Abstract

The technology of hot-pressed Cr2+:ZnSe ceramic preparation is reported. Comparative gain-switched lasing of hot-pressed ceramic and CVD grown Cr2+:ZnSe samples with slope efficiencies up to 10% and output energies up to 2 mJ were demonstrated. This is a milestone in the development of future large scale mid-IR laser systems based on ceramic TM2+:II–VI materials. This evolving technology has excellent potential as media for practical low cost, high power mid-IR laser applications.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, S. and W. F. Krupke, "Transition metal-doped zinc chalcogenides: spectroscopy and laser demonstration of a new class of gain media," IEEE J. Quantum Electron 32,885-895 (1996).
    [CrossRef]
  2. R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K. T. Chen, A. Burger, "Cr2+-doped zinc chalcogenides as efficient, widely tunable mid-infrared lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron,  33/4609-619 (1997).
    [CrossRef]
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  7. A. V. Podlipensky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, M. Mond, E. Heumann, G. Huber, H. Kretschmann, S. Kuck, "Efficient laser operation and continuous-wave diode pumping of Cr2+:ZnSe single crystals," Appl. Phys. B, 72,253-255 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef]
  11. C-H. Su, S. Feth, M. P. Voltz, R. Matyi, M. A. George, K. Chattopadhyay, A. Burger, S. L. Lehoczky, "Vapor growth and characterization of Cr-doped ZnSe crystals," J. Crystal Growth 207, 35-42 (1999).
    [CrossRef]
  12. E. Carnall, S. E. Hatch, and W. F. Parsons, "Optical studies on hot-pressed Polycrystalline CaF2 with clean grain boundaries," Mater. Sci. Res. 3, 165-173 (1966)
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  16. A. Ikesue, T. Kinoshita, and K. Kamata, "Fabrication of polycrystalline, transparent YAG ceramics by a solid-state reaction method," J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78, 225-228 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  17. J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Song, C. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A.A. Kaminskii, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, "Optical properties and highly efficient laser oscillation of Nd:YAG ceramics," Appl. Phys. B 71, 469-473 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  18. J. Lu, T. Murai, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Misawa, M. Prabhu, J. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, A. A. Kaminskii, and A. Kudryashov, "72 W Nd:Y3Al5O12 ceramic laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3586-3588 (2001).
    [CrossRef]

2002 (1)

E. Sorokin and I. T. Sorokina, "Tunable diode-pumped continuous-wave Cr2+:ZnSe laser," Appl. Phys. Lett.  803289-3291 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001 (2)

A. V. Podlipensky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, M. Mond, E. Heumann, G. Huber, H. Kretschmann, S. Kuck, "Efficient laser operation and continuous-wave diode pumping of Cr2+:ZnSe single crystals," Appl. Phys. B, 72,253-255 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Lu, T. Murai, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Misawa, M. Prabhu, J. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, A. A. Kaminskii, and A. Kudryashov, "72 W Nd:Y3Al5O12 ceramic laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3586-3588 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000 (1)

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Song, C. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A.A. Kaminskii, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, "Optical properties and highly efficient laser oscillation of Nd:YAG ceramics," Appl. Phys. B 71, 469-473 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1999 (2)

G. J. Wagner, T. J. Carrig, R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, J. O. Ndap, X. Ma, A. Burger, "Continuous-wave broadly tunable Cr2+: ZnSe laser," Opt. Lett. 2419-21 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C-H. Su, S. Feth, M. P. Voltz, R. Matyi, M. A. George, K. Chattopadhyay, A. Burger, S. L. Lehoczky, "Vapor growth and characterization of Cr-doped ZnSe crystals," J. Crystal Growth 207, 35-42 (1999).
[CrossRef]

1997 (1)

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K. T. Chen, A. Burger, "Cr2+-doped zinc chalcogenides as efficient, widely tunable mid-infrared lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron,  33/4609-619 (1997).
[CrossRef]

1996 (1)

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, S. and W. F. Krupke, "Transition metal-doped zinc chalcogenides: spectroscopy and laser demonstration of a new class of gain media," IEEE J. Quantum Electron 32,885-895 (1996).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

A. Ikesue, T. Kinoshita, and K. Kamata, "Fabrication of polycrystalline, transparent YAG ceramics by a solid-state reaction method," J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78, 225-228 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1968 (1)

H. Kukimoto, S. Shionoya, T. Koda, T. and R. Hioki, "Infrared absorption due to donor states in ZnS crystals," J. Phys. Chem. Solids 29,935-940 (1968).
[CrossRef]

1966 (1)

E. Carnall, S. E. Hatch, and W. F. Parsons, "Optical studies on hot-pressed Polycrystalline CaF2 with clean grain boundaries," Mater. Sci. Res. 3, 165-173 (1966)

Burger, A.

