Abstract

A diode-pumped efficient 2.05-µm Tm,Ho:GdVO4 laser with high beam quality is reported. The cavity configuration was optimized for weakening influence of thermal effect to resonator stability and mode-coupling. A conversion efficiency of 46% and a slope efficiency of 50% were obtained with continuous-wave (CW) output power of 10.5 W at 77 K. A repetitively Q-switched laser also achieved 10.1 W of output power at 10 kHz. A beam quality factor of M 2<1.1 was measured by the traveling knife-edge method. In addition, the energy per pulse of 1.9 mJ was obtained at 5 kHz, corresponding to the peak power of 0.14 MW.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. P. A. Budni, L. A. Pomeranz, M. L. Lemons, P. G. Schunemann, T. M. Pollak, and E. P. Chicklis, "10 W mid-IR Holmium pumped ZnGeP2 OPO," Advanced Solid State Lasers 19, 226-229 (1998).
  2. S. Haidar, K. Miyamoto, and H. Ito, "Generation of tunable mid-IR (5.5-9.3 μm) from a 2-μm pumped ZnGeP2 optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 241, 173-178 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  3. S. Chandra, M. Wager, B. Clayton, A. Geiser, T. H. Allik, J. L. Ahl, C. Miller, P. Budni, P. Ketteridge, K. Lanier, E. Chicklis, J. A. Hutchinson, and W. W. Hovis, "2-micron pumped 8-12 micron OPO source for remote chemical sensing," Proc. SPIE. 4036, 200-208 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  5. P. A. Budni, M. G. Knights, E. P. Chicklis, and H. P. Jenssen, "Performance of a diode-pumped high PRF Tm,Ho:YLF laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1029-1032 (1992).
    [CrossRef]
  6. I. F. Elder, and M. J. P. Payne, "Lasing in diode-pumped Tm:YAP, Tm,Ho:YAP and Tm,Ho:YLF," Opt. Commun. 145, 329-339 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  7. F. Cornacchia, E. Sani, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, M. Marano, S. Taccheo, G. Galzerano, and P. Laporta, "Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser characteristics of codoped Tm-Ho:YLF and Tm-Ho:BaYF: a comparative analysis," Appl. Phys. B 75, 817-822 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  8. P. J. Morris, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, Y. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studenikin, I. Shcherbakov, and A. I. Zagumenyi, "Laser operation and spectroscopy of Tm:Ho:GdVO4," Opt. Commun. 111, 493-496 (1994).
    [CrossRef]
  9. A. Sato, K. Asai, and K. Mizutani, "Lasing characteristics and optimizations of a diode-side-pumped Tm,Ho:GdVO4 laser," Opt. Lett. 29, 836-838 (2004).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
  10. K. S. Lai, P. B. Phua, R. F. Wu, Y. L. Lim, E. Lau, S. W. Toh, B. T. Toh, and A. Chng, "120-W continuous-wave diode-pumped Tm:YAG laser," Opt. Lett. 25, 1591-1593 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  11. P. A. Budni, M. L. Lemons, J. R. Mosto, and E. P. Chicklis, "High-power/high-brightness diode-pumped 1.9-μm thulium and resonantly pumped 2.1-μm holmium lasers," IEEE J. Selected Topics Quantum Electron. 6, 629-635 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  12. C. Bollig, R. A. Hayward, W. A. Clarkson, and D. C. Hanna, "2-W Ho:YAG laser intracavity pumped by a diode-pumped Tm:YAG laser," Opt. Lett. 23, 1757-1759 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  13. D. Y. Shen, A. Abdolvand, L. J. Cooper, and W. A. Clarkson, "Efficient Ho:YAG laser pumped by a cladding-pumped tunable Tm:silica-fibre laser," Appl. Phys. B 79, 559-561 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  14. E. Sani, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, N. Coluccelli, G. Galzerano, and P. Laporta, "Comparative analysis of Tm-Ho:KYF4 laser crystals," Appl. Phys. B 81, 847-851 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
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    [CrossRef] [PubMed]
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    [CrossRef]
  17. D. A. Rockwell, "A review of phase-conjugate solid-state lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1124-1140 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  18. M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, and R. A. Fields, "Thermal modeling of continuous-wave end-pumped solid-state lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1831-1833 (1990).
    [CrossRef]
  19. B. Neuenschwander, R. Weber, and H. P. Weber, "Determination of the thermal lens in solid-state lasers with stable cavities," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1082-1087 (1995).
    [CrossRef]
  20. T. Y. Fan, G. Huber, R. L. Byer, and P. Mitzscherlich, "Spectroscopy and diode laser-pumped operation of Tm,Ho:YAG," IEEE J. Quamtum Electron. 24, 924-933 (1988).
    [CrossRef]
  21. J. M. Khosrofian, and B. A. Garetz, "Measurement of a Gaussian laser beam diameter through the direct inversion of a knife-edge data," Appl. Opt. 22, 3406-3410 (1983).
    [CrossRef] [PubMed]

