Abstract

We experimentally demonstrate an optical node with time-space-and-wavelength domain contention resolution, deflection and dropping capability. The node is composed of an optical buffer based on an optical crossconnect and a wavelength converter. Although the experimental results are shown at 10 Gbit/s the bitrate can be increased substantially. Bit-error rate measurements are shown, sustaining only 3.5 dB power penalty after 10µs of optical buffering and agile wavelength conversion over 18nm span.

© 2006 Optical Society of America

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  1. D.K. Hunter, M.C. Chia, and I. Andanovic, "Buffering in optical packet switches," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2081-2094 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  2. W. D. Zhong, and R.S. Tucker, "Wavelength routing-based photonic packet buffers and their applications in photonic packet switching," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol 16, 1737-1745 (1998).
    [CrossRef]
  3. W. D. Zhong and R. S. Tucker, "A new wavelength-routed packet buffer combining traveling delay-lines with delay-line loops", IEEE J. Lightwave Technol 19, 1085-1092 (2001).
    [CrossRef]
  4. C. Qiao, "Labeled Optical Burst Switching for IP-over-WDM Integration", IEEE Communication Magazine 38, 104-114 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  5. D. Griffith, K. Sriram, and N. Golmie, "Protection switching for optical burst using segmentation and deflection routing," IEEE Commun. Lett. 9, 930-932 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  6. S. Lee, K. Sriram, H. Kim, and J. Song, "Contention-Based Limited Deflection Routing Protocol in Optical Burst-Switched Networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 23, 1596 - 1611 (2005).
    [CrossRef]
  7. Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, N. Calabretta, H. de Waardt, G.D. Khoe, and H.J.S. Dorren, "All-optical buffering in all-optical packet switched cross connects," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 849 - 851 (2002).
    [CrossRef]
  8. R. Varrazza, I.B. Djordjevic, and S. Yu "Active vertical-coupler-based optical crosspoint switch matrix for optical packet-switching applications," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 2034-2042 (2004).
    [CrossRef]
  9. S. Yu et al. "Demonstration of high-speed optical packet routing using vertical coupler crosspoint space switch array," Electron. Lett. 36, 556-558 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  10. N.S. Bergano, F.W. Kerfoot, and C.R. Davidsion, "Margin measurements in optical amplifier system," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 304-306 (1993).
    [CrossRef]
  11. K. E. Stubkjaer, "Semiconductor optical amplifier-based all-optical gates for high-speed optical processing," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1428-1435 (2000).
    [CrossRef]
  12. N. Chi, Z. Wang, and S. Yu, "A Large Variable Delay, Fast Reconfigurable Optical Buffer Based on Multi-Loop Configuration and an Optical Crosspoint Switch Matrix," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OFO7, http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2006-OFO7.
    [PubMed]

2005

D. Griffith, K. Sriram, and N. Golmie, "Protection switching for optical burst using segmentation and deflection routing," IEEE Commun. Lett. 9, 930-932 (2005).
[CrossRef]

S. Lee, K. Sriram, H. Kim, and J. Song, "Contention-Based Limited Deflection Routing Protocol in Optical Burst-Switched Networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 23, 1596 - 1611 (2005).
[CrossRef]

2004

R. Varrazza, I.B. Djordjevic, and S. Yu "Active vertical-coupler-based optical crosspoint switch matrix for optical packet-switching applications," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 2034-2042 (2004).
[CrossRef]

2002

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, N. Calabretta, H. de Waardt, G.D. Khoe, and H.J.S. Dorren, "All-optical buffering in all-optical packet switched cross connects," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 849 - 851 (2002).
[CrossRef]

2001

W. D. Zhong and R. S. Tucker, "A new wavelength-routed packet buffer combining traveling delay-lines with delay-line loops", IEEE J. Lightwave Technol 19, 1085-1092 (2001).
[CrossRef]

2000

C. Qiao, "Labeled Optical Burst Switching for IP-over-WDM Integration", IEEE Communication Magazine 38, 104-114 (2000).
[CrossRef]

S. Yu et al. "Demonstration of high-speed optical packet routing using vertical coupler crosspoint space switch array," Electron. Lett. 36, 556-558 (2000).
[CrossRef]

K. E. Stubkjaer, "Semiconductor optical amplifier-based all-optical gates for high-speed optical processing," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1428-1435 (2000).
[CrossRef]

1998

D.K. Hunter, M.C. Chia, and I. Andanovic, "Buffering in optical packet switches," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2081-2094 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. D. Zhong, and R.S. Tucker, "Wavelength routing-based photonic packet buffers and their applications in photonic packet switching," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol 16, 1737-1745 (1998).
[CrossRef]

1993

N.S. Bergano, F.W. Kerfoot, and C.R. Davidsion, "Margin measurements in optical amplifier system," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 304-306 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Andanovic, I.