G. J. Wagner, T. J. Carrig, R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, J. O. Ndap, X. Ma, A. Burger, "Continuous-wave broadly tunable Cr2+: ZnSe laser," Opt. Lett. 2419-21 (1999).
[CrossRef]

C-H. Su, S. Feth, M. P. Voltz, R. Matyi, M. A. George, K. Chattopadhyay, A. Burger, S. L. Lehoczky, "Vapor growth and characterization of Cr-doped ZnSe crystals," J. Crystal Growth 207, 35-42 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K. T. Chen, A. Burger, "Cr2+-doped zinc chalcogenides as efficient, widely tunable mid-infrared lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron,  33/4609-619 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Carnall, E.

E. Carnall, S. E. Hatch, and W. F. Parsons, "Optical studies on hot-pressed Polycrystalline CaF2 with clean grain boundaries," Mater. Sci. Res. 3, 165-173 (1966)

Carrig, T. J.

Chattopadhyay, K.

C-H. Su, S. Feth, M. P. Voltz, R. Matyi, M. A. George, K. Chattopadhyay, A. Burger, S. L. Lehoczky, "Vapor growth and characterization of Cr-doped ZnSe crystals," J. Crystal Growth 207, 35-42 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Chen, K. T.

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K. T. Chen, A. Burger, "Cr2+-doped zinc chalcogenides as efficient, widely tunable mid-infrared lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron,  33/4609-619 (1997).
[CrossRef]

DeLoach, L. D.

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K. T. Chen, A. Burger, "Cr2+-doped zinc chalcogenides as efficient, widely tunable mid-infrared lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron,  33/4609-619 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, S. and W. F. Krupke, "Transition metal-doped zinc chalcogenides: spectroscopy and laser demonstration of a new class of gain media," IEEE J. Quantum Electron 32,885-895 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Feth, S.

C-H. Su, S. Feth, M. P. Voltz, R. Matyi, M. A. George, K. Chattopadhyay, A. Burger, S. L. Lehoczky, "Vapor growth and characterization of Cr-doped ZnSe crystals," J. Crystal Growth 207, 35-42 (1999).
[CrossRef]

George, M. A.

C-H. Su, S. Feth, M. P. Voltz, R. Matyi, M. A. George, K. Chattopadhyay, A. Burger, S. L. Lehoczky, "Vapor growth and characterization of Cr-doped ZnSe crystals," J. Crystal Growth 207, 35-42 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Hatch, S. E.

E. Carnall, S. E. Hatch, and W. F. Parsons, "Optical studies on hot-pressed Polycrystalline CaF2 with clean grain boundaries," Mater. Sci. Res. 3, 165-173 (1966)

Heumann, E.

A. V. Podlipensky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, M. Mond, E. Heumann, G. Huber, H. Kretschmann, S. Kuck, "Efficient laser operation and continuous-wave diode pumping of Cr2+:ZnSe single crystals," Appl. Phys. B, 72,253-255 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Huber, G.

A. V. Podlipensky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, M. Mond, E. Heumann, G. Huber, H. Kretschmann, S. Kuck, "Efficient laser operation and continuous-wave diode pumping of Cr2+:ZnSe single crystals," Appl. Phys. B, 72,253-255 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ikesue, A.

A. Ikesue, T. Kinoshita, and K. Kamata, "Fabrication of polycrystalline, transparent YAG ceramics by a solid-state reaction method," J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78, 225-228 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kamata, K.

A. Ikesue, T. Kinoshita, and K. Kamata, "Fabrication of polycrystalline, transparent YAG ceramics by a solid-state reaction method," J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78, 225-228 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Kaminskii, A. A.

J. Lu, T. Murai, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Misawa, M. Prabhu, J. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, A. A. Kaminskii, and A. Kudryashov, "72 W Nd:Y3Al5O12 ceramic laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3586-3588 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kaminskii, A.A.

