Abstract

The Raman gain spectra of millimeter thick As2S3 and As24S38Se38 glasses and Ge(23-x)GaxSb7S(70-y)Sey with x=0 and 5 and y=0, 2, 5 have been measured using a direct nonlinear optics technique. The pump light originated from a picosecond Nd:YAG laser operating at 1064 nm and a tunable optical parametric generator and amplifier (OPG/OPA) was used as a source for the probe light. A peak material Raman gain coefficient of (155±11)×10-13 m/W has been measured for the As24S38Se38 glass. A reversible photodarkening effect which responds to picosecond pulses is also reported. Finally, surface optical damage threshold measurements were found to be less than 9 GW/cm2 for the reported samples, values which are comparable to some TeO2-based glasses with lower nonlinearities.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. C. Meneghini and A. Villeneuve, "As2S3 photosensitivity by two-photon absorption: holographic gratings and self-written channel waveguides," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 2946 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  3. V. G. Ta’eed, M. Shokooh-Saremi, L. Fu, D. J. Moss, M. Rochette, I. C. M. Littler, B. J. Eggleton, Y. Ruan, and B. Luther-Davies, "Integrated all-optical pulse regenerator in chalcogenide waveguides," Opt. Lett. 30, 2900 (2005).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  4. M. Guignard, V. Nazabal, F. Smektala, H. Zeghlache, A. Kudlinski, Y. Quiquempois, and G. Martinelli, "High second-order nonlinear susceptibility induced in chalcogenide glasses by thermal poling," Opt. Express 14, 1524 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. R. E. Slusher, G. Lenz, J. Hodelin, J. Sanghera, L. B. Shaw, and I. D. Aggarwal, "Large Raman gain and nonlinear phase shifts in high-purity As2Se3 chalcogenide fibers," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 21, 1146 (2004).
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  8. L. Petit, N. Carlie, K. Richardson, A. Humeau, S. Cherukulappurath, and G. Boudebs, "Nonlinear optical properties of glasses in the system Ge/Ga - Sb - S/Se," Opt. Lett. 31, 1495 (2006).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  9. R. Stegeman, C. Rivero, G. Stegeman, P. DelfyettJr., K. Richardson, L. Jankovic, and H. Kim, "Raman gain measurements in bulk glass samples," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 22, 1861 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  10. Z. G. Ivanova, V. S. Vassilev, E. Cernoskova, and Z. Cernosek, "Physiochemical, structural and fluorescence properties of Er-doped Ge-S-Ga glasses," J. Phys. Chem. Solids 64, 107-110 (2003).
    [CrossRef]
  11. L. Petit, N. Carlie, R. Villeneuve, J. Massera, M. Couzi, A. Humeau, S. Cherukulappurath, G. Boudebs, and K. Richardson, "Effect of the substitution of S for Se on the structure and on the non-linear properties of the glasses in the system Ge0.18Ga0.05Sb0.07S0.70-xSex", submitted in J. Non-Cryst. Solids.
  12. R. Stegeman, C. Rivero, K. Richardson, G. Stegeman, P. Delfyett, Jr., Y. Guo, A. Pope, A. Schulte, T. Cardinal, P. Thomas, and J.-C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, "Raman gain measurements of thallium-tellurium oxide glasses," Opt. Lett. 13, 1144-1146 (2005).
  13. K. A. Richardson, T. M. McKinley, B. Lawrence, S. Joshi, and A. Villeneuve, "Comparison of nonlinear optical properties of sulfide glasses in bulk and thin film form," Opt. Mater. 10, 155-159 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  14. T. Cardinal, K. A. Richardson, H. Shim, A. Schulte, R. Beatty, K. Le Foulgoc, C. Meneghini, J. F. Viens, and A. Villeneuve, "Non-linear optical properties of chalcogenide glasses in the system As-S-Se," J. Non-Cryst. Solids, 256&257 (1999) 353-360.
    [CrossRef]
  15. B. Jeansannetas, S. Blanchandin, P. Thomas, P. Marchet, J. C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, T. Merle-Mejean, B. Frit, V. Nazabal, E. Fargin, G. Le Flem, M. O. Martin, B. Bosquet, L. Canioni, S. Le Boiteux, P. Segonds, and L. Sarger, "Glass structure and optical nonlinearities in thallium(I) tellurium (IV) oxide glasses," J. Sol. State Chem. 146, 329-335 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  16. R. Hellwarth, J. Cherlow, and T.-T. Yang, "Origin and frequency dependence of nonlinear optical susceptibilities of glasses," Phys. Rev. B 11, 964 (1975).
    [CrossRef]
  17. A. Andriesh and V. Chumash, "Nonlinear optical phenomena in chalcogenide glasses,"Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 351-360 (1998).
    [CrossRef]