2006 (1)

2005 (1)

E. Sani, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, N. Coluccelli, G. Galzerano, and P. Laporta, "Comparative analysis of Tm-Ho:KYF4 laser crystals," Appl. Phys. B 81, 847-851 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004 (3)

D. Y. Shen, A. Abdolvand, L. J. Cooper, and W. A. Clarkson, "Efficient Ho:YAG laser pumped by a cladding-pumped tunable Tm:silica-fibre laser," Appl. Phys. B 79, 559-561 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Haidar, K. Miyamoto, and H. Ito, "Generation of tunable mid-IR (5.5-9.3 μm) from a 2-μm pumped ZnGeP2 optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 241, 173-178 (2004).
[CrossRef]

A. Sato, K. Asai, and K. Mizutani, "Lasing characteristics and optimizations of a diode-side-pumped Tm,Ho:GdVO4 laser," Opt. Lett. 29, 836-838 (2004).
[CrossRef] [PubMed]

2002 (1)

F. Cornacchia, E. Sani, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, M. Marano, S. Taccheo, G. Galzerano, and P. Laporta, "Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser characteristics of codoped Tm-Ho:YLF and Tm-Ho:BaYF: a comparative analysis," Appl. Phys. B 75, 817-822 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2000 (3)

K. S. Lai, P. B. Phua, R. F. Wu, Y. L. Lim, E. Lau, S. W. Toh, B. T. Toh, and A. Chng, "120-W continuous-wave diode-pumped Tm:YAG laser," Opt. Lett. 25, 1591-1593 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Budni, M. L. Lemons, J. R. Mosto, and E. P. Chicklis, "High-power/high-brightness diode-pumped 1.9-μm thulium and resonantly pumped 2.1-μm holmium lasers," IEEE J. Selected Topics Quantum Electron. 6, 629-635 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Chandra, M. Wager, B. Clayton, A. Geiser, T. H. Allik, J. L. Ahl, C. Miller, P. Budni, P. Ketteridge, K. Lanier, E. Chicklis, J. A. Hutchinson, and W. W. Hovis, "2-micron pumped 8-12 micron OPO source for remote chemical sensing," Proc. SPIE. 4036, 200-208 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998 (3)

P. A. Budni, L. A. Pomeranz, M. L. Lemons, P. G. Schunemann, T. M. Pollak, and E. P. Chicklis, "10 W mid-IR Holmium pumped ZnGeP2 OPO," Advanced Solid State Lasers 19, 226-229 (1998).

C. Bollig, R. A. Hayward, W. A. Clarkson, and D. C. Hanna, "2-W Ho:YAG laser intracavity pumped by a diode-pumped Tm:YAG laser," Opt. Lett. 23, 1757-1759 (1998).
[CrossRef]

I. F. Elder, and M. J. P. Payne, "Lasing in diode-pumped Tm:YAP, Tm,Ho:YAP and Tm,Ho:YLF," Opt. Commun. 145, 329-339 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1995 (1)

B. Neuenschwander, R. Weber, and H. P. Weber, "Determination of the thermal lens in solid-state lasers with stable cavities," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1082-1087 (1995).
[CrossRef]

1994 (1)

P. J. Morris, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, Y. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studenikin, I. Shcherbakov, and A. I. Zagumenyi, "Laser operation and spectroscopy of Tm:Ho:GdVO4," Opt. Commun. 111, 493-496 (1994).
[CrossRef]

1993 (1)

M. E. Storm, "Holmium YLF amplifier performance and the prospects for multi-joule energies using diode-laser pumping," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 440-451 (1993).
[CrossRef]

1992 (1)