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Song, C. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A.A. Kaminskii, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, "Optical properties and highly efficient laser oscillation of Nd:YAG ceramics," Appl. Phys. B 71, 469-473 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Kinoshita, T.

A. Ikesue, T. Kinoshita, and K. Kamata, "Fabrication of polycrystalline, transparent YAG ceramics by a solid-state reaction method," J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78, 225-228 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Koda, T.

H. Kukimoto, S. Shionoya, T. Koda, T. and R. Hioki, "Infrared absorption due to donor states in ZnS crystals," J. Phys. Chem. Solids 29,935-940 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Kretschmann, H.

A. V. Podlipensky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, M. Mond, E. Heumann, G. Huber, H. Kretschmann, S. Kuck, "Efficient laser operation and continuous-wave diode pumping of Cr2+:ZnSe single crystals," Appl. Phys. B, 72,253-255 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Krupke, W. F.

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K. T. Chen, A. Burger, "Cr2+-doped zinc chalcogenides as efficient, widely tunable mid-infrared lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron,  33/4609-619 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Kuck, S.

A. V. Podlipensky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, M. Mond, E. Heumann, G. Huber, H. Kretschmann, S. Kuck, "Efficient laser operation and continuous-wave diode pumping of Cr2+:ZnSe single crystals," Appl. Phys. B, 72,253-255 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kudryashov, A.

J. Lu, T. Murai, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Misawa, M. Prabhu, J. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, A. A. Kaminskii, and A. Kudryashov, "72 W Nd:Y3Al5O12 ceramic laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3586-3588 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Kukimoto, H.

H. Kukimoto, S. Shionoya, T. Koda, T. and R. Hioki, "Infrared absorption due to donor states in ZnS crystals," J. Phys. Chem. Solids 29,935-940 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Kuleshov, N. V.

A. V. Podlipensky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, M. Mond, E. Heumann, G. Huber, H. Kretschmann, S. Kuck, "Efficient laser operation and continuous-wave diode pumping of Cr2+:ZnSe single crystals," Appl. Phys. B, 72,253-255 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Lehoczky, S. L.

C-H. Su, S. Feth, M. P. Voltz, R. Matyi, M. A. George, K. Chattopadhyay, A. Burger, S. L. Lehoczky, "Vapor growth and characterization of Cr-doped ZnSe crystals," J. Crystal Growth 207, 35-42 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Levchenko, V. I.

A. V. Podlipensky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, M. Mond, E. Heumann, G. Huber, H. Kretschmann, S. Kuck, "Efficient laser operation and continuous-wave diode pumping of Cr2+:ZnSe single crystals," Appl. Phys. B, 72,253-255 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Li, C.

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Song, C. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A.A. Kaminskii, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, "Optical properties and highly efficient laser oscillation of Nd:YAG ceramics," Appl. Phys. B 71, 469-473 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Lu, J.

J. Lu, T. Murai, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Misawa, M. Prabhu, J. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, A. A. Kaminskii, and A. Kudryashov, "72 W Nd:Y3Al5O12 ceramic laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3586-3588 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Song, C. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A.A. Kaminskii, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, "Optical properties and highly efficient laser oscillation of Nd:YAG ceramics," Appl. Phys. B 71, 469-473 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Ma, X.

Matyi, R.

C-H. Su, S. Feth, M. P. Voltz, R. Matyi, M. A. George, K. Chattopadhyay, A. Burger, S. L. Lehoczky, "Vapor growth and characterization of Cr-doped ZnSe crystals," J. Crystal Growth 207, 35-42 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Misawa, K.

J. Lu, T. Murai, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Misawa, M. Prabhu, J. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, A. A. Kaminskii, and A. Kudryashov, "72 W Nd:Y3Al5O12 ceramic laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3586-3588 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Mond, M.

A. V. Podlipensky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, M. Mond, E. Heumann, G. Huber, H. Kretschmann, S. Kuck, "Efficient laser operation and continuous-wave diode pumping of Cr2+:ZnSe single crystals," Appl. Phys. B, 72,253-255 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Murai, T.

J. Lu, T. Murai, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Misawa, M. Prabhu, J. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, A. A. Kaminskii, and A. Kudryashov, "72 W Nd:Y3Al5O12 ceramic laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3586-3588 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Ndap, J. O.

Page, R. H.