2006

2005

2004

2003

Z. G. Ivanova, V. S. Vassilev, E. Cernoskova, and Z. Cernosek, "Physiochemical, structural and fluorescence properties of Er-doped Ge-S-Ga glasses," J. Phys. Chem. Solids 64, 107-110 (2003).
[CrossRef]

1999

B. Jeansannetas, S. Blanchandin, P. Thomas, P. Marchet, J. C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, T. Merle-Mejean, B. Frit, V. Nazabal, E. Fargin, G. Le Flem, M. O. Martin, B. Bosquet, L. Canioni, S. Le Boiteux, P. Segonds, and L. Sarger, "Glass structure and optical nonlinearities in thallium(I) tellurium (IV) oxide glasses," J. Sol. State Chem. 146, 329-335 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1998

K. A. Richardson, T. M. McKinley, B. Lawrence, S. Joshi, and A. Villeneuve, "Comparison of nonlinear optical properties of sulfide glasses in bulk and thin film form," Opt. Mater. 10, 155-159 (1998).
[CrossRef]

A. Andriesh and V. Chumash, "Nonlinear optical phenomena in chalcogenide glasses,"Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 351-360 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. Meneghini and A. Villeneuve, "As2S3 photosensitivity by two-photon absorption: holographic gratings and self-written channel waveguides," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 2946 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1992

M. Asobe, K. Suzuki, T. Kanamori, and K. Kubodera, "Nonlinear refractive index measurement in chalcogenide-glass fibers by self-phase modulation," App. Phys. Lett. 60, 1153 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1975

R. Hellwarth, J. Cherlow, and T.-T. Yang, "Origin and frequency dependence of nonlinear optical susceptibilities of glasses," Phys. Rev. B 11, 964 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Abedin, K. S.

Aggarwal, I. D.

Andriesh, A.

A. Andriesh and V. Chumash, "Nonlinear optical phenomena in chalcogenide glasses,"Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 351-360 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Asobe, M.

M. Asobe, K. Suzuki, T. Kanamori, and K. Kubodera, "Nonlinear refractive index measurement in chalcogenide-glass fibers by self-phase modulation," App. Phys. Lett. 60, 1153 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Blanchandin, S.

B. Jeansannetas, S. Blanchandin, P. Thomas, P. Marchet, J. C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, T. Merle-Mejean, B. Frit, V. Nazabal, E. Fargin, G. Le Flem, M. O. Martin, B. Bosquet, L. Canioni, S. Le Boiteux, P. Segonds, and L. Sarger, "Glass structure and optical nonlinearities in thallium(I) tellurium (IV) oxide glasses," J. Sol. State Chem. 146, 329-335 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Bosquet, B.

B. Jeansannetas, S. Blanchandin, P. Thomas, P. Marchet, J. C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, T. Merle-Mejean, B. Frit, V. Nazabal, E. Fargin, G. Le Flem, M. O. Martin, B. Bosquet, L. Canioni, S. Le Boiteux, P. Segonds, and L. Sarger, "Glass structure and optical nonlinearities in thallium(I) tellurium (IV) oxide glasses," J. Sol. State Chem. 146, 329-335 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Boudebs, G.

Canioni, L.