P. A. Budni, M. G. Knights, E. P. Chicklis, and H. P. Jenssen, "Performance of a diode-pumped high PRF Tm,Ho:YLF laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1029-1032 (1992).
[CrossRef]

1990 (1)

M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, and R. A. Fields, "Thermal modeling of continuous-wave end-pumped solid-state lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1831-1833 (1990).
[CrossRef]

1989 (1)

1988 (2)

D. A. Rockwell, "A review of phase-conjugate solid-state lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1124-1140 (1988).
[CrossRef]

T. Y. Fan, G. Huber, R. L. Byer, and P. Mitzscherlich, "Spectroscopy and diode laser-pumped operation of Tm,Ho:YAG," IEEE J. Quamtum Electron. 24, 924-933 (1988).
[CrossRef]

1983 (1)

Abdolvand, A.

D. Y. Shen, A. Abdolvand, L. J. Cooper, and W. A. Clarkson, "Efficient Ho:YAG laser pumped by a cladding-pumped tunable Tm:silica-fibre laser," Appl. Phys. B 79, 559-561 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Ahl, J. L.

S. Chandra, M. Wager, B. Clayton, A. Geiser, T. H. Allik, J. L. Ahl, C. Miller, P. Budni, P. Ketteridge, K. Lanier, E. Chicklis, J. A. Hutchinson, and W. W. Hovis, "2-micron pumped 8-12 micron OPO source for remote chemical sensing," Proc. SPIE. 4036, 200-208 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Allik, T. H.

S. Chandra, M. Wager, B. Clayton, A. Geiser, T. H. Allik, J. L. Ahl, C. Miller, P. Budni, P. Ketteridge, K. Lanier, E. Chicklis, J. A. Hutchinson, and W. W. Hovis, "2-micron pumped 8-12 micron OPO source for remote chemical sensing," Proc. SPIE. 4036, 200-208 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Asai, K.

Bai, Y.

Bollig, C.

Budni, P.

S. Chandra, M. Wager, B. Clayton, A. Geiser, T. H. Allik, J. L. Ahl, C. Miller, P. Budni, P. Ketteridge, K. Lanier, E. Chicklis, J. A. Hutchinson, and W. W. Hovis, "2-micron pumped 8-12 micron OPO source for remote chemical sensing," Proc. SPIE. 4036, 200-208 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Budni, P. A.

P. A. Budni, M. L. Lemons, J. R. Mosto, and E. P. Chicklis, "High-power/high-brightness diode-pumped 1.9-μm thulium and resonantly pumped 2.1-μm holmium lasers," IEEE J. Selected Topics Quantum Electron. 6, 629-635 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Budni, L. A. Pomeranz, M. L. Lemons, P. G. Schunemann, T. M. Pollak, and E. P. Chicklis, "10 W mid-IR Holmium pumped ZnGeP2 OPO," Advanced Solid State Lasers 19, 226-229 (1998).

P. A. Budni, M. G. Knights, E. P. Chicklis, and H. P. Jenssen, "Performance of a diode-pumped high PRF Tm,Ho:YLF laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1029-1032 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Byer, R. L.

T. Y. Fan, G. Huber, R. L. Byer, and P. Mitzscherlich, "Spectroscopy and diode laser-pumped operation of Tm,Ho:YAG," IEEE J. Quamtum Electron. 24, 924-933 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Chandra, S.

S. Chandra, M. Wager, B. Clayton, A. Geiser, T. H. Allik, J. L. Ahl, C. Miller, P. Budni, P. Ketteridge, K. Lanier, E. Chicklis, J. A. Hutchinson, and W. W. Hovis, "2-micron pumped 8-12 micron OPO source for remote chemical sensing," Proc. SPIE. 4036, 200-208 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chen, S.

Chicklis, E.

S. Chandra, M. Wager, B. Clayton, A. Geiser, T. H. Allik, J. L. Ahl, C. Miller, P. Budni, P. Ketteridge, K. Lanier, E. Chicklis, J. A. Hutchinson, and W. W. Hovis, "2-micron pumped 8-12 micron OPO source for remote chemical sensing," Proc. SPIE. 4036, 200-208 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Chicklis, E. P.

