Abstract

We present a high-spectral-resolution and experimentally simple version of spectral interferometry using optical fibers and crossed beams, which we call SEA TADPOLE. Rather than using collinear unknown and reference pulses separated in time to yield spectral fringes—and reduced spectral resolution—as in current versions, we use time-coincident pulses crossed at a small angle to generate spatial fringes. This allows the extraction of the spectral phase with the full spectrometer resolution, which allows the measurement of much longer and more complex pulses. In fact, SEA TADPOLE achieves spectral super-resolution, yielding the pulse spectrum with even better resolution. Avoiding collinear beams and using fiber coupling also vastly simplify alignment. We demonstrate SEA TADPOLE by measuring a chirped pulse, a double pulse separated by 14 ps, and a complex pulse comprising two trains of pulses with a time-bandwidth product of ~400.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. Cl. Froehly, A. Lacourt, and J. Ch. Viénot, "Time Impulse Responce and time Frequency Responce of Optical Pupils," Nouv. Rev. Opt. Appl. 4, 183-196 (1973).
  2. D. N. Fittinghoff, J. L. Bowie, J. N. Sweetser, R. T. Jennings, M. A. Krumbügel, K. W. DeLong, R. Trebino, and I. A. Walmsley, "Measurement of the Intensity and Phase of Ultraweak, Ultrashort Laser Pulse," Opt. Lett. 21, 884-886 (1996).
  3. L. Lepetit, G. Chériaux, and M. Joffre, "Linear Techniques of Phase Measurement by Femtosecond Spectral Interferometry for Applications in Spectroscopy," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 12, 2467-2474 (1995).
  4. T. Tanabe, K. Ohno, T. Okamoto, M. Yamanaka, F. Kannari, "Accurate pulse shaping with feedback control in amplitude and phase for amplified femtosecond pulses," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), (Baltimore, MD., 2003), p. 2.
  5. R. Levis, Gerahun Menkir, Herschel Rabitz, "Selective Bond Dissociation and Rearrangement with Optimally Tailored, Strong-Field Laser Pulses," Science 292, 709 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  6. T. Tanabe, K. Ohno, T. Okamoto, M. Yamanaka, F. Kannari., "Feedback control for accurate shaping of ultrashort opticsal pulses prior to chirped pulse amplification," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 1366-1375 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  7. D. J. Kane, and R. Trebino, "Characterization of Arbitrary Femtosecond Pulses Using Frequency Resolved Optical Gating," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 571-579 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  8. C. Iaconis, and I. A. Walmsley, "Self-Referencing Spectral Interferometry for Measuring Ultrashort Optical Pulses," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 501-509 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  9. JonathonR. Birge, Richard Ell, Franz X. Kaertner, "Two-dimensional spectral shearing interferometry for few-cycle pulse characterization " Opt. Lett. 31, 2063-2065 (2006).
  10. A. Vakhtin, Kristen Peterson, Willian Wood, Daniel Kane, "Differental Spectral interferometry: an imaging technique for biomedical applications," Opt. Lett. 28, (2003).
  11. A. P. Kovaecs, K. Osvay, Zs. Bor, "Group-delay measurement on laser mirrors by spectrally resolved white-light interferometry," Opt. Lett. 20, 788-791 (1995).
  12. A.P. Kovaecs, K. Osvay, G. Kurdi, M. Görbe, J. Klenbniczki, Z. Bor, "Dispersion Control of a pulse stretcher-compressor system with two-dimensional spectral interferometry," Appl. Phys. B 80, 165-170 (2005).
  13. D. Meshulach, D. Yelin and Y. Silberberg, "Real-time spatial-spectral interference measurements of ultrashort optical pulses," J. Opt. Soc. of Am. B 14, 2095-2099 (1997).
  14. E. M. Kosik, A. S. Radunsky, I. Walmsley, and C. Dorrer, "Interferometric technique for measuring broadband ultrashort pulses at the sampling limit," Opt. Lett. 30326-328 (2005).
    [CrossRef]

2006

2005

E. M. Kosik, A. S. Radunsky, I. Walmsley, and C. Dorrer, "Interferometric technique for measuring broadband ultrashort pulses at the sampling limit," Opt. Lett. 30326-328 (2005).
[CrossRef]

A.P. Kovaecs, K. Osvay, G. Kurdi, M. Görbe, J. Klenbniczki, Z. Bor, "Dispersion Control of a pulse stretcher-compressor system with two-dimensional spectral interferometry," Appl. Phys. B 80, 165-170 (2005).