B. Jeansannetas, S. Blanchandin, P. Thomas, P. Marchet, J. C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, T. Merle-Mejean, B. Frit, V. Nazabal, E. Fargin, G. Le Flem, M. O. Martin, B. Bosquet, L. Canioni, S. Le Boiteux, P. Segonds, and L. Sarger, "Glass structure and optical nonlinearities in thallium(I) tellurium (IV) oxide glasses," J. Sol. State Chem. 146, 329-335 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Cardinal, T.

Carlie, N.

Cernosek, Z.

Z. G. Ivanova, V. S. Vassilev, E. Cernoskova, and Z. Cernosek, "Physiochemical, structural and fluorescence properties of Er-doped Ge-S-Ga glasses," J. Phys. Chem. Solids 64, 107-110 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Cernoskova, E.

Z. G. Ivanova, V. S. Vassilev, E. Cernoskova, and Z. Cernosek, "Physiochemical, structural and fluorescence properties of Er-doped Ge-S-Ga glasses," J. Phys. Chem. Solids 64, 107-110 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Champarnaud-Mesjard, J. C.

B. Jeansannetas, S. Blanchandin, P. Thomas, P. Marchet, J. C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, T. Merle-Mejean, B. Frit, V. Nazabal, E. Fargin, G. Le Flem, M. O. Martin, B. Bosquet, L. Canioni, S. Le Boiteux, P. Segonds, and L. Sarger, "Glass structure and optical nonlinearities in thallium(I) tellurium (IV) oxide glasses," J. Sol. State Chem. 146, 329-335 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Champarnaud-Mesjard, J.-C.

Cherlow, J.

R. Hellwarth, J. Cherlow, and T.-T. Yang, "Origin and frequency dependence of nonlinear optical susceptibilities of glasses," Phys. Rev. B 11, 964 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Cherukulappurath, S.

Chumash, V.

A. Andriesh and V. Chumash, "Nonlinear optical phenomena in chalcogenide glasses,"Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 351-360 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Couzi, M.

David Talaga, M.

Delfyett, P.

Eggleton, B. J.

Fargin, E.

B. Jeansannetas, S. Blanchandin, P. Thomas, P. Marchet, J. C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, T. Merle-Mejean, B. Frit, V. Nazabal, E. Fargin, G. Le Flem, M. O. Martin, B. Bosquet, L. Canioni, S. Le Boiteux, P. Segonds, and L. Sarger, "Glass structure and optical nonlinearities in thallium(I) tellurium (IV) oxide glasses," J. Sol. State Chem. 146, 329-335 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Frit, B.

B. Jeansannetas, S. Blanchandin, P. Thomas, P. Marchet, J. C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, T. Merle-Mejean, B. Frit, V. Nazabal, E. Fargin, G. Le Flem, M. O. Martin, B. Bosquet, L. Canioni, S. Le Boiteux, P. Segonds, and L. Sarger, "Glass structure and optical nonlinearities in thallium(I) tellurium (IV) oxide glasses," J. Sol. State Chem. 146, 329-335 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Fu, L.

Guignard, M.

Guo, Y.

Hellwarth, R.

R. Hellwarth, J. Cherlow, and T.-T. Yang, "Origin and frequency dependence of nonlinear optical susceptibilities of glasses," Phys. Rev. B 11, 964 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Hodelin, J.

Humeau, A.

Ivanova, Z. G.

Z. G. Ivanova, V. S. Vassilev, E. Cernoskova, and Z. Cernosek, "Physiochemical, structural and fluorescence properties of Er-doped Ge-S-Ga glasses," J. Phys. Chem. Solids 64, 107-110 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Jankovic, L.

Jeansannetas, B.

B. Jeansannetas, S. Blanchandin, P. Thomas, P. Marchet, J. C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, T. Merle-Mejean, B. Frit, V. Nazabal, E. Fargin, G. Le Flem, M. O. Martin, B. Bosquet, L. Canioni, S. Le Boiteux, P. Segonds, and L. Sarger, "Glass structure and optical nonlinearities in thallium(I) tellurium (IV) oxide glasses," J. Sol. State Chem. 146, 329-335 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Joshi, S.