P. A. Budni, M. L. Lemons, J. R. Mosto, and E. P. Chicklis, "High-power/high-brightness diode-pumped 1.9-μm thulium and resonantly pumped 2.1-μm holmium lasers," IEEE J. Selected Topics Quantum Electron. 6, 629-635 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Budni, L. A. Pomeranz, M. L. Lemons, P. G. Schunemann, T. M. Pollak, and E. P. Chicklis, "10 W mid-IR Holmium pumped ZnGeP2 OPO," Advanced Solid State Lasers 19, 226-229 (1998).

P. A. Budni, M. G. Knights, E. P. Chicklis, and H. P. Jenssen, "Performance of a diode-pumped high PRF Tm,Ho:YLF laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1029-1032 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Chng, A.

Clarkson, W. A.

D. Y. Shen, A. Abdolvand, L. J. Cooper, and W. A. Clarkson, "Efficient Ho:YAG laser pumped by a cladding-pumped tunable Tm:silica-fibre laser," Appl. Phys. B 79, 559-561 (2004).
[CrossRef]

C. Bollig, R. A. Hayward, W. A. Clarkson, and D. C. Hanna, "2-W Ho:YAG laser intracavity pumped by a diode-pumped Tm:YAG laser," Opt. Lett. 23, 1757-1759 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Clayton, B.

S. Chandra, M. Wager, B. Clayton, A. Geiser, T. H. Allik, J. L. Ahl, C. Miller, P. Budni, P. Ketteridge, K. Lanier, E. Chicklis, J. A. Hutchinson, and W. W. Hovis, "2-micron pumped 8-12 micron OPO source for remote chemical sensing," Proc. SPIE. 4036, 200-208 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Coluccelli, N.

E. Sani, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, N. Coluccelli, G. Galzerano, and P. Laporta, "Comparative analysis of Tm-Ho:KYF4 laser crystals," Appl. Phys. B 81, 847-851 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Cooper, L. J.

D. Y. Shen, A. Abdolvand, L. J. Cooper, and W. A. Clarkson, "Efficient Ho:YAG laser pumped by a cladding-pumped tunable Tm:silica-fibre laser," Appl. Phys. B 79, 559-561 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Cornacchia, F.

F. Cornacchia, E. Sani, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, M. Marano, S. Taccheo, G. Galzerano, and P. Laporta, "Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser characteristics of codoped Tm-Ho:YLF and Tm-Ho:BaYF: a comparative analysis," Appl. Phys. B 75, 817-822 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Elder, I. F.

I. F. Elder, and M. J. P. Payne, "Lasing in diode-pumped Tm:YAP, Tm,Ho:YAP and Tm,Ho:YLF," Opt. Commun. 145, 329-339 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Fan, T. Y.

T. Y. Fan, G. Huber, R. L. Byer, and P. Mitzscherlich, "Spectroscopy and diode laser-pumped operation of Tm,Ho:YAG," IEEE J. Quamtum Electron. 24, 924-933 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Fields, R. A.

M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, and R. A. Fields, "Thermal modeling of continuous-wave end-pumped solid-state lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1831-1833 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Fincher, C. L.

M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, and R. A. Fields, "Thermal modeling of continuous-wave end-pumped solid-state lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1831-1833 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Galzerano, G.

E. Sani, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, N. Coluccelli, G. Galzerano, and P. Laporta, "Comparative analysis of Tm-Ho:KYF4 laser crystals," Appl. Phys. B 81, 847-851 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Cornacchia, E. Sani, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, M. Marano, S. Taccheo, G. Galzerano, and P. Laporta, "Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser characteristics of codoped Tm-Ho:YLF and Tm-Ho:BaYF: a comparative analysis," Appl. Phys. B 75, 817-822 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Garetz, B. A.

Geiser, A.

S. Chandra, M. Wager, B. Clayton, A. Geiser, T. H. Allik, J. L. Ahl, C. Miller, P. Budni, P. Ketteridge, K. Lanier, E. Chicklis, J. A. Hutchinson, and W. W. Hovis, "2-micron pumped 8-12 micron OPO source for remote chemical sensing," Proc. SPIE. 4036, 200-208 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Haidar, S.

S. Haidar, K. Miyamoto, and H. Ito, "Generation of tunable mid-IR (5.5-9.3 μm) from a 2-μm pumped ZnGeP2 optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 241, 173-178 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Hanna, D. C.

Hayward, R. A.

Hemmati, H.