G. J. Wagner, T. J. Carrig, R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, J. O. Ndap, X. Ma, A. Burger, "Continuous-wave broadly tunable Cr2+: ZnSe laser," Opt. Lett. 2419-21 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K. T. Chen, A. Burger, "Cr2+-doped zinc chalcogenides as efficient, widely tunable mid-infrared lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron,  33/4609-619 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, S. and W. F. Krupke, "Transition metal-doped zinc chalcogenides: spectroscopy and laser demonstration of a new class of gain media," IEEE J. Quantum Electron 32,885-895 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Parsons, W. F.

E. Carnall, S. E. Hatch, and W. F. Parsons, "Optical studies on hot-pressed Polycrystalline CaF2 with clean grain boundaries," Mater. Sci. Res. 3, 165-173 (1966)

Patel, F. D.

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K. T. Chen, A. Burger, "Cr2+-doped zinc chalcogenides as efficient, widely tunable mid-infrared lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron,  33/4609-619 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Payne, S. A.

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K. T. Chen, A. Burger, "Cr2+-doped zinc chalcogenides as efficient, widely tunable mid-infrared lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron,  33/4609-619 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, S. and W. F. Krupke, "Transition metal-doped zinc chalcogenides: spectroscopy and laser demonstration of a new class of gain media," IEEE J. Quantum Electron 32,885-895 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Podlipensky, A. V.

A. V. Podlipensky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, M. Mond, E. Heumann, G. Huber, H. Kretschmann, S. Kuck, "Efficient laser operation and continuous-wave diode pumping of Cr2+:ZnSe single crystals," Appl. Phys. B, 72,253-255 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Prabhu, M.

J. Lu, T. Murai, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Misawa, M. Prabhu, J. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, A. A. Kaminskii, and A. Kudryashov, "72 W Nd:Y3Al5O12 ceramic laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3586-3588 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Song, C. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A.A. Kaminskii, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, "Optical properties and highly efficient laser oscillation of Nd:YAG ceramics," Appl. Phys. B 71, 469-473 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Schaffers, K. I.

G. J. Wagner, T. J. Carrig, R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, J. O. Ndap, X. Ma, A. Burger, "Continuous-wave broadly tunable Cr2+: ZnSe laser," Opt. Lett. 2419-21 (1999).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K. T. Chen, A. Burger, "Cr2+-doped zinc chalcogenides as efficient, widely tunable mid-infrared lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron,  33/4609-619 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Shcherbitsky, V. G.

A. V. Podlipensky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, M. Mond, E. Heumann, G. Huber, H. Kretschmann, S. Kuck, "Efficient laser operation and continuous-wave diode pumping of Cr2+:ZnSe single crystals," Appl. Phys. B, 72,253-255 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Shionoya, S.

H. Kukimoto, S. Shionoya, T. Koda, T. and R. Hioki, "Infrared absorption due to donor states in ZnS crystals," J. Phys. Chem. Solids 29,935-940 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Song, J.

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Song, C. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A.A. Kaminskii, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, "Optical properties and highly efficient laser oscillation of Nd:YAG ceramics," Appl. Phys. B 71, 469-473 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Sorokin, E.

E. Sorokin and I. T. Sorokina, "Tunable diode-pumped continuous-wave Cr2+:ZnSe laser," Appl. Phys. Lett.  803289-3291 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sorokina, I. T.

E. Sorokin and I. T. Sorokina, "Tunable diode-pumped continuous-wave Cr2+:ZnSe laser," Appl. Phys. Lett.  803289-3291 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Su, C-H.

C-H. Su, S. Feth, M. P. Voltz, R. Matyi, M. A. George, K. Chattopadhyay, A. Burger, S. L. Lehoczky, "Vapor growth and characterization of Cr-doped ZnSe crystals," J. Crystal Growth 207, 35-42 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Takaichi, K.

J. Lu, T. Murai, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Misawa, M. Prabhu, J. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, A. A. Kaminskii, and A. Kudryashov, "72 W Nd:Y3Al5O12 ceramic laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3586-3588 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tassano, J. B.

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K. T. Chen, A. Burger, "Cr2+-doped zinc chalcogenides as efficient, widely tunable mid-infrared lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron,  33/4609-619 (1997).
[CrossRef]

Ueda, K.