K. A. Richardson, T. M. McKinley, B. Lawrence, S. Joshi, and A. Villeneuve, "Comparison of nonlinear optical properties of sulfide glasses in bulk and thin film form," Opt. Mater. 10, 155-159 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kanamori, T.

M. Asobe, K. Suzuki, T. Kanamori, and K. Kubodera, "Nonlinear refractive index measurement in chalcogenide-glass fibers by self-phase modulation," App. Phys. Lett. 60, 1153 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H.

Kubodera, K.

M. Asobe, K. Suzuki, T. Kanamori, and K. Kubodera, "Nonlinear refractive index measurement in chalcogenide-glass fibers by self-phase modulation," App. Phys. Lett. 60, 1153 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kudlinski, A.

Lawrence, B.

K. A. Richardson, T. M. McKinley, B. Lawrence, S. Joshi, and A. Villeneuve, "Comparison of nonlinear optical properties of sulfide glasses in bulk and thin film form," Opt. Mater. 10, 155-159 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Le Boiteux, S.

B. Jeansannetas, S. Blanchandin, P. Thomas, P. Marchet, J. C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, T. Merle-Mejean, B. Frit, V. Nazabal, E. Fargin, G. Le Flem, M. O. Martin, B. Bosquet, L. Canioni, S. Le Boiteux, P. Segonds, and L. Sarger, "Glass structure and optical nonlinearities in thallium(I) tellurium (IV) oxide glasses," J. Sol. State Chem. 146, 329-335 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Le Flem, G.

B. Jeansannetas, S. Blanchandin, P. Thomas, P. Marchet, J. C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, T. Merle-Mejean, B. Frit, V. Nazabal, E. Fargin, G. Le Flem, M. O. Martin, B. Bosquet, L. Canioni, S. Le Boiteux, P. Segonds, and L. Sarger, "Glass structure and optical nonlinearities in thallium(I) tellurium (IV) oxide glasses," J. Sol. State Chem. 146, 329-335 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Lenz, G.

Littler, I. C. M.

Luther-Davies, B.

Marchet, P.

B. Jeansannetas, S. Blanchandin, P. Thomas, P. Marchet, J. C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, T. Merle-Mejean, B. Frit, V. Nazabal, E. Fargin, G. Le Flem, M. O. Martin, B. Bosquet, L. Canioni, S. Le Boiteux, P. Segonds, and L. Sarger, "Glass structure and optical nonlinearities in thallium(I) tellurium (IV) oxide glasses," J. Sol. State Chem. 146, 329-335 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Martin, M. O.

B. Jeansannetas, S. Blanchandin, P. Thomas, P. Marchet, J. C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, T. Merle-Mejean, B. Frit, V. Nazabal, E. Fargin, G. Le Flem, M. O. Martin, B. Bosquet, L. Canioni, S. Le Boiteux, P. Segonds, and L. Sarger, "Glass structure and optical nonlinearities in thallium(I) tellurium (IV) oxide glasses," J. Sol. State Chem. 146, 329-335 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Martinelli, G.

McKinley, T. M.

K. A. Richardson, T. M. McKinley, B. Lawrence, S. Joshi, and A. Villeneuve, "Comparison of nonlinear optical properties of sulfide glasses in bulk and thin film form," Opt. Mater. 10, 155-159 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Meneghini, C.

Merle-Mejean, T.

B. Jeansannetas, S. Blanchandin, P. Thomas, P. Marchet, J. C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, T. Merle-Mejean, B. Frit, V. Nazabal, E. Fargin, G. Le Flem, M. O. Martin, B. Bosquet, L. Canioni, S. Le Boiteux, P. Segonds, and L. Sarger, "Glass structure and optical nonlinearities in thallium(I) tellurium (IV) oxide glasses," J. Sol. State Chem. 146, 329-335 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Moss, D. J.

Nazabal, V.