Hovis, W. W.

S. Chandra, M. Wager, B. Clayton, A. Geiser, T. H. Allik, J. L. Ahl, C. Miller, P. Budni, P. Ketteridge, K. Lanier, E. Chicklis, J. A. Hutchinson, and W. W. Hovis, "2-micron pumped 8-12 micron OPO source for remote chemical sensing," Proc. SPIE. 4036, 200-208 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Huber, G.

T. Y. Fan, G. Huber, R. L. Byer, and P. Mitzscherlich, "Spectroscopy and diode laser-pumped operation of Tm,Ho:YAG," IEEE J. Quamtum Electron. 24, 924-933 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Hutchinson, J. A.

S. Chandra, M. Wager, B. Clayton, A. Geiser, T. H. Allik, J. L. Ahl, C. Miller, P. Budni, P. Ketteridge, K. Lanier, E. Chicklis, J. A. Hutchinson, and W. W. Hovis, "2-micron pumped 8-12 micron OPO source for remote chemical sensing," Proc. SPIE. 4036, 200-208 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Innocenzi, M. E.

M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, and R. A. Fields, "Thermal modeling of continuous-wave end-pumped solid-state lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1831-1833 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Ito, H.

S. Haidar, K. Miyamoto, and H. Ito, "Generation of tunable mid-IR (5.5-9.3 μm) from a 2-μm pumped ZnGeP2 optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 241, 173-178 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Jenssen, H. P.

P. A. Budni, M. G. Knights, E. P. Chicklis, and H. P. Jenssen, "Performance of a diode-pumped high PRF Tm,Ho:YLF laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1029-1032 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Kavaya, M. J.

Ketteridge, P.

S. Chandra, M. Wager, B. Clayton, A. Geiser, T. H. Allik, J. L. Ahl, C. Miller, P. Budni, P. Ketteridge, K. Lanier, E. Chicklis, J. A. Hutchinson, and W. W. Hovis, "2-micron pumped 8-12 micron OPO source for remote chemical sensing," Proc. SPIE. 4036, 200-208 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Khosrofian, J. M.

Knights, M. G.

P. A. Budni, M. G. Knights, E. P. Chicklis, and H. P. Jenssen, "Performance of a diode-pumped high PRF Tm,Ho:YLF laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1029-1032 (1992).
[CrossRef]

Lai, K. S.

Lanier, K.

S. Chandra, M. Wager, B. Clayton, A. Geiser, T. H. Allik, J. L. Ahl, C. Miller, P. Budni, P. Ketteridge, K. Lanier, E. Chicklis, J. A. Hutchinson, and W. W. Hovis, "2-micron pumped 8-12 micron OPO source for remote chemical sensing," Proc. SPIE. 4036, 200-208 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Laporta, P.

E. Sani, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, N. Coluccelli, G. Galzerano, and P. Laporta, "Comparative analysis of Tm-Ho:KYF4 laser crystals," Appl. Phys. B 81, 847-851 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Cornacchia, E. Sani, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, M. Marano, S. Taccheo, G. Galzerano, and P. Laporta, "Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser characteristics of codoped Tm-Ho:YLF and Tm-Ho:BaYF: a comparative analysis," Appl. Phys. B 75, 817-822 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Lau, E.

Lemons, M. L.

P. A. Budni, M. L. Lemons, J. R. Mosto, and E. P. Chicklis, "High-power/high-brightness diode-pumped 1.9-μm thulium and resonantly pumped 2.1-μm holmium lasers," IEEE J. Selected Topics Quantum Electron. 6, 629-635 (2000).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Budni, L. A. Pomeranz, M. L. Lemons, P. G. Schunemann, T. M. Pollak, and E. P. Chicklis, "10 W mid-IR Holmium pumped ZnGeP2 OPO," Advanced Solid State Lasers 19, 226-229 (1998).

Lim, Y. L.

Lüthy, W.

P. J. Morris, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, Y. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studenikin, I. Shcherbakov, and A. I. Zagumenyi, "Laser operation and spectroscopy of Tm:Ho:GdVO4," Opt. Commun. 111, 493-496 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Marano, M.

F. Cornacchia, E. Sani, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, M. Marano, S. Taccheo, G. Galzerano, and P. Laporta, "Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser characteristics of codoped Tm-Ho:YLF and Tm-Ho:BaYF: a comparative analysis," Appl. Phys. B 75, 817-822 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Miller, C.

