Abstract

Structural birefringent properties of a hollow-core photonic-bandgap fiber were carefully investigated and applied to all-fiber chirped-pulse amplification as a compressor. The group birefringence of as high as 6.9×10-4 and the dispersion splitting by as large as 149 ps/nm/km between the two principal polarization modes were observed at 1557 nm. By launching the amplifier output to one of the polarization modes a 17-dB polarization extinction ratio was obtained without any pulse degradation originating from polarization-mode dispersion. A hybrid fiber stretcher effectively compensates the peculiar dispersion of the photonic-bandgap fiber and pedestal-free 440-fs pulses with a 1-W average power and 21-nJ pulse energy were obtained. Polarization-maintaining fiber-pigtail output of high-power femtosecond pulses is useful for various applications.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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    [CrossRef]
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  12. X. Chen, M. -J. Li, N. Venkataraman, M. Gallagher, W. Wood, A. Crowley, J. Carberry, L. Zenteno, and K. Koch, "Highly birefringent hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber," Opt. Express 12, 3888-3893 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  24. A. Shirakawa, J. Ota, M. Musha, K. Ueda, J. R. Folkenberg, and J. Broeng, "Large-mode-area erbium-ytterbium-doped photonic-crystal fiber amplifier yielding 43-kW femtosecond pulses without chirped-pulse amplification," OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics in Advanced Solid-state Photonics 13, 547-552 (2005).
  25. P. K. Cheo and G. G. King, "Clad-pumped Yb:Er codoped fiber lasers," IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 13, 188-190 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  26. J. K. Sahu, Y. Jeong, D. J. Richardson, and J. Nilsson, "A 103 W erbium-ytterbium co-doped large-core fiber laser," Opt. Commun. 227, 159-163 (2003).
    [CrossRef]

2005

G. Statkiewicz, T. Martynkien, and W. Urbañczyk, "Measurements of birefringence and its sensitivity to hydrostatic pressure and elongation in photonic hollow core fiber with residual core ellipticity," Opt. Commun. 255, 175-183 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Shirakawa, J. Ota, M. Musha, K. Ueda, J. R. Folkenberg, and J. Broeng, "Large-mode-area erbium-ytterbium-doped photonic-crystal fiber amplifier yielding 43-kW femtosecond pulses without chirped-pulse amplification," OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics in Advanced Solid-state Photonics 13, 547-552 (2005).

A. Shirakawa, J. Ota, M. Musha, K. Nakagawa, K. Ueda, J. R. Folkenberg, and J. Broeng, "Large-mode-area erbium-ytterbium-doped photonic-crystal fiber amplifier for high-energy femtosecond pulses at 1.55 μm," Opt. Express 13, 1221-1227 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Wegmuller, M. Legré, N. Gisin, T. Hansen, C. Jakobsen, and J. Broeng, "Experimental investigation of the polarization properties of a hollow core photonic bandgap fiber for 1550 nm," Opt. Express 13, 1457-1467 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. S. Alam, K. Saitoh, and M. Koshiba, "High group birefringence in air-core photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Lett. 30, 824-826 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A. Dabirian, M. Akbari, and N. Mortensen, "The radiated fields of the fundamental mode of photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Express 13, 3999-4004 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Shah, Z. Liu, I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, G. Cho, and M. Fermann, "High energy femtosecond Yb cubicon fiber amplifier," Opt. Express 13, 4717-4722 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Röser, J. Rothhard, B. Ortac, A. Liem, O. Schmidt, T. Schreiber, J. Limpert, and A. Tünnermann, "131 W 220 fs fiber laser system," Opt. Lett. 30, 2754-2756 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Poletti, N. G. Broderick, D. Richardson, and T. Monro, "The effect of core asymmetries on the polarization properties of hollow core photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Express 13, 9115-9124 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. Adel, M. Engelbrecht, D. Wandt, and C. Fallnich, "Resonant nonlinearity in high-energy Er3+-fiber chirped-pulse-amplifiers," Opt. Express 13, 10260-10265 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

2003

2002

K. Saitoh and M. Koshiba,"Photonic bandgap fibers with high birefringence," IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 14, 1291-1293 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

P. K. Cheo and G. G. King, "Clad-pumped Yb:Er codoped fiber lasers," IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 13, 188-190 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1996

1994

C. D. Poole and D. L. Favin, "Polarization-mode dispersion measurements based on transmission spectra through a polarizer," J. Lightwave Tech. 12, 917-929 (1994), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

1990

E. Desurvire, "Study of the complex atomic susceptibility of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers," J. Lightwave. Tech. 8, 1517-1527 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Adel, P.

Ahmad, F. R.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of magawatt optical solitions in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Akbari, M.