M. Guignard, V. Nazabal, F. Smektala, H. Zeghlache, A. Kudlinski, Y. Quiquempois, and G. Martinelli, "High second-order nonlinear susceptibility induced in chalcogenide glasses by thermal poling," Opt. Express 14, 1524 (2006).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

B. Jeansannetas, S. Blanchandin, P. Thomas, P. Marchet, J. C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, T. Merle-Mejean, B. Frit, V. Nazabal, E. Fargin, G. Le Flem, M. O. Martin, B. Bosquet, L. Canioni, S. Le Boiteux, P. Segonds, and L. Sarger, "Glass structure and optical nonlinearities in thallium(I) tellurium (IV) oxide glasses," J. Sol. State Chem. 146, 329-335 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Petit, L.

Pope, A.

Quiquempois, Y.

Richardson, K.

Richardson, K. A.

K. A. Richardson, T. M. McKinley, B. Lawrence, S. Joshi, and A. Villeneuve, "Comparison of nonlinear optical properties of sulfide glasses in bulk and thin film form," Opt. Mater. 10, 155-159 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Rivero, C.

Rochette, M.

Ruan, Y.

Sanghera, J.

Sarger, L.

B. Jeansannetas, S. Blanchandin, P. Thomas, P. Marchet, J. C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, T. Merle-Mejean, B. Frit, V. Nazabal, E. Fargin, G. Le Flem, M. O. Martin, B. Bosquet, L. Canioni, S. Le Boiteux, P. Segonds, and L. Sarger, "Glass structure and optical nonlinearities in thallium(I) tellurium (IV) oxide glasses," J. Sol. State Chem. 146, 329-335 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Schulte, A.

Segonds, P.

B. Jeansannetas, S. Blanchandin, P. Thomas, P. Marchet, J. C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, T. Merle-Mejean, B. Frit, V. Nazabal, E. Fargin, G. Le Flem, M. O. Martin, B. Bosquet, L. Canioni, S. Le Boiteux, P. Segonds, and L. Sarger, "Glass structure and optical nonlinearities in thallium(I) tellurium (IV) oxide glasses," J. Sol. State Chem. 146, 329-335 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Shaw, L. B.

Shokooh-Saremi, M.

Slusher, R. E.

Smektala, F.

Stegeman, G.

Stegeman, R.

Suzuki, K.

M. Asobe, K. Suzuki, T. Kanamori, and K. Kubodera, "Nonlinear refractive index measurement in chalcogenide-glass fibers by self-phase modulation," App. Phys. Lett. 60, 1153 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Ta’eed, V. G.

Thomas, P.

R. Stegeman, C. Rivero, K. Richardson, G. Stegeman, P. Delfyett, Jr., Y. Guo, A. Pope, A. Schulte, T. Cardinal, P. Thomas, and J.-C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, "Raman gain measurements of thallium-tellurium oxide glasses," Opt. Lett. 13, 1144-1146 (2005).

B. Jeansannetas, S. Blanchandin, P. Thomas, P. Marchet, J. C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, T. Merle-Mejean, B. Frit, V. Nazabal, E. Fargin, G. Le Flem, M. O. Martin, B. Bosquet, L. Canioni, S. Le Boiteux, P. Segonds, and L. Sarger, "Glass structure and optical nonlinearities in thallium(I) tellurium (IV) oxide glasses," J. Sol. State Chem. 146, 329-335 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Vassilev, V. S.

Z. G. Ivanova, V. S. Vassilev, E. Cernoskova, and Z. Cernosek, "Physiochemical, structural and fluorescence properties of Er-doped Ge-S-Ga glasses," J. Phys. Chem. Solids 64, 107-110 (2003).
[CrossRef]

Villeneuve, A.

K. A. Richardson, T. M. McKinley, B. Lawrence, S. Joshi, and A. Villeneuve, "Comparison of nonlinear optical properties of sulfide glasses in bulk and thin film form," Opt. Mater. 10, 155-159 (1998).
[CrossRef]

C. Meneghini and A. Villeneuve, "As2S3 photosensitivity by two-photon absorption: holographic gratings and self-written channel waveguides," J. Opt. Soc. Am. B 15, 2946 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Yang, T.-T.