S. Chandra, M. Wager, B. Clayton, A. Geiser, T. H. Allik, J. L. Ahl, C. Miller, P. Budni, P. Ketteridge, K. Lanier, E. Chicklis, J. A. Hutchinson, and W. W. Hovis, "2-micron pumped 8-12 micron OPO source for remote chemical sensing," Proc. SPIE. 4036, 200-208 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Mitzscherlich, P.

T. Y. Fan, G. Huber, R. L. Byer, and P. Mitzscherlich, "Spectroscopy and diode laser-pumped operation of Tm,Ho:YAG," IEEE J. Quamtum Electron. 24, 924-933 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Miyamoto, K.

S. Haidar, K. Miyamoto, and H. Ito, "Generation of tunable mid-IR (5.5-9.3 μm) from a 2-μm pumped ZnGeP2 optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 241, 173-178 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Mizutani, K.

Modlin, E. A.

Morris, P. J.

P. J. Morris, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, Y. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studenikin, I. Shcherbakov, and A. I. Zagumenyi, "Laser operation and spectroscopy of Tm:Ho:GdVO4," Opt. Commun. 111, 493-496 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Mosto, J. R.

P. A. Budni, M. L. Lemons, J. R. Mosto, and E. P. Chicklis, "High-power/high-brightness diode-pumped 1.9-μm thulium and resonantly pumped 2.1-μm holmium lasers," IEEE J. Selected Topics Quantum Electron. 6, 629-635 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Neuenschwander, B.

B. Neuenschwander, R. Weber, and H. P. Weber, "Determination of the thermal lens in solid-state lasers with stable cavities," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1082-1087 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Payne, M. J. P.

I. F. Elder, and M. J. P. Payne, "Lasing in diode-pumped Tm:YAP, Tm,Ho:YAP and Tm,Ho:YLF," Opt. Commun. 145, 329-339 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Petros, M.

Petzar, P. J.

Phua, P. B.

Pollak, T. M.

P. A. Budni, L. A. Pomeranz, M. L. Lemons, P. G. Schunemann, T. M. Pollak, and E. P. Chicklis, "10 W mid-IR Holmium pumped ZnGeP2 OPO," Advanced Solid State Lasers 19, 226-229 (1998).

Pomeranz, L. A.

P. A. Budni, L. A. Pomeranz, M. L. Lemons, P. G. Schunemann, T. M. Pollak, and E. P. Chicklis, "10 W mid-IR Holmium pumped ZnGeP2 OPO," Advanced Solid State Lasers 19, 226-229 (1998).

Rockwell, D. A.

D. A. Rockwell, "A review of phase-conjugate solid-state lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1124-1140 (1988).
[CrossRef]

Sani, E.

E. Sani, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, N. Coluccelli, G. Galzerano, and P. Laporta, "Comparative analysis of Tm-Ho:KYF4 laser crystals," Appl. Phys. B 81, 847-851 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Cornacchia, E. Sani, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, M. Marano, S. Taccheo, G. Galzerano, and P. Laporta, "Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser characteristics of codoped Tm-Ho:YLF and Tm-Ho:BaYF: a comparative analysis," Appl. Phys. B 75, 817-822 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Sato, A.

Schunemann, P. G.

P. A. Budni, L. A. Pomeranz, M. L. Lemons, P. G. Schunemann, T. M. Pollak, and E. P. Chicklis, "10 W mid-IR Holmium pumped ZnGeP2 OPO," Advanced Solid State Lasers 19, 226-229 (1998).

Shcherbakov, I.

P. J. Morris, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, Y. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studenikin, I. Shcherbakov, and A. I. Zagumenyi, "Laser operation and spectroscopy of Tm:Ho:GdVO4," Opt. Commun. 111, 493-496 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Shen, D. Y.

D. Y. Shen, A. Abdolvand, L. J. Cooper, and W. A. Clarkson, "Efficient Ho:YAG laser pumped by a cladding-pumped tunable Tm:silica-fibre laser," Appl. Phys. B 79, 559-561 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Singh, U. N.

Storm, M. E.

M. E. Storm, "Holmium YLF amplifier performance and the prospects for multi-joule energies using diode-laser pumping," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 440-451 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Studenikin, P. A.

