Y. Frignac, J.C. Antona, G. Charlet, S. Bigo, "Tolerance to dispersion compensation parameters of six modulation formats in systems operating at 43 Gbit/s," Electron. Lett. 39, 1844-1846 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gill, D.M.

A.H Gnauck, X. Liu, X. Wei, D.M. Gill, E.C. Burrows, "Comparison of modulation format for 42.7 Gbit/s single-channel transmission through 1980 km of SSMF," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 909-911 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gnauck, A. H.

A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, S. Chandrasekhar Hybrid10/40-G Transmission on a 50-GHz Grid Through 2800 km of SSMF and Seven Optical Add-Drops," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2203-2205 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Mecozzi, C.B. Clausen, M. Shtaif, S. G. Park, A. H. Gnauck, "Cancellation of timing and amplitude jitter in symmetric links using highly dispersed pulses," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 445-447 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Gnauck, A.H

A.H Gnauck, X. Liu, X. Wei, D.M. Gill, E.C. Burrows, "Comparison of modulation format for 42.7 Gbit/s single-channel transmission through 1980 km of SSMF," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 909-911 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Gnauck, A.H.

A.H. Gnauck, P. Winzer, S. Chandrasekhar, "Hybrid 10/40 G transmission on a 50-GHz ITU grid through 2800 km of SSMF and seven optical add-drops," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2203-2205 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Grosz, D. F.

A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. F. Grosz, A. P. Kung, D. N. Maywar, and T. H. Wood, "Ultralong-haul transmission of 40-Gb/s RZ-DPSK in a 10/40 G hybrid system over 2500 km of NZ-DSF," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1779-1781 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Grosz, D.F.

Grot, D.

E. Pincemin, D. Grot, C. Borsier, J.D. Ania-Castañón, S.K. Turitsyn, "Impact of the fiber type and dispersion management on the performance of an NRZ 16x40 Gbit/s DWDM transmission system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2362-2364 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Haunstein, H.

C. Xie, L. Möller, H. Haunstein, S. Hunsche, "Comparison of system tolerance to polarization mode dispersion between different modulation formats," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1168-1170 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hodzic, A.

A. Hodzic, M. Winter, B. Konrad, S. Randel, K. Petermann, "Optimized filtering for 40-Gbit/s/ch-based DWDM transmission systems over standard single-mode fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1002-1004 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Hunsche, S.

C. Xie, L. Möller, H. Haunstein, S. Hunsche, "Comparison of system tolerance to polarization mode dispersion between different modulation formats," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1168-1170 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Konrad, B.

A. Hodzic, M. Winter, B. Konrad, S. Randel, K. Petermann, "Optimized filtering for 40-Gbit/s/ch-based DWDM transmission systems over standard single-mode fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1002-1004 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Kung, A. P.

A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. F. Grosz, A. P. Kung, D. N. Maywar, and T. H. Wood, "Ultralong-haul transmission of 40-Gb/s RZ-DPSK in a 10/40 G hybrid system over 2500 km of NZ-DSF," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1779-1781 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Küng, A.P.

Lanne, S.

P. Pecci, S. Lanne, Y. Frignac, J.C. Antona, G. Charlet, S. Bigo, "Tolerance to dispersion compensation parameters of six modulation formats in systems operating at 43 Gbit/s," Electron. Lett. 39, 1844-1846 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Liu, X.

A.H Gnauck, X. Liu, X. Wei, D.M. Gill, E.C. Burrows, "Comparison of modulation format for 42.7 Gbit/s single-channel transmission through 1980 km of SSMF," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 909-911 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Maywar, D. N.

A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. F. Grosz, A. P. Kung, D. N. Maywar, and T. H. Wood, "Ultralong-haul transmission of 40-Gb/s RZ-DPSK in a 10/40 G hybrid system over 2500 km of NZ-DSF," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1779-1781 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Maywar, D.N.

Mecozzi, A.

A. Mecozzi, C.B. Clausen, M. Shtaif, S. G. Park, A. H. Gnauck, "Cancellation of timing and amplitude jitter in symmetric links using highly dispersed pulses," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 445-447 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Möller, L.

C. Xie, L. Möller, H. Haunstein, S. Hunsche, "Comparison of system tolerance to polarization mode dispersion between different modulation formats," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1168-1170 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Park, S. G.

A. Mecozzi, C.B. Clausen, M. Shtaif, S. G. Park, A. H. Gnauck, "Cancellation of timing and amplitude jitter in symmetric links using highly dispersed pulses," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 445-447 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Pecci, P.

P. Pecci, S. Lanne, Y. Frignac, J.C. Antona, G. Charlet, S. Bigo, "Tolerance to dispersion compensation parameters of six modulation formats in systems operating at 43 Gbit/s," Electron. Lett. 39, 1844-1846 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Petermann, K.

A. Hodzic, M. Winter, B. Konrad, S. Randel, K. Petermann, "Optimized filtering for 40-Gbit/s/ch-based DWDM transmission systems over standard single-mode fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1002-1004 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Pincemin, E.

E. Pincemin, D. Grot, C. Borsier, J.D. Ania-Castañón, S.K. Turitsyn, "Impact of the fiber type and dispersion management on the performance of an NRZ 16x40 Gbit/s DWDM transmission system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2362-2364 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Randel, S.

A. Hodzic, M. Winter, B. Konrad, S. Randel, K. Petermann, "Optimized filtering for 40-Gbit/s/ch-based DWDM transmission systems over standard single-mode fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1002-1004 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Shtaif, M.