J. Lu, T. Murai, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Misawa, M. Prabhu, J. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, A. A. Kaminskii, and A. Kudryashov, "72 W Nd:Y3Al5O12 ceramic laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3586-3588 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Song, C. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A.A. Kaminskii, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, "Optical properties and highly efficient laser oscillation of Nd:YAG ceramics," Appl. Phys. B 71, 469-473 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Uematsu, T.

J. Lu, T. Murai, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Misawa, M. Prabhu, J. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, A. A. Kaminskii, and A. Kudryashov, "72 W Nd:Y3Al5O12 ceramic laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3586-3588 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Voltz, M. P.

C-H. Su, S. Feth, M. P. Voltz, R. Matyi, M. A. George, K. Chattopadhyay, A. Burger, S. L. Lehoczky, "Vapor growth and characterization of Cr-doped ZnSe crystals," J. Crystal Growth 207, 35-42 (1999).
[CrossRef]

Wagner, G. J.

Wilke, G. D.

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K. T. Chen, A. Burger, "Cr2+-doped zinc chalcogenides as efficient, widely tunable mid-infrared lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron,  33/4609-619 (1997).
[CrossRef]

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, S. and W. F. Krupke, "Transition metal-doped zinc chalcogenides: spectroscopy and laser demonstration of a new class of gain media," IEEE J. Quantum Electron 32,885-895 (1996).
[CrossRef]

Xu, J.

J. Lu, T. Murai, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Misawa, M. Prabhu, J. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, A. A. Kaminskii, and A. Kudryashov, "72 W Nd:Y3Al5O12 ceramic laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3586-3588 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Song, C. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A.A. Kaminskii, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, "Optical properties and highly efficient laser oscillation of Nd:YAG ceramics," Appl. Phys. B 71, 469-473 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yagi, H.

J. Lu, T. Murai, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Misawa, M. Prabhu, J. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, A. A. Kaminskii, and A. Kudryashov, "72 W Nd:Y3Al5O12 ceramic laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3586-3588 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Song, C. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A.A. Kaminskii, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, "Optical properties and highly efficient laser oscillation of Nd:YAG ceramics," Appl. Phys. B 71, 469-473 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Yakimovich, V. N.

A. V. Podlipensky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, M. Mond, E. Heumann, G. Huber, H. Kretschmann, S. Kuck, "Efficient laser operation and continuous-wave diode pumping of Cr2+:ZnSe single crystals," Appl. Phys. B, 72,253-255 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Yanagitani, T.

J. Lu, T. Murai, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Misawa, M. Prabhu, J. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, A. A. Kaminskii, and A. Kudryashov, "72 W Nd:Y3Al5O12 ceramic laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3586-3588 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Song, C. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A.A. Kaminskii, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, "Optical properties and highly efficient laser oscillation of Nd:YAG ceramics," Appl. Phys. B 71, 469-473 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. B (2)

A. V. Podlipensky, V. G. Shcherbitsky, N. V. Kuleshov, V. I. Levchenko, V. N. Yakimovich, M. Mond, E. Heumann, G. Huber, H. Kretschmann, S. Kuck, "Efficient laser operation and continuous-wave diode pumping of Cr2+:ZnSe single crystals," Appl. Phys. B, 72,253-255 (2001).
[CrossRef]

J. Lu, M. Prabhu, J. Song, C. Li, J. Xu, K. Ueda, A.A. Kaminskii, H. Yagi, and T. Yanagitani, "Optical properties and highly efficient laser oscillation of Nd:YAG ceramics," Appl. Phys. B 71, 469-473 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett (1)

E. Sorokin and I. T. Sorokina, "Tunable diode-pumped continuous-wave Cr2+:ZnSe laser," Appl. Phys. Lett.  803289-3291 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

J. Lu, T. Murai, K. Takaichi, T. Uematsu, K. Misawa, M. Prabhu, J. Xu, K. Ueda, H. Yagi, T. Yanagitani, A. A. Kaminskii, and A. Kudryashov, "72 W Nd:Y3Al5O12 ceramic laser," Appl. Phys. Lett. 78, 3586-3588 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron (2)

L. D. DeLoach, R. H. Page, G. D. Wilke, S. A. Payne, S. and W. F. Krupke, "Transition metal-doped zinc chalcogenides: spectroscopy and laser demonstration of a new class of gain media," IEEE J. Quantum Electron 32,885-895 (1996).
[CrossRef]