P. J. Morris, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, Y. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studenikin, I. Shcherbakov, and A. I. Zagumenyi, "Laser operation and spectroscopy of Tm:Ho:GdVO4," Opt. Commun. 111, 493-496 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Taccheo, S.

F. Cornacchia, E. Sani, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, M. Marano, S. Taccheo, G. Galzerano, and P. Laporta, "Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser characteristics of codoped Tm-Ho:YLF and Tm-Ho:BaYF: a comparative analysis," Appl. Phys. B 75, 817-822 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Toh, B. T.

Toh, S. W.

Toncelli, A.

E. Sani, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, N. Coluccelli, G. Galzerano, and P. Laporta, "Comparative analysis of Tm-Ho:KYF4 laser crystals," Appl. Phys. B 81, 847-851 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Cornacchia, E. Sani, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, M. Marano, S. Taccheo, G. Galzerano, and P. Laporta, "Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser characteristics of codoped Tm-Ho:YLF and Tm-Ho:BaYF: a comparative analysis," Appl. Phys. B 75, 817-822 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Tonelli, M.

E. Sani, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, N. Coluccelli, G. Galzerano, and P. Laporta, "Comparative analysis of Tm-Ho:KYF4 laser crystals," Appl. Phys. B 81, 847-851 (2005).
[CrossRef]

F. Cornacchia, E. Sani, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, M. Marano, S. Taccheo, G. Galzerano, and P. Laporta, "Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser characteristics of codoped Tm-Ho:YLF and Tm-Ho:BaYF: a comparative analysis," Appl. Phys. B 75, 817-822 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Trieu, B. C.

Wager, M.

S. Chandra, M. Wager, B. Clayton, A. Geiser, T. H. Allik, J. L. Ahl, C. Miller, P. Budni, P. Ketteridge, K. Lanier, E. Chicklis, J. A. Hutchinson, and W. W. Hovis, "2-micron pumped 8-12 micron OPO source for remote chemical sensing," Proc. SPIE. 4036, 200-208 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Weber, H. P.

B. Neuenschwander, R. Weber, and H. P. Weber, "Determination of the thermal lens in solid-state lasers with stable cavities," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1082-1087 (1995).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Morris, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, Y. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studenikin, I. Shcherbakov, and A. I. Zagumenyi, "Laser operation and spectroscopy of Tm:Ho:GdVO4," Opt. Commun. 111, 493-496 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Weber, R.

B. Neuenschwander, R. Weber, and H. P. Weber, "Determination of the thermal lens in solid-state lasers with stable cavities," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1082-1087 (1995).
[CrossRef]

Wu, R. F.

Yu, J.

Yura, H. T.

M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, and R. A. Fields, "Thermal modeling of continuous-wave end-pumped solid-state lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1831-1833 (1990).
[CrossRef]

Zagumenyi, A. I.

P. J. Morris, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, Y. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studenikin, I. Shcherbakov, and A. I. Zagumenyi, "Laser operation and spectroscopy of Tm:Ho:GdVO4," Opt. Commun. 111, 493-496 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Zavartsev, Y. D.

P. J. Morris, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, Y. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studenikin, I. Shcherbakov, and A. I. Zagumenyi, "Laser operation and spectroscopy of Tm:Ho:GdVO4," Opt. Commun. 111, 493-496 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Advanced Solid State Lasers (1)

P. A. Budni, L. A. Pomeranz, M. L. Lemons, P. G. Schunemann, T. M. Pollak, and E. P. Chicklis, "10 W mid-IR Holmium pumped ZnGeP2 OPO," Advanced Solid State Lasers 19, 226-229 (1998).

Appl. Opt. (1)

Appl. Phys. B (3)

F. Cornacchia, E. Sani, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, M. Marano, S. Taccheo, G. Galzerano, and P. Laporta, "Optical spectroscopy and diode-pumped laser characteristics of codoped Tm-Ho:YLF and Tm-Ho:BaYF: a comparative analysis," Appl. Phys. B 75, 817-822 (2002).
[CrossRef]

D. Y. Shen, A. Abdolvand, L. J. Cooper, and W. A. Clarkson, "Efficient Ho:YAG laser pumped by a cladding-pumped tunable Tm:silica-fibre laser," Appl. Phys. B 79, 559-561 (2004).
[CrossRef]