Alam, M. S.

Bouwmans, G.

Broderick, N. G.

Broeng, J.

Buck, J. A.

Carberry, J.

Chen, X.

Cheo, P. K.

P. K. Cheo and G. G. King, "Clad-pumped Yb:Er codoped fiber lasers," IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 13, 188-190 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Cho, G.

Crowley, A.

Dabirian, A.

de Matos, C. J. S.

Desurvire, E.

E. Desurvire, "Study of the complex atomic susceptibility of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers," J. Lightwave. Tech. 8, 1517-1527 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Engelbrecht, M.

Fallnich, C.

Farr, L.

Favin, D. L.

C. D. Poole and D. L. Favin, "Polarization-mode dispersion measurements based on transmission spectra through a polarizer," J. Lightwave Tech. 12, 917-929 (1994), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Fermann, M.

Fermann, M. E.

Folkenberg, J. R.

A. Shirakawa, J. Ota, M. Musha, K. Ueda, J. R. Folkenberg, and J. Broeng, "Large-mode-area erbium-ytterbium-doped photonic-crystal fiber amplifier yielding 43-kW femtosecond pulses without chirped-pulse amplification," OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics in Advanced Solid-state Photonics 13, 547-552 (2005).

A. Shirakawa, J. Ota, M. Musha, K. Nakagawa, K. Ueda, J. R. Folkenberg, and J. Broeng, "Large-mode-area erbium-ytterbium-doped photonic-crystal fiber amplifier for high-energy femtosecond pulses at 1.55 μm," Opt. Express 13, 1221-1227 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Gaeta, A. L.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of magawatt optical solitions in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gallagher, M.

Gallagher, M. T.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of magawatt optical solitions in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Gisin, N.

Hansen, K. P.

Hansen, T.

Hansen, T. P.

Hartl, I.

Hoffmann, M. B.

Imeshev, G.

Jakobsen, C.

Jeong, Y.

J. K. Sahu, Y. Jeong, D. J. Richardson, and J. Nilsson, "A 103 W erbium-ytterbium co-doped large-core fiber laser," Opt. Commun. 227, 159-163 (2003).
[CrossRef]

King, G. G.

P. K. Cheo and G. G. King, "Clad-pumped Yb:Er codoped fiber lasers," IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 13, 188-190 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Knight, J.

Koch, K.

Koch, K. W.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of magawatt optical solitions in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Koshiba, M.

M. S. Alam, K. Saitoh, and M. Koshiba, "High group birefringence in air-core photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Lett. 30, 824-826 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Saitoh and M. Koshiba,"Photonic bandgap fibers with high birefringence," IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 14, 1291-1293 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Legré, M.

Li, M. -J.

Liem, A.

Limpert, J.

Liu, Z.

Luan, F.

Mangan, B.

Martynkien, T.

G. Statkiewicz, T. Martynkien, and W. Urbañczyk, "Measurements of birefringence and its sensitivity to hydrostatic pressure and elongation in photonic hollow core fiber with residual core ellipticity," Opt. Commun. 255, 175-183 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Monro, T.

Mortensen, N.

Müller, D.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of magawatt optical solitions in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Musha, M.

A. Shirakawa, J. Ota, M. Musha, K. Ueda, J. R. Folkenberg, and J. Broeng, "Large-mode-area erbium-ytterbium-doped photonic-crystal fiber amplifier yielding 43-kW femtosecond pulses without chirped-pulse amplification," OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics in Advanced Solid-state Photonics 13, 547-552 (2005).

A. Shirakawa, J. Ota, M. Musha, K. Nakagawa, K. Ueda, J. R. Folkenberg, and J. Broeng, "Large-mode-area erbium-ytterbium-doped photonic-crystal fiber amplifier for high-energy femtosecond pulses at 1.55 μm," Opt. Express 13, 1221-1227 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Nakagawa, K.

Nilsson, J.

J. K. Sahu, Y. Jeong, D. J. Richardson, and J. Nilsson, "A 103 W erbium-ytterbium co-doped large-core fiber laser," Opt. Commun. 227, 159-163 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Nolte, S.

Ortac, B.

Ota, J.

A. Shirakawa, J. Ota, M. Musha, K. Ueda, J. R. Folkenberg, and J. Broeng, "Large-mode-area erbium-ytterbium-doped photonic-crystal fiber amplifier yielding 43-kW femtosecond pulses without chirped-pulse amplification," OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics in Advanced Solid-state Photonics 13, 547-552 (2005).

A. Shirakawa, J. Ota, M. Musha, K. Nakagawa, K. Ueda, J. R. Folkenberg, and J. Broeng, "Large-mode-area erbium-ytterbium-doped photonic-crystal fiber amplifier for high-energy femtosecond pulses at 1.55 μm," Opt. Express 13, 1221-1227 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Ouzounov, D. G.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of magawatt optical solitions in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Poletti, F.