D.K. Hunter, M.C. Chia, and I. Andanovic, "Buffering in optical packet switches," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2081-2094 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Bergano, N.S.

N.S. Bergano, F.W. Kerfoot, and C.R. Davidsion, "Margin measurements in optical amplifier system," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 304-306 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Calabretta, N.

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, N. Calabretta, H. de Waardt, G.D. Khoe, and H.J.S. Dorren, "All-optical buffering in all-optical packet switched cross connects," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 849 - 851 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Chia, M.C.

D.K. Hunter, M.C. Chia, and I. Andanovic, "Buffering in optical packet switches," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2081-2094 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Davidsion, C.R.

N.S. Bergano, F.W. Kerfoot, and C.R. Davidsion, "Margin measurements in optical amplifier system," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 304-306 (1993).
[CrossRef]

de Waardt, H.

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, N. Calabretta, H. de Waardt, G.D. Khoe, and H.J.S. Dorren, "All-optical buffering in all-optical packet switched cross connects," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 849 - 851 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Djordjevic, I.B.

R. Varrazza, I.B. Djordjevic, and S. Yu "Active vertical-coupler-based optical crosspoint switch matrix for optical packet-switching applications," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 2034-2042 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Dorren, H.J.S.

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, N. Calabretta, H. de Waardt, G.D. Khoe, and H.J.S. Dorren, "All-optical buffering in all-optical packet switched cross connects," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 849 - 851 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Golmie, N.

D. Griffith, K. Sriram, and N. Golmie, "Protection switching for optical burst using segmentation and deflection routing," IEEE Commun. Lett. 9, 930-932 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Griffith, D.

D. Griffith, K. Sriram, and N. Golmie, "Protection switching for optical burst using segmentation and deflection routing," IEEE Commun. Lett. 9, 930-932 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Hill, M. T.

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, N. Calabretta, H. de Waardt, G.D. Khoe, and H.J.S. Dorren, "All-optical buffering in all-optical packet switched cross connects," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 849 - 851 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Hunter, D.K.

D.K. Hunter, M.C. Chia, and I. Andanovic, "Buffering in optical packet switches," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2081-2094 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Kerfoot, F.W.

N.S. Bergano, F.W. Kerfoot, and C.R. Davidsion, "Margin measurements in optical amplifier system," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 304-306 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Khoe, G.D.

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, N. Calabretta, H. de Waardt, G.D. Khoe, and H.J.S. Dorren, "All-optical buffering in all-optical packet switched cross connects," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 849 - 851 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Kim, H.

S. Lee, K. Sriram, H. Kim, and J. Song, "Contention-Based Limited Deflection Routing Protocol in Optical Burst-Switched Networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 23, 1596 - 1611 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Lee, S.

S. Lee, K. Sriram, H. Kim, and J. Song, "Contention-Based Limited Deflection Routing Protocol in Optical Burst-Switched Networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 23, 1596 - 1611 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Liu, Y.

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, N. Calabretta, H. de Waardt, G.D. Khoe, and H.J.S. Dorren, "All-optical buffering in all-optical packet switched cross connects," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 849 - 851 (2002).
[CrossRef]

Qiao, C.

C. Qiao, "Labeled Optical Burst Switching for IP-over-WDM Integration", IEEE Communication Magazine 38, 104-114 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Song, J.

S. Lee, K. Sriram, H. Kim, and J. Song, "Contention-Based Limited Deflection Routing Protocol in Optical Burst-Switched Networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 23, 1596 - 1611 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Sriram, K.

S. Lee, K. Sriram, H. Kim, and J. Song, "Contention-Based Limited Deflection Routing Protocol in Optical Burst-Switched Networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 23, 1596 - 1611 (2005).
[CrossRef]

D. Griffith, K. Sriram, and N. Golmie, "Protection switching for optical burst using segmentation and deflection routing," IEEE Commun. Lett. 9, 930-932 (2005).
[CrossRef]

Stubkjaer, K. E.

K. E. Stubkjaer, "Semiconductor optical amplifier-based all-optical gates for high-speed optical processing," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1428-1435 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Tucker, R. S.

W. D. Zhong and R. S. Tucker, "A new wavelength-routed packet buffer combining traveling delay-lines with delay-line loops", IEEE J. Lightwave Technol 19, 1085-1092 (2001).
[CrossRef]

Tucker, R.S.

W. D. Zhong, and R.S. Tucker, "Wavelength routing-based photonic packet buffers and their applications in photonic packet switching," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol 16, 1737-1745 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Varrazza, R.

R. Varrazza, I.B. Djordjevic, and S. Yu "Active vertical-coupler-based optical crosspoint switch matrix for optical packet-switching applications," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 2034-2042 (2004).
[CrossRef]

Yu, S.