A. Mecozzi, C.B. Clausen, M. Shtaif, S. G. Park, A. H. Gnauck, "Cancellation of timing and amplitude jitter in symmetric links using highly dispersed pulses," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 445-447 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Turitsyn, S.K.

E. Pincemin, D. Grot, C. Borsier, J.D. Ania-Castañón, S.K. Turitsyn, "Impact of the fiber type and dispersion management on the performance of an NRZ 16x40 Gbit/s DWDM transmission system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2362-2364 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Wei, X.

A.H Gnauck, X. Liu, X. Wei, D.M. Gill, E.C. Burrows, "Comparison of modulation format for 42.7 Gbit/s single-channel transmission through 1980 km of SSMF," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 909-911 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Winter, M.

A. Hodzic, M. Winter, B. Konrad, S. Randel, K. Petermann, "Optimized filtering for 40-Gbit/s/ch-based DWDM transmission systems over standard single-mode fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1002-1004 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Winzer, P.

A.H. Gnauck, P. Winzer, S. Chandrasekhar, "Hybrid 10/40 G transmission on a 50-GHz ITU grid through 2800 km of SSMF and seven optical add-drops," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2203-2205 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Winzer, P. J.

A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, S. Chandrasekhar Hybrid10/40-G Transmission on a 50-GHz Grid Through 2800 km of SSMF and Seven Optical Add-Drops," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2203-2205 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Wood, T. H.

A. Agarwal, S. Banerjee, D. F. Grosz, A. P. Kung, D. N. Maywar, and T. H. Wood, "Ultralong-haul transmission of 40-Gb/s RZ-DPSK in a 10/40 G hybrid system over 2500 km of NZ-DSF," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1779-1781 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Xie, C.

C. Xie, L. Möller, H. Haunstein, S. Hunsche, "Comparison of system tolerance to polarization mode dispersion between different modulation formats," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1168-1170 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett. (1)

P. Pecci, S. Lanne, Y. Frignac, J.C. Antona, G. Charlet, S. Bigo, "Tolerance to dispersion compensation parameters of six modulation formats in systems operating at 43 Gbit/s," Electron. Lett. 39, 1844-1846 (2003).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. (8)

A.H Gnauck, X. Liu, X. Wei, D.M. Gill, E.C. Burrows, "Comparison of modulation format for 42.7 Gbit/s single-channel transmission through 1980 km of SSMF," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 909-911 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. Pincemin, D. Grot, C. Borsier, J.D. Ania-Castañón, S.K. Turitsyn, "Impact of the fiber type and dispersion management on the performance of an NRZ 16x40 Gbit/s DWDM transmission system," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 16, 2362-2364 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Mecozzi, C.B. Clausen, M. Shtaif, S. G. Park, A. H. Gnauck, "Cancellation of timing and amplitude jitter in symmetric links using highly dispersed pulses," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 13, 445-447 (2001).
[CrossRef]

A. H. Gnauck, P. J. Winzer, S. Chandrasekhar Hybrid10/40-G Transmission on a 50-GHz Grid Through 2800 km of SSMF and Seven Optical Add-Drops," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 17, 2203-2205 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Hodzic, M. Winter, B. Konrad, S. Randel, K. Petermann, "Optimized filtering for 40-Gbit/s/ch-based DWDM transmission systems over standard single-mode fiber," IEEE Photon. Technol. Lett. 15, 1002-1004 (2003).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (10)

Fig 1.
Fig 1.

Schematic of the experimental set-up.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Temporal and spectral characterization of our transmitters: NRZ (top), CS-RZ (middle), 33% RZ (bottom).

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Amplitude and group delay transfer function of the XTRACT square flat-top optical filter used in the receiver (blue curves) and of an ideal 100 GHz flat-top demultiplexer (red curves).

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Dispersion map used in the experiment for the channel at 1550.12 nm.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Numerical simulation of Q-factor levels (in dB) vs. prechirp and signal average power (PS ), for NRZ (top), 33% RZ (middle) and CS-RZ (bottom) formats with 200 GHz channel spacing. Postchirp is adjusted for each prechirp value to obtain best performance.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

BER versus power per channel injected into SSMF spans (top), BER versus the receiver OSNR in back-to-back and after transmission (bottom), for the central channel at 1550.12 nm.

Fig. 7.
Fig. 7.

OSNR penalty in 0.5 nm at fixed BER=10-9 versus residual CD (top), and DGD (bottom), for the central channel at 1550.12 nm.

Fig. 8.
Fig. 8.

Eye diagrams of the 33% RZ modulation format when DGD is null (left hand side) and equal to 12 ps (right hand side).

Fig. 9.
Fig. 9.

OSNR penalty in 0.5 nm at fixed BER=10-9 versus the 20-dB filter bandwidth (top) and detuning (bottom), for the central channel at 1550.12 nm. In insets, 33% RZ eye diagrams when the 20-dB filter bandwidth is set to 0.6 and 0.9 nm.

Fig. 10.
Fig. 10.

BER versus transmission distance for the NRZ, CS-RZ and 33% RZ modulation formats in various configurations: (a) without NLE and any MUX/DEMUX, (b) without NLE but with the XTRACT MUX/DEMUX (without GDR), (c) without NLE but with the XTRACT MUX/DEMUX (with GDR), (d) without NLE but with the ideal 100 GHz flat-top MUX/DEMUX, (e) with NLE but without any MUX/DEMUX, (f) with NLE and with the XTRACT MUX/DEMUX (with GDR).

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