R. H. Page, K. I. Schaffers, L. D. DeLoach, G. D. Wilke, F. D. Patel, J. B. Tassano, S. A. Payne, W. F. Krupke, K. T. Chen, A. Burger, "Cr2+-doped zinc chalcogenides as efficient, widely tunable mid-infrared lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron,  33/4609-619 (1997).
[CrossRef]

J. Am. Ceram. Soc. (1)

A. Ikesue, T. Kinoshita, and K. Kamata, "Fabrication of polycrystalline, transparent YAG ceramics by a solid-state reaction method," J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 78, 225-228 (1995).
[CrossRef]

J. Crystal Growth (1)

C-H. Su, S. Feth, M. P. Voltz, R. Matyi, M. A. George, K. Chattopadhyay, A. Burger, S. L. Lehoczky, "Vapor growth and characterization of Cr-doped ZnSe crystals," J. Crystal Growth 207, 35-42 (1999).
[CrossRef]

J. Phys. Chem. Solids (1)

H. Kukimoto, S. Shionoya, T. Koda, T. and R. Hioki, "Infrared absorption due to donor states in ZnS crystals," J. Phys. Chem. Solids 29,935-940 (1968).
[CrossRef]

Mater. Sci. Res. (1)

E. Carnall, S. E. Hatch, and W. F. Parsons, "Optical studies on hot-pressed Polycrystalline CaF2 with clean grain boundaries," Mater. Sci. Res. 3, 165-173 (1966)

Opt. Lett. (1)

Other (7)

T. J. Carrig, G. J. Wagner, G. J. A. Sennaroglu, J. Y. Jeong, and C. R. Pollock, "Acousto-optic mode-locking of a Cr2+: ZnSe laser," in Advanced Solid State Lasers, H. Injeyan, U. Keller, and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 34 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC 2001), p 182-187.

E. Sorokin, I. T. Sorokina, and R. H. Page, "Room-temperature CW diode-pumped Cr2+:ZnSe laser" in Advanced Solid State Lasers, S. Payne and C. Marshall, eds., Vol. 46 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC 2001), pp.101-105.

K. Graham, S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, M. E. Zvanut, A. Avanesov, V. Badikov, B. Ignat'ev, V. Panyutin, and G. Shevirdyaeva, "Spectroscopic characterization and laser performance of diffusion doped Cr2+:ZnS," in Advanced Solid State Lasers, S. Payne and C. Marshall, Eds., Vol. 46 of OSA Proceedings Series (Optical Society of America, Washington, DC 2001), p. 561-567.

K. Graham, S. B. Mirov, V. V. Fedorov, M. E. Zvanut, A. Avanesov, V. Badikov, B. Ignat’ev, V. Panyutin, and G. Shevirdyaeva, "Laser performance of Cr2+ doped ZnS," in Solid State Lasers X, R. Scheps, ed., Proc. SPIE 4267, 81-88 (2001).

D. R. Vij and N. Singh, Luminescence and related properties of II-VI semiconductors (Nova Science Publishers Inc., Commack, NY, 1998).

T. Yanagiya, H. Yagi, and A. Ichikawa, "Production of yttrium-aluminum-garnet fine powder," Japanese patent (24 September 1996)10 - 101333(1998)

T. Yanagiya, H. Yagi, and H. Yamazaki, "Production of fine powder of yttrium aluminum garnet," Japanese patent (24 September 1996) 10 - 101411(1998).

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

XRD spectrum of CVD grown and Ceramic Cr:ZnSe samples.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

The XRD spectrum (black dots) is fit with the superposition of two lorentzian curves (red, green) so that a reasonable fit (blue) is made to the data for the 311 peak.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

Absorption spectra of Cr2+:ZnSe samples. (A) polycrystalline, thermo-diffusion doped Cr2+:ZnSe; (B) and (C) hot-pressed Cr2+:ZnSe ceramics

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Luminescence lifetime measurements for hot-pressed Ceramic and polycrystalline samples under 1.91 µm pumping.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Schematic diagram of gain-switched hot-pressed ceramic (A) and polycrystalline (B) Cr2+:ZnSe lasers.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

The output characteristics of the gain-switched Cr2+:ZnSe based on polycrystalline sample (A) and hot-pressed ceramic (B and C).

Equations (3)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

t = λ B cos ( θ )
B = B m 2 B s 2
L ( θ ) = 1 π 1 2 Γ ( θ θ o ) 2 + ( 1 2 Γ ) 2 , Γ = FWHM

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