Poole, C. D.

C. D. Poole and D. L. Favin, "Polarization-mode dispersion measurements based on transmission spectra through a polarizer," J. Lightwave Tech. 12, 917-929 (1994), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

Richardson, D.

Richardson, D. J.

J. K. Sahu, Y. Jeong, D. J. Richardson, and J. Nilsson, "A 103 W erbium-ytterbium co-doped large-core fiber laser," Opt. Commun. 227, 159-163 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Röser, F.

Rothhard, J.

Russell, P. St. J.

Sabert, H.

Sahu, J. K.

J. K. Sahu, Y. Jeong, D. J. Richardson, and J. Nilsson, "A 103 W erbium-ytterbium co-doped large-core fiber laser," Opt. Commun. 227, 159-163 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Saitoh, K.

M. S. Alam, K. Saitoh, and M. Koshiba, "High group birefringence in air-core photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Lett. 30, 824-826 (2005).
[CrossRef]

K. Saitoh and M. Koshiba,"Photonic bandgap fibers with high birefringence," IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 14, 1291-1293 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Schmidt, O.

Schreiber, T.

Shah, L.

Shirakawa, A.

A. Shirakawa, J. Ota, M. Musha, K. Ueda, J. R. Folkenberg, and J. Broeng, "Large-mode-area erbium-ytterbium-doped photonic-crystal fiber amplifier yielding 43-kW femtosecond pulses without chirped-pulse amplification," OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics in Advanced Solid-state Photonics 13, 547-552 (2005).

A. Shirakawa, J. Ota, M. Musha, K. Nakagawa, K. Ueda, J. R. Folkenberg, and J. Broeng, "Large-mode-area erbium-ytterbium-doped photonic-crystal fiber amplifier for high-energy femtosecond pulses at 1.55 μm," Opt. Express 13, 1221-1227 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Silcox, J.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of magawatt optical solitions in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Statkiewicz, G.

G. Statkiewicz, T. Martynkien, and W. Urbañczyk, "Measurements of birefringence and its sensitivity to hydrostatic pressure and elongation in photonic hollow core fiber with residual core ellipticity," Opt. Commun. 255, 175-183 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Taylor, J. R.

Thomas, M. G.

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of magawatt optical solitions in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Tünnermann, A.

Ueda, K.

A. Shirakawa, J. Ota, M. Musha, K. Ueda, J. R. Folkenberg, and J. Broeng, "Large-mode-area erbium-ytterbium-doped photonic-crystal fiber amplifier yielding 43-kW femtosecond pulses without chirped-pulse amplification," OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics in Advanced Solid-state Photonics 13, 547-552 (2005).

A. Shirakawa, J. Ota, M. Musha, K. Nakagawa, K. Ueda, J. R. Folkenberg, and J. Broeng, "Large-mode-area erbium-ytterbium-doped photonic-crystal fiber amplifier for high-energy femtosecond pulses at 1.55 μm," Opt. Express 13, 1221-1227 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Urbañczyk, W.

G. Statkiewicz, T. Martynkien, and W. Urbañczyk, "Measurements of birefringence and its sensitivity to hydrostatic pressure and elongation in photonic hollow core fiber with residual core ellipticity," Opt. Commun. 255, 175-183 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Venkataraman, N.

X. Chen, M. -J. Li, N. Venkataraman, M. Gallagher, W. Wood, A. Crowley, J. Carberry, L. Zenteno, and K. Koch, "Highly birefringent hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber," Opt. Express 12, 3888-3893 (2004).
[CrossRef]

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of magawatt optical solitions in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Wandt, D.

Wegmuller, M.

Wood, W.

Zellmer, H.

Zenteno, L.

IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett.

K. Saitoh and M. Koshiba,"Photonic bandgap fibers with high birefringence," IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 14, 1291-1293 (2002).
[CrossRef]

P. K. Cheo and G. G. King, "Clad-pumped Yb:Er codoped fiber lasers," IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. 13, 188-190 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave Tech.

C. D. Poole and D. L. Favin, "Polarization-mode dispersion measurements based on transmission spectra through a polarizer," J. Lightwave Tech. 12, 917-929 (1994), and references therein.
[CrossRef]

J. Lightwave. Tech.

E. Desurvire, "Study of the complex atomic susceptibility of erbium-doped fiber amplifiers," J. Lightwave. Tech. 8, 1517-1527 (1990).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

Opt. Commun.