R. Hellwarth, J. Cherlow, and T.-T. Yang, "Origin and frequency dependence of nonlinear optical susceptibilities of glasses," Phys. Rev. B 11, 964 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Zeghlache, H.

App. Phys. Lett.

M. Asobe, K. Suzuki, T. Kanamori, and K. Kubodera, "Nonlinear refractive index measurement in chalcogenide-glass fibers by self-phase modulation," App. Phys. Lett. 60, 1153 (1992).
[CrossRef]

J. Opt. Soc. Am. B

J. Phys. Chem. Solids

Z. G. Ivanova, V. S. Vassilev, E. Cernoskova, and Z. Cernosek, "Physiochemical, structural and fluorescence properties of Er-doped Ge-S-Ga glasses," J. Phys. Chem. Solids 64, 107-110 (2003).
[CrossRef]

J. Sol. State Chem.

B. Jeansannetas, S. Blanchandin, P. Thomas, P. Marchet, J. C. Champarnaud-Mesjard, T. Merle-Mejean, B. Frit, V. Nazabal, E. Fargin, G. Le Flem, M. O. Martin, B. Bosquet, L. Canioni, S. Le Boiteux, P. Segonds, and L. Sarger, "Glass structure and optical nonlinearities in thallium(I) tellurium (IV) oxide glasses," J. Sol. State Chem. 146, 329-335 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Express

Opt. Lett.

Opt. Mater.

K. A. Richardson, T. M. McKinley, B. Lawrence, S. Joshi, and A. Villeneuve, "Comparison of nonlinear optical properties of sulfide glasses in bulk and thin film form," Opt. Mater. 10, 155-159 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Phys. Rev. B

R. Hellwarth, J. Cherlow, and T.-T. Yang, "Origin and frequency dependence of nonlinear optical susceptibilities of glasses," Phys. Rev. B 11, 964 (1975).
[CrossRef]

Pure Appl. Opt.

A. Andriesh and V. Chumash, "Nonlinear optical phenomena in chalcogenide glasses,"Pure Appl. Opt. 7, 351-360 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Other

T. Cardinal, K. A. Richardson, H. Shim, A. Schulte, R. Beatty, K. Le Foulgoc, C. Meneghini, J. F. Viens, and A. Villeneuve, "Non-linear optical properties of chalcogenide glasses in the system As-S-Se," J. Non-Cryst. Solids, 256&257 (1999) 353-360.
[CrossRef]

L. Petit, N. Carlie, R. Villeneuve, J. Massera, M. Couzi, A. Humeau, S. Cherukulappurath, G. Boudebs, and K. Richardson, "Effect of the substitution of S for Se on the structure and on the non-linear properties of the glasses in the system Ge0.18Ga0.05Sb0.07S0.70-xSex", submitted in J. Non-Cryst. Solids.

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Figures (2)

Figs. 1.(a). and (b).
Figs. 1.(a). and (b).

Raman gain curve of (a) Ge18Ga5Sb7S70 with the Raman gain curve of 50TeO2 - 50Tl2O overlaid for comparison and (b) As24S38Se38 with the Raman gain curve of fused silica overlaid with the amplitude multiplied by a factor of 100 for comparison.

Figs. 2. (a).–2.(c).
Figs. 2. (a).–2.(c).

(a). As2S3 did not suffer any photodarkening effect in the measurements for Raman gain. (b.) As24S38Se38 suffers from the photodarkening effect at high input pump irradiances. Measuring small Raman gains allows the measurements to be performed accurately within the dashed box. (c). Dominant photodarkeing effect in As2Se3 did not permit successful testing of this glass for Raman gain.

Tables (1)

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Table 1. Peak Raman gain coefficients of the measured germanium and arsenic based chalcogenide glasses, ratio of n2/n2,silica, and the surface optical damage threshold at 1064 nm using 25 ps pulse durations.

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