E. Sani, A. Toncelli, M. Tonelli, N. Coluccelli, G. Galzerano, and P. Laporta, "Comparative analysis of Tm-Ho:KYF4 laser crystals," Appl. Phys. B 81, 847-851 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Appl. Phys. Lett. (1)

M. E. Innocenzi, H. T. Yura, C. L. Fincher, and R. A. Fields, "Thermal modeling of continuous-wave end-pumped solid-state lasers," Appl. Phys. Lett. 56, 1831-1833 (1990).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quamtum Electron. (1)

T. Y. Fan, G. Huber, R. L. Byer, and P. Mitzscherlich, "Spectroscopy and diode laser-pumped operation of Tm,Ho:YAG," IEEE J. Quamtum Electron. 24, 924-933 (1988).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Quantum Electron. (4)

B. Neuenschwander, R. Weber, and H. P. Weber, "Determination of the thermal lens in solid-state lasers with stable cavities," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 31, 1082-1087 (1995).
[CrossRef]

M. E. Storm, "Holmium YLF amplifier performance and the prospects for multi-joule energies using diode-laser pumping," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 29, 440-451 (1993).
[CrossRef]

D. A. Rockwell, "A review of phase-conjugate solid-state lasers," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 24, 1124-1140 (1988).
[CrossRef]

P. A. Budni, M. G. Knights, E. P. Chicklis, and H. P. Jenssen, "Performance of a diode-pumped high PRF Tm,Ho:YLF laser," IEEE J. Quantum Electron. 28, 1029-1032 (1992).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Selected Topics Quantum Electron. (1)

P. A. Budni, M. L. Lemons, J. R. Mosto, and E. P. Chicklis, "High-power/high-brightness diode-pumped 1.9-μm thulium and resonantly pumped 2.1-μm holmium lasers," IEEE J. Selected Topics Quantum Electron. 6, 629-635 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Commun. (3)

I. F. Elder, and M. J. P. Payne, "Lasing in diode-pumped Tm:YAP, Tm,Ho:YAP and Tm,Ho:YLF," Opt. Commun. 145, 329-339 (1998).
[CrossRef]

S. Haidar, K. Miyamoto, and H. Ito, "Generation of tunable mid-IR (5.5-9.3 μm) from a 2-μm pumped ZnGeP2 optical parametric oscillator," Opt. Commun. 241, 173-178 (2004).
[CrossRef]

P. J. Morris, W. Lüthy, H. P. Weber, Y. D. Zavartsev, P. A. Studenikin, I. Shcherbakov, and A. I. Zagumenyi, "Laser operation and spectroscopy of Tm:Ho:GdVO4," Opt. Commun. 111, 493-496 (1994).
[CrossRef]

Opt. Lett. (5)

Proc. SPIE. (1)

S. Chandra, M. Wager, B. Clayton, A. Geiser, T. H. Allik, J. L. Ahl, C. Miller, P. Budni, P. Ketteridge, K. Lanier, E. Chicklis, J. A. Hutchinson, and W. W. Hovis, "2-micron pumped 8-12 micron OPO source for remote chemical sensing," Proc. SPIE. 4036, 200-208 (2000).
[CrossRef]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

The geometry of end-pumped solid-state resonator with a thin thermal lens.

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental setup of the double end-pumped Tm,Ho:GdVO4 laser.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

The influence of the thermal focal length fth to the laser radius in the gain medium.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

The CW and 10-kHz PRF output power of Tm,Ho:GdVO4. Solid line is a linear fit to the CW output data.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Intensity profile of the laser beam at the 10.1-W output power level. Solid curve represents a Gaussian fit to the experimental data (solid dot).

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

The beam radius for the Tm,Ho:GdVO4 laser as a function of the distance from focusing lens at the 10.1-W output power level. Solid curve is a fit to a standard Gaussian beam propagation expression.

Equations (5)

Equations on this page are rendered with MathJax. Learn more.

f th = π K c ω p 2 ¯ ξ η P in ( d n d T )
ω p 2 ¯ = 0 l P ( x ) x ω 2 ( x ) d x 0 l P ( x ) x d x
g 1 = 1 L 2 f th L 0 R 1
g 2 = 1 L 1 f th L 0 R 2
ω = 0.780 ( X 10 % X 90 % )

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