2004

T. Tanabe, K. Ohno, T. Okamoto, M. Yamanaka, F. Kannari., "Feedback control for accurate shaping of ultrashort opticsal pulses prior to chirped pulse amplification," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 1366-1375 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2003

A. Vakhtin, Kristen Peterson, Willian Wood, Daniel Kane, "Differental Spectral interferometry: an imaging technique for biomedical applications," Opt. Lett. 28, (2003).

2001

R. Levis, Gerahun Menkir, Herschel Rabitz, "Selective Bond Dissociation and Rearrangement with Optimally Tailored, Strong-Field Laser Pulses," Science 292, 709 (2001).
[CrossRef]

1999

C. Iaconis, and I. A. Walmsley, "Self-Referencing Spectral Interferometry for Measuring Ultrashort Optical Pulses," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 501-509 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997

D. Meshulach, D. Yelin and Y. Silberberg, "Real-time spatial-spectral interference measurements of ultrashort optical pulses," J. Opt. Soc. of Am. B 14, 2095-2099 (1997).

1996

1995

1993

D. J. Kane, and R. Trebino, "Characterization of Arbitrary Femtosecond Pulses Using Frequency Resolved Optical Gating," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 571-579 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1973

Cl. Froehly, A. Lacourt, and J. Ch. Viénot, "Time Impulse Responce and time Frequency Responce of Optical Pupils," Nouv. Rev. Opt. Appl. 4, 183-196 (1973).

Bor, Z.

A.P. Kovaecs, K. Osvay, G. Kurdi, M. Görbe, J. Klenbniczki, Z. Bor, "Dispersion Control of a pulse stretcher-compressor system with two-dimensional spectral interferometry," Appl. Phys. B 80, 165-170 (2005).

Bor, Zs.

Bowie, J. L.

Chériaux, G.

DeLong, K. W.

Dorrer, C.

Fittinghoff, D. N.

Froehly, Cl.

Cl. Froehly, A. Lacourt, and J. Ch. Viénot, "Time Impulse Responce and time Frequency Responce of Optical Pupils," Nouv. Rev. Opt. Appl. 4, 183-196 (1973).

Görbe, M.

A.P. Kovaecs, K. Osvay, G. Kurdi, M. Görbe, J. Klenbniczki, Z. Bor, "Dispersion Control of a pulse stretcher-compressor system with two-dimensional spectral interferometry," Appl. Phys. B 80, 165-170 (2005).

Iaconis, C.

C. Iaconis, and I. A. Walmsley, "Self-Referencing Spectral Interferometry for Measuring Ultrashort Optical Pulses," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 501-509 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Jennings, R. T.

Joffre, M.

Jonathon,

Kane, D. J.

D. J. Kane, and R. Trebino, "Characterization of Arbitrary Femtosecond Pulses Using Frequency Resolved Optical Gating," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 571-579 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Kannari, F.

T. Tanabe, K. Ohno, T. Okamoto, M. Yamanaka, F. Kannari., "Feedback control for accurate shaping of ultrashort opticsal pulses prior to chirped pulse amplification," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 1366-1375 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Klenbniczki, J.

A.P. Kovaecs, K. Osvay, G. Kurdi, M. Görbe, J. Klenbniczki, Z. Bor, "Dispersion Control of a pulse stretcher-compressor system with two-dimensional spectral interferometry," Appl. Phys. B 80, 165-170 (2005).

Kosik, E. M.

Kovaecs, A. P.

Kovaecs, A.P.

A.P. Kovaecs, K. Osvay, G. Kurdi, M. Görbe, J. Klenbniczki, Z. Bor, "Dispersion Control of a pulse stretcher-compressor system with two-dimensional spectral interferometry," Appl. Phys. B 80, 165-170 (2005).

Krumbügel, M. A.

Kurdi, G.

A.P. Kovaecs, K. Osvay, G. Kurdi, M. Görbe, J. Klenbniczki, Z. Bor, "Dispersion Control of a pulse stretcher-compressor system with two-dimensional spectral interferometry," Appl. Phys. B 80, 165-170 (2005).

Lacourt, A.

Cl. Froehly, A. Lacourt, and J. Ch. Viénot, "Time Impulse Responce and time Frequency Responce of Optical Pupils," Nouv. Rev. Opt. Appl. 4, 183-196 (1973).

Lepetit, L.

Levis, R.

R. Levis, Gerahun Menkir, Herschel Rabitz, "Selective Bond Dissociation and Rearrangement with Optimally Tailored, Strong-Field Laser Pulses," Science 292, 709 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Meshulach, D.

D. Meshulach, D. Yelin and Y. Silberberg, "Real-time spatial-spectral interference measurements of ultrashort optical pulses," J. Opt. Soc. of Am. B 14, 2095-2099 (1997).