R. Varrazza, I.B. Djordjevic, and S. Yu "Active vertical-coupler-based optical crosspoint switch matrix for optical packet-switching applications," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 2034-2042 (2004).
[CrossRef]

S. Yu et al. "Demonstration of high-speed optical packet routing using vertical coupler crosspoint space switch array," Electron. Lett. 36, 556-558 (2000).
[CrossRef]

Zhong, W. D.

W. D. Zhong and R. S. Tucker, "A new wavelength-routed packet buffer combining traveling delay-lines with delay-line loops", IEEE J. Lightwave Technol 19, 1085-1092 (2001).
[CrossRef]

W. D. Zhong, and R.S. Tucker, "Wavelength routing-based photonic packet buffers and their applications in photonic packet switching," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol 16, 1737-1745 (1998).
[CrossRef]

Electron. Lett.

S. Yu et al. "Demonstration of high-speed optical packet routing using vertical coupler crosspoint space switch array," Electron. Lett. 36, 556-558 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Commun. Lett.

D. Griffith, K. Sriram, and N. Golmie, "Protection switching for optical burst using segmentation and deflection routing," IEEE Commun. Lett. 9, 930-932 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Communication Magazine

C. Qiao, "Labeled Optical Burst Switching for IP-over-WDM Integration", IEEE Communication Magazine 38, 104-114 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol

W. D. Zhong, and R.S. Tucker, "Wavelength routing-based photonic packet buffers and their applications in photonic packet switching," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol 16, 1737-1745 (1998).
[CrossRef]

W. D. Zhong and R. S. Tucker, "A new wavelength-routed packet buffer combining traveling delay-lines with delay-line loops", IEEE J. Lightwave Technol 19, 1085-1092 (2001).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Lightwave Technol.

D.K. Hunter, M.C. Chia, and I. Andanovic, "Buffering in optical packet switches," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 16, 2081-2094 (1998).
[CrossRef]

R. Varrazza, I.B. Djordjevic, and S. Yu "Active vertical-coupler-based optical crosspoint switch matrix for optical packet-switching applications," IEEE J. Lightwave Technol. 22, 2034-2042 (2004).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun.

S. Lee, K. Sriram, H. Kim, and J. Song, "Contention-Based Limited Deflection Routing Protocol in Optical Burst-Switched Networks," IEEE J. Sel. Areas Commun. 23, 1596 - 1611 (2005).
[CrossRef]

IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron.

K. E. Stubkjaer, "Semiconductor optical amplifier-based all-optical gates for high-speed optical processing," IEEE J. Sel. Top. Quantum Electron. 6, 1428-1435 (2000).
[CrossRef]

IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett.

Y. Liu, M. T. Hill, N. Calabretta, H. de Waardt, G.D. Khoe, and H.J.S. Dorren, "All-optical buffering in all-optical packet switched cross connects," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 14, 849 - 851 (2002).
[CrossRef]

N.S. Bergano, F.W. Kerfoot, and C.R. Davidsion, "Margin measurements in optical amplifier system," IEEE Photonics Technol. Lett. 5, 304-306 (1993).
[CrossRef]

Other

N. Chi, Z. Wang, and S. Yu, "A Large Variable Delay, Fast Reconfigurable Optical Buffer Based on Multi-Loop Configuration and an Optical Crosspoint Switch Matrix," in Optical Fiber Communication Conference and Exposition and The National Fiber Optic Engineers Conference, Technical Digest (CD) (Optical Society of America, 2006), paper OFO7, http://www.opticsinfobase.org/abstract.cfm?URI=OFC-2006-OFO7.
[PubMed]

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Figures (6)

Fig. 1.
Fig. 1.

Optical node. OPS: optical packet switching. The arbiter is a physical element that locally route the packets in the event of contention [7].

Fig. 2.
Fig. 2.

Experimental setup. (a) MZI-SOA performance curve. TLS: tunable laser source. PC: polarization controller. IM: intensity modulator. BPF: optical band pass filter. FDL: fiber delay line. EDFA: erbium-doped fiber amplifier. OXC: optical crosspoint. MZI-SOA: Mach-Zehnder Interferometer - semiconductor optical amplifier.

Fig. 3.
Fig. 3.

BER measurements for the back-to-back signal, pure wavelength conversion to 1550.12 nm, and for few wavelength conversion and one loop of optical buffering. BER values are derived from the Q factor.

Fig. 4.
Fig. 4.

Optical spectra at different points of the setup (namely, the original signal, after time and wavelength contention and at the output of the system). A waveform of the packet is also shown. MZI-SOA: Mach-Zehnder Interferometer - semiconductor optical amplifier.

Fig. 5.
Fig. 5.

Waveform traces: back-to-back packets and the packets after being buffered 1.12, 5.6 and 10.08µs, without and with wavelength conversion contention resolution. Note the waveform reshaping after the wavelength conversion stage.

Fig. 6.
Fig. 6.

BER measurements: back-to-back signal, pure wavelength conversion, and for few optical buffering and wavelength conversion. BER values are derived from the Q factor.

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