G. Statkiewicz, T. Martynkien, and W. Urbañczyk, "Measurements of birefringence and its sensitivity to hydrostatic pressure and elongation in photonic hollow core fiber with residual core ellipticity," Opt. Commun. 255, 175-183 (2005).
[CrossRef]

J. K. Sahu, Y. Jeong, D. J. Richardson, and J. Nilsson, "A 103 W erbium-ytterbium co-doped large-core fiber laser," Opt. Commun. 227, 159-163 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

G. Imeshev, I. Hartl, and M. E. Fermann, "An optimized Er gain band all-fiber chirped pulse amplification system," Opt. Express 12, 6508-6514 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Dabirian, M. Akbari, and N. Mortensen, "The radiated fields of the fundamental mode of photonic crystal fibers," Opt. Express 13, 3999-4004 (2005).
[CrossRef]

L. Shah, Z. Liu, I. Hartl, G. Imeshev, G. Cho, and M. Fermann, "High energy femtosecond Yb cubicon fiber amplifier," Opt. Express 13, 4717-4722 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Poletti, N. G. Broderick, D. Richardson, and T. Monro, "The effect of core asymmetries on the polarization properties of hollow core photonic bandgap fibers," Opt. Express 13, 9115-9124 (2005).
[CrossRef]

P. Adel, M. Engelbrecht, D. Wandt, and C. Fallnich, "Resonant nonlinearity in high-energy Er3+-fiber chirped-pulse-amplifiers," Opt. Express 13, 10260-10265 (2005).
[CrossRef]

G. Bouwmans, F. Luan, J. Knight, P. St. J. Russell, L. Farr, B. Mangan, and H. Sabert, "Properties of a hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber at 850 nm wavelength," Opt. Express 11, 1613-1620 (2003).

C. J. S. de Matos, J. R. Taylor, T. P. Hansen, K. P. Hansen, and J. Broeng, "All-fiber chirped pulse amplification using highly-dispersive air-core photonic bandgap fiber," Opt. Express 11, 2832-2837 (2003).

J. Limpert, T. Schreiber, S. Nolte, H. Zellmer, A. Tünnermann, "All-fiber chirped pulse amplification system based on compression in air-guiding photonic bandgap fiber," Opt. Express 11, 3332-3337 (2003).

X. Chen, M. -J. Li, N. Venkataraman, M. Gallagher, W. Wood, A. Crowley, J. Carberry, L. Zenteno, and K. Koch, "Highly birefringent hollow-core photonic bandgap fiber," Opt. Express 12, 3888-3893 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Shirakawa, J. Ota, M. Musha, K. Nakagawa, K. Ueda, J. R. Folkenberg, and J. Broeng, "Large-mode-area erbium-ytterbium-doped photonic-crystal fiber amplifier for high-energy femtosecond pulses at 1.55 μm," Opt. Express 13, 1221-1227 (2005).
[CrossRef]

M. Wegmuller, M. Legré, N. Gisin, T. Hansen, C. Jakobsen, and J. Broeng, "Experimental investigation of the polarization properties of a hollow core photonic bandgap fiber for 1550 nm," Opt. Express 13, 1457-1467 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett.

OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics in Advanced Solid-state Photonics

A. Shirakawa, J. Ota, M. Musha, K. Ueda, J. R. Folkenberg, and J. Broeng, "Large-mode-area erbium-ytterbium-doped photonic-crystal fiber amplifier yielding 43-kW femtosecond pulses without chirped-pulse amplification," OSA Trends in Optics and Photonics in Advanced Solid-state Photonics 13, 547-552 (2005).

Science

D. G. Ouzounov, F. R. Ahmad, D. Müller, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, M. G. Thomas, J. Silcox, K. W. Koch, and A. L. Gaeta, "Generation of magawatt optical solitions in hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," Science 301, 1702-1704 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Other

D. G. Ouzounov, C. J. Hensley, A. L. Gaeta, N. Venkataraman, M. T. Gallagher, and K. W. Koch, "Nonlinear properties of hollow-core photonic band-gap fibers," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CMM3.

K. -H. Liao, K. -C. Hou, G. Chang, V. Smirnov, L. Glebov, R. Changkakoti, P. Mamidipudi, and A. Galvanauskas, "Diffraction-limited 65-µm core Yb-doped LMA fiber based high energy fiber CPA systems," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics, Technical Digest (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper CPDB4.

L. Fu, I. C. Littler, and B. J. Eggleton, "Matched photonic bandgap fiber and fiber Bragg grating dispersion for a totally in-fiber stretch pulse amplification system," in Conference on Lasers, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2005), paper CMM4.

A. Shirakawa, T. Atsumi, M. Tanisho, and K. Ueda, "Single-shot white-light interferometry for precise fiber dispersion measurement," to be submitted to IEEE Photon. Tech. Lett. (2006).

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