Ohno, K.

T. Tanabe, K. Ohno, T. Okamoto, M. Yamanaka, F. Kannari., "Feedback control for accurate shaping of ultrashort opticsal pulses prior to chirped pulse amplification," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 1366-1375 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Okamoto, T.

T. Tanabe, K. Ohno, T. Okamoto, M. Yamanaka, F. Kannari., "Feedback control for accurate shaping of ultrashort opticsal pulses prior to chirped pulse amplification," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 1366-1375 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Osvay, K.

A.P. Kovaecs, K. Osvay, G. Kurdi, M. Görbe, J. Klenbniczki, Z. Bor, "Dispersion Control of a pulse stretcher-compressor system with two-dimensional spectral interferometry," Appl. Phys. B 80, 165-170 (2005).

A. P. Kovaecs, K. Osvay, Zs. Bor, "Group-delay measurement on laser mirrors by spectrally resolved white-light interferometry," Opt. Lett. 20, 788-791 (1995).

Radunsky, A. S.

Silberberg, Y.

D. Meshulach, D. Yelin and Y. Silberberg, "Real-time spatial-spectral interference measurements of ultrashort optical pulses," J. Opt. Soc. of Am. B 14, 2095-2099 (1997).

Sweetser, J. N.

Tanabe, T.

T. Tanabe, K. Ohno, T. Okamoto, M. Yamanaka, F. Kannari., "Feedback control for accurate shaping of ultrashort opticsal pulses prior to chirped pulse amplification," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 1366-1375 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Trebino, R.

Vakhtin, A.

A. Vakhtin, Kristen Peterson, Willian Wood, Daniel Kane, "Differental Spectral interferometry: an imaging technique for biomedical applications," Opt. Lett. 28, (2003).

Viénot, J. Ch.

Cl. Froehly, A. Lacourt, and J. Ch. Viénot, "Time Impulse Responce and time Frequency Responce of Optical Pupils," Nouv. Rev. Opt. Appl. 4, 183-196 (1973).

Walmsley, I.

Walmsley, I. A.

Yamanaka, M.

T. Tanabe, K. Ohno, T. Okamoto, M. Yamanaka, F. Kannari., "Feedback control for accurate shaping of ultrashort opticsal pulses prior to chirped pulse amplification," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 1366-1375 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yelin, D.

D. Meshulach, D. Yelin and Y. Silberberg, "Real-time spatial-spectral interference measurements of ultrashort optical pulses," J. Opt. Soc. of Am. B 14, 2095-2099 (1997).

Appl. Phys. B

A.P. Kovaecs, K. Osvay, G. Kurdi, M. Görbe, J. Klenbniczki, Z. Bor, "Dispersion Control of a pulse stretcher-compressor system with two-dimensional spectral interferometry," Appl. Phys. B 80, 165-170 (2005).

IEEE J. Quantum Electron.

D. J. Kane, and R. Trebino, "Characterization of Arbitrary Femtosecond Pulses Using Frequency Resolved Optical Gating," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 571-579 (1993).
[CrossRef]

C. Iaconis, and I. A. Walmsley, "Self-Referencing Spectral Interferometry for Measuring Ultrashort Optical Pulses," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 35, 501-509 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

J. Opt. Soc. of Am. B

D. Meshulach, D. Yelin and Y. Silberberg, "Real-time spatial-spectral interference measurements of ultrashort optical pulses," J. Opt. Soc. of Am. B 14, 2095-2099 (1997).

Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.

T. Tanabe, K. Ohno, T. Okamoto, M. Yamanaka, F. Kannari., "Feedback control for accurate shaping of ultrashort opticsal pulses prior to chirped pulse amplification," Jpn. J. Appl. Phys. 43, 1366-1375 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Nouv. Rev. Opt. Appl.

Cl. Froehly, A. Lacourt, and J. Ch. Viénot, "Time Impulse Responce and time Frequency Responce of Optical Pupils," Nouv. Rev. Opt. Appl. 4, 183-196 (1973).

Opt. Lett.

Science

R. Levis, Gerahun Menkir, Herschel Rabitz, "Selective Bond Dissociation and Rearrangement with Optimally Tailored, Strong-Field Laser Pulses," Science 292, 709 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Other

T. Tanabe, K. Ohno, T. Okamoto, M. Yamanaka, F. Kannari, "Accurate pulse shaping with feedback control in amplitude and phase for amplified femtosecond pulses," in Conference on Lasers and Electro-Optics (CLEO), (Baltimore, MD., 2003), p